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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319692/development-and-properties-of-a-brief-scale-to-assess-intimate-partner-relationship-in-the-postnatal-period
#1
Karen Wynter, Thach Duc Tran, Heather Rowe, Jane Fisher
BACKGROUND: Poor quality intimate partner relationship is associated with postnatal depression and anxiety among women. Existing scales assessing the quality of this relationship are long and measure stable aspects of the relationship rather than specific behaviours which may respond to targeted interventions. The aim was to develop and investigate the properties of a brief, life stage-specific scale to assess potentially modifiable partner behaviours in the postpartum period. METHODS: Participants were primiparous women from diverse geographical and socio-economic backgrounds in Victoria, Australia...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319423/silexan-does-not-cause-withdrawal-symptoms-even-when-abruptly-discontinued
#2
M Gastpar, W E Müller, H P Volz, H J Möller, S Schläfke, A Dienel, S Kasper
OBJECTIVE: Subsequent to a randomised, double-blind, double dummy clinical trial assessing the efficacy of silexan compared to placebo and paroxetine in patients suffering from generalised anxiety disorder (GAD), a 1week follow-up phase was added in order to assess possible withdrawal symptoms of silexan after abrupt discontinuation. METHODS: Participants received silexan 80 mg/d, silexan 160 mg/d, paroxetine 20 mg/d, or placebo at a ratio of 1:1:1:1. Study medication was discontinued after the 10 week active treatment phase of the original trial...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317414/anxiety-depression-and-the-suicidal-spectrum-a-latent-class-analysis-of-overlapping-and-distinctive-features
#3
Matthew C Podlogar, Megan L Rogers, Ian H Stanley, Melanie A Hom, Bruno Chiurliza, Thomas E Joiner
Anxiety and depression diagnoses are associated with suicidal thoughts and behaviours. However, a categorical understanding of these associations limits insight into identifying dimensional mechanisms of suicide risk. This study investigated anxious and depressive features through a lens of suicide risk, independent of diagnosis. Latent class analysis of 97 depression, anxiety, and suicidality-related items among 616 psychiatric outpatients indicated a 3-class solution, specifically: (1) a higher suicide-risk class uniquely differentiated from both other classes by high reported levels of depression and anxious arousal; (2) a lower suicide-risk class that reported levels of anxiety sensitivity and generalised worry comparable to Class 1, but lower levels of depression and anxious arousal; and (3) a low to non-suicidal class that reported relatively low levels across all depression and anxiety measures...
March 20, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302701/prevalence-of-antenatal-and-postnatal-anxiety-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Cindy-Lee Dennis, Kobra Falah-Hassani, Rahman Shiri
BackgroundMaternal anxiety negatively influences child outcomes. Reliable estimates have not been established because of varying published prevalence rates.AimsTo establish summary estimates for the prevalence of maternal anxiety in the antenatal and postnatal periods.MethodWe searched multiple databases including MEDLINE, Embase, and PsycINFO to identify studies published up to January 2016 with data on the prevalence of antenatal or postnatal anxiety. Data were extracted from published reports and any missing information was requested from investigators...
March 16, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298261/efficacy-and-safety-of-agomelatine-10-or-25-mg-day-in-non-depressed-out-patients-with-generalized-anxiety-disorder-a-12-week-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#5
Dan J Stein, Antti Ahokas, Marek Jarema, Alla S Avedisova, Livia Vavrusova, Oleg Chaban, Céline Gruget, Valérie Olivier, Françoise Picarel-Blanchot, Christian de Bodinat
Agomelatine is efficacious in reducing symptoms and preventing relapse in placebo-controlled trials in generalised anxiety disorder (GAD). Nevertheless, fixed dose studies of agomelatine in GAD have not been undertaken. To determine the minimally effective optimal dose of agomelatine in GAD, the efficacy of two doses of agomelatine (10 and 25mg/day) was investigated in a 12-week, placebo-controlled, double-blind, international study in patients with a primary diagnosis of GAD. The primary outcome measure was the Hamilton Anxiety scale (HAM-A)...
