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Motor Control exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533607/a-neurocognitive-approach-for-recovering-upper-extremity-movement-following-subacute-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#1
Laia Sallés, Patricia Martín-Casas, Xavier Gironès, María José Durà, José Vicente Lafuente, Carlo Perfetti
[Purpose] This study aims to describe a protocol based on neurocognitive therapeutic exercises and determine its feasibility and usefulness for upper extremity functionality when compared with a conventional protocol. [Subjects and Methods] Eight subacute stroke patients were randomly assigned to a conventional (control group) or neurocognitive (experimental group) treatment protocol. Both lasted 30 minutes, 3 times a week for 10 weeks and assessments were blinded. Outcome measures included: Motor Evaluation Scale for Upper Extremity in Stroke Patients, Motricity Index, Revised Nottingham Sensory Assessment and Kinesthetic and Visual Imagery Questionnaire...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532169/impact-of-metoprolol-treatment-on-cardiac-function-and-exercise-tolerance-in-heart-failure-patients-with-neuropsychiatric-disorders
#2
Jingjing Huang, Ran Zhang, Xuelu Liu, Yong Meng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of neuropsychiatric disorders on the effect of metoprolol on cardiac and motor function in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients. METHODS: From February 2013 to April 2016, CHF patients with clinical mental disorders, received metoprolol (23.75 or 47.5 mg, once daily, p.o) at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University. Mental status was confirmed by means of hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS) and Copenhagen burnout inventory (CBI) scale...
May 22, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528435/benefits-of-a-regular-vs-irregular-rhythm-based-training-programme-on-physical-fitness-and-motor-skills-in-obese-girls
#3
Ghazi Racil, Wassim Elmontassar, Imen Rommene, Claire Tourny, Anis Chaouachi, Jeremy B Coquart
PURPOSE: The aim of the current study was to examine the impact of a physical exercise programme including rhythmic elements (regular and irregular tempos) on physiological variables, motor skills (MS), and jump performances in obese girls. METHODS: Thirty-six obese girls (age: 10.4 ± 0.9 years, body mass: 58.7 ± 4.0 kg, height: 1.37 ± 0.04 m, body mass index: 31.2 ± 2.1) participated in three weekly physical exercise sessions for 6 weeks, with each session consisting of basic fundamental locomotor movements...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526673/the-effectiveness-of-a-computer-game-based-rehabilitation-platform-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-protocol-for-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Anuprita Kanitkar, Tony Szturm, Sanjay Parmar, Dorcas Bc Gandhi, Gina Ruth Rempel, Gayle Restall, Monika Sharma, Amitesh Narayan, Jeyaraj Pandian, Nilashri Naik, Ravi R Savadatti, Mahesh Appasaheb Kamate
BACKGROUND: It is difficult to engage young children with cerebral palsy (CP) in repetitive, tedious therapy. As such, there is a need for innovative approaches and tools to motivate these children. We developed the low-cost, computer game-based rehabilitation platform CGR that combines fine manipulation and gross movement exercises with attention and planning game activities appropriate for young children with CP. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to provide evidence of the therapeutic value of CGR to improve upper extremity (UE) motor function for children with CP...
May 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513268/effects-of-volume-training-on-strength-and-endurance-of-back-muscles-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Leonardo Shigaki, Cynthia Gobbi Alves Araújo, Mariane Guizeline Calderon, Thais Karoline Cezar Costa, Andreo Fernando Aguiar, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa, Rubens A da Silva
CONTEXT: Strength/resistance training volume has historically been supported in the American College of Sports Medicine recommendations. However, for the back muscles, exercise prescription related to the number of sets, such as single vs. multiple, is not well established in the literature. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of two training volumes on strength and endurance of back extensor muscles in untrained young participants, with regard to a repeated measures design...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505961/effects-of-dual-task-conditions-on-cervical-spine-movement-variability
#6
Daniel Niederer, Lutz Vogt, Johanna Vogel, Winfried Banzer
BACKGROUND: The potential to accurately perform cervical movements during more challenging tasks might be of importance to prevent dysfunctional motion characteristics. Although sensorimotor function during dual-task conditions are of increasing interest in biomedical and rehabilitation research, effects of such conditions on movement consistency of the neck have not yet been investigated. OBJECTIVE: In this crossover MiSpEx(Medicine in Spine Exercise)-diagnostic study, we aimed to explore differences between single and dual-task conditions on cervical movement variability...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505208/neuromuscular-function-of-the-quadriceps-muscle-during-isometric-maximal-submaximal-and-submaximal-fatiguing-voluntary-contractions-in-knee-osteoarthrosis-patients
#7
Anett Mau-Moeller, Robert Jacksteit, Mario Jackszis, Frank Feldhege, Matthias Weippert, Wolfram Mittelmeier, Rainer Bader, Ralf Skripitz, Martin Behrens
