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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779187/dualism-and-its-place-in-a-philosophical-structure-for-psychiatry
#1
Hane Htut Maung
It is often claimed in parts of the psychiatric literature that neuroscientific research into the biological basis of mental disorder undermines dualism in the philosophy of mind. This paper shows that such a claim does not apply to all forms of dualism. Focusing on Kenneth Kendler's discussion of the mind-body problem in biological psychiatry, I argue that such criticism of dualism often conflates the psychological and phenomenal concepts of the mental. Moreover, it fails to acknowledge that there are different varieties of dualism, and so overlooks the important metaphysical insights of contemporary dualist philosophers...
May 19, 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734096/does-recent-mania-affect-response-to-antidepressants-in-bipolar-disorder-a-re-analysis-of-step-bd-data
#2
Zahra Mousavi, Sheri Johnson, Descartes Li
BACKGROUND: One previous study suggested that the presence of a manic episode before bipolar depression is related to worse response to antidepressants. METHOD: To examine this effect in a larger sample, we used data from the large, multi-site STEP-BD study. We hypothesized that among persons treated with antidepressants for bipolar depression, manic or mixed episodes before depression onset (as compared to euthymia) would predict lower rate of recovery, more sustained depressive symptoms and higher rate of switching into mania/hypomania after antidepressant treatment of bipolar depression...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688988/recurrent-klazomania-responsive-to-acute-plus-maintenance-electroconvulsive-therapy
#3
James A Bourgeois, Descartes Li, Ana Hategan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 23, 2018: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663121/the-beneficence-of-hope-findings-from-a-qualitative-study-with-gout-and-diabetes-patients
#4
Isabelle Wienand, Milenko Rakic, David Shaw, Bernice Elger
This paper explores the importance of hope as a determining factor for patients to participate in first-in-human trials for synthetic biology therapies. This paper focuses on different aspects of hope in the context of human health and well-being and explores the varieties of hope expressed by patients. The research findings are based on interview data collected from stable gout and diabetes patients. Three concepts of hope have emerged from the interviews: hope as certainty (H1); hope as reflective uncertainty (H2); hope as self-therapy (H3)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609724/did-ren%C3%A3-descartes-have-exploding-head-syndrome
#5
Abidemi Idowu Otaiku
René Descartes (1596-1650), "the Father of Modern Philosophy" and advocate of mind-body dualism, had three successive dreams on November 10, 1619 that changed the trajectory of his life and the trajectory of human thought. Descartes' influential dreams have been of interest to a number of commentators including the famous neurologist and psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud. Descartes' second dream in particular, in which he heard a loud noise in his head before seeing a bright flash of light upon awakening, has been discussed extensively...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589321/a-history-and-overview-of-the-behavioral-neuroscience-of-learning-and-memory
#6
Robert E Clark
Here, I provide a basic history of important milestones in the development of theories for how the brain accomplishes the phenomenon of learning and memory. Included are the ideas of Plato, René Descartes, Théodule Ribot, William James, Ivan Pavlov, John Watson, Karl Lashley, and others. The modern era of learning and memory research begins with the description of H.M. by Brenda Milner and the gradual discovery that the brain contains multiple learning and memory systems that are supported by anatomically discrete brain structures...
2018: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531718/congenital-central-hypoventilation-syndrome-mimicking-mitochondrial-disease
#7
Kitiwan Rojnueangnit, Maria Descartes
Later-onset congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (LO-CCHS) does not present only breathing problems but can be present as episodic multiple organs involvement. Our unique case demonstrated LO-CCHS should be considered in the differential diagnosis of mitochondrial diseases and having nontypical polysomnography result.
March 2018: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504679/on-matters-of-mind-and-body-regarding-descartes
#8
Elizabeth Urban
In this paper the author considers Descartes' place in current thinking about the mind-body dilemma. The premise here is that in the history of ideas, the questions posed can be as significant as the answers acquired. Descartes' paramount question was 'How do we determine certainty?' and his pursuit of an answer led to cogito ergo sum. His discovery simultaneously raised the question whether mind is separate from or unified with the body. Some who currently hold that brain and subjectivity are unified contend that the philosopher 'split' mind from body and refer to 'Descartes' error'...
