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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715852/treatment-of-premenstrual-dysphoria-with-continuous-versus-intermittent-dosing-of-oral-contraceptives-results-of-a-three-arm-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Tory A Eisenlohr-Moul, Susan S Girdler, Jacqueline L Johnson, Peter J Schmidt, David R Rubinow
BACKGROUND: Although traditionally dosed combined oral contraceptives (COCs) (21 days of active pills, 7 days of inactive pills) have not been demonstrated as superior to placebo for the treatment of premenstrual dysphoria (PMD), some randomized controlled trials (RCTs) indicate that oral contraceptives administered with a shortened or eliminated hormone-free interval are superior to placebo. However, results of such trials are mixed, and no existing studies have directly compared continuous and intermittent dosing schedules of the same oral contraceptive...
July 17, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712426/negative-affect-is-unrelated-to-fluctuations-in-hormone-levels-across-the-menstrual-cycle-evidence-from-a-multisite-observational-study-across-two-successive-cycles
#2
Michael P Hengartner, Tillmann H C Kruger, Kirsten Geraedts, Enrico Tronci, Toni Mancini, Fabian Ille, Marcel Egli, Susanna Röblitz, Rainald Ehrig, Lanja Saleh, Katharina Spanaus, Cordula Schippert, Yuanyuan Zhang, Brigitte Leeners
BACKGROUND: Female sex hormones may play a crucial role in the occurrence of cycle-related mood disorders. However, the literature is inconsistent and methodologically stringent observational studies on the relationship between sex hormones and negative affect are lacking. METHODS: In this longitudinal multisite study from Hannover, Germany, and Zurich, Switzerland, we examined oestrogen, progesterone, luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and testosterone serum levels in association with negative affect as measured with the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS)...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707491/the-effect-of-omega-3-fatty-acid-supplementation-on-premenstrual-syndrome-and-health-related-quality-of-life-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Samira Behboudi-Gandevani, Fatemeh-Zahra Hariri, Lida Moghaddam-Banaem
INTRODUCTION: Most reproductive aged women suffer from somatic and mental disorders prior to menstruation. This study investigated whether omega-3 supplement improved premenstrual symptoms and health-related quality of life among reproductive aged women. METHODS: A multi-center, balanced (1:1), placebo-controlled, parallel-group randomized clinical trial was conducted in an urban academic institution. A sample consisting of 95 Iranian women aged 20-35 years who were suffering from premenstrual symptoms were randomly allocated into two groups...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703946/prevalence-severity-and-correlates-of-premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder-symptoms-among-women-in-the-arabian-peninsula
#4
Ossama T Osman, Sufyan Sabri, Taoufik Zoubeidi, Amal I Alharbi, Diaa Rizk, Hassib Narchi, Abdul-Kader Souid
Objective: To study the prevalence of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) symptom patterns among women in the United Arab Emirates and to measure the debilitating nature of PMDD symptoms and sociodemographic correlates. Methods: This cross-sectional sample study used the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview-Plus (MINI-Plus) and Premenstrual Symptoms Screening Tool (PSST) to screen for presence and severity of PMDD symptoms in Arab women attending ambulatory health services in Alain city, Emirate of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, for routine health care between May 2005 and September 2005...
July 6, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698873/epidemiological-distribution-and-subtype-analysis-of-premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder-syndromes-and-symptoms-based-on-tcm-theories
#5
Mingqi Qiao, Peng Sun, Haijun Wang, Yang Wang, Xianghong Zhan, Hongqi Liu, Xiaoyun Wang, Xia Li, Xiaoru Wang, Jibiao Wu, Fushun Wang
We performed an epidemiological investigation of subjects with premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) to identify the clinical distribution of the major syndromes and symptoms. The pathogenesis of PMDD mainly involves the dysfunction of liver conveyance and dispersion. Excessive liver conveyance and dispersion are associated with liver-qi invasion syndrome, while insufficient liver conveyance and dispersion are expressed as liver-qi depression syndrome. Additionally, a nonconditional logistic regression was performed to analyze the symptomatic features of liver-qi invasion and liver-qi depression...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682101/premenstrual-symptoms-and-factors-implicated-in-smoking-cessation-among-woman-smokers
#6
Raina D Pang, Nafeesa Andrabi, Adam M Leventhal
Premenstrual symptoms (PMS) may reduce smoking cessation success. Yet, little is known about the factors that may impact smoking cessation among women with elevated PMS, leaving little data to guide smoking cessation science and practice for this population. This cross-sectional study is a secondary analysis of data from laboratory studies focused on menstrual cycle effects and smoking. Premenopausal woman daily smokers (n = 157) completed self-report measures of tobacco dependence and other cessation-relevant factors (i...
