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nutrition in critically ill children

Jennifer G Jetton, Mark Sorenson
Both acute kidney injury (AKI) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are seen more frequently in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) as advances in supportive care improve the survival of critically ill infants as well as those with severe, congenital kidney and urinary tract anomalies. Many aspects of the infant's care, including fluid balance, electrolyte and mineral homeostasis, acid-base balance, and growth and nutrition require close monitoring by and collaboration among neonatologists, nephrologists, dieticians, and pharmacologists...
October 6, 2016: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Jan Hau Lee, Elizabeth Rogers, Yek Kee Chor, Rujipat Samransamruajkit, Pei Lin Koh, Mohamad Miqdady, Ali Ibrahim Al-Mehaidib, Antonius Pudjiadi, Sunit Singhi, Nilesh M Mehta
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Current practices and available resources for nutrition therapy in paediatric intensive care units (PICUs) in the Asia Pacific-Middle East region are expected to differ from western countries. Existing guidelines for nutrition management in critically ill children may not be directly applicable in this region. This paper outlines consensus statements developed by the Asia Pacific-Middle East Consensus Working Group on Nutrition Therapy in the Paediatric Critical Care Environment...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Joseph A Carcillo, J Michael Dean, Richard Holubkov, John Berger, Kathleen L Meert, Kanwaljeet J S Anand, Jerry J Zimmerman, Christopher J L Newth, Rick Harrison, Jeri Burr, Douglas F Willson, Carol Nicholson, Michael J Bell, Robert A Berg, Thomas P Shanley, Sabrina M Heidemann, Heidi Dalton, Tammara L Jenkins, Allan Doctor, Angie Webster, Robert F Tamburro
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The pediatric Critical Illness Stress-induced Immune Suppression (CRISIS) trial compared the effectiveness of 2 nutraceutical supplementation strategies and found no difference in the development of nosocomial infection and sepsis in the overall population. We performed an exploratory post hoc analysis of interaction between nutraceutical treatments and host immune status related to the development of nosocomial infection/sepsis. METHODS: Children from the CRISIS trial were analyzed according to 3 admission immune status categories marked by decreasing immune competence: immune competent without lymphopenia, immune competent with lymphopenia, and previously immunocompromised...
September 22, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Jacopo Colombo, Isabella Pellicioli, Ezio Bonanomi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Critical Care Medicine
B L Fang, S Y Qian, X L Jia, Z Li, J Liu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the interruptions of enteral nutrition (EN) and it's relationship to prognosis in children with sepsis in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). METHOD: Daily EN intake and reasons for EN interruptions were prospectively observed and recorded in children with sepsis who were admitted to our PICU from November 2012 to April 2013. Clinical prognosis was compared between children with and without EN interruptions by t, rank-sum and χ(2) tests...
September 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
(no author information available yet)
School readiness includes not only the early academic skills of children but also their physical health, language skills, social and emotional development, motivation to learn, creativity, and general knowledge. Families and communities play a critical role in ensuring children's growth in all of these areas and thus their readiness for school. Schools must be prepared to teach all children when they reach the age of school entry, regardless of their degree of readiness. Research on early brain development emphasizes the effects of early experiences, relationships, and emotions on creating and reinforcing the neural connections that are the basis for learning...
September 2016: Pediatrics
Nilesh M Mehta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Alejandro A Floh, Julie Slicker, Steven M Schwartz
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this review are to discuss the challenges of delivering adequate nutrition to children with congenital heart disease, including pre- and postoperative factors and the role of enteral and parenteral nutrition, as well as the evidence supporting current practices. DATA SOURCE: MEDLINE and PubMed. CONCLUSION: Providing adequate nutritional support is paramount for critically ill infants with congenital heart disease, a population at particular risk for malnutrition...
