keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

African American males and marijuana

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544995/intrauterine-exposure-to-tobacco-and-executive-functioning-in-high-school
#1
Ruth Rose-Jacobs, Mark A Richardson, Kathryn Buchanan-Howland, Clara A Chen, Howard Cabral, Timothy C Heeren, Jane Liebschutz, Leah Forman, Deborah A Frank
BACKGROUND: Executive functioning (EF), an umbrella construct encompassing gradual maturation of cognitive organization/management processes, is important to success in multiple settings including high school. Intrauterine tobacco exposure (IUTE) correlates with negative cognitive/behavioral outcomes, but little is known about its association with adolescent EF and information from real-life contexts is sparse. We evaluated the impact of IUTE on teacher-reported observations of EF in urban high school students controlling for covariates including other intrauterine and adolescent substance exposures...
May 10, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513200/hiv-infected-individuals-who-use-alcohol-and-other-drugs-and-virologic-suppression
#2
Seonaid Nolan, Alexander Y Walley, Timothy C Herren, Gregory J Patts, Alicia S Ventura, Meg M Sullivan, Jeffrey H Samet, Richard Saitz
People living with HIV (PLWH) on antiretroviral therapy (ART) who use substances were examined to (a) describe those with virologic control and (b) determine which substance use-factors are associated with lack of virologic control. Participants were adult PLWH taking ART with either past 12-month DSM-IV substance dependence or past 30-day alcohol or illicit drug use. Substance use factors included number of DSM-IV alcohol or drug dependence criteria and past 30-day specific substance use. Associations with HIV viral load (HVL) (<200 vs...
May 17, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370717/e-cigarette-use-of-young-adults-motivations-and-associations-with-combustible-cigarette-alcohol-marijuana-and-other-illicit-drugs
#3
Jeff R Temple, Ryan C Shorey, Yu Lu, Elizabeth Torres, Gregory L Stuart, Vi D Le
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although the prevalence of e-cigarette use among adolescents and young adults has caught up to or eclipsed that of combustible cigarette use, there is relatively little known about (a) the link between e-cigarettes and other substances and (b) the reasons underlying this increase in e-cigarette use. To address this gap in knowledge, the current study examined associations between e-cigarette use and other substances and identified motives for e-cigarette use among young adults...
June 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289139/longitudinal-predictors-of-synthetic-cannabinoid-use-in-adolescents
#4
Andrew L Ninnemann, Hye Jeong Choi, Gregory L Stuart, Jeff R Temple
BACKGROUND: Synthetic cannabinoids (SCs) are a large, heterogeneous group of chemicals that are structurally similar to δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol. Many SCs are high-efficacy full agonists of the CB1 and/or CB2 cannabinoid receptors, resulting in a potent group of chemicals with a variety of negative health effects, including death. SCs are available to adolescents at convenience stores and smoke shops and on the Internet. However, little is known about the risk factors that contribute to eventual use of SCs in adolescents, and no research has examined the psychiatric, personality, and substance-use risk factors that prospectively predict SC use...
March 13, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556872/the-relationship-between-hope-and-adolescent-likelihood-to-endorse-substance-use-behaviors-in-a-sample-of-marginalized-youth
#5
Merrian J Brooks, Michael P Marshal, Heather L McCauley, Antoine Douaihy, Elizabeth Miller
BACKGROUND: Hopefulness has been associated with increased treatment retention and reduced substance abuse among adults, and may be a promising modifiable factor to leverage in substance abuse treatment settings. Few studies have assessed the relationship between hopefulness and substance use in adolescents, particularly those with high-risk backgrounds. OBJECTIVE: We explored whether high hope is associated with less likelihood for engaging in a variety of substance use behaviors in a sample of marginalized adolescents...
November 9, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27263091/early-marijuana-initiation-the-link-between-prenatal-marijuana-exposure-early-childhood-behavior-and-negative-adult-roles
#6
Lidush Goldschmidt, Gale A Richardson, Cynthia Larkby, Nancy L Day
We investigated the associations among gestational factors including prenatal marijuana exposure (PME), child behavior at age 3, early age of onset of marijuana use (EAOM, <15years), and adult roles at 22years. Participants were drawn from the Maternal Health Practices and Child Development (MHPCD) Project, a longitudinal study of prenatal substance exposure in offspring who have been studied for over 22years since the prenatal phase. Data from the prenatal, birth, 3-, and 22-year phases (N=608) were used in the present study...
November 2016: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27248776/reasons-for-energy-drink-use-and-reported-adverse-effects-among-adolescent-emergency-department-patients
#7
Sean Patrick Nordt, Ilene Claudius, Cyrus Rangan, Erick Armijo, Peter Milano, Sheryl Yanger, Christian Tomaszsewski
OBJECTIVES: There is concern of energy drink use by adolescents. The objective of this study was to evaluate the energy drink consumption use, frequency, age of first use, reasons for use, influences of choice of brand, and adverse events recorded in a predominant Latino adolescent population. METHODS: Subjects between the ages of 13 and 19 years utilizing emergency department services for any reason at a large county hospital answered a questionnaire about energy drink usage...
