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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538494/committee-opinion-no-704-summary-human-papillomavirus-vaccination
#1
(no author information available yet)
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is associated with anogenital cancer (including cervical, vaginal, vulvar, penile, and anal), oropharyngeal cancer, and genital warts. The HPV vaccination significantly reduces the incidence of anogenital cancer and genital warts. Despite the benefits of HPV vaccines, only 41.9% of girls in the recommended age group, and only 28.1% of males in the recommended age group have received all recom-mended doses. Compared with many other countries, HPV vaccination rates in the United States are unacceptably low...
June 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526331/prevalence-of-oral-human-papillomavirus-by-vaccination-status-among-young-adults-18-30years-old
#2
Jacqueline M Hirth, Mihyun Chang, Vicente A Resto
BACKGROUND: Although there is evidence that human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination may protect against oral HPV infection, no current research has demonstrated this in the general population. METHODS: We used repeated cross-sectional data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) between 2009 and 2014. Participants 18-30years who indicated whether they had received the HPV vaccine and provided an adequate oral sample were included (N=3040)...
May 16, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525447/mothers-fathers-sons-and-human-papillomavirus-immunization-practices
#3
Tami Lynn Thomas, Ora L Strickland, Melinda Higgins
Despite the fact that human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and HPV-related cancers are on the rise in men, male HPV vaccine series completion is less than 10% in many areas. This study examined parental knowledge of the HPV vaccine and intent to vaccinate their sons. A cross-sectional study of 341 parents of boys was conducted in school settings in rural southeastern Georgia. Mothers were 2.07 times more likely than fathers to vaccinate their sons. Future research directions should include strategies to increase HPV vaccination in both genders and focus on parents' perceived severity and vulnerability of their sons to HPV infection...
July 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512588/severe-aplastic-anemia-following-parvovirus-b19-associated-acute-hepatitis
#4
Masanori Furukawa, Kosuke Kaji, Hiroyuki Masuda, Kuniaki Ozaki, Shohei Asada, Aritoshi Koizumi, Takuya Kubo, Norihisa Nishimura, Yasuhiko Sawada, Kosuke Takeda, Tsuyoshi Mashitani, Masayuki Kubo, Itsuto Amano, Tomoyuki Ootani, Chiho Ohbayashi, Koji Murata, Tatsuichi Ann, Akira Mitoro, Hitoshi Yoshiji
Human parvovirus (HPV) B19 is linked to a variety of clinical manifestations, such as erythema infectiosum, nonimmune hydrops fetalis, and transient aplastic anemia. Although a few cases have shown HPVB19 infection as a possible causative agent for hepatitis-associated aplastic anemia (HAAA) in immunocompetent patients, most reported cases of HAAA following transient hepatitis did not have delayed remission. Here we report a rare case of severe aplastic anemia following acute hepatitis with prolonged jaundice due to HPVB19 infection in a previously healthy young male...
2017: Case Reports in Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511524/basaloid-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-tongue-a-report-with-emphasis-on-immunohistochemistry
#5
Karuna Kumari, Vanishree C Haragannavar, K Vineeth Kumar, Kavitha Prasad, Shwetha Nambiar
Basaloid Squamous Cell Carcinoma (BSCC) is a rare entity with its histopathological distinction from conventional squamous cell carcinoma. It is frequently considered a high-grade carcinoma with poor prognosis because of higher rate of distant metastases. Here by, we are reporting a case of 39-year-old male with an ulcer on the left lateral border of the tongue since a month. Histopathological examination of incisional biopsy revealed basaloid tumour cell islands accompanied by component of well differentiated squamous cell carcinoma...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503996/primary-immunization-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-in-the-pediatric-population-what-is-the-verdict-now
#6
Aubrey N Jones, Jenna W Bartlett, Rebecca A Bates, Tsz-Yin So
The safety and efficacy of a 2-dose series for the human papillomavirus vaccines rather than a 3-dose series in older children has not been well defined. This article reviews the literature summarizing the use of all 3 HPV vaccines (2vHPV, 4vHPV, 9vHPV) as a 2-dose series for females and 4vHPV and 9vHPV for males younger than 15 years. Six prospective trials evaluating immunogenicity of a 2-dose series of 2vHPV and/or 4vHPV, as well as an ongoing prospective clinical trial for 9vHPV, are discussed. The 2-dose series with Gardasil 9(®) in both males and females ages 9 to 14 years appears to be the most widely accepted recommendation...
June 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485812/epidemiology-of-human-papillomavirus-on-anogenital-warts-in-portugal-the-hercoles-study
#7
J Azevedo, A Pista, C Lisboa, I Santo, L Azevedo, M J Cunhax
BACKGROUND: Anogenital warts (AGW) are one of the most prevalent sexually transmitted disease worldwide. Approximately 90% of AGWs are related to infection by HPV 6 and 11. However, AGW have been associated with infection by multiple genotypes, including HR-HPV, which may be associated with a long-term increased risk of anogenital cancer. OBJECTIVE: This observational prospective epidemiological study aims to estimate the type-specific HPV distribution on incident AGWs in both genders, and additionally to assess the frequency of anal and oral HPV infection in patients with AGWs...
