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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637329/health-benefits-associated-with-three-helping-behaviors-evidence-for-incident-cardiovascular-disease
#1
Jeffrey A Burr, Saehwang Han, Hyo Jung Lee, Jane L Tavares, Jan E Mutchler
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between three helping behaviors and incident cardiovascular disease (CVD; heart attack, stroke; fatal and nonfatal), with an exploration of gender differences. The study is framed within the caregiving system model. Helping others is argued to be an evolved characteristic of humans that yields beneficial health effects. Methods: Data were taken from the 2004-2014 waves of the Health and Retirement Study...
June 16, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637290/a-bright-side-to-the-work-family-interface-husbands-support-as-a-resource-in-double-and-triple-duty-caregiving-wives-work-lives
#2
Nicole DePasquale, Courtney A Polenick, Kelly D Davis, Lisa F Berkman, Thomas D Cabot
Purpose of the Study: This study examined how women who combine long-term care employment with unpaid, informal caregiving roles for children (double-duty-child caregivers), older adults (double-duty-elder caregivers), and both children and older adults (triple-duty caregivers) differed from their workplace-only caregiving counterparts on workplace factors related to job retention (i.e., job satisfaction and turnover intentions) and performance (i.e., perceived obligation to work while sick and emotional exhaustion)...
June 16, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637266/family-caregivers-of-older-adults-1999-2015-trends-in-characteristics-circumstances-and-role-related-appraisal
#3
Jennifer L Wolff, John Mulcahy, Jin Huang, David L Roth, Kenneth Covinsky, Judith D Kasper
Purpose of Study: To assess trends in family caregiving between 1999 and 2015. Design and Methods: We construct nationally representative profiles of community-dwelling older adults receiving help with self-care or indoor mobility and their "primary" family or unpaid caregiver using the 1999 and 2004 National Long Term Care Survey, 2011 and 2015 National Health and Aging Trends Study, and linked caregiver surveys. Trends are examined. Results: Older adults receiving help were incrementally younger, more racially diverse, and better educated in 2015...
June 16, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631510/characteristics-of-the-spouse-caregiving-experience-comparison-between-early-and-late-onset-dementia
#4
Emilie Wawrziczny, Guillaume Berna, Francine Ducharme, Marie-Jeanne Kergoat, Florence Pasquier, Pascal Antoine
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the characteristics of the caregiving experience according to age at onset of dementia to adapt support programs. METHOD: Fifty-seven spouse caregivers of persons with early-onset dementia (PEOD) and 93 spouse caregivers of persons with late-onset dementia (PLOD) participated. The characteristics of the caregiving experience were assessed using questionnaires. We compared the two groups according to age at onset of the disease using a multivariate test, Pillai's Trace test...
June 20, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617622/treatment-and-communication-that-is-what-matters-an-analysis-of-complaints-regarding-end-of-life-care
#5
Jiska Cohen-Mansfield, Michal Skornick-Bouchbinder, Rinat Cohen, Shai Brill
BACKGROUND: Investigating complaints concerning end-of-life (EoL) care is a necessary step for improving the quality of life at its final stage. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to classify and quantify the aspects of EoL care that require improvement by analyzing caregivers' feedback on the care their relatives received before death. DESIGN: A survey of primary family caregivers of deceased patients. SETTING/SUBJECTS: Relatives of decedents were recruited through two geriatric medical centers and from persons contacted for other studies, who reported losing a relative...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591784/trends-in-informal-care-for-disabled-older-americans-1982-2012
#6
Alexander L Janus, Pamela Doty
Background and Objectives: We examine trends in informal care from the perspective of both community-dwelling disabled older Americans and their caregivers from 1982 to 2012. We decompose hours of care received from spouses and children according to changes in: (a) the number of potential spousal and child caregivers ("family structure"), (b) the likelihood that existing spouses and children are caregivers ("caregiving propensity"), and (c) the amount of care provided by individual caregivers ("time burden")...
June 7, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566011/types-of-family-caregiving-and-daily-experiences-in-midlife-and-late-adulthood-the-moderating-influences-of-marital-status-and-age
#7
Jen D Wong, Yetunde Shobo
Guided by the life-course perspective, this study contributes to the family caregiving, aging, and disability literature by examining the daily experiences of three types of family caregivers in midlife and late adulthood. A sample of 162 caregivers from the National Survey of Midlife in the United States study completed interviews, questionnaires, and a Daily Diary Study. Multilevel models showed the patterns of daily time use did not differ by caregiver types. Caregivers of sons/daughters with developmental disabilities (DD) experienced more daily stressors than caregivers of parents with health conditions (HC) and caregivers of spouses with HC...
