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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092228/a-comparative-study-of-vocational-education-and-occupational-safety-and-health-training-in-china-and-the-uk
#1
Baisheng Nie, Xin Huang, Fei Xue, Jiang Chen, Xiaobing Liu, Yangyang Meng, Jinxin Huang
In order to enhance Chinese workers' occupational safety awareness, it is essential to learn from developed countries' experiences. This article investigates thoroughly occupational safety and health (OSH) in China and the UK; moreover, the article performs a comparison of Chinese and British OSH training-related laws, regulations and education system. The following conclusions are drawn: China's work safety continues to improve, but there is still a large gap compared with the UK. In China a relatively complete vocational education and training (VET) system has been established...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088538/perceived-parental-alcohol-problems-and-drinking-patterns-in-youth-a-cross-sectional-study-of-69-030-secondary-education-students-in-denmark
#2
Veronica S C Pisinger, Charlotte A Holst, Pernille Bendtsen, Ulrik Becker, Janne S Tolstrup
The aim of the study was to examine whether young people with parental alcohol problems have different drinking patterns than those without parental alcohol problems. Further, we examined whether the association between parental alcohol problems and young people's drinking patterns differed depending on the gender of the child and the parent, and whether more severe parental alcohol problems and cohabitation with the parent with alcohol problems was associated with earlier and heavier drinking patterns. Data came from the Danish National Youth Study 2014, a web-based national survey...
January 11, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068753/retrospective-matched-pair-cohort-study-on-effect-of-bisegmental-fenestration-versus-hemilaminectomy-for-bisegmental-spinal-canal-stenosis-at-l3-l4-and-l4-l5
#3
Julia Schüppel, Friedrich Weber
Background The main symptoms of degenerative lumbar spinal canal stenosis are progressive back pain, spinal claudication, and, occasionally, sensory and motor deficits. Impairments particularly occur during walking, standing, and sitting. Thus social and vocational activities are increasingly restricted, causing considerable suffering for patients. Surgical therapies are superior to conservative ones. This article studies the outcome of 2-level fenestration versus hemilaminectomy for bisegmental spinal stenosis decompression...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062932/prevalence-and-quality-of-individual-placement-and-support-ips-supported-employment-in-the-united-states
#4
Annalee Johnson-Kwochka, Gary R Bond, Deborah R Becker, Robert E Drake, Mary Ann Greene
The individual placement and support (IPS) model of supported employment for people with serious mental illness is an evidence-based practice. Factors including a national learning community promoting IPS and enforcement of the Supreme Court's Olmstead decision have spurred the growth of IPS nationwide. In this study we first evaluated the national prevalence and quality of IPS programs. We then evaluated the impact of learning community membership and Olmstead settlements on IPS program penetration and quality across the United States...
January 6, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062925/impact-of-vocational-interests-previous-academic-experience-gender-and-age-on-situational-judgement-test-performance
#5
Nienke R Schripsema, Anke M van Trigt, Jan C C Borleffs, Janke Cohen-Schotanus
Situational Judgement Tests (SJTs) are increasingly implemented in medical school admissions. In this paper, we investigate the effects of vocational interests, previous academic experience, gender and age on SJT performance. The SJT was part of the selection process for the Bachelor's degree programme in Medicine at University of Groningen, the Netherlands. All applicants for the academic year 2015-2016 were included and had to choose between learning communities Global Health (n = 126), Sustainable Care (n = 149), Intramural Care (n = 225), or Molecular Medicine (n = 116)...
January 6, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061507/return-to-work-after-a-stroke-in-working-age-persons-a-six-year-follow-up
#6
Emma Westerlind, Hanna C Persson, Katharina S Sunnerhagen
OBJECTIVES: Stroke is one of the most common and resource intensive diseases for society. Stroke in the working age population is increasing in different parts of the world. An incomplete return to work (RTW) after sick leave post stroke entails negative consequences for the affected person and an economical burden for society. The aim of this study was to explore the RTW rate and factors associated with RTW in a six-year follow up post stroke. METHODS: Data from 174 persons 63 years or younger, with first ever stroke in 2009-2010 in Gothenburg were analyzed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058961/purpose-and-meaning-in-life-and-job-satisfaction-among-the-aged
#7
Jaywon Lee, Dongjoon Cho, Yu Jin Suh
This study investigates the relationship between purpose and meaning in life and job satisfaction among the aged. This issue is quite timely since there has been an increase in the employment rate of senior citizens in Asian countries due to the insufficient working-age population. We survey 228 seniors who are older than 55 years in South Korea. Our results suggest that purpose and meaning in life are highly associated with overall job satisfaction among the aged. We also find that vocation mediates the relationship between purpose and meaning in life and job satisfaction...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043245/-association-between-5-hydroxytryptamine-2a-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-and-susceptibility-to-occupational-stress-in-oilfield-workers
#8
Y Jiang, Abudoureyimu Palizhati, X Y Gao, S Z Guan, J W Liu
Objective: To investigate the association between 5-hydroxytryptamine 2A (5-HT2A) receptor gene polymorphisms and occupational stress in oilfield workers. Methods: Cluster sampling was used to select 826 oilfield workers from January to August, 2013. The SNaPshot single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping method was used to determine the genotypes of rs6313, rs1923884, and rs2070040 in 5-HT2A receptor gene, and the Occupational Stress Inventory-Revised Edition was used to analyze occupational stress in these workers...
