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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431447/-return-to-work-after-acute-myocardial-infarction
#1
Rona Reibis, Annett Salzwedel, Johannes Falk, Heinz Völler
Vocational reintegration provides a key goal for patients after myocardial infarction both from social as well as from individual perspective. Return to work rate is determined by medical parameters such as left ventricular function, residual ischemia and rhythm stability, as well as by occupational requirement profile such as the blue or white collar work, night shifts and the way capacity. Psycho-social factors including depression, self-assessment of their own situation and pre-existing cognitive impairment to a large extent determine the reintegration...
April 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427690/factors-associated-with-adherence-to-disease-modifying-therapy-in-multiple-sclerosis-an-observational-survey-from-a-referral-center-in-lithuania
#2
Neringa Duchovskiene, Dalia Mickeviciene, Giedre Jurkeviciene, Birute Dirziuviene, Renata Balnyte
AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate adherence to disease modifying therapy (DMT) in Lithuanian population of multiple sclerosis patients and factors associated to it. METHODS: Patients receiving one of the following DMT's: Interferon β 1a (Rebif) 44 micrograms three times a week subdermally (s/c) or Interferon β 1a (Avonex) 30 micrograms weekly intramuscularly (i/m), or Interferon β 1b (Betaferon, Extavia) 250 micrograms once in two days s/c, or Glatiramer acetate (Copaxone) 20mg daily s/c, were presented with a questionnaire inquiring their demographic and clinical characteristics and adherence to treatment profile, as well as HAD scale and SF-36 questionnaire...
April 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426356/focus-group-findings-of-smoking-onset-among-male-youth-in-china
#3
Vivian C Sheer, Chang Molly Mao, Yi-Ru Regina Chen
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is associated with smoking initiation among men in China. The lack of qualitative studies using Chinese adolescent samples can pose challenges to enacting effective smoking prevention messages that resonate with male Chinese teenagers' thoughts, needs, and wishes. OBJECTIVE: This focus group study was designed to obtain in-depth contextual information on early smoking among male teenagers in China. METHODS: Twenty focus groups of 7-10 male students from vocational and junior colleges (N = 165) were conducted, approximately half in Shanxi and half in Guangdong...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422422/psychopathology-and-social-functioning-of-42-subjects-from-a-danish-ultra-high-risk-cohort
#4
Helle Karkov Madsen, Dorte Nordholm, Kristine Krakauer, Lasse Randers, Merete Nordentoft
AIM: To make a thorough characterization of the co-morbidity, psychopathology and demographics in the first Danish ultra high-risk (UHR) sample. METHOD: Forty-two UHR subjects went through comprehensive interviews assessing their psychopathology, psychiatric disorders, substance use and family history of psychiatric disorders. RESULTS: All UHR subjects met the criteria of at least 1 axis I diagnosis in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) and met on average four diagnoses (both axis I and II), mostly within the areas of depression, anxiety and substance abuse...
April 19, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414623/licensed-practical-vocational-nurses-a-place-on-the-team
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413906/development-and-validation-of-the-masculine-attributes-questionnaire
#6
Junhan Cho, Steven M Kogan
The present study describes the development and validation of the Masculine Attributes Questionnaire (MAQ). The purpose of this study was to develop a theoretically and empirically grounded measure of masculine attributes for sexual health research with African American young men. Consistent with Whitehead's theory, the MAQ items were hypothesized to comprise two components representing reputation-based and respect-based attributes. The sample included 505 African American men aged 19 to 22 years ( M = 20.29, SD = 1...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412577/describing-heterogeneity-of-unmet-needs-among-adults-with-a-developmental-disability-an-examination-of-the-2012-canadian-survey-on-disability
#7
Jennifer Zwicker, Arezou Zaresani, J C Herb Emery
BACKGROUND: As a signatory to the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, Canada has committed to protect the rights and dignity of persons with developmental disabilities (DD), which means that labour markets, education, and training opportunities should be inclusive and accessible. PURPOSE: Describe the unmet employment, education and daily needs of adults with DD, with a sub analysis of persons with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and cerebral palsy (CP) in Canada, to inform efficient and equitable policy development...
