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Iron-deficiency anemia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334518/is-ileocecal-valve-intubation-essential-for-routine-colonoscopic-examination
#1
Murat Meral, Göksel Bengi, Hasan Kayahan, Mesut Akarsu, Müjde Soytürk, Ömer Topalak, Hale Akpinar, Özgül Sağol
BACKGROUND: In this study, we aimed to assess the diagnostic yield of terminal ileum intubation during routine colonoscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We routinely performed terminal ileum intubation in all patients who underwent colonoscopy at Dokuz Eylul University Hospital between February 2014 and June 2015. Two gastroenterology fellows performed colonoscopies in the Central Endoscopy Unit. Demographic data of patients, indications of colonoscopies, cecum and ileum intubation rate/time, and endoscopic and histopathologic findings of the terminal ileum were all assessed...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333808/the-perspective-of-primary-health-care-pediatricians-regarding-childhood-anemia-and-iron-supplementation
#2
Yanina Sguassero, Marcia M Guerrero, Mariana Romero
INTRODUCTION: Iron deficiency anemia is common in low- and middle-income countries. According to the evidence, the impact of ferrous sulfate supplementation in the pediatric population is low. Our objective was to analyze the perspective of pediatricians regarding anemia and iron supplementation. POPULATION AND METHODS: Qualitative, exploratory study. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with primary health care pediatricians from Rosario. Three core inquiry concepts were included: importance of this problem, clinical practice, and representations about iron supplementation...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328041/von-willebrand-factor-immunohistochemical-staining-quantitative-optical-density-parameters-in-the-endothelium-and-fibrinoid-of-the-placenta-during-secundines-inflammation-and-concomitant-iron-deficiency-anemia-in-gravidas
#3
V Ilika, I Davydenko
The aim of the research was to set the optical density quantitative parameters of the von Willebrand factor immunohistochemical staining (vWF) in the endothelium and fibrinoid of the placenta during the secundines inflammation concomitant with iron deficiency anemia in gravidas. The total number of 198 placentas was studied. The immunohistochemical technique was performed using the visualization of the primary antibodies to vWF with a diaminobenzidine dye polymer system. The optical density of the histochemical staining was measured by means of computer microdensitometry after the digital copies of the images had been obtained...
December 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328038/quantitative-assessment-of-the-results-of-vimentin-immunohistochemical-examination-in-fibroblasts-and-endotheliocytes-of-the-placental-villi-in-the-aspect-of-preterm-maturation-of-the-chorionic-tree-and-iron-deficiency-anemia-of-gravidas
#4
О Garvasiuk, І Davydenko
The objective of our study was to investigate quantitative parameters of vimentin in fibroblasts and endotheliocytes of the chorionic villi by means of immunohistochemical examination of placenta with preterm maturation of the chorionic tree with iron-deficiency anemia of pregnancy in two different terms of gestation - 29-32 weeks and 33-36 weeks. 182 placentas were examined. The study design included two main groups of investigation of the above terms of gestation and three groups of comparison. Quantitative parameters of vimentin in the cytoplasm of fibroblasts and endotheliocytes of the placenta intermediate and terminal villi were considered on the basis of staining optic density measured by means of computer microdensitometry method...
December 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324643/nutritional-status-of-bariatric-surgery-candidates
#5
Aliaa Al-Mutawa, Alfred Kojo Anderson, Salman Alsabah, Mohammad Al-Mutawa
Obesity is a global epidemic affecting populations globally. Bariatric surgery is an effective treatment for morbid obesity, and has increased dramatically. Bariatric surgery candidates frequently have pre-existing nutritional deficiencies that might exacerbate post-surgery. To provide better health care management pre- and post-bariatric surgery, it is imperative to establish the nutritional status of prospective patients before surgery. The aim of this study was to assess and provide baseline data on the nutritional status of bariatric candidates...
January 11, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322715/heart-failure-and-the-iron-deficiency
#6
Amey Beedkar, Rohan Parikh, Pradeep Deshmukh
Iron deficiency anemia is a significant problem worldwide and more so in developing countries, like India. The prevention and treatment of iron deficiency is a major public health goal in India It is now well recognized that iron deficiency has detrimental effects in patients with coronary artery disease, heart failure, and pulmonary hypertension, and possibly in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Around one-third of all patients with HF, and around one-half of patients with pulmonary hypertension, are affected by iron deficiency...
