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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669433/investigation-on-aetiological-factors-in-patients-with-hyperhidrosis
#1
Ayşe Akbaş, Fadime Kilinç
BACKGROUND: Hyperhidrosis is a condition where the amount of sweat released to skin surface increases due to the over-active eccrine sweat glands. Hyperhidrosis causes considerable psychosocial distress in affected people. It affects the quality of life and leads to social anxiety disorders. AIMS: No study has been conducted in our country to investigate the epidemiological, clinical and laboratory data of patients with hyperhidrosis. In this study, we aimed to retrospectively investigate the clinical and demographic characteristics, causes of sweating and laboratory findings in patients treated for hyperhidrosis at our outpatient clinic and to compare these data with the literature data...
April 18, 2018: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668725/comparison-of-mental-health-screening-tools-for-detecting-antenatal-depression-and-anxiety-disorders-in-south-african-women
#2
Thandi van Heyningen, Simone Honikman, Mark Tomlinson, Sally Field, Landon Myer
BACKGROUND: Antenatal depression and anxiety disorders are highly prevalent in low and middle-income countries. Screening of pregnant women in primary care antenatal settings provides an opportunity for entry to care, but data are needed on the performance of different screening tools. We compared five widely-used questionnaires in a sample of pregnant women in urban South Africa. METHOD: Pregnant women attending a primary care antenatal clinic were administered five tools by trained research assistants: the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), the Kessler Psychological Distress scale (K10) and a shortened 6-item version (K6), the Whooley questions and the two-item Generalised Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-2)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667288/a-brief-bedside-visual-art-intervention-decreases-anxiety-and-improves-pain-and-mood-in-patients-with-haematologic-malignancies
#3
J J Saw, E A Curry, S L Ehlers, P D Scanlon, B A Bauer, J Rian, D R Larson, A P Wolanskyj
Treatment of cancer-related symptoms represents a major challenge for physicians. The purpose of this pilot study was to determine whether a brief bedside visual art intervention (BVAI) facilitated by art educators improves mood, reduces pain and anxiety in patients with haematological malignancies. Thirty-one patients (21 women and 10 men) were invited to participate in a BVAI where the goal of the session was to teach art technique for ~30 min. Primary outcome measures included the change in visual analog scale, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule scale, from baseline prior to and immediately post-BVAI...
April 17, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626369/pilot-study-of-acupuncture-to-treat-anxiety-in-children-and-adolescents
#4
Brenda Leung, Wendy Takeda, Victoria Holec
AIM: This pilot study investigated the use of acupuncture in the treatment of paediatric anxiety. METHODS: Children with anxiety, aged 8-16, were randomised to either the acupuncture or waitlist control groups. Anxiety was measured using the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A) for children and adolescents with generalised anxiety disorder and Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children 2nd Edition (MASC-2) self-rated and parent-rated forms. RESULTS: Twenty participants were enrolled in the study and 19 completed all the questionnaires to be included in the analysis...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602138/the-effectiveness-of-mindfulness-meditation-for-nurses-and-nursing-students-an-integrated-literature-review
#5
REVIEW
Pamela van der Riet, Tracy Levett-Jones, Catherine Aquino-Russell
BACKGROUND: A growing body of literature has identified a range of beneficial physiological and psychological outcomes from the regular practice of mindfulness meditation. For healthcare professionals, mindfulness meditation is claimed to reduce stress, anxiety and burnout, and enhance resilience. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this integrative review was to critically appraise the literature that related to the effectiveness of mindfulness meditation programs for nurses and nursing students...
March 24, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593017/electroacupuncture-plus-standard-of-care-for-managing-refractory-functional-dyspepsia-protocol-of-a-pragmatic-trial-with-economic-evaluation
#6
Vincent C H Chung, Charlene H L Wong, Jessica Y L Ching, Wai Zhu Sun, Yan Li Ju, Sheung Sheung Hung, Wai Ling Lin, Ka Chun Leung, Samuel Y S Wong, Justin C Y Wu
INTRODUCTION: This trial proposes to compare the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of electroacupuncture (EA) plus on-demand gastrocaine with waiting list for EA plus on-demand gastrocaine in providing symptom relief and quality-of-life improvement among patients with functional dyspepsia (FD). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a single-centre, pragmatic, randomised parallel-group, superiority trial comparing the outcomes of (1) EA plus on-demand gastrocaine group and (2) waiting list to EA plus on-demand gastrocaine group...
March 27, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584734/comorbidity-health-pathways-in-heart-failure-patients-a-sequences-of-regressions-analysis-using-cross-sectional-data-from-10-575-patients-in-the-swedish-heart-failure-registry
#7
Claire A Lawson, Ivonne Solis-Trapala, Ulf Dahlstrom, Mamas Mamas, Tiny Jaarsma, Umesh T Kadam, Anna Stromberg
BACKGROUND: Optimally treated heart failure (HF) patients often have persisting symptoms and poor health-related quality of life. Comorbidities are common, but little is known about their impact on these factors, and guideline-driven HF care remains focused on cardiovascular status. The following hypotheses were tested: (i) comorbidities are associated with more severe symptoms and functional limitations and subsequently worse patient-rated health in HF, and (ii) these patterns of association differ among selected comorbidities...
