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journal of pediatrics

Lisa J Meltzer
Research in the field of pediatric sleep has grown significantly in the past 25 years. However, because much remains to be learned about the complex and dynamic relationship between sleep and developmental psychopathology, this special issue of the Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology was created to provide an influx of cutting-edge research on this important topic. This introduction provides an overview of the special issue, with articles focusing on what different measurement approaches tells us about the intersection of sleep and developmental psychopathology; the overlap between interventions for sleep and anxiety; sleep as a potential mechanism for the development of social, emotional, and behavioral problems; and how population-based studies can be used to consider the interaction between sleep, well-being, and symptoms of psychopathology...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Seung Man Cho, Byung-Ho Choe
This review article was requested by editor-in-chief of this journal as 'pediatric CHB treatment' for the upcoming special issue. The main objective of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) treatment is diminishing the risk of complications related to chronic liver disease. In Asia, there are already some reports about hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in hepatitis B virus (HBV) infected children. The key points of treatment in children with CHB infections are selection of which patients to treat and conformation of the optimal therapy time that would reduce viral resistance...
September 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
Tarig Ali-Dinar, Jason E Lang
Obesity is a major risk factor for several conditions including atherosclerotic disease, metabolic syndrome, and upper airway dysfunction. However, the purported link between obesity and asthma has remained more difficult to define, in part due to limitations in past epidemiologic studies and the inherent challenge in accurately defining asthma in children. It is possible that obesity leads to asthma only in the presence of a mediating variable such as an obesity-related conditions such as esophageal reflux or insulin resistance...
October 17, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
Camilla S Hanson, Jonathan C Craig, Allison Tong
Patient- and family-centered care is hailed as a hallmark of high-quality pediatric care. This partnership between patients, families and their healthcare providers is central to caring for children with chronic kidney disease (CKD), given the long-term and profound impact of the disease and its treatment on the development and quality of life of these children. This paradigm hinges on a comprehensive and detailed understanding of the needs, beliefs and values of children with CKD and their families. However, their perspectives may remain undisclosed during time-limited clinical consultations and because of beliefs that if they did disclose their concerns, their care would be jeopardized...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
R M Dorman, L M Yee, S H Sutton
In our perinatal HIV cohort, we have observed difficulty swallowing pills as a frequent and significant barrier to adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy. We refer to this problem as pill aversion and define it as difficulty swallowing pills with no persistent medical or structural cause as well as the anxiety and physical symptoms associated with pill swallowing. By applying cognitive behavioral theory to behavioral patterns within our pregnant HIV-infected population, we seek to better understand the development and reinforcement of pill aversion behavior...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Robert H Friesen
Pediatric cardiac anesthesia has developed over the past eight decades into a specialty delivering complex clinical care and contributing remarkable scientific progress. The history of this development can be traced through journal articles that mark the strides of the specialty. This article discusses journal articles, chosen by the author, that he considers had a significant impact on the practice of pediatric cardiac anesthesia or are of historical interest.
October 13, 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Christian Blake Cameron, Vinay Nair, Manu Varma, Martha Adams, Kenar D Jhaveri, Matthew A Sparks
BACKGROUND: Electronic educational (e-learning) technology usage continues to grow. Many medical journals operate companion blogs (an application of e-learning technology) that enable rapid dissemination of scientific knowledge and discourse. Faculty members participating in promotion and tenure academic tracks spend valuable time and effort contributing, editing, and directing these medical journal blogs. OBJECTIVE: We sought to understand whether chairs of medicine and pediatric departments acknowledge blog authorship as academic achievement...
June 23, 2016: JMIR Med Educ
Nooshin Razani, Michael A Kohn, Nancy M Wells, Doug Thompson, Hanna Hamilton Flores, George W Rutherford
BACKGROUND: Contact with nature improves human health; stress reduction is a mediating pathway. Stay Healthy in Nature Everyday (SHINE) is a stress reduction and health promotion intervention for low-income families at an urban Federally Qualified Health Center. We plan to evaluate two service-delivery models for SHINE and present here the intervention design and evaluation protocol. METHODS: Behavioral change theory and environmental education literature informed the intervention...
September 29, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
C H Backes, E M Bonachea, B K Rivera, M M Reynolds, C E Kovalchin, K M Reber, M K Ball, R Sutsko, S R Guntupalli, C V Smith, J D Mahan, M M Carbajal
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the preparedness of pediatric residents entering accredited neonatal-perinatal medicine (NPM) fellowships in the United States. STUDY DESIGN: A multi-domain, validated survey was distributed to Program Directors (PDs) of US NPM fellowship programs. The 47-item survey explored 5 domains: professionalism, independent practice, psychomotor ability, clinical evaluation, and academia. A systematic, qualitative analysis on free-text comments was also performed...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Jonathan B Koffel, Melissa L Rethlefsen
BACKGROUND: A high-quality search strategy is considered an essential component of systematic reviews but many do not contain reproducible search strategies. It is unclear if low reproducibility spans medical disciplines, is affected by librarian/search specialist involvement or has improved with increased awareness of reporting guidelines. OBJECTIVES: To examine the reporting of search strategies in systematic reviews published in Pediatrics, Surgery or Cardiology journals in 2012 and determine rates and predictors of including a reproducible search strategy...