INTRODUCTION: Knee osteoarthrosis (KOA) is commonly associated with a dysfunction of the quadriceps muscle which contributes to alterations in motor performance. The underlying neuromuscular mechanisms of muscle dysfunction are not fully understood. The main objective of this study was to analyze how KOA affects neuromuscular function of the quadriceps muscle during different contraction intensities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The following parameters were assessed in 20 patients and 20 healthy controls: (i) joint position sense, i...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504068/psychometric-properties-of-the-deep-muscle-contraction-scale-for-assessment-of-the-drawing-in-maneuver-in-patients-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain
#8
Crystian B Oliveira, Ruben F Negrão Filho, Márcia R Franco, Priscila K Morelhão, Amanda C Araujo, Rafael Z Pinto
Study Design A prospective cohort study. Background Motor control dysfunctions have been commonly reported in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain (LBP). Physiotherapists need clinical tools with adequate psychometric properties to assess such patients in clinical practice. The deep muscle contraction (DMC) scale is a clinical rating scale for assessing patients' ability to voluntarily contract deep abdominal muscles. Objectives To investigate the intra-rater reliability, floor and ceiling effects, internal and external responsiveness and correlation analysis (with ultrasound measures) of the DMC scale in patients with chronic non-specific LBP undergoing a lumbar stabilization exercise program...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488827/water-versus-land-based-exercises-as-physical-training-programs-in-elderly
#9
Elvira Padua, Francesca Campoli, Vincenzo Manzi, Michele Panzarino, Mauro Lombardo, Giovanni Melchiorri, Virginia Tancredi, Pietro Lebone, Francesco Palazzo, Giuseppe Annino
BACKGROUND: The study aims to analyze and quantify the improvements of some physical skills in a group of subjects over 65 years old who practice regular activities in the gym and in a microgravity environment. METHODS: 132 subjects (68.9 ± 5.5 yrs, 72.7 ± 14.4 kg, 155.3 ± 9.2, 30.6 ± 5 kg/m2) who perform regular physical activity adapted and controlled for the elderly twice a week (50' per session) for a period of 8 months. The tests evaluate flexibility, abdominal and leg strength and balance...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487967/comparative-analysis-of-the-beneficial-effects-of-treadmill-training-and-electroacupuncture-in-a-rat-model-of-neonatal-hypoxia-ischemia
#10
Ha Neui Kim, Malk Eun Pak, Myung Jun Shin, Soo Yeon Kim, Yong Beom Shin, Young Ju Yun, Hwa Kyoung Shin, Byung Tae Choi
In the present study, we investigated whether treadmill training and electroacupuncture (EA) have autonomous or synergistic beneficial effects on deficits caused by neonatal hypoxia‑ischemia in Sprague-Dawley rats. For this purpose, rats subjected to hypoxia-ischemia underwent treadmill training and EA stimulation from 4 to 8 weeks of age. Conventional EA (CEA) and scalp EA (SEA) were delivered by electrical stimulation (2 Hz, 1 mA) at traditional acupoints and at the scalp to the primary motor area, respectively...
June 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485643/effects-of-line-dancing-on-physical-function-and-perceived-limitation-in-older-adults-with-self-reported-mobility-limitations
#11
Crystal G Bennett, Madeleine E Hackney
INTRODUCTION: Older adults with mobility limitations are at greater risk for aging-related declines in physical function. Line dancing is a popular form of exercise that can be modified, and is thus feasible for older adults with mobility limitations. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of 8 weeks of line dancing on balance, muscle strength, lower extremity function, endurance, gait speed, and perceived mobility limitations. METHODS: An experimental design randomly assigned older adults to either an 8-week line dancing or usual care group...
February 25, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484505/effect-of-taichi-softball-on-function-related-outcomes-in-older-adults-a-randomized-control-trial
#12
Lin Lou, Liye Zou, Qun Fang, Huiru Wang, Yang Liu, Zuguo Tian, Yunpeng Han
The purpose of this present study was to examine the effect of Taichi softball (TCSB) on physical function in Chinese older adults. Eighty Chinese older adults were randomly assigned into either an experimental group experiencing four 90-minute TCSB sessions weekly for seven consecutive weeks or a control group. At baseline and 7 weeks later, all participants were asked to perform physical functional tests for both lower and upper limbs. Multiple separate Analyses of Variance (ANOVA) with repeated measures were applied to evaluate the effects of TCSB on function-related outcomes between baseline and postintervention in the two groups...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483657/immediate-effects-of-mirror-therapy-in-patients-with-shoulder-pain-and-decreased-range-of-motion
#13
Adriaan Louw, Emilio J Puentedura, Dave Reese, Paula Parker, Terra Miller, Paul Mintken
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of a brief single component of the graded motor imagery (GMI) sequence (mirror therapy) on active range of motion (AROM), pain, fear-avoidance and pain catastrophization in patients with shoulder pain. DESIGN: Single-blind case series SETTING: Three outpatient physical therapy clinics PARTICIPANTS: Patients with shoulder pain and limited AROM. INTERVENTIONS: Patients moved their unaffected shoulder through comfortable AROM in front of a mirror so that it appeared that they were moving their affected shoulder...
