Read by QxMD icon Read

Professional intuition

T Shaw, P Yates, B Moore, K Ash, L Nolte, M Krishnasamy, J Nicholson, M Rynderman, J Avery, M Jefford
Cancer survivorship is recognised globally as a key issue. In spite of the key role played by nurses in survivorship care, there is an identified gap in nurse's knowledge in this area. This study reports on the development and evaluation of an educational resource for nurses working with people affected by cancer. The resource was designed using adult learning principles and includes a variety of learning materials and point of care resources. A mixed-methods sequential exploratory design was used to undertake an evaluation of the programme...
October 10, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
Ayşen Esen Danacı, Kuzeymen Balıkçı, Orkun Aydın, Cengiz Cengisiz, A Burak Uykur
OBJECTIVE: It has been widely acknowledged that the community and health professionals hold negative attitudes toward patients with impaired mental health. This constitutes a majör obstacle for those patients in coping with their disease, managing their care, and hence regulating their lives. Although studies carried out in Turkey document the presence of stigma, they provide limited information about the ways for solving this problem. Drawing on the litrature, the present study investigated the effect of medical education on stigmatization...
2016: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
R M D Smyth, W Taylor, A E Heazell, C Furber, M Whitworth, T Lavender
BACKGROUND: Worldwide maternal perception of fetal movements has been used for many years to evaluate fetal wellbeing. It is intuitively regarded as an expression of fetal well-being as pregnancies in which women consistently report regular fetal movements have very low morbidity and mortality. Conversely, maternal perception of reduced fetal movements is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. We sought to gain insight into pregnant women's and clinicians views and experiences of reduced movements...
September 26, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Alberto M Marchevsky, Ann E Walts, Mark R Wick
Evidence-based pathology (EBP) advocates using a combination of best available data ("evidence") from the literature and personal experience for the diagnosis, estimation of prognosis and assessment of other variables that impact individual patient care. EBP relies on systematic reviews of the literature, evaluation of the quality of evidence as categorized by evidence levels and statistical tools such as meta-analyses, estimates of probabilities and odds, and others. However, it is well known that previously "statistically significant" information usually does not accurately forecast the future for individual patients...
September 20, 2016: Human Pathology
Eduardo N Novais, Stephen Duncan, Jeffrey Nepple, Gail Pashos, Perry L Schoenecker, John C Clohisy
BACKGROUND: The goal of periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is to improve the insufficient coverage of the femoral head and achieve joint stability without creating secondary femoroacetabular impingement. However, the complex tridimensional morphology of the dysplastic acetabulum presents a challenge to restoration of normal radiographic parameters. Accurate acetabular correction is important to achieve long-term function and pain improvement. There are limited data about the proportion of patients who have normal radiographic parameters restored after PAO and the factors associated with under- and overcorrection...
September 19, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Rosa Jiménez-Paneque
The use of p-value and statistical significance have been questioned since the early 80s in the last century until today. Much has been discussed about it in the field of statistics and its applications, especially in Epidemiology and Public Health. As a matter of fact, the p-value and its equivalent, statistical significance, are difficult concepts to grasp for the many health professionals some way involved in research applied to their work areas. However, its meaning should be clear in intuitive terms although it is based on theoretical concepts of the field of Statistics...
2016: Medwave
Philip G Griffiths, Robert H Taylor, Lisa M Henderson, Brendan T Barrett
PURPOSE: There are many anecdotal claims and research reports that coloured lenses and overlays improve reading performance. Here we present the results of a systematic review of this literature and examine the quality of the evidence. METHODS: We systematically reviewed the literature concerning the effect of coloured lenses or overlays on reading performance by searching the PsychInfo, Medline and Embase databases. This revealed 51 published items (containing 54 data sets)...
