keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Glx

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203059/increased-glutamate%C3%A2-glutamine-levels-in-the-thalamus-of-patients-with-essential-tremor-a-preliminary-proton-mr-spectroscopic-study
#1
Gaetano Barbagallo, Gennarina Arabia, Fabiana Novellino, Rita Nisticò, Maria Salsone, Maurizio Morelli, Federico Rocca, Andrea Quattrone, Manuela Caracciolo, Umberto Sabatini, Andrea Cherubini, Aldo Quattrone
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the thalamic biochemical profile in patients with essential tremor (ET), using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS), and to explore the correlations between clinical and biochemical data. METHODS: Sixteen patients with ET and 14 healthy controls participated in this study. After conventional MR imaging, single-voxel 1H-MRS (TR = 2000 ms; TE = 28 ms) was performed by using a PROBE-SV system implemented on a 3-T scanner...
November 28, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177616/medial-frontal-lobe-neurochemistry-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-is-marked-by-reduced-n-acetylaspartate-and-unchanged-gamma-aminobutyric-acid-and-glutamate%C3%A2-%C3%A2-glutamine-levels
#2
Andreia Carvalho Pereira, Inês R Violante, Susana Mouga, Guiomar Oliveira, Miguel Castelo-Branco
The nature of neurochemical changes in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) remains controversial. We compared medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) neurochemistry of twenty high-functioning children and adolescents with ASD without associated comorbidities and fourteen controls. We observed reduced total N-acetylaspartate (tNAA) and total creatine, increased Glx/tNAA but unchanged glutamate + glutamine (Glx) and unchanged absolute or relative gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA+) in the ASD group. Importantly, both smaller absolute and relative GABA+ levels were associated with worse communication skills and developmental delay scores assessed by the autism diagnostic interview-revised (ADI-R)...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159914/gaba-concentration-in-sensorimotor-cortex-following-high-intensity-exercise-and-relationship-to-lactate-levels
#3
James P Coxon, Robin F H Cash, Joshua J Hendrikse, Nigel C Rogasch, Ellen Stavrinos, Chao Suo, Murat Yücel
High-intensity exercise increases the concentration of circulating lactate. Cortical uptake of blood borne lactate increases during and following exercise, however the potential relationship with changes in the concentration of neurometabolites remains unclear. While changes in neurometabolite concentration have previously been demonstrated in primary visual cortex following exercise, it remains unknown whether these changes extend to regions such as sensorimotor cortex (SM) or executive regions such as dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC)...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150548/defense-against-reactive-carbonyl-species-involves-at-least-three-subcellular-compartments-where-individual-components-of-the-system-respond-to-cellular-sugar-status
#4
Jessica Schmitz, Isabell C Dittmar, Jörn D Brockmann, Marc Schmidt, Meike Hüdig, Alessandro W Rossoni, Veronica G Maurino
Methylglyoxal (MGO) and glyoxal (GO) are toxic reactive carbonyl species generated as by-products of glycolysis. The pre-emption pathway for detoxification of these products, the glyoxalase (GLX) system, involves two consecutive reactions catalyzed by GLXI and GLXII. In Arabidopsis thaliana, the GLX system is encoded by three homologs of GLXI and three homologs of GLXII, from which several predicted GLXI and GLXII isoforms can be derived through alternative splicing. We identified the physiologically relevant splice forms using sequencing data and demonstrated that the resulting isoforms have different subcellular localizations...
November 17, 2017: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145203/evaluation-of-mental-disorders-using-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-in-dialysis-and-predialysis-patients
#5
Chun-Yun Zhang, Ying Chen, Shan Chen, Xiang-Chuang Kong, Yuan Liu, Chao-Qun You, Cheng Wan, Philip A Bondzie, Hua Su, Chun Zhang, Fang-Fang He
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Psychological complications are prevalent in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). This study aimed to investigate mental disorders in stage 4-5 CKD patients, to detect metabolite concentrations in the brain by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) and to compare the effects of different dialysis therapies on mental disorders in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). METHODS: The sample population was made up of predialysis (13), hemodialysis (HD) (13), and peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients (12)...
