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Sex differences chronic kidney disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775442/-copeptin-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#1
Piotr Skrzypczyk, Magdalena Okarska-Napierała, Elżbieta Górska, Anna Stelmaszczyk-Emmel, Małgorzata Pańczyk-Tomaszewska
Studies in adult patients suggest that copeptin (C-terminal fragment of antidiuretin propeptide) is related to kidney and cardiovascular diseases. AIM: The aim was to assess copeptin concentration in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a group of 38 children with CKD (age: from 4.70 to 18.00 mean 12.23±4.19 years) we evaluated: serum copeptin concentration [ng/mL], age, sex, etiology of CKD, presence of arterial hypertension (AH), medications, glomerular filtration rate (GFR), hemoglobin, calcium-phosphorus metabolism parameters, and lipids...
April 23, 2018: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771383/relationship-of-fibroblast-growth-factor-21-with-kidney-function-and-albuminuria-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#2
Sahapab Anuwatmatee, Matthew A Allison, Michael G Shlipak, Robyn L McClelland, Holly Kramer, Shudi Tang, Liming Hou, Kerry-Anne Rye, Kwok Leung Ong
Background: Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) may play a role in the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD). We therefore investigated the relationship of plasma FGF21 levels with kidney function and albuminuria in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). Methods: The analysis included 5724 MESA participants ages 45-84 years between 2000 and 2002, free of clinically apparent cardiovascular disease (CVD). Participants were followed up in person at four additional clinic visits over 10 years...
May 15, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767638/pre-exposure-prophylaxis-with-tenofovir-disoproxil-fumarate-emtricitabine-and-kidney-tubular-dysfunction-in-hiv-uninfected-individuals
#3
Vasantha Jotwani, Rebecca Scherzer, David V Glidden, Megha Mehrotra, Patricia Defechereux, Albert Liu, Monica Gandhi, Michael Bennett, Steven G Coca, Chirag R Parikh, Robert M Grant, Michael G Shlipak
BACKGROUND: Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) and emtricitabine (FTC) is becoming increasingly adopted for HIV prevention. Tenofovir can cause proximal tubular damage and chronic kidney disease in HIV-infected persons, but little is known regarding its nephrotoxic potential among HIV-uninfected persons. In this study, we evaluated the effects of PrEP on urine levels of the following: α1-microglobulin (α1m), a marker of impaired tubular reabsorption; albuminuria, a measure of glomerular injury; and total proteinuria...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731060/delayed-recovery-of-renal-function-after-donor-nephrectomy
#4
J C Na, J S Park, M-G Yoon, H H Lee, Y E Yoon, K H Huh, Y S Kim, W K Han
BACKGROUND: Many living kidney donors are still at risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) 1 year after nephrectomy. Although some donors still experience poor renal function, many exhibit delayed recovery of renal function afterwards. We studied the factors related to delayed recovery of renal function in patients with CKD at 1 year after nephrectomy. METHODS: Patients who underwent donor nephrectomy from March 2006 to April 2014 with a follow-up creatinine study at 1 month, 6 months, 1 year, and after 3 years of follow-up were included in the study...
May 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720598/relationship-between-body-mass-index-and-renal-function-deterioration-among-the-taiwanese-chronic-kidney-disease-population
#5
Tian-Jong Chang, Cai-Mei Zheng, Mei-Yi Wu, Tzu-Ting Chen, Yun-Chun Wu, Yi-Lien Wu, Hsin-Ting Lin, Jing-Quan Zheng, Nain-Feng Chu, Yu-Me Lin, Sui-Lung Su, Kuo-Cheng Lu, Jin-Shuen Chen, Fung-Chang Sung, Chien-Te Lee, Yu Yang, Shang-Jyh Hwang, Ming-Cheng Wang, Yung-Ho Hsu, Hung-Yi Chiou, Senyeong Kao, Yuh-Feng Lin
This study investigated the characteristics of patients with different chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages according to various body mass index (BMI) categories and determined the influence of BMI in renal function deterioration. We conducted a multicenter, longitudinal cohort study based on the Epidemiology and Risk Factors Surveillance of CKD project (2008-2013) and National Health Insurance Research Database (2001-2013). A total of 7357 patients with CKD aged 20-85 years from 14 hospitals were included in the study...