September 2016: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
Zachary Tosi, Jeffrey Yoshimi
Simbrain 3.0 is a software package for neural network design and analysis, which emphasizes flexibility (arbitrarily complex networks can be built using a suite of basic components) and a visually rich, intuitive interface. These features support both students and professionals. Students can study all of the major classes of neural networks in a familiar graphical setting, and can easily modify simulations, experimenting with networks and immediately seeing the results of their interventions. With the 3.0 release, Simbrain supports models on the order of thousands of neurons and a million synapses...
November 2016: Neural Networks: the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society
Julie Williams Merten, Alexander Parker, Adrienne Williams, Jessica L King, Erin Largo-Wight, Morsal Osmani
Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the USA. Incidence and mortality rates for cancer have risen steadily and cost the healthcare system over $264 billion annually. Cancer risk can be reduced by restricting alcohol consumption, avoiding tobacco, eating a balanced diet, limiting sun exposure, exercising, and seeking routine cancer screenings. The purpose of this study is to examine cancer risk factor knowledge among college students. Researchers surveyed undergraduate and graduate students (n = 758) at a mid-sized public university in the Southeast about their knowledge regarding cancer risk factors including smoking, alcohol consumption, diet, obesity, hypertension, and human papillomavirus (HPV)...
August 6, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Christine Ma-Kellams, Jennifer Lerner
Cultivating successful personal and professional relationships requires the ability to accurately infer the feelings of others-that is, to be empathically accurate. Some are better at this than others, a difference which may be explained in part by mode of thought. Specifically, empathically accurate people may tend to rely more on intuitive rather than systematic thought when perceiving others. Or it may be the reverse: systematic thought may increase empathic accuracy. To determine which view is supported by the evidence, we conducted 4 studies examining relations between mode of thought (intuitive vs...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Elise Carbonneau, Catherine Bégin, Simone Lemieux, Lyne Mongeau, Marie-Claude Paquette, Mylène Turcotte, Marie-Ève Labonté, Véronique Provencher
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Health at Every Size(®) (HAES(®)) interventions focus on healthy lifestyle by promoting behavioral changes related to diet and physical activity while emphasizing self-acceptance and well-being through an empowerment and intuitive approach. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a HAES(®) program on intuitive eating and diet quality in women. METHODS: The HAES(®) intervention, offered by professionals from Health and Social Services Centers in Quebec (Canada), was composed of thirteen 3-h weekly meetings and a 6-h intensive day...
June 18, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Sofia Wenzler, Sarah Levine, Rolf van Dick, Viola Oertel-Knöchel, Hillel Aviezer
According to psychological models as well as common intuition, intense positive and negative situations evoke highly distinct emotional expressions. Nevertheless, recent work has shown that when judging isolated faces, the affective valence of winning and losing professional tennis players is hard to differentiate. However, expressions produced by professional athletes during publicly broadcasted sports events may be strategically controlled. To shed light on this matter we examined if ordinary people's spontaneous facial expressions evoked during highly intense situations are diagnostic for the situational valence...
September 2016: Emotion
Ronald Sladky, Irene Stepniczka, Edzard Boland, Martin Tik, Claus Lamm, André Hoffmann, Jan-Philipp Buch, Dominik Niedermeier, Joris Field, Christian Windischberger
Airline pilots and similar professions require reliable spatial cognition abilities, such as mental imagery of static and moving three-dimensional objects in space. A well-known task to investigate these skills is the Shepard and Metzler mental rotation task (SMT), which is also frequently used during pre-assessment of pilot candidates. Despite the intuitive relationship between real-life spatial cognition and SMT, several studies have challenged its predictive value. Here we report on a novel instrument interpretation task (IIT) based on a realistic attitude indicator used in modern aircrafts that was designed to bridge the gap between the abstract SMT and a cockpit environment...
