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Kitiwan Rojnueangnit, Maria Descartes
Later-onset congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (LO-CCHS) does not present only breathing problems but can be present as episodic multiple organs involvement. Our unique case demonstrated LO-CCHS should be considered in the differential diagnosis of mitochondrial diseases and having nontypical polysomnography result.
March 2018: Clinical Case Reports
Elizabeth Urban
In this paper the author considers Descartes' place in current thinking about the mind-body dilemma. The premise here is that in the history of ideas, the questions posed can be as significant as the answers acquired. Descartes' paramount question was 'How do we determine certainty?' and his pursuit of an answer led to cogito ergo sum. His discovery simultaneously raised the question whether mind is separate from or unified with the body. Some who currently hold that brain and subjectivity are unified contend that the philosopher 'split' mind from body and refer to 'Descartes' error'...
April 2018: Journal of Analytical Psychology
Faisal Qazi, Don Fette, Syed S Jafri, Aasim I Padela
Famously posed by seventeenth-century French philosopher René Descartes, the mind-body problem remains unresolved in western philosophy and science, with both disciplines unable to move convincingly beyond the dualistic model. The persistence of dualism calls for a reframing of the problem through interdisciplinary modes of inquiry that include non-western points of view. One such perspective is Islamic theology of the soul, which, while approaching the problem from a distinct point of view, also adopts a position commensurate with (substance) dualism...
March 5, 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
G Blaclard, H Vincenti, R Lehe, J L Vay
With the advent of petawatt class lasers, the very large laser intensities attainable on target should enable the production of intense high-order Doppler harmonics from relativistic laser-plasma mirror interactions. At present, the modeling of these harmonics with particle-in-cell (PIC) codes is extremely challenging as it implies an accurate description of tens to hundreds of harmonic orders on a broad range of angles. In particular, we show here that due to the numerical dispersion of waves they induce in vacuum, standard finite difference time domain (FDTD) Maxwell solvers employed in most PIC codes can induce a spurious angular deviation of harmonic beams potentially degrading simulation results...
September 2017: Physical Review. E
Daniel Abramowicz, Rainer Oberbauer, Uwe Heemann, Ondrej Viklicky, Licia Peruzzi, Christophe Mariat, Marta Crespo, Klemens Budde, Gabriel C Oniscu
Transplantation medicine is a rapidly evolving field. Keeping afloat of the published literature to offer the best clinical care to our patients is a daunting task. As part of its educational mission, the Descartes advisory board identified seven topics in kidney transplantation where there has been substantial progresses over the last years: kidney allocation within Eurotransplant; kidney exchange strategies; kidney machine perfusion strategies; the changing landscape of anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies; the new immunosuppressive drugs in the pipeline; strategies for immunosuppression minimization; and the continuous enigma of focal segmental glomerular sclerosis recurrence after transplantation...
January 12, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Robert E Clark
Here, I provide a basic history of important milestones in the development of theories for how the brain accomplishes the phenomenon of learning and memory. Included are the ideas of Plato, René Descartes, Théodule Ribot, William James, Ivan Pavlov, John Watson, Karl Lashley, and others. The modern era of learning and memory research begins with the description of H.M. by Brenda Milner and the gradual discovery that the brain contains multiple learning and memory systems that are supported by anatomically discrete brain structures...
January 5, 2018: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
John Muench
Michael Balint's pioneering work in primary care was not simply the application of psychodynamic theory to the complex problems and relationships encountered by clinicians. Rather, Balint's work was part of a wider conversation in Western epistemology that had already begun to break down the enlightenment rationalist agenda. Since the time of Descartes, we sought to find certain truth through decontextualizing and abstracting problems, and through separation of the observer from the thing observed, with a focus on finding universal timeless laws that could be generalized...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Peter P Toth, Naveed Sattar, Dirk J Blom, Seth S Martin, Steven R Jones, Maria Laura Monsalvo, Mary Elliott, Mike Davis, Ransi Somaratne, David Preiss
The level of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) reflects the cholesterol carried mainly by low-density lipoprotein particles (LDL-P). LDL-C, however, does not always correlate with LDL-P because of the variable amounts of cholesterol per particle. Consideration of LDL-P concentrations in addition to LDL-C may help guide therapeutic decisions in a select number of patients. Evolocumab is a fully human monoclonal antibody directed against proprotein convertase subtilisin-kexin type 9 that lowers both LDL-C and cardiovascular events...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
Céline Buffel du Vaure, Cédric Lemogne, Lucie Bunge, Annie Catu-Pinault, Nicolas Hoertel, Christian Ghasarossian, Marie-Eve Vincens, Eric Galam, Philippe Jaury
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of Balint groups on empathy measured by the Consultation And Relational Empathy Measure (CARE) scale rated by standardized patients during objective structured clinical examination and self-rated Jefferson's School Empathy Scale - Medical Student (JSPE-MS©) among fourth-year medical students. METHODS: A two-site randomized controlled trial were planned, from October 2015 to December 2015 at Paris Diderot and Paris Descartes University, France...
December 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Jean-Michel Halimi, Alexandre Persu, Pantalis A Sarafidis, Michel Burnier, Daniel Abramowicz, Bénédicte Sautenet, Rainer Oberbauer, Francesca Mallamaci, Gérard London, Patrick Rossignol, Grégoire Wuerzner, Bruno Watschinger, Carmine Zoccali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Hypertension
Kuno Kirschfeld
Ever since the days of René Descartes, in the seventeenth century, the search for the relationship between subjective perception and neural activity has been an ongoing challenge. In neuroscience, an approach to the problem via the visual system has produced a paradigm using perceptual suppression, changing with time. Cortical areas in which the neural activity was modulated in temporal correlation with this percept could be traced. Although these areas may lead directly to perception, such temporal correlation of neural activity does not suffice as ultimate proof that they actually do so...
