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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044235/association-of-h-pylori-infection-with-chronic-kidney-disease-among-chinese-adults
#1
Xianglei Kong, Dayu Xu, Feng Li, Xiaojing Ma, Hong Su, Dongmei Xu
BACKGROUND: Some studies have suggested that Helicobacter pylori (H. Pylori) infection was associated with insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome, which may increase the risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD). But there is no conclusive evidence regarding the association between H. Pylori infection and CKD. To help clarify this, we conducted the cross-sectional study to investigate the association of H. pylori infection with CKD among Chinese adults. METHODS: A total of 22,044 adults aged 48...
January 2, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988970/calcification-score-evaluation-in-patients-listed-for-renal-transplantation
#2
Judith Kahn, Leona Marleen Ram, Katharina Eberhard, Andrea Groselj-Strele, Barbara Obermayer-Pietsch, Helmut Müller
Based on native CT scans of the pelvic region using a standardized calcification score, evaluation of iliac vascular calcification was performed between 2008 and 2012 prior to listing for renal transplantation in 205 patients with chronic kidney disease. Vascular calcification showed a decrease from proximal to distal. The difference between the degree of calcification in the common iliac artery and in the external iliac artery was significant (p<0.001). Risk factors for total iliac vascular calcification were age, smoking, sex, underlying renal disease, and diabetes...
December 17, 2016: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983610/the-association-of-hypertriglyceridemic-waist-phenotype-with-chronic-kidney-disease-and-its-sex-difference-a-cross-sectional-study-in-an-urban-chinese-elderly-population
#3
Jing Zeng, Miao Liu, Lei Wu, Jianhua Wang, Shanshan Yang, Yiyan Wang, Yao Yao, Bin Jiang, Yao He
Background: The primary objective of this study was to explore the association of hypertriglyceridemic waist (HTGW) phenotype with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and its sex difference in an urban Chinese elderly population. Methods: In a cross-sectional study, a total of 2102 participants aged 60-95 years were recruited and classified into four phenotypes: normal waist-normal triglyceride (NWNT), normal waist-elevated triglycerides (NWET), elevated waist-normal triglycerides (EWNT), and HTGW. Logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the associations of interest...
December 13, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955924/infants-requiring-maintenance-dialysis-outcomes-of-hemodialysis-and-peritoneal-dialysis
#4
Enrico Vidal, Karlijn J van Stralen, Nicholas C Chesnaye, Marjolein Bonthuis, Christer Holmberg, Aleksandra Zurowska, Antonella Trivelli, José Eduardo Esteves Da Silva, Maria Herthelius, Brigitte Adams, Anna Bjerre, Augustina Jankauskiene, Polina Miteva, Khadizha Emirova, Aysun K Bayazit, Christoph J Mache, Ana Sánchez-Moreno, Jérôme Harambat, Jaap W Groothoff, Kitty J Jager, Franz Schaefer, Enrico Verrina
BACKGROUND: The impact of different dialysis modalities on clinical outcomes has not been explored in young infants with chronic kidney failure. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Data were extracted from the ESPN/ERA-EDTA Registry. This analysis included 1,063 infants 12 months or younger who initiated dialysis therapy in 1991 to 2013. FACTOR: Type of dialysis modality. OUTCOMES & MEASUREMENTS: Differences between infants treated with peritoneal dialysis (PD) or hemodialysis (HD) in patient survival, technique survival, and access to kidney transplantation were examined using Cox regression analysis while adjusting for age at dialysis therapy initiation, sex, underlying kidney disease, and country of residence...