October 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041917/cognitive-remediation-and-occupational-outcome-in-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-a-2year-follow-up-study
#9
June Ullevoldsæter Lystad, Erik Falkum, Vegard Øksendal Haaland, Helen Bull, Stig Evensen, Susan R McGurk, Torill Ueland
Neurocognitive impairment is prominent in schizophrenia and a significant predictor of poor occupational outcomes. Vocational rehabilitation (VR) is frequently implemented to counteract high unemployment rates. Individuals with schizophrenia however face numerous challenges such as neurocognitive impairments and psychotic symptoms. Hence, augmenting VR to address illness-related factors may optimize occupational outcomes. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of Cognitive Remediation (CR) combined with VR(CR+VR) compared to techniques from Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) combined with VR(CBT+VR) on neurocognition and occupational functioning over a 2year period...
December 29, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039293/cohort-study-of-early-literacy-and-childbearing-over-the-reproductive-lifecourse
#10
Jane W Seymour, Rosemary Frasso, Frances S Shofer, Ian M Bennett
INTRODUCTION: Literacy is linked to a range of health outcomes, but its association with reproductive health in high-income countries is not well understood. We assessed the relationship between early-life literacy and childbearing across the reproductive lifecourse in the USA. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort design was employed to assess early-life literacy and subsequent childbearing, using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979. The US youth aged 14-22 years in 1979, including 6283 women, were surveyed annually through 1994 and biannually thereafter...
December 30, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035941/opportunities-and-barriers-for-successful-return-to-work-after-acquired-brain-injury-a%C3%A2-patient-perspective
#11
Marie Matérne, Lars-Olov Lundqvist, Thomas Strandberg
BACKGROUND: Many people who suffer an acquired brain injury (ABI) are of working age. There are benefits, for the patient, the workplace, and society, to finding factors that facilitate successful return to work (RTW). OBJECTIVE: The aim was to increase knowledge of opportunities and barriers for a successful RTW in patients with ABI. METHOD: Five men and five women with ABI participated. All had successfully returned to work at least 20 hours a week...
December 30, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032409/change-in-receptive-vocabulary-from-childhood-to-adulthood-associated-mental-health-education-and-employment-outcomes
#12
Rebecca Armstrong, Wendy Arnott, David A Copland, Katie McMahon, Asaduzzaman Khan, Jake M Najman, James G Scott
BACKGROUND: Population-based studies have found that early language delays are associated with poorer long-term outcomes in adolescence and adulthood. Few studies have explored the influence of change in language ability over time on adult outcomes. AIM: To examine the educational, vocational and mental health outcomes for adults accounting for different vocabulary developmental profiles over a 16-year period. METHODS & PROCEDURES: A total of 1914 participants of the Mater-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy (MUSP) were categorized into four groups based on their vocabulary skills at 5 and 21 years: (1) persistently good (n = 1679), (2) persistently poor (n = 33), (3) improved (n = 160), and (4) deteriorated (n = 42)...
December 29, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030515/employment-outcomes-following-spinal-cord-injury-in-taiwan
#13
I-C Huang
It is important to maximize vocational achievement following spinal cord injury. Despite this recognition, unemployment remains a prevalent problem and continues to challenge rehabilitation professionals. This study aimed to examine the employment status and determinants of employability for individuals with spinal cord injury in Taiwan. A cross-sectional survey was conducted. A total of 353 participants aged 18-65 years were recruited from four branches of the Association of People with Spinal Cord Injury...
December 26, 2016: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027156/education-vs-training-does-it-matter
#14
Kathryn A Higley
The National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements' (NCRP) "Where are the Radiation Professionals?" initiative brought renewed attention to the declining numbers of individuals in radiation protection fields. This paper is an expanded version of the oral presentation by the author at the 2016 NCRP Annual Meeting. Health physics (HP) as a discipline and vocation is at a critical juncture. Perhaps less well recognized is the extreme peril facing academic HP programs. Higher education today is vastly different from what it was even 20 y ago...
