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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439086/using-photography-to-enhance-gp-trainees-reflective-practice-and-professional-development
#1
Rutherford, Emer Forde, Jacqueline Priego-Hernandez, Aurelia Butcher, Clare Wedderburn
The capacity and the commitment to reflect are integral to the practice of medicine and are core components of most general practitioners (GP) training programmes. Teaching through the humanities is a growing area within medical education, but one which is often considered a voluntary 'add-on' for the interested doctor. This article describes an evaluation of a highly innovative pedagogical project which used photography as a means to enhance GP trainees' reflective capacity, self-awareness and professional development...
February 8, 2018: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390725/web-based-interactive-drone-control-using-hand-gesture
#2
Zhenfei Zhao, Hao Luo, Guang-Hua Song, Zhou Chen, Zhe-Ming Lu, Xiaofeng Wu
This paper develops a drone control prototype based on web technology with the aid of hand gesture. The uplink control command and downlink data (e.g., video) are transmitted by WiFi communication, and all the information exchange is realized on web. The control command is translated from various predetermined hand gestures. Specifically, the hardware of this friendly interactive control system is composed by a quadrotor drone, a computer vision-based hand gesture sensor, and a cost-effective computer. The software is simplified as a web-based user interface program...
January 2018: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374673/recommendations-for-successful-sensory-screening-in-older-adults-with-dementia-in-long-term-care-a-qualitative-environmental-scan-of-canadian-specialists
#3
Walter Wittich, Fiona Höbler, Jonathan Jarry, Katherine S McGilton
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify screening tools, technologies and strategies that vision and hearing care specialists recommend to front-line healthcare professionals for the screening of older adults in long-term care homes who have dementia. SETTING: An environmental scan of healthcare professionals took place via telephone interviews between December 2015 and March 2016. All interviews were audio recorded, transcribed, proofed for accuracy, and their contents thematically analysed by two members of the research team...
January 26, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325890/calorie-labels-on-the-restaurant-menu-is-the-use-of-weight-control-behaviors-related-to-ordering-decisions
#4
Nicole Larson, Ann F Haynos, Christina A Roberto, Katie A Loth, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
BACKGROUND: There is emerging evidence that calorie information on restaurant menus does not similarly influence the ordering decisions of all population groups and may have unintended consequences for individuals who struggle with disordered eating or other weight-related concerns. OBJECTIVE: This study describes demographic patterns in the use of calorie information on restaurant menus and investigates relationships between using this information to limit calorie intake and measures of restaurant visit frequency and weight-related concerns and behavior...
January 8, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285000/exploring-the-added-value-of-women-health-care-managers-in-poland
#5
Katarzyna Czabanowska, Alicja Domagała, Stavroula Kalaitzi, Aleksandra Krogulec, Genc Burazeri, Suzanne Babich
Introduction: Female managers in the Polish health care system are seldom a subject of scientific investigation. Material and Methods: This study describes the share and profile of women in health care management positions and explores how and why Polish female health care managers add value to the leadership of health care organizations. Three data collection methods were used including: scoping review, analysis of data from governmental information bases and in-depth interviews with female health care managers...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276019/nutrition-facts-use-in-relation-to-eating-behaviors-and-healthy-and-unhealthy-weight-control-behaviors
#6
Mary J Christoph, Katie A Loth, Marla E Eisenberg, Ann F Haynos, Nicole Larson, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
OBJECTIVE: Investigate the relationship between use of Nutrition Facts labels on packaged foods and weight-related behaviors. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey in 2015-2016. PARTICIPANTS: Young adult respondents (n = 1,817; 57% women; average age 31.0 ± 1.6 years) to the Project Eating and Activity in Teens and Young Adults-IV survey, the fourth wave of a longitudinal cohort study. VARIABLES MEASURED: Use of Nutrition Facts labels on packaged foods; healthy, unhealthy, and extreme weight control behaviors; intuitive eating; binge eating...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234482/roads-to-health-in-developing-countries-understanding-the-intersection-of-culture-and-healing
#7
REVIEW
S Ibeneme, G Eni, A Ezuma, G Fortwengel
Background: The most important attribute to which all human beings aspire is good health because it enables us to undertake different forms of activities of daily living. The emergence of scientific knowledge in Western societies has enabled scientists to explore and define several parameters of health by drawing boundaries around factors that are known to influence the attainment of good health. For example, the World Health Organization defined health by taking physical and psychological factors into consideration...
