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high sensitivity c-reactive protein

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223510/low-grade-systemic-inflammation-a-partial-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-diabetes-and-lung-function
#1
Jonathan Giovannelli, Philippe Trouiller, Sébastien Hulo, Natalie Chérot-Kornobis, Alina Ciuchete, Jean-Louis Edmé, Régis Matran, Philippe Amouyel, Aline Meirhaeghe, Luc Dauchet
PURPOSE: An association has been consistently found between diabetes mellitus and decreased lung function. We evaluated to what extent low-grade inflammation (as measured by the level of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein [hs-CRP]) could explain this relationship. METHODS: A sample of 1878 middle-aged adults from the cross-sectional Enquête Littoral Souffle Air Biologie Environnement survey without self-reported pulmonary and atherosclerosis disease was included...
November 22, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222987/frequency-and-correlates-of-tardive-dyskinesia-in-indian-patients-with-type-i-bipolar-disorder
#2
Tess Maria Rajan, Balaji Bharadwaj, Ravi Philip Rajkumar, Prashant Shankarrao Adole
BACKGROUND: Patients with Bipolar Disorder (BD) may have higher risk of Tardive Dyskinesia (TD). Theories for TD include inflammatory or oxidative stress and altered iron metabolism. The current frequency and clinical and biochemical correlates of TD in BD needs exploration. OBJECTIVES: To assess: (1) the frequency of TD in BD; (2) clinical correlates of TD in BD; (3) oxidative stress markers, inflammatory markers and hepcidin in TD in BD. MATERIALS & METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 170 patients with BD were assessed for clinical characteristics using structured assessments...
December 5, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222133/gdf-15-growth-differentiation-factor-15-is-associated-with-lack-of-ventricular-recovery-and-mortality-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#3
Juyong Brian Kim, Yukari Kobayashi, Kegan J Moneghetti, Daniel A Brenner, Ryan O'Malley, Ingela Schnittger, Joseph C Wu, Gillian Murtagh, Agim Beshiri, Michael Fischbein, D Craig Miller, David Liang, Alan C Yeung, Francois Haddad, William F Fearon
BACKGROUND: Recent data suggest that circulating biomarkers may predict outcome in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). We examined the association between inflammatory, myocardial, and renal biomarkers and their role in ventricular recovery and outcome after TAVR. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 112 subjects undergoing TAVR were included in the prospective registry. Plasma levels of B-type natriuretic peptide, hs-TnI (high-sensitivity troponin I), CRP (C-reactive protein), GDF-15 (growth differentiation factor 15), GAL-3 (galectin-3), and Cys-C (cystatin-C) were assessed before TAVR and in 100 sex-matched healthy controls...
December 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217361/major-adipokines-and-the-420c-g-resistin-gene-polymorphism-as-predictors-of-acute-ischemic-stroke-severity-and-in-hospital-outcome
#4
Styliani D Bouziana, Konstantinos Tziomalos, Antonios Goulas, Timoleon-Achilleas Vyzantiadis, Athanasia Panderi, Apostolos Ι Ηatzitolios
BACKGROUND: The role of adiponectin, leptin, and resistin and the -420C>G polymorphism of the resistin gene promoter in the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke are controversial. We aimed to evaluate whether serum levels of these adipokines and the -420C>G polymorphism are associated with ischemic stroke severity and in-hospital outcome. METHODS: We prospectively studied 93 patients who were consecutively hospitalized for acute ischemic stroke (39.8% males, age 79...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216742/redox-sensing-iron-sulfur-cluster-regulators
#5
Jason C Crack, Nick E Le Brun
SIGNIFICANCE: Iron-sulfur cluster proteins carry out a wide range of functions, including as regulators of gene transcription/translation in response to environmental stimuli. In all known cases, the cluster acts as the sensory module, where the inherent reactivity/fragility of iron-sulfur clusters towards small/redox active molecules is exploited to effect conformational changes that modulate binding to DNA regulatory sequences. This promotes an often substantial re-programming of the cellular proteome that enables the organism or cell to adapt to, or counteract, its changing circumstances...