March 12, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298187/icanadapt-early-protocol-randomised-controlled-trial-rct-of-clinician-supervised-transdiagnostic-internet-delivered-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-icbt-for-depression-and-or-anxiety-in-early-stage-cancer-survivors-vs-treatment-as-usual
#6
M J Murphy, J M Newby, P Butow, L Kirsten, K Allison, S Loughnan, M A Price, J Shaw, H Shepherd, J Smith, G Andrews
BACKGROUND: This RCT with two parallel arms will evaluate the efficacy of an internet-delivered transdiagnostic cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT) intervention for the treatment of clinical depression and/or anxiety in early stage cancer survivors. METHODS/DESIGN: Early stage cancer survivors will be recruited via the research arm of a not-for-profit clinical research unit and randomised to an intervention (iCBT) group or a 'treatment as usual' (TAU) control group...
March 15, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290469/longitudinal-employment-outcomes-of-an-early-intervention-vocational-rehabilitation-service-for-people-admitted-to-rehabilitation-with-a-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury
#7
G Hilton, C A Unsworth, G C Murphy, M Browne, J Olver
STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort design. OBJECTIVES: First, to explore the longitudinal outcomes for people who received early intervention vocational rehabilitation (EIVR); second, to examine the nature and extent of relationships between contextual factors and employment outcomes over time. SETTING: Both inpatient and community-based clients of a Spinal Community Integration Service (SCIS). METHODS: People of workforce age undergoing inpatient rehabilitation for traumatic spinal cord injury were invited to participate in EIVR as part of SCIS...
March 14, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283563/a-rapid-subcortical-amygdala-route-for-faces-irrespective-of-spatial-frequency-and-emotion
#8
Jessica McFadyen, Martial Mermillod, Jason B Mattingley, Veronika Halász, Marta I Garrido
There is significant controversy over the existence and function of a direct subcortical visual pathway to the amygdala. It is thought that this pathway rapidly transmits low spatial frequency information to the amygdala independently of the cortex and yet the directionality of this function has never been determined. We used magnetoencephalography to measure neural activity while human participants discriminated the gender of neutral and fearful faces filtered for low or high spatial frequencies. We applied dynamic causal modelling to demonstrate that the most likely underlying neural network consisted of a pulvinar-amygdala connection that was uninfluenced by spatial frequency or emotion, and a cortical-amygdala connection that conveyed high spatial frequencies...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277857/usefulness-of-self-report-questionnaires-for-psychological-assessment-of-patients-with-tinnitus-and-hyperacusis-and-patients-views-of-the-questionnaires
#9
Hashir Aazh, Brian C J Moore
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the relevance and applicability of psychological questionnaires to patients seeking help for tinnitus and/or hyperacusis. DESIGN: This was a questionnaire-based survey. The following questionnaires were administered: Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7), Short Health Anxiety Inventory (SHAI), Mini-Social Phobia Inventory (Mini-SPIN), Obsessive Compulsive Inventory-Revised (OCI-R), Panic Disorder Severity Scale-Self Report (PDSS-SR), Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and Penn State Worry Questionnaire-Abbreviated version (PSWQ-A)...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274333/smoking-and-common-mental-disorders-in-patients-with-chronic-conditions-an-analysis-of-data-collected-via-a-web-based-screening-system
#10
Faith Matcham, Amy Carroll, Natali Chung, Victoria Crawford, James Galloway, Anna Hames, Karina Jackson, Clare Jacobson, Dulka Manawadu, Lance McCracken, John Moxham, Lauren Rayner, Deborah Robson, Anna Simpson, Nicky Wilson, Matthew Hotopf
OBJECTIVE: Smoking is the largest preventable cause of death and disability in the UK and remains pervasive in people with mental disorders and in general hospital patients. We aimed to quantify the prevalence of mental disorders and smoking, examining associations between mental disorders and smoking in patients with chronic physical conditions. METHOD: Data were collected via routine screening systems implemented across two London NHS Foundation Trusts. The prevalence of mental disorder, current smoking, nicotine dependence and wanting help with quitting smoking were quantified, and the relationships between mental disorder and smoking were examined, adjusting for age, gender and physical illness, with multiple regression models...
