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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040827/family-structure-and-childhood-mental-disorders-new-findings-from-australia
#1
Francisco Perales, Sarah E Johnson, Janeen Baxter, David Lawrence, Stephen R Zubrick
PURPOSE: Many children now live in non-traditional families-including one-parent, blended, and step families. While a substantial body of international evidence indicates that these children display poorer cognitive and socio-emotional outcomes than children living in traditional families, research on childhood mental disorders is scarce. This report provides new evidence of the relationships between family structure and childhood mental disorders in an under-researched context, Australia...
December 31, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030971/suicidal-ideation-and-behaviour-among-persons-seeking-hiv-testing-in-peri-urban-areas-of-cape-town-south-africa-a-lost-opportunity-for-suicide-prevention
#2
Jason Bantjes, Ashraf Kagee, Wylene Saal
Suicidal ideation and behaviour (SIB) are among the psychiatric sequela of HIV/AIDS. Few studies have however examined the prevalence and correlates of SIB among persons seeking HIV testing. We set out to document the prevalence and correlates of SIB among people seeking HIV testing in peri-urban areas of Cape Town, South Africa (SA). A cross-sectional research design was used to recruit a sample (n = 500) of individuals seeking HIV testing. Self-report measures were used to assess two-week prevalence of SIB as well as life-time prevalence of suicide attempt...
December 28, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993255/-prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-mental-disorders-in-colombian-child-population-the-2015-national-mental-health-survey
#3
Carlos Gómez-Restrepo, Javier Aulí, Nathalie Tamayo Martínez, Fabián Gil, Daniel Garzón, Germán Casas
INTRODUCTION: The 2015 National Mental Health Survey aimed to expand our knowledge about the real mental state of children in Colombia, taking into account the fact that most mental disorders in adults begin during childhood or adolescence. It is essential to have an improved knowledge of the magnitude of this issue and to design timely interventions that reduce long term complications. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of the disorders in the last 12 months and 30 days according to the DSM-IV, as well as to collect data about social and demographic variables...
December 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993249/-prevalence-of-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-on-people-with-chronic-conditions-results-from-the-national-mental-health-survey-in-colombia-2015
#4
Nathalie Tamayo Martínez, Carlos Gómez-Restrepo, Sandra Ramírez, María Nelcy Rodríguez
INTRODUCTION: The study of mental disorders in people with chronic conditions recognises the importance of actively seeking and treating both, since chronic conditions have a higher prevalence than mental disorders and their comorbidity generates greater burden than if each one was considered separately. OBJECTIVES: To measure the prevalence of mood disorders and anxiety in a Colombian population of 12 years and older and with and without different chronic conditions...
December 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986741/cognitive-bias-modification-for-interpretation-with-and-without-prior-repetitive-negative-thinking-to-reduce-worry-and-rumination-in-generalised-anxiety-disorder-and-depression-protocol-for-a-multisession-experimental-study-with-an-active-control-condition
#5
Charlotte Krahé, Andrew Mathews, Jessica Whyte, Colette R Hirsch
INTRODUCTION: Worry and rumination are two forms of repetitive thinking characterised by their negative content and apparently uncontrollable nature. Although worry and rumination share common features and have been conceptualised as part of a transdiagnostic repetitive negative thinking (RNT) process, it remains unclear whether they share the same underlying cognitive mechanisms. This multisession experimental study investigates the tendency to make negative interpretations regarding ambiguous information as a cognitive mechanism underlying RNT...
