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Karin Stinesen Kollberg, Joshua F Wiley, Kharah M Ross, Alexandra Jorge-Miller, Constance Hammen, Karen L Weihs, Annette L Stanton
Background: After cancer diagnosis, depressive symptoms are elevated on average and decline over time, but substantial variability is apparent. Few studies have examined to what extent chronic stress in distinct life domains affects depressive symptoms. Purpose: Chronic stress in vocational and intimate partner life domains, and their interaction, were tested as predictors of depressive symptoms after breast cancer diagnosis. Methods: Women (N = 460) completed validated interviews regarding chronic stress in specific life domains shortly after diagnosis and a measure of depressive symptoms every 6 weeks for 6 months...
June 20, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Stephen J Wolf, Tai M Lockspeiser, Jennifer Gong, Gretchen Guiton
BACKGROUND: We aimed to identify foundational non-clinical attributes expected of medical school graduates to be successful in residency. METHODS: We conducted a three-round modified Delphi study with snowball sampling of experienced medical educators. In Round 1, respondents rated 28 attributes identified from a literature search. Additional attributes were proposed through invited comments. In Round 2, respondents expressed their agreement with advanced attribute definitions and examples...
June 22, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Julie Aitken Schermer
The Jackson Career Explorer (JCE) is a short form and continuous version of the Jackson Vocational Interest Survey measuring 34 vocational interest dimensions which can be reduced to seven factors (six vocational interest factors and one work style factor). Both the scales and factors were examined for possible significant correlations with social desirability and self-monitoring. Volunteer participants ( N = 779) aged 14 to 92 years completed the JCE, a social desirability scale, and a self-monitoring scale...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
Madeline G Nagel, Ashley L Watts, Brett A Murphy, Scott O Lilienfeld
General personality traits and interests, both vocational and avocational, have long been considered intertwined constructs. Nevertheless, the linkages between personality disorder features, such as psychopathy, and interests are poorly understood. This study bridges this gap by examining how psychopathic traits relate to vocational and avocational interests, and to what extent these associations are distinctive to psychopathy as opposed to a broader pattern of general and abnormal personality traits. In a sample of 426 community participants, Psychopathic Personality Inventory-Revised Fearless Dominance features of psychopathy were associated with interest in a broad swath of vocational and avocational interests, whereas Self-Centered Impulsivity features were associated with realistic, artistic, enterprising, and conventional interests; most zero-order associations were in the small to medium range...
June 21, 2018: Personality Disorders
Z Canli Özer, I Boz, S Turan Kavradim, G Teskereci
AIM: This paper introduces the study on the European Union Project on complementary therapies and discusses project outputs and results. The goal of the European Union Project was to improve the professional knowledge and skills of women's health and oncology nurses regarding CT. BACKGROUND: The increasing and widespread use of complementary therapies in the women's health and oncology population requires nurses to be educated about their suitable and safe use. Many nurses do not have proper training in complementary therapies and therefore should not inform their patients about them...
June 21, 2018: International Nursing Review
Susanne Bartel, Heike Ohlbrecht
OBJECTIVE: This study focuses on the theory-practice transfer in the field of research on participation in working life (LTA). The aim was to determine what expectations are prevalent on the part of service providers, how they access scientific knowledge, how the transfer into practice takes place and what research gaps exist. At the same time, representatives of the German Statutory Pension Insurance were asked about internal structures for identifying research topics and evaluating research results as well as for knowledge transfer...
June 2018: Die Rehabilitation
Nancy Reims, Silke Tophoven
OBJECTIVE: The study examines employment prospects of persons who participate in further and re-training measures in the context of vocational rehabilitation in the responsibility of the Federal Employment Agency (FEA). METHODS: Using administrative data of the FEA (RehaPro), we focus on persons completing vocational rehabilitation between 2009 and 2012 (N=21,772). We employ event history analysis to present time and extent of employment transition and their sustainability...
June 2018: Die Rehabilitation
Christian Hetzel, Marco Streibelt
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Vocational retrainings (VR) in the context of vocational rehabilitation are lengthy and expansive interventions. The question is whether the return to work (RTW) 12 months after VR can be a proxy variable for long term income trajectories. METHODS: Based on register data of the German Pension Insurance (Scientific Use File SUFRSDLV09B) fixed-effects-regressions were calculated to measure the effect of VR on the annual mean daily income in each of the 3 years after VR compared to initial level prior to VR and depending on the RTW...
June 2018: Die Rehabilitation
Sebastian Klaus, Alexander Meschnig, Ernst von Kardorff
OBJEKTIVES: Using qualitative-hermeneutical methods with a focus on biographical (risk-) constellations for conditions of success or failure of return to work - and therefore on the efficiency and sustainability of employment participation benefits - the study accompanies participants during a time span of 2 years after their vocational retraining on their way back into the first labor market. METHODS: The study applies a mixed method design which combines 30 episodical-narrative interviews of participating rehabilitants alongside with a questionnaire survey of a total of 214 participants and 19 interviews of scientists and vocational retraining experts...
June 2018: Die Rehabilitation
Anton Nivorozhkin, Nancy Reims, Pia Zollmann, Matthias Bethge
OBJECTIVE: The Federal Employment Agency (Bundesagentur für Arbeit, BA) and the German Pension Insurance (Deutsche Rentenversicherung, DRV) are the major institutions responsible for vocational rehabilitation (VR) in Germany. The following paper compares the characteristics of persons in vocational rehabilitation and the utilization of rehabilitation services between those two institutions and presents short-term developments. METHODS: Administrative data of the BA and the DRV were made comparable...
