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Maroua Ben Amira, Robin Mom, David Lopez, Hatem Chaar, Ali Khouaja, Valérie Pujade-Renaud, Boris Fumanal, Aurélie Gousset-Dupont, Gisèle Bronner, Philippe Label, Jean-Louis Julien, Mohamed Ali Triki, Daniel Auguin, Jean-Stéphane Venisse
Major intrinsic proteins (MIP) are characterized by a transmembrane pore-type architecture that facilitates transport across biomembranes of water and a variety of low molecular weight solutes. They are found in all parts of life, with remarkable protein diversity. Very little is known about MIP from fungi. And yet, it can legitimately be stated that MIP are pivotal molecular components in the privileged relationships fungi enjoy with plants or soil fauna in various environments. To date, MIP have never been studied in a mycoparasitism situation...
2018: PloS One
Huisheng Wu, Chaoliang Tang, Lydia Wai Tai, Weifeng Yao, Peipei Guo, Junmou Hong, Xin Yang, Xinyi Li, Zhao Jin, Jianjuan Ke, Yanlin Wang
Background & Aims:  Ischemic stroke has been ranked the second cause of death in patients worldwide.Inflammation which is activated during cerebral ischemia/reperfusion is an important mechanism leading to brain injury. This study aimed to investigate the effect of flurbiprofen axetil on cerebral I/R injury and the role of inflammation in this process. Methods:  Rats were subjected to sham operation or global cerebral I/R with or without flurbiprofen axetil (5 mg/kg or 10 mg/kg). Global cerebral ischemia was achieved by occlusion of bilateral common carotid arteries combined with hypotension for 20 min followed by reperfusion for 72 h...
March 14, 2018: Bioscience Reports
Yuan Sheng Tao, Shang Guo Piao, Ying Shun Jin, Ji Zhe Jin, Hai Lan Zheng, Hai Yan Zhao, Sun Woo Lim, Chul Woo Yang, Can Li
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence suggests that a decrease in brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) level induces a variety of psychiatric and neurological disorders. However, the expression and role of BDNF in the kidney have not been explored. The present study examined the expression of BDNF and tropomyosin-related kinase (Trk) receptors in an experimental model of chronic cyclosporine A (CsA) nephropathy. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats on a salt-deplete diet were treated daily for four weeks with vehicle or CsA...
March 14, 2018: BMC Nephrology
Jianping Zhang, Meiping Yan, Wei Gu, Ao Chen, Jie Liu, Lexing Li, Songlin Zhang, Guoquan Liu
Aquaporins (AQPs) and Na,K-ATPase control water transport across the air space-capillary barrier in the distal lung and play an important role in the formation and resolution of lung edema. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) infection usually causes pulmonary inflammation and edema in the infected pig lungs. To investigate the possibility that PRRSV infection may cause altered expression of AQPs and Na,K-ATPase messenger RNA (mRNA) levels and protein expression of AQP1, AQP5, and Na,K-ATPase in the PRRSV-infected pig lungs were detected...
March 12, 2018: Inflammation
J Kabutomori, O Beloto-Silva, R R Geyer, R Musa-Aziz
Xenopus laevis oocytes are a valuable tool for investigating the function of membrane proteins. However, regulations around the world, specifically in Brazil, render the import of Xenopus laevis frogs impractical, and, in some cases, impossible. Here, as an alternative, we evaluate the usefulness of the North American aquatic bullfrog Lithobates catesebeianus , which is commercially available in Brazil, for the heterologous expression of aquaporin (AQP) proteins. We have developed a method that combines a brief collagenase treatment and mechanical defolliculation for isolating individual oocytes from Lithobates ovaries...
March 12, 2018: Biology Open
Amandine Jullienne, Andrew M Fukuda, Aleksandra Ichkova, Nina Nishiyama, Justine Aussudre, André Obenaus, Jérôme Badaut
Aquaporins (AQPs) facilitate water diffusion through the plasma membrane. Brain aquaporin-4 (AQP4) is present in astrocytes and has critical roles in normal and disease physiology. We previously showed that a 24.9% decrease in AQP4 expression after in vivo silencing resulted in a 45.8% decrease in tissue water mobility as interpreted from magnetic resonance imaging apparent diffusion coefficients (ADC). Similar to previous in vitro studies we show decreased expression of the gap junction protein connexin 43 (Cx43) in vivo after intracortical injection of siAQP4 in the rat...