May 5, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471325/sense-of-extension-force-and-angle-of-the-knee-joint-are-correlated-between-two-generations-of-men
#14
Anna Bezulska, M Naczk, Z Adach, J Arlet, J Celichowski
Numerous motor abilities depend on the activity of proprioceptors, which has been suggested to be genetically determined. To test this hypothesis, the control of torque generated by knee extensors and knee position was studied in 30 father-son pairs both before and immediately after running. After stabilisation of the participant in a sitting position, the knee joint of his dominant leg was flexed to 90°, and the maximal voluntary torque (MVT) of the dominant knee extensors under static conditions was measured...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469746/low-carbohydrate-high-fat-diet-can-it-help-exercise-performance
#15
Chen-Kang Chang, Katarina Borer, Po-Ju Lin
Low-carbohydrate-high-fat (LCHF) diets have been used as a means of weight loss and control of symptoms in several clinical conditions. There is emerging evidence that the metabolic changes induced by LCHF diets enhance endurance performance. The aims of this review are to examine the evidence of LCHF diets in improving various aspects of athletic performance. Long-term LCHF dietary intake may help control body weight and fat mass while maintaining lean body mass in athletes in weight-sensitive sports. LCHF-adapted endurance athletes can reach the maximal fat oxidation rate of approximately 1...
February 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460597/boosting-the-traditional-physiotherapist-approach-for-stroke-spasticity-using-a-sensorized-ankle-foot-orthosis-a-pilot-study
#16
Federica Tamburella, Juan C Moreno, Marco Iosa, Iolanda Pisotta, Febo Cincotti, Donatella Mattia, José L Pons, Marco Molinari
BACKGROUND: Spasticity is a motor disorder that is commonly treated manually by a physical therapist (PhT) stretching the muscles. Recent data on learning have demonstrated the importance of human-to-human interaction in improving rehabilitation: cooperative motor behavior engages specific areas of the motor system compared with execution of a task alone. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesize that PhT-guided therapy that involves active collaboration with the patient (Pt) through shared biomechanical visual biofeedback (vBFB) positively impacts learning and performance by the Pt during ankle spasticity treatment...
May 1, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459281/self-managed-exercises-strength-and-fitness-training-and-multifidus-muscle-size-in-elite-footballers
#17
Julie A Hides, Jazmin Walsh, Melinda M Franettovich Smith, M Dilani Mendis
CONTEXT:   Low back pain (LBP) and lower limb injuries are common among Australian Football League (AFL) players. Smaller size of 1 key trunk muscle, the lumbar multifidus (MF), has been associated with LBP and injuries in footballers. The size of the MF muscle has been shown to be modifiable with supervised motor-control training programs. Among AFL players, supervised motor-control training has also been shown to reduce the incidence of lower limb injuries and was associated with increased player availability for games...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443787/ultrasound-based-motor-control-training-for-the-pelvic-floor-pre-and-post-prostatectomy-scoring-reliability-and-skill-acquisition
#18
Stuart Doorbar-Baptist, Roger Adams, Trudy Rebbeck
AIM: This study documents a protocol designed to evaluate pelvic floor motor control in men with prostate cancer. It also aims to evaluate the reliability of therapists in rating motor control of pelvic floor muscles (PFMs) using real time ultrasound imaging (RUSI) video clips. We further determine predictors of acquiring motor control. METHODS: Ninety-one men diagnosed with prostate cancer attending a physiotherapy clinic for pelvic floor exercises were taught detailed pelvic floor motor control exercises by a physiotherapist using trans-abdominal RUSI for biofeedback...
April 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443006/cognitive-resources-necessary-for-motor-control-in-older-adults-are-reduced-by-walking-and-coordination-training
#19
Ben Godde, Claudia Voelcker-Rehage
We examined if physical exercise interventions were effective to reduce cognitive brain resources recruited while performing motor control tasks in older adults. Forty-three older adults (63-79 years of age) participated in either a walking (n = 17) or a motor coordination (n = 15) intervention (1 year, 3 times per week) or were assigned to a control group (n = 11) doing relaxation and stretching exercises. Pre and post the intervention period, we applied functional MRI to assess brain activation during imagery of forward and backward walking and during counting backwards from 100 as control task...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435743/effects-of-overground-locomotor-training-on-the-ventilatory-response-to-volitional-treadmill-walking-in-individuals-with-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury-a-pilot-study
#20
Gino S Panza, Andrew A Guccione, Lisa M Chin, Jared M Gollie, Jeffery E Herrick, John P Collins
INTRODUCTION: Although there has been substantial emphasis on the neuromuscular and cardiovascular adaptations following rehabilitation, pulmonary adaptations in individuals with incomplete SCI (iSCI) in response to locomotor training have been less frequently studied. In healthy individuals, effective transition from rest to work is accomplished by a hyperpneic response, which exhibits an exponential curve with three phases. However, the degree to which our current understanding of exercise hyperpnea can be applied to individuals with iSCI is unknown...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
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