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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822190/-effect-of-pinostrobin-chalcone-on-adipogenic-differentiation-of-mesenchymal-stem-cell-c3h10t1-2
#1
Wei-Peng Huang, Yan-Fen Huang, Jian-Zhen Chen, Bo Jin, Jia-Ning Tan, Zhi-Shan Ding
Chalcones is a flavonoid wildly presented in many herbs. It has the effect to inhibit cells adipogenic differentiation. In order to study the effect of pinostrobin chalcone extracted and isolated from leaves of hickoryes on the adipogenic differentiation of murine embryonic mesenchymal stem cell (C3H10T1/2), MTS [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)- 2H-tetrazolium] method was used to detect the cell proliferation; adipogenic differentiation was characterized by oil red O staining and isopropanol extraction; the triglyceride content was detected by GAP-PAP enzyme method; and the C3H10T1/2 cell differentiation into adipocytes was also examined by the mRNA and protein expression of PPARγ, C/EBPα and FABP4 by RT-PCR and Western blot respectively...
June 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822166/-clinical-observation-of-modified-da-chaihu-decoction-in-treating-essential-hypertension-with-anxiety
#2
Xiang-Dong Zhang, Wang-Qiang Cheng, Yong-Gang Wang, Zheng Zhang
To observe the clinical efficacy of modified Da Chaihu decoction in treating essential hypertension with anxiety, the randomized, controlled, clinical trial was performed in this study. One hundred and twenty-six hypertensive patients with anxiety meeting the inclusive criteria were randomized into the treatment group and the control group. All of the included patients in the above 2 groups were treated by amlodipine besylate tablets. Patients in the treatment group were given Chinese herbal medicine modified Da Chaihu decoction every day...
June 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822025/cardiovascular-health-in-st-louis-bosnian-americans
#3
Maximillian T Bourdillon, Asad S Akhter, Dejan Vrtikapa, Amer Avdagic, Marc A McNeese, Richard Lee, Dawn S Hui
In Bosnia and Herzegovina, cardiovascular disease accounts for nearly 50% of deaths. Cardiovascular health of resettled Bosnian-Americans has not been well-characterized. Our study aimed to quantify cardiovascular risk in Bosnian-Americans in St. Louis, the largest non-European center of resettlement. Seven community screenings focused on Bosnian-Americans were held. Cardiovascular risk was calculated to stratify individuals into low (<10%), moderate (10-20%), and high (>20%) risk. Those with self-reported coronary heart disease (CHD) or risk equivalent were considered high-risk...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821961/postmortem-evaluation-of-cholesterol-triglyceride-and-apolipoprotein-levels
#4
Charlotte Girard, Maria Pia Scarpelli, Camilla Tettamanti, Cristian Palmiere
Cholesterol and triglyceride levels have been analyzed in the forensic setting and their values correlated with atherosclerotic lesions found at autopsy and histology. Nevertheless, the results of these investigations have provided diverging information on postmortem molecule stability and postmortem measurement reliability. The aim of this study was to determine triglycerides, total cholesterol, low-density and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, apolipoprotein B100, and apolipoprotein A-I in antemortem and postmortem serum samples in a series of cases (N = 10, including cardiac and noncardiac deaths) that underwent forensic investigations and had both samples available, measure the same molecules in postmortem serum from femoral blood and pericardial and pleural fluids (N = 39, including cardiac and noncardiac deaths), and evaluate whether different levels of these molecules could be observed in cases characterized by different degrees of coronary artery atherosclerosis (N = 39, including cardiac and noncardiac deaths)...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821856/smoking-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-and-their-combined-effects-on-metabolic-parameters-evidence-from-a-large-cross-sectional-study
#5
Huaming Zhu, Huajun Xu, Rui Chen, Suru Liu, Yunyan Xia, Yiqun Fu, Xinyi Li, Yingjun Qian, Jianyin Zou, Hongliang Yi, Jian Guan