March 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
Adriana Fernanda K Vizuete, Fernanda Hansen, Elisa Negri, Marina Concli Leite, Diogo Losch de Oliveira, Carlos-Alberto Gonçalves
BACKGROUND: Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is the most common form of partial epilepsy and is accompanied, in one third of cases, by resistance to antiepileptic drugs (AED). Most AED target neuronal activity modulated by ionic channels, and the steroid sensitivity of these channels has supported the use of corticosteroids as adjunctives to AED. Assuming the importance of astrocytes in neuronal activity, we investigated inflammatory and astroglial markers in the hippocampus, a key structure affected in TLE and in the Li-pilocarpine model of epilepsy...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Yangmin X Kim, Kosala Ranathunge, Seulbi Lee, Yejin Lee, Deogbae Lee, Jwakyung Sung
The present review examines recent experimental findings in root transport phenomena in terms of the composite transport model (CTM). It has been a well-accepted conceptual model to explain the complex water and solute flows across the root that has been related to the composite anatomical structure. There are three parallel pathways involved in the transport of water and solutes in roots - apoplast, symplast, and transcellular paths. The role of aquaporins (AQPs), which facilitate water flows through the transcellular path, and root apoplast is examined in terms of the CTM...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Rosaria Meli, Claudio Pirozzi, Alessandra Pelagalli
Aquaporins (AQPs) are emerging, in the last few decades, as critical proteins regulating water fluid homeostasis in cells involved in inflammation. AQPs represent a family of ubiquitous membrane channels that regulate osmotically water flux in various tissues and sometimes the transport of small solutes, including glycerol. Extensive data indicate that AQPs, working as water channel proteins, regulate not only cell migration, but also common events essential for inflammatory response. The involvement of AQPs in several inflammatory processes, as demonstrated by their dysregulation both in human and animal diseases, identifies their new role in protection and response to different noxious stimuli, including bacterial infection...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Mingyu Ding, Jing Li, Xinyue Fan, Fang He, Xiaoyang Yu, Lei Chen, Shenshen Zou, Yuancun Liang, Jinfeng Yu
The Ascomycete fungus Fusarium graminearum, the causal agent of Fusarium head blight of wheat and barley, has become a predominant model organism for the study of fungal phytopathogens. Aquaporins (AQPs) have been implicated in the transport of water, glycerol, and a variety of other small molecules in yeast, plants and animals. However, the role of these proteins in phytopathogenic fungi is not well understood. Here, we identified and attempted to elucidate the function of the five aquaporin genes in F. graminearum...
March 3, 2018: Current Genetics
Yan Tan, Hui Zhang, Xiao-Chun Wang, Jiang-Bo Qin, Le Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the value of multi ultra-high-b-value diffusion weighted imaging (UHBV-DWI) in differentiating high grade astrocytomas (HGA) from low grade astrocytomas (LHA), analyze its association with aquaporin (AQP) expression. METHODS: Forty astrocytomas which divided into LGA (N = 15) and HGA (N = 25) were studied. Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and UHBV-ADC values in solid parts and peritumoral edema were compared between LGA and HGA groups by the t-test...
February 27, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
Vincent J Huber, Hironaka Igarashi, Satoshi Ueki, Ingrid L Kwee, Tsutomu Nakada
The blood-brain barrier (BBB), which imposes significant water permeability restriction, effectively isolates the brain from the systemic circulation. Seemingly paradoxical, the abundance of aquaporin-4 (AQP-4) on the inside of the BBB strongly indicates the presence of unique water dynamics essential for brain function. On the basis of the highly specific localization of AQP-4, namely, astrocyte end feet at the glia limitans externa and pericapillary Virchow-Robin space, we hypothesized that the AQP-4 system serves as an interstitial fluid circulator, moving interstitial fluid from the glia limitans externa to pericapillary Virchow-Robin space to ensure proper glymphatic flow draining into the cerebrospinal fluid...
February 23, 2018: Neuroreport
Mandika Chetry, Saisai Li, Hailing Liu, Xiaoli Hu, Xueqiong Zhu
Background Aquaporins (AQPs), a family of transmembrane channel, are composed of 13 identified members (AQP0-12). Accumulating evidences reported that AQPs were correlated with various biological roles and represented a prognostic predictor in various cancer types. However, the prognostic value of AQPs expression in ovarian cancer remains unclear.  Methods Using 'Kaplan-Meier plotter' (KM plotter) online database, we explored the predictive prognostic value of individual AQPs members' mRNA expression to overall survival (OS) in different clinical data, such as histology, pathological grades, clinical stages, TP53 status, and applied chemotherapy in ovarian cancer patients...