March 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566425/cognitive-behavioural-interventions-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-in-adults
#8
REVIEW
Pablo Luis Lopez, Fernando Manuel Torrente, Agustín Ciapponi, Alicia Graciela Lischinsky, Marcelo Cetkovich-Bakmas, Juan Ignacio Rojas, Marina Romano, Facundo F Manes
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a developmental condition characterised by symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity, along with deficits in executive function, emotional regulation and motivation. The persistence of ADHD in adulthood is a serious clinical problem.ADHD significantly affects social interactions, study and employment performance.Previous studies suggest that cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) could be effective in treating adults with ADHD, especially when combined with pharmacological treatment...
March 23, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561204/safety-and-efficacy-of-maintenance-ketamine-treatment-in-patients-with-treatment-refractory-generalised-anxiety-and-social-anxiety-disorders
#9
Paul Glue, Shona M Neehoff, Natalie J Medlicott, Andrew Gray, Guy Kibby, Neil McNaughton
OBJECTIVE: In this maintenance treatment study, we sought to evaluate the effect on anxiety ratings, safety and tolerability of 3 months of weekly ketamine in 20 patients with treatment-refractory DSM IV generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) and/or social anxiety disorder (SAD), and subsequent assessment of remission post-treatment. METHODS: This was an uncontrolled open-label study in 20 patients who had been responders in an ascending dose ketamine study. The study was undertaken in a university clinic...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549751/attention-avoidance-of-the-threat-conditioned-stimulus-during-extinction-increases-physiological-arousal-generalisation-and-retention
#10
Karina R O'Malley, Allison M Waters
Exposure therapy is a key component of efficacious treatment for anxiety. Biases in the allocation of attention towards versus away from threat assessed prior to exposure-based treatments such as cognitive-behavioural therapy differentially predict treatment outcomes. However, it is unclear whether monitoring versus avoiding threat stimuli influences learning during exposure. Extinction paradigms are the experimental analogue of exposure therapy. Therefore, manipulating attention towards versus away from threat during extinction trials may shed light on the role of attention during exposure therapy...
March 6, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543862/the-utility-of-the-diabetes-anxiety-depression-scale-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-the-fremantle-diabetes-study-phase-ii
#11
Wendy A Davis, David G Bruce, Milan Dragovic, Timothy M E Davis, Sergio E Starkstein
BACKGROUND: Previous research using latent class analysis (LCA) identified classes of people with type 2 diabetes and specific profiles of depression and anxiety. Since LCA-derived anxious depression strongly predicts cardiovascular outcomes and mortality but cannot be applied to individuals, we developed a validated combined depression-anxiety metric, the Diabetes Anxiety Depression Scale (DADS), for potential clinical application in people with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: 1,337 participants with type 2 diabetes from the observational community-based Fremantle Diabetes Study Phase II completed the Patient Health Questionnaire 9-item version (PHQ-9) to assess symptoms of depression, and the Generalised Anxiety Disorder Scale (GADS) to assess symptoms of anxiety...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530906/influence-of-military-component-and-deployment-related-experiences-on-mental-disorders-among-canadian-military-personnel-who-deployed-to-afghanistan-a-cross-sectional-survey
#12
David Boulos, Deniz Fikretoglu
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to explore differences in mental health problems (MHP) between serving Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) components (Regular Force (RegF); Reserve Force (ResF)) with an Afghanistan deployment and to assess the contribution of both component and deployment experiences to MHP using covariate-adjusted prevalence difference estimates. Additionally, mental health services use (MHSU) was descriptively assessed among those with a mental disorder. DESIGN: Data came from the 2013 CAF Mental Health Survey, a cross-sectional survey of serving personnel (n=72 629)...
March 12, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530372/characteristics-and-correlates-of-sleep-duration-daytime-napping-snoring-and-insomnia-symptoms-among-0-5-million-chinese-men-and-women
#13
Yiping Chen, Christiana Kartsonaki, Robert Clarke, Yu Guo, Canqing Yu, Zheng Bian, Qilian Jiang, Shanpeng Li, Junshi Chen, Liming Li, Zhengming Chen
BACKGROUND: Inadequate sleep duration and insomnia can affect both physical and mental health. There is limited evidence, however, on characteristics and correlates of sleep patterns and insomnia in urban and rural China. METHODS: This cross-sectional study, involving 512,891 adults aged 30-79 years from ten (five urban and five rural) diverse areas in China, recorded detailed information, using interviewer-administered laptop-based questionnaires, on sleep patterns (duration, daytime napping and snoring) and insomnia symptoms...
April 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525447/-epidemiology-and-associated-factors-with-depression-among-people-suffering-from-epilepsy-a-transversal-french-study-in-a-tertiary-center
#14
C Vallée, A Biraben, A Nica, M Loiseau
OBJECTIVES: The occurrence of depression in people with epilepsy is almost twice as common as in the general population. Furthermore, depression is the first cause of lower quality of life among those patients. Which is why the main goal of this study was to assess the epidemiology of depression and its associated factors among the patients from the tertiary department of epileptology in Rennes. METHODS/RESULTS: The subjects were included prospectively and consecutively at the moment of their consultation or hospitalisation in the department...