November 21, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130590/quantification-of-gaba-glutamate-and-glutamine-in-a-single-measurement-at-3%C3%A2-t-using-gaba-edited-mega-press
#6
Faezeh Sanaei Nezhad, Adriana Anton, Emilia Michou, JeYoung Jung, Laura M Parkes, Stephen R Williams
γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glutamate (Glu), major neurotransmitters in the brain, are recycled through glutamine (Gln). All three metabolites can be measured by magnetic resonance spectroscopy in vivo, although GABA measurement at 3 T requires an extra editing acquisition, such as Mescher-Garwood point-resolved spectroscopy (MEGA-PRESS). In a GABA-edited MEGA-PRESS spectrum, Glu and Gln co-edit with GABA, providing the possibility to measure all three in one acquisition. In this study, we investigated the reliability of the composite Glu + Gln (Glx) peak estimation and the possibility of Glu and Gln separation in GABA-edited MEGA-PRESS spectra...
November 12, 2017: NMR in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079815/occipital-gaba-levels-in-older-adults-and-their-relationship-to-visual-perceptual-suppression
#7
Kabilan Pitchaimuthu, Qi-Zhu Wu, Olivia Carter, Bao N Nguyen, Sinyeob Ahn, Gary F Egan, Allison M McKendrick
Several studies have attributed certain visual perceptual alterations in older adults to a likely decrease in GABA (Gamma Aminobutyric Acid) concentration in visual cortex, an assumption based on findings in aged non-human primates. However, to our knowledge, there is no direct evidence for an age-related decrease in GABA concentration in human visual cortex. Here, we estimated visual cortical GABA levels and Glx (combined estimate of glutamate and glutamine) levels using magnetic resonance spectroscopy. We also measured performance for two visual tasks that are hypothesised to be mediated, at least in part, by GABAergic inhibition: spatial suppression of motion and binocular rivalry...
October 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064346/metabolic-counterparts-of-sodium-accumulation-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-whole-brain-23-na-mri-and-fast-1-h-mrsi-study
#8
Maxime Donadieu, Yann Le Fur, Adil Maarouf, Soraya Gherib, Ben Ridley, Lauriane Pini, Stanislas Rapacchi, Sylviane Confort-Gouny, Maxime Guye, Lothar R Schad, Andrew A Maudsley, Jean Pelletier, Bertrand Audoin, Wafaa Zaaraoui, Jean-Philippe Ranjeva
BACKGROUND: Increase of brain total sodium concentrations (TSC) is present in multiple sclerosis (MS), but its pathological involvement has not been assessed yet. OBJECTIVE: To determine in vivo the metabolic counterpart of brain sodium accumulation. MATERIALS/METHODS: Whole brain (23)Na-MR imaging and 3D-(1)H-EPSI data were collected in 21 relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) patients and 20 volunteers. Metabolites and sodium levels were extracted from several regions of grey matter (GM), normal-appearing white matter (NAWM) and white matter (WM) T2 lesions...
October 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993818/metabotropic-glutamate-receptor-5-and-glutamate-involvement-in-major-depressive-disorder-a-multimodal-imaging-study
#9
Chadi G Abdallah, Jonas Hannestad, Graeme F Mason, Sophie E Holmes, Nicole DellaGioia, Gerard Sanacora, Lihong Jiang, David Matuskey, Ritvij Satodiya, Fabrizio Gasparini, Xin Lin, Jonathan Javitch, Beata Planeta, Nabeel Nabulsi, Richard E Carson, Irina Esterlis
BACKGROUND: Preclinical and postmortem studies have implicated the metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5) in the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder (MDD). The goal of the present study was to determine the role of mGluR5 in a large group of individuals with MDD compared to healthy controls (HC) in vivo with [(18)F]FPEB and positron emission tomography (PET). Furthermore, we sought to determine the role glutamate plays on mGluR5 availability in MDD. METHODS: Sixty-five participants (30 MDD and 35 HC) completed [(18)F]FPEB PET to estimate the primary outcome measure - mGluR5 volume of distribution (VT), and the secondary outcome measure - mGluR5 distribution volume ratio (DVR)...