February 22, 2018: Bioscience Reports
Xuefeng Zhang, Yun Chen, Liming Dong, Benkang Shi
The occurrence of resistance to mitomycin C (MMC) often limits its clinical effectiveness. Combination therapy thus is employed to overcome this treatment resistance. The present study aimed to establish a novel J82 bladder cancer cell line so as to study the effect of inhibition of aquaporin 1 (AQP-1) on chemotherapy sensitivity of J82 bladder cancer cells. A novel J82 bladder cancer cell line whose expression of AQP-1 is inhibited was established through transfection of J82 cells with newly constructed recombinant plasmid...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
Inês Vieira da Silva, Joana S Rodrigues, Irene Rebelo, Joana P G Miranda, Graça Soveral
The metabolic syndrome (MetS) includes a group of medical conditions such as insulin resistance (IR), dyslipidemia and hypertension, all associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Increased visceral and ectopic fat deposition are also key features in the development of IR and MetS, with pathophysiological sequels on adipose tissue, liver and muscle. The recent recognition of aquaporins (AQPs) involvement in adipose tissue homeostasis has opened new perspectives for research in this field...
February 20, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
Andreas Kirscht, Yonathan Sonntag, Per Kjellbom, Urban Johanson
BACKGROUND: Aquaporins (AQPs) facilitate the passage of small neutral polar molecules across membranes of the cell. In animals there are four distinct AQP subfamilies, whereof AQP8 homologues constitute one of the smallest subfamilies with just one member in man. AQP8 conducts water, ammonia, urea, glycerol and H2 O2 through various membranes of animal cells. This passive channel has been connected to a number of phenomena, such as volume change of mitochondria, ammonia neurotoxicity, and mitochondrial dysfunction related to oxidative stress...
February 17, 2018: BMC Structural Biology
Katharina Rump, Michael Adamzik
Background: Sepsis is a common cause of death in intensive care units worldwide. Due to the high complexity of this immunological syndrome development of novel therapeutic strategies is urgent. Promising drug targets or biomarkers may depict aquaporins (AQPs) as they regulate crucial key mechanisms of sepsis. Main body: Here we report on base of the current literature that several AQPs are involved in different physiological processes of sepsis. In immune system mainly AQPs 3, 5 and 9 seem to be important, as they regulate the migration of different immune cells...
2018: Cell & Bioscience
Rosanna Avola, Adriana Carol Eleonora Graziano, Giovanna Pannuzzo, Ferdaous Albouchi, Venera Cardile
The purpose of this research was to explore the behavior of aquaporins (AQPs) in an in vitro model of Parkinson's disease that is a recurrent neurodegenerative disorder caused by the gradual, progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta. Because of postmortem studies have provided evidences for oxidative damage and alteration of water flow and energy metabolism, we carried out an investigation about AQP4 and 9, demonstrated in the brain to maintain water and energy homeostasis...
February 8, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences
Timothée Laloux, Bruna Junqueira, Laurie C Maistriaux, Jahed Ahmed, Agnieszka Jurkiewicz, François Chaumont
Aquaporins (AQPs) constitute an ancient and diverse protein family present in all living organisms, indicating a common ancient ancestor. However, during evolution, these organisms appear and evolve differently, leading to different cell organizations and physiological processes. Amongst the eukaryotes, an important distinction between plants and animals is evident, the most conspicuous difference being that plants are sessile organisms facing ever-changing environmental conditions. In addition, plants are mostly autotrophic, being able to synthesize carbohydrates molecules from the carbon dioxide in the air during the process of photosynthesis, using sunlight as an energy source...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Yang Yang, Chun-Juan Wang, Bao-Jie Wang, Zi-Ling Zeng, Shou-Gang Guo
OBJECTIVE: To observe and compare the efficacy and tolerability of azathioprine (AZA), mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and lower dosages of rituximab (RTX) among patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder. METHODS: In this prospective cohort, AQP4-IgG-seropositive patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) were enrolled and randomly divided into three groups, using AZA, MMF or lower dosages of RTX (defined as 100mg RTX intravenous injection, once per week for 4 consecutive weeks) respectively...
February 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
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