April 13, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409766/vocational-situation-and-experiences-from-the-work-environment-among-individuals-with-neuromuscular-diseases
#8
E M Lexell, I Langdell, J Lexell
BACKGROUND: Neuromuscular diseases (NMD) can affect the ability to be employed and to work, but there is limited knowledge of individuals' own perspectives of factors that are important for their vocational situation. OBJECTIVE: To explore the vocational situation among people with NMD that are employed, and to describe their experiences of how their disability, personal and environmental factors influence their ability to continue to work. METHODS: Nine participants with different NMD were included...
April 12, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406316/five-year-follow-up-of-persons-with-brain-injury-entering-the-french-vocational-and-social-rehabilitation-programme-ueros-return-to-work-life-satisfaction-psychosocial-and-community-integration
#9
M Cogné, L Wiart, A Simion, P Dehail, J-M Mazaux
BACKGROUND: Social and vocational reintegration of persons with brain injury is an important element in their rehabilitation. AIMS: To evaluate the 5-year outcome of persons with brain injury included in 2008 in the Aquitaine Unit for Evaluation, Training and Social and Vocational Counselling programme (UEROS). METHOD: 57 persons with brain injury were recruited from those who completed the 2008 UEROS programme. Five years later, an interview was done to assess family and vocational status, autonomy and life satisfaction...
April 13, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404468/assessing-the-impact-of-a-program-for-late-surgical-intervention-in-early-blind-children
#10
A Kalia, T Gandhi, G Chatterjee, P Swami, H Dhillon, S Bi, N Chauhan, S D Gupta, P Sharma, S Sood, S Ganesh, U Mathur, P Sinha
OBJECTIVE: Many blind children in the developing world are unable to obtain timely treatment due to lack of financial and medical resources. Can public health programs that identify and treat such children several years after the onset of blindness enhance their quality of life? The notion that visual development is subject to an early 'critical period' argues against this possibility. However, there are inadequate empirical data from humans on this issue. To address this need, we examined the quality of life of children living in India and who were treated for early-onset blindness (before one year of age), due to cataracts or corneal opacities...
February 1, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397306/a-review-of-cognitive-impairments-in-children-with-intellectual-disabilities-implications-for-cognitive-behaviour-therapy
#11
Anastasia Hronis, Lynette Roberts, Ian I Kneebone
OBJECTIVE: Nearly half of children with intellectual disability (ID) have comorbid affective disorders. These problems are chronic if left untreated and can significantly impact upon future vocational, educational, and social opportunities. Despite this, there is a paucity of research into effective treatments for this population. Notably, one of the most supported of psychological therapies, cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT), remains largely uninvestigated in children with ID. The current review considers the neuropsychological profile of children and adolescents with mild to moderate ID, with a view to informing how CBT might best be adapted for children and adolescents with ID...
April 11, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395536/conceptualizing-the-driving-forces-for-successful-rehabilitation-back-to-work
#12
Bodil J Landstad, Yvonne Åhrberg
BACKGROUND: An earlier study states that the terms of desire, longing, and vanity carry with them ideas, emotions, and values that influence how individuals perceive themselves and their rehabilitation process. Our aim was (1) to use concept analysis to explore the meaning of the terms desire, longing, and vanity and (2) to investigate the potential role of these concepts in successful rehabilitation back to work. METHODS: To achieve these two objectives, we used a model of concept analysis...
April 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393749/a-transdiagnostic-study-of-education-employment-and-training-outcomes-in-young-people-with-mental-illness
#13
R S C Lee, D F Hermens, J Scott, B O'Dea, N Glozier, E M Scott, I B Hickie
BACKGROUND: Optimizing functional recovery in young individuals with severe mental illness constitutes a major healthcare priority. The current study sought to quantify the cognitive and clinical factors underpinning academic and vocational engagement in a transdiagnostic and prospective youth mental health cohort. The primary outcome measure was 'not in education, employment or training' ('NEET') status. METHOD: A clinical sample of psychiatric out-patients aged 15-25 years (n = 163) was assessed at two time points, on average, 24 months apart...