November 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322365/iron-pots-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-anemia-in-preschoolers
#7
Francisco Plácido Nogueira Arcanjo, Débora Rodrigues Ribeiro Macêdo, Paulo Roberto Santos, Caio Plácido Costa Arcanjo
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of food cooked in iron pots for the prevention and treatment of iron deficiency anemia. METHODS: In this cluster randomized clinical trial, authors evaluated preschoolers aged 4-5 y for 16 wk. Children were cluster randomized to either eating from iron pots (Group A) or aluminum pots (Group B). Primary outcome variables were change in hemoglobin concentration and anemia prevalence. Two biochemical evaluations were performed, to determine Hb concentrations, before and after intervention...
January 11, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320750/the-many-faces-of-intestinal-tract-gastric-heterotopia-a-series-of-four-cases-highlighting-clinical-and-pathological-heterogeneity
#8
Aqsa Nasir, Stuart K Amateau, Sabina Khan, Ross W Simpson, Dale C Snover, Khalid Amin
Gastric heterotopia of the intestinal tract can have a diverse clinicopathologic presentation, resulting in a diagnostic dilemma. We present a series of four cases, two male and two female patients with age range of 31-82 year, found in the duodenum, jejunum, and transverse colon. The most common and rather unusual clinical presentation was iron deficiency anemia, seen in three cases, while one patient presented with abdominal pain. Endoscopically two cases were visualized as pedunculated polyps and two as sessile/plaques like lesions...
January 7, 2018: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318945/relationship-between-obesity-and-iron-deficiency-anemia-is-there-a-role-of-hepcidin
#9
Ertan Sal, Idil Yenicesu, Nurullah Celik, Hatice Pasaoglu, Bulent Celik, Ozge Tugce Pasaoglu, Zühre Kaya, Ulker Kocak, Orhun Camurdan, Aysun Bideci, Peyami Cinaz
OBJECTIVES: Iron deficiency is common in obese children although the underlying mechanism is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between iron parameters, leptin, hepcidin and adiponectin levels in obese children. METHODS: A total of 237 children, ranging in age from 5 to 18 years, 180 with primary obesity and 57 healthy children and adolescents, were enrolled. Complete blood count, serum iron levels, iron-binding capacity, ferritin levels, leptin, hepcidin and adiponectin levels were studied...
January 10, 2018: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318944/prevalence-of-iron-deficiency-in-a-total-joint-surgery-population
#10
Jonathan H Waters, Peter Johnson, Mark H Yazer
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency without anemia has been associated with decreases in functional work capacity and fatigue. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of iron deficiency without anemia in a preoperative cohort of orthopedic patients and to determine if iron deficiency is a condition which warrants inclusion into a prehabilitation program prior to surgery. METHODS: One hundred consecutive patients going through preoperative testing for total joint replacement were enrolled in the study...
January 10, 2018: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313480/malaria-and-iron-load-at-the-first-antenatal-visit-in-the-rural-south-kivu-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-is-iron-supplementation-safe-or-could-it-be-harmful
#11
Esto Bahizire, Umberto D'Alessandro, Michèle Dramaix, Nicolas Dauby, Fabrice Bahizire, Kanigula Mubagwa, Philippe Donnen
We investigated the relationship between malaria infection and iron status in 531 pregnant women in South Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Sociodemographic data, information on morbidity, and clinical data were collected. A blood sample was collected at the first antenatal visit to diagnose malaria and measure serum ferritin (SF), soluble transferrin receptor, C-reactive protein, and α1-acid-glycoprotein. Malaria prevalence was 7.5%. Median (interquartile range) SF (adjusted for inflammation) was significantly higher in malaria-infected (82...
January 8, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306723/current-prevalence-of-intestinal-parasitic-infections-and-their-impact-on-hematological-and-nutritional-status-among-karen-hill-tribe-children-in-omkoi-district-chiang-mai-province-thailand
#12
Jintana Yanola, Woottichai Nachaiwieng, Suwit Duangmano, Mujalin Prasannarong, Pradya Somboon, Sakorn Pornprasert
Intestinal parasitic infection represents a substantial problem for children living in rural or limited resources areas and significantly relates to anemia and nutritional status. This study aimed to determine the current prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among school-age children of Karen hill tribe population in Omkoi District, Chiang Mai Province, Thailand and assess the impact of intestinal parasitic infection on hematological and nutritional status in those children. A total of 375 Karen hill tribe children, 6-14 years of age, in Omkoi District were randomly selected to participate in this study...