May 9, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472027/surveillance-of-vaccination-coverage-among-adult-populations-united-states-2015
#8
Walter W Williams, Peng-Jun Lu, Alissa O'Halloran, David K Kim, Lisa A Grohskopf, Tamara Pilishvili, Tami H Skoff, Noele P Nelson, Rafael Harpaz, Lauri E Markowitz, Alfonso Rodriguez-Lainz, Amy Parker Fiebelkorn
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Overall, the prevalence of illness attributable to vaccine-preventable diseases is greater among adults than among children. Adults are recommended to receive vaccinations based on their age, underlying medical conditions, lifestyle, prior vaccinations, and other considerations. Updated vaccination recommendations from CDC are published annually in the U.S. Adult Immunization Schedule. Despite longstanding recommendations for use of many vaccines, vaccination coverage among U...
May 5, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467238/sexual-orientation-disparities-in-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-in-a-longitudinal-cohort-of-u-s-males-and-females
#9
Brittany M Charlton, Sari L Reisner, Madina Agénor, Allegra R Gordon, Vishnudas Sarda, S Bryn Austin
PURPOSE: This study sought to examine how human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination may differ across sexual orientation groups (e.g., bisexuals compared to heterosexuals)-particularly in boys and men, about whom little is known. METHODS: Data were from a prospective cohort of 10,663 U.S. females and males enrolled in the Growing Up Today Study followed from 1996 to 2014. Participants were aged 11-24 years when the vaccine was approved for females in 2006 and 14-27 years when approved for males in 2009...
June 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461067/mapping-information-exposure-on-social-media-to-explain-differences-in-hpv-vaccine-coverage-in-the-united-states
#10
Adam G Dunn, Didi Surian, Julie Leask, Aditi Dey, Kenneth D Mandl, Enrico Coiera
BACKGROUND: Together with access, acceptance of vaccines affects human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine coverage, yet little is known about media's role. Our aim was to determine whether measures of information exposure derived from Twitter could be used to explain differences in coverage in the United States. METHODS: We conducted an analysis of exposure to information about HPV vaccines on Twitter, derived from 273.8 million exposures to 258,418 tweets posted between 1 October 2013 and 30 October 2015...
April 28, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456947/physician-communication-practices-as-a-barrier-to-risk-based-hpv-vaccine-uptake-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#11
Christopher W Wheldon, Steven K Sutton, Holly B Fontenot, Gwendolyn P Quinn, Anna R Giuliano, Susan T Vadaparampil
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommends that men who have sex with men (MSM) 26 years of age or younger be routinely vaccinated against HPV. For men outside of this risk-based population, the recommendation is routine vaccination until age 21. Thus, in order for this risk-based recommendation for MSM to be implemented, two distinct actions need to be completed during the clinical visit: (1) discuss recommendations for HPV vaccination with men and (2) assess sexual orientation to determine if a risk-based recommendation should be made...
April 29, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450284/eets-promote-hypoxic-pulmonary-vasoconstriction-via-constrictor-prostanoids
#12
Sharath Kandhi, Bin Zhang, Ghezal Froogh, Jun Qin, Norah Alruwali, Yicong Le, Yang-Ming Yang, Sung Hee Hwang, Bruce D Hammock, Michael S Wolin, An Huang, Dong Sun
To test the hypothesis that epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) facilitate pulmonary responses to hypoxia, male wild type (WT) and soluble epoxide hydrolase knockout (sEH-KO) mice, and WT mice chronically fed a sEH inhibitor (t-TUCB; 1mg/kg/day) were used. Right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) was recorded under control and hypoxic conditions. The control RVSP was comparable among all groups. However, hypoxia elicited increases in RVSP in all groups with predominance in sEH-KO and t-TUCB-treated mice. 14,15-EEZE (EET antagonist) attenuated the hypoxia-induced greater elevation of RVSP in sEH-deficient mice, suggesting an EET-mediated increment...
April 27, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446543/comparison-of-the-natural-history-of-genital-hpv-infection-among-men-by-country-brazil-mexico-and-the-united-states
#13
Staci L Sudenga, B Nelson Torres, Roberto Silva, Luisa L Villa, Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce, Martha Abrahamsen, Maria Luiza Baggio, Jorge Salmeron, Manuel Quiterio, Anna R Giuliano
BACKGROUND: Male genital HPV prevalence and incidence has been reported to vary by geographical location. Our objective was to assess the natural history of genital HPV by country among men with a median of 48 months of follow-up. METHODS: Men aged 18-70 years were recruited from US (n=1326), Mexico (n=1349), and Brazil (n=1410). Genital specimens were collected every six months and HPV genotyping identified 37 HPV genotypes. Prevalence of HPV was compared between the three countries using the Fisher's exact test...