2017: Current Therapeutic Research, Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214014/influence-of-perceived-difficulty-of-cases-on-student-osteopaths-diagnostic-reasoning-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Aurelien L Noyer, Jorge E Esteves, Oliver P Thomson
Background: Diagnostic reasoning refers to the cognitive processes by which clinicians formulate diagnoses. Despite the implications for patient safety and professional identity, research on diagnostic reasoning in osteopathy remains largely theoretical. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of perceived task difficulty on the diagnostic reasoning of students osteopaths. Methods: Using a single-blinded, cross sectional study design, sixteen final year pre-registration osteopathy students diagnosed two standardized cases under two context conditions (complex versus control)...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189494/rethinking-remediation-a-model-to-support-the-detailed-diagnosis-of-clinicians-performance-problems-and-the-development-of-effective-remediation-plans
#9
Linda Prescott-Clements, Vicky Voller, Mark Bell, Natasha Nestors, Cees P M van der Vleuten
The successful remediation of clinicians demonstrating poor performance in the workplace is essential to ensure the provision of safe patient care. Clinicians may develop performance problems for numerous reasons, including health, personal factors, the workplace environment, or outdated knowledge/skills. Performance problems are often complex involving multifactorial issues, encompassing knowledge, skills, and professional behaviors. It is important that (where possible and appropriate) clinicians are supported through effective remediation to return them to safe clinical practice...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166792/staff-views-on-supporting-evidence-based-practice-for-children-with-asd
#10
David Trembath, Rhylee Sulek, Jessica Paynter, Kate Simpson, Deb Keen
PURPOSE: A variety of empirically supported interventions are available for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but previous research suggests that their selection and use within an evidence-based practice (EBP) framework in clinical settings is challenging. To date, research has primarily focused on identifying individual, organisational, and contextual barriers to EBP rather than identifying collaborative solutions to these barriers through consultation with staff. The aim of our study was to explore staff views on supporting EBP in their work with children with ASD...
November 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163313/intuitive-choices-lead-to-intensified-positive-emotions-an-overlooked-reason-for-intuition-bias
#11
Geir Kirkebøen, Gro H H Nordbye
People have, for many well-documented reasons, a tendency to overemphasize their intuitions and to follow them, even when they should not. This "intuition bias" leads to several kinds of specific intuitive biases in judgments and decision making. Previous studies have shown that characteristics of the decision process have a tendency to "leak" into the experience of the choice outcome. We explore whether intuitive choices influence the experience of the choice outcomes differently from "non-intuitive," analytic choices...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130834/the-relationship-between-intuitive-action-choices-and-moral-reasoning-on-animal-ethics-issues-in-students-of-veterinary-medicine-and-other-relevant-professions
#12
Joy M Verrinder, Clive J C Phillips
With growing understanding of animals' capabilities, and public and organizational pressures to improve animal welfare, moral action by veterinarians and other relevant professionals to address animal issues is increasingly important. Little is known about how their action choices relate to their moral reasoning on animal ethics issues. A moral judgment measure, the VetDIT, with three animal and three non-animal scenarios, was used to investigate the action choices of 619 students in five animal- and two non-animal-related professional programs in one Australian university, and how these related to their moral reasoning based on Personal Interest (PI), Maintaining Norms (MN), or Universal Principles (UP) schemas...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129669/effect-of-application-score-strategy-on-interviews-offered-to-postgraduate-year-1-pharmacy-residency-applicants
#13
Milena M McLaughlin, Jill S Borchert, Corey Wilson, Ashley O Jensen, Jacob P Gettig
OBJECTIVES: Residency programs may need to spend a large amount of time on the application review process in order to invite the best candidates for interviews. By using a different scoring strategy, this process could be made more efficient while still resulting in selection of the most appropriate candidates to interview. The objective of this study was to explore hypothetical scoring strategies for past residency applicants and to determine the percentage of these applicants that would have received an interview offer compared with the program's standard scoring strategy...
