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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206837/pilot-study-of-veterinary-student-mindset-and-association-with-academic-performance-and-perceived-stress
#1
Margaret V Root Kustritz
Individuals with a growth mindset believe that all failures are opportunities and that their baseline intelligence and talent can be used for continuous improvement. Individuals with a fixed mindset believe that baseline intelligence and talent cannot be developed. A growth mindset is associated with greater academic success and greater resilience in the face of failure or stress. Second-year veterinary students completed three surveys to determine mindset, perceived levels of stress, and life change score...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206831/exploring-the-link-between-mindset-and-psychological-well-being-among-veterinary-students
#2
Rachel E Whittington, Susan Rhind, Daphne Loads, Ian Handel
This study set out to improve our understanding of potential pedagogical factors that may influence the mental health of veterinary students. Previous research has demonstrated that the type of feedback given to children by parents and teachers can strongly influence young people's beliefs in their ability to modify their intelligence-their "mindset." There is also evidence that we can change the mindset of students relating to their intelligence by changing the methods by which we teach and assess. We used a paper-based questionnaire to assess mindset and psychological well-being in veterinary students (n=148)...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199057/a-mindset-for-career-curiosity-emerging-leaders-working-in-the-digital-space
#3
Mallory Bower, Peter Konwerski
This chapter addresses the rapid growth of American industry and a proposed framework-the mindset for career curiosity-that can be used to prepare students for quickly evolving 21st-century digital work environments.
March 2017: New Directions for Student Leadership
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131929/neural-evidence-for-enhanced-attention-to-mistakes-among-school-aged-children-with-a-growth-mindset
#4
Hans S Schroder, Megan E Fisher, Yanli Lin, Sharon L Lo, Judith H Danovitch, Jason S Moser
Individuals who believe intelligence is malleable (a growth mindset) are better able to bounce back from failures than those who believe intelligence is immutable. Event-related potential (ERP) studies among adults suggest this resilience is related to increased attention allocation to errors. Whether this mechanism is present among young children remains unknown, however. We therefore evaluated error-monitoring ERPs among 123 school-aged children while they completed a child-friendly go/no-go task. As expected, higher attention allocation to errors (indexed by larger error positivity, Pe) predicted higher post-error accuracy...
January 16, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120622/the-role-of-stress-mindset-in-shaping-cognitive-emotional-and-physiological-responses-to-challenging-and-threatening-stress
#5
Alia J Crum, Modupe Akinola, Ashley Martin, Sean Fath
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Prior research suggests that altering situation-specific evaluations of stress as challenging versus threatening can improve responses to stress. The aim of the current study was to explore whether cognitive, physiological and affective stress responses can be altered independent of situation-specific evaluations by changing individuals' mindsets about the nature of stress in general. DESIGN: Using a 2 × 2 design, we experimentally manipulated stress mindset using multi-media film clips orienting participants (N = 113) to either the enhancing or debilitating nature of stress...
January 25, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018251/effect-of-growth-mindset-on-school-engagement-and-psychological-well-being-of-chinese-primary-and-middle-school-students-the-mediating-role-of-resilience
#6
Guang Zeng, Hanchao Hou, Kaiping Peng
The objective of positive education is not only to improve students' well-being but also their academic performance. As an important concept in positive education, growth mindset refers to core assumptions about the malleability of a person's intellectual abilities. The present study investigates the relation of growth mindsets to psychological well-being and school engagement. The study also explores the mediating function of resilience in this relation. We recruited a total of 1260 (658 males and 602 females) Chinese students from five diversified primary and middle schools...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934556/room-for-improvement-palliating-the-ego-in-feedback-resistant-medical-students
#7
Andrew Perrella
Feedback in medical education provides the impetus for growth in a field pressured to demonstrate continuous progress. Unfortunately, as it always incorporates some level of judgment, certain students appear more resistant than receptive to receiving feedback. Coupled with the ubiquitous stressors of medicine-examinations, perpetual knowledge acquisition, competition for employment-there subtly emerges a learning environment in which the mindset of medical trainees morphs from collegiality to outperformance of one's peers...