2016: Scientific Reports
Uta Dahmen, Christine Schulze, Claudia Schindler, Katharina Wick, Dominique Schwartze, Andrea Veit, Ulrich Smolenski
INTRODUCTION: Interprofessional collaboration is crucial to the optimization of patient care. AIM: This paper aims to provide recommendations for implementing an innovative constructivist educational concept with the core element of video-based self-assessment. METHODOLOGY: A course for students in medicine, physiotherapy, and nursing was developed through interprofessional, cross-institutional collaboration. The course consisted of drawing on prior knowledge about the work done by each professional group in regard to a specific clinical scenario and an interprofessional treatment situation, filming a role play of this treatment situation, and a structured self-assessment of the role play...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Eivind Engebretsen, Kristin Heggen, Sietse Wieringa, Trisha Greenhalgh
The evidence-based practice and evidence-based medicine (EBM) movements have promoted standardization through guideline development methodologies based on systematic reviews and meta-analyses of best available research. EBM has challenged clinicians to question their reliance on practical reasoning and clinical judgement. In this paper, we argue that the protagonists of EBM position their mission as reducing uncertainty through the use of standardized methods for knowledge evaluation and use. With this drive towards uniformity, standardization and control comes a suspicion towards intuition, creativity and uncertainty as integral parts of medical practice...
June 3, 2016: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
Julie T Schaefer, Melissa D Zullo
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to develop and assess the construct validity of a tool to measure knowledge, attitudes and practices of registered dietitians/nutritionists (RD/N) regarding an intuitive eating lifestyle. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study design that utilized a survey administered to a random sample and remaining full population of RD/N. SETTING: A national survey conducted via online survey software. SUBJECTS: A random sample of 10 % of all RD/N in the USA (n 8834) was invited to participate...
June 1, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Amanda Peters, Meredith Vanstone, Sandra Monteiro, Geoff Norman, Jonathan Sherbino, Matthew Sibbald
According to the dual process model of reasoning, physicians make diagnostic decisions using two mental systems: System 1, which is rapid, unconscious, and intuitive, and System 2, which is slow, rational, and analytical. Currently, little is known about physicians' use of System 1 or intuitive reasoning in practice. In a qualitative study of clinical reasoning, physicians were asked to tell stories about times when they used intuitive reasoning while working up an acutely unwell patient, and we combine socio-narratology and rhetorical theory to analyze physicians' stories...
May 23, 2016: Qualitative Health Research
Willem Brinkman, Isabel de Angst, Henk Schreuder, Barbara Schout, Werner Draaisma, Lisanne Verweij, Ad Hendrikx, Henk van der Poel
INTRODUCTION: The following research questions were answered: (1) What are the training pathways followed by the current robot professionals? (2) Are there any differences between the surgical specialties in robot training and robot use? (3) What is their opinion about multidisciplinary basic skills training? METHODS: An online questionnaire was sent to 91 robot professionals in The Netherlands. The questionnaire contained 21 multiple-choice questions focusing on demographics, received robot training, and their opinion on basic skills training in robotic surgery...
May 18, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
José M Abuín, Juan C Pichel, Tomás F Pena, Jorge Amigo
Next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies have led to a huge amount of genomic data that need to be analyzed and interpreted. This fact has a huge impact on the DNA sequence alignment process, which nowadays requires the mapping of billions of small DNA sequences onto a reference genome. In this way, sequence alignment remains the most time-consuming stage in the sequence analysis workflow. To deal with this issue, state of the art aligners take advantage of parallelization strategies. However, the existent solutions show limited scalability and have a complex implementation...
2016: PloS One
Dave Collins, Loel Collins, Howie J Carson
Comprehensive understanding and application of decision making is important for the professional practice and status of sports coaches. Accordingly, building on a strong work base exploring the use of professional judgment and decision making (PJDM) in sport, we report a preliminary investigation into uses of intuition by high-level coaches. Two contrasting groups of high-level coaches from adventure sports (n = 10) and rugby union (n = 8), were interviewed on their experiences of using intuitive and deliberative decision making styles, the source of these skills, and the interaction between the two...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"