February 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026793/a-wireless-semg-based-body-machine-interface-for-assistive-technology-devices
#15
Cheikh Latyr Fall, Gabriel Gagnon-Turcotte, J F Dube, Jean Simon Gagne, Yanick Delisle, Alexandre Campeau-Lecours, Clement Gosselin, Benoit Gosselin
Assistive Technology (AT) tools and appliances are being more and more widely used and developed worldwide to improve the autonomy of people living with disabilities and ease the interaction with their environments. This paper describes an intuitive and wireless surface electromyography (sEMG) based body-machine interface for AT tools. Spinal cord injuries (SCIs) at C5-C8 levels affect patients' arms, forearms, hands and fingers control. Thus, using classical AT control interfaces (keypads, joysticks, etc.) is often difficult or impossible...
December 21, 2016: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019013/a-cultural-take-on-the-links-between-religiosity-identity-and-meaning-in-life-in-religious-emerging-adults
#16
Oana Negru-Subtirica, Alexandra Tiganasu, Jessie Dezutter, Koen Luyckx
Identity and meaning in life are core developmental assets in emerging adulthood. We analysed how religiosity is related to these intentional strivings in emerging adults enrolled in theological education, by depicting (1) identity strivings and meaning in life accounts in faith narratives (Study 1) and (2) links between personal identity and meaning in life profiles and religious beliefs, behaviours, and subjective experiences (Study 2). Both studies highlighted that a Foreclosed status, with high personal commitment and reduced exploration, was dominant in faith narratives and personal identity profiles...
December 26, 2016: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009697/an-intervention-bundle-to-facilitate-return-to-work-for-burn-injured-workers-report-from-a-burn-model-system-investigation
#17
Gretchen J Carrougher, Sabina B Brych, Tam N Pham, Samuel P Mandell, Nicole S Gibran
Rates of return to work (RTW) after burn injury vary. A 2012 systematic review of the burn literature reported that nearly 28% of all adult burn survivors never return to any form of employment. These authors called for interventions designed to assist survivors' ability to function in an employed capacity. In 2010, our burn center outpatient clinic instituted an intervention aimed to return injured workers to employment within 90 days of their insurance claims. The interventions include patient/family education focused on recovery rather than disability, employer contact and education by the vocational rehabilitation (VR) counselor, physician recommendations for work accommodations, provision of employee status letters, and Activity Prescription Forms (APFs)...
January 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000421/job-satisfaction-quality-of-work-life-and-work-motivation-in-employees-with-intellectual-disability-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Andreas Kocman, Germain Weber
BACKGROUND: Current research on employment options for people with Intellectual Disability emphasizes the importance of employee needs and satisfaction. The study aims at systematically reviewing the literature on job satisfaction and related constructs. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted. Studies were included if (i) they are specific to effects of work, (ii) assessed variables are related to job satisfaction, QoWL, attitudes towards work or work motivation and if (iii) studies reported intellectual disability-specific results...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999378/effect-of-5-ht2a-receptor-polymorphisms-work-stressors-and-social-support-on-job-strain-among-petroleum-workers-in-xinjiang-china
#19
Yu Jiang, Jinhua Tang, Rong Li, Junling Zhao, Zhixin Song, Hua Ge, Yulong Lian, Jiwen Liu
Previous studies have shown that work stressors and social support influence job strain. However, few studies have examined the impact of individual differences on job strain. In Xinjiang, there are a large number of petroleum workers in arid deserts. The present study investigated the effects of work stressors, social support, and 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor (5-HTR2A) genotype on the etiology of job strain among petroleum workers in Xinjiang. A cross-sectional study was carried out between January and August 2013...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992866/lost-productivity-in-stroke-survivors-an-econometrics-analysis
#20
Manav V Vyas, Daniel G Hackam, Frank L Silver, Audrey Laporte, Moira K Kapral
BACKGROUND: Stroke leads to a substantial societal economic burden. Loss of productivity among stroke survivors is a significant contributor to the indirect costs associated with stroke. We aimed to characterize productivity and factors associated with employability in stroke survivors. METHODS: We used the Canadian Community Health Survey 2011-2012 to identify stroke survivors and employment status. We used multivariable logistic models to determine the impact of stroke on employment and on factors associated with employability, and used Heckman models to estimate the effect of stroke on productivity (number of hours worked/week and hourly wages)...
December 20, 2016: Neuroepidemiology
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