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Joint replacement dog cat

Karen Perry
PRACTICAL RELEVANCE: The reported incidence of hip dysplasia (HD) in cats varies dramatically between studies, but the condition is likely more common than we realise. There is little doubt that cats with HD and associated osteoarthritis (OA) suffer pain, and this warrants appropriate therapy. DIAGNOSTIC CHALLENGES: Clinical signs of HD in cats are often gradual in onset, making them difficult to appreciate, but may include inactivity, pelvic limb lameness, difficulty jumping and climbing stairs, and reluctance to squat to defecate...
March 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Felipe A Vélez, Iván Enrique Laboy Ortíz, Reynaldo López, Alfredo Sánchez, Miguel Colón, José Hernán Martínez
Pasteurella multocida a small gram-negative coccobacilli is primarily found as normal flora of cats and dogs. These organisms can cause a variety of infections in humans, usually the result of scratches, bites and licks by percutaneous inoculation of the organism. Most cases of septic arthritis involve a cat or dog bite distal to the involved joint without direct penetrating injury to the joint. On scenarios were Pasteurella infection is suspected within a prosthetic joint, aggressive surgical debridement and/or removal of the prosthesis with intravenous antibiotics is recommended...
2014: Boletín de la Asociación Médica de Puerto Rico
Dasa Dolezalova, Marian Hruska-Plochan, Carsten R Bjarkam, Jens Christian H Sørensen, Miles Cunningham, David Weingarten, Joseph D Ciacci, Stefan Juhas, Jana Juhasova, Jan Motlik, Michael P Hefferan, Tom Hazel, Karl Johe, Cassiano Carromeu, Alysson Muotri, Jack Bui, Jan Strnadel, Martin Marsala
An important component for successful translation of cell replacement-based therapies into clinical practice is the utilization of large animal models to conduct efficacy and/or safety cell dosing studies. Over the past few decades, several large animal models (dog, cat, nonhuman primate) were developed and employed in cell replacement studies; however, none of these models appears to provide a readily available platform to conduct effective and large-scale preclinical studies. In recent years, numerous pig models of neurodegenerative disorders were developed using both a transgenic approach as well as invasive surgical techniques...
August 15, 2014: Journal of Comparative Neurology
Bala Subramanian, Edward Holloway, Robert Townsend, Paul Sutton
Pasteurella multocida is a small Gram-negative bacterium comprising part of the normal gastrointestinal and nasopharyngeal flora of domestic pets, such as dogs and cats. It rarely causes infection in humans. Previous reports of P multocida causing prosthetic joint infection have described either haematogenous spread of infection from a distant site through a scratch or bite, or reactivation of infection from a previous injury. We report a case of acute total knee arthroplasty joint infection becoming acutely infected by P multocida...
2013: BMJ Case Reports
I Miranda, M Angulo, J V Amaya
In the last 15 years only few cases of Pasteurella multocida (P. multocida) total knee arthroplasty infection have been published, mostly related to cat or dog bites or scratches. We report a case of P. multocida total knee arthroplasty infection in a 64-year- old patient, 10 days after being scratched and bitten by his cat. The patient was successfully treated with debridement and tibial interspacer exchange and antibiotic treatment for 6 weeks. Antimicrobial prophylaxis should be considered in cat or dog bites or scratches victims with prosthetic joints...
July 2013: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
J Ertelt, J Maierl, A Kaiser, U Matis
OBJECTIVE: Functional anatomical evaluation of elbow luxation in rabbits and the comparison of this lesion to cats and dogs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The relative frequency of elbow luxation and the most common direction of antebrachial bone dislocation in rabbits were compared catamnestically with data in dogs and cats. Goniometric evaluation of the range of motion of the elbow was carried out in 14 rabbits. This was followed by visualisation of the anatomical structures of cadaver elbows and measurement of the subchondral bone density of the elbow using computed tomographic osteoabsorptiometry in seven rabbits and seven cats...
2010: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
Dominic J Marino, Shadi J Ireifej, Catherine A Loughin
OBJECTIVE: To describe the surgical technique using power-assisted femoral preparation and clinical outcome in 41 dogs and 2 cats surgically treated with the micro total hip prosthesis. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series ANIMALS: Dogs (n = 41) and 2 cats METHODS: Medical records (January 2007-March 2010) of dogs and cats that had MicroTHR were reviewed. Data regarding implant position, cement mantle quality, concurrent surgery, intra- and postoperative complications, operative time, 3-week and 3-month recheck physical examinations, 3-month pelvic radiograph findings, and interval from surgery to any complication were retrieved...
January 2012: Veterinary Surgery: VS
W Off, U Matis
From 1978 to 1989, 132 dogs and 51 cats underwent femoral head and neck ostectomy at the Department of Veterinary Surgery, Ludwig-Maximilians University, Munich, Germany. Clinical and radiographic re-evaluations were carried out an average of four years postoperatively in 81 (44%) of the animals, and gait analysis was also done in 17. The functional results were rated good in 38% of patients, satisfactory in 20%, and poor in 42%. However 96% of the owners were satisfied with the results. Kinetic and kinematic measurements showed that although femoral head and neck resection alleviated pain, it resulted in functional deficits in small as well as large breed dogs...
