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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041954/combined-cognitive-and-vocational-interventions-after-mild-to-moderate-traumatic-brain-injury-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Emilie I Howe, Knut-Petter S Langlo, Hans Christoffer Aargaard Terjesen, Cecilie Røe, Anne-Kristine Schanke, Helene L Søberg, Unni Sveen, Eline Aas, Heidi Enehaug, Daniele E Alves, Pål Klethagen, Kjersti Sagstad, Christine M Moen, Karin Torsteinsbrend, Anne-Margrethe Linnestad, Tonje Haug Nordenmark, Birte Sand Rismyhr, Grete Wangen, Juan Lu, Jennie Ponsford, Elizabeth W Twamley, Helene Ugelstad, Øystein Spjelkavik, Marianne Løvstad, Nada Andelic
BACKGROUND: A considerable proportion of patients with mild to moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI) experience long-lasting somatic, cognitive, and emotional symptoms that may hamper their capacity to return to work (RTW). Although several studies have described medical, psychological, and work-related factors that predict RTW after TBI, well-controlled intervention studies regarding RTW are scarce. Furthermore, there has traditionally been weak collaboration among health-related rehabilitation services, the labor and welfare sector, and workplaces...
October 17, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041821/gender-matters-in-the-transition-to-employment-for-young-adults-with-physical-disabilities
#2
Sally Lindsay, Elaine Cagliostro, Mikhaela Albarico, Neda Mortaji, Dilakshan Srikanthan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the role of gender in the transition to employment for young adults with physical disabilities. METHODS: This study drew on in-depth interviews with a purposive sample of 33 participants (23 youth and 10 clinicians). The youth in our sample included 13 females (mean age 22.9) and 10 males (mean age 21.3) who had various types of physical disabilities. The person-environment-occupation (PEO) model informed our analysis...
October 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036864/employment-pathways-of-individuals-with%C3%A2-spinal-cord-injury-living-in%C3%A2-switzerland-a-qualitative-study
#3
Albert Marti, Reuben Escorpizo, Urban Schwegler, Stefan Staubli, Bruno Trezzini
BACKGROUND: Labour market participation (LMP) represents a key goal of rehabilitation for individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). To achieve this goal, Swiss SCI rehabilitation centres seek, together with their clients, viable follow-up solutions for returning to work after initial rehabilitation. However, the long-term outcomes of such vocational follow-up solutions have not been investigated so far, and there is a paucity of knowledge regarding the various types of employment pathways that persons with SCI living in Switzerland may experience...
October 9, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036727/economic-labor-and-regulatory-moderators-of-the-effect-of-individual-placement-and-support-among-people-with-severe-mental-illness-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Justin D Metcalfe, Robert E Drake, Gary R Bond
As Individual Placement and Support (IPS) has become the international standard for vocational rehabilitation of adults with serious mental illness, researchers must consider the relationship between IPS and local environments. This meta-analysis used mixed-effects meta-regressions to assess the impact of site-level moderators on the likelihood that IPS recipients, compared with recipients of alternative vocational services, achieved competitive employment. Potential moderators included change in gross domestic product (GDP), local unemployment and unionization rates, and indices describing employment protection regulations, level of disability benefits compensation, and efforts to integrate people with disabilities into the workforce...
September 28, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034696/development-of-the-supported-employment-comprehensive-cognitive-enhancement-and-social-skills-program-for-adults-on-the-autism-spectrum-results-of-initial-study
#5
Mary J Baker-Ericzén, Meghan A Fitch, Mikaela Kinnear, Melissa M Jenkins, Elizabeth W Twamley, Linda Smith, Gabriel Montano, Joshua Feder, Pamela J Crooke, Michelle G Winner, Juan Leon
The population of adults on the autism spectrum continues to increase, and vocational outcomes are particularly poor. Longitudinal studies of adults with autism spectrum and without intellectual disability have shown consistent and persistent deficits across cognitive, social, and vocational domains, indicating a need for effective treatments of functional disabilities as each impact employment. This initial pilot study is an open trial investigation of the feasibility, acceptability, and initial estimates of outcomes for the newly developed Supported Employment, Comprehensive Cognitive Enhancement, and Social Skills intervention, a manualized "soft skills" curriculum, to enhance both cognitive and social development in adults with autism spectrum...
October 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021116/efficacy-of-a-technology-based-integrated-smoking-cessation-and-alcohol-intervention-for-smoking-cessation-in-adolescents-results-of-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Severin Haug, Raquel Paz Castro, Tobias Kowatsch, Andreas Filler, Michael P Schaub
OBJECTIVE: To test the efficacy of a technology-based integrated smoking cessation and alcohol intervention versus a smoking cessation only intervention in adolescents. METHODS: This was a two-arm, parallel-group, cluster-randomised controlled trial with assessments at baseline and six months follow-up. Subjects in both groups received tailored mobile phone text messages to support smoking cessation for 3months, and the option of registering for a program incorporating strategies for smoking cessation centred around a self-defined quit date...