April 2018: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504485/framing-the-mind-body-problem-in-contemporary-neuroscientific-and-sunni-islamic-theological-discourse
#9
Faisal Qazi, Don Fette, Syed S Jafri, Aasim I Padela
Famously posed by seventeenth-century French philosopher René Descartes, the mind-body problem remains unresolved in western philosophy and science, with both disciplines unable to move convincingly beyond the dualistic model. The persistence of dualism calls for a reframing of the problem through interdisciplinary modes of inquiry that include non-western points of view. One such perspective is Islamic theology of the soul, which, while approaching the problem from a distinct point of view, also adopts a position commensurate with (substance) dualism...
March 5, 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346903/pseudospectral-maxwell-solvers-for-an-accurate-modeling-of-doppler-harmonic-generation-on-plasma-mirrors-with-particle-in-cell-codes
#10
G Blaclard, H Vincenti, R Lehe, J L Vay
With the advent of petawatt class lasers, the very large laser intensities attainable on target should enable the production of intense high-order Doppler harmonics from relativistic laser-plasma mirror interactions. At present, the modeling of these harmonics with particle-in-cell (PIC) codes is extremely challenging as it implies an accurate description of tens to hundreds of harmonic orders on a broad range of angles. In particular, we show here that due to the numerical dispersion of waves they induce in vacuum, standard finite difference time domain (FDTD) Maxwell solvers employed in most PIC codes can induce a spurious angular deviation of harmonic beams potentially degrading simulation results...
September 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342289/recent-advances-in-kidney-transplantation-a-viewpoint-from-the-descartes-advisory-board
#11
Daniel Abramowicz, Rainer Oberbauer, Uwe Heemann, Ondrej Viklicky, Licia Peruzzi, Christophe Mariat, Marta Crespo, Klemens Budde, Gabriel C Oniscu
Transplantation medicine is a rapidly evolving field. Keeping afloat of the published literature to offer the best clinical care to our patients is a daunting task. As part of its educational mission, the Descartes advisory board identified seven topics in kidney transplantation where there has been substantial progresses over the last years: kidney allocation within Eurotransplant; kidney exchange strategies; kidney machine perfusion strategies; the changing landscape of anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies; the new immunosuppressive drugs in the pipeline; strategies for immunosuppression minimization; and the continuous enigma of focal segmental glomerular sclerosis recurrence after transplantation...
January 12, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302901/a-history-and-overview-of-the-behavioral-neuroscience-of-learning-and-memory
#12
Robert E Clark
Here, I provide a basic history of important milestones in the development of theories for how the brain accomplishes the phenomenon of learning and memory. Included are the ideas of Plato, René Descartes, Théodule Ribot, William James, Ivan Pavlov, John Watson, Karl Lashley, and others. The modern era of learning and memory research begins with the description of H.M. by Brenda Milner and the gradual discovery that the brain contains multiple learning and memory systems that are supported by anatomically discrete brain structures...
January 5, 2018: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235408/balint-work-and-the-creation-of-medical-knowledge
#13
John Muench
Michael Balint's pioneering work in primary care was not simply the application of psychodynamic theory to the complex problems and relationships encountered by clinicians. Rather, Balint's work was part of a wider conversation in Western epistemology that had already begun to break down the enlightenment rationalist agenda. Since the time of Descartes, we sought to find certain truth through decontextualizing and abstracting problems, and through separation of the observer from the thing observed, with a focus on finding universal timeless laws that could be generalized...
