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Simone Aparecida Penimpedo Calamita, Daniela Aparecida Biasotto-Gonzalez, Nívea Cristina De Melo, Marco Antônio Fumagalli, César Ferreira Amorim, Cid André Fidelis de Paula Gomes, Fabiano Politti
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess changes in upper trapezius myoelectric activity and pain in patients with nonspecific neck pain after a single session of acupuncture (ACP). METHODS: A blinded randomized clinical trial was conducted. Fifteen patients with nonspecific neck pain and 15 healthy participants were enrolled in a randomized, single-blinded, crossover study. Each participant was subjected to a single session of ACP and sham acupuncture (SACP)...
March 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Linda Resnik, He Helen Huang, Anna Winslow, Dustin L Crouch, Fan Zhang, Nancy Wolk
BACKGROUND: Although electromyogram (EMG) pattern recognition (PR) for multifunctional upper limb prosthesis control has been reported for decades, the clinical benefits have rarely been examined. The study purposes were to: 1) compare self-report and performance outcomes of a transradial amputee immediately after training and one week after training of direct myoelectric control and EMG pattern recognition (PR) for a two-degree-of-freedom (DOF) prosthesis, and 2) examine the change in outcomes one week after pattern recognition training and the rate of skill acquisition in two subjects with transradial amputations...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
Steffi L Colyer, Polly M McGuigan
Textile electromyography (EMG) electrodes embedded in clothing allow muscle excitation to be recorded in previously inaccessible settings; however, their ability to accurately and reliably measure EMG during dynamic tasks remains largely unexplored. To quantify the validity and reliability of textile electrodes, 16 recreationally active males completed two identical testing sessions, within which three functional movements (run, cycle and squat) were performed twice: once wearing EMG shorts (measuring quadriceps, hamstrings and gluteals myoelectric activity) and once with surface EMG electrodes attached to the vastus lateralis, biceps femoris and gluteus maximus...
March 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
Ivan Vujaklija, Vahid Shalchyan, Ernest N Kamavuako, Ning Jiang, Hamid R Marateb, Dario Farina
BACKGROUND: In this paper, we propose a nonlinear minimally supervised method based on autoencoding (AEN) of EMG for myocontrol. The proposed method was tested against the state-of-the-art (SOA) control scheme using a Fitts' law approach. METHODS: Seven able-bodied subjects performed a series of target acquisition myoelectric control tasks using the AEN and SOA algorithms for controlling two degrees-of-freedom (radial/ulnar deviation and flexion/extension of the wrist), and their online performance was characterized by six metrics...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
Shmuel Springer, Zvi Kozol, Zvi Reznic
The aim of this study was to test the effects of kilohertz frequency alternating current (KHFAC) surface stimulation applied to the ulnar nerve on force and myoelectrical activity of the abductor digiti minimi (ADM) muscle. Eighteen healthy volunteers (age: 27.6 ± 7.9 years; 10 males, 8 females) were included in the study. Each subject participated in one session during which a biphasic 7 kHz rectangular pulse was delivered above the medial epicondyle of the humerus to induce ulnar nerve blocking. ADM electromyographic (EMG) activity and contraction force were measured before (Pre), immediately after, and following 5 and 10 min post stimulation (post 1, post 2)...
March 8, 2018: Artificial Organs
Wei Yang, Dapeng Yang, Yu Liu, Hong Liu
For describing the state of the wrist, either the force or movement of wrist can be measured as the training target in the simultaneous electromyography control. However, the relationship between the force and movement is so complex that only the force or movement is not precise enough to describe its actual situations. In this paper, we propose a novel platform that can acquire three degrees of freedom (DOF) wrist motion/force synchronously with multi-channel electromyography signals in a hemi-constraint way...
March 5, 2018: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
Kamiar Ghoseiri, Mostafa Allami, Mohammad Reza Soroush, Mohammad Yusuf Rastkhadiv
The prevalence of limb amputation is increasing globally as a devastating experience that can physically and psychologically affect the lifestyle of a person. The residual limb pain and phantom limb pain are common disabling sequelae after amputation surgery. Assistive devices/technologies can be used to relieve pain in people with amputation. The existing assistive devices/technologies for pain management in people with amputation include electrical nerve block devices/technologies, TENS units, elastomeric pumps and catheters, residual limb covers, laser systems, myoelectric prostheses and virtual reality systems, etc...