December 9, 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932118/relationship-between-vitamin-d-blood-levels-and-cancer-development-in-renal-transplant-patients-a-case-control-study
#5
J Ugalde-Altamirano, D Álvarez Villegas, I Revuelta, A Coloma, J-V Torregrosa
BACKGROUND: Malignancy is one of the most common long-term complications in renal transplant patients, often related to immunosuppressive treatment although other factors could be considered. Vitamin D plays an important role in reducing cancer risk. After kidney transplantation (KT), 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OH-D, or calcidiol) insufficiency concerns >85%. The main aim of the present study was to determine the relationship between calcidiol blood levels and cancer development in KT recipients...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930696/risk-factors-for-incidence-of-cardiovascular-diseases-and-all-cause-mortality-in-a-middle-eastern-population-over-a-decade-follow-up-tehran-lipid-and-glucose-study
#6
Mahsa Sardarinia, Samaneh Akbarpour, Mojtaba Lotfaliany, Farideh Bagherzadeh-Khiabani, Mohammadreza Bozorgmanesh, Farhad Sheikholeslami, Fereidoun Azizi, Farzad Hadaegh
BACKGROUND: To examine the association between potentially modifiable risk factors with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all-cause mortality and to quantify their population attributable fractions (PAFs) among a sample of Tehran residents. METHODS: Overall, 8108 participants (3686 men) aged≥30 years, were investigated. To examine the association between risk factors and outcomes, multivariate sex-adjusted Cox proportional hazard regression analysis were conducted, using age as time-scale in two models including general/central adiposity: 1)adjusted for different independent variables including smoking, education, family history of CVD and sex for both outcomes and additionally adjusted for prevalent CVD for all-cause mortality 2)further adjusted for obesity mediators (hypertension, diabetes, lipid profile and chronic kidney disease)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902586/neurological-psychological-and-cognitive-disorders-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-on-conservative-and-replacement-therapy
#7
Silvia Lai, Oriano Mecarelli, Patrizia Pulitano, Roberto Romanello, Leonardo Davi, Alessia Zarabla, Amalia Mariotti, Maria Carta, Giorgia Tasso, Luca Poli, Anna Paola Mitterhofer, Massimo Testorio, Nicla Frassetti, Paola Aceto, Alessandro Galani, Carlo Lai
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a highly prevalent condition in the world. Neurological, psychological, and cognitive disorders, related to CKD, could contribute to the morbidity, mortality, and poor quality of life of these patients. The aim of this study was to assess the neurological, psychological, and cognitive imbalance in patients with CKD on conservative and replacement therapy.Seventy-four clinically stable patients affected by CKD on conservative therapy, replacement therapy (hemodialysis (HD), peritoneal dialysis (PD)), or with kidney transplantation (KT) and 25 healthy controls (HC), matched for age and sex were enrolled...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895019/nephrotoxicity-during-vancomycin-therapy-in-combination-with-piperacillin-tazobactam-or-cefepime
#8
W Cliff Rutter, Jessica N Cox, Craig A Martin, Donna R Burgess, David S Burgess
BACKGROUND: Recent reports have demonstrated that vancomycin (VAN) may lead to an increase in acute kidney injury (AKI) when combined with anti-pseudomonal beta-lactams. This study compared the incidence of AKI associated with VAN plus piperacillin-tazobactam (TZP) or cefepime (FEP). METHODS: This was a retrospective, matched cohort study at an academic medical center between September 2010 and September 2014 including adult patients receiving TZP-VAN or FEP-VAN for at least 48 hours and without severe chronic or structural kidney disease, dialysis, pregnancy, cystic fibrosis, or hospital transfer...
November 28, 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880003/association-of-multimorbidity-with-mortality-and-healthcare-utilization-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#9
C Barrett Bowling, Laura Plantinga, Lawrence S Phillips, William McClellan, Katharina Echt, Neale Chumbler, Gerald McGwin, Ann Vandenberg, Richard M Allman, Theodore M Johnson
OBJECTIVES: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) almost universally occurs in individuals with other medical problems. However, few studies have described CKD-related multimorbidity using a framework that identifies chronic conditions as concordant (having overlap in treatment goals) versus discordant (having opposing treatment recommendations) and unrelated (having no overlap, but contributing to complexity via different resource requirements). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort...
