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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712580/single-dose-del-nido-cardioplegia-in-minimally-invasive-aortic-valve-surgery
#1
Daniel Ziazadeh, Regina Mater, Ben Himelhoch, Andrew Borgman, Jessica L Parker, Charles L Willekes, Tomasz A Timek
BACKGROUND: The del Nido cardioplegia (DC) procedure offers prolonged cardiac protection with single-dose administration and has proven safe in adult coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. We set out to evaluate the efficacy of cardiac protection and clinical outcomes of DC versus standard blood cardioplegia (BC) in minimally invasive aortic valve surgery. METHODS: Between August 2011 and May 2016, 178 patients underwent minimally invasive aortic valve replacement (AVR) with BC (n = 101) or DC (n = 77)...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711822/extended-thymectomy-left-pneumonectomy-pericardiectomy-and-partial-pleurectomy-for-a-large-thymoma-using-only-a-median-sternotomy
#2
Jorge Cruz, André Sena, Catarina Carvalheiro, Ricardo Ferreira
We present a case of a large thymoma with invasion to the hilum of the lung and pleural dissemination. A 58-year-old woman was diagnosed with a type B2 thymoma, with suspected pericardium, pulmonary artery and left lung invasion and pleural metastasis (Masaoka-Koga stage IVb). A radical resection was planned after systemic chemotherapy. Through a median sternotomy, we resected the tumour, and after confirmation of pericardium and left lung invasion, we also performed resection of the pericardium, of the lung and of the pleural metastasis...
June 29, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709823/intracardiac-foreign-body-resulting-from-a%C3%A2-transmediastinal-gunshot-mimics-an-extracardiac-foreign-body-an-image-presentation
#3
Hsun-Yi Fu, Mao Ting, Yi-Chia Wang, Hsi-Yu Yu
A transmediastinal gunshot wound (TMGW) is one of the most severe traumatic injuries, with a high mortality rate. Prompt diagnosis and emergency surgical intervention with or without cardiopulmonary bypass are usually required to save lives. We report a particular case of TMGW in which the computed tomography imaging findings indicated an extracardiac foreign body. However, intraoperative findings revealed an intracardiac foreign body, and urgent cardiopulmonary bypass was performed to remove the foreign body...
July 11, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709667/routine-use-of-topical-bacitracin-to-prevent-sternal-wound-infections-after-cardiac-surgery
#4
Joshua L Chan, Andrada C Diaconescu, Keith A Horvath
BACKGROUND: The development of sternal wound infections remains a serious complication after cardiac surgery. A number of studies have assessed the use of topical antibiotics placed on the sternal edges. We evaluated the routine use of bacitracin ointment applied over the sternotomy skin incision as a prophylactic measure against sternal wound infections. METHODS: A retrospective review of all coronary artery bypass graft and valve surgery cases performed at a single institution between 2006 and 2015 was performed (n = 1,495)...
July 11, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701609/a-rare-case-of-acyanotic-congenital-heart-disease-large-patent-ductus-arteriosus-with-pre-ductal-coarctation-of-descending-thoracic-aorta-with-patent-ductus-arteriosus-closure-and-extra-anatomical-bypass-grafting
#5
Zara Wani, Deepak Tiwari, Rajeev Gehlot, Deepak Kumar, Sushil Chhabra, Meenaxi Sharma
We report a case of 18-year-old female patient with large patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)-preductal coarctation of descending thoracic aorta. She underwent large PDA closure with a prosthetic graft from ascending aorta to descending thoracic aorta by mid-sternotomy on cardiopulmonary bypass machine under total hypothermic circulatory arrest.
July 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698429/-thymoma-with-multilocular-cystic-change-report-of-a-case
#6
Masanobu Hayakawa, Kazuyuki Oda
A 21-year-old male was pointed out an abnormal shadow on chest X-ray. Chest computed tomography showed a multilocular cystic mass of 10×4×4 cm in size in the anterior mediastinum. The tumor and the left lobe of the thymus was resected by median sternotomy. Pathologically, type AB thymoma as found in the wall of the cyst.