July 2017: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986816/effects-of-electroacupuncture-on-metabolic-changes-in-motor-cortex-and-striatum-of-6-hydroxydopamine-induced-parkinsonian-rats
#10
Min Li, Ke Wang, Wen-Ting Su, Jun Jia, Xiao-Min Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the possible underlying mechanism by investigating the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) treatment on the primary motor cortex and striatum in a unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) induced rat Parkinson's disease (PD) model. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into sham group (n=16), model group (n=14), and EA group (n=14). EA stimulation at Dazhui (GV 14) and Baihui (GV20) was applied to PD rats in the EA group for 4 weeks...
October 6, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965838/assessment-of-intra-and-inter-regional-interrelations-between-gaba-glx-and-bold-during-pain-perception-in-the-human-brain-a-combined-1-h-fmrs-and-fmri-study
#11
Marianne Cleve, Alexander Gussew, Gerd Wagner, Karl-Jürgen Bär, Jürgen R Reichenbach
To explore brain activity and the related neurochemical processes, current research focuses increasingly on the combined acquisition of (1)H MR spectra and fMRI data to investigate potential associations between local metabolite resting state levels and stimulus-induced BOLD signal changes. In this study, whole-brain fMRI measurements and localized functional (1)H MEGA-PRESS MRS scans were conducted at 3T in healthy subjects prior to and during acute pain stimulation to quantify resting state GABA+/tCr and Glx/tCr levels in the insular cortex together with their stimulus-induced changes and to explore associations between these neurochemical parameters with intra-regional but also inter-regional BOLD responses...
December 4, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941767/a-proton-mr-spectroscopy-study-of-the-thalamus-in-twins-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
John P Hegarty, Meng Gu, Daniel M Spielman, Sue C Cleveland, Joachim F Hallmayer, Laura C Lazzeroni, Mira M Raman, Thomas W Frazier, Jennifer M Phillips, Allan L Reiss, Antonio Y Hardan
Multiple lines of research have reported thalamic abnormalities in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) that are associated with social communication impairments (SCI), restricted and repetitive behaviors (RRB), or sensory processing abnormalities (SPA). Thus, the thalamus may represent a common neurobiological structure that is shared across symptom domains in ASD. Same-sex monozygotic (MZ) and dizygotic (DZ) twin pairs with and without ASD underwent cognitive/behavioral evaluation and magnetic resonance imaging to assess the thalamus...
September 21, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899759/hippocampal-metabolism-and-prefrontal-brain-structure-a-combined-1h-mr-spectroscopy-neuropsychological-and-voxel-based-morphometry-vbm-study
#13
Johanna Steinke, Christian Gaser, Kerstin Langbein, Maren Dietzek, Alexander Gussew, Jürgen R Reichenbach, Stefan Smesny, Heinrich Sauer, Igor Nenadić
Hippocampal structural and functional integrity impacts on multiple remote areas of the brain, and this connectivity is central to multiple cognitive functions in healthy and disease. We studied associations of hippocampal metabolic markers N-acetyl aspartate (NAA) and glutamate (Glu and Glx; assessed with 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy) and brain grey matter (studied with voxel-based morphometry, VBM) in 20 healthy subjects. We found a significant correlation between right hippocampal NAA and left ventrolateral prefrontal cortical grey matter (TFCE, p<0...
December 15, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892070/anterior-cingulate-cortex-%C3%AE-aminobutyric-acid-deficits-in-youth-with-depression
#14
V Gabbay, K A Bradley, X Mao, R Ostrover, G Kang, D C Shungu
Abnormally low γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) levels have been consistently reported in adults with major depressive disorder (MDD). Our group extended this finding to adolescents, and documented that GABA deficits were associated with anhedonia. Here we aimed to confirm our prior finding of decreased brain GABA in youth with depression and explore its associations with clinical variables. Forty-four psychotropic medication-free youth with MDD and 36 healthy control (HC) participants (12-21 years) were studied...