October 25, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
James A Lock
This study is concerned with the formation of high-order rainbows by near-grazing light incident on a spherical particle. As the number of internal reflections involved increases, the incident Descartes ray strikes the sphere surface increasingly closer to its edge, where the predictions of ray theory and Airy theory become invalid. The deflection angle of the confluence of the stationary points of the phase of the partial wave scattering amplitudes is studied as a function of rainbow order and sphere radius...
July 1, 2017: Applied Optics
Michael Moore, Beth Stuart, Fd Richard Hobbs, Chris C Butler, Alastair D Hay, John Campbell, Brendan C Delaney, Sue Broomfield, Paula Barratt, Kerenza Hood, Hazel Everitt, Mark Mullee, Ian Williamson, David Mant, Paul Little
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend 10-day treatment courses for acute sore throat, but shorter courses may be used in practice. AIM: To determine whether antibiotic duration predicts adverse outcome of acute sore throat in adults in routine care. DESIGN AND SETTING: A secondary analysis of the DESCARTE (Decision rule for the Symptoms and Complications of Acute Red Throat in Everyday practice) prospective cohort study of 12 829 adults presenting in UK general practice with acute sore throat...
September 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
Ruth Victoria Pritchett, Amanda J Daley, Kate Jolly
BACKGROUND: There is currently no specific guidance on the role of exercise in managing postpartum depression in the UK and US, and international guidance is inconsistent. AIM: To assess the effectiveness of aerobic exercise on postpartum depressive symptoms. DESIGN AND SETTING: Systematic review and meta-analysis. There was no restriction to study site or setting. METHOD: The databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, SportDiscus, Clinical Trials...
August 14, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
Melissa Lo
Throughout his Essais (1637), Descartes appropriated the visual language of practical mathematics in order to forge a new natural philosophy. This article argues that by grafting geometric line onto descriptive figure, the philosopher and his illustrator, Frans van Schooten Jr., underscored doubts about a natural philosophy based on qualities, all the while situating his new epistemology in the 17th-century present and exercising a deep attention to the differences between nature seen, nature pictured, and nature understood...
2017: Journal of the History of Ideas
Hicham Ezzat, Anaëlle Camarda, Mathieu Cassotti, Marine Agogué, Olivier Houdé, Benoît Weil, Pascal Le Masson
The fixation effect is known as one of the most dominant of the cognitive biases against creativity and limits individuals' creative capacities in contexts of idea generation. Numerous techniques and tools have been established to help overcome these cognitive biases in various disciplines ranging from neuroscience to design sciences. Several works in the developmental cognitive sciences have discussed the importance of inhibitory control and have argued that individuals must first inhibit the spontaneous ideas that come to their mind so that they can generate creative solutions to problems...
2017: PloS One
Caroline Magna Pessoa Chaves, Carolina Martins Bezerra, Francisca Elisângela Teixeira Lima, Maria Vera Lúcia Moreira Leitão Cardoso, Said Gonçalves da Cruz Fonseca, Viviane Martins da Silva
OBJECTIVE: Quantifying residual volume contained in vials of antibiotics used in pediatrics. METHOD: This is an experiment involving samples from vials of antibiotics used in a pediatric hospital. Residual volume was identified by calculating the difference in weight measurement before and after the vials were washed. Evaluation of the residual volume difference in the vials was determined by the Wilcoxon non-parametric test for a sample and established at a significance level of 5%...
June 12, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Lita Aeder, Lisa Altshuler, Elizabeth Kachur, Ingrid Walker-Descartes
BACKGROUND: Unprofessional behaviour can interfere with patient care. Empowering trainees to address each other's unprofessional behaviour can help address a larger number of incidents that may not be witnessed by supervisors, as well as promote a culture of professionalism in a teaching programme. The goal of the study was to teach trainees to effectively address observed unprofessional behaviour and to assess the impact of this exercise on the percentage of cases directly addressed, reported or ignored 6-12 months after the initial training...
June 14, 2017: Clinical Teacher
Charlier Philippe, Huynh-Charlier Isabelle, Froesch Philippe, Shorto Russell, Benmoussa Nadia, Froment Alain, Grimaud-Hervé Dominique, Deo Saudamini, Augias Anaïs, Albessard Lou, Balzeau Antoine
The skull of René Descartes is held in the National Museum of Natural History since the 19th c. Up to date, only anthropological examinations were carried out, focusing on the cranial capacity and phrenological interpretation of the skull morphology. Using CT-scan based 3D technology, a reconstruction of the endocast was performed, allowing for its first complete description and inter-disciplinary analysis: assessment of metrical and non-metrical features, retrospective diagnosis of anatomical anomalies, and confrontation with neuro-psychological abilities of this well-identified individual...
July 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Gilmara Holanda da Cunha, Raiza Verônica Almeida Barbosa, Marina Soares Monteiro Fontenele, Maria Amanda Correia Lima, Katia Barbosa Franco, Francisco Vagnaldo Fechine
Objective: To analyze the insulin therapy waste disposal produced in the households of people with diabetes mellitus (DM). Method: Cross-sectional study with 105 Primary Care patients. Socio-demographic and clinical variables and insulin therapy practice were analyzed through the absolute and relative frequencies, Fisher's exact test and prevalence ratio (PR). Results: The association between types of insulin (60.0%), administered with a disposable syringe attached to a needle (80...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
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