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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081557/student-led-intervention-to-innovate-hand-hygiene-practice-in-auckland-region-s-medical-students-the-no-hharms-study
#1
Nathanael Cc Lucas, Carl G Hume, Abdal Al-Chanati, William Diprose, Sally Roberts, Josh Freeman, Vernon Mogol, David Hoskins, Richard Hamblin, Chris Frampton, Warwick Bagg, Alan F Merry
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene is important in reducing healthcare-associated infections. The World Health Organization has defined 'five moments' when hand hygiene compliance is required. During 2013, New Zealand national data showed poor compliance with these moments by medical students. AIM: To improve medical students' compliance with the five moments. METHODS: In this prospective student-led quality improvement initiative, student investigators developed, implemented and evaluated a multi-modal intervention comprising a three-month social media campaign, a competition and an entertaining educational video...
January 13, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081555/new-zealand-rugby-health-study-motor-cortex-excitability-in-retired-elite-and-community-level-rugby-players
#2
Gwyn N Lewis, Patria A Hume, Verna Stavric, Scott R Brown, Denise Taylor
AIMS: Rugby union is a high contact sport in which players frequently experience brain injuries. Acute brain injury is associated with altered corticomotor function. However, it is uncertain if long-term exposure to rugby is associated with any alterations in corticomotor function. The aim of the study was to assess measures of corticomotor excitability and inhibition in retired rugby players in comparison to retired non-contact sport players. METHODS: The design was a cross-sectional study with three groups of retired athletes: elite rugby (n=23), community level rugby (n=28) and non-contact sport control (n=22)...
January 13, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063120/the-is-ought-problem-in-practical-ethics
#3
Georg Spielthenner
This article is concerned with the role empirical research can play in normative practical ethics. There is no doubt that ethical research requires some kind of collaboration between normative disciplines and empirical sciences. But many researchers hold that empirical science is only assigned a subordinate role, due to the doctrine that normative conclusions cannot be justified by descriptive premises. Scientists working in the field of ethics commonly hold, however, that the empirical sciences should play a much bigger role in ethical research...
January 6, 2017: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025774/-they-treat-you-a-different-way-public-insurance-stigma-and-the-challenge-to-quality-health-care
#4
Anna C Martinez-Hume, Allison M Baker, Hannah S Bell, Isabel Montemayor, Kristan Elwell, Linda M Hunt
Under the Affordable Care Act, Medicaid Expansion programs are extending Medicaid eligibility and increasing access to care. However, stigma associated with public insurance coverage may importantly affect the nature and content of the health care beneficiaries receive. In this paper, we examine the health care stigma experiences described by a group of low-income public insurance beneficiaries. They perceive stigma as manifest in poor quality care and negative interpersonal interactions in the health care setting...
December 26, 2016: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009196/dissipative-double-well-potential-for-cold-atoms-kramers-rate-and-stochastic-resonance
#5
Ion Stroescu, David B Hume, Markus K Oberthaler
We experimentally study particle exchange in a dissipative double-well potential using laser-cooled atoms in a hybrid trap. We measure the particle hopping rate as a function of barrier height, temperature, and atom number. Single-particle resolution allows us to measure rates over more than 4 orders of magnitude and distinguish the effects of loss and hopping. Deviations from the Arrhenius-law scaling at high barrier heights occur due to cold collisions between atoms within a well. By driving the system periodically, we characterize the phenomenon of stochastic resonance in the system response...
December 9, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000937/meta-analysis-of-operative-experiences-of-general-surgery-trainees-during-training
#6
REVIEW
E J Elsey, G Griffiths, D J Humes, J West
BACKGROUND: General surgical training curricula around the world set defined operative numbers to be achieved before completion of training. However, there are few studies reporting total operative experience in training. This systematic review aimed to quantify the published global operative experience at completion of training in general surgery. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched systematically for articles in any language relating to operative experience in trainees completing postgraduate general surgical training...