2010: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
William D Liska
OBJECTIVE: To describe the surgical technique for the micro total hip replacement (Micro THR) system and report clinical outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. ANIMALS: Dogs (n=49) and cats (n=8) with coxofemoral arthropathy. METHODS: Small breed dogs and cats with coxofemoral arthritis were enrolled for Micro THR. Patient data were recorded. Implant positioning and cement mantle quality were evaluated radiographically...
October 2010: Veterinary Surgery: VS
John Heydemann, Jacob S Heydemann, Suresh Antony
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) infection are most commonly due Staphylococcus aureus followed by coagulase-negative staphylococci, and streptococci, while gram-negative rods are seldom isolated.(1,3,4) In the last 20 years, cases of Pasteurella multocida TKA and total hip arthroplasty (THA) infection resulting from cat and dog bites, scratches, or licks have been published reporting varying presentations and treatment options. Most commonly, P. multocida infected arthroplasties result in local tenderness, cellulitis, and purulent discharge followed by regional adenopathy, and in immunocompromised patients it may progress to septicemia, meningitis, and septic arthritis...
September 2010: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
A Noelle Larson, Raymund R Razonable, Arlen D Hanssen
We report the case of a 59-year-old man with Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia and active alcohol use who presented with bilateral knee pain 5 years after a bilateral staged TKA. Cultures of synovial fluid and periprosthetic tissue specimens from both knees yielded, after prolonged anaerobic incubation, a catalase- and oxidase-positive gram-negative bacillus, which was identified as Capnocytophaga canimorsus by 16S ribosomal RNA PCR analysis. C. canimorsus, an organism that is commonly found in dog and cat saliva, is a rare cause of various infections in immunocompromised and healthy individuals...
June 2009: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Michael Farrell, Davinia Draffan, Toby Gemmill, Dominic Mellor, Stuart Carmichael
OBJECTIVE: To assess the ability of an operator to differentiate intact from transected canine and feline elbow joint collateral ligaments (CL) using a reported manipulative test (Campbell's test) and to determine the potential for elbow joint luxation in canine and feline elbows with intact, transected, and surgically stabilized CL. STUDY DESIGN: In vitro biomechanical study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Canine (n=6) and feline cadavers (n=3). METHODS: Thoracic limb specimens were mounted on a custom-built jig with the elbows and carpi fixed in 90 degrees of flexion...
August 2007: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Calogera M Simonaro, Marina D'Angelo, Mark E Haskins, Edward H Schuchman
The mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are inherited metabolic disorders resulting from the defective catabolism of glycosaminoglycans. In this report, we find that the stimulation of MPS connective tissue cells by the inflammatory cytokines causes enhanced secretion of several matrix-degrading metalloproteinases (MMPs). In addition, expression of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 was elevated, consistent with the enhanced MMP activity. These findings were not restricted to one particular MPS disorder or species, and are consistent with previous observations in animal models with chemically induced arthritis...
May 2005: Pediatric Research
A Robinson
Prong-type tissue anchors were used in six dogs and one cat in a variety of orthopaedic procedures in order to aid repair and replacement of tendons and ligaments. All animals returned to normal function with minimal problems.
May 2000: Journal of Small Animal Practice
J W Bennett, A S Kapatkin, S M Marretta
Twenty-one mandibular fractures in 11 cats and 6 dogs were repaired during a 20-month period. A new technique using dental composite was used to stabilize the mandible. The canine teeth were pumiced, acid etched, and aligned with dental composite, leaving the mouth opened approximately 1 cm. Six weeks after surgery the composite was removed so that radiographs of the mandible could be made with the animal under general anesthesia. In 1 dog in which the fracture had not healed, the composite was replaced. The composite broke before 6 weeks in 8 animals; 2 required replacement of the dental composite...
May 1994: Veterinary Surgery: VS
G R Tremblay, C A Laurin, G Drovin
Prosthetic replacement of the anterior cruciate ligament has become very important because of the failure of late reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligament injuries. Models of prostheses have failed, because they have never met the functional, physiologic and biomechanical characteristics of the normal anterior cruciate ligament. Studying the biomechanical characteristics of the normal anterior cruciate ligament, we have found that normal cruciate ligaments have measurable strength, yield points and ultimate tensile strength and show remarkable elasticity...
March 1980: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
P Beauchamp, C A Laurin, J P Bailon
Recent clinical and experimental results in the prosthetic replacement of the anterior cruciate ligament are minimal and this fact has incited us to search for additional fundamental characteristics of natural and synthetic ligaments. The dissection of over 30 human knees (5 fresh and 27 embalmed specimens), of 50 dog knees and of 20 cat knees showed that the posterior cruciate ligament was longer and of bigger size than the anterior cruciate ligament. In dogs, the anatomo-radiological study showed a lenghtening of 14,4 p...
June 1979: Revue de Chirurgie Orthopédique et Réparatrice de L'appareil Moteur
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