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African American males and marijuana

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910232/characterizing-blunt-use-among-twitter-users-racial-ethnic-differences-in-use-patterns-and-characteristics
#1
LaTrice Montgomery, Kamonta Heidelburg, Cendrine Robinson
BACKGROUND: Young adult Twitter users are exposed to and often participate in tweets that promote risky behaviors, such as blunt use. Blunts are hollowed out cigars or cigarillos that are filled with marijuana. OBJECTIVES: The current study was designed to determine the use patterns and characteristics of African American, Hispanic and White young adult Twitter users who reported past month blunt use. METHODS: Young adults (N = 753, 74% male) who reported past month blunt use were recruited via Twitter to participate in a brief anonymous online survey about their blunt use...
September 14, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857637/perceived-peer-behavior-and-parental-support-as-correlates-of-marijuana-use-the-role-of-age-and-gender
#2
Jason E Goldstick, Justin Heinze, Quyen Ngo, Hsing-Fang Hsieh, Maureen A Walton, Rebecca M Cunningham, Marc A Zimmerman
INTRODUCTION: Parental support and perceptions of peer behavior on substance use are well-studied, but precisely how their associations vary as a function of age, and how those age-specific patterns vary by gender, remain unknown components of the developmental process underlying substance use. METHODS: Using data from an 18-year longitudinal study of predominantly African-American students at high-risk for high school dropout in Flint, Michigan (baseline average age = 14...
August 31, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756102/trends-in-typologies-of-concurrent-alcohol-marijuana-and-cigarette-use-among-us-adolescents-an-ecological-examination-by-sex-and-race-ethnicity
#3
Devin E Banks, Alia T Rowe, Philani Mpofu, Tamika C B Zapolski
Substance use during adolescence is a public health concern due to associated physical and behavioral health consequences. Such consequences are amplified among concurrent substance users. Although sex and racial/ethnic differences in single-substance use have been observed, the current literature is inconclusive as to whether differences exist in the prevalence of concurrent use. The current study used data from the 2011-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health to examine typologies (single and concurrent patterns) of alcohol, marijuana, and cigarette use among current adolescent users age 12-18 by sex and race/ethnicity...
October 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544995/intrauterine-exposure-to-tobacco-and-executive-functioning-in-high-school
#4
Ruth Rose-Jacobs, Mark A Richardson, Kathryn Buchanan-Howland, Clara A Chen, Howard Cabral, Timothy C Heeren, Jane Liebschutz, Leah Forman, Deborah A Frank
BACKGROUND: Executive functioning (EF), an umbrella construct encompassing gradual maturation of cognitive organization/management processes, is important to success in multiple settings including high school. Intrauterine tobacco exposure (IUTE) correlates with negative cognitive/behavioral outcomes, but little is known about its association with adolescent EF and information from real-life contexts is sparse. We evaluated the impact of IUTE on teacher-reported observations of EF in urban high school students controlling for covariates including other intrauterine and adolescent substance exposures...
July 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513200/hiv-infected-individuals-who-use-alcohol-and-other-drugs-and-virologic-suppression
#5
Seonaid Nolan, Alexander Y Walley, Timothy C Heeren, Gregory J Patts, Alicia S Ventura, Meg M Sullivan, Jeffrey H Samet, Richard Saitz
People living with HIV (PLWH) on antiretroviral therapy (ART) who use substances were examined to (a) describe those with virologic control and (b) determine which substance use-factors are associated with lack of virologic control. Participants were adult PLWH taking ART with either past 12-month DSM-IV substance dependence or past 30-day alcohol or illicit drug use. Substance use factors included number of DSM-IV alcohol or drug dependence criteria and past 30-day specific substance use. Associations with HIV viral load (HVL) (<200 vs...
September 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370717/e-cigarette-use-of-young-adults-motivations-and-associations-with-combustible-cigarette-alcohol-marijuana-and-other-illicit-drugs
#6
Jeff R Temple, Ryan C Shorey, Yu Lu, Elizabeth Torres, Gregory L Stuart, Vi D Le
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although the prevalence of e-cigarette use among adolescents and young adults has caught up to or eclipsed that of combustible cigarette use, there is relatively little known about (a) the link between e-cigarettes and other substances and (b) the reasons underlying this increase in e-cigarette use. To address this gap in knowledge, the current study examined associations between e-cigarette use and other substances and identified motives for e-cigarette use among young adults...