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698426/-seminoma-of-the-mediastinum-with-cystic-change-report-of-a-case
#7
Atsushi Kagimoto, Koichi Akayama, Satoshi Shibata
The patient was a 25-year-old man. He was diagnosed as having a mediastinal tumor based on chest radiography. Chest computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a cystic tumor in the anterior mediastinum. Total resection of the tumor with median sternotomy was performed. We anticipated that the tumor was a thymic cyst or teratoma, but pathological findings indicated a seminoma. The patient was discharged without any complication, and no recurrence of the lesion has been observed for 8 years after surgery without adjuvant therapy...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698424/-aortic-valve-replacement-via-a-partial-sternotomy-in-an-ankylosing-skeletal-hyperostosis-patient-after-prophylactic-tracheostomy-report-of-a-case
#8
Shogo Saito, Yoshio Misawa, Soki Kurumisawa, Kei Aizawa, Koji Kawahito
A 77-year-old man presented with exertional dyspnea. The patient had a history of ankylosing skeletal hyperostosis and sleep apnea syndrome. Echocardiographic examination revealed severe aortic valve regurgitation. The patient underwent a prophylactic tracheostomy 2 weeks before cardiac surgery to decrease his risk of perioperative respiratory failure. He successfully underwent aortic valve replacement through a lower partial sternotomy. His postoperative course was uneventful, and the tracheostoma was closed 6 months after the cardiac surgery...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698423/-early-structural-valve-deterioration-of-trifecta-biological-prosthesis-report-of-a-case
#9
Atsushi Tamura, Takamichi Yoshizaki, Sho Kusadokoro
Trifecta valve is a 3rd-generation, stented bioprosthesis which is made from one bovine pericardial sheet. A 77-years-old male patient had undergone combine aortic valve replacement (AVR) using a 23-mm Trifecta valve and ascending aorta replacement for severe aortic valve regurgitation and ascending aorta aneurysm. The postoperative period was uneventful. However, he presented with dyspnea on effort and severe aortic valve regurgitation 31 months after operation. Re-do AVR with a new bioprosthetic valve was performed via 2nd sternotomy...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696882/risk-factors-for-mortality-in-reoperations-for-pediatric-and-congenital-heart-surgery-in-a-developing-country
#10
Carlos A Villa-Hincapie, Marisol Carreno-Jaimes, Carlos E Obando-Lopez, Jaime Camacho-Mackenzie, Juan P Umaña-Mallarino, Nestor F Sandoval-Reyes
BACKGROUND: The survival of patients with congenital heart disease has increased in the recent years, because of enhanced diagnostic capabilities, better surgical techniques, and improved perioperative care. Many patients will require reoperation as part of staged procedures or to treat grafts deterioration and residual or recurrent lesions. Reoperations favor the formation of cardiac adhesions and consequently increase surgery time; however, the impact on morbidity and operative mortality is certain...
July 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691983/incorrect-diagnosis-of-type-a-aortic-dissection-attributed-to-motion-artifact-during-computed-tomographic-angiography-a-case-report
#11
Jeremy M Bennett, Bantayehu Sileshi
Early diagnosis of aortic dissection is important to reduce mortality, with surgical management representing standard treatment. Current methods of diagnosing type A aortic dissection include computed tomography angiography (CTA), magnetic resonance imaging, catheter-based arteriography, and transesophageal echocardiography. While each method has merits, there exists potential for false-positive findings. We present a case of a patient who was diagnosed with type A aortic dissection by CTA, but was found to not have an aortic dissection by transesophageal echocardiography under general anesthesia, preventing an unnecessary sternotomy...
July 6, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690750/surgical-repair-of-a-pseudocoarctation-with-cervical-aortic-arch-complicated-by-multiple-aneurysms-of-the-aorta-a-case-report
#12
Said Makani, Julia Mitchell, Olivier Metton, Sylvie Di Filippo, Roland Henaine, Jean Ninet
Aortic pseudocoarctation is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by elongation and deformity of the aortic arch and is known to be associated with aneurysmal formation. Several studies unite to say it leads to a surgical sanction as soon as symptomatic or associated with aneurysms of the aortic arch. Our patient is a 12 years old boy, followed since birth for a little tight pseudocoarctation with a cervical aortic arch and transverse aortic arch hypoplasia. Close clinical and paraclinical monitoring including angioscans, showed the gradual enlargement of the superior mediastinum, in relation with the appearance of three aneurysms of the aortic arch...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684004/tavr-vs-savr-rising-expectations-and-changing-indications-for-surgery-in-response-to-partner-ii
#13
Cristiano Spadaccio, Francesco Nappi, Jean-Louis Sablayrolles, Fraser W H Sutherland
Despite the criticisms and concerns raised on the data published in the PARTNER II trial and related analyses, we are undeniably witnessing a revolution in the management of aortic valve disease, in which conventional full sternotomy surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR), with all related complications and clinical burden, will soon become a nonviable option. Several of the findings described in the PARTNER II trial, although considerable as points of incongruence and study biases in comparison with SAVR, could be taken as lessons to found a new course in SAVR and redesign the respective roles of surgery and interventional procedures in aortic disease...
April 2017: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671862/median-sternotomy-for-lung-transplantation-techniques-and-advantages
#14
Nicholas R Teman, Jianzhou T Xiao, Curtis G Tribble, Patrick E Parrino
Lung transplantation is traditionally performed with a clamshell thoracotomy or bilateral anterior thoracotomy incisions. We have performed 121 lung transplants with a median sternotomy incision from 2013-2017. We present our technique for lung transplantation utilizing cardiopulmonary bypass with a median sternotomy, and discuss the potential advantages of this technique.
