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African American males and marijuana

Diane M Santa Maria, Sarah C Narendorf, Matthew B Cross
Substance use is higher among homeless youth than among the general population. Although substance use has been well studied, little is known about the risk factors associated with specific substances used by homeless youth, particularly in the Houston, Texas, area. Therefore, we conducted this study to examine the rates of lifetime and past-month substance use in a sample of homeless youth in Harris County, Texas, and examine the relations between substance type and race/ethnicity, age, gender identity, sexual orientation, shelter status, stress, and trauma history...
January 2018: Journal of Addictions Nursing
Chelsea E Arsenault, Sycarah Fisher, Danelle Stevens-Watkins, Jessica Barnes-Najor
BACKGROUND: African American marijuana use is associated with many negative social, emotional, and health-related consequences. Of significance, over recent years this population has shown an increase in use. In the literature, ethnic identity and school engagement are prominent protective factors against substance use. OBJECTIVE: This study will examine how these protective factors are related, specifically whether ethnic identity mitigates risk through school engagement to reduce marijuana use...
January 16, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Rupak Desai, Upenkumar Patel, Shobhit Sharma, Parth Amin, Rushikkumar Bhuva, Malav S Patel, Nitin Sharma, Manan Shah, Smit Patel, Sejal Savani, Neha Batra, Gautam Kumar
Background Marijuana is a widely used recreational substance. Few cases have been reported of acute myocardial infarction following marijuana use. To our knowledge, this is the first ever study analyzing the lifetime odds of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with marijuana use and the outcomes in AMI patients with versus without marijuana use. Methods We queried the 2010-2014 National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database for 11-70-year-old AMI patients. Pearson Chi-square test for categorical variables and Student T-test for continuous variables were used to compare the baseline demographic and hospital characteristics between two groups (without vs...
November 3, 2017: Curēus
Leah Floyd Campbell
BACKGROUND: Increasing rates of marijuana use and high rates of depression among females are major public health concerns and ambiguous study results suggest a complex association between the two. Inconsistent findings may be due to differences in sample characteristics (e.g., females vs. males) and result from differences in the relationship over time (i.e., across developmental stages). OBJECTIVES: Presently, the extent to which the relationship between depression and marijuana use differed for females in emerging adulthood, compared to young adult females, was examined...
November 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
Hye Jeong Choi, Yu Lu, Marya Schulte, Jeff R Temple
BACKGROUND: The prevention and intervention of adolescent substance use is a public health priority. Most adolescents will engage in some form of substance use, and a sizeable minority will transition to using multiple substances. An emerging body of research takes a person-centered approach to model adolescent substance use over time; however, the findings have been equivocal. Our study modeled adolescent substance use transition patterns over three years based on a comprehensive list of substances and examined gender as a moderator...
February 2018: Addictive Behaviors
LaTrice Montgomery, Kamonta Heidelburg, Cendrine Robinson
BACKGROUND: Young adult Twitter users are exposed to and often participate in tweets that promote risky behaviors, such as blunt use. Blunts are hollowed out cigars or cigarillos that are filled with marijuana. OBJECTIVES: The current study was designed to determine the use patterns and characteristics of African American, Hispanic and White young adult Twitter users who reported past month blunt use. METHODS: Young adults (N = 753, 74% male) who reported past month blunt use were recruited via Twitter to participate in a brief anonymous online survey about their blunt use...
February 23, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Jason E Goldstick, Justin Heinze, Quyen Ngo, Hsing-Fang Hsieh, Maureen A Walton, Rebecca M Cunningham, Marc A Zimmerman
INTRODUCTION: Parental support and perceptions of peer behavior on substance use are well-studied, but precisely how their associations vary as a function of age, and how those age-specific patterns vary by gender, remain unknown components of the developmental process underlying substance use. METHODS: Using data from an 18-year longitudinal study of predominantly African-American students at high-risk for high school dropout in Flint, Michigan (baseline average age = 14...
February 23, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Devin E Banks, Alia T Rowe, Philani Mpofu, Tamika C B Zapolski
Substance use during adolescence is a public health concern due to associated physical and behavioral health consequences. Such consequences are amplified among concurrent substance users. Although sex and racial/ethnic differences in single-substance use have been observed, the current literature is inconclusive as to whether differences exist in the prevalence of concurrent use. The current study used data from the 2011-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health to examine typologies (single and concurrent patterns) of alcohol, marijuana, and cigarette use among current adolescent users age 12-18 by sex and race/ethnicity...
October 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Ruth Rose-Jacobs, Mark A Richardson, Kathryn Buchanan-Howland, Clara A Chen, Howard Cabral, Timothy C Heeren, Jane Liebschutz, Leah Forman, Deborah A Frank
BACKGROUND: Executive functioning (EF), an umbrella construct encompassing gradual maturation of cognitive organization/management processes, is important to success in multiple settings including high school. Intrauterine tobacco exposure (IUTE) correlates with negative cognitive/behavioral outcomes, but little is known about its association with adolescent EF and information from real-life contexts is sparse. We evaluated the impact of IUTE on teacher-reported observations of EF in urban high school students controlling for covariates including other intrauterine and adolescent substance exposures...
July 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Seonaid Nolan, Alexander Y Walley, Timothy C Heeren, Gregory J Patts, Alicia S Ventura, Meg M Sullivan, Jeffrey H Samet, Richard Saitz
People living with HIV (PLWH) on antiretroviral therapy (ART) who use substances were examined to (a) describe those with virologic control and (b) determine which substance use-factors are associated with lack of virologic control. Participants were adult PLWH taking ART with either past 12-month DSM-IV substance dependence or past 30-day alcohol or illicit drug use. Substance use factors included number of DSM-IV alcohol or drug dependence criteria and past 30-day specific substance use. Associations with HIV viral load (HVL) (<200 vs...