June 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289139/longitudinal-predictors-of-synthetic-cannabinoid-use-in-adolescents
#7
Andrew L Ninnemann, Hye Jeong Choi, Gregory L Stuart, Jeff R Temple
BACKGROUND: Synthetic cannabinoids (SCs) are a large, heterogeneous group of chemicals that are structurally similar to δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol. Many SCs are high-efficacy full agonists of the CB1 and/or CB2 cannabinoid receptors, resulting in a potent group of chemicals with a variety of negative health effects, including death. SCs are available to adolescents at convenience stores and smoke shops and on the Internet. However, little is known about the risk factors that contribute to eventual use of SCs in adolescents, and no research has examined the psychiatric, personality, and substance-use risk factors that prospectively predict SC use...
April 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556872/the-relationship-between-hope-and-adolescent-likelihood-to-endorse-substance-use-behaviors-in-a-sample-of-marginalized-youth
#8
Merrian J Brooks, Michael P Marshal, Heather L McCauley, Antoine Douaihy, Elizabeth Miller
BACKGROUND: Hopefulness has been associated with increased treatment retention and reduced substance abuse among adults, and may be a promising modifiable factor to leverage in substance abuse treatment settings. Few studies have assessed the relationship between hopefulness and substance use in adolescents, particularly those with high-risk backgrounds. OBJECTIVE: We explored whether high hope is associated with less likelihood for engaging in a variety of substance use behaviors in a sample of marginalized adolescents...
November 9, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27263091/early-marijuana-initiation-the-link-between-prenatal-marijuana-exposure-early-childhood-behavior-and-negative-adult-roles
#9
Lidush Goldschmidt, Gale A Richardson, Cynthia Larkby, Nancy L Day
We investigated the associations among gestational factors including prenatal marijuana exposure (PME), child behavior at age 3, early age of onset of marijuana use (EAOM, <15years), and adult roles at 22years. Participants were drawn from the Maternal Health Practices and Child Development (MHPCD) Project, a longitudinal study of prenatal substance exposure in offspring who have been studied for over 22years since the prenatal phase. Data from the prenatal, birth, 3-, and 22-year phases (N=608) were used in the present study...
November 2016: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27248776/reasons-for-energy-drink-use-and-reported-adverse-effects-among-adolescent-emergency-department-patients
#10
Sean Patrick Nordt, Ilene Claudius, Cyrus Rangan, Erick Armijo, Peter Milano, Sheryl Yanger, Christian Tomaszsewski
OBJECTIVES: There is concern of energy drink use by adolescents. The objective of this study was to evaluate the energy drink consumption use, frequency, age of first use, reasons for use, influences of choice of brand, and adverse events recorded in a predominant Latino adolescent population. METHODS: Subjects between the ages of 13 and 19 years utilizing emergency department services for any reason at a large county hospital answered a questionnaire about energy drink usage...
February 10, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27066517/sexual-risk-behavior-among-male-and-female-truant-youths-exploratory-multi-group-latent-class-analysis
#11
Richard Dembo, Jennifer Wareham, Julie Krupa, Ken C Winters
Little is known of sexual risk behaviors among truant youths across gender. This study utilized latent class analysis to examined heterogeneity of sexual risk behaviors across gender among a sample of 300 truant adolescents. Results revealed two latent subgroups within gender: low vs. high sexual risk behaviors. There were gender differences in baseline covariates of sexual risk behaviors, with male truants in higher risk group experiencing ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) problems, and female truants in higher risk group experienced marijuana use and depression symptoms...
December 1, 2015: Journal of Alcoholism and Drug Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26985602/health-disparities-in-drug-and-alcohol-use-disorders-a-12-year-longitudinal-study-of-youths-after-detention
#12
Leah J Welty, Anna J Harrison, Karen M Abram, Nichole D Olson, David A Aaby, Kathleen P McCoy, Jason J Washburn, Linda A Teplin
OBJECTIVES: To examine sex and racial/ethnic differences in the prevalence of 9 substance-use disorders (SUDs)--alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, hallucinogen or PCP, opiate, amphetamine, inhalant, sedative, and unspecified drug--in youths during the 12 years after detention. METHODS: We used data from the Northwestern Juvenile Project, a prospective longitudinal study of 1829 youths randomly sampled from detention in Chicago, Illinois, starting in 1995 and reinterviewed up to 9 times in the community or correctional facilities through 2011...
May 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26874461/recreational-marijuana-use-and-acute-ischemic-stroke-a-population-based-analysis-of-hospitalized-patients-in-the-united-states
#13
Kavelin Rumalla, Adithi Y Reddy, Manoj K Mittal
BACKGROUND: Recreational marijuana use is considered to have few adverse effects. However, recent evidence has suggested that it precipitates cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events. Here, we investigated the relationship between marijuana use and hospitalization for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) using data from the largest inpatient database in the United States. METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample was queried from 2004 to 2011 for all patients (age 15-54) with a primary diagnosis of AIS...