December 7, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214987/influence-of-c-reactive-protein-on-the-occurrence-and-assessing-of-albuminuria-severity-in-diabetics
#6
Lamija Pojskić, Sabaheta Hasić, Ema Tahto, Vildana Arnautović-Torlak, Belma Pojskić
Aim To asses relation of serum high sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP) level with albumin concentration in daily urine in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 (T2DM). Methods The prospective study included 69 patients with T2DM, both sexes (24 males, 45 females), aged 30-82 years. They were divided into two groups: patients with T2DM and normoalbuminuria(T2DM-NA; n=40) and patients with T2DM and microalbuminuria (T2DM-MA; n=29). Patients were hospitalized at the Department of Internal Medicine, Cantonal Hospital Zenica, in the period January-April 2014...
February 1, 2018: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214673/assessing-truncal-obesity-in-predicting-cardiometabolic-risk-in-children-clinical-measures-versus-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry
#7
Vincent J Palmieri, Melissa H Henshaw, Janet Carter, Shahryar M Chowdhury
AIM: The objectives of this study were to: 1) Compare the accuracy of waist:hip ratio (WHR) and waist:height ratio (WHtR) by determining their association with reference-standard measures derived from dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and 2) assess the relationship of DXA, WHR, and WHtR to measures of dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, and inflammation in children. METHODS: Subjects aged four to 21 were prospectively recruited. Truncal obesity by DXA was defined as the trunk fat:height ratio and trunk fat:non-trunk fat ratio...
December 7, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212351/the-multi-faceted-impact-of-peroxiredoxins-on-aging-and-disease
#8
Svetlana N Radyuk, William C Orr
<i>Significance:</i> Peroxiredoxins, a family of thiol-associated peroxidases, are purported to play a major role in sensing and managing H2O2 concentrations and transducing peroxide-derived signals. <i>Recent advances:</i> Peroxiredoxins can act as detoxifying factors and impart effects to cells that can be either sparing or suicidal. Advances have been made to address the qualitative changes in peroxiredoxin function in response to quantitative changes in the signal level and to understand how peroxidredoxin activity could be affected by their own substrates...
December 6, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211968/men-and-women-differ-in-the-biochemical-composition-of-platelet-rich-plasma
#9
Grace Xiong, Nithya Lingampalli, Jayme C B Koltsov, Lawrence L Leung, Nidhi Bhutani, William H Robinson, Constance R Chu
BACKGROUND: Autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is widely used for a variety of clinical applications. However, clinical outcome studies have not consistently shown positive effects. The composition of PRP differs based on many factors. An improved understanding of factors influencing the composition of PRP is important for the optimization of PRP use. HYPOTHESIS: Age and sex influence the PRP composition in healthy patients. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211884/impact-of-current-and-past-cancer-history-on-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-events-following-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-kumamoto-university-malignancy-and-atherosclerosis-kuma-study
#10
Noriaki Tabata, Daisuke Sueta, Eiichiro Yamamoto, Seiji Takashio, Yuichiro Arima, Satoshi Araki, Kenshi Yamanaga, Masanobu Ishii, Kenji Sakamoto, Hisanori Kanazawa, Koichiro Fujisue, Shinsuke Hanatani, Hirofumi Soejima, Seiji Hokimoto, Yasuhiro Izumiya, Sunao Kojima, Hiroshige Yamabe, Koichi Kaikita, Kenichi Tsujita
Background: As progress is made in successfully treating cancer, there is increasing need to focus on the risk and complexity of treating cardiovascular events in cancer survivors - thus, the field of onco-cardiology/cardio-oncology has emerged. We examined the differential incidence of cardiovascular events after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with or without cancer. Methods and Results: Participants were divided into a non-cancer group and a cancer group, which consisted of patients who were receiving or had ever received cancer treatment...