May 2, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706470/impact-of-sex-and-glucose-lowering-treatments-on-hypoglycaemic-symptoms-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-and-chronic-kidney-disease-the-french-chronic-kidney-disease-renal-epidemiology-and-information-network-ckd-rein-study
#6
B Balkau, M Metzger, F Andreelli, L Frimat, E Speyer, C Combe, M Laville, C Jacquelinet, S Briançon, C Ayav, Z Massy, R L Pisoni, B Stengel, D Fouque
AIM: To describe current practices of glucose-lowering treatments in people with diabetes and chronic kidney disease (CKD), the associated glucose control and hypoglycaemic symptoms, with an emphasis on sex differences. METHODS: Among the 3033 patients with CKD stages 3-5 recruited into the French CKD-REIN study, 645 men and 288 women had type 2 diabetes and were treated by glucose-lowering drugs. RESULTS: Overall, 31% were treated only with insulin, 28% with combinations of insulin and another drug, 42% with non-insulin glucose-lowering drugs...
April 6, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705091/albuminuric-and-non-albuminuric-chronic-kidney-disease-in-type-1-diabetes-association-with-major-vascular-outcomes-risk-and-all-cause-mortality
#7
Monia Garofolo, Eleonora Russo, Roberto Miccoli, Daniela Lucchesi, Laura Giusti, Veronica Sancho-Bornez, Giuseppe Daniele, Stefano Del Prato, Giuseppe Penno
AIMS: Albuminuric and non-albuminuric phenotypes of chronic kidney disease (CKD) may have different cardiovascular risk and survival in type 1 diabetes (T1DM). Herein we estimated risk of major vascular outcomes by the EURODIAB PCS score and determined all-cause mortality rate in 774 T1DM according to CKD phenotypes. METHODS: We evaluated the distribution of CKD phenotypes [no CKD, stages 1-2, non-albuminuric stage ≥3 (Alb- CKD), albuminuric stage ≥3 (Alb+ CKD)], the EURODIAB risk score for major vascular outcomes [low- (LS), intermediate- (IS), and high- (HS) risk] and all-cause mortality over a follow-up of 8...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678978/community-based-diagnosis-of-non-communicable-diseases-and-their-risk-factors-in-rural-and-urban-haiti-a-cross-sectional-prevalence-study
#8
Vincent DeGennaro, Stuart Malcolm, Lindsay Crompton, Krishna Vaddiparti, Lazarus K Mramba, Catherine Striley, Linda Cottler, Kellee Taylor, Robert Leverence
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of hypertension, diabetes and chronic kidney disease and their risk factors in a rural and urban region of Haiti. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Community health workers enumerated 2648 households (909 rural and 1739 urban) via a multistage cluster random sampling method from July 2015 to May 2016, completed 705 rural and 1419 urban assessments for adults aged 25-65 years. OUTCOME MEASURES: We performed a WHO STEPS based questionnaire, measured two blood pressure values, weight, height, abdominal circumference and point of care test finger stick blood sample for haemoglobin A1c, creatinine and cholesterol (total, high density lipoprotein (HDL) and triglycerides)...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671284/comparative-cardiovascular-risks-of-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitors-analyses-of-real-world-data-in-korea
#9
Kyoung Hwa Ha, Bongseong Kim, Hae Sol Shin, Jinhee Lee, Hansol Choi, Hyeon Chang Kim, Dae Jung Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To compare cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk associated with 5 different dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4is) in people with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We identified 534,327 people who were newly prescribed sitagliptin (n=167,157), vildagliptin (n=67,412), saxagliptin (n=29,479), linagliptin (n=220,672), or gemigliptin (n=49,607) between January 2013 and June 2015 using the claims database of the Korean National Health Insurance System...
February 27, 2018: Korean Circulation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670671/the-association-between-glomerular-filtration-rate-estimated-using-different-equations-and-mortality-in-the-japanese-community-based-population-the-yamagata-takahata-study
#10
Asami Kabasawa, Tsuneo Konta, Natsuko Suzuki, Keita Kamei, Sayumi Watanabe, Akira Araumi, Eri Matsuki, Soichiro Kon, Midori Oyama, Kazunobu Ichikawa, Kenichi Ishizawa, Yoshiyuki Ueno, Hidetoshi Yamashita, Takamasa Kayama, Isao Kubota
Background: To evaluate renal function, the indices of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) obtained using several equations, including the Japanese versions of the serum creatinine-based MDRD equation (eGFRcreat), Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration equation (eGFR-EPI), and serum cystatin C-based equation (eGFRcys), are utilized. This study prospectively examined the association between these eGFR values and all-cause mortality during a 12-year observational period in a community-based population...