June 2018: Die Rehabilitation
Alexander Seal, Milan Stevanovic
Traumatic injuries and other conditions resulting in thenar loss and loss of opposition function can cause significant functional limitations. There are limited options available to restore function and bulk to the thenar musculature. A 26-year-old man had an unfortunate accident at work with a machine mixer creating a crush injury to his left hand. This required several debridements due to the tissue injury and resulted in loss of the thenar muscles and ability to oppose the thumb. He recovered well from the initial injury, however, was left with difficulty with grasp and holding objects due to the loss of thenar motion and strength...
May 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Hao Wang, Jieming Zhong, Ruying Hu, Bragg Fiona, Min Yu, Huaidong Du
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and correlates of high screen time (ST) among students in Zhejiang, China. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: School-based adolescent health survey in Zhejiang Province, China. PARTICIPANTS: 23 543 students in grades 7-12 from 442 different schools. OUTCOME: High ST. RESULTS: The mean age of the students was 15.6 years and 49...
June 19, 2018: BMJ Open
Gary James Connett, Arvind Nagra
Successful transfer to adult services is the paediatric team's anticipated endpoint for the care they provide to their patients. The preceding transition process needs to be well planned and designed to address young peoples' psycho-social, educational and vocational as well as their medical needs. Ready, Steady, Go is a generic programme that has been successfully implemented to make the transition process an integral part of the routine care of young people with cystic fibrosis. Used in combination with other initiatives, the programme helps achieve the more seamless transfer of young people better prepared to meet their ongoing needs...
May 18, 2018: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
Heli Aho, Timo Kauppila, Maija Haanpää
Background and aims Social factors and social environment shape the pain behavior of patients. Social workers support pain treatment in a multidisciplinary pain clinic by altering the social environment of a patient. Even though a social worker in a multi-professional care team contributes to the care of select, severely pain-afflicted patients extensively, neither the patient socio-demographic status nor interventions by social workers have been systematically documented. Only individual case histories have been published...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
P Soini, A Valjakka, S Tuurinkoski, M Elomaa, T Väänänen, V Hägg
AimsThe training includes learning the practical skills related to the psychological examination, treatment and rehabilitation of pain patients. The completion of the training prepares for work in multiprofessional teams as a specialist in pain psychology. A joint project of the Finnish Association of the Study of Pain and the Psychology Institute since 2008. ParticipantsPsychologists working in public, private or occupational health care, in rehabilitation or psychiatric clinics. The fourth training group of 20 psychologists started in the spring of 2012...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
N Sulashvili, M Beglaryan, N Kvijinadze, M Matoshvili
Aim of the research was to study features of pharmacists' job satisfaction in Georgia. The study was quantitative investigation by using survey (Questionnaire). Surveys were for pharmacists, 810 pharmacists were interviewed in Georgia. We used methods of systematic, sociological (surveying, questioning), comparative, segmentation, mathematical-statistical, graphical analysis. The data was processed and analyzed with the SPSS program. On the basis of performed of sociological study of pharmacist specialists have been founded that the government should organize preparation and implementation of the registration-certification regulations for the pharmacists' staff...
May 2018: Georgian Medical News
Stefan Dhein, Katrin Schmelmer, Julika Guenther, Aida Salameh
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Drug abuse is an increasing problem among young adults in European countries. We wanted to assess the prevalence of methamphetamine and cannabis use in young people and to ask for their socioeconomic, parental and emotional background. METHODS: All pupils (n = 1,087) in the final class of 3 school types (-general school [in Germany: Hauptschule/Regelschule mit Hauptschulabschluss] class 9, regular school [in Germany: Regelschule] class 10, high school [in Germany: Gymnasium] class 10) and the first 2 classes of the vocational school (in Germany: Berufsschule) in the entire rural district of Altenburger Land, a Thuringian county in Germany with a total of 92,344 inhabitants were asked to fill out a 2-page questionnaire...
June 14, 2018: European Addiction Research
Kanok Boriboonsomsin, Thomas Durbin, George Scora, Kent Johnson, Daniel Sandez, Alexander Vu, Yu Jiang, Andrew Burnette, Seungju Yoon, John Collins, Zhen Dai, Carl Fulper, Sandeep Kishan, Michael Sabisch, Doug Jackson
Real-world vehicle and engine activity data were collected from 90 heavy-duty vehicles in California, United States, most of which have engine model year 2010 or newer and are equipped with selective catalytic reduction (SCR). The 90 vehicles represent 19 different groups defined by a combination of vocational use and geographic region. The data were collected using advanced data loggers that recorded vehicle speed, position (latitude and longitude), and more than 170 engine and aftertreatment parameters (including engine load and exhaust temperature) at the frequency of one Hz...
June 2018: Data in Brief
Lucas Marques da Cunha, Laetitia G E Wilkins, Laure Menin, Daniel Ortiz, Véronique Vocat-Mottier, Claus Wedekind
Carotenoids are organic pigment molecules that play important roles in signalling, control of oxidative stress, and immunity. Fish allocate carotenoids to their eggs, which gives them the typical yellow to red colouration and supports their resistance against microbial infections. However, it is still unclear whether carotenoids act mainly as a shield against infection or are used up during the embryos' immune defence. We investigated this question with experimental families produced from wild-caught brown trout (Salmo trutta)...
2018: PloS One
Bruno Trezzini, Urban Schwegler, Jan D Reinhardt
STUDY DESIGN: Observational study based on the 2012 community survey of the Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Cohort Study (SwiSCI). OBJECTIVES: To investigate work and wellbeing-related consequences of different return-to-work (RTW) pathways after SCI. SETTING: Community-based. METHODS: Using a subsample of 243 SwiSCI participants, we determined whether a respondent had returned to the pre-injury employer, started with a new employer or had not returned to gainful employment post-SCI...
June 12, 2018: Spinal Cord
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