November 23, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879000/impact-of-prior-permanent-pacemaker-on-long-term-clinical-outcomes-of-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#10
Yan-Jie Li, Wei-Wei Zhang, Xiao-Xiao Yang, Ning Li, Xing-Biao Qiu, Xin-Kai Qu, Wei-Yi Fang, Yi-Qing Yang, Ruo-Gu Li
BACKGROUND: The impact of permanent pacemaker (PPM) on long-term clinical outcomes of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has not been studied. HYPOTHESIS: PPM may increase heart failure (HF) burden on patients undergoing PCI. METHODS: We recruited consecutive patients undergoing PCI and carried out a nested case-control study. Patients with confirmed PPM undergoing first PCI were identified and matched by age and sex in 1:1 fashion to patients without PPM undergoing first PCI...
November 23, 2016: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875991/the-prevalence-of-renal-impairment-in-individuals-seeking-hiv-testing-in-urban-malawi
#11
Nicola Glaser, Sam Phiri, Tom Bruckner, Dominic Nsona, Hannock Tweya, Nomeda Ahrenshop, Florian Neuhann
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) poses a major health threat to people living in low- and middle-income countries, especially when it is combined with HIV, antiretroviral treatment (ART) or communicable and non-communicable diseases. Data about the prevalence of CKD and its association with other diseases is scarce, particularly in HIV-negative individuals. This study estimated the prevalence of CKD in individuals who were either HIV-positive (and ART-naïve) or HIV-negative in an urban Malawian population...
November 22, 2016: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873227/the-relationship-between-aortic-root-size-and-hypertension-an-unsolved-conundrum
#12
Giuseppe Mulè, Emilio Nardi, Massimiliano Morreale, Antonella Castiglia, Giulio Geraci, Dario Altieri, Valentina Cacciatore, Margherita Schillaci, Francesco Vaccaro, Santina Cottone
Thoracic aortic aneurysms rupture and dissection are among the most devastating vascular diseases, being characterized by elevated mortality, despite improvements in diagnostic imaging and surgical techniques.An increased aortic root diameter (ARD) represents the main risk factor for thoracic aortic dissection and rupture and for aortic valve regurgitation.Even though arterial hypertension is commonly regarded as a predisposing condition for the development of thoracic aorta aneurysms, the role of blood pressure (BP) as determinant of aortic root enlargement is still controversial...
November 22, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857786/incidence-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-in-children-with-nonmonosymptomatic-primary-nocturnal-enuresis
#13
Parsa Yousefichaijan, Ali Khosrobeigi, Bahman Salehi, Hassan Taherahmadi, Fakhreddin Shariatmadari, Yazdan Ghandi, Saeed Alinejad, Fateme Farhadiruzbahani
INTRODUCTION: Enuresis is defined as the repeated voiding of urine into clothes or bed at least twice a week for at least 3 consecutive months in a child who is at least 5 years of age. The behavior is not due exclusively to the direct physiologic effect of a substance or a general medical condition. Diurnal enuresis defines wetting, whereas awake and nocturnal enuresis refers to voiding during sleep. Primary enuresis occurs in children who have never been consistently dry through the night, whereas secondary enuresis refers the resumption of wetting after at least 6 months of dryness...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776979/chronic-kidney-disease-impairs-renal-nerve-and-haemodynamic-reflex-responses-to-vagal-afferent-input-through-a-central-mechanism
#14
REVIEW
Ibrahim M Salman, Cara M Hildreth, Jacqueline K Phillips
We investigated age- and sex-related changes in reflex renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) and haemodynamic responses to vagal afferent stimulation in a rodent model of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Using anaesthetised juvenile (7-8weeks) and adult (12-13weeks) Lewis Polycystic Kidney (LPK) and Lewis control rats of either sex (n=63 total), reflex changes in RSNA, heart rate (HR) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) to vagal afferent stimulation (5-s train, 4.0V, 2.0-ms pulses, 1-16Hz) were measured. In all groups, stimulation of the vagal afferents below 16Hz produced frequency-dependent reductions in RSNA, HR and MAP, while a 16Hz stimulus produced an initial sympathoinhibition followed by sympathoexcitation...
