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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212419/evaluating-the-lexico-grammatical-differences-in-the-writing-of-native-and-non-native-speakers-of-english-in-peer-reviewed-medical-journals-in-the-field-of-pediatric-oncology-creation-of-the-genuine-index-scoring-system
#1
Alberto Alexander Gayle, Motomu Shimaoka
INTRODUCTION: The predominance of English in scientific research has created hurdles for "non-native speakers" of English. Here we present a novel application of native language identification (NLI) for the assessment of medical-scientific writing. For this purpose, we created a novel classification system whereby scoring would be based solely on text features found to be distinctive among native English speakers (NS) within a given context. We dubbed this the "Genuine Index" (GI). METHODOLOGY: This methodology was validated using a small set of journals in the field of pediatric oncology...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207982/understanding-ethical-issues-of-research-participation-from-the-perspective-of-participating-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#2
Stacey Crane, Marion E Broome
BACKGROUND: The past 20 years have seen distinct shifts in the way the participation of children and adolescents in research is viewed. This has been emphasized by the growing pediatric research enterprise. Additional information on children's and adolescents' experiences during research participation is needed to better inform researchers on the ethical conduct of research with this vulnerable population. AIMS: The objective of this analysis was to examine ethical issues in research with children and adolescents from their perspective as participants, including: assent, parental consent, risk perception, impact of research participation, and incentives...
February 16, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182805/assessment-of-readability-understandability-and-completeness-of-pediatric-hospital-medicine-discharge-instructions
#3
Ndidi I Unaka, Angela Statile, Julianne Haney, Andrew F Beck, Patrick W Brady, Karen E Jerardi
The average American adult reads at an 8th-grade level. Discharge instructions written above this level might increase the risk of adverse outcomes for children as they transition from hospital to home. We conducted a cross-sectional study at a large urban academic children's hospital to describe readability levels, understandability scores, and completeness of written instructions given to families at hospital discharge. Two hundred charts for patients discharged from the hospital medicine service were randomly selected for review...
February 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165536/journal-of-pediatric-psychology-editorial-board
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165534/journal-of-pediatric-psychology-volume-42-number-1-january-february-2017
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165530/journal-of-pediatric-psychology-front-cover
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162193/-the-quality-of-epidemiological-research-on-pediatric-refractive-error-and-amblyopia-in-china-needs-to-be-improved
#7
M G He
Over the past decade, great progress has been made in the clinical and epidemiological studies on refractive error and amblyopia in children with research findings published in international peer reviewed journals. This article reviews some of the essential publications so that the research findings could be learnt extensively, understood critically and objectively, and applied effectively to clinical practice. We aim to address the current limitations and shed light on clinical practice. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2017, 53: 3-6)...
January 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139403/cultivating-critical-thinking-using-virtual-interactive-case-studies
#8
Susan M Burke
Critical thinking is an essential component of diagnostic reasoning, clinical decision making and professional accountability. Nurse practitioner students often struggle to view the interrelationship of these concepts. Since the development of critical thinking skills is an inferential process, the experiential characteristics of preceptor supervised clinical practice have been identified as a valuable resource. Scarcity of quality preceptors and clinical practice sites necessitates other supplemental experiential activities...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130430/involvement-of-fathers-in-pediatric-obesity-treatment-and-prevention-trials-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Philip J Morgan, Myles D Young, Adam B Lloyd, Monica L Wang, Narelle Eather, Andrew Miller, Elaine M Murtagh, Alyce T Barnes, Sherry L Pagoto
CONTEXT: Despite their important influence on child health, it is assumed that fathers are less likely than mothers to participate in pediatric obesity treatment and prevention research. OBJECTIVE: This review investigated the involvement of fathers in obesity treatment and prevention programs targeting children and adolescents (0-18 years). DATA SOURCES: A systematic review of English, peer-reviewed articles across 7 databases. Retrieved records included at least 1 search term from 2 groups: "participants" (eg, child*, parent*) and "outcomes": (eg, obes*, diet*)...