2018: Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667216/nationwide-routine-data-analysis-of-sex-differences-in-outcome-of-acute-myocardial-infarction
#11
Eva Freisinger, Susanne Sehner, Nasser M Malyar, Anna Suling, Holger Reinecke, Karl Wegscheider
BACKGROUND: Women have been reported to suffer from impaired outcome after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). HYPOTHESIS: Aim of the study was to determine the impact of sex and age on the utilization of inpatient healthcare and outcome in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI; STEMI and NSTEMI) in a real-life setting. METHODS: We performed a Routine-data based analysis of 203,106 nationwide in-patient cases hospitalized with STEMI and NSTEMI, focusing on sex differences regarding risk constellation, treatments, and in-hospital outcome...
April 17, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656901/different-rates-of-progression-and-mortality-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-at-outpatient-nephrology-clinics-across-europe
#12
Katharina Brück, Kitty J Jager, Carmine Zoccali, Aminu K Bello, Roberto Minutolo, Kyriakos Ioannou, Francis Verbeke, Henry Völzke, Johan Arnlöv, Daniela Leonardis, Pietro Manuel Ferraro, Hermann Brenner, Ben Caplin, Philip A Kalra, Christoph Wanner, Alberto Martinez Castelao, Jose Luis Gorriz, Stein Hallan, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Dino Gibertoni, Luca De Nicola, Georg Heinze, Wim Van Biesen, Vianda S Stel
The incidence of renal replacement therapy varies across countries. However, little is known about the epidemiology of chronic kidney disease (CKD) outcomes. Here we describe progression and mortality risk of patients with CKD but not on renal replacement therapy at outpatient nephrology clinics across Europe using individual data from nine CKD cohorts participating in the European CKD Burden Consortium. A joint model assessed the mean change in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and mortality risk simultaneously, thereby accounting for mortality risk when estimating eGFR decline and vice versa, while also correcting for the measurement error in eGFR...
April 12, 2018: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604324/effect-of-blood-t1-estimation-strategy-on-arterial-spin-labeled-cerebral-blood-flow-quantification-in-children-and-young-adults-with-kidney-disease
#13
Hua-Shan Liu, Abbas F Jawad, Nina Laney, Erum A Hartung, Susan L Furth, John A Detre
PURPOSE: To compare blood T1 estimation approaches used for quantifying cerebral blood flow (CBF) with arterial spin labeled (ASL) perfusion MRI in a developmental cohort of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients with anemia and a control group. METHODS: 61 patients with CKD and 47 age-matched control subjects were studied. Blood T1 approaches included: (1) a fixed value, (2) estimation based on measured hematocrit (Hct), and (3) estimation based on Age+Sex using a published formula...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Neuroradiology. Journal de Neuroradiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593020/ethnic-differences-in-the-progression-of-chronic-kidney-disease-and-risk-of-death-in-a-uk-diabetic-population-an-observational-cohort-study
#14
Rohini Mathur, Gavin Dreyer, Magdi M Yaqoob, Sally A Hull
OBJECTIVE: To determine ethnic differences in the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and risk of end-stage renal failure (ESRF) and death in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and to identify predictors of rapid renal decline. DESIGN: Observational community-based cohort study undertaken from 2006 to 2016 with nested case-control study. SETTING: 135 inner London primary care practices contributing to the east London Database...
March 27, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590376/incidence-of-nephrotoxicity-among-pediatric-patients-receiving-vancomycin-with-either-piperacillin-tazobactam-or-cefepime-a-cohort-study
#15
Kathryn M Cook, Jessica Gillon, Alison G Grisso, Ritu Banerjee, Natalia Jimenez-Truque, Elizabeth J Phillips, Sara L Van Driest
Background: Recent studies in adults have found an incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients treated with a combination of vancomycin and piperacillin-tazobactam (TZP) that is greater than that expected with either medication alone. The purpose of this study was to determine whether combination therapy with vancomycin and TZP is associated with an incidence of AKI in pediatric patients higher than that in those on combination therapy with vancomycin and cefepime. Methods: We performed a retrospective single-center matched-cohort study of pediatric patients who received vancomycin in combination with TZP or cefepime between January 2015 and June 2016...
