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Pancreatic cystic tumors

Valentina Tardivo, Francesca Vincitorio, Matteo Monticelli, Luca Bertero, Francesco Zenga, Alessandro Ducati, Paola Cassoni, Diego Garbossa
BACKGROUND: Brain metastases in pancreatic cancer are a rare condition and are usually seen in case of pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Only few cases of brain metastasis in patients affected by Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) are actually reported. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report a patient diagnosed with double cystic brain lesions that the histological examination reveal to be consistent, with pancreatic metastasis. Our patient had an history shown of stable pancreatic IPMN which has never made the oncologist suspicious about neoplastic progression or degeneration into pancreatic carcinoma...
March 20, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Linda C Chu, Pamela T Johnson, Elliot K Fishman
Pancreatic cancer is the third most common cause of cancer death and CT is the most commonly used modality for the initial evaluation of suspected pancreatic cancer. Post-processing of CT data into 2D multiplanar and 3D reconstructions has been shown to improve tumor visualization and assessment of tumor resectability compared to axial slices, and is considered the standard of care. Cinematic rendering is a new 3D-rendering technique that produces photorealistic images, and it has the potential to more accurately depict anatomic detail compared to traditional 3D reconstruction techniques...
March 17, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
Chungen Lan, Xin Li, Xiuchao Wang, Jihui Hao, He Ren
Objective: Cystic lesions of the pancreas have been increasingly recognized. Some lesions exhibit benign behavior, while others have unequivocal malignant potential. Thus, accurate identification of malignancy in patients diagnosed with pancreatic cystic neoplasms (PCNs) remains a major challenge. The aim of this study was to define a combined criterion to better predict malignant lesions in patients with PCNs. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 165 patients who underwent resection of PCNs from October 2011 to May 2017...
February 2018: Cancer Biology & Medicine
Uayporn Kaosombatwattana, Yoshiki Hirooka, Hiroki Kawashima, Eizaburo Ohno, Takuya Ishikawa, Hiroki Suhara, Hidemi Goto
Endoscopic ultrasound is increasingly being used for evaluation of pancreatic diseases and pancreatic tumors. Among various pancreatic cystic lesions, cystic degeneration of pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasm is of the challenge in making diagnosis. Although unique characteristic of each type of pancreatic cystic lesions has been proposed abundantly, typical morphology of cystic degeneration of pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasm is still unclear. We, herein, reported a case of 66-year-old woman who was incidentally found to have a cystic lesion in the tail of pancreas upon screening transabdominal ultrasonography...
March 13, 2018: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
Vincent P Groot, Sameer S Thakker, Georgios Gemenetzis, Michaël Noë, Ammar A Javed, Richard A Burkhart, Behnoud B Noveiry, John L Cameron, Matthew J Weiss, Christopher J VandenBussche, Elliot K Fishman, Ralph H Hruban, Christopher L Wolfgang, Anne Marie Lennon, Jin He
BACKGROUND: Lymphoepithelial cysts (LECs) are rare pancreatic cystic lesions. Since LECs are benign, preoperative diagnosis is important to differentiate from a cystic neoplasm and avoid unnecessary surgery. The aim of this study was to identify clinical, radiographic and cytopathologic features associated with LECs. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of patients diagnosed with LEC between 1995 and 2017 at our hospital. Clinicopathologic and radiographic imaging features were documented...
March 9, 2018: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
Hiromichi Kawaida, Ayako Kimura, Mitsuaki Watanabe, Hidenori Akaike, Naohiro Hosomura, Yoshihiko Kawaguchi, Hidetake Amemiya, Makoto Sudo, Hiroshi Kono, Masanori Matsuda, Hideki Fujii, Daisuke Ichikawa, Mitsuharu Fukasawa, Ei Takahashi, Katsuhiro Sano, Tomohiro Inoue
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal duplication cyst is a congenital rare disease that may occur in any region from mouth to anus. Among them, gastric duplication cysts are very rare. CASE REPORT: Here we report A 23-year-old Japanese man who visited our hospital to evaluate an abdominal tumor. Abdominal computed tomography showed a well-circumscribed homogenous low-density mass measuring 6.2 × 6.0 cm between the pancreatic tail and the upper posterior wall on the gastric greater curvature, and the mass seemed to originate from the pancreatic tail...
February 24, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Oscar V Hernández Mondragón, Juan M Velez Resendiz, Rodolfo R Ruiz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Pancreatic solid masses (PSM) are difficult to assess; endoscopic ultrasound with fine-needle aspiration (FNA) enables tissue acquisition, but has high false-negative rates. Quantitative elastography (QE) predicts diagnosis on the basis of the strain ratio (SR). We aimed to compare both methods to evaluate PSM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study, carried out between January and December 2016, included suspected PSM cases; those with advanced disease and cystic components were excluded...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Takayuki Ogino, Yongkook Kim, Tomoki Hata, Hiromitsu Hoshino, Miho Okano, Junji Kawada, Masaki Okuyama, Masaru Yamazaki, Toshimasa Tsujinaka
A 74-year-old femalewas admitted to our hospital dueto thebulky abdominal tumor pointed out by ultrasonography of medical screening. Abdominal CT revealed the tumor, in a diameter 20 cm, replaced the total pancreas and compressed the surrounding organs and portal vein. We diagnosed as a pancreatic serous cystic neoplasm with a possibility of malignancy. The operative findings showed the tumor tightly adhered to stomach, duodenum, liver, transverse colon mesenterium, retroperitoneum and the surrounding main vessels...