February 10, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27066517/sexual-risk-behavior-among-male-and-female-truant-youths-exploratory-multi-group-latent-class-analysis
#8
Richard Dembo, Jennifer Wareham, Julie Krupa, Ken C Winters
Little is known of sexual risk behaviors among truant youths across gender. This study utilized latent class analysis to examined heterogeneity of sexual risk behaviors across gender among a sample of 300 truant adolescents. Results revealed two latent subgroups within gender: low vs. high sexual risk behaviors. There were gender differences in baseline covariates of sexual risk behaviors, with male truants in higher risk group experiencing ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) problems, and female truants in higher risk group experienced marijuana use and depression symptoms...
December 1, 2015: Journal of Alcoholism and Drug Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26985602/health-disparities-in-drug-and-alcohol-use-disorders-a-12-year-longitudinal-study-of-youths-after-detention
#9
Leah J Welty, Anna J Harrison, Karen M Abram, Nichole D Olson, David A Aaby, Kathleen P McCoy, Jason J Washburn, Linda A Teplin
OBJECTIVES: To examine sex and racial/ethnic differences in the prevalence of 9 substance-use disorders (SUDs)--alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, hallucinogen or PCP, opiate, amphetamine, inhalant, sedative, and unspecified drug--in youths during the 12 years after detention. METHODS: We used data from the Northwestern Juvenile Project, a prospective longitudinal study of 1829 youths randomly sampled from detention in Chicago, Illinois, starting in 1995 and reinterviewed up to 9 times in the community or correctional facilities through 2011...
May 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26874461/recreational-marijuana-use-and-acute-ischemic-stroke-a-population-based-analysis-of-hospitalized-patients-in-the-united-states
#10
Kavelin Rumalla, Adithi Y Reddy, Manoj K Mittal
BACKGROUND: Recreational marijuana use is considered to have few adverse effects. However, recent evidence has suggested that it precipitates cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events. Here, we investigated the relationship between marijuana use and hospitalization for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) using data from the largest inpatient database in the United States. METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample was queried from 2004 to 2011 for all patients (age 15-54) with a primary diagnosis of AIS...
May 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26643414/psychosocial-determinants-of-marijuana-use-among-african-american-youth
#11
Rebecca A Vidourek, Keith A King, LaTrice Montgomery
This study examines the psychosocial determinants of marijuana use among youth. A total of 7,488 African American middle and high school students from 133 metropolitan private and public schools completed a survey assessing psychosocial factors associated with annual marijuana use. The PRIDE survey, a nationally recognized survey on substance use, was used to assess the frequency of marijuana use and the influence of psychosocial factors on marijuana use among African American students. Results indicated that 18...
December 7, 2015: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26643132/-i-just-use-it-for-weed-the-modification-of-little-cigars-and-cigarillos-by-young-adult-african-american-male-users
#12
Sarah J Koopman Gonzalez, Leslie E Cofie, Erika S Trapl
Little cigar and cigarillo (LCC) use has received increased attention, but research on their modification is limited. Qualitative interviews with 17 young adult African American male LCC users investigated tobacco use behaviors and patterns, including LCC modification. The modification of LCCs for use as blunts emerged as a very prominent aspect of LCC users' tobacco use. Four subthemes regarding marijuana and blunt use are explored in this article, including participants' explanations of how blunts are made and used, concurrent use of marijuana and tobacco, perceptions and reasons for smoking marijuana and blunts, and perceptions of the risks of blunt use...
December 7, 2015: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26584423/school-level-correlates-of-adolescent-tobacco-alcohol-and-marijuana-use
#13
Danielle Hill, Sylvie Mrug
BACKGROUND: School-level characteristics are related to students' substance use, but little research systematically examined multiple school characteristics in relation to different types of substance use across grade levels. OBJECTIVES: This study examines multiple school-level characteristics as correlates of students' tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, and combined substance use across three grade levels. METHODS: Students (N = 23,615) from 42 urban and suburban middle schools and 24 high schools in the U...
2015: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26176810/social-network-and-census-tract-level-influences-on-substance-use-among-emerging-adult-males-an-activity-spaces-approach
#14
Crystal Gibson, Lauren Perley, Jonathan Bailey, Russell Barbour, Trace Kershaw
Social network and area level characteristics have been linked to substance use. We used snowball sampling to recruit 90 predominantly African American emerging adult men who provided typical locations visited (n=510). We used generalized estimating equations to examine social network and area level predictors of substance use. Lower social network quality was associated with days of marijuana use (B=-0.0037, p<0.0001) and problem alcohol use (B=-0.0050, p=0.0181). The influence of area characteristics on substance use differed between risky and non-risky spaces...