March 26, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576405/a-propensity-matched-comparison-of-fenestrated-endovascular-aneurysm-repair-and-open-surgical-repair-of-pararenal-and-paravisceral-aortic-aneurysms
#16
Giovanni Tinelli, Maria Antonietta Crea, Chiara de Waure, Gian Luca Di Tanna, Jean-Pierre Becquemin, Jonathan Sobocinski, Francesco Snider, Stéphan Haulon
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the outcomes of a current series of patients treated with fenestrated and branched endovascular aneurysm repair (F-BEVAR) or open surgical repair (OSR) for pararenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (pr-AAAs), including juxtarenal, suprarenal, and type IV thoracoabdominal aneurysms. This study compares the outcomes of these procedures from two high-volume centers without the bias induced by a learning curve. METHODS: All patients with pr-AAAs undergoing repair at two centers between January 2010 and June 2016 were included in a prospective database...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549269/nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-accelerates-kidney-function-decline-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-cohort-study
#17
Hye Ryoun Jang, Danbee Kang, Dong Hyun Sinn, Seonhye Gu, Soo Jin Cho, Jung Eun Lee, Wooseong Huh, Seung Woon Paik, Seungho Ryu, Yoosoo Chang, Tariq Shafi, Mariana Lazo, Eliseo Guallar, Juhee Cho, Geum-Youn Gwak
This study aimed to investigate the association of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and its severity with the decline in kidney function in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We conducted a cohort study of 1,525 CKD patients who underwent repeated health check-up examinations from January 2003 through December 2013. NAFLD was diagnosed by ultrasonography and its severity was assessed by the NAFLD fibrosis score. At baseline, the prevalence of NAFLD was 40.9%, and the mean estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was 59...
March 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516098/association-of-fibroblast-growth-factor-23-with-risk-of-incident-coronary-heart-disease-in-community-living-adults
#18
Bhupesh Panwar, Suzanne E Judd, Virginia G Wadley, Nancy S Jenny, Virginia J Howard, Monika M Safford, Orlando M Gutiérrez
Importance: Higher circulating fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) concentrations are associated with cardiovascular disease events linked to heart failure, but associations of FGF23 with coronary heart disease (CHD) have been less consistent. Objective: To determine the association of plasma FGF23 concentrations with incident CHD and whether this association differs by race, sex, or chronic kidney disease status. Design, Setting, and Participants: We examined the association of FGF23 concentrations with incident CHD risk within the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke study, a prospective cohort of black and white adults 45 years and older enrolled between January 2003 and October 2007 with follow-up through December 31, 2011...
April 1, 2018: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492591/uric-acid-stones-increase-the-risk-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#19
Ching-Chia Li, Tsu-Ming Chien, Wen-Jeng Wu, Chun-Nung Huang, Yii-Her Chou
The aim of this study was to compare the clinical characteristics of uric acid stones and their potential risk for chronic kidney disease (CKD). A total of 401 patients (196 with uric acid stone and 205 without) were enrolled from our database of patients with urolithiasis. We analyzed the clinical demographic features, stone location, urine chemistries, and renal function. There was a significant difference (p < 0.001) between the two groups in terms of age, with the higher mean age in the uric acid group...
February 28, 2018: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456209/assessment-of-prevalence-and-clinical-outcome-of-frailty-in-an-elderly-predialysis-cohort-using-simple-tools
#20
Hatem Ali, Tarek Abdelaziz, Fatima Abdelaal, Jyoti Baharani
The relationship between frailty and chronic kidney disease in elderly population has been recognized; however, studies concentrating on frailty in predialysis patients are limited. For nephrologists, the recognition of frailty is important as it has impact on decisions on the choice of dialysis modality and sometimes on whether dialysis is indeed in the patients' best interests. Many of the tools for routine assessment of frailty are not easily applicable to those clinicians not practicing elderly care medicine...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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