December 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211778/clinical-global-assessment-of-nutritional-status-as-predictor-of-mortality-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#11
Lu Dai, Hideyuki Mukai, Bengt Lindholm, Olof Heimbürger, Peter Barany, Peter Stenvinkel, Abdul Rashid Qureshi
BACKGROUND: The value of subjective global assessment (SGA) as nutritional assessor of protein-energy wasting (PEWSGA) in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients depends on its mortality predictive capacity. We investigated associations of PEWSGA with markers of nutritional status and all-cause mortality in CKD patients. METHODS: In 1031 (732 CKD1-5 non-dialysis and 299 dialysis) patients, SGA and body (BMI), lean (LBMI) and fat (FBMI) body mass indices, % handgrip strength (% HGS), serum albumin, and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) were examined at baseline...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207750/validity-of-simplified-ankylosing-spondylitis-disease-activity-scores-sasdas-in-indian-ankylosing-spondylitis-patients
#12
Nagma Bansal, Lalit Duggal, Neeraj Jain
Introduction: Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score (ASDAS) is a complex score for monitoring disease activity in Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS). Aim: To develop a simplified version of the ASDAS. Materials and Methods: Consenting 254 AS patients (modified New York and/or Assessment in Ankylosing Spondylitis 2009 criteria) were recruited. Sociodemographic data and disease characteristics such as Bath AS Disease Activity Index (BASDAI), Bath AS Functional Index (BASFI), and AS Quality of Life (ASQoL), Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR), and C-Reactive Protein (CRP) were collected...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207691/a-comparative-study-of-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-and-metabolic-variables-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-with-and-without-nephropathy
#13
Abid K Shaheer, Jithesh K Tharayil, Parvathi W Krishna
Introduction: Diabetic nephropathy is a serious chronic complication of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) which impairs the quality of life, leading to increased morbidity and mortality. The high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) is an acute phase reactant which acts as a non-specific systemic marker of inflammation. Aim: To find out the relationship between serum hs-CRP and metabolic variables in Type 2 diabetic patients with and without nephropathy. Materials and Methods: The study group consists of 96 subjects that include non-diabetic healthy controls, Type 2 diabetic patients without any complications and patients with diabetic nephropathy...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206849/cilostazol-attenuates-intimal-hyperplasia-in-a-mouse-model-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#14
Wiwat Chancharoenthana, Asada Leelahavanichkul, Sujittra Taratummarat, Jutamas Wongphom, Khajohn Tiranathanagul, Somchai Eiam-Ong
Intimal hyperplasia (IH) is a common cause of vasculopathy due to direct endothelial damage (such as post-coronary revascularization) or indirect injury (such as chronic kidney disease, or CKD). Although the attenuation of coronary revascularization-induced IH (direct-vascular-injury-induced IH) by cilostazol, a phosphodiesterase III inhibitor, has been demonstrated, our understanding of the effect on CKD-induced IH (indirect-vascular-injury-induced IH) is limited. Herein, we tested if cilostazol attenuated CKD-induced IH in a mouse model of ischemic-reperfusion injury with unilateral nephrectomy (Chr I/R), a normotensive non-proteinuria CKD model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205940/relation-of-serum-adma-apelin-13-and-lox-1-levels-with-inflammatory-and-echocardiographic-parameters-in-hemodialysis-patients
#15
Ibrahim Dogan, Tolga Dogan, Mucahit Yetim, Huseyin Kayadibi, Mehmet B Yilmaz, Baris Eser, Macit Kalcik, Yusuf Karavelioglu
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease. Nitric oxide has a critical role in both endothelial dysfunction and the atherosclerosis process. We aimed to investigate the relationships between serum asymmetric dimethyl arginine (ADMA), LOX-1, and Apelin-13 levels, which are known to act over nitric oxide with endothelial dysfunction and cardiac morphology as well as with each other in hemodialysis patients. The study comprised a total of 120 patients (53 females and 67 males) receiving hemodialysis three times a week for at least 6 months and an age-gender matched control group (55 females and 58 males)...