September 2015: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26175458/the-most-natural-tobacco-used-a-qualitative-investigation-of-young-adult-smokers-risk-perceptions-of-flavored-little-cigars-and-cigarillos
#15
Kymberle L Sterling, Craig S Fryer, Pebbles Fagan
INTRODUCTION: Flavored little cigar and cigarillo (LCC) smoking prevalence rate is increasing among young adults; little is known about their comprehension of its risks. To inform tobacco control regulatory policy and prevention methods, we explored young adult smokers' risk perceptions of flavored LCC products and its use. METHODS: Purposive samples (n = 90) of African American, Hispanic, and white young adults who self-identified as dual (smoked ≥ 1 LCC and cigarette in past 30 days) and cigarette-only (≥1 cigarette in past 30 days) smokers participated in 12 audiotaped focus groups and a semi-structured interview conducted in the Southeastern United States...
May 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26036994/transitions-in-current-substance-use-from-adolescence-to-early-adulthood
#16
Ritesh Mistry, Justin E Heinze, David Cordova, Hsing-Fang Heish, Jason E Goldstick, Sophie M Ayer, Marc A Zimmerman
Substance use behaviors do not occur in isolation of one another and are not static over time. As adolescents age into early adulthood, there may be dynamic changes in their substance use behaviors, and these changes may be influenced by family and school factors. The current study uses Latent Transition Analysis to examine these changes by measuring transitions among different substance use profiles based on past 30-day alcohol, tobacco and marijuana use, and by estimating associations with demographic, family and school factors...
October 2015: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26030166/which-matters-most-demographic-neuropsychological-personality-and-situational-factors-in-long-term-marijuana-and-alcohol-trajectories-for-justice-involved-male-youth
#17
Sarah W Feldstein Ewing, Francesca M Filbey, Thomas A Loughran, Laurie Chassin, Alex R Piquero
Justice-involved youth have high rates of alcohol and marijuana use. However, little is known about what may drive these rates over time. Using a large-scale (N = 1,056; 41.4% African American, 33.5% Hispanic) longitudinal study with strong retention (M retention = 90% over Years 1-7), we utilized random-effects regression to determine the comparative contribution of four sets of factors in justice-involved males' patterns of marijuana and heavy alcohol use (number of times drunk) over 7 years of follow-up: demographic, personality, situational, and neuropsychological factors...
September 2015: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25931630/food-insecurity-and-health-data-from-the-veterans-aging-cohort-study
#18
Emily A Wang, Kathleen A McGinnis, Joseph Goulet, Kendall Bryant, Cynthia Gibert, David A Leaf, Kristin Mattocks, Lynn E Fiellin, Nicholas Vogenthaler, Amy C Justice, David A Fiellin
OBJECTIVE: Food insecurity may be a modifiable and independent risk factor for worse control of medical conditions, but it has not been explored among veterans. We determined the prevalence of, and factors independently associated with, food insecurity among veterans in the Veterans Aging Cohort Study (VACS). METHODS: Using data from VACS from 2002-2008, we determined the prevalence of food insecurity among veterans who have accessed health care in the Veterans Health Administration (VA) as defined by "concern about having enough food for you or your family in the past month...
May 2015: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25900150/is-the-association-between-neighborhood-drug-prevalence-and-marijuana-use-independent-of-peer-drug-and-alcohol-norms-results-from-a-household-survey-of-urban-youth
#19
Kathryn M Leifheit, Jenita Parekh, Pamela A Matson, Lawrence H Moulton, Jonathan M Ellen, Jacky M Jennings
To inform policy debates surrounding marijuana decriminalization and add to our understanding of social and structural influences on youth drug use, we sought to determine whether there was an independent association between neighborhood drug prevalence and individual-level marijuana use after controlling for peer drug and alcohol norms. We analyzed cross-sectional data from a household survey of 563 youth aged 15-24 in Baltimore, Maryland. The study population was 88 % African-American. Using gender-stratified, weighted, multilevel logistic regression, we tested whether neighborhood drug prevalence was associated with individual-level marijuana use after controlling for peer drug and alcohol norms...
August 2015: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25797949/dating-violence-and-substance-use-as-longitudinal-predictors-of-adolescents-risky-sexual-behavior
#20
Ryan C Shorey, Paula J Fite, HyeJeong Choi, Joseph R Cohen, Gregory L Stuart, Jeff R Temple
The objectives of this study is to examine dating violence perpetration and victimization (physical, psychological, and sexual) and lifetime substance use (alcohol, marijuana, and hard drugs) as longitudinal predictors of adolescents' risky sexual behavior across 1 year and to determine whether predictors varied across adolescents' gender and ethnicity. A sample of Caucasian, African American, and Hispanic male and female adolescents from seven public high schools in Texas (N = 882) participated. Adolescents completed self-report measures of dating violence, lifetime substance use, and risky sexual behavior at baseline and, 1-year later, completed a second assessment of their risky sexual behavior...
August 2015: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
keyword
keyword
74588
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"