July 6, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674766/reduction-of-quality-adjusted-life-years-qalys-in-patients-with-premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder-pmdd
#7
Kazuo Yamada, Eiichiro Kamagata
PURPOSE: Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) refers to the depression that occurs during the premenstrual phase and remits soon after the onset of menses. It affects the quality of life (QOL) of patients with PMDD. Therefore, this preliminary survey from chart recordings aimed to understand the symptom appearance and QOL reduction patterns in patients with PMDD, and to examine the extent of the loss of their quality-adjusted life years (QALYs). METHODS: Participants were 66 untreated female patients with PMDD...
July 3, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670837/analytical-methodologies-for-the-stereoselective-determination-of-fluoxetine-an-overview
#8
REVIEW
Gabriel Hancu, Melania Cârcu-Dobrin, Monica Budău, Aura Rusu
Fluoxetine is a widely used antidepressant belonging to the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor class; used in the treatment of major depression, obsessive compulsive, premenstrual dysphoric, panic and post-traumatic stress disorders. Fluoxetine is an optical active pharmaceutical substance, which is used as a racemate in therapy, but stereospecific interactions associated with the serotonin-reuptake carrier, for both the parent drug and its active metabolite, norfluoxetine, has been described in the literature...
July 3, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670129/stress-reactivity-and-emotion-in-premenstrual-syndrome
#9
Qing Liu, Yongshun Wang, Cornelis Hermanus van Heck, Wei Qiao
BACKGROUND: Hormone level fluctuation across the menstrual cycle causes women to experience negative emotions and also affects their mood regulation and stress sensitivity. However, the stress reactivity and emotional variations in women with premenstrual syndrome (PMS), who are especially sensitive to the variations in hormone cycles, have not been explained. METHODS: The present study used an electroencephalogram (EEG) stress evaluation test, a physiology stress evaluation test, and the positive affect and negative affect scale (PANAS) to evaluate the stress reactivity pattern and emotional state of women with PMS...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666132/neuropsychological-function-in-relation-to-dysmenorrhea-in-adolescents
#10
Afsane Bahrami, Hamidreza Sadeghnia, Amir Avan, Seyed Jamal Mirmousavi, Alireza Moslem, Saeed Eslami, Masoud Heshmati, Hamidreza Bahrami-Taghanaki, Gordon A Ferns, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
OBJECTIVE: Hormonal variations during the menstrual cycle may affect emotional regulation. We aimed to investigate the association between dysmenorrhea (the severe abdominal pain and cramps associated with menstruation) and cognitive abilities, emotional function and sleep patterns in adolescent girls. Moreover, we evaluated the frequency of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) in our population and then divided them into 4 groups: subjects with only PMS; subjects with only dysmenorrhea; individuals with both PMS and dysmenorrhea and normal subjects...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659508/resolution-of-refractory-bipolar-disorder-with-psychotic-features-and-suicidality-through-lifestyle-interventions-a-case-report
#11
Kelly Brogan
Background • This case illustrates the relationship between gut, hormonal, and brain function in that dietary change, mindfulness interventions, and detoxification led to resolution of disabling luteally exacerbated psychiatric symptoms. Summary • A 45-y-old, married, Caucasian female with a history of diagnosed bipolar disorder with psychotic features, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, panic disorder, and repeated occurrence of suicide attempts and self-mutilating behavior presented for outpatient management...
April 2017: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650737/premenstrual-symptom-patterns-and-behavioral-risk-factors-in-young-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Felicia A Quintana-Zinn, Brian W Whitcomb, Alayne G Ronnenberg, Carol Bigelow, Serena C Houghton, Elizabeth R Bertone-Johnson
BACKGROUND: Approximately 80% of reproductive age women experience physical or emotional symptoms before onset of menses. Of these women, ∼20% experience symptoms severe enough to interfere with social functioning and life activities, and meet clinical criteria for premenstrual syndrome (PMS). More than 100 different symptoms are associated with PMS. Symptom groupings tend to be stable within an individual, but vary distinctly between women. Potential differences in the etiology of symptoms suggest that PMS may have subtypes that represent distinct entities...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646784/premenstrual-mood-and-empathy-after-a-single-light-therapy-session
#13
Marije Aan Het Rot, Kristina Miloserdov, Anna L F Buijze, Ybe Meesters, Marijke C M Gordijn
To examine whether acute changes in cognitive empathy might mediate the impact of light therapy on mood, we assessed the effects of a single light-therapy session on mood and cognitive empathy in 48 premenstrual women, including 17 who met Premenstrual Symptoms Screening Tool criteria for moderate-to-severe premenstrual syndrome / premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMS/PMDD). Using a participant-blind between-groups design, 23 women underwent 30min of morning light therapy (5,000lx; blue-enriched polychromatic light, 17,000K) while 25 women had a sham session (200lx, polychromatic light, 5,000K)...