March 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259062/the-association-between-parents-ratings-of-asd-symptoms-and-anxiety-in-a-sample-of-high-functioning-boys-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#11
Vicki Bitsika, Christopher F Sharpley
BACKGROUND: The relationship between symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is complex and sometimes confounding. However, exploration of that relationship has significant potential to assist in treatment or avoidance of GAD by identifying ASD-related behaviours as 'targets' for intervention with anxious children as well as for preventative treatments that could be implemented into daily routines before children become anxious. To further understanding of this relationship, the association between parent-ratings of their sons' ASD symptoms and GAD symptoms was investigated in two samples of boys with high-functioning ASD...
March 1, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252237/neurobiological-and-psychological-evidence-of-chronic-stress-in-prostate-cancer-patients
#12
C F Sharpley, D R H Christie, V Bitsika, L L Agnew, N M Andronicos, M E McMillan, T M Richards
To measure the prevalence and severity of Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD), hypo- and hypercortisolaemia, and their association in a sample of prostate cancer (PCa) patients, 97 Australian PCa patients completed a background questionnaire and the GAD-7, and provided a sample of saliva collected 30-45 min after waking. The mean GAD7 score was 9.67 (SD = 3.09), and prevalence rates for current anxiety were higher than those reported for non-PCa males of a similar age. Mean salivary cortisol concentrations (30...
March 2, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248154/collaborative-care-and-active-surveillance-for-screen-positive-elders-with-subthreshold-depression-casper-a-multicentred-randomised-controlled-trial-of-clinical-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness
#13
Helen Lewis, Joy Adamson, Katie Atherton, Della Bailey, Jacqueline Birtwistle, Katharine Bosanquet, Emily Clare, Jaime Delgadillo, David Ekers, Deborah Foster, Rhian Gabe, Samantha Gascoyne, Lesley Haley, Rebecca Hargate, Catherine Hewitt, John Holmes, Ada Keding, Amanda Lilley-Kelly, Jahnese Maya, Dean McMillan, Shaista Meer, Jodi Meredith, Natasha Mitchell, Sarah Nutbrown, Karen Overend, Madeline Pasterfield, David Richards, Karen Spilsbury, David Torgerson, Gemma Traviss-Turner, Dominic Trépel, Rebecca Woodhouse, Friederike Ziegler, Simon Gilbody
BACKGROUND: Efforts to reduce the burden of illness and personal suffering associated with depression in older adults have focused on those with more severe depressive syndromes. Less attention has been paid to those with mild disorders/subthreshold depression, but these patients also suffer significant impairments in their quality of life and level of functioning. There is currently no clear evidence-based guidance regarding treatment for this patient group. OBJECTIVES: To establish the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a low-intensity intervention of collaborative care for primary care older adults who screened positive for subthreshold depression...
February 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243397/effect-of-fluoxetine-administration-on-clinical-and-echocardiographic-findings-in-patients-with-mitral-valve-prolapse-and-generalized-anxiety-disorder-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Reza Jafarzadeh Esfehani, Homan Kamranian, Majid Jalalyazdi
BACKGROUND: Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is accompanied by mental disorders including anxiety, which has similar presentations as MVP. It is hypothesised that treatment of anxiety might reduce the symptoms of MVP. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the clinical and echocardiographic effects of fluoxetine administration in patients with MVP and anxiety. METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted on patients with documented MVP and generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) who were referred to Mashhad University of Medical Sciences cardiology clinics, Mashhad, Iran in 2015...
