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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931891/a-systematic-review-of-anxiety-prevalence-in-adults-within-primary-care-and-community-settings-in-malaysia
#1
Chin Hoong Wong, Zia U Bakt Sultan Shah, Cheong Lieng Teng, Tzi Quen Lin, Zainab Abdul Majeed, Chun Wai Chan
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are common mental health disorders with significant impact on the individual as well as burden on the country as a whole. METHODS: A systematic review of databases, reference lists, internet sources, and input from content experts revealed 42 studies that documented the prevalence of anxiety symptoms or disorders. 12 of these studies specifically evaluated anxiety disorders. RESULTS: 4 studies looked at the prevalence of anxiety disorders in the general population, whilst the remainder focused on selected population groups: university students (4 studies); substance abuse (3 studies); and victims of abuse (1 study)...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930939/guided-parent-delivered-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-childhood-anxiety-predictors-of-treatment-response
#2
Kerstin Thirlwall, Peter Cooper, Cathy Creswell
BACKGROUND: Guided Parent-delivered Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (GPD-CBT) is a brief, effective treatment for childhood anxiety disorders, however not all children respond favourably. AIMS: To examine predictors of response to GPD-CBT. METHODS: Parents of 125 children (7-12 years) with an anxiety disorder received GPD-CBT over 2.6 or 5.3h. Recovery was measured post treatment and six months later. RESULTS: Younger children and those with primary Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) improved more post treatment, but older children and those without primary GAD had better outcomes at six month follow up...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922722/topiramate-versus-carbamazepine-monotherapy-for-epilepsy-an-individual-participant-data-review
#3
REVIEW
Sarah J Nolan, Maria Sudell, Catrin Tudur Smith, Anthony G Marson
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a common neurological condition in which abnormal electrical discharges from the brain cause recurrent unprovoked seizures. It is believed that with effective drug treatment, up to 70% of individuals with active epilepsy have the potential to become seizure-free and go into long-term remission shortly after starting drug therapy, the majority of which may be able to achieve remission with a single antiepileptic drug (AED).The correct choice of first-line antiepileptic therapy for individuals with newly diagnosed seizures is of great importance...
December 6, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899087/paradoxical-physiological-responses-to-propranolol-in-a-rett-syndrome-patient-a-case-report
#4
P J Santosh, L Bell, K Lievesley, J Singh, F Fiori
BACKGROUND: Rett Syndrome (RTT), caused by a loss-of-function in the epigenetic modulator: X-linked methyl-CpG binding protein 2 (MeCP2), is a pervasive neurological disorder characterized by compromised brain functions, anxiety, severe mental retardation, language and learning disabilities, repetitive stereotyped hand movements and developmental regression. An imbalance in the sympathetic and the parasympathetic nervous system (dysautonomia) and the resulting autonomic storms is a frequent occurrence in patients with RTT...
November 29, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856421/impact-of-long-term-medical-conditions-on-the-outcomes-of-psychological-therapy-for-depression-and-anxiety
#5
Jaime Delgadillo, Alexander Dawson, Simon Gilbody, Jan R Böhnke
BACKGROUND: Long-term conditions often coexist with depression and anxiety. AIMS: To assess the effectiveness of stepped-care psychological therapies for patients with long-term conditions. METHOD: Data from 28 498 patients were analysed using regression to model depression (Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)) and anxiety (Generalised Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7)) outcomes. Post-treatment symptoms and effect sizes (d) were estimated for individuals with and without long-term conditions, controlling for covariates...
November 17, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830164/association-between-serum-c-reactive-protein-and-dsm-iv-generalized-anxiety-disorder-in-adolescence-findings-from-the-alspac-cohort
#6
Golam M Khandaker, Stanley Zammit, Glyn Lewis, Peter B Jones
BACKGROUND: Animal studies suggest a role of inflammation in the pathophysiology of anxiety, but human studies of inflammatory markers and anxiety disorders are scarce. We report a study of serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) from the general population-based ALSPAC birth cohort. METHODS: DSM-IV diagnosis of GAD was obtained from 5365 cohort members during face-to-face clinical assessment at age 16 years, of which 3392 also provided data on serum high sensitivity CRP levels...
October 2016: Neurobiology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809925/guided-self-help-interventions-for-mental-health-disorders-in-children-with-neurological-conditions-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Sophie Bennett, Isobel Heyman, Anna Coughtrey, Jess Simmonds, Sophia Varadkar, Terence Stephenson, Margaret DeJong, Roz Shafran
BACKGROUND: Rates of mental health disorders are significantly greater in children with physical illnesses than in physically well children. Children with neurological conditions, such as epilepsy, are known to have particularly high rates of mental health disorders. Despite this, mental health problems in children with neurological conditions have remained under-recognised and under-treated in clinical settings. Evidence-based guided self-help interventions are efficacious in reducing symptoms of mental health disorders in children, but their efficacy in reducing symptoms of common mental health disorders in children with neurological conditions has not been investigated...
