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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433220/comparison-of-two-minimally-invasive-techniques-and-median-sternotomy-in-aortic-valve-replacement
#1
Severin Semsroth, Raffaela Matteucci Gothe, Yvonne Rodríguez Raith, Kristof de Brabandere, Esther Hanspeter, Juliane Kilo, Markus Kofler, Ludwig Müller, Elfriede Ruttman-Ulmer, Michael Grimm
BACKGROUND: Propensity score-matched analysis of the anterolateral minithoracotomy and the partial upper hemisternotomy vs the median sternotomy approach has not been reported to date for isolated aortic valve replacement. METHODS: From 2005 to 2013, isolated aortic valve replacement was performed through a partial upper hemisternotomy in 315 patients (38.9%), through a median sternotomy in 328 patients (40.5%), and through an anterolateral minithoracotomy in 167 patients (20...
April 19, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431721/intra-aortic-missile-after-gunshot-wound-to-chest-an-interesting-case-of-traumatic-cardiac-injury
#2
Charles D Fraser, Lee Goeddel, Nishant D Patel, Said C Azoury, Joshua C Grimm, Rosanne B Sheinberg, Christopher M Sciortino
Missile embolus to the heart, although uncommon, is one of the most challenging scenarios in trauma. We describe a 36-year-old man who presented with a gunshot wound to the left chest and a chest x-ray revealing a foreign body in the mediastinum. A median sternotomy was performed and an injury to the left ventricle was identified. After intraoperative echocardiography and fluoroscopy confirmed a foreign body in the aortic root, cardiopulmonary bypass was implemented. A bullet was retrieved from the noncoronary sinus of the aortic valve...
May 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427001/emergency-room-thoracotomy-for-acute-traumatic-cardiac-tamponade-caused-by-a-blunt-cardiac-injury-a-case-report
#3
Kenichiro Ishida, Yoshihiro Kinoshita, Nobutaka Iwasa, Masaro Nakae, Masayuki Sakaki, Yohei Ieki, Kyosuke Takahashi, Yumiko Shimahara, Taku Sogabe, Keiichiro Shimono, Mitsuhiro Noborio, Daikai Sadamitsu
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic blunt cardiac injuries have a high mortality rate, and prompt diagnosis and treatment can be lifesaving in cardiac tamponade. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 62-year-old man was transferred to the emergency department after a motor vehicle accident. He was hemodynamically unstable. A focused assessment with sonography in trauma (FAST) showed pericardial fluid with right ventricular collapse consistent with cardiac tamponade in the subxiphoid view...
April 5, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425317/mortality-risk-factors-from-converting-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-to-on-pump-coronary-artery-bypass
#4
Na Miao, Feng Yang, Zhongtao Du, Chunjing Jiang, Xing Hao, Jinhong Wang, Yu Jiang, Xiaofang Yang, Haixiu Xie, Xiaotong Hou
INTRODUCTION: A number of large-scale retrospective studies revealed that off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) was superior to on-pump coronary artery bypass (ONCAB). The aim of the study was to investigate risk factors for mortality when OPCAB is converted to ONCAB. METHODS: Patients who underwent OPCAB conversion to ONCAB at the Beijing Anzhen Hospital between January 2003 and January 2013 were assigned to the non-survivor and survivor groups. Background demographics, illness history and preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative variables were compared...
April 1, 2017: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415905/cardiac-perivascular-epithelioid-cell-tumor
#5
Sanjay Rao, P Pavithra, Sunil Bhat, Colin John, Ashley J D'Cruz
Cardiac tumors presenting as mediastinal masses in childhood are rare. This report describes the case of a 6-year-old girl who presented to us after a failed attempt at resection of a mass arising from the left atrial appendage. Computed tomography-guided biopsy suggested a perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa). Sirolimus was started in order to reduce the mass size. She subsequently underwent resection of the mass by midline sternotomy approach and cardiopulmonary bypass. Recovery was uneventful and the child is doing well at two-year follow-up...
January 1, 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414995/case-report-of-an-intracaval-leiomyomatosis-10-months-after-complete-hysterectomy
#6
Hannah Maria Schäfer, Andrej Isaak, Lorenz Gürke
INTRODUCTION: Intravenous leiomyomatosis (IVL) is a rare smooth muscle tumor, usually found in women with tumors of the reproductive organs, such as uterus myomatosous. Surgically, this case belies the call for sternotomy and two-stage surgery in caval IVL extending to the right atrium: we suggest one-stage median laparotomy as a minimal procedure with maximal benefit. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present the case of a 60-year-old postmenopausal woman with suspected intravenous leiomyomatosis of the right internal iliac vein...