May 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26643414/psychosocial-determinants-of-marijuana-use-among-african-american-youth
#14
Rebecca A Vidourek, Keith A King, LaTrice Montgomery
This study examines the psychosocial determinants of marijuana use among youth. A total of 7,488 African American middle and high school students from 133 metropolitan private and public schools completed a survey assessing psychosocial factors associated with annual marijuana use. The PRIDE survey, a nationally recognized survey on substance use, was used to assess the frequency of marijuana use and the influence of psychosocial factors on marijuana use among African American students. Results indicated that 18...
December 7, 2015: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26643132/-i-just-use-it-for-weed-the-modification-of-little-cigars-and-cigarillos-by-young-adult-african-american-male-users
#15
Sarah J Koopman Gonzalez, Leslie E Cofie, Erika S Trapl
Little cigar and cigarillo (LCC) use has received increased attention, but research on their modification is limited. Qualitative interviews with 17 young adult African American male LCC users investigated tobacco use behaviors and patterns, including LCC modification. The modification of LCCs for use as blunts emerged as a very prominent aspect of LCC users' tobacco use. Four subthemes regarding marijuana and blunt use are explored in this article, including participants' explanations of how blunts are made and used, concurrent use of marijuana and tobacco, perceptions and reasons for smoking marijuana and blunts, and perceptions of the risks of blunt use...
December 7, 2015: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26584423/school-level-correlates-of-adolescent-tobacco-alcohol-and-marijuana-use
#16
Danielle Hill, Sylvie Mrug
BACKGROUND: School-level characteristics are related to students' substance use, but little research systematically examined multiple school characteristics in relation to different types of substance use across grade levels. OBJECTIVES: This study examines multiple school-level characteristics as correlates of students' tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, and combined substance use across three grade levels. METHODS: Students (N = 23,615) from 42 urban and suburban middle schools and 24 high schools in the U...
2015: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26176810/social-network-and-census-tract-level-influences-on-substance-use-among-emerging-adult-males-an-activity-spaces-approach
#17
Crystal Gibson, Lauren Perley, Jonathan Bailey, Russell Barbour, Trace Kershaw
Social network and area level characteristics have been linked to substance use. We used snowball sampling to recruit 90 predominantly African American emerging adult men who provided typical locations visited (n=510). We used generalized estimating equations to examine social network and area level predictors of substance use. Lower social network quality was associated with days of marijuana use (B=-0.0037, p<0.0001) and problem alcohol use (B=-0.0050, p=0.0181). The influence of area characteristics on substance use differed between risky and non-risky spaces...
September 2015: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26175458/the-most-natural-tobacco-used-a-qualitative-investigation-of-young-adult-smokers-risk-perceptions-of-flavored-little-cigars-and-cigarillos
#18
Kymberle L Sterling, Craig S Fryer, Pebbles Fagan
INTRODUCTION: Flavored little cigar and cigarillo (LCC) smoking prevalence rate is increasing among young adults; little is known about their comprehension of its risks. To inform tobacco control regulatory policy and prevention methods, we explored young adult smokers' risk perceptions of flavored LCC products and its use. METHODS: Purposive samples (n = 90) of African American, Hispanic, and white young adults who self-identified as dual (smoked ≥ 1 LCC and cigarette in past 30 days) and cigarette-only (≥1 cigarette in past 30 days) smokers participated in 12 audiotaped focus groups and a semi-structured interview conducted in the Southeastern United States...
May 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26036994/transitions-in-current-substance-use-from-adolescence-to-early-adulthood
#19
Ritesh Mistry, Justin E Heinze, David Cordova, Hsing-Fang Heish, Jason E Goldstick, Sophie M Ayer, Marc A Zimmerman
Substance use behaviors do not occur in isolation of one another and are not static over time. As adolescents age into early adulthood, there may be dynamic changes in their substance use behaviors, and these changes may be influenced by family and school factors. The current study uses Latent Transition Analysis to examine these changes by measuring transitions among different substance use profiles based on past 30-day alcohol, tobacco and marijuana use, and by estimating associations with demographic, family and school factors...
October 2015: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26030166/which-matters-most-demographic-neuropsychological-personality-and-situational-factors-in-long-term-marijuana-and-alcohol-trajectories-for-justice-involved-male-youth
#20
Sarah W Feldstein Ewing, Francesca M Filbey, Thomas A Loughran, Laurie Chassin, Alex R Piquero
Justice-involved youth have high rates of alcohol and marijuana use. However, little is known about what may drive these rates over time. Using a large-scale (N = 1,056; 41.4% African American, 33.5% Hispanic) longitudinal study with strong retention (M retention = 90% over Years 1-7), we utilized random-effects regression to determine the comparative contribution of four sets of factors in justice-involved males' patterns of marijuana and heavy alcohol use (number of times drunk) over 7 years of follow-up: demographic, personality, situational, and neuropsychological factors...
September 2015: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
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