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Motor Control exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147661/an-eeg-tool-for-monitoring-patient-engagement-during-stroke-rehabilitation-a-feasibility-study
#1
Gadi Bartur, Katherin Joubran, Sara Peleg-Shani, Jean-Jacques Vatine, Goded Shahaf
Objective: Patient engagement is of major significance in neural rehabilitation. We developed a real-time EEG marker for attention, the Brain Engagement Index (BEI). In this work we investigate the relation between the BEI and temporary functional change during a rehabilitation session. Methods: First part: 13 unimpaired controls underwent BEI monitoring during motor exercise of varying levels of difficulty. Second part: 18 subacute stroke patients underwent standard motor rehabilitation with and without use of real-time BEI feedback regarding their level of engagement...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138049/pain-neurophysiology-education-and-therapeutic-exercise-for-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Bodes Pardo Gema, Lluch Girbés Enrique, Roussel Nathalie A, Gallego Izquierdo Tomás, Jiménez Penick Virginia, Pecos Martín Daniel
AIM: To assess the effect of a pain neurophysiology education program plus therapeutic exercise for patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). DESIGN: Single-blind randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Private clinic (Clínica Bonn) and Alcalá de Henares University, Madrid, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: 56 patients with CLBP for 6 months or more. INTERVENTION: Participants were randomized to receive either a therapeutic exercise (TE) program consisting of motor control, stretching, and aerobic exercises (TE group, n=28) or the same therapeutic exercise program in addition to a pain neurophysiology education program (PNE+TE group, n=28), conducted in two 30 to 50 minute sessions in groups of 4 to 6 participants...
November 11, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133185/squatting-re-education-with-lumbo-pelvic-thigh-muscles-cocontraction-improves-functional-performance-in-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome-a-case-report
#3
Nagarajan Manickaraj
Anterior knee pain with or without joint crepitus during squatting is the common clinical feature in the individuals with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). Altered lower extremity alignment and lumbo-pelvic-thigh muscles motor control is often associated with PFPS. Although current interventions recommend individual muscle activation and strength training exercises, the reported benefits of cocontraction based exercises in PFPS is limited. It might be due to the long standing hypothesis that the exercise induced cocontraction of thigh muscles may induce a negative effect by increasing the joint contact forces in individuals with knee osteoarthritis...
November 10, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132250/the-influence-of-pilates-exercises-on-body-balance-in-the-standing-position-of-hearing-impaired-people
#4
Jagoda Walowska, Bartosz Bolach, Eugeniusz Bolach
PURPOSE: Hearing impairment may affect the body posture maintenance. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of modified Pilates exercise program on the body posture maintenance in hearing impaired people. METHODS: Eighty students (aged 13-24) were enrolled and randomly allocated into two groups: test group (n = 41) which attended an original program based on modified Pilates exercises and control group (n = 39) which attended standard physical education classes...
November 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130977/effects-of-wearable-sensor-based-balance-and-gait-training-on-balance-gait-and-functional-performance-in-healthy-and-patient-populations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
Katharina Gordt, Thomas Gerhardy, Bijan Najafi, Michael Schwenk
BACKGROUND: Wearable sensors (WS) can accurately measure body motion and provide interactive feedback for supporting motor learning. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to summarize current evidence for the effectiveness of WS training for improving balance, gait and functional performance. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in PubMed, Cochrane, Web of Science, and CINAHL. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) using a WS exercise program were included...
November 1, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124664/downhill-exercise-alters-immunoproteasome-content-in-mouse-skeletal-muscle
#6
Cory W Baumann, Dongmin Kwak, Deborah A Ferrington, LaDora V Thompson
Content of the immunoproteasome, the inducible form of the standard proteasome, increases in atrophic muscle suggesting it may be associated with skeletal muscle remodeling. However, it remains unknown if the immunoproteasome responds to stressful situations that do not promote large perturbations in skeletal muscle proteolysis. The purpose of this study was to determine how an acute bout of muscular stress influences immunoproteasome content. To accomplish this, wild-type (WT) and immunoproteasome knockout lmp7 (-/-) /mecl1 (-/-) (L7M1) mice were run downhill on a motorized treadmill...
November 9, 2017: Cell Stress & Chaperones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122267/effects-of-traditional-chinese-exercises-on-the-rehabilitation-of-limb-function-among-stroke-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Li Ge, Qing-Xiang Zheng, Yan-Tan Liao, Jing-Yu Tan, Qiu-Lin Xie, Mikael Rask
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review literature about the rehabilitative effects of traditional Chinese exercises (TCEs) on limb function among patients with stroke. METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Twelve electronic databases were searched from their inceptions to February 2017, including PudMed, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, EMBase, Science Direct, PsycINFO, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Allied and Complementary Medicine, Chinese Scientific Journal Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database and WanFang Data...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114564/the-effect-of-pretest-exercise-on-baseline-computerized-neurocognitive-test-scores
#8
Alec Pawlukiewicz, Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Gary Solomon
Background: Baseline neurocognitive assessment plays a critical role in return-to-play decision making following sport-related concussions. Prior studies have assessed the effect of a variety of modifying factors on neurocognitive baseline test scores. However, relatively little investigation has been conducted regarding the effect of pretest exercise on baseline testing. Purpose/Hypothesis: The aim of our investigation was to determine the effect of pretest exercise on baseline Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) scores in adolescent and young adult athletes...
