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Pancreatic cystic tumors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325350/-the-current-status-of-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-pancreatic-cystic-neoplasm-in-china-a-report-of-2-251-cases
#1
(no author information available yet)
Objective: To analyze the current status of diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic cystic neoplasm(PCN)in China. Methods: Clinical data of 2 251 PCN patients who underwent surgical resection from January 2006 to December 2016 in 16 institutions was retrospectively analyzed.Excel database was created which covered 132 fields of 7 fields: general information of patients, imaging findings, preoperative blood biochemical indexes, tumor markers, surgical related data, postoperative complications and pathology. Results: Of the 2 251 patients, the male to female ratio was 1...
January 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325345/-important-issues-need-to-be-emphasized-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-pancreatic-cystic-neoplasms
#2
W H Lou, Y P Zhao
The patients of pancreatic cystic neoplasms diagnosed and treated are increasing over the past decade. Recent and long-tern risk and benefit should be well balanced when considering treatment, follow the principle of patient-benefit. For low malignancy potential neoplasm like serous cystic tumor or branch duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm, surgical indication should be reserved to those with obvious malignant potential.Decreasing perioperative mortality and morbidity should be emphasized. Comprehensive studies are needed to validate the efficacy of new diagnostic and treatment technique before applied to clinical...
January 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317372/pancreas-ductal-adenocarcinoma-with-cystic-features-on-cross-sectional-imaging-radiologic-pathologic-correlation
#3
Seo Yeon Youn, Sung Eun Rha, Eun Sun Jung, In Seok Lee
Most pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDAs) show solid growth pattern, but ductal adenocarcinomas may demonstrate intratumoral cystic appearance or accompany peritumoral non-neoplastic cystic lesions, thus mimicking cystic pancreatic tumors on imaging studies. The histopathologic findings for PDA with cystic feature are divided into neoplastic and non-neoplastic cysts. Neoplastic cystic changes include large-duct type cysts (microcystic appearance), neoplastic mucin cysts (macrocystic appearance), colloid carcinomas (mucinous noncystic adenocarcinomas), and degenerative cystic change usually caused by hemorrhagic necrosis of tumor...
January 2018: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313698/cystic-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumor-pancreatic-endocrine-or-neuroendocrine-tumor-endoscopic-ultrasonography
#4
Modesto J Varas, Carme Loras, Agustí Balboa
Cystic pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (cPNETs) represent less than 8% of all pancreatic cysts and approximately 13% of pancreatic endocrine tumors (PNETs). According to a recent review, the percentage of non-functional (NF) PNETs is 85% and 44.6% are incidentalomas. In our series of 75 PNET cases, ten cPNET cases (13%) were identified which are discussed and summarized below.
January 9, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309781/technical-feasibility-diagnostic-yield-and-safety-of-micro-forceps-biopsies-during-eus-evaluation-of-pancreatic-cystic-lesions-with-video
#5
Chetan Mittal, Joshua C Obuch, Hazem Hammad, Steven A Edmundowicz, Sachin Wani, Raj J Shah, Brian C Brauer, Augustin R Attwell, Jeffrey B Kaplan, Mihir S Wagh
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Through-the-needle micro forceps are a recent addition to the EUS armamentarium for evaluation of pancreatic cystic lesions (PCLs). The main aim of this study was to assess the technical feasibility, diagnostic yield and safety of EUS-guided micro forceps biopsy for PCLs. METHODS: Our electronic endoscopy database was queried to identify patients who underwent EUS-FNA of PCLs and micro forceps biopsies, during the same procedure. The wall of the cyst was biopsied with the micro forceps through the 19-gauge needle and cyst fluid was collected for cytology, and CEA levels...
January 5, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299757/benign-tumors-of-the-pancreas-radical-surgery-versus-parenchyma-sparing-local-resection-the-challenge-facing-surgeons
#6
EDITORIAL
Hans G Beger
Pancreaticoduodenectomy and left-sided pancreatectomy are the surgical treatment standards for tumors of the pancreas. Surgeons, who are requested to treat patients with benign tumors, using standard oncological resections, face the challenge of sacrificing pancreatic and extra-pancreatic tissue. Tumor enucleation, pancreatic middle segment resection and local, duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resections are surgical procedures increasingly used as alternative treatment modalities compared to classical pancreatic resections...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296236/combined-microrna-and-mrna-microfluidic-taqman-array-cards-for-the-diagnosis-of-malignancy-of-multiple-types-of-pancreatico-biliary-tumors-in-fine-needle-aspiration-material
#7
Thomas M Gress, Ludwig Lausser, Lyn-Rouven Schirra, Lisa Ortmüller, Ramona Diels, Bo Kong, Christoph W Michalski, Thilo Hackert, Oliver Strobel, Nathalia A Giese, Miriam Schenk, Rita T Lawlor, Aldo Scarpa, Hans A Kestler, Malte Buchholz
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) continues to carry the lowest survival rates among all solid tumors. A marked resistance against available therapies, late clinical presentation and insufficient means for early diagnosis contribute to the dismal prognosis. Novel biomarkers are thus required to aid treatment decisions and improve patient outcomes. We describe here a multi-omics molecular platform that allows for the first time to simultaneously analyze miRNA and mRNA expression patterns from minimal amounts of biopsy material on a single microfluidic TaqMan Array card...