July 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558771/assessment-of-the-burden-on-caregivers-of-patients-with-mental-disorders-in-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#8
Sami H Alzahrani, Ebtihaj O Fallata, Marwa A Alabdulwahab, Wesam A Alsafi, Jamil Bashawri
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders are considered important public health problems not only to people with mental illness but also their caregivers. As is the case in many countries, the deinstitutionalization of mental health services in Saudi Arabia, has meant that informal caregivers are shouldering responsibilities for which they are not usually prepared; therefore, the current study was aimed at assessment of the burden on caregivers of people with mental illness. METHODS: Through a cross-sectional design, a sample of the caregivers of people with mental illness (n = 377) was selected randomly from a psychiatric hospital in Jeddah...
May 30, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554363/social-support-from-the-closest-person-and-sleep-quality-in-later-life-evidence-from-a-british-birth-cohort-study
#9
Mai Stafford, Rebecca Bendayan, Ula Tymoszuk, Diana Kuh
OBJECTIVES: Supportive social relationships have been found to be related to fewer sleep problems and better sleep quality. We examined associations between positive and negative support from the nominated close person across 15years of follow-up with sleep quality in older age. METHODS: MRC National Survey of Health and Development study members reported sleep quality at age 68 (n=2446). Cumulative exposure to and changes in positive and negative support were derived from data at age 53, 60-64 and 68years...
July 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552007/the-experience-of-male-spouses-in-the-context-of-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#10
Vanina Barbosa Lopes, Ana Paula Antero Lobo, Geraldo Bezerra Da Silva Junior, Anna Karynne Melo, Carminda Goersch Lamboglia, Carlos Antonio Bruno da Silva
The purpose of this systematic review is to look into how the experience of husbands of women treated for breast cancer is approached in the literature. Between July and August 2015, the databases of PubMed, SciELO and BIREME were searched for papers published in the period January 2005-July 2015; a final sample of 23 papers was defined. The studies listed several negative and positive aspects of the experience, such as financial difficulties, psychological distress, lack of coping skills among family members, social recognition of the role of caregiver, acquisition of new responsibilities and the maturing of family members...
May 27, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543793/positive-emotions-in-caring-for-a-spouse-a-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Tiina Autio, Sari Rissanen
This article aimed at identifying the positive emotions connected to spouse caregiving and the advantages for spouse carers. Theoretically, the article is based on the concept of emotion and the assumptions of positive psychology. Data search is conducted via electronic literature databases and the analysis method is partly theory-driven and partly inductive content classification. Our analyses discover and clarify the concepts associated with positive emotions in caring, such as the gains of caregiving, benefit-finding, finding meaning, personal growth, post-traumatic growth and resilience...
May 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524377/to-be-or-not-to-be-a-caregiver-s-question-the-lived-experience-of-a-stroke-family-during-the-first-18-months-poststroke
#12
Cheryl L Olivier, Jill Phillips, Dianne E Roy
BACKGROUND: Disability following a stroke often requires family, commonly a spouse, to provide care enabling the stroke survivor to return home. Immediate or extended family and friends may help provide direct care or support the primary caregiver. While family members share the common stroke experience, this is lived within the context of separate lives. Research examining the individual nuances, roles and contribution of family and/or friends forming part of collective stroke networks, has largely been overlooked...
May 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506018/return-to-work-predictors-of-stroke-survivors-and-their-spousal-caregivers
#13
Celia H Schulz, Kyler M Godwin, Gayle I Hersch, Leslie K Hyde, Jocelyn J Irabor, Sharon K Ostwald
BACKGROUND: Return to work is an issue of concern for stroke survivors and their spouses. Ramifications may include loss of income and self-efficacy. OBJECTIVE: This study describes the return to work patterns of stroke survivors and their spousal caregivers post stroke. METHODS: One hundred fifty-nine dyads were examined for their return to work patterns at baseline (post hospital discharge) and then at 3 month intervals for one year. Relationships were determined between work and gender, age, ethnicity, education, type of insurance, type of stroke, location of stroke, motor and cognitive functional status, depression, mutuality, and life satisfaction...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503652/experiences-of-caregivers-with-spouses-receiving-chemotherapy-for-colorectal-cancer-and-their-expectations-from-nursing-services
#14
Ayse Cal, Ilknur Aydin Avci, Figen Cavusoglu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to reveal experiences of caregivers whose spouses were receiving chemotherapy for colorectal cancer and their expectations from nursing services. METHODS: This is a qualitative study. The caregivers were interviewed at their home. Sampling criteria were volunteering to participate in the study, being able to understand Turkish, not having speech or hearing problems and offering care to spouses with primary colorectal cancer...