June 19, 2017: Heart Surgery Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668317/assessment-and-management-of-cervico-mediastinal-goiter
#15
E Brenet, X Dubernard, J C Mérol, M A Louges, M Labrousse, M Makeieff
Cervico-mediastinal goiter is a particular entity from the point of view of thyroid surgery. Its volume, hardness and intrathoracic extension require the surgeon to adapt technique and perform a painstaking preoperative work-up, so as to draw up fully-fledged plan. CT is now indispensable, to anticipate risks and determine whether sternotomy is needed. Surgery seems to induce more postoperative complications than in conventional surgery, although they can be reduced by retrograde dissection of the inferior laryngeal nerve and downward dissection of the posterior side of the lobe to optimize control of adjacent structures...
June 28, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667440/-surgical-treatment-of-aortic-valve-stenosis
#16
O J Liakopoulos, J Merkle, T Wahlers, Y-H Choi
Surgical aortic valve replacement still represents the gold standard in patients with severe symptomatic aortic valve stenosis. In addition to conventional aortic valve replacement by mechanical or biological prostheses via a median sternotomy, novel approaches including minimally invasive strategies and new devices, such as so-called rapid deployment prostheses, are becoming increasingly more established. Autologous replacement strategies including the Ross and the Ozaki procedures have evolved into reliable options at selected centers of excellence...
June 30, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661602/-treatment-and-prophylaxis-of-complications-of-the-sternotomy-access-in-thoracic-operations
#17
V V Boyko, Yu V Ivanova, D V Vasilyev, Ya V Shafer, E V Mushenko
Literature data and own experience of the treatment complications, occurring after tho- racic operations, using sternotomy access, were presented. Special attention was drawn to postoperative sternomediastinitis - most frequent infectious complication. Measures for the sternomediastinitis prophylaxis, methods of its diagnosis and treat- ment were presented.
August 2016: Klinichna Khirurhiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660682/robotic-versus-thoracoscopic-thymectomy-the-current-evidence
#18
Judith Buentzel, Judith Heinz, Marc Hinterthaner, Friedrich A Schöndube, Carmen Straube, Christian Roever, Alexander Emmert
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to analyze all relevant comparative studies comparing robot-assisted minimally invasive thymectomy (RATS) and video-assisted thoracic surgery thymectomy (VATS) in terms of surgical and short-term outcomes. METHODS: A systematic search for articles describing robot-assisted and video-assisted thymectomy and addressing surgical outcomes, operation time, length of hospitalization, intra-operative blood loss, conversion to sternotomy and post-operative complications was performed using the medical databases...
June 29, 2017: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651347/minimally-invasive-centrimag-ventricular-assist-device-support-integrated-with-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-cardiogenic-shock-patients-a-comparison-with-conventional-centrimag-biventricular-support-configuration
#19
Koji Takeda, Arthur R Garan, Masahiko Ando, Jiho Han, Veli K Topkara, Paul Kurlansky, Melana Yuzefpolskaya, Maryjane A Farr, Paolo C Colombo, Yoshifumi Naka, Hiroo Takayama
OBJECTIVES: We recently developed a novel minimally invasive surgical approach that combines extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and CentriMag ventricular assist device (Ec-VAD) for the treatment of cardiogenic shock as a short-term circulatory support. We compared the outcomes of this new approach to conventional CentriMag biventricular assist device (BiVAD) support through a median sternotomy. METHODS: Between July 2015 and August 2016, 22 patients were implanted with CentriMag Ec-VAD and 90 patients were implanted with conventional CentriMag BiVAD...
June 22, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648774/the-carmat-bioprosthetic-total-artificial-heart-is-associated-with-early-hemostatic-recovery-and-no-acquired-von-willebrand-syndrome-in-calves
#20
David M Smadja, Sophie Susen, Antoine Rauch, Bernard Cholley, Christian Latrémouille, Daniel Duveau, Luca Zilberstein, Denis Méléard, Marie-Fazia Boughenou, Eric Van Belle, Pascale Gaussem, Antoine Capel, Piet Jansen, Alain Carpentier
OBJECTIVES: To determine hemostasis perturbations, including von Willebrand factor (VWF) multimers, after implantation of a new bioprosthetic and pulsatile total artificial heart (TAH). DESIGN: Preclinical study SETTING: Single-center biosurgical research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Female Charolais calves, 2-to-6 months old, weighing 102-to-122 kg. INTERVENTIONS: Surgical implantation of TAH through a mid-sternotomy approach...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
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