Metabolic disorders have been separately associated with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and smoking. However, no study has examined their interactions with metabolic parameters, including insulin resistance and dyslipidemia. To investigate whether the combination of OSAS and smoking results in an additive detriment in metabolic disorder parameters, we enrolled consecutive adult men during 2014-2015. Fasted blood samples were taken to determine glucose, insulin, and lipid levels. A questionnaire including an item on smoking pack-year exposure was administered, and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale and overnight polysomnography were performed...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821713/evaluating-the-causal-relation-of-apoa-iv-with-disease-related-traits-a-bidirectional-two-sample-mendelian-randomization-study
#6
Salome Mack, Stefan Coassin, Julien Vaucher, Florian Kronenberg, Claudia Lamina
Apolipoprotein A-IV (apoA-IV) has been observed to be associated with lipids, kidney function, adiposity- and diabetes-related parameters. To assess the causal relationship of apoA-IV with these phenotypes, we conducted bidirectional Mendelian randomization (MR) analyses using publicly available summary-level datasets from GWAS consortia on apoA-IV concentrations (n = 13,813), kidney function (estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), n = 133,413), lipid traits (HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, n = 188,577), adiposity-related traits (body-mass-index (n = 322,206), waist-hip-ratio (n = 210,088)) and fasting glucose (n = 133,010)...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821686/effect-of-simvastatin-on-csf-alzheimer-disease-biomarkers-in-cognitively-normal-adults
#7
Ge Li, Cynthia L Mayer, Daniel Morelli, Steven P Millard, Wendy H Raskind, Eric C Petrie, Monique Cherrier, Anne M Fagan, Murray A Raskind, Elaine R Peskind
OBJECTIVE: To examine potential disease-modifying effects of statin drugs, we conducted a 12-month randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial of simvastatin in cognitively normal adults using change in CSF Alzheimer disease biomarkers as primary outcome measure. METHODS: Participants were 45-64 years old and statin-naive with normal cognition and normal or mildly elevated cholesterol. Forty-six participants completed the 1-year study per protocol (25 in the simvastatin and 21 in the placebo group)...
August 18, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821639/amyloid-induced-%C3%AE-cell-dysfunction-and-islet-inflammation-are-ameliorated-by-4-phenylbutyrate-pba-treatment
#8
Joel Montane, Sara de Pablo, Carlos Castaño, Júlia Rodríguez-Comas, Lisa Cadavez, Mercè Obach, Montse Visa, Gema Alcarraz-Vizán, Melchor Sanchez-Martinez, Alfons Nonell-Canals, Marcelina Parrizas, Joan-Marc Servitja, Anna Novials
Human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP) aggregation is associated with β-cell dysfunction and death in type 2 diabetes (T2D). we aimed to determine whether in vivo treatment with chemical chaperone 4-phenylbutyrate (PBA) ameliorates hIAPP-induced β-cell dysfunction and islet amyloid formation. Oral administration of PBA in transgenic (Tg) mice expressing hIAPP in pancreatic β cells (hIAPP Tg) counteracted impaired glucose homeostasis and restored glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. Moreover, PBA treatment almost completely prevented the transcriptomic alterations observed in hIAPP Tg islets, including the induction of genes related to inflammation...
August 15, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821417/single-species-versus-dual-species-probiotic-supplementation-as-an-emerging-therapeutic-strategy-for-obesity
#9
G Karimi, R Jamaluddin, N Mohtarrudin, Z Ahmad, H Khazaai, M Parvaneh
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Recent studies have reported beneficial effects of specific probiotics on obesity. However, the difference in the anti-obesity effects of probiotics as single species and dual species is still uncertain. Therefore, we aimed to compare the efficacy of single and dual species of bacteria on markers of obesity in high-fat diet-induced obese rats. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 40 male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to one of five groups of varying diets as follows: standard diet, high fat diet (HFD), HFD supplemented with Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota, HFD supplemented with Bifidobacterium longum and HFD supplemented with a mixture of these two bacterial species...