February 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Ling Hui, Asif Rashid, Wai Chin Foo, Matthew H Katz, Deyali Chatterjee, Hua Wang, Jason B Fleming, Eric P Tamm, Huamin Wang
Mucinous cystic neoplasm (MCN) of pancreas is one of the precursor lesions of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. The 5-year disease-specific survival for noninvasive MCNs was 100% and 20% to 60% for those with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma arising in a MCN. However, the significance of T1a (≤0.5 cm) and T1b (>0.5 and <1.0 cm) carcinoma arising in MCN as defined by the upcoming American Joint Committee on Cancer, eighth edition is unclear. In this study, we examined 3 cases of MCN with T1a or T1b carcinoma and compared their clinicopathologic characteristics and survival to 46 cases of MCN with low-grade dysplasia (MCN-LGD), 7 cases of MCN with high-grade dysplasia (MCN-HGD), and 7 cases of MCN with advanced invasive carcinoma (T2 or higher T stage)...
February 16, 2018: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Diogo Turiani Hourneaux De Moura, Martin Coronel, Danielle Azevedo Chacon, Ryan Tanigawa, Dalton M Chaves, Sérgio E Matuguma, Marcos E Lera Dos Santos, José Jukemura, Eduardo Guimarâes Hourneaux De Moura
Pancreatic cancer is the second most common malignancy of the gastrointestinal tract in the US, and adenocarcinoma has been identified as the most common type of pancreatic cancer. Different types of pancreatic cancers have been classified: adenocarcinoma, ductal adenosquamous carcinoma, solid pseudopapillary tumors, endocrine neoplasms, acinar cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, cystic tumors, primary lymphoma of the pancreas, and metastatic lesions of the pancreas. Adenosquamous carcinoma is extremely rare, behave in a very aggressive way and is responsible for the 1 to 4% of the pancreatic exocrine neoplastic lesions...
October 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
Stefan Fritz, Regina Küper-Steffen, Katharina Feilhauer, Christoph M Sommer, Götz M Richter, René Hennig, Jörg Köninger
RATIONALE: Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas (IPMNs) are benign cystic tumors with a relevant risk of malignant transformation over time. Currently, follow-up after surgical resection of benign IPMNs remains controversial. PATIENT CONCERNS: This is a case report of a 68-year-old male who underwent pancreatic head resection for a multicystic side-branch IPMN with low-grade epithelial dysplasia in March 2009 at the Katharinenhospital Stuttgart, Germany...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Chang Moo Kang, Akira Matsushita, Ho Kyoung Hwang, Yoko Matsuda, Hyunki Kim, Yoshiharu Nakamura, Woo Jung Lee
The present study aimed to elucidate the clinicopathological characteristics of resected mucinous cystic neoplasm (MCN) with ovarian-type stroma and identify a surgical approach for MCN treatment, on the basis of Republic of Korean (Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea) and Japanese (Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan) bi-institutional collaboration. The present study retrospectively reviewed 55 MCNs with ovarian-type stroma using pathological re-examination. Clinicopathological features and preoperative clinical parameters were evaluated to predict malignant alterations in MCNs...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
Kazuhide Shimamatsu, Yoshiki Naito, Yutaro Mihara, Masamichi Nakayama, Masahiko Tanigawa, Yushi Abe, Ken Nakamura, Toshihiro Araki, Kenji Sakata, Kazunori Noguchi, Jun Akiba, Hirohisa Yano, Osamu Nakashima
The present case study documents an autopsy case of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF)-producing mucinous cystic neoplasm (MCN), with an associated invasive carcinoma of the pancreas. A 65-year-old woman presented to Omuta City Hospital (Omuta Japan) with a primary complaint of abdominal pain. Multiple liver nodules and a pancreatic cyst were detected upon abdominal computed tomography. Initially, liver abscess was suspected as the patient exhibited leukocytosis and elevated C-reactive protein level...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
Lauren M Postlewait, Cecilia G Ethun, Mia R McInnis, Nipun Merchant, Alexander Parikh, Kamran Idrees, Chelsea A Isom, William Hawkins, Ryan C Fields, Matthew Strand, Sharon M Weber, Clifford S Cho, Ahmed Salem, Robert C G Martin, Charles Scoggins, David Bentrem, Hong J Kim, Jacquelyn Carr, Syed Ahmad, Daniel Abbott, Gregory C Wilson, David A Kooby, Shishir K Maithel
Pancreatic mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCNs) are rare tumors typically of the distal pancreas that harbor malignant potential. Although resection is recommended, data are limited on optimal operative approaches to distal pancreatectomy for MCN. MCN resections (2000-2014; eight institutions) were included. Outcomes of minimally invasive and open MCN resections were compared. A total of 289 patients underwent distal pancreatectomy for MCN: 136(47%) minimally invasive and 153(53%) open. Minimally invasive procedures were associated with smaller MCN size (3...