January 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221604/effect-of-evolocumab-on-lipoprotein-particles
#14
Peter P Toth, Naveed Sattar, Dirk J Blom, Seth S Martin, Steven R Jones, Maria Laura Monsalvo, Mary Elliott, Mike Davis, Ransi Somaratne, David Preiss
The level of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) reflects the cholesterol carried mainly by low-density lipoprotein particles (LDL-P). LDL-C, however, does not always correlate with LDL-P because of the variable amounts of cholesterol per particle. Consideration of LDL-P concentrations in addition to LDL-C may help guide therapeutic decisions in a select number of patients. Evolocumab is a fully human monoclonal antibody directed against proprotein convertase subtilisin-kexin type 9 that lowers both LDL-C and cardiovascular events...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167035/promoting-empathy-among-medical-students-a-two-site-randomized-controlled-study
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Céline Buffel du Vaure, Cédric Lemogne, Lucie Bunge, Annie Catu-Pinault, Nicolas Hoertel, Christian Ghasarossian, Marie-Eve Vincens, Eric Galam, Philippe Jaury
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of Balint groups on empathy measured by the Consultation And Relational Empathy Measure (CARE) scale rated by standardized patients during objective structured clinical examination and self-rated Jefferson's School Empathy Scale - Medical Student (JSPE-MS©) among fourth-year medical students. METHODS: A two-site randomized controlled trial were planned, from October 2015 to December 2015 at Paris Diderot and Paris Descartes University, France...
December 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095226/optimizing-hypertension-management-in-renal-transplantation-a-call-to-action
#16
Jean-Michel Halimi, Alexandre Persu, Pantalis A Sarafidis, Michel Burnier, Daniel Abramowicz, Bénédicte Sautenet, Rainer Oberbauer, Francesca Mallamaci, Gérard London, Patrick Rossignol, Grégoire Wuerzner, Bruno Watschinger, Carmine Zoccali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070728/how-we-perceive-our-own-retina
#17
Kuno Kirschfeld
Ever since the days of René Descartes, in the seventeenth century, the search for the relationship between subjective perception and neural activity has been an ongoing challenge. In neuroscience, an approach to the problem via the visual system has produced a paradigm using perceptual suppression, changing with time. Cortical areas in which the neural activity was modulated in temporal correlation with this percept could be traced. Although these areas may lead directly to perception, such temporal correlation of neural activity does not suffice as ultimate proof that they actually do so...
October 25, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047472/high-order-rainbows-of-a-spherical-particle-produced-by-near-grazing-incident-light
#18
James A Lock
This study is concerned with the formation of high-order rainbows by near-grazing light incident on a spherical particle. As the number of internal reflections involved increases, the incident Descartes ray strikes the sphere surface increasingly closer to its edge, where the predictions of ray theory and Airy theory become invalid. The deflection angle of the confluence of the stationary points of the phase of the partial wave scattering amplitudes is studied as a function of rainbow order and sphere radius...
July 1, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808076/influence-of-the-duration-of-penicillin-prescriptions-on-outcomes-for-acute-sore-throat-in-adults-the-descarte-prospective-cohort-study-in-uk-general-practice
#19
Michael Moore, Beth Stuart, Fd Richard Hobbs, Chris C Butler, Alastair D Hay, John Campbell, Brendan C Delaney, Sue Broomfield, Paula Barratt, Kerenza Hood, Hazel Everitt, Mark Mullee, Ian Williamson, David Mant, Paul Little
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend 10-day treatment courses for acute sore throat, but shorter courses may be used in practice. AIM: To determine whether antibiotic duration predicts adverse outcome of acute sore throat in adults in routine care. DESIGN AND SETTING: A secondary analysis of the DESCARTE (Decision rule for the Symptoms and Complications of Acute Red Throat in Everyday practice) prospective cohort study of 12 829 adults presenting in UK general practice with acute sore throat...
September 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808075/symptom-response-to-antibiotic-prescribing-strategies-in-acute-sore-throat-in-adults-the-descarte-prospective-cohort-study-in-uk-general-practice
#20
Michael Moore, Beth Stuart, Fd Richard Hobbs, Chris C Butler, Alastair D Hay, John Campbell, Brendan C Delaney, Sue Broomfield, Paula Barratt, Kerenza Hood, Hazel A Everitt, Mark Mullee, Ian Williamson, David Mant, Paul Little
BACKGROUND: A delayed or 'just in case' prescription has been identified as having potential to reduce antibiotic use in sore throat. AIM: To determine the symptomatic outcome of acute sore throat in adults according to antibiotic prescription strategy in routine care. DESIGN AND SETTING: A secondary analysis of the DESCARTE (Decision rule for the Symptoms and Complications of Acute Red Throat in Everyday practice) prospective cohort study comprising adults aged ≥16 years presenting with acute sore throat (≤2 weeks' duration) managed with treatment as usual in primary care in the UK...
September 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
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