July 8, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821093/urea-free-synthesis-of-chitin-based-acrylate-superabsorbent-polymers-under-homogeneous-conditions-effects-of-the-degree-of-deacetylation-and-the-molecular-weight
#10
T G Liu, Y T Wang, B Li, H B Deng, Z L Huang, L W Qian, X Wang
In order to understand the chemical structure of chitin-based acrylate superabsorbent polymers (SAP), chitin was dissolved in NaOH aqueous solution via freezing-thawing cyclic treatment without urea, subsequently, a transparent hydrogel was prepared by copolymerizing the alkali-chitin solution and acrylic acid directly. The effects of the degree of deacetylation (DDA) and the molecular weight (Mw) of chitin on the properties of SAP were investigated in detail. With increasing the DDA and Mw, the yield improved while the water absorbency decreased, yet the effect of DDA is insignificant if the Mw is smaller enough...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821087/in-vivo-antihyperlipidemic-and-antioxidant-activity-of-porphyran-in-hyperlipidemic-mice
#11
Xiaomei Wang, Weida Li, Li Xiao, Chundong Liu, Huimin Qi, Zhongshan Zhang
The hypolipidemic and antioxidant effects of porphyran from the red algae Porphyra haitanensis as a dietary supplement were evaluated in mice. The levels of serum TC, TG and LDL-C in MP group increased significantly (p<0.05 or p<0.01) by 28.5%, 29.4% and 33.5% compared with the model group. These significant rises were accompanied by significant declines of plasma HDL-C by 21.6% compared with the model group. In addition, the liver content of malondialdehyde significantly decreased, while the superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase activities significantly increased...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820912/impact-of-novel-palmitoylated-prolactin-releasing-peptide-analogs-on-metabolic-changes-in-mice-with-diet-induced-obesity
#12
Veronika Pražienková, Martina Holubová, Helena Pelantová, Martina Bugáňová, Zdenko Pirník, Barbora Mikulášková, Andrea Popelová, Miroslava Blechová, Martin Haluzík, Blanka Železná, Marek Kuzma, Jaroslav Kuneš, Lenka Maletínská
Analogs of anorexigenic neuropeptides, such as prolactin-releasing peptide (PrRP), have a potential as new anti-obesity drugs. In our previous study, palmitic acid attached to the N-terminus of PrRP enabled its central anorexigenic effects after peripheral administration. In this study, two linkers, γ-glutamic acid at Lys11 and a short, modified polyethylene glycol at the N-terminal Ser and/or Lys11, were applied for the palmitoylation of PrRP31 to improve its bioavailability. These analogs had a high affinity and activation ability to the PrRP receptor GPR10 and the neuropeptide FF2 receptor, as well as short-term anorexigenic effect similar to PrRP palmitoylated at the N-terminus...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820499/choline-supplementation-normalizes-fetal-adiposity-and-reduces-lipogenic-gene-expression-in-a-mouse-model-of-maternal-obesity
#13
Chauntelle Jack-Roberts, Yaelle Joselit, Khatia Nanobashvili, Rachel Bretter, Olga V Malysheva, Marie A Caudill, Anjana Saxena, Kathleen Axen, Ahmed Gomaa, Xinyin Jiang
Maternal obesity increases fetal adiposity which may adversely affect metabolic health of the offspring. Choline regulates lipid metabolism and thus may influence adiposity. This study investigates the effect of maternal choline supplementation on fetal adiposity in a mouse model of maternal obesity. C57BL/6J mice were fed either a high-fat (HF) diet or a control (NF) diet and received either 25 mM choline supplemented (CS) or control untreated (CO) drinking water for 6 weeks before timed-mating and throughout gestation...
August 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819948/the-role-of-selenium-in-thyroid-gland-pathophysiology
#14
Michał Stuss, Marta Michalska-Kasiczak, Ewa Sewerynek
It is now assumed that proper functioning of the thyroid gland (TG), beside iodine, requires also a number of elements, including selenium, iron, zinc, copper, and calcium. In many cases, only an adequate supply of one of these microelements (e.g. iodine) may reveal symptoms resulting from deficits of other microelements (e.g. iron or selenium). Selenium is accounted to the trace elements of key importance for homeostasis of the human system, in particular, for the proper functioning of the immune system and the TG...