January 23, 2018: Military Medical Research
Lorenzo Grazi, Simona Crea, Andrea Parri, Raffaele Molino Lova, Silvestro Micera, Nicola Vitiello
We present a novel assistive control strategy for a robotic hip exoskeleton for assisting hip flexion/extension, based on a proportional Electromyography (EMG) strategy. The novelty of the proposed controller relies on the use of the Gastrocnemius Medialis (GM) EMG signal instead of a hip flexor muscle, to control the hip flexion torque. This strategy has two main advantages: first, avoiding the placement of the EMG electrodes at the human-robot interface can reduce discomfort issues for the user and motion artifacts of the recorded signals; second, using a powerful signal for control, such as the GM, could improve the reliability of the control system...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Yao Zhang, Yanjian Liao, Xiaoying Wu, Lin Chen, Qiliang Xiong, Zhixian Gao, Xiaolin Zheng, Guanglin Li, Wensheng Hou
So far, little is known how the sample assignment of surface electromyogram (sEMG) features in training set influences the recognition efficiency of hand gesture, and the aim of this study is to explore the impact of different sample arrangements in training set on the classification of hand gestures dominated with similar muscle activation patterns. Seven right-handed healthy subjects (24.2 ± 1.2 years) were recruited to perform similar grasping tasks (fist, spherical, and cylindrical grasping) and similar pinch tasks (finger, key, and tape pinch)...
2018: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
Farzaneh Ahmadi, Farzad Noorian, Daniel Novakovic, André van Schaik
Despite emergent progress in many fields of bionics, a functional Bionic Voice prosthesis for laryngectomy patients (larynx amputees) has not yet been achieved, leading to a lifetime of vocal disability for these patients. This study introduces a novel framework of Pneumatic Bionic Voice Prostheses as an electronic adaptation of the Pneumatic Artificial Larynx (PAL) device. The PAL is a non-invasive mechanical voice source, driven exclusively by respiration with an exceptionally high voice quality, comparable to the existing gold standard of Tracheoesophageal (TE) voice prosthesis...
2018: PloS One
Manelle Merad, Étienne de Montalivet, Amélie Touillet, Noël Martinet, Agnès Roby-Brami, Nathanaël Jarrassé
Most transhumeral amputees report that their prosthetic device lacks functionality, citing the control strategy as a major limitation. Indeed, they are required to control several degrees of freedom with muscle groups primarily used for elbow actuation. As a result, most of them choose to have a one-degree-of-freedom myoelectric hand for grasping objects, a myoelectric wrist for pronation/supination, and a body-powered elbow. Unlike healthy upper limb movements, the prosthetic elbow joint angle, adjusted prior to the motion, is not involved in the overall upper limb movements, causing the rest of the body to compensate for the lack of mobility of the prosthesis...
2018: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
Eduard Kurz, Christoph Anders
The purpose of this investigation was to assess the effect of compression sleeves on muscle activation cost during locomotion. Twenty-two recreationally active men (age: 25 ± 3 years) ran on a treadmill at four different speeds (ordered sequence of 2.8, 3.3, 2.2, and 3.9 m/s). The tests were performed without (control situation, CON) and while wearing specially designed lower leg compression sleeves (SL). Myoelectric activity of five lower leg muscles (tibialis anterior, fibularis longus, lateral and medial head of gastrocnemius, and soleus) was captured using Surface EMG...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
Abdullah Al Kafee, Aydin Akan
Electrogastrogram is used for the abdominal surface measurement of the gastric electrical activity of the human stomach. The electrogastrogram technique has significant value as a clinical tool because careful electrogastrogram signal recordings and analyses play a major role in determining the propagation and coordination of gastric myoelectric abnormalities. The aim of this article is to evaluate electrogastrogram features calculated by line length features based on the discrete wavelet transform method to differentiate healthy control subjects from patients with functional dyspepsia and diabetic gastroparesis...