January 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943330/white-paper-on-natural-products
#7
Michael Gabay, Judith A Smith, Mary L Chavez, Micheline Goldwire, Scot Walker, Scott A Coon, Rena Gosser, Anne L Hume, Megan Musselman, Jennifer Phillips, Andrew M Abe
The American College of Clinical Pharmacy (ACCP) published an initial white paper on herbal products in 2000. Since then, the global market for natural products has continued to expand, with tens of millions of consumers using such products on an annual basis in the United States alone. However, despite this expansion, natural products remain largely unregulated compared with prescription medications, have moderate- to low-level clinical evidence for efficacy, and continue to have safety concerns, including adulteration and misbranding...
December 9, 2016: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926745/a-retrospective-examination-of-the-effect-of-diabetes-on-sensory-processing-in-older-adults
#8
Larry E Humes
Purpose: The purpose of this article is to examine retrospectively the impact of diabetes mellitus on auditory, visual, and tactile processing in older adults. Method: Fourteen (10.4%) of a sample of 135 older adults self-reported the presence of diabetes mellitus in a study of sensory and cognitive processing across the adult lifespan. In this study, the performance of the subgroup with diabetes on a number of psychophysical sensory-processing measures was compared with that of the 121 older adults without diabetes...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922886/bioengineered-renal-cell-therapy-device-for-clinical-translation
#9
Christopher J Pino, Angela J Westover, Deborah A Buffington, H David Humes
The Bioartificial Renal Epithelial Cell System (BRECS), is a cell-based device to treat acute kidney injury through renal cell therapy from an extracorporeal circuit. To enable widespread implementation of cell therapy, the BRECS was designed to be cryopreserved as a complete device, cryostored, cryoshipped to an end-use site, thawed as a complete device, and employed in a therapeutic extracorporeal hemofiltration circuit. This strategy overcomes storage and distribution issues that have been previous barriers to cell therapy...
December 2, 2016: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914446/speech-recognition-for-multiple-bands-implications-for-the-speech-intelligibility-index
#10
Larry E Humes, Gary R Kidd
The Speech Intelligibility Index (SII) assumes additivity of the importance of acoustically independent bands of speech. To further evaluate this assumption, open-set speech recognition was measured for words and sentences, in quiet and in noise, when the speech stimuli were presented to the listener in selected frequency bands. The filter passbands were constructed from various combinations of 20 bands having equivalent (0.05) importance in the SII framework. This permitted the construction of a variety of equal-SII band patterns that were then evaluated by nine different groups of young adults with normal hearing...
September 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897255/high-entropy-metal-diborides-a-new-class-of-high-entropy-materials-and-a-new-type-of-ultrahigh-temperature-ceramics
#11
Joshua Gild, Yuanyao Zhang, Tyler Harrington, Sicong Jiang, Tao Hu, Matthew C Quinn, William M Mellor, Naixie Zhou, Kenneth Vecchio, Jian Luo
Seven equimolar, five-component, metal diborides were fabricated via high-energy ball milling and spark plasma sintering. Six of them, including (Hf0.2Zr0.2Ta0.2Nb0.2Ti0.2)B2, (Hf0.2Zr0.2Ta0.2Mo0.2Ti0.2)B2, (Hf0.2Zr0.2Mo0.2Nb0.2Ti0.2)B2, (Hf0.2Mo0.2Ta0.2Nb0.2Ti0.2)B2, (Mo0.2Zr0.2Ta0.2Nb0.2Ti0.2)B2, and (Hf0.2Zr0.2Ta0.2Cr0.2Ti0.2)B2, possess virtually one solid-solution boride phase of the hexagonal AlB2 structure. Revised Hume-Rothery size-difference factors are used to rationalize the formation of high-entropy solid solutions in these metal diborides...