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412961/perventricular-double-device-closure-of-wide-spaced-multi-hole-perimembranous-ventricular-septal-defect
#7
Fei Liang, Li Hongxin, Hai-Zhou Zhang, Guo Wenbin, Cheng-Wei Zou, Zeeshan Farhaj
BACKGROUND: Device closure of a wide-spaced multi-hole PmVSD is difficult to succeed in percutaneous approach. This study is to evaluate the feasibility, safety and efficacy of perventricular device closure of wide-spaced multi-hole PmVSD using a double-device implanting technique. METHODS: Sixteen patients with wide-spaced multi-hole PmVSD underwent perventricular closure with two devices through an inferior median sternotomy approach under transesophageal echocardiographic guidance...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412038/surgical-treatment-of-postintubation-tracheal-stenosis-a-retrospective-22-patient-series-from-a-single-center
#8
Ahmet Ulusan, Maruf Sanli, Ahmet Feridun Isik, İlknur Aytekin Celik, Bulent Tuncozgur, Levent Elbeyli
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: We aimed to present cases of postintubation tracheal stenosis (PITS), all due to long-term intubation and treated surgically in a university hospital, and to discuss them in light of the literature. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 22 patients who were treated with tracheal resection and reconstruction due to PITS were included. Demographics, intubation characteristics, localization of stenosis, surgical technique and material, postoperative complications, and survival of patients were recorded...
April 12, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407104/minimally-invasive-or-conventional-edge-to-edge-repair-for-severe-mitral-regurgitation-due-to-bileaflet-prolapse-in-barlow-s-disease-does-the-surgical-approach-have-an-impact-on-the-long-term-results-%C3%A2
#9
Michele De Bonis, Elisabetta Lapenna, Benedetto Del Forno, Stefania Di Sanzo, Andrea Giacomini, Davide Schiavi, Luca Vicentini, Azeem Latib, Alberto Pozzoli, Federico Pappalardo, Giovanni La Canna, Ottavio Alfieri
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether the adoption of a right minithoracotomy operative approach had an impact on the long-term results of edge-to-edge (EE) repair compared to conventional sternotomy in patients with Barlow's disease and bileaflet prolapse. METHODS: We assessed the long-term results of 104 patients with Barlow's disease treated with a minimally invasive EE technique. An equal number of patients had a conventional median sternotomy EE repair for the same disease and were used as a control group...
April 11, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400498/effect-of-thoracic-epidural-anesthesia-on-heart-rate-variability-in-a-porcine-model
#10
Arjun Mahajan, Tatsuo Takamiya, Peyman Benharash, Wei Zhou
Heart rate variability (HRV) is increasingly recognized as a means of evaluating autonomic tone. Thoracic epidural anesthesia (TEA) has been previously demonstrated to suppress the electrical storms in patients. However, the effect of TEA on HRV during sympathoexcitation remains unknown. In this study, we aimed to determine the effects of TEA on HRV response to left stellate ganglion stimulation (LSS) in a porcine model. In 12 anesthetized pigs after insertion of an epidural catheter to T1 level, a median sternotomy was performed to expose the heart and the left stellate ganglion...
April 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394022/limited-versus-full-sternotomy-for-aortic-valve-replacement
#11
REVIEW
Bilal H Kirmani, Sion G Jones, S C Malaisrie, Darryl A Chung, Richard Jnn Williams
BACKGROUND: Aortic valve disease is a common condition that is easily treatable with cardiac surgery. This is conventionally performed by opening the sternum longitudinally down the centre ("median sternotomy") and replacing the valve under cardiopulmonary bypass. Median sternotomy is generally well tolerated, but as less invasive options have become available, the efficacy of limited incisions has been called into question. In particular, the effects of reducing the visibility and surgical access has raised safety concerns with regards to the placement of cannulae, venting of the heart, epicardial wire placement, and de-airing of the heart at the end of the procedure...
April 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393776/serial-semi-invasive-hemodynamic-assessment-following-pericardiectomy-for-chronic-constrictive-pericarditis
#12
Ujjwal Kumar Chowdhury, Poonam Malhotra Kapoor, Adil Rizvi, Vishwas Malik, Sandeep Seth, Rajiv Narang, Mani Kalaivani, Sarvesh Pal Singh, Sathiya Selvam
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to prospectively investigate the effects of pericardiectomy via median sternotomy on intra- and postoperative hemodynamics by a new semi-invasive device (Flotrac/VigileoTM monitor) using arterial pressure waveform analysis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty consecutive patients aged 15 to 55 years (mean+SD, 31.73 + 13.53 years), who had undergone total pericardiectomy via median sternotomy underwent serial hemodynamic evaluation. FlotracTM Sensor - derived stroke volume, stroke volume variation, systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI), cardiac index and right atrial pressure were measured just before and after pericardiectomy, at 12 hours, 24 hours, 48 hours, 72 hours and at discharge postoperatively...