February 1, 2018: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
Niels-Peter Brøchner Nielsen, François Hug, Arnaud Guével, Floren Colloud, Julien Lardy, Sylvain Dorel
PURPOSE: This study investigated how muscle coordination is adjusted in response to a decrease in the force-generating capacity of one muscle group during a sprint cycling task. METHODS: Fifteen participants were tested during a sprint before and after a fatigue electromyostimulation protocol was conducted on the quadriceps of one leg. Motor coordination was assessed by measuring myoelectrical activity, pedal force and joint power. RESULTS: The decrease in force-generating capacity of the quadriceps (-28...
February 9, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Philip P Vu, Zachary T Irwin, Autumn J Bullard, Shoshana W Ambani, Ian C Sando, Melanie G Urbanchek, Paul S Cederna, Cynthia A Chestek
Loss of the upper limb imposes a devastating interruption to everyday life. Full restoration of natural arm control requires the ability to simultaneously control multiple degrees of freedom of the prosthetic arm and maintain that control over an extended period of time. Current clinically available myoelectric prostheses do not provide simultaneous control or consistency for transradial amputees. To address this issue, we have implemented a standard Kalman filter for continuous hand control using intramuscular electromyography (EMG) from both regenerative peripheral nerve interfaces (RPNI) and an intact muscle within non-human primates...
February 2018: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
Julian Maier, Adam Naber, Max Ortiz-Catalan
Real-time inference of human motor volition has great potential for the intuitive control of robotic devices. Toward this end, myoelectric pattern recognition (MPR) has shown promise in the control of prosthetic limbs. Interfering noise and susceptibility to motion artifacts have hindered the use of MPR outside controlled environments, and thus represent an obstacle for clinical use. Advanced signal processing techniques have been previously proposed to improve the robustness of MPR systems. However, the investigation of such techniques have been limited to offline implementations with long time windows, which makes real-time use unattainable...
February 2018: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
Nasser A Alshammary, Daniel A Bennett, Michael Goldfarb
This paper presents a control approach for a myoelectric transhumeral prostheses that supplements a typical two-site electromyograms (EMG) input with the inertial measurement of arm motion. The inertial measurement is employed to: 1) provide synergistic movement between the prosthetic elbow joint and intact upper arm and 2) to switch control between the myoelectric elbow and hand. In order to assess the prospective efficacy of the control method, experiments were conducted on six healthy subjects who performed a series of pick-and-place tasks within a virtual environment...
February 2018: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
Dennis Brueckner, Rainer Kiss, Thomas Muehlbauer
BACKGROUND: A well-learned motor skill is characterized by the efficient activation of muscles that are involved in movement execution. However, it is unclear if practice-related changes in motor performance correlate with those in quantitative markers of muscle activity and if so, whether the association is different with respect to the investigated muscle (i.e., agonist and antagonist) and quantitative myoelectric parameter. Thus, we conducted a systematic review and characterized associations between practice-related changes in motor performance and muscle activity in healthy individuals...
February 8, 2018: Sports Medicine—Open
Javier Garcia-Casado, Yiyao Ye-Lin, Gema Prats-Boluda, Javier Mas-Cabo, José Alberola-Rubio, Alfredo Perales
Preterm birth (PTB) is one of the most common and serious complications in pregnancy. About 15 million preterm neonates are born every year, with ratios of 10-15% of total births. In industrialized countries, preterm delivery is responsible for 70% of mortality and 75% of morbidity in the neonatal period. Diagnostic means for its timely risk assessment are lacking and the underlying physiological mechanisms are unclear. Surface recording of the uterine myoelectrical activity (electrohysterogram, EHG) has emerged as a better uterine dynamics monitoring technique than traditional surface pressure recordings and provides information on the condition of uterine muscle in different obstetrical scenarios with the emphasis on predicting preterm deliveries...
February 6, 2018: Physiological Measurement
B Mika, D Komorowski, E Tkacz
Electrogastrography (EGG) is a noninvasive technique for recording the myoelectrical activity of the stomach. An electrogastrographic signal recorded by using a four-channel system with electrodes placed on the surface of the skin is a mixture of a low-frequency gastric pacesetter potential known as a slow wave, electrical activity from other organs, and random noise. The aim of this work was to investigate the possibility of detecting the propagation of the gastric slow wave from multichannel EGG data. Noise-assisted multivariate empirical mode decomposition (NA-MEMD) and cross-covariance analysis (CCA) are proposed as new detection tools...
January 5, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
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