February 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129878/50-years-ago-in-the-journal-of-pediatrics-migraine
#10
Susy Jeng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129874/50-years-ago-in-the-journal-of-pediatrics-primary-meningoencephalitis-infection-with-hartmannella-acanthamoeba
#11
Piyush Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129870/50-years-ago-in-the-journal-of-pediatrics-vitamin-e-deficiency-a-previously-unrecognized-cause-of-hemolytic-anemia-in-the-premature-infant
#12
Alexandra N Carey, Christopher Duggan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129869/50-years-ago-in-the-journal-of-pediatrics-cerebral-lesions-in-congenital-rubella-syndrome
#13
Raye-Ann deRegnier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129868/50-years-ago-in-the-journal-of-pediatrics-wiskott-aldrich-syndrome-clinical-immunologic-and-pathologic-observations
#14
Emily B Heikamp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127172/orocraniofacial-findings-of-a-pediatric-patient-with-joubert-syndrome
#15
Mridula Goswami, Anju S Rajwar, Mahesh Verma
: Joubert syndrome (JS) is a very rare autosomal recessive disorder, involving agenesis or dysgenesis of cerebellar vermis and brain stem. The neurological features of JS include hypotonia, ataxia, developmental delay, intellectual disability, abnormal eye movements, and neonatal breathing dysregulation. These may be associated with multiorgan involvement, mainly retinal dystrophy, nephronophthisis, hepatic fibrosis, and polydactyly. An obligatory hallmark feature associated with JS is the molar tooth sign (MTS), a complex midbrain-hindbrain malformation visible on brain imaging...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125824/discharge-handoff-communication-and-pediatric-readmissions
#16
Ryan J Coller, Thomas S Klitzner, Adrianna A Saenz, Carlos F Lerner, Lauren G Alderette, Bergen B Nelson, Paul J Chung
BACKGROUND: Improvement in hospital transitional care has become a major national priority, although the impact on children's postdischarge outcomes is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To characterize common handoff practices between hospital and primary care providers (PCPs), and test the hypothesis that common handoff practices would be associated with fewer unplanned readmissions. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS: This prospective cohort study enrolled randomly selected pediatric patients during an acute hospitalization at a tertiary children's hospital in 2012-2014...
January 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118175/impact-of-antibodies-that-react-with-liver-tissue-and-donor-specific-anti-hla-antibodies-in-pediatric-idiopathic-posttransplantation-hepatitis
#17
Yoshihiro Hirata, Atsushi Yoshizawa, Hiroto Egawa, Daisuke Ueda, Shinya Okamoto, Hideaki Okajima, Kimiko Yurugi, Rie Hishida, Hideyo Hirai, Aya Miyagawa-Hayashino, Taira Maekawa, Hironori Haga, Sinji Uemoto
BACKGROUND: The cause of late graft dysfunction has not been elucidated. Although an antibody-mediated reaction is suspected as a potential mechanism, the target antigens have not been clarified. METHODS: To clarify the etiology of idiopathic posttransplantation hepatitis (IPTH), we simultaneously examined the presence of antibodies that react with liver tissue (ARLT) by means of indirect immunofluorescence staining, as well as the presence of donor-specific anti-human leukocyte antigen antibodies (HLA-DSA)...
January 23, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114186/pediatric-hiv-disclosure-intervention-improves-knowledge-and-clinical-outcomes-in-hiv-infected-children-in-namibia
#18
Kristin M Beima-Sofie, Laura Brandt, Ndapewa Hamunime, Mark Shepard, James Uusiku, Grace C John-Stewart, Gabrielle O'malley
OBJECTIVES: Using routinely collected data, we evaluated a nationally implemented intervention to assist healthcare workers and caregivers with HIV disclosure to children. We assessed impact of the intervention on child's knowledge and health outcomes. METHODS: Data was abstracted from national databases and patient charts for HIV-infected children aged 7-15 years attending 4 high volume HIV clinics in Namibia. Disclosure rates, time to disclosure, and HIV knowledge in 314 children participating in the intervention were analyzed...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100291/systematic-review-of-neuropsychological-rehabilitation-for-prospective-memory-deficits-as-a-consequence-of-acquired-brain-injury
#19
Steven Mahan, Rebecca Rous, Anna Adlam
OBJECTIVES: Prospective memory (PM) impairments are common following acquired brain injury (ABI). PM is the ability to keep a goal in mind for future action and interventions have the potential to increase independence. This review aimed to evaluate studies examining PM rehabilitation approaches in adults and children with ABI. METHODS: Relevant literature was identified using PsycARTICLES (1894 to present), PsycINFO (1880 to present), the Cochrane Library (1972 to present), MEDLINE PubMed, reference lists from relevant journal articles, and searches of key journals...
January 19, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095399/evaluation-of-treatment-related-mortality-among-paediatric-cancer-deaths-a-population-based-analysis
#20
Jason D Pole, Paul Gibson, Marie-Chantal Ethier, Tanya Lazor, Donna L Johnston, Carol Portwine, Mariana Silva, Sarah Alexander, Lillian Sung
BACKGROUND: Objectives were to describe the proportion of deaths due to treatment-related mortality (TRM) and to identify risk factors and probable causes of TRM among paediatric cancer deaths in a population-based cohort. METHODS: We included children with cancer ⩽18 years diagnosed and treated in Ontario who died between January 2003 and December 2012. Deaths were identified using a provincial registry, the Pediatric Oncology Group of Ontario Networked Information System...
February 14, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
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