April 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393738/surgical-management-of-postoperative-ductal-aneurysm-a-case-report
#13
Alaae Boutayeb, Loubna Mahfoudi, Said Moughil
We report the case of 24-year-old woman who presented with ductal aneurysm 7 years after a triple ligation of a patent ductus arteriosus. She underwent successful repair through median sternotomy and under moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest and selective cerebral perfusion.
April 10, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391520/neonatal-repair-of-left-atrial-diverticulum-with-gigantic-thrombus-without-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#14
Akihiko Higashida, Takaya Hoashi, Heima Sakaguchi, Hajime Ichikawa
A 5-day-old neonate with coarctation of the aorta, hypoplastic aortic arch, large apical muscular ventricular septal defect, and patent ductus arteriosus developed pulmonary over-circulation and systemic hypoperfusion underwent bilateral pulmonary artery banding through median sternotomy as a part of hybrid stage I palliation. At operation, left atrial diverticulum with gigantic thrombus formation at the base of the left atrial appendage was incidentally detected by intraoperative direct echocardiography, and therefore, was successfully resected with the whole thrombus inside it without use of cardiopulmonary bypass...
April 8, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379465/surgical-retrieval-of-a-degenerated-sapien-3-valve-after-29-months
#15
Pietro Giorgio Malvindi, Carmine Carbone, Cataldo Labriola, Domenico Paparella
A 70-year-old man developed heart failure due to severe mixed disease of a degenerated transcatheter aortic valve prosthesis. The patient underwent retrieval of the transcatheter aortic valve and implantation of a 25-mm bioprosthesis through a redo sternotomy.
March 31, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374676/a-meta-analysis-on-clinical-outcomes-after-transaortic-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-by-the-heart-team
#16
Hafid Amrane, Fabiano Porta, Ad J Van Boven, A Pieter Kappetein, Stuart J Head
AIMS: This study performed a meta-analysis on transaortic (TAo) transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), in order to gain more insight into the safety and efficacy of the approach in addition to the data available from selected centers with small numbers of patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: PubMed and EMBASE were searched on August 31st, 2016. The search yielded 251 studies, of which 16 studies with 1907 patients were included in the meta-analysis. All studies were observational, single-arm studies...
April 4, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374618/the-economic-value-of-rapid-deployment-aortic-valve-replacement-via-full-sternotomy
#17
Matt Moore, Glenn R Barnhart, W Randolph Chitwood, John A Rizzo, Candace Gunnarsson, Swetha R Palli, Eugene A Grossi
AIM: To compare the economic value of EDWARDS INTUITY Elite™ (EIE) valve system for rapid-deployment aortic valve replacement (RDAVR) in a full sternotomy (FS) approach (EIE-FS-RDAVR) versus FS-AVR using conventional stented bioprosthesis. DATA & METHODS: A simulation model to compare each treatment's 30-day inpatient utilization and complication rates utilized: clinical end points obtained from the TRANSFORM trial patient subset (EIE-FS-RDAVR) and a best evidence review of the published literature (FS-AVR); and costs from the Premier database and published literature...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370059/congenital-lobar-emphysema-in-a-kitten
#18
M Blonk, I Van de Maele, A Combes, B Stablay, H De Cock, I Polis, G Rybachuk, H de Rooster
A five-month-old ragdoll cat presented with severe respiratory signs, unresponsive to medical therapy. Hyperinflation of the right middle lung lobe was diagnosed with radiography and computed tomography. Lung lobectomy following a median sternotomy led to full recovery. Histopathological analysis revealed lobar emphysema and, based on the animal's age, congenital lobar emphysema was considered the most likely diagnosis.
March 28, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369643/epicardial-clip-occlusion-of-the-left-atrial-appendage-during-cardiac-surgery-provides-optimal-surgical-results-and-long-term-stability%C3%A2
#19
Vojtech Kurfirst, Aleš Mokrácek, Júlia Canádyová, Radim Frána, Petr Zeman
OBJECTIVES: Occlusion of the left atrial appendage (LAA) has become an integral and important part of the surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation. Different methods of surgical occlusion of the LAA have been associated with varying levels of short- and long-term success for closure. The purpose of this study was to evaluate long-term results of epicardial placement and endocardial occlusion in patients undergoing cardiac operative procedures. METHODS: A total of 101 patients (average age 65...
March 27, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359506/single-stage-hybrid-repair-of-right-aortic-arch-with-kommerell-s-diverticulum
#20
Cristian Rosu, Jean-François Dorval, Cherrie Zack Abraham, Raymond Cartier, Philippe Demers
Kommerell diverticulum is uncommon, and it carries risks of dissection or rupture. Hybrid aortic arch repair is being used increasingly for this pathology. We report the hybrid arch repair of Kommerell diverticulum in a 72-year-old woman known for muscular dystrophy and right aortic arch with aberrant left subclavian artery. Head-vessel debranching was performed through median sternotomy using a handmade, bifurcated, Dacron graft. Stent-grafting was performed from the ascending aorta to the proximal descending aorta...
April 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
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