September 2017: AIDS Care
Jeff R Temple, Ryan C Shorey, Yu Lu, Elizabeth Torres, Gregory L Stuart, Vi D Le
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although the prevalence of e-cigarette use among adolescents and young adults has caught up to or eclipsed that of combustible cigarette use, there is relatively little known about (a) the link between e-cigarettes and other substances and (b) the reasons underlying this increase in e-cigarette use. To address this gap in knowledge, the current study examined associations between e-cigarette use and other substances and identified motives for e-cigarette use among young adults...
June 2017: American Journal on Addictions
Andrew L Ninnemann, Hye Jeong Choi, Gregory L Stuart, Jeff R Temple
BACKGROUND: Synthetic cannabinoids (SCs) are a large, heterogeneous group of chemicals that are structurally similar to δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol. Many SCs are high-efficacy full agonists of the CB1 and/or CB2 cannabinoid receptors, resulting in a potent group of chemicals with a variety of negative health effects, including death. SCs are available to adolescents at convenience stores and smoke shops and on the Internet. However, little is known about the risk factors that contribute to eventual use of SCs in adolescents, and no research has examined the psychiatric, personality, and substance-use risk factors that prospectively predict SC use...
April 2017: Pediatrics
Merrian J Brooks, Michael P Marshal, Heather L McCauley, Antoine Douaihy, Elizabeth Miller
BACKGROUND: Hopefulness has been associated with increased treatment retention and reduced substance abuse among adults, and may be a promising modifiable factor to leverage in substance abuse treatment settings. Few studies have assessed the relationship between hopefulness and substance use in adolescents, particularly those with high-risk backgrounds. OBJECTIVE: We explored whether high hope is associated with less likelihood for engaging in a variety of substance use behaviors in a sample of marginalized adolescents...
November 9, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
Lidush Goldschmidt, Gale A Richardson, Cynthia Larkby, Nancy L Day
We investigated the associations among gestational factors including prenatal marijuana exposure (PME), child behavior at age 3, early age of onset of marijuana use (EAOM, <15years), and adult roles at 22years. Participants were drawn from the Maternal Health Practices and Child Development (MHPCD) Project, a longitudinal study of prenatal substance exposure in offspring who have been studied for over 22years since the prenatal phase. Data from the prenatal, birth, 3-, and 22-year phases (N=608) were used in the present study...
November 2016: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
Sean Patrick Nordt, Ilene Claudius, Cyrus Rangan, Erick Armijo, Peter Milano, Sheryl Yanger, Christian Tomaszsewski
OBJECTIVES: There is concern of energy drink use by adolescents. The objective of this study was to evaluate the energy drink consumption use, frequency, age of first use, reasons for use, influences of choice of brand, and adverse events recorded in a predominant Latino adolescent population. METHODS: Subjects between the ages of 13 and 19 years utilizing emergency department services for any reason at a large county hospital answered a questionnaire about energy drink usage...
December 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
Richard Dembo, Jennifer Wareham, Julie Krupa, Ken C Winters
Little is known of sexual risk behaviors among truant youths across gender. This study utilized latent class analysis to examined heterogeneity of sexual risk behaviors across gender among a sample of 300 truant adolescents. Results revealed two latent subgroups within gender: low vs. high sexual risk behaviors. There were gender differences in baseline covariates of sexual risk behaviors, with male truants in higher risk group experiencing ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) problems, and female truants in higher risk group experienced marijuana use and depression symptoms...
December 1, 2015: Journal of Alcoholism and Drug Dependence
Leah J Welty, Anna J Harrison, Karen M Abram, Nichole D Olson, David A Aaby, Kathleen P McCoy, Jason J Washburn, Linda A Teplin
OBJECTIVES: To examine sex and racial/ethnic differences in the prevalence of 9 substance-use disorders (SUDs)--alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, hallucinogen or PCP, opiate, amphetamine, inhalant, sedative, and unspecified drug--in youths during the 12 years after detention. METHODS: We used data from the Northwestern Juvenile Project, a prospective longitudinal study of 1829 youths randomly sampled from detention in Chicago, Illinois, starting in 1995 and reinterviewed up to 9 times in the community or correctional facilities through 2011...
May 2016: American Journal of Public Health
Kavelin Rumalla, Adithi Y Reddy, Manoj K Mittal
BACKGROUND: Recreational marijuana use is considered to have few adverse effects. However, recent evidence has suggested that it precipitates cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events. Here, we investigated the relationship between marijuana use and hospitalization for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) using data from the largest inpatient database in the United States. METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample was queried from 2004 to 2011 for all patients (age 15-54) with a primary diagnosis of AIS...
May 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Rebecca A Vidourek, Keith A King, LaTrice Montgomery
This study examines the psychosocial determinants of marijuana use among youth. A total of 7,488 African American middle and high school students from 133 metropolitan private and public schools completed a survey assessing psychosocial factors associated with annual marijuana use. The PRIDE survey, a nationally recognized survey on substance use, was used to assess the frequency of marijuana use and the influence of psychosocial factors on marijuana use among African American students. Results indicated that 18...
January 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Sarah J Koopman Gonzalez, Leslie E Cofie, Erika S Trapl
Little cigar and cigarillo (LCC) use has received increased attention, but research on their modification is limited. Qualitative interviews with 17 young adult African American male LCC users investigated tobacco use behaviors and patterns, including LCC modification. The modification of LCCs for use as blunts emerged as a very prominent aspect of LCC users' tobacco use. Four subthemes regarding marijuana and blunt use are explored in this article, including participants' explanations of how blunts are made and used, concurrent use of marijuana and tobacco, perceptions and reasons for smoking marijuana and blunts, and perceptions of the risks of blunt use...
January 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
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