November 9, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119582/emotions-and-assessment-considerations-for-rater-based-judgements-of-entrustment
#14
Carlos Gomez-Garibello, Meredith Young
CONTEXT: Assessment is subject to increasing scrutiny as medical education transitions towards a competency-based medical education (CBME) model. Traditional perspectives on the roles of assessment emphasise high-stakes, summative assessment, whereas CBME argues for formative assessment. Revisiting conceptualisations about the roles and formats of assessment in medical education provides opportunities to examine understandings and expectations of the assessment of learners. The act of the rater generating scores might be considered as an exclusively cognitive exercise; however, current literature has drawn attention to the notion of raters as measurement instruments, thereby attributing additional factors to their decision-making processes, such as social considerations and intuition...
November 9, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111961/factors-that-may-influence-parent-treatment-decision-making-for-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Parthenia Dinora, Matthew Bogenschutz, Kathleen Lynch
The number of interventions available for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has expanded greatly in recent years, though relatively little is known about the factors that influence family caregivers as they make treatment decisions for their children. This study involved a statewide survey of parents of young children with ASD to examine the relative weights of the factors that influenced their treatment decisions. Results suggested that caregivers rely on their own intuition for much decision making, though selected professionals are also influential...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077619/perceptions-of-risk-and-safety-in-the-icu-a-qualitative-study-of-cognitive-processes-relating-to-staffing
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Danielle M D'Lima, Eleanor J Murray, Stephen J Brett
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to 1) examine individual professionals' perceptions of staffing risks and safe staffing in intensive care and 2) identify and examine the cognitive processes that underlie these perceptions. DESIGN: Qualitative case study methodology with nurses, doctors, and physiotherapists. SETTING: Three mixed medical and surgical adult ICUs, each on a separate hospital site within a 1,200-bed academic, tertiary London hospital group...
January 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076629/what-does-physicians-clinical-expertise-contribute-to-oncologic-decision-making-a-qualitative-interview-study
#17
Sabine Salloch, Ina Otte, Anke Reinacher-Schick, Jochen Vollmann
BACKGROUND: Physicians' clinical expertise forms an exclusive body of competences, which helps them to find the appropriate diagnostics and treatment for each individual patient. Empirical evidence, however, suggests that there is an inverse relationship between the number of years in practice and the quality of care provided by a physician. Knowledge and adherence to professional standards (such as clinical guidelines) are often used as indicators in previous research. METHODS: Semistructured interviews and the Q method were used for an explorative study on oncologists' views on the interplay between their own clinical expertise, intuition, and the external evidence incorporated in clinical guidelines...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075228/the-differential-effects-of-attentional-focus-in-children-with-moderate-and-profound-visual-impairments
#18
Scott W T McNamara, Kevin A Becker, Lisa M Silliman-French
It has been consistently reported that an external focus of attention leads to better motor performance than an internal focus, but no research to date has explored this effect in a population with visual impairments (VI). External focus statements typically reference something in the environment (e.g., target) that may be difficult to conceptualize for people with VI since they cannot generate a visual representation of the object of focus. Internal focus statements could be more closely identifiable with proprioception that is not impaired in this population...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060842/rendering-problem-oriented-ccd-for-chronic-diseases
#19
Sungchul Bae, Do-Youn Lee, Il Kon Kim
Clinical Document Architecture (CDA) is an XML-based clinical document standard designed to ensure data exchange as well as semantic interoperability of healthcare information systems. Continuity care of documents (CCD), a template derived from CDA, is designed with the goal of displaying patient records more intuitively for clinicians, especially for when the patient has a long history of medical care.The rate of chronic patients in the general population has increased as longevity has increased substantially in the past few decades, and the trend towards longer and more complex medical records has made it time-consuming to read patient data even in the CCD document...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060823/intuitive-and-interpretable-visual-communication-of-a-complex-statistical-model-of-disease-progression-and-risk
#20
Jieyi Li, Ognjen Arandjelovic
Computer science and machine learning in particular are increasingly lauded for their potential to aid medical practice. However, the highly technical nature of the state of the art techniques can be a major obstacle in their usability by health care professionals and thus, their adoption and actual practical benefit. In this paper we describe a software tool which focuses on the visualization of predictions made by a recently developed method which leverages data in the form of large scale electronic records for making diagnostic predictions...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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