March 7, 2018: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523571/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-cbt-for-renal-fatigue-bref-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial-of-cbt-for-the-management-of-fatigue-in-haemodialysis-hd-patients
#15
Federica Picariello, Rona Moss-Morris, Iain C Macdougall, Sam Norton, Maria Da Silva-Gane, Ken Farrington, Hope Clayton, Joseph Chilcot
INTRODUCTION: Fatigue is one of the most common and disabling symptoms in end-stage kidney disease, particularly among in-centre haemodialysis patients. This two-arm parallel group feasibility randomised controlled trial will determine whether a fully powered efficacy trial is achievable by examining the feasibility of recruitment, acceptability and potential benefits of a cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT)-based intervention for fatigue among in-centre haemodialysis patients. METHODS: We aim to recruit 40 adult patients undergoing in-centre haemodialysis at secondary care outpatient dialysis units, who meet clinical levels of fatigue...
March 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520926/the-impact-of-treatment-delivery-format-on-response-to-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-preadolescent-children-with-anxiety-disorders
#16
Anna McKinnon, Robert Keers, Jonathan R I Coleman, Kathryn J Lester, Susanna Roberts, Kristian Arendt, Susan M Bögels, Peter Cooper, Cathy Creswell, Catharina A Hartman, Krister W Fjermestad, Tina In-Albon, Kristen Lavallee, Heidi J Lyneham, Patrick Smith, Richard Meiser-Stedman, Maaike H Nauta, Ronald M Rapee, Yasmin Rey, Silvia Schneider, Wendy K Silverman, Mikael Thastum, Kerstin Thirlwall, Gro Janne Wergeland, Thalia C Eley, Jennifer L Hudson
BACKGROUND: Several delivery formats of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for child anxiety have been proposed, however, there is little consensus on the optimal delivery format. The primary goal of this study was to investigate the impact of the child's primary anxiety diagnosis on changes in clinical severity (of the primary problem) during individual CBT, group CBT and guided parent-led CBT. The secondary goal was to investigate the impact of the child's primary anxiety diagnosis on rates of remission for the three treatment formats...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520540/co-occurring-internalizing-and-externalizing-psychopathology-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-network-approach
#17
Eoin McElroy, Mark Shevlin, Jamie Murphy, Orla McBride
The network approach suggests that psychopathology arises from complex associations between symptoms and may offer insight into the mechanisms that underpin psychiatric comorbidities. The transition from childhood to adolescence is a key period in the development of psychopathology, yet has rarely been considered from a network perspective. As such, the present study examined the network structure of internalizing and externalizing psychopathology from middle childhood through adolescence using data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC; n = 4405)...
March 8, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510352/affron-%C3%A2-a-standardised-extract-from-saffron-crocus-sativus-l-for-the-treatment-of-youth-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#18
Adrian L Lopresti, Peter D Drummond, Antonio M Inarejos-García, Marin Prodanov
BACKGROUND: Saffron has antidepressant and anxiolytic effects in adults with mild-to-moderate depression. However, this is the first study examining its mood-related effects in teenagers. METHODS: In this 8-week, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, youth aged 12-16 years, with mild-to-moderate anxiety or depressive symptoms were given tablets containing placebo or a saffron extract (affron® , 14 mg b.i.d). The youth and parent versions of the Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale (RCADS) were used as outcome measures...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499738/personal-wellbeing-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-association-with-ptsd-symptoms-during-and-following-treatment
#19
David Berle, Dominic Hilbrink, Clare Russell-Williams, Rachael Kiely, Laura Hardaker, Natasha Garwood, Anne Gilchrist, Zachary Steel
BACKGROUND: It remains unclear to what extent treatment-related gains in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms translate to improvements in broader domains of personal wellbeing, such as community connectedness, life achievement and security. We sought to determine whether: 1. personal wellbeing improves during the course of a treatment program and 2. changes in core symptom domains (PTSD, anxiety and depression) were associated with improvements in overall personal wellbeing...
March 2, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499675/digital-iapt-the-effectiveness-cost-effectiveness-of-internet-delivered-interventions-for-depression-and-anxiety-disorders-in-the-improving-access-to-psychological-therapies-programme-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-control-trial
#20
Derek Richards, Daniel Duffy, Brid Blackburn, Caroline Earley, Angel Enrique, Jorge Palacios, Matthew Franklin, Gabriella Clarke, Sarah Sollesse, Sarah Connell, Ladislav Timulak
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are common mental health disorders worldwide. The UK's Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) programme is part of the National Health Service (NHS) designed to provide a stepped care approach to treating people with anxiety and depressive disorders. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is widely used, with computerised and internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (cCBT and iCBT, respectively) being a suitable IAPT approved treatment alternative for step 2, low- intensity treatment...
March 2, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
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