December 9, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821991/a-study-to-assess-empowerment-of-adolescent-girls-in-terms-of-knowledge-based-life-skills-education-about-child-survival-and-safe-motherhood-practices
#8
A K Choudhary, D M Saxena, Rituja Kaushal
OBJECTIVE: This study has been designed with the intention to bring a substantial change in the mindsets or life skills of adolescent girls at secondary school level regarding their concept of child survival and safe motherhood practices in order to deal effectively with real-life situations. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional analytical study was carried out with 538 adolescent girls regarding assessment of their knowledge on variables like correct nutrition, iron-deficiency anemia and its prevention, care during pregnancy, safe birth, skilled birth attendance, breast feeding and complementary feeding practices, child's growth and development issues, immunization, management of common childhood illnesses...
December 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729533/reading-intervention-with-a-growth-mindset-approach-improves-children-s-skills
#9
Simon Calmar Andersen, Helena Skyt Nielsen
Laboratory experiments have shown that parents who believe their child's abilities are fixed engage with their child in unconstructive, performance-oriented ways. We show that children of parents with such "fixed mindsets" have lower reading skills, even after controlling for the child's previous abilities and the parents' socioeconomic status. In a large-scale randomized field trial (Nclassrooms = 72; Nchildren = 1,587) conducted by public authorities, parents receiving a reading intervention were told about the malleability of their child's reading abilities and how to support their child by praising his/her effort rather than his/her performance...
October 25, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697671/reducing-risk-for-anxiety-and-depression-in-adolescents-effects-of-a-single-session-intervention-teaching-that-personality-can-change
#10
Jessica L Schleider, John R Weisz
Efforts to reduce youth mental health problems have advanced greatly but have not lowered overall rates of youth mental illness. Thus, a need exists for disseminable, mechanism-targeted approaches to reducing risk of youth psychopathology. Accordingly, we conducted a randomized-controlled trial testing whether a single-session intervention teaching growth personality mindsets (the belief that personality is malleable) reduced known risk factors for anxiety and depression in adolescents experiencing or at risk for internalizing problems (N = 96, ages 12-15)...
December 2016: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628718/motivation-to-learn-an-overview-of-contemporary-theories
#11
David A Cook, Anthony R Artino
OBJECTIVE: To succinctly summarise five contemporary theories about motivation to learn, articulate key intersections and distinctions among these theories, and identify important considerations for future research. RESULTS: Motivation has been defined as the process whereby goal-directed activities are initiated and sustained. In expectancy-value theory, motivation is a function of the expectation of success and perceived value. Attribution theory focuses on the causal attributions learners create to explain the results of an activity, and classifies these in terms of their locus, stability and controllability...
October 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524832/using-design-thinking-to-improve-psychological-interventions-the-case-of-the-growth-mindset-during-the-transition-to-high-school
#12
David S Yeager, Carissa Romero, Dave Paunesku, Christopher S Hulleman, Barbara Schneider, Cintia Hinojosa, Hae Yeon Lee, Joseph O'Brien, Kate Flint, Alice Roberts, Jill Trott, Daniel Greene, Gregory M Walton, Carol S Dweck
There are many promising psychological interventions on the horizon, but there is no clear methodology for preparing them to be scaled up. Drawing on design thinking, the present research formalizes a methodology for redesigning and tailoring initial interventions. We test the methodology using the case of fixed versus growth mindsets during the transition to high school. Qualitative inquiry and rapid, iterative, randomized "A/B" experiments were conducted with ~3,000 participants to inform intervention revisions for this population...
April 2016: Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27521589/synthesis-of-novel-curcuminoids-accommodating-a-central-%C3%AE-enaminone-motif-and-their-impact-on-cell-growth-and-oxidative-stress
#13
Rob De Vreese, Charlotte Grootaert, Sander D'hoore, Atiruj Theppawong, Sam Van Damme, Maarten Van Bogaert, John Van Camp, Matthias D'hooghe
Curcuminoids are high-potential drugs targeting multiple components of vital signaling pathways without being toxic, and are therefore considered to be valuable lead structures in medicinal chemistry. Unfortunately, most curcuminoids poorly reach their site of action because of low bioavailability issues, (partly) associated with the labile β-diketo structure. In that respect, curcumin derivatives bearing a central β-enaminone fragment may have improved solubility and intestinal stability, and therefore may represent a new class of analogs with higher bioactivity...
November 10, 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27432947/growth-mindset-tempers-the-effects-of-poverty-on-academic-achievement
#14
Susana Claro, David Paunesku, Carol S Dweck
Two largely separate bodies of empirical research have shown that academic achievement is influenced by structural factors, such as socioeconomic background, and psychological factors, such as students' beliefs about their abilities. In this research, we use a nationwide sample of high school students from Chile to investigate how these factors interact on a systemic level. Confirming prior research, we find that family income is a strong predictor of achievement. Extending prior research, we find that a growth mindset (the belief that intelligence is not fixed and can be developed) is a comparably strong predictor of achievement and that it exhibits a positive relationship with achievement across all of the socioeconomic strata in the country...