December 4, 2017: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205573/serum-relaxin-and-cervical-length-for-the-prediction-of-spontaneous-preterm-birth-in-second-trimester-symptomatic-women
#16
Athanasios Pantelis, Alexandros Sotiriadis, Kimon Chatzistamatiou, Georgios Pratilas, Konstantinos Dinas
OBJECTIVE: to investigate whether serum relaxin is associated with preterm birth in symptomatic women, either as a standalone test or in the context of a combined model. METHODS: This was a case-control study of women with singleton pregnancy, who presented between 24+0 and 26+6 weeks with threatened preterm labor and intact membranes. Cervical length, full blood count, C-reactive protein and maternal demographics were recorded at presentation. Blood samples were taken for relaxin and these parameters were compared between women who delivered <37 weeks (N=46) and women delivering at term (N=66)...
December 5, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204369/effect-of-a-vitamin-and-mineral-supplementation-on-glycemic-status-results-from-a-community-based-program
#17
Samantha M Kimball, J C Herbert Emery, Richard Z Lewanczuk
Aims: Diet is a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus. As cofactors necessary for enzyme function of all metabolic pathways, vitamins and minerals have the potential to improve glucose metabolism. We investigated the effects of a nutrient intervention program on glycemic status. Methods: We used a form of natural experiment to compare Pure North program participants (n = 1018) that received vitamin D alone (Vital 1) or vitamin D in combination with other nutrients (Vital 2) during two different time periods...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203814/a-label-free-fiber-optic-spr-biosensor-for-specific-detection-of-c-reactive-protein
#18
Wenjia Wang, Zhigang Mai, Yuzhi Chen, Jiaqi Wang, Liang Li, Qingning Su, Xuejin Li, Xueming Hong
A highly sensitive and label-free fiber optic surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensor for specific detection of C-reactive protein (CRP) is proposed and demonstrated. We take dopamine as a cross-linking agent to immobilize the anti-CRP monoclonal antibody, which is an efficient and simple method for specific modification of the fiber optic SPR sensor. The modified sensor can successfully detect CRP specifically. We realize the fabrication of a disposable fiber optic SPR sensor for the CRP specific detection...
December 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202452/systemic-inflammation-is-associated-with-exaggerated-skeletal-muscle-protein-catabolism-in-maintenance-hemodialysis-patients
#19
Serpil M Deger, Adriana M Hung, Jorge L Gamboa, Edward D Siew, Charles D Ellis, Cindy Booker, Feng Sha, Haiming Li, Aihua Bian, Thomas G Stewart, Roy Zent, William E Mitch, Naji N Abumrad, T Alp Ikizler
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammation and muscle wasting are highly prevalent and coexist in patients on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD). We aimed to determine the effects of systemic inflammation on skeletal muscle protein metabolism in MHD patients. METHODS: Whole body and skeletal muscle protein turnover were assessed by stable isotope kinetic studies. We incorporated expressions of E1, E214K, E3αI, E3αII, MuRF-1, and atrogin-1 in skeletal muscle tissue from integrin β1 gene KO CKD mice models...
November 16, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201568/diagnostic-value-of-serum-procalcitonin-lactate-and-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-for-predicting-bacteremia-in-adult-patients-in-the-emergency-department
#20
Chiung-Tsung Lin, Jang-Jih Lu, Yu-Ching Chen, Victor C Kok, Jorng-Tzong Horng
Background: Few studies compared the diagnostic value of procalcitonin with a combination of other tests including lactate and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in the prediction of pathogenic bacteremia in emergency department adult patients. Methods: We performed a retrospective study assessing the differences in performances of procalcitonin at a cutoff of 0.5 ng/mL, lactate at a cutoff of 19.8 mg/dL, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein at a cutoff of 0.8 mg/dL and their combinations for predicting bacteremia in emergency department adult patients...
2017: PeerJ
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