August 22, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891592/decreased-%C3%AE-aminobutyric-acid-levels-in-the-brainstem-in-patients-with-possible-sleep-bruxism-a-pilot-study
#15
X Fan, F Qu, J-J Wang, X Du, W-C Liu
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of studies have indicated that the central and autonomic nervous systems play roles in the genesis of sleep bruxism (SB). The role of specific neurochemicals in SB has been a subject of interest. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we use proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1) H-MRS) to determine whether the levels of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glutamate (Glu) are different in the brainstem and bilateral cortical masticatory area (CMA) between possible sleep bruxism (SB) patients and controls, and discuss whether the brainstem or cortical networks which may affect the central masticatory pathways are under the genesis of SB...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874569/dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex-gaba-deficit-in-older-adults-with-sleep-disordered-breathing
#16
Ana C Pereira, Xiangling Mao, Caroline S Jiang, Guoxin Kang, Sara Milrad, Bruce S McEwen, Ana C Krieger, Dikoma C Shungu
Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is a common disorder in aging that is associated with cognitive decline, including significant executive dysfunction, for which the neurobiological underpinnings remain poorly understood. Using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS), this study assessed whether dysregulation of the homeostatic balance of the major inhibitory and excitatory amino acid neurotransmitter systems of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glutamate, respectively, play a role in SDB. Levels of GABA and those of the combined resonances of glutamate and glutamine (Glx), were measured by 1H MRS in the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (l-DLPFC) and bilateral hippocampal regions of 19 older adults (age ± SD: 66...
September 19, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763779/prefrontal-glx-and-gaba-concentrations-and-impulsivity-in-cigarette-smokers-and-smoking-polysubstance-users
#17
Mieke H J Schulte, Anne Marije Kaag, Reinout W Wiers, Lianne Schmaal, Wim van den Brink, Liesbeth Reneman, Judith R Homberg, Guido A van Wingen, Anna E Goudriaan
Glutamate and GABA play an important role in substance dependence. However, it remains unclear whether this holds true for different substance use disorders and how this is related to risk-related traits such as impulsivity. We, therefore, compared Glx (as a proxy measure for glutamate) and GABA concentrations in the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) of 48 male cigarette smokers, 61 male smoking polysubstance users, and 90 male healthy controls, and investigated the relationship with self-reported impulsivity and substance use...
July 25, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751130/in-vivo-gamma-aminobutyric-acid-and-glutamate-levels-in-people-with-first-episode-schizophrenia-a-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-study
#18
P W Chiu, Simon S Y Lui, Karen S Y Hung, Raymond C K Chan, Queenie Chan, P C Sham, Eric F C Cheung, Henry K F Mak
BACKGROUND: Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) dysfunction and its consequent imbalance are implicated in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Reduced GABA production would lead to a disinhibition of glutamatergic neurons and subsequently cause a disruption of the modulation between GABAergic interneurons and glutamatergic neurons. In this study, levels of GABA, Glx (summation of glutamate and glutamine), and other metabolites in the anterior cingulate cortex were measured and compared between first-episode schizophrenia subjects and healthy controls (HC)...
July 24, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725548/age-dependent-lasting-effects-of-methylphenidate-on-the-gabaergic-system-of-adhd-patients
#19
Michelle M Solleveld, Anouk Schrantee, Nicolaas A J Puts, Liesbeth Reneman, Paul J Lucassen
Stimulants are the main pharmacological treatment for patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Their current prescription rates are rising, both in children, adolescents and adults. Related to the impulse control phenotype, both preclinical and clinical studies have demonstrated lower γ-amino butyric acid (GABA) levels in prefrontal brain regions in ADHD. Whereas stimulant treatment increases GABA levels, preclinical studies have suggested that stimulant treatment effects may be age-dependent...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659829/risk-conferring-glutamatergic-genes-and-brain-glutamate-plus-glutamine-in-schizophrenia
#20
Juan R Bustillo, Veena Patel, Thomas Jones, Rex Jung, Nattida Payaknait, Clifford Qualls, Jose M Canive, Jingyu Liu, Nora Irma Perrone-Bizzozero, Vince D Calhoun, Jessica A Turner, Charles Gasparovic
BACKGROUND: The proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) signals from glutamate (or the combined glutamate and glutamine signal-Glx) have been found to be greater in various brain regions in people with schizophrenia. Recently, the Psychiatric Genetics Consortium reported that several common single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in glutamate-related genes confer increased risk of schizophrenia. Here, we examined the relationship between presence of these risk polymorphisms and brain Glx levels in schizophrenia...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
74572
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"