April 26, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446260/human-papillomavirus-9-valent-vaccine-for-cancer-prevention-a-systematic-review-of-the-available-evidence
#14
C Signorelli, A Odone, V Ciorba, P Cella, R A Audisio, A Lombardi, L Mariani, F S Mennini, S Pecorelli, G Rezza, G V Zuccotti, A Peracino
In 2014, the Food and Drug Administration approved a new human papillomavirus 9-valent vaccine (9vHPV), targeting nine HPV types: HPV types 6, 11, 16, and 18, which are also targeted by the quadrivalent HPV vaccine (qHPV), plus five additional high cancer risk HPV types (HPV types 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58). The aim of the current study was to systematically retrieve, qualitatively and quantitatively pool, as well as critically appraise all available evidence on 9vHPV from randomized controlled trials (RCTs). We conducted a systematic review of the literature on 9vHPV efficacy, immunogenicity and safety, as well as a systematic search of registered, completed, and ongoing RCTs...
April 27, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438295/risk-factors-for-oropharynx-cancer-in-a-cohort-of-hiv-infected-veterans
#15
Erin Y Chew, Christine M Hartman, Peter A Richardson, Jose P Zevallos, Andrew G Sikora, Jennifer R Kramer, Elizabeth Y Chiao
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate HIV-related and other clinical risk factors associated with oropharynx cancer (OPSCC) in HIV-infected U.S. Veterans. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study utilizing Veterans Affairs HIV Clinical Case Registry (CCR) data from 1985 to 2010. Outcome was incident OPSCC as indicated by 1 inpatient or 2 outpatient ICD-9 codes. Cox proportional hazard models were used to determine hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for each risk factor on the time to OPSCC diagnosis...
May 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435081/a-multiple-streams-analysis-of-the-decisions-to-fund-gender-neutral-hpv-vaccination-in-canada
#16
REVIEW
Gilla K Shapiro, Juliet Guichon, Gillian Prue, Samara Perez, Zeev Rosberger
In Canada, the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine is licensed and recommended for females and males. Although all Canadian jurisdictions fund school-based HPV vaccine programs for girls, only six jurisdictions fund school-based HPV vaccination for boys. The research aimed to analyze the factors that underpin government decisions to fund HPV vaccine for boys using a theoretical policy model, Kingdon's Multiple Streams framework. This approach assesses policy development by examining three concurrent, but independent, streams that guide analysis: Problem Stream, Policy Stream, and Politics Stream...
April 20, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432549/factors-associated-with-hpv-vaccination-in-young-males
#17
Kelli M Fuller, Leslie Hinyard
Human papilloma virus (HPV) affects both men and women; however, recommendations for HPV vaccination among men were not issued in the United States until 2011. The purpose of this study was to describe and compare characteristics of men who did and did not report receiving at least one dose of the HPV vaccine. Data from the ten states that completed the HPV vaccination module in the 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) were included in the study. Young men ages 18-26 were included (N = 1624)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414659/knowledge-of-hpv-related-oropharyngeal-cancer-and-use-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccines-by-pediatricians-in-louisiana
#18
Vikas Mehta, Sean Holmes, Adam Master, Blake Leblanc, L Gloria Caldito, Joseph Bocchini
OBJECTIVES: To determine the level of knowledge of HPV related oropharyngeal cancer and practice patterns of HPV vaccine use by pediatricians. STUDY DESIGN, SUBJECTS, METHODS: IRB approved 18-question survey was administered to members of the Louisiana Chapter of the American Academy of Pediatrics. RESULTS: We received 116 responses (response rate: 15.9 percent );. 104 respondents (89.66 percent ); routinely recommend/offer HPV vaccine, 6 (5...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404356/physicians-current-use-and-preferences-for-male-hpv-vaccine-related-patient-education-materials
#19
Monica L Kasting, Paige Lake, Susan T Vadaparampil
Understanding physician preferences for educational materials to support male HPV vaccination is critical to improving vaccine uptake. Pediatric (Peds) and Family Medicine (FM) physicians in Florida completed a survey from May-August 2014 assessing current use of male-specific HPV vaccination patient education materials, and preferences for materials to increase HPV vaccination uptake. Peds and FM responses were compared with chi-squared or nonparametric tests. Most participants were FM (53.2%), White (66.6%), non-Hispanic (74...
May 9, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396210/hpv-vaccine-awareness-and-the-association-of-trust-in-cancer-information-from-physicians-among-males
#20
Dexter L Cooper, Natalie D Hernandez, Latrice Rollins, Tabia Henry Akintobi, Calvin McAllister
INTRODUCTION: Black and Hispanic men are diagnosed with more HPV-related cancers and at later stages compared to other racial/ethnic groups. Physician communication with men about HPV vaccination may be beneficial to increasing HPV vaccinations and decreasing HPV transmission. The purpose of this study was to examine HPV and HPV vaccine awareness among men by race, and the association between trust in cancer information from physicians and ever hearing about HPV and the HPV vaccine. METHODS: U...
May 9, 2017: Vaccine
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