October 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113572/effects-of-an-individual-12-week-community-located-start-to-run-program-on-physical-capacity-walking-fatigue-cognitive-function-brain-volumes-and-structures-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#9
Peter Feys, Lousin Moumdjian, Florian Van Halewyck, Inez Wens, Bert O Eijnde, Bart Van Wijmeersch, Veronica Popescu, Paul Van Asch
BACKGROUND: Exercise therapy studies in persons with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) primarily focused on motor outcomes in mid disease stage, while cognitive function and neural correlates were only limitedly addressed. OBJECTIVES: This pragmatic randomized controlled study investigated the effects of a remotely supervised community-located "start-to-run" program on physical and cognitive function, fatigue, quality of life, brain volume, and connectivity. METHOD: In all, 42 pwMS were randomized to either experimental (EXP) or waiting list control (WLC) group...
November 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105605/the-feasibility-of-an-acute-high-intensity-exercise-bout-to-promote-locomotor-learning-after-stroke
#10
Charalambos C Charalambous, Erin E Helm, Kristin A Lau, Susanne M Morton, Darcy S Reisman
BACKGROUND: People post-stroke can learn a novel locomotor task but require more practice to do so. Implementing an approach that can enhance locomotor learning may therefore improve post-stroke locomotor recovery. In healthy adults, an acute high-intensity exercise bout before or after a motor task may improve motor learning and has thus been suggested as a method that could be used to improve motor learning in neurorehabilitation. However, it is unclear whether an acute high-intensity exercise bout, which stroke survivors can feasibly complete in neurorehabilitation session, would generate comparable results...
November 5, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105516/does-a-cycling-program-combined-with-education-and-followed-by-coaching-promote-physical-activity-in-subacute-stroke-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Christel Vanroy, Yves Vanlandewijck, Patrick Cras, Steven Truijen, Dirk Vissers, Anke Swinnen, Matthieu Bosmans, Kristien Wouters, Hilde Feys
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effects of a three month active cycling program followed by coaching on physical activity in subacute stroke patients. METHODS: Patients (n = 59; mean age =65.4 ± 10.3) aged ≤80 years with first stroke and able to cycle at 50 revolutions/minute enrolled 3-10 weeks post stroke. Patients were randomly allocated to three month active cycling group (n = 33) or to a control group (n = 26), 3 x 30 minutes training/week...
November 5, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102966/effects-of-scalp-electroacupuncture-on-the-pi3k-akt-signalling-pathway-and-apoptosis-of-hippocampal-neurons-in-a-rat-model-of-cerebral-palsy
#12
Hanhong Zhang, Jing Gao, Mengmeng Wang, Xuefeng Yu, Xiuhua Lv, Huan Deng, Xiangwei Fan, Kaiyun Chen
Background Substantial evidence from clinical reports has established that most cerebral palsy (CP) patients benefit from a comprehensive rehabilitation exercise training programme. Such advances are enhanced when scalp electroacupuncture (EA), applied at a location corresponding to the projection of the motor area, is combined with rehabilitation exercise training. However, little information exists regarding the mechanistic basis for these effects.Objective To examine whether EA stimulation within the scalp projection location of the motor area can inhibit apoptosis of hippocampal neurons by regulating the PI3k/Akt signalling pathway in a rat model of CP...
November 4, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101820/extending-the-limits-of-force-endurance-stimulation-of-the-motor-or-the-frontal-cortex
#13
Rémi Radel, Gavin Tempest, Gauthier Denis, Pierre Besson, Raphael Zory
Previous findings indicate that facilitation of primary motor cortex (PMC) activity using trans-cranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) could improve resistance to physical fatigue. However, studies have failed to consistently replicate these results. Using non-focal-tDCS during a fatiguing task, recent work showed no enhancement of corticospinal excitability of the PMC despite a longer endurance time and suggested that contamination in other brain regions involved in motor command may have occurred. In accordance with recent evidence supporting the role of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) in exercise maintenance, this double-blind sham-controlled crossover study (N = 22) compared the effect of high definition (HD)-tDCS of the PMC or the PFC on endurance time of a sustained contraction task of the elbow flexor...