January 1, 2018: American Surgeon
Javier A Cienfuegos, Luis Hurtado-Pardo, Javier Antoñanzas
We are grateful for the helpful comments of Varas et al. with regard to the phenotype of cystic pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (CPNT) reported in a recent meta-analysis of 436 patients. Varas et al. highlight the lower incidence of CPNT diagnosed incidentally in 135 patients (44.6%) in comparison with a recent series of 49 patients with an incidental tumor diagnosis of 56.5%.
February 9, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Takashi Noma, Hajime Hirose, Yoshito Ide, Hiroki Imamura, Yuriko Yagi, Yukako Mokutani, Yasuji Hashimoto, Kenichi Nagai, Jin Matsuyama, Masaru Kubota, Yukio Fukushima, Shigeyuki Tamura, Yo Sasaki
A 70's woman with a history of abdominal surgery for gastric cancer visited our hospital for the evaluation of bleeding during defecation.We diagnosed her with advanced rectal cancer and performed laparoscopic low anterior resection.As postoperative pathological staging was pT3N2M0, pStage III b, we included CapeOx therapy as adjuvant chemotherapy.One year and 4 months after the surgery, lung and liver metastases were revealed by CT and PET-CT scans.At the same time, dilatation of the main pancreatic duct(intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm: IPMN)was detected...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Shuto Fujita, Hiroyoshi Matsukawa, Shigehiro Shiozaki, Daisuke Satoh, Hitoshi Idani, Yasutomo Ojima, Masao Harano, Kanyu Nakano, Daisuke Sumitani, Yasuhiro Choda, Michihiro Ishida, Soichiro Miyake, Tetsushi Kubota, Masazumi Okajima
Anaplastic carcinoma spindle cell type is an extremely rare disease and its prognosis is very poor. We herein report a case of anaplastic carcinoma spindle cell type of the pancreas. A 50-year-old man complaining of epigastralgia was found to have a pancreatic body-tail tumor by abdominal US and CT studies. Abdominal CT showed an irregular poorly-enhanced 33mm tumor containing a cystic component. ERCP revealed the main pancreatic duct was cut off at the tumor. Cytology of the pancreatic fluids did not indicate malignancy...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Yutaka Takeda, Kohei Murata, Yoshiaki Ohmura, Yoshiteru Katsura, Takuya Sakamoto, Yohei Nose, Ryota Mori, Kenji Kawai, Junichi Inatome, Kohei Murakami, Atsushi Naito, Yoshinori Kagawa, Toru Masuzawa, Atsushi Takeno, Chiyomi Egawa
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor(P-NET)is relatively rare and often has less aggressive biological behavior. P-NET was re-designated by the WHO in 2010 and 2017. Laparoscopic surgery is minimally invasive but has technical difficulties such as limitation of movement and laparoscopic view. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of laparoscopic pancreatectomy(LPT)for P-NET. METHODS: Between January 2012 and June 2017, 6 patients underwent LPT for P-NET at Kansai Rosai Hospital...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Hiroto Matsui, Kazuhiko Sakamoto, Satoshi Matsukuma, Yukio Tokumitsu, Yoshihiro Tokuhisa, Shinsuke Kanekiyo, Shinobu Tomochika, Michihisa Iida, Nobuaki Suzuki, Shigeru Takeda, Shigefumi Yoshino, Shoichi Hazama, Tomio Ueno, Hiroaki Nagano
The patient was a 46-year-old woman with left lower abdominal pain.Abdominal dynamic CT revealed a 40 mm, gradually- enhanced pancreatic head mass.The interior of the tumor was heterogeneous and partly low in density.Endoscopic ultrasonography showed a well-defined and heterogeneous tumor with an echoic area in the pancreatic head.Therefore, the cystic lesion with solid components was suspected to be a solid pseudopapillary neoplasm(SPN), considering the age of the patient.Subtotal stomach-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy was performed...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Feng Guo, Junli Wu, Yunpeng Peng, Min Tu, Bin Xiao, Cuncai Dai, Kuirong Jiang, Wentao Gao, Qiang Li, Jishu Wei, Jianmin Chen, Chunhua Xi, Zipeng Lu, Yi Miao
RATIONALE: Black pleural effusion (BPE) is an extremely uncommon type of pleural fluid, which can be due to infection, primary or metastatic malignancy, and hemorrhage. As reported in previous studies, BPE is also observed in some patients with pancreatic pseudocyst. PATIENT CONCERNS: We herein reported a case of a 14-year-old female patient who was admitted to our center with a history of cough for 1 and a half months and right chest pain for 1 month. Before this, she was consecutively hospitalized in 3 different hospitals due to the same symptoms...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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