January 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223059/fear-of-future-terrorism-associated-psychiatric-burden
#15
T Abiola, O Udofia, T L Sheikh, D A Yusuf
BACKGROUND: The mental health burden from fear of future terrorism has not been given much research attention compared to the immediate mental distress such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Such neglected ongoing mental health morbidity associated with threats of terrorism had been described as pre-traumatic stress syndrome (PTSS). OBJECTIVE: The study highlighted this phenomenon (PTSS) in Nigeria by examining the catastrophic burden of the fear of future terrorism and associated psychiatric burden among adult population in Kaduna city...
February 4, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216786/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-management-of-generalised-anxiety-disorder-gad-and-panic-disorder-pd
#16
Shiv Gautam, Akhilesh Jain, Manaswi Gautam, Vihang N Vahia, Anita Gautam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215661/post-deployment-screening-for-mental-disorders-and-tailored-advice-about-help-seeking-in-the-uk-military-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Roberto J Rona, Howard Burdett, Mizanur Khondoker, Melanie Chesnokov, Kevin Green, David Pernet, Norman Jones, Neil Greenberg, Simon Wessely, Nicola T Fear
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of post-deployment screening for mental disorders has not been assessed in a randomised controlled trial. We aimed to assess whether post-deployment screening for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, or alcohol misuse was effective. We defined screening as the presumptive identification of a previously unrecognised disorder using tests to distinguish those who probably had the disorder from those who probably did not so that those people with a probable disorder could be referred appropriately, and assessed effectiveness and consequences for help-seeking by the odds ratio at follow-up between those receiving tailored help-seeking advice and those who received general mental health advice...
February 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177273/-you-feel-like-your-whole-world-is-caving-in-a-qualitative-study-of-primary-care-patients-conceptualisations-of-emotional-distress
#18
Adam Wa Geraghty, Miriam Santer, Samantha Williams, Jennifer Mc Sharry, Paul Little, Ricardo F Muñoz, Tony Kendrick, Michael Moore
General practitioners are tasked with determining the nature of patients' emotional distress and providing appropriate care. For patients whose symptoms appear to fall near the 'boundaries' of psychiatric disorder, this can be difficult with important implications for treatment. There is a lack of qualitative research among patients with symptoms severe enough to warrant consultation, but where general practitioners have refrained from diagnosis. We aimed to explore how patients in this potentially large group conceptualise their symptoms and consequently investigate lay understandings of complex distinctions between emotional distress and psychiatric disorder...
October 1, 2016: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161475/peripheral-inflammatory-cytokines-and-immune-balance-in-generalised-anxiety-disorder-case-controlled-study
#19
Ruihua Hou, Matthew Garner, Clive Holmes, Clive Osmond, Jessica Teeling, Laurie Lau, David S Baldwin
INTRODUCTION: Previous investigations have demonstrated that major depression is associated with particular patterns of cytokine signalling. The primary aim of this study was to examine peripheral pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines and immune balance in Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD). METHODS: A case-controlled cross-sectional study design was employed: 54 patients with GAD and 64 healthy controls were recruited. Participants completed self-report measures of anxiety and depression...
February 1, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156191/working-memory-capacity-and-spontaneous-emotion-regulation-in-generalised-anxiety-disorder
#20
K Lira Yoon, Joelle LeMoult, Atayeh Hamedani, Randi McCabe
Researchers have postulated that deficits in cognitive control are associated with, and thus may underlie, the perseverative thinking that characterises generalised anxiety disorder (GAD). We examined associations between cognitive control and levels of spontaneous state rumination following a stressor in a sample of healthy control participants (CTL; n = 27) and participants with GAD (n = 21). We assessed cognitive control by measuring working memory capacity (WMC), defined as the ability to maintain task-relevant information by ignoring task-irrelevant information...
February 3, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
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