December 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289465/investigating-the-role-of-transcription-factors-of-pancreas-development-in-pancreatic-cancer
#8
REVIEW
Ahmad Abu Turab Naqvi, Gulam Mustafa Hasan, Md Imtaiyaz Hassan
Pancreatic cancer (PC) is the seventh most common cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide that kills more than 300,000 people every year. Prognosis of PC is very poor with a five-year survival rate about 5%. The most common and highly observed type of PC is pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). It is preceded by the progression of precursor lesions such as Pancreatic Intraepithelial Neoplasia (PanIN), Intraductal Papillary Neoplasm (IPMN) and Mucinous Cystic Neoplasm (MCN). PanIN is the most common among these premalignant lesions...
December 24, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288372/robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-surgery-for-pediatric-tumors-a-bicenter-experience
#9
P Meignan, Q Ballouhey, J Lejeune, K Braik, B Longis, A R Cook, H Lardy, L Fourcade, Aurélien Binet
Mini-invasive surgery is more and more integrated in pediatric surgery. The robotic-assisted surgery brought new advantages from which the patient and the surgeon could benefit compared to laparoscopy. Its use in oncological surgery is still controversial. 12 robotic-assisted tumor resections with the da Vinci Surgical Robot (Intuitive Surgical, Sunnyvale, CA) were attempted in 11 children (mean age 7.65 years; age range 0.75-16.75 years; mean weight 30.3 kg; weight range 8.6-62 kg) in two centers. Mean total operative time was 145 min (range 72-263 min)...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288277/new-guidelines-for-use-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-for-evaluation-and-risk-stratification-of-pancreatic-cystic-lesions-may-be-too-conservative
#10
Nadav Sahar, Anthony Razzak, Zaheer S Kanji, David L Coy, Richard Kozarek, Andrew S Ross, Michael Gluck, Michael Larsen, Shayan Irani, S Ian Gan
BACKGROUND: The role of EUS in managing asymptomatic pancreatic cystic lesions (PCLs) remains unresolved. We retrospectively evaluated EUS in risk stratification of PCLs when adhering to the most recent AGA guidelines. METHODS: Asymptomatic PCLs that were evaluated by EUS from January 2014 to December 2014 were retrospectively reviewed including associated cytology, fluid analysis, and relevant surgical pathology. Cross-sectional imaging reports were reviewed blindly by an expert radiologist using AGA risk stratification terminology...
December 29, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287021/does-computed-tomography-have-the-ability-to-differentiate-aggressive-from-nonaggressive-solid-pseudopapillary-neoplasm
#11
Ashita Rastogi, Mathew Assing, Mellisa Taggart, Brinda Rao, Jia Sun, Khaled Elsayes, Eric Tamm, Priya Bhosale
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the ability of contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) to differentiate aggressive from nonaggressive solid pseudopapillary neoplasms (SPNs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty treatment-naive patients with pathologically proven pancreatic SPNs were included. Imaging characteristics were determined by consensus of 3 radiologists blinded to histopathologic aggressiveness. All patients underwent 4-phase CECT using a pancreatic protocol...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281757/short-term-outcomes-and-risk-factors-for-pancreatic-fistula-after-pancreatic-enucleation-a-single-center-experience-of-142-patients
#12
Xing Wang, Chun-Lu Tan, Hao Zhang, Yong-Hua Chen, Min Yang, Neng-Wen Ke, Xu-Bao Liu
BACKGROUND: Enucleation is increasingly used for benign or low-grade pancreatic neoplasms. Enucleation preserves the pancreatic parenchyma as well as decreases the risk of long-term endocrine and exocrine dysfunction, but may be associated with a higher rate of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF). The aim of this study was to assess short-term outcomes, in particular, POPF. METHODS: Data were collected retrospectively from all 142 patients who underwent pancreatic enucleation between 2009 and 2014 in our institution were analyzed...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258825/role-of-diffusion-weighted-mr-imaging-in-predicting-the-grade-of-nonfunctional-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors
#13
F Kulali, A Semiz-Oysu, M Demir, M Segmen-Yilmaz, Y Bukte
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings including diffusion-weighted MRI of nonfunctional pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PanNETs) and their hepatic metastases, and investigate the relationships between MRI features and histopathological findings for each grade of PanNETs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 patients were included. There were 14 men and 16 women with a mean age of 61.60±11 (SD) years (range: 31-81years)...