December 16, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984787/pathways-from-uncertainty-to-anxiety-an-evaluation-of-a-hierarchical-model-of-trait-and-disorder-specific-intolerance-of-uncertainty-on-anxiety-disorder-symptoms
#6
Sarah Shihata, Peter M McEvoy, Barbara A Mullan
Uncertainty is central to anxiety-related pathology and intolerance of uncertainty (IU) appears to be a transdiagnostic risk and maintaining factor. The aim of the present study was to evaluate a hierarchical model to identify the unique contributions of trait and disorder-specific IU (i.e., uncertainty specific to generalised anxiety disorder, social anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder, and panic disorder) to disorder-specific symptoms, beyond other disorder-specific cognitive vulnerabilities (i.e., negative metacognitive beliefs, fear of negative evaluation, inflated responsibility, and agoraphobic cognitions, respectively)...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968905/the-effect-of-an-e-health-web-based-support-programme-on-psychological-outcomes-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-chinese-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-a-parallel-group-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Eliza M L Wong, Sek Y Chair, Doris Y Leung, Janet W Sit, Aileen W Chan, Kai C Leung
BACKGROUND: Coronary heart disease is the leading global cause of death, and e-health web-based programmes are effective to support patients. However, fewstudieshave reported psychological outcomes and health related quality of life (HRQoL) in Chinese populations. This study aimed to investigate the effect of an e-health web-based support programme for patients with coronary heart disease on anxiety, depression, and HRQoL across six months. METHODS: This parallel-group, randomised controlled trial was conducted in two specialist clinics in Hong Kong, China...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931891/a-systematic-review-of-anxiety-prevalence-in-adults-within-primary-care-and-community-settings-in-malaysia
#8
Chin Hoong Wong, Zia U Bakt Sultan Shah, Cheong Lieng Teng, Tzi Quen Lin, Zainab Abdul Majeed, Chun Wai Chan
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are common mental health disorders with significant impact on the individual as well as burden on the country as a whole. METHODS: A systematic review of databases, reference lists, internet sources, and input from content experts revealed 42 studies that documented the prevalence of anxiety symptoms or disorders. 12 of these studies specifically evaluated anxiety disorders. RESULTS: 4 studies looked at the prevalence of anxiety disorders in the general population, whilst the remainder focused on selected population groups: university students (4 studies); substance abuse (3 studies); and victims of abuse (1 study)...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930939/guided-parent-delivered-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-childhood-anxiety-predictors-of-treatment-response
#9
Kerstin Thirlwall, Peter Cooper, Cathy Creswell
BACKGROUND: Guided Parent-delivered Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (GPD-CBT) is a brief, effective treatment for childhood anxiety disorders, however not all children respond favourably. AIMS: To examine predictors of response to GPD-CBT. METHODS: Parents of 125 children (7-12 years) with an anxiety disorder received GPD-CBT over 2.6 or 5.3h. Recovery was measured post treatment and six months later. RESULTS: Younger children and those with primary Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) improved more post treatment, but older children and those without primary GAD had better outcomes at six month follow up...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922722/topiramate-versus-carbamazepine-monotherapy-for-epilepsy-an-individual-participant-data-review
#10
REVIEW
Sarah J Nolan, Maria Sudell, Catrin Tudur Smith, Anthony G Marson
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a common neurological condition in which abnormal electrical discharges from the brain cause recurrent unprovoked seizures. It is believed that with effective drug treatment, up to 70% of individuals with active epilepsy have the potential to become seizure-free and go into long-term remission shortly after starting drug therapy, the majority of which may be able to achieve remission with a single antiepileptic drug (AED).The correct choice of first-line antiepileptic therapy for individuals with newly diagnosed seizures is of great importance...
6, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899087/paradoxical-physiological-responses-to-propranolol-in-a-rett-syndrome-patient-a-case-report
#11
P J Santosh, L Bell, K Lievesley, J Singh, F Fiori
BACKGROUND: Rett Syndrome (RTT), caused by a loss-of-function in the epigenetic modulator: X-linked methyl-CpG binding protein 2 (MeCP2), is a pervasive neurological disorder characterized by compromised brain functions, anxiety, severe mental retardation, language and learning disabilities, repetitive stereotyped hand movements and developmental regression. An imbalance in the sympathetic and the parasympathetic nervous system (dysautonomia) and the resulting autonomic storms is a frequent occurrence in patients with RTT...
November 29, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856421/impact-of-long-term-medical-conditions-on-the-outcomes-of-psychological-therapy-for-depression-and-anxiety
#12
Jaime Delgadillo, Alexander Dawson, Simon Gilbody, Jan R Böhnke
BACKGROUND: Long-term conditions often coexist with depression and anxiety. AIMS: To assess the effectiveness of stepped-care psychological therapies for patients with long-term conditions. METHOD: Data from 28 498 patients were analysed using regression to model depression (Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)) and anxiety (Generalised Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7)) outcomes. Post-treatment symptoms and effect sizes (d) were estimated for individuals with and without long-term conditions, controlling for covariates...
November 17, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830164/association-between-serum-c-reactive-protein-and-dsm-iv-generalized-anxiety-disorder-in-adolescence-findings-from-the-alspac-cohort
#13
Golam M Khandaker, Stanley Zammit, Glyn Lewis, Peter B Jones
BACKGROUND: Animal studies suggest a role of inflammation in the pathophysiology of anxiety, but human studies of inflammatory markers and anxiety disorders are scarce. We report a study of serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) from the general population-based ALSPAC birth cohort. METHODS: DSM-IV diagnosis of GAD was obtained from 5365 cohort members during face-to-face clinical assessment at age 16 years, of which 3392 also provided data on serum high sensitivity CRP levels...