August 2, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27217105/the-matter-of-motivation-striatal-resting-state-connectivity-is-dissociable-between-grit-and-growth-mindset
#15
Chelsea A Myers, Cheng Wang, Jessica M Black, Nicolle Bugescu, Fumiko Hoeft
The current study utilized resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to examine how two important non-cognitive skills, grit and growth mindset, are associated with cortico-striatal networks important for learning. Whole-brain seed-to-voxel connectivity was examined for dorsal and ventral striatal seeds. While both grit and growth mindset were associated with functional connectivity between ventral striatal and bilateral prefrontal networks thought to be important for cognitive-behavioral control...
October 2016: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27193737/randomized-controlled-trial-of-mindfulness-based-cancer-recovery-versus-supportive-expressive-group-therapy-among-distressed-breast-cancer-survivors-mindset-long-term-follow-up-results
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Linda E Carlson, Rie Tamagawa, Joanne Stephen, Elaine Drysdale, Lihong Zhong, Michael Speca
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based cancer recovery (MBCR) and supportive expressive group therapy (SET) are two well-validated psychosocial interventions, but they have not been directly compared, and little is known about long-term outcomes. This comparative effectiveness study measured the effects of these two interventions immediately following the groups and for 1 year thereafter in distressed breast cancer survivors. METHODS: Two hundred fifty-two distressed Stage I-III breast cancer survivors were randomized into either MBCR or SET...
2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27188785/media-multitasking-in-adolescence
#17
Matthew S Cain, Julia A Leonard, John D E Gabrieli, Amy S Finn
Media use has been on the rise in adolescents overall, and in particular, the amount of media multitasking-multiple media consumed simultaneously, such as having a text message conversation while watching TV-has been increasing. In adults, heavy media multitasking has been linked with poorer performance on a number of laboratory measures of cognition, but no relationship has yet been established between media-multitasking behavior and real-world outcomes. Examining individual differences across a group of adolescents, we found that more frequent media multitasking in daily life was associated with poorer performance on statewide standardized achievement tests of math and English in the classroom, poorer performance on behavioral measures of executive function (working memory capacity) in the laboratory, and traits of greater impulsivity and lesser growth mindset...
December 2016: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27106713/does-mindset-intervention-predict-students-daily-experience-in-classrooms-a-comparison-of-seventh-and-ninth-graders-trajectories
#18
Jennifer A Schmidt, Lee Shumow, Hayal Z Kackar-Cam
One's beliefs about whether ability is fixed or malleable-also known as fixed or growth mindset-can impact academic outcomes. This quasi-experimental study investigated effects of a six-week classroom intervention targeting growth mindset on students' daily quality of experience in science classrooms. Seventh grade (N = 370) and 9th grade (N = 356) students (50 % female, 61 % Hispanic) were randomly assigned by classroom to either a mindset intervention condition or content writing task condition. Students provided self-reports on multiple aspects of their daily classroom experience 11 times across the school year...
March 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27017194/creating-a-critical-mass-eliminates-the-effects-of-stereotype-threat-on-women-s-mathematical-performance
#19
Charlotte R Pennington, Derek Heim
BACKGROUND: Women in mathematical domains may become attuned to situational cues that signal a discredited social identity, contributing to their lower achievement and underrepresentation. AIM: This study examined whether heightened in-group representation alleviates the effects of stereotype threat on women's mathematical performance. It further investigated whether single-sex testing environments and stereotype threat influenced participants to believe that their ability was fixed (fixed mindset) rather than a trait that could be developed (growth mindset)...
September 2016: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26888751/cultivating-hygiene-as-a-science-the-welch-rose-report-s-influence-at-johns-hopkins-and-beyond
#20
Karen Kruse Thomas
In 1915, William Henry Welch and Wickliffe Rose submitted a report to the Rockefeller Foundation that became the template for public health professional education in the United States and abroad. Based on the Welch-Rose Report's recommendations, the Foundation awarded a grant to Johns Hopkins University in 1916 to establish the first independent graduate school of public health, with Welch serving as the founding dean. The Welch-Rose Report and, by extension, the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health established and transmitted a new model of scientific training that wove the laboratory mindset together with the methods of public health administration and epidemiologic fieldwork...
March 1, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
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