December 16, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251271/can-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-needle-based-confocal-laser-endomicroscopy-replace-fine-needle-aspiration-for-pancreatic-and-mediastinal-diseases
#14
REVIEW
Jintao Guo, Manoop S Bhutani, Marc Giovannini, Zhaoshen Li, Zhendong Jin, Aiming Yang, Guoqiang Xu, Guiqi Wang, Siyu Sun
New applications of confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE) have been developed, such as needle-based CLE (nCLE) for pancreatic masses, pancreatic cystic tumors, and lymph nodes. nCLE is feasible during endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) examination, and preliminary results are very encouraging and suggest this technology may be used in future as a useful adjunct in cases of inconclusive EUS-guided fine-needle aspiration. The aim of this paper is to give an update in this new technology and to define its place in the diagnosis of pancreatic masses and mediastinal diseases...
November 2017: Endoscopic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241991/pancreatic-cyst-fluid-glucose-rapid-inexpensive-and-accurate-diagnosis-of-mucinous-pancreatic-cysts
#15
Rosalie A Carr, Michele T Yip-Schneider, Rachel E Simpson, Scott Dolejs, Justine G Schneider, Huangbing Wu, Eugene P Ceppa, Walter Park, C Max Schmidt
BACKGROUND: The most widely accepted biochemical test for preoperative differentiation of mucinous from benign, nonmucinous pancreatic cysts is cyst fluid carcinoembryonic antigen. However, the diagnostic accuracy of carcinoembryonic antigen ranges from 70% to 86%. Based on previous work, we hypothesize that pancreatic cyst fluid glucose may be an attractive alternative to carcinoembryonic antigen. METHODS: Pancreatic cyst fluid was collected during endoscopic or operative intervention...
December 11, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241452/pancreatic-schwannoma-a-case-report-and-an-updated-40-year-review-of-the-literature-yielding-68-cases
#16
Yuntong Ma, Bingqi Shen, Yingmei Jia, Yanji Luo, Yisu Tian, Zhi Dong, Wei Chen, Zi-Ping Li, Shi-Ting Feng
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic schwannoma is a rare tumor. Preoperative diagnosis of pancreatic schwannoma is challenging due to its tendency to mimic other lesions of the pancreas. We describe a case of pancreatic schwannoma and present a review of the cases currently reported in the English literature to identify characteristics of pancreatic schwannoma on imaging. CASE PRESENTATION: A 53-year-old male presented with a history of intermittent periumbilical abdominal pain and lower back pain for 1 week...
December 14, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237476/giant-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-with-predominantly-cystic-changes-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
Liying Wang, Libin Liu, Zhaohui Liu, Yueli Tian, Zhe Lin
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) rarely present with predominantly cystic changes. Here, we report a case of giant GIST of the stomach with predominantly cystic changes in a 74-year-old female patient. CASE PRESENTATION: The tumor was 10 cm × 15 cm in size and positive for CD117, H-caldesmon, and DOG-1. Complete surgical resection was performed without regional lymphadenectomy. The patient recovered uneventfully and no recurrence occurred...
December 13, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191273/rare-tumors-and-lesions-of-the-pancreas
#18
REVIEW
John A Stauffer, Horacio J Asbun
There are a few entities that account for most solid and cystic masses of the pancreas. The pancreas harbors a wide array of diseases, including adenocarcinoma, and its variants, such as anaplastic and adenosquamous carcinoma. Other neoplasms include acinar cell carcinoma, solid pseudopapillary tumor, and sarcomas. Benign lesions include hamartomas, hemangiomas, lymphangioma, and plasmacytoma. Isolated metastases include renal cell carcinoma, melanoma, and other carcinomas. Benign inflammatory conditions, such as autoimmune pancreatitis and groove pancreatitis can also mimic solid neoplasms of the pancreas...
February 2018: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151529/rare-case-of-pancreatic-cystic-lymphangioma
#19
Masakuni Fujii, Hiroaki Saito, Masao Yoshioka, Junji Shiode
Pancreatic cystic lymphangioma is an extremely rare tumor. The characteristic imaging findings are poorly defined, and distinguishing between this disease and other pancreatic cyst-related tumors is very difficult. We herein report a case of a Japanese woman in her 50s with this lesion, located in the tail of the pancreas. Pancreatic cystic lymphangioma should therefore be considered in the differential diagnosis of pancreatic cystic lesions. Laparoscopic resection can be a useful, minimally invasive surgical approach for treating these cysts as well as for the treatment of benign or low-grade malignant tumors located in the pancreatic body or tail...
November 20, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140113/prediction-of-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumor-grade-based-on-ct-features-and-texture-analysis
#20
Rodrigo Canellas, Kristine S Burk, Anushri Parakh, Dushyant V Sahani
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to assess whether CT texture analysis and CT features are predictive of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (PNET) grade based on the World Health Organization (WHO) classification and to identify features related to disease progression after surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Preoperative contrast-enhanced CT images of 101 patients with PNETs were assessed. The images were evaluated for tumor location, tumor size, tumor pattern, predominantly solid or cystic composition, presence of calcification, presence of heterogeneous enhancement on contrast-enhanced images, presence of pancreatic duct dilatation, presence of pancreatic atrophy, presence of vascular involvement by the tumor, and presence of lymphadenopathy...
November 15, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
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