November 4, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807315/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-generalised-anxiety-disorder-and-health-service-utilisation-among-chinese-patients-in-primary-care-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
S Ys Wong, W K Tang, S W Mercer, K Kung, W Ws Mak, S M Griffiths, T Mc Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798030/the-screen-icd-trial-screening-for-anxiety-and-cognitive-therapy-intervention-for-patients-with-implanted-cardioverter-defibrillator-icd-a-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#9
Selina Kikkenborg Berg, Margrethe Herning, Jesper Hastrup Svendsen, Anne Vinggaard Christensen, Lau Caspar Thygesen
INTRODUCTION: Previous research shows that patients with an implanted cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) have a fourfold increased mortality risk when suffering from anxiety compared with ICD patients without anxiety. This research supports the screening of ICD patients for anxiety with the purpose of starting relevant intervention. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Screen-ICD consists of 3 parts: (1) screening of all hospitalised and outpatient patients at two university hospitals using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), scores ≥8 are invited to participate...
October 21, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793838/cohort-profile-examining-neighbourhood-activities-in-built-living-environments-in-london-the-enable-london-olympic-park-cohort
#10
Bina Ram, Claire M Nightingale, Mohammed T Hudda, Venediktos V Kapetanakis, Anne Ellaway, Ashley R Cooper, Angie Page, Daniel Lewis, Steven Cummins, Billie Giles-Corti, Peter H Whincup, Derek G Cook, Alicja R Rudnicka, Christopher G Owen
PURPOSE: The Examining Neighbourhood Activities in Built Living Environments in London (ENABLE London) project is a natural experiment which aims to establish whether physical activity and other health behaviours show sustained changes among individuals and families relocating to East Village (formerly the London 2012 Olympics Athletes' Village), when compared with a control population living outside East Village throughout. PARTICIPANTS: Between January 2013 and December 2015, 1497 individuals from 1006 households were recruited and assessed (at baseline) (including 392 households seeking social housing, 421 seeking intermediate and 193 seeking market rent homes)...
October 28, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786426/a-systematic-review-of-the-prevalence-of-comorbid-mental-health-disorders-in-people-presenting-for-substance-use-treatment-in-australia
#11
Rosemary E F Kingston, Christina Marel, Katherine L Mills
ISSUES: The aim of this paper was to conduct a systematic review of the prevalence of comorbid mental health conditions in people accessing treatment for substance use in Australia. APPROACH: A systematic review identified studies meeting the following eligibility criteria: reporting original data published in English; sample presenting for substance use treatment in Australia; assessing the prevalence of mental health and substance use conditions and reporting the percentage of participants with co-occurring mental health and substance use conditions...
October 27, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771572/d-cycloserine-does-not-enhance-the-effects-of-in%C3%A2-vivo-exposure-among-young-people-with-broad-based-anxiety-disorders
#12
Ronald M Rapee, Michael P Jones, Jennifer L Hudson, Gin S Malhi, Heidi J Lyneham, Sophie C Schneider
Use of the partial NMDA receptor agonist d-Cycloserine (DCS) to increase extinction to feared cues among anxious adults has shown mixed, although overall positive effects. Few studies have extended this effect to youth and none have addressed young people with broad-based anxiety such as separation anxiety, social anxiety, or generalised anxiety. In the current trial 51 children and adolescents with diagnosed anxiety disorders, aged 7-14 years received four sessions of graduated, experimenter-led, in vivo exposure to a hierarchy of feared cues relevant to their primary fear...