June 16, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642801/differences-in-the-tongue-features-of-primary-dysmenorrhea-patients-and-controls-over-a-normal-menstrual-cycle
#14
Jihye Kim, Haebeom Lee, Hyunho Kim, Jong Yeol Kim, Keun Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to investigate the relationships between tongue features and the existence of menstrual pain and to provide basic information regarding the changes in tongue features during a menstrual cycle. METHODS: This study was conducted at the Kyung Hee University Medical Center. Forty-eight eligible participants aged 20 to 29 years were enrolled and assigned to two groups according to their visual analogue scale (VAS) scores. Group A included 24 females suffering from primary dysmenorrhea (PD) caused by qi stagnation and blood stasis syndrome with VAS ≥ 4...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638292/combined-oral-contraceptive-pill-initiation-in-a-patient-with-major-depressive-disorder-premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder-social-anxiety-panic-disorder-and-histrionic-personality-disorder
#15
Cody Roi, Erich J Conrad
BACKGROUND: Comorbid psychiatric conditions present an added layer of challenge in managing patients, as each condition and associated set of symptoms exacerbate the complexity of the overall presentation. Premenopausal women may be at particular risk for inadequate care, as their comorbid conditions may present overlapping symptoms and mask independent premenstrual symptoms. The prevalence of premenstrual dysphoric disorder and associated conditions can be as high as 8% in women of reproductive age...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637048/use-of-light-therapy-by-office-based-physicians
#16
Edda Winkler-Pjrek, Marie Spies, Pia Baldinger-Melich, Lisa Perkmann, Siegfried Kasper, Dietmar Winkler
BACKGROUND: Light therapy (LT) is a non-pharmacological biological treatment that has been used in psychiatry since the 1980s. Previous research has investigated the usage of LT in hospitals. The aim of this study was to examine the pattern of use of LT by office-based physicians. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent by mail to 400 randomly selected doctors in Austria. We made sure that the sample was equally representative of general practitioners (GPs) and psychiatrists, public health service doctors and private doctors, physicians in cities and in the country as well as male and female doctors...
2016: Neuropsychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635534/exploring-premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder-pmdd-in-the-work-context-a-qualitative-study
#17
Claire Hardy, Jenna Hardie
This study aims to explore women's experience of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) in the workplace, and identify if organizations can do anything to help. Analysis of 15 semi-structured interviews, using an inductive thematic analysis approach, revealed the most common symptoms women experience at work include difficulty in concentrating, self-doubt, paranoia, fatigue, tearfulness, a heightened sensitivity to the environment and people, outbursts, and finding social interaction particularly difficult during this premenstrual "episode" phase...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630874/mental-and-reproductive-health-correlates-of-academic-performance-among-debre-berhan-university-female-students-ethiopia-the-case-of-premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder
#18
Sisay Mulugeta Alemu, Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold, Yohannes Gebreegziabhere Haile
BACKGROUND: Globally 3 to 8% of reproductive age women are suffering from premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). Several mental and reproductive health-related factors cause low academic achievement during university education. However, limited data exist in Ethiopia. The aim of the study was to investigate mental and reproductive health correlates of academic performance. METHODS: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted with 667 Debre Berhan University female students from April to June 2015...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617173/premenstrual-syndrome-in-university-students-its-correlation-with-their-attitudes-toward-gender-roles
#19
Safiye Temel, Fusun Terzioglu, Gulten Isik Koc
INTRODUCTION: Psychosocial factors causing premenstrual syndrome (PMS) are closely correlated with gender. Thus, this study's aim was to identify correlations between gender role attitudes (GRA) and PMS status of university students. METHODS: The participants of this descriptive study were 1515 female students from 13 departments of Hacettepe University using stratified sampling method. Data were collected between February and May 2014 using a semi-structured questionnaire, the Premenstrual Syndrome Scale (PMSS), and the Gender Roles Attitude Scale (GRAS)...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596097/menstrual-cycle-vocal-performance-and-laryngeal-vascular-appearance-an-observational-study-on-17-subjects
#20
Hagit Shoffel-Havakuk, Narin N Carmel-Neiderman, Doron Halperin, Yael Shapira Galitz, Dan Levin, Yaara Haimovich, Oded Cohen, Jean Abitbol, Yonatan Lahav
OBJECTIVE: To assess the anatomical and functional features of the vocal folds during different phases of the female menstrual cycle. METHODS: An observational study of 17 healthy fertile female volunteers not using hormonal contraception was carried out. Each volunteer underwent two examinations: first, during the early days of the menstrual cycle when progesterone levels are low (p-depletion), and second, during premenstruation when progesterone levels are high (p-peak)...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
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