November 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020863/examining-employment-outcomes-of-offender-and-nonoffender-vocational-program-graduates
#7
Dana L Formon, Adam T Schmidt, Craig Henderson
Researchers have found providing employment opportunities for ex-offenders through job training programs to be effective at reducing recidivism. Examining various community-based programs for ex-offenders can be beneficial as they may be able to provide more stable and consistent programming without relying on the justice system. This study examined employment outcomes of graduates with and without criminal histories ( n = 617) from a community-based vocational training program. Results showed that ex-offender graduates obtained employment at equal rates to nonoffender graduates and received equal pay to their nonoffender counterparts...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019792/prevalence-and-determinants-of-susceptibility-to-cigarette-smoking-among-non-smoking-senior-secondary-school-students-in-ilorin-north-central-nigeria
#8
Layi Solomon Babatunde, Oluwaseyi Tosin Babatunde, Susan Modupe Oladeji, Temitope Ashipa
Background Globally, efforts are being made to control tobacco use. However, adolescents who are susceptible to cigarette smoking constitute a major challenge to control efforts. Defining the magnitude of susceptible adolescents and associated factors in any setting is critical to the development of measures that will successfully address this issue. This study estimated the prevalence and factors associated with susceptibility to cigarette smoking among non smoking students in Ilorin, North Central Nigeria...
October 11, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017504/positive-experiences-of-a-vocational-rehabilitation-intervention-for-individuals-on-long-term-sick-leave-the-dirigo-project-a%C3%A2-qualitative-study
#9
Åsa Andersén, Christian Ståhl, Ingrid Anderzén, Per Kristiansson, Kjerstin Larsson
BACKGROUND: The process of returning to work after long-term sick leave can sometimes be complex. Many factors, (e.g. cooperation between different authorities and the individual as well as individual factors such as health, emotional well-being and self-efficacy) may have an impact on an individual's ability to work. The aim of this study was to investigate clients' experiences with an individually tailored vocational rehabilitation, the Dirigo project, and encounters with professionals working on it...
October 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992746/changes-in-sleep-habits-between-1985-and-2013-among-children-and-adolescents-in-sweden
#10
Annika Norell-Clarke, Curt Hagquist
AIMS: The aim was to investigate changes in child and adolescent sleep habits in Sweden over time. This had not been done previously. METHODS: Cross-sectional questionnaire data over three decades of investigations of the Health Behaviours of School Children study (1985/1986, 2005/2006 and 2013/2014) were used. The sample included 18,682 children and adolescents, aged 11, 13 and 15. Empirically based age-specific sleep duration recommendations were used to operationalise sleep duration...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992724/educational-inequality-in-cardiovascular-diseases-a-sibling-approach
#11
Grethe Søndergaard, Susanne Oksbjerg Dalton, Laust Hvas Mortensen, Merete Osler
AIMS: Educational inequality in diseases in the circulatory system (here termed cardiovascular disease) is well documented but may be confounded by early life factors. The aim of this observational study was to examine whether the associations between education and all cardiovascular diseases, ischaemic heart disease and stroke, respectively, were explained by family factors shared by siblings. METHODS: The study population included all individuals born in Denmark between 1950 and 1979 who had at least one full sibling born in the same period...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991760/centenary-of-the-birth-of-academician-prof-dr-isak-tadzer-founder-of-the-pathophysiology-and-nuclear-medicine-in-macedonia
#12
Borislav Karanfilski
Academician Prof. Dr. Isak Tadzer was born a hundred years ago on December 24, 1916 in Sofia. He completed the primary and secondary education at the German College in Sofia. In 1935 he began his studies at the Medical Faculty in Vienna, which he had to stop because of the annexation of Austria to Germany in 1938. He returned to Bulgaria where he continued his studies and graduated from the Medical Faculty in Sofia in 1941. During the War, 1941-1944, he was forcedly mobilized and he worked as a doctor in several villages...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990965/calling-to-nursing-concept-analysis
#13
Christie Emerson
The aims of this article are (a) to analyze the concept of a calling as it relates nursing and (b) to develop a definition of calling to nursing with the detail and clarity needed to guide reliable and valid research. The classic steps described by Walker and Avant are used for the analysis. Literature from several disciplines is reviewed including vocational psychology, Christian career counseling, sociology, organizational management, and nursing. The analysis provides an operational definition of a calling to nursing and establishes 3 defining attributes of the concept: (a) a passionate intrinsic motivation or desire (perhaps with a religious component), (b) an aspiration to engage in nursing practice, as a means of fulfilling one's purpose in life, and (c) the desire to help others as one's purpose in life...