October 18, 2016: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766114/poly-victimisation-and-health-risk-behaviours-symptoms-of-mental-health-problems-and-suicidal-thoughts-and-plans-among-adolescents-in-vietnam
#13
Minh T H Le, Sara Holton, Huong T Nguyen, Rory Wolfe, Jane Fisher
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence is available about poly-victimisation (exposure to multiple forms of victimisation) and mental health among adolescents in low and lower-middle-income countries. The aim of this study was to examine the associations between lifetime exposure to poly-victimisation, health risk behaviours, symptoms of common mental health problems and suicidal ideas in the previous year among high school students in Vietnam. METHODS: Participants were high school students in rural and urban districts of Hanoi, Vietnam...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741502/the-prevalence-of-depression-and-anxiety-disorders-in-indigenous-people-of-the-americas-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Steve Kisely, Karolina Katarzyna Alichniewicz, Emma B Black, Dan Siskind, Geoffrey Spurling, Maree Toombs
Indigenous populations are considered at higher risk of psychiatric disorder but many studies do not include direct comparisons with similar non-Indigenous controls. We undertook a meta-analysis of studies that compared the prevalence of depression and anxiety disorders in Indigenous populations in the Americas with those of non-Indigenous groups with similar socio-demographic features (Registration number: CRD42015025854). A systematic search of PubMed, Medline, PsycInfo, PsycArticles, ScienceDirect, EMBASE, and article bibliographies was performed...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733709/the-first-30-months-of-the-mindspot-clinic-evaluation-of-a-national-e-mental-health-service-against-project-objectives
#15
Nickolai Titov, Blake F Dear, Lauren G Staples, James Bennett-Levy, Britt Klein, Ronald M Rapee, Gerhard Andersson, Carol Purtell, Greg Bezuidenhout, Olav B Nielssen
OBJECTIVE: The MindSpot Clinic provides online mental health services to Australian adults with anxiety and depression. This paper describes users of MindSpot between January 2013 and June 2015. Outcomes are considered against three key objectives: improving access to mental health services, improving public awareness of how to access services and providing evidence-based treatments. METHOD: Website traffic data were examined to determine patterns of use. Demographic characteristics, past service utilisation and reasons for contacting MindSpot were analysed...
October 12, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703751/the-long-term-mental-health-impact-of-peacekeeping-prevalence-and-predictors-of-psychiatric-disorder
#16
David Forbes, Meaghan O'Donnell, Rachel M Brand, Sam Korn, Mark Creamer, Alexander C McFarlane, Malcolm R Sim, Andrew B Forbes, Graeme Hawthorne
BACKGROUND: The mental health outcomes of military personnel deployed on peacekeeping missions have been relatively neglected in the military mental health literature. AIMS: To assess the mental health impacts of peacekeeping deployments. METHOD: In total, 1025 Australian peacekeepers were assessed for current and lifetime psychiatric diagnoses, service history and exposure to potentially traumatic events (PTEs). A matched Australian community sample was used as a comparator...
January 2016: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665086/a-cluster-analysis-of-early-onset-in-common-anxiety-disorders
#17
A Schat, M S van Noorden, M J Noom, E J Giltay, N J A van der Wee, R de Graaf, M Ten Have, R R J M M Vermeiren, F G Zitman
Early onset is regarded as an important characteristic of anxiety disorders, associated with higher severity. However, previous findings diverge, as definitions of early onset vary and are often unsubstantiated. We objectively defined early onset in social phobia, panic disorder, agoraphobia, and generalised anxiety disorder, using cluster analysis with data gathered in the general population. Resulting cut-off ages for early onset were ≤22 (social phobia), ≤31 (panic disorder), ≤21 (agoraphobia), and ≤27 (generalised anxiety disorder)...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663114/examining-internet-delivered-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-on-haemodialysis-a-feasibility-open-trial
#18
Ramony Chan, Blake F Dear, Nick Titov, Josephine Chow, Michael Suranyi
OBJECTIVE: Treating depression among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is imperative because of its high prevalence and health-related costs. However, many patients with CKD experience significant barriers to effective face-to-face psychological treatments. Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (iCBT) may help overcome the treatment barriers. The aim of the present study was to explore the acceptability and preliminary efficacy of iCBT for depression and anxiety among patients with CKD on haemodialysis...
October 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663111/mental-disorder-in-limb-reconstruction-prevalence-associations-and-impact-on-work-disability
#19
L Rayner, A Simpson, F Matcham, S Shetty, O Lahoti, G Groom, M Hotopf
OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional survey aimed to assess the prevalence of depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and drug and alcohol dependence in a limb reconstruction population and examine associations with demographic and functional variables. METHODS: As part of routine clinical care, data were collected from 566 patients attending a tertiary referral centre for limb reconstruction between April 2012 and February 2016. Depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and alcohol and drug dependence were measured using standardised self-report screening tools...
October 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612943/the-mental-health-in-diabetes-service-minds-to-enhance-psychosocial-health-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Casey L O'Brien, Chantal F Ski, David R Thompson, Gaye Moore, Serafino Mancuso, Alicia Jenkins, Glenn Ward, Richard J MacIsaac, Margaret Loh, Simon R Knowles, Susan L Rossell, David J Castle
BACKGROUND: After a diagnosis of diabetes mellitus, people not only have to cope with the physical aspects and common complications that require daily self-management, they are also faced with ongoing psychosocial challenges. Subsequently they find themselves having to navigate the health system to engage multidisciplinary supports; the combination of these factors often resulting in reduced health-related quality of life. To maintain optimal diabetes control, interventions need to incorporate psychosocial supports and a skill base for disease management...
2016: Trials
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