April 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483100/caregiver-burden-in-alzheimer-type-dementia-and-psychosis-a-comparative-study-from-india
#15
P Sinha, N G Desai, O Prakash, S Kushwaha, C B Tripathi
BACKGROUND: Caregiver burden in dementia is an important area of research. Providing care for a relative can be a potent source of chronic stress and can have deleterious consequences for both the physical and emotional health of caregivers. This study aims to evaluate the burden of care in caregivers of patients with Alzheimer-type dementia and compare it with elderly psychosis; and to also study the factors that influence burden of care in Alzheimer's dementia. METHODS: Thirty-two caregiver-patient dyads of Alzheimer-type dementia were compared with thirty-two caregiver-patient dyads of psychosis...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482111/conditional-adaptive-bayesian-spectral-analysis-of-nonstationary-biomedical-time-series
#16
Scott A Bruce, Martica H Hall, Daniel J Buysse, Robert T Krafty
Many studies of biomedical time series signals aim to measure the association between frequency-domain properties of time series and clinical and behavioral covariates. However, the time-varying dynamics of these associations are largely ignored due to a lack of methods that can assess the changing nature of the relationship through time. This article introduces a method for the simultaneous and automatic analysis of the association between the time-varying power spectrum and covariates, which we refer to as conditional adaptive Bayesian spectrum analysis (CABS)...
May 8, 2017: Biometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481778/the-relationship-between-body-image-gender-subjective-norms-and-the-decision-to-undergo-preventive-mastectomy-among-arab-and-jewish-brca-carriers
#17
Majeda Kardosh, Yoram Bar-Tal, Sivia Barnoy
BACKGROUND: Carriers for a mutation in BRCA1/2 genes have a high, lifelong risk for developing breast cancer. Preventive mastectomy is considered an effective risk reduction surgery. Many factors might affect the decision to undergo preventive mastectomy, including culture, perceived body image after mastectomy and important others opinion. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate BRCA mutation carriers' decision to undergo preventive mastectomy and the relationship between culture, gender, body image, and the decision...
May 5, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481652/when-a-parent-suffers-abi-investigation-of-emotional-distress-in-children
#18
A Redolfi, G Bartolini, M Gugliotta, A Maietti, P Pietrapiana, S Sapienza, A D'Amato, A Mazzucchi
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the type of emotional and behavioural impact that having a parent with a severe acquired brain injury (ABI) has on children during the first period of adjustment. METHODS AND PROCEDURE: The study involved 25 couples in which one of the spouses was affected by ABI, and their 35 children (3-14 years). The children attended three sessions with a psychologist aimed at identifying their spontaneous playing and relational behaviour by means of a grid created on the basis of ICD-10 criteria...
May 8, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452643/the-effects-of-the-more-wisdom-resources-on-spousal-caregivers-life-satisfaction-an-application-of-the-resilience-model
#19
Seungyoun Kim, Bob G Knight
OBJECTIVES: Models of resilience suggest that psychosocial resources and their interactions facilitate resilience while experiencing life challenges of caregiving. The MORE wisdom resources (sense of Mastery, Openness to experience, Reflective attitude, and Emotion regulation) have been suggested as possible personal resources of resilience that predict positive health outcomes of caregivers. Applying a model of resilience, this study examined the direct and indirect effects of the three of the MORE wisdom resources (sense of Mastery, Openness to experience, and Emotion regulation) on caregiving spouses' life satisfaction and perceived physical health...
July 7, 2016: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448998/efficacy-safety-and-tolerability-of-armodafinil-therapy-for-hypersomnia-associated-with-dementia-with-lewy-bodies-a-pilot-study
#20
Maria I Lapid, Karen M Kuntz, Sara S Mason, Jeremiah A Aakre, Emily S Lundt, Walter Kremers, Laura A Allen, Daniel A Drubach, Bradley F Boeve
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hypersomnia is common in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). We assessed the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of armodafinil for hypersomnia associated with DLB. METHODS: We performed a 12-week pilot trial of armodafinil therapy (125-250 mg orally daily) in DLB outpatients with hypersomnia. The patients underwent neurologic examinations, a neuropsychological battery, laboratory testing, electrocardiography, and polysomnography. Efficacy was assessed at 2, 4, 8, and 12 weeks...
2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
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