October 2016: Neurobiology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809925/guided-self-help-interventions-for-mental-health-disorders-in-children-with-neurological-conditions-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Sophie Bennett, Isobel Heyman, Anna Coughtrey, Jess Simmonds, Sophia Varadkar, Terence Stephenson, Margaret DeJong, Roz Shafran
BACKGROUND: Rates of mental health disorders are significantly greater in children with physical illnesses than in physically well children. Children with neurological conditions, such as epilepsy, are known to have particularly high rates of mental health disorders. Despite this, mental health problems in children with neurological conditions have remained under-recognised and under-treated in clinical settings. Evidence-based guided self-help interventions are efficacious in reducing symptoms of mental health disorders in children, but their efficacy in reducing symptoms of common mental health disorders in children with neurological conditions has not been investigated...
November 4, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807315/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-generalised-anxiety-disorder-and-health-service-utilisation-among-chinese-patients-in-primary-care-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
S Ys Wong, W K Tang, S W Mercer, K Kung, W Ws Mak, S M Griffiths, T Mc Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798030/the-screen-icd-trial-screening-for-anxiety-and-cognitive-therapy-intervention-for-patients-with-implanted-cardioverter-defibrillator-icd-a-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#16
Selina Kikkenborg Berg, Margrethe Herning, Jesper Hastrup Svendsen, Anne Vinggaard Christensen, Lau Caspar Thygesen
INTRODUCTION: Previous research shows that patients with an implanted cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) have a fourfold increased mortality risk when suffering from anxiety compared with ICD patients without anxiety. This research supports the screening of ICD patients for anxiety with the purpose of starting relevant intervention. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Screen-ICD consists of 3 parts: (1) screening of all hospitalised and outpatient patients at two university hospitals using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), scores ≥8 are invited to participate...
October 21, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793838/cohort-profile-examining-neighbourhood-activities-in-built-living-environments-in-london-the-enable-london-olympic-park-cohort
#17
Bina Ram, Claire M Nightingale, Mohammed T Hudda, Venediktos V Kapetanakis, Anne Ellaway, Ashley R Cooper, Angie Page, Daniel Lewis, Steven Cummins, Billie Giles-Corti, Peter H Whincup, Derek G Cook, Alicja R Rudnicka, Christopher G Owen
PURPOSE: The Examining Neighbourhood Activities in Built Living Environments in London (ENABLE London) project is a natural experiment which aims to establish whether physical activity and other health behaviours show sustained changes among individuals and families relocating to East Village (formerly the London 2012 Olympics Athletes' Village), when compared with a control population living outside East Village throughout. PARTICIPANTS: Between January 2013 and December 2015, 1497 individuals from 1006 households were recruited and assessed (at baseline) (including 392 households seeking social housing, 421 seeking intermediate and 193 seeking market rent homes)...
October 28, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786426/a-systematic-review-of-the-prevalence-of-comorbid-mental-health-disorders-in-people-presenting-for-substance-use-treatment-in-australia
#18
Rosemary E F Kingston, Christina Marel, Katherine L Mills
ISSUES: The aim of this paper was to conduct a systematic review of the prevalence of comorbid mental health conditions in people accessing treatment for substance use in Australia. APPROACH: A systematic review identified studies meeting the following eligibility criteria: reporting original data published in English; sample presenting for substance use treatment in Australia; assessing the prevalence of mental health and substance use conditions and reporting the percentage of participants with co-occurring mental health and substance use conditions...
October 27, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771572/d-cycloserine-does-not-enhance-the-effects-of-in%C3%A2-vivo-exposure-among-young-people-with-broad-based-anxiety-disorders
#19
Ronald M Rapee, Michael P Jones, Jennifer L Hudson, Gin S Malhi, Heidi J Lyneham, Sophie C Schneider
Use of the partial NMDA receptor agonist d-Cycloserine (DCS) to increase extinction to feared cues among anxious adults has shown mixed, although overall positive effects. Few studies have extended this effect to youth and none have addressed young people with broad-based anxiety such as separation anxiety, social anxiety, or generalised anxiety. In the current trial 51 children and adolescents with diagnosed anxiety disorders, aged 7-14 years received four sessions of graduated, experimenter-led, in vivo exposure to a hierarchy of feared cues relevant to their primary fear...
October 18, 2016: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766114/poly-victimisation-and-health-risk-behaviours-symptoms-of-mental-health-problems-and-suicidal-thoughts-and-plans-among-adolescents-in-vietnam
#20
Minh T H Le, Sara Holton, Huong T Nguyen, Rory Wolfe, Jane Fisher
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence is available about poly-victimisation (exposure to multiple forms of victimisation) and mental health among adolescents in low and lower-middle-income countries. The aim of this study was to examine the associations between lifetime exposure to poly-victimisation, health risk behaviours, symptoms of common mental health problems and suicidal ideas in the previous year among high school students in Vietnam. METHODS: Participants were high school students in rural and urban districts of Hanoi, Vietnam...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
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