April 10, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390518/educational-and-vocational-issues-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#14
REVIEW
Paul Howard Wehman, Pamela Sherron Targett, Lauren Elizabeth Avellone
This article describes some of the current issues related to return to school and employment for individuals with traumatic brain injury. A strong, collaborative partnership between an individual's health care providers and key stake holders is essential to a smooth transition back to school or work. Ways to improve current practices and ensure more timely and appropriate educational and employment services and supports for individuals with traumatic brain injury are described. Some recommendations on areas for future research are also offered...
May 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387162/outcomes-following-carpal-tunnel-release-in-patients-receiving-workers-compensation-a-systematic-review
#15
John C Dunn, Nicholas A Kusnezov, Logan R Koehler, Dennis Vanden Berge, Ben Genco, Justin Mitchell, Justin D Orr, Mark Pallis
BACKGROUND: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a common occupational pathology, representing a high percentage of workers' compensation (WC) claims. METHODS: The literature was reviewed for all studies evaluating CTS outcomes including WC patients between 1993 and 2016. A total of 348 articles were identified; 25 of which met inclusion and exclusion criteria. A systematic review was generated; patient demographics, outcomes, and complications were recorded. Weighted averages were calculated for the demographic and outcome data...
April 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384390/effects-of-a-multicomponent-restraint-reduction-program-for-korean-nursing-home-staff
#16
Eun-Hi Kong, Eunjin Song, Lois K Evans
PURPOSE: Physical restraints are used frequently in Korea, suggesting a growing need for access to programs focused on reduction. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a multicomponent restraint reduction program (MRRP) for nursing staff in Korean nursing homes. DESIGN: A cluster-randomized, single-blind, controlled pretest-posttest design was used. A total of 122 nursing staff (nurses and geriatric care assistants) in two Korean nursing homes participated in this study: 62 in the experimental group (EG) and 60 in the control group (CG)...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382213/integrated-services-and-early-intervention-in-the-vocational-rehabilitation-of-people-with-spinal-cord-injuries
#17
Julia Bloom, Pat Dorsett, Vanette McLennan
INTRODUCTION: The design was a narrative review. The objective of the study was to investigate the potential for early vocational rehabilitation (VR) interventions for people with spinal cord injury (SCI) in overcoming barriers in returning to work, and to pinpoint factors contributing to effectiveness in early VR intervention for this population. The setting was at Queensland, Australia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Synthesis of the findings of a literature search of online databases ProQuest and CINAHL, using keywords relating to the employment situation and VR of people with SCI...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381155/effects-of-a-nine-month-occupational-intervention-on-health-related-quality-of-life
#18
Birgitta Ojala, Clas-Håkan Nygård, Heini Huhtala, Seppo T Nikkari
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of vocationally outpatient oriented rehabilitation on an intervention group, compared with a control group that did not take part in the intervention. The groups were compared for health-related quality of life (HRQoL) by the quantitative indicator RAND 36. Data were obtained by a self-report at baseline and at nine months follow-up. Differences between base-line and follow-up were analyzed within group and between the groups. The study population consisted of 751 municipal employees aged between 26 and 64 years; an intervention with 463 women and 115 men ( n = 578), and a control group with 138 women and 35 men ( n = 173)...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376539/-career-trainee-physicians
#19
Tilman Sauerbruch
Medicine offers trainee physicians many different possibilities to practice their vocation. Young doctors should try to assess their own motivation and skills as precisely as possible, especially regarding a more theoretical, more practical, more academic or a purely patient-oriented career path. However, different phases of life may bring about changes in priorities. The course for the direction of a career path is often set early on. This is particularly true during the early career phase when institutions, such as medical faculties, have the responsibility to provide authoritative consulting and good mentorship...
April 4, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371796/interventions-aiming-to-reduce-early-retirement-due-to-rheumatic-diseases
#20
Pedro Almeida Laires, Miguel Gouveia, Helena Canhão
INTRODUCTION: Aging of the population and early retirement translates into productivity losses to society. Persistence of working life is crucial to counteract this sustainability issue faced by western countries. Musculoskeletal and rheumatic diseases (RD) may cause work disability and early exit from work, including early retirement. The objective of this article is to review the current knowledge about interventions aiming to reduce early retirement due to RD. METHODS: We searched PubMed and The Cochrane Library for studies either in English or Portuguese between January 2000 and June 2016 that evaluated the impact of interventions targeting early retirement in RD patients still at work...
March 5, 2017: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
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