2016: PloS One
Itaru Iwama, Moriyasu Kohama
Unilateral lung whiteout is not a common pediatric chest radiograph finding, but when it is encountered, timely and accurate interpretations of the radiograph are required because life-threatening respiratory failure can be associated. Lung whiteout may result from several conditions, and the differential diagnosis has a broad range. We describe 4 pediatric patients with different etiologies of unilateral lung whiteout: a large pleural effusion, mainstem bronchial plugging with a large cast, a mediastinal tumor, and consolidation...
September 24, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Zafira Bhaloo, Denise Adams, Yali Liu, Namrata Hansraj, Lisa Hartling, Caroline B Terwee, Sunita Vohra
OBJECTIVE: Conduct a systematic review of pediatric randomized controlled trials published in high impact journals to assess the reporting of primary outcomes and the psychometric properties of their measures. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Systematic review with screening and simultaneous data extraction conducted by two independent reviewers. Electronic searches of six general medicine and four pediatric journals were conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) databases...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
Aseem R Shukla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Joseph Lopez, Nicholas Calotta, Ankur Doshi, Ashwin Soni, Jacqueline Milton, James W May, Anthony P Tufaro
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to determine and characterize the scientific and nonscientific factors that influence the rate of article citation in the field of plastic surgery. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: We reviewed all entries in Annals of Plastic Surgery and Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive, and Aesthetic Surgery from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2007; and Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2008...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Amanda Martin, Kira Becker, Martina Darragh, James Giordano
BACKGROUND: Neuroethics describes several interdisciplinary topics exploring the application and implications of engaging neuroscience in societal contexts. To explore this topic, we present Part 3 of a four-part bibliography of neuroethics' literature focusing on the "ethics of neuroscience." METHODS: To complete a systematic survey of the neuroethics literature, 19 databases and 4 individual open-access journals were employed. Searches were conducted using the indexing language of the U...
2016: Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine: PEHM
Lisa Phillips, Sasha Carsen, Anisha Vasireddi, Kishore Mulpuri
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcomes are increasingly used as primary measures of success and impact of health care services. There is no current consensus on the efficacy of functional health status (FHS) or health-related quality of life (HRQoL) evaluation in pediatric orthopaedic surgery. The purpose of this study was to quantify and characterize the use of such patient-reported outcomes in the pediatric orthopaedic literature over the last several years. METHODS: A cross-sectional review of 6 orthopaedic journals-Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Bone and Joint Journal, Spine, Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics A, Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics B, and Journal of Children's Orthopaedics, was conducted by 2 independent reviewers...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Eyal Reinstein, Ana Gutierrez-Fernandez, Shay Tzur, Concetta Bormans, Shai Marcu, Einav Tayeb-Fligelman, Chana Vinkler, Annick Raas-Rothschild, Dana Irge, Meytal Landau, Mordechai Shohat, Xose S Puente, Doron M Behar, Carlos Lopez-Otın
In the vast majority of pediatric patients with dilated cardiomyopathy, the specific etiology is unknown. Studies on families with dilated cardiomyopathy have exemplified the role of genetic factors in cardiomyopathy etiology. In this study, we applied whole-exome sequencing to members of a non-consanguineous family affected by a previously unreported congenital dilated cardiomyopathy syndrome necessitating early-onset heart transplant. Exome analysis identified compound heterozygous variants in the FLNC gene...
September 7, 2016: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
Nur Altinörs, Serhat Cömert, Erkin Sönmez, Faruk Altinel
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the contribution of Turkish scientists to four journals published by Journal of Neurosurgery Publishing Group and to Acta Neurochirurgica(AN) and to its Supplement (ANS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed every issue of those journals to December 2015 for the total number of articles , articles produced from studies done entirely in Turkey and for publications overseas coauthored by the Turkish scientists using the websites of these journals...
April 20, 2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
Oluyemisi Aderomilehin, Angella Hanciles-Amu, Oluwatobi Ohiole Ozoya
BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has the highest prevalence of HIV globally, and this is due to persistent new HIV infections and decline in HIV/AIDS-related mortality from improved access to antiretroviral (ART) therapy. There is a limited body of work on perspectives of health-care providers (HCPs) concerning disclosing outcomes of HIV investigations to children and adolescents in SSA. Most studies are country-specific, indicating a need for a regional scope. OBJECTIVE: To review the current literature on the perspectives of HCPs and caregivers of children and adolescents on age group-specific and culture-sensitive HIV disclosure practice...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Virginia Mirra, Sergio Bernasconi
This review focuses key advances in different pediatric fields that were published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2015. Weaning studies continue to show promise for preventing food allergy. New diagnostic tools are available for identifying the allergic origin of allergic-like symptoms. Advances have been reported in obesity, short stature and autoimmune endocrine disorders. New molecules are offered to reduce weight gain and insulin-resistance in obese children. Regional investigations may provide suggestions for preventing short stature...
August 27, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
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