November 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884056/community-assets-and-capabilities-to-recruit-and-retain-gps-the-community-apgar-questionnaire-in-rural-victoria
#12
Daniel R Terry, Ed Baker, David F Schmitz
INTRODUCTION: Rural communities continue to experience significant challenges recruiting and retaining physicians. The Community Apgar Questionnaire (CAQ) was developed in Idaho in the USA to comprehensively assess the characteristics associated with successful recruitment and retention of rural physicians. The CAQ has been utilised and validated across the USA; however, its value in rural Australia has not been examined. The objective of this study was to use the CAQ in rural Australia to examine its utility and develop a greater understanding of the community factors that impact general practitioner (GP) recruitment and retention...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860413/development-of-a-wearable-bioartificial-kidney-using-the-bioartificial-renal-epithelial-cell-system-brecs
#13
Kimberly A Johnston, Angela J Westover, Alvaro Rojas-Pena, Deborah A Buffington, Christopher J Pino, Peter L Smith, H David Humes
Cell therapy for the treatment of renal failure in the acute setting has proved successful, with therapeutic impact, yet development of a sustainable, portable bioartificial kidney for treatment of chronic renal failure has yet to be realized. Challenges in maintaining an anticoagulated blood circuit, the typical platform for solute clearance and support of the biological components, have posed a major hurdle in advancement of this technology. This group has developed a Bioartificial Renal Epithelial Cell System (BRECS) capable of differentiated renal cell function while sustained by body fluids other than blood...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851390/1755-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-requiring-ecmo-case-report-and-review-of-elso-registry-data-and-literature
#14
Catherine Heith, Gwenyth Fischer, Marie Steiner, Janet Hume
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849127/commentary-on-the-regulatory-implications-of-noise-induced-cochlear-neuropathy
#15
Robert A Dobie, Larry E Humes
OBJECTIVE: A discussion on whether recent research on noise-induced cochlear neuropathy in rodents justifies changes in current regulation of occupational noise exposure. DESIGN: Informal literature review and commentary, relying on literature found in the authors' files. No formal literature search was performed. STUDY SAMPLE: Published literature on temporary threshold shift (TTS) and cochlear pathology, in humans and experimental animals, as well as the regulations of the US Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)...
November 16, 2016: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843432/corrigendum-auditory-and-cognitive-factors-underlying-individual-differences-in-aided-speech-understanding-among-older-adults
#16
Larry E Humes, Gary R Kidd, Jennifer J Lentz
[This corrects the article on p. 55 in vol. 7, PMID: 24098273.].
2016: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819007/an-immunomodulatory-device-improves-insulin-resistance-in-obese-porcine-model-of-metabolic-syndrome
#17
Angela J Westover, Kimberly A Johnston, Deborah A Buffington, H David Humes
Obesity is associated with tissue inflammation which is a crucial etiology of insulin resistance. This inflammation centers around circulating monocytes which form proinflammatory adipose tissue macrophages (ATM). Specific approaches targeting monocytes/ATM may improve insulin resistance without the adverse side effects of generalized immunosuppression. In this regard, a biomimetic membrane leukocyte processing device, called the selective cytopheretic device (SCD), was evaluated in an Ossabaw miniature swine model of insulin resistance with metabolic syndrome...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811811/harpacticoid-copepods-their-symbiotic-associations-and-biogenic-substrata-a-review
#18
Rony Huys
Members of the order Harpacticoida are primarily free-living and benthic but some lineages have adopted alternative modes of life which involve a major habitat shift or dependence on a host. Since the first discovery of a harpacticoid associated with an invertebrate host about 150 years ago, a total of 172 species, representing 84 genera and 17 families, have been shown to live in symbiotic partnership with other organisms. The steady addition of new taxa during the last 35 years testifies to the widespread and previously underestimated occurrence of symbiosis in the group...
October 11, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811786/preface-recent-developments-in-taxonomy-and-biodiversity-of-symbiotic-copepoda-crustacea-a-volume-in-celebration-of-the-career-of%C3%A2-prof-il-hoi-kim
#19
Rony Huys
Symbiosis is one of the most successful modes of life displayed by aquatic organisms, as measured by the number of times it evolved and how many symbiotic species are presently in existence. Among the Crustacea copepods utilize an extraordinary range of hosts, occurring on virtually every phylum of marine macroinvertebrates and, jointly with the monogeneans, are the most speciose group of metazoan ectoparasites of marine fishes (Rhode 2005). Several species have a major impact on global finfish and shellfish aquaculture, causing significant effects on farm production, economic viability and sustainability (Shinn et al...
October 11, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805435/professor-pete-kaiser-1964-2016
#20
Mark Stevens, Lonneke Vervelde, David Hume
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Avian Pathology: Journal of the W.V.P.A
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