October 11, 2016: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768231/combined-post-and-precapillary-pulmonary-hypertension-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#15
Michael E Rezaee, Elizabeth L Nichols, Mandeep Sidhu, Jeremiah R Brown
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a well-recognized complication of left ventricular heart failure (HF). HYPOTHESIS: Differences exist in demographic, clinical, hemodynamic, and survival characteristics of patients with left ventricular HF who have combined postcapillary and precapillary PH (CpcPH), isolated postcapillary PH, or no PH. METHODS: A secondary data analysis was conducted using a large prospective database of patients undergoing right heart catheterization from 1994 to 2012...
November 2016: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764827/glomerular-filtration-rate-in-healthy-living-potential-kidney-donors-a-meta-analysis-supporting-the-construction-of-the-full-age-spectrum-equation
#16
Hans Pottel, Liesbeth Hoste, Eric Yayo, Pierre Delanaye
BACKGROUND: Normal kidney function or, more specifically, normal glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in men and women and its decline with age is still much debated today. The Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation has gender (and race) multiplication factors, accounts for a decline that starts at very young age and assumes that the mean GFR is as high as 120-130 ml/min/1.73 m2 from a young age. The full age spectrum (FAS) estimated mean GFR is about 107 ml/min/1...
October 21, 2016: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761632/comparative-risk-of-chronic-kidney-diseases-in-patients-with-urolithiasis-and-urological-interventions-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#17
Shih-Yi Lin, Cheng-Li Lin, Chao-Hsiang Chang, His-Chin Wu, Wen-Chi Chen, I-Kuan Wang, Yao Lung Liu, Fung-Chang Sung, Yen-Jung Chang, Chia-Hung Kao
Large cohort studies on whether any association existed between urological interventions for urolithiasis and the development of CKD are lacking. From claims data of the National Health Insurance (NHI) program of Taiwan, we identified 54,433 patients newly diagnosed with urolithiasis during 1998-2010. For each case, four individuals without urolithiasis were randomly selected and frequency matched by age, sex, and diagnosis year. Both groups were followed up until the end of 2010. Incident CKD events were identified by the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) code in the NHI registration database...
October 19, 2016: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760419/relationship-between-anemia-and-serum-concentrations-of-calcium-and-phosphorus-in-advanced-non-dialysis-dependent-chronic-kidney-disease
#18
Mauro Boronat, Ángelo Santana, Elvira Bosch, Dionisio Lorenzo, Marta Riaño, César García-Cantón
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Different biochemical abnormalities of metabolic bone disease have been associated with anemia of chronic kidney disease (CKD), mainly in hemodialysis patients. However, all of these abnormalities are closely inter-related and their individual effect on the development of anemia is uncertain. This study was aimed to assess the relationship between anemia and a set of metabolic bone disease biomarkers in a cohort of adult patients with advanced non-dialysis-dependent CKD...
October 20, 2016: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759630/risk-of-hospitalization-for-hypoglycemia-among-older-korean-people-with-diabetes-mellitus-interactions-between-treatment-modalities-and-comorbidities
#19
Hyun Min Kim, Jong-Mi Seong, Jaetaek Kim
The objective of this study was to carry out a large population-based study to understand the factors associated with hypoglycemia-related hospitalizations among older Korean adults with diabetes mellitus.This study analyzed data from a subset of the 2013 Health Insurance and Review and Assessment service-Adult Patient Sample. A total of 307,170 subjects, comprising 41.7% men and 58.3% women, had diabetes mellitus. Hypertension (80.8%) was the most common comorbidity, and dyslipidemia (59.0%) and ischemic heart disease (21...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755483/predictors-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-type-2-diabetes-a-longitudinal-study-from-the-amd-annals-initiative
#20
Salvatore De Cosmo, Francesca Viazzi, Antonio Pacilli, Carlo Giorda, Antonio Ceriello, Sandro Gentile, Giuseppina Russo, Maria C Rossi, Antonio Nicolucci, Pietro Guida, Roberto Pontremoli
: The identification of clinical predictors for the development of chronic kidney disease is a critical issue in the management of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.We evaluated 27,029 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m and normoalbuminuria from the database of the Italian Association of Clinical Diabetologists network. Primary outcomes were eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m and normoalbuminuria; albuminuria and eGFR ≥60 mL/min/1...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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