2017: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819403/impact-of-statin-use-on-outcomes-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#15
Simona F Shaitelman, Michael C Stauder, Pamela Allen, Sangeetha Reddy, Susan Lakoski, Bradley Atkinson, Jay Reddy, Diana Amaya, William Guerra, Naoto Ueno, Abigail Caudle, Welela Tereffe, Wendy A Woodward
Purpose: We sought to investigate if the use of HMG Co-A reductase inhibitors (statins) has an impact on outcomes among patients with triple negative breast cancer (TNBC). Methods: We reviewed the cases of women with invasive, non-metastatic TNBC, diagnosed 1997-2012. Clinical outcomes were compared based on statin use (defined as ever use during treatment vs. never use). We identified a subset of women for whom a 5-value lipid panel (5VLP) was available, including total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein, high density lipoprotein, very low density lipoprotein, and triglycerides...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818728/fractionation-of-lignin-macromolecules-by-sequential-organic-solvents-systems-and-their-characterization-for-further-valuable-applications
#16
Shin Young Park, Jae-Young Kim, Hye Jung Youn, Joon Weon Choi
Lignin solvent fractionation is one of the promising methods for homogenizing and utilizing lignin commercially. In this work, fractionation characteristics of two lignin fractions were compared to investigate the potential of utilization of fractionated lignin. Two lignins [milled wood lignin(MWL) and organosolv lignin(OL) from yellow poplar] were sequentially fractionated with ethyl acetate(F1), 2-butanone(F2), methanol(F3), acetone(F4), and dioxane/water(F5). Yields of five MWL fractions F1 to F5 were 11...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818597/is-there-a-j-shaped-relationship-between-the-fatty-liver-index-and-risk-of-microalbuminuria-in-the-general-population
#17
Jong Wook Choi, Il Hwan Oh, Chang Hwa Lee, Joon-Sung Park
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether the fatty liver index (FLI), as a clinical indicator of hepatic fat accumulation based on body mass index, gamma-glutamyl-transferase, triglycerides, and waist circumference, has an association with microalbuminuria. METHODS: We analyzed anthropometric and biochemical data from a nation-wide, population-based, cross-sectional study. A total of 1605 participants included were healthy native Korean 40years or older and divided into quintiles according to their log-FLI and sex...
August 14, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818576/the-effect-of-mutations-in-the-lid-region-of-thermomyces-lanuginosus-lipase-on-interactions-with-triglyceride-surfaces-a-multi-scale-simulation-study
#18
Nathalie Willems, Mickäel Lelimousin, Jakob Skjold-Jorgensen, Allan Svendsen, Mark S P Sansom
Lipases naturally function at the interface formed between amphiphilic molecules and the aqueous environment. Thermomyces lanuginosus lipase (TLL) is a well-characterised lipase, known to exhibit interfacial activation during which a lid region covering the active site becomes displaced upon interaction with an interface. In this study, we investigate the effect the amino acid sequence of the lid region on interfacial binding and lid dynamics of TLL. Three TLL variants were investigated, a wild-type variant, a variant containing an esterase lid region (Esterase), and a Hybrid variant, containing both wild-type lid residues and esterase lid residues...
August 14, 2017: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818442/mri-based-treatment-planning-and-dose-delivery-verification-for-intraocular-melanoma-brachytherapy
#19
Jacqueline Esthappan Zoberi, Jose Garcia-Ramirez, Samantha Hedrick, Vivian Rodriguez, Carol G Bertelsman, Stacie Mackey, Yanle Hu, H Michael Gach, P Kumar Rao, Perry W Grigsby
PURPOSE: Episcleral plaque brachytherapy (EPB) planning is conventionally based on approximations of the implant geometry with no volumetric imaging following plaque implantation. We have developed an MRI-based technique for EPB treatment planning and dose delivery verification based on the actual patient-specific geometry. METHODS AND MATERIALS: MR images of 6 patients, prescribed 85 Gy over 96 hours from Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study-based EPB, were acquired before and after implantation...
August 14, 2017: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818347/use-of-supplemental-long-chain-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-risk-for-cardiac-death-an-updated-meta-analysis-and-review-of-research-gaps
#20
Kevin C Maki, Orsolya M Palacios, Marjorie Bell, Peter P Toth
BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing use of long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-OM3), primarily eicosapentaenoic acid, and/or docosahexaenoic acid have shown mixed results. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of the study were to update and further explore the available RCT data regarding LC-OM3 supplementation and risk for cardiac death and to propose testable hypotheses for the mixed results obtained in RCTs regarding supplemental LC-OM3 use and cardiac risk...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
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