August 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Bruce R Bistrian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Yousheng Li, Yuhua Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Floris Groenendaal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Sascha Verbruggen, Ilse Vanhorebeek, Greet Van den Berghe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Rafaela B Grippa, Paola S Silva, Eliana Barbosa, Nilzete L Bresolin, Nilesh M Mehta, Yara M F Moreno
OBJECTIVES: Critically ill children admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) often are malnourished. The aim of this study was to determine the role of nutritional status on admission as a predictor of the duration of mechanical ventilation in critically ill children. METHODS: This was a single-center, prospective cohort study, including consecutive children (ages 1 mo to 15 y) admitted to a PICU. Demographic characteristics, clinical characteristics, and nutritional status were recorded and patients were followed up until hospital discharge...
May 17, 2016: Nutrition
John A Lucey
There continues to be considerable public debate on the possible benefits regarding the growing popularity of the consumption of raw milk. However, there are significant concerns by regulatory, or public health, organizations like the Food and Drug Administration and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention because of risk of contracting milkborne illnesses if the raw milk is contaminated with human pathogens. This review describes why pasteurization of milk was introduced more than 100 years ago, how pasteurization helped to reduce the incidence of illnesses associated with raw milk consumption, and the prevalence of pathogens in raw milk...
July 2015: Nutrition Today
Karen Rosenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: American Journal of Nursing
Sidharth Kumar Sethi, Norma Maxvold, Timothy Bunchman, Pranaw Jha, Vijay Kher, Rupesh Raina
Acute kidney injury (AKI) in critically ill children is frequently a component of the multiple organ failure syndrome. It occurs within the framework of the severe catabolic phase determined by critical illness and is intensified by metabolic derangements. Nutritional support is a must for these children to improve outcomes. Meeting the special nutritional needs of these children often requires nutritional supplementation by either the enteral or the parenteral route. Since critically ill children with AKI comprise a heterogeneous group of subjects with varying nutrient needs, nutritional requirements should be frequently reassessed, individualized and carefully integrated with renal replacement therapy...
June 20, 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Mette M Berger, Olivier Pantet
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: After major progress in the 1980s of burn resuscitation resulting, the last years' research has focused on modulation of metabolic response and optimization of substrate utilization. The persisting variability of clinical practice is confirmed and results in difficult comparisons between burn centers. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent research explores intracellular mechanisms of the massive metabolic turmoil observed after burns: very early alterations at the mitochondrial level largely explain the hypermetabolic response, with a diminished coupling of oxygen consumption and ATP production...
August 2016: Current Opinion in Critical Care
Enid E Martinez, Nilesh M Mehta
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Nutritional status and nutrient delivery during critical illness impact clinical outcomes. We have reviewed recent studies that may guide best practices regarding nutrition therapy in critically ill children. RECENT FINDINGS: Malnutrition is prevalent in the pediatric ICU population, and is associated with worse outcomes. Nutrition support teams, dedicated dietitians, and educational programs facilitate surveillance for existing malnutrition and nutrition risk, but specific tools for the pediatric ICU population are lacking...
August 2016: Current Opinion in Critical Care
Marcella Dos Reis Santos, Heitor Pons Leite, Aline Maria Luiz Pereira, Bruna Dell'Acqua Cassão, Simone Brasil de Oliveira Iglesias
OBJECTIVE: Children admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) are at risk of not meeting their nutritional requirements. This study aimed to identify factors associated with failure to meet the dietary recommended intake (DRI) of zinc, selenium, cholecalciferol, and thiamine in critically ill children receiving enteral tube feeding during their stay in the ICU. METHODS: We analyzed prospectively 260 cases, corresponding to 206 patients who received enteral tube feeding for a minimum of 3 days up to 10 days during the first 10 d of ICU stay...
November 2016: Nutrition
Peter J M Weijs
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Protein delivery in the critically ill still is a highly debated issue. Here, we discuss only the most recent updates in the literature concerning protein nutrition of the critically ill. RECENT FINDINGS: Up to now, there are no randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published on enteral provision of protein that were randomized for protein level of intake. In the past year, there have been two new observational studies published, one of which in critically ill children...
August 2016: Current Opinion in Critical Care
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