October 9, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096672/the-effects-of-yoga-versus-stretching-and-resistance-training-exercises-on-psychological-distress-for-people-with-mild-to-moderate-parkinson-s-disease-study-prxotocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
JoJo Yan Yan Kwok, Jackie Cheuk Yin Kwan, Man Auyeung, Vincent Chung Tong Mok, Helen Yue Lai Chan
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress is prevalent among people with Parkinson's disease (PD) and aggravates their motor symptoms, thereby leading to increased disability, high healthcare costs, and poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The under-recognition and adverse effects of the pharmacological management of anxiety and depression among the PD population are considerable. Thus, adopting a Complementary and Alternative Management (CAM) approach to address this problem is important...
November 2, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091740/comparison-between-pre-exercise-casein-peptide-and-intact-casein-supplementation-on-glucose-tolerance-in-high-fat-diet-fed-mice
#15
Yutaka Matsunaga, Yuki Tamura, Yasuyuki Sakata, Yudai Nonaka, Noriko Saito, Hirohiko Nakamura, Takashi Shimizu, Yasuhiro Takeda, Shin Terada, Hideo Hatta
We hypothesized that along with exercise, casein peptide supplementation would have a higher impact on improving glucose tolerance than intact casein. Male six-week-old ICR mice were provided a high-fat diet to induce obesity and glucose intolerance. The mice were randomly divided into four treatment groups: control (Con), endurance training (Tr), endurance training with intact casein supplementation (Cas+Tr), and endurance training with casein peptide supplementation (CP+Tr). The mice in each group were orally administrated water, intact casein, or casein peptide (1...
November 1, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081259/brain-activation-associated-with-eccentric-movement-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#16
Stéphane Perrey
The movement occurring when a muscle exerts tension while lengthening is known as eccentric muscle action. Literature contains limited evidence on how our brain controls eccentric movement. However, how the cortical regions in the motor network are activated during eccentric muscle actions may be critical for understanding the underlying control mechanism of eccentric movements encountered in daily tasks. This is a novel topic that has only recently begun to be investigated through advancements in neuroimaging methods (electroencephalography, EEG; functional magnetic resonance imaging, fMRI)...
October 29, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080466/improved-compensatory-postural-adjustments-of-the-deep-abdominals-following-exercise-in-people-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#17
Michael F Knox, Lucy S Chipchase, Siobhan M Schabrun, Paul W M Marshall
The purpose of this study was to determine if 8 weeks of exercise affects motor control in people with chronic low back pain (CLBP), measured by anticipatory (APAs) and compensatory postural adjustments (CPAs). APAs and CPAs were measured prior to and following 8 weeks in two groups of people with CLBP: an exercise group (n=12) who attended three exercise sessions per week for 8 weeks; and a non-exercise control group (n=12) who were advised to continue their usual activities for the duration of the study. APAs and CPAs were recorded during unilateral arm flexion, bilaterally from rectus abdominis (RA), transverse abdominis/internal oblique (TA/IO), and erector spinae (ES) via surface electromyography...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072092/can-rehabilitation-improve-the-health-and-well-being-in-friedreich-s-ataxia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Sarah C Milne, Louise A Corben, Melissa Roberts, Anna Murphy, Geneieve Tai, Nellie Georgiou-Karistianis, Eppie M Yiu, Martin B Delatycki
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of a six-week rehabilitation programme followed by a home exercise programme for Friedreich's ataxia. DESIGN: Randomized, delayed-start control single-blind trial. SETTING: Outpatient rehabilitation centre. SUBJECTS: Ambulant or non-ambulant individuals with Friedreich's ataxia. INTERVENTION: Participants were randomized to a six-week outpatient rehabilitation programme, immediately (intervention group) or after a six-week delayed-start (control group)...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065622/effects-of-two-fatigue-protocols-on-impact-forces-and-lower-extremity-kinematics-during-drop-landings-implications-for-noncontact-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#19
Rui Xia, Xini Zhang, Xi Wang, Xiaole Sun, Weijie Fu
The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of fatigue on the impact forces and sagittal plane kinematics of the lower extremities in a drop landing task. 15 male collegiate athletes were recruited. Five successful trials of a drop landing task were obtained during prefatigue and postfatigue in two fatigue protocols (constant speed running fatigue protocol [R-FP] and shuttle running + vertical jumping fatigue protocol [SV-FP]). Duration time, maximal heart rate, and RPE of each protocol were measured separately...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060407/influence-of-pre-processing-in-the-extraction-of-muscle-synergies-during-human-locomotion
#20
D Rimini, V Agostini, S Rosati, C Castagneri, G Balestra, M Knaflitz
The extraction of muscle synergies in human locomotion may be biased by the kind of pre-processing applied to electromyographic (EMG) data. The aim of this contribution is to analyze the differences in the muscle synergies extracted using a standard pre-processing procedure and a new procedure. The new procedure is based on the selection of the muscle's principal activations (necessary actuations of the muscle to accomplish its specific biomechanical task during gait), discarding secondary activations (with an auxiliary function in motor control)...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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