October 4, 2017: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990719/japanese-outreach-model-project-for-patients-who-have-difficulty-maintaining-contact-with-mental-health-services-comparison-of-care-between-higher-functioning-and-lower-functioning-groups
#14
Aki Tsunoda, Yoshifumi Kido, Mami Kayama
AIM: The Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare sponsored the current examination of a new community mental health service, the Japan Outreach Model Project (JOMP), for persons with mental illnesses and who find it difficult to continue with ongoing treatment. Shorter readmission rates and hospital stays were found. In this study, the amount and type of care that were delivered by the JOMP were examined in order to inform the process of establishing the public insurance system...
October 9, 2017: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988267/leg-length-in-relation-to-selected-ballet-performance-indicators
#15
C C Karpodini, M A Wyon, N Comoutos, Y Koutedakis
It is unclear whether the modern ballet body stereotype of long limbs is advantageous in dance performance. Therefore, we investigated the relationship between leg-length and selected dance movements representative of power, dexterity, and range of motion in ballet dancers at different competence levels. METHODS: The total of 10 recreational, 24 vocational, and 10 professional ballerinas volunteered. They were subjected to: a) lower limb-length measurements, b) power tests (vertical jump-sautés and unilateral countermovement jump-temps levé), c) dexterity tests (tendus and double battement frappes), and d) flexibility tests (lateral active and passive-développé à la seconde)...
September 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987042/-obesity-overweight-as-main-risk-factors-of-cancer-in-sanok-s-county-population
#16
Karolina Hombek, Magdalena Jarema, Ewa Smoleń
Weight disorder such as obesity and overweight are an significant risk factor in cancer development. AIM: The aim of the study was to determine an obesity and overweight in cancer prevention among the population of Sanok's county. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The research was conducted in 157 residents of Sanok's county in 2015 yrs. A method of diagnostic survey and conventional survey was used. The main research tool was a selfmade survey. In the evaluation of statistical significance we have accepted the level of p<0,05...
September 29, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985300/focus-on-early-career-gps-qualitative-evaluation-of-a-multi-faceted-educational-intervention-to-improve-antibiotic-prescribing
#17
Laura Deckx, Sibyl Anthierens, Parker J Magin, Simon Morgan, Lawrie McArthur, Lucy Yardley, Anthea Dallas, Paul Little, Mieke L van Driel
Background: We conducted an educational intervention emphasizing rational antibiotic prescribing in early-career General Practitioners (GP) in vocational training (trainees). The intervention consisted of an online introduction module, an online communication training module, face-to-face workshops, and cases to be discussed one-on-one by the trainee-supervisor dyad during regular scheduled education sessions. Objectives: To explore the participants' experiences with the intervention...
July 17, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984375/context-matters-when-striving-to-promote-active-and-lifelong-learning-in-medical-education
#18
Joris J Berkhout, Esther Helmich, Pim W Teunissen, Cees P M van der Vleuten, A Debbie C Jaarsma
WHERE DO WE STAND NOW?: In the 30 years that have passed since The Edinburgh Declaration on Medical Education, we have made tremendous progress in research on fostering 'self-directed and independent study' as propagated in this declaration, of which one prime example is research carried out on problem-based learning. However, a large portion of medical education happens outside of classrooms, in authentic clinical contexts. Therefore, this article discusses recent developments in research regarding fostering active learning in clinical contexts...
October 6, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983184/examination-of-the-extent-to-which-employment-factors-are-associated-with-reduced-child-maltreatment-potential-and-drug-use
#19
Brad Donohue, Christopher P Plant, Kimberly A Barchard, David J Gillis
Job assistance programs are commonly recommended for parents of children who have been victimized by child maltreatment, particularly when illicit drugs are indicated. However, the relationship between employment factors, substance abuse and risk of child maltreatment has received limited empirical attention. Therefore, the current study examines employment factors in a sample of 72 mothers who were referred by Child Protective Services (CPS) for treatment of substance abuse and child neglect. Child maltreatment potential was found to be negatively associated with number of hours employed and self-reported happiness with employment...
January 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982814/emotion-regulation-group-therapy-for-deliberate-self-harm-a-multi-site-evaluation-in-routine-care-using-an-uncontrolled-open-trial-design
#20
Hanna Sahlin, Johan Bjureberg, Kim L Gratz, Matthew T Tull, Erik Hedman, Jonas Bjärehed, Jussi Jokinen, Lars-Gunnar Lundh, Brjánn Ljótsson, Clara Hellner
OBJECTIVE: Emotion regulation group therapy (ERGT) has shown promising results in several efficacy trials. However, it has not been evaluated outside a research setting. In order to increase the availability of empirically supported treatments for individuals with borderline personality disorder and deliberate self-harm, an evaluation of ERGT in routine clinical care was conducted with therapists of different professional backgrounds who had received brief intensive training in ERGT prior to trial onset...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
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