January 5, 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305416/involvement-of-hepcidin-in-iron-metabolism-dysregulation-in-gaucher-disease
#13
Thibaud Lefebvre, Niloofar Reihani, Raed Daher, Thierry Billette de Villemeur, Nadia Belmatoug, Christian Rose, Yves Colin-Aronovicz, Hervé Puy, Caroline Le Van Kim, Mélanie Franco, Zoubida Karim
Gaucher disease is an inherited deficiency of glucocerebrosidase leading to accumulation of glucosylceramide in tissues such as the spleen, liver, and bone marrow. The resulting lipid-laden macrophages lead to the appearance of Gaucher cells. Anemia associated with an unexplained hyperferritinemia is a frequent finding in Gaucher disease, but whether this pathogenesis is related to an iron metabolism disorder has remained unclear. To investigate this issue, we explored the iron status of a large cohort of 90 type I Gaucher disease patients, including 66 patients treated with enzyme replacement therapy...
January 5, 2018: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304848/effectiveness-and-safety-of-ferric-carboxymaltose-compared-to-iron-sucrose-in-women-with-iron-deficiency-anemia-phase-iv-clinical-trials
#14
Amreen Naqash, Rifat Ara, Ghulam N Bader
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is a significant problem worldwide particularly in women. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of intravenous ferric carboxymaltose (FCM) in comparison to iron sucrose (IS) in women with IDA. METHOD: Two hundred patients at Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences Medical College and Hospital, Jammu & Kashmir, India identified with IDA were enrolled for the study...
January 5, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302503/celiac-disease-in-south-jordan
#15
Eyad Altamimi
Purpose: Celiac disease, an autoimmune enteropathy triggered by exposure to gluten, is not uncommon in South Jordan. However, its prevalence is underestimated due to lack of physician awareness of the diversity of disease presentation. The clinical spectrum includes classic gastrointestinal manifestations, as well as rickets, iron-deficiency anemia, short stature, elevated liver enzymes, and edema. Our goal was to evaluate celiac disease presentation in clinically diagnosed children. Methods: Retrospective study included all children diagnosed with celiac disease between September 2009 and September 2015...
December 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299089/hamartoma-of-the-spleen-splenoma-with-calcifications-in-a-child-with-beta-thalassemia-a-case-report
#16
Dario Giambelluca, Dario Picone, Giuseppe Lo Re, Salvatore Pappalardo, Placido Romeo
Splenic hamartoma (or splenoma) is a rare, benign, vascular tumor, often incidentally found at imaging, surgery or autopsy. Albeit usually asymptomatic and rare in children, when it occurs in the pediatric population it is more commonly symptomatic. We report a case of a 15-year-old girl with iron-deficiency anemia and beta-thalassemia, who had a large (10 × 8 × 7 cm) splenic lesion with calcifications, incidentally found during follow-up for splenomegaly and histologically characterized as hamartoma with calcified areas...
May 2017: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296776/intestinal-hephaestin-potentiates-iron-absorption-in-weanling-adult-and-pregnant-mice-under-physiological-conditions
#17
Caglar Doguer, Jung-Heun Ha, Sukru Gulec, Chris D Vulpe, Gregory J Anderson, James F Collins
Regulation of intestinal iron absorption is crucial to maintain body iron levels because humans have no regulated iron-excretory system. Elucidating molecular events that mediate intestinal iron transport is thus important for the development of therapeutic approaches to modify iron absorption in pathological states. The process of iron uptake into duodenal enterocytes is relatively well understood, but less is known about the functional coupling between the iron exporter ferroportin 1 and the basolateral membrane iron oxidase hephaestin (Heph)...
July 25, 2017: Blood Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294595/should-asymptomatic-young-men-with-iron-deficiency-anemia-necessarily-undergo-endoscopy
#18
Nam Hee Kim, Jung Ho Park, Dong Il Park, Chong Il Sohn, Kyuyong Choi, Yoon Suk Jung
Background/Aims: There has been no evidence for the necessity of endoscopy in asymptomatic young men with iron deficiency anemia (IDA). To determine whether endoscopy should be recommended in asymptomatic young men with IDA, we compared the prevalence of gastrointestinal (GI) lesions between young men (< 50 years) with IDA and those without IDA. Methods: We conducted a case-control study on asymptomatic young men aged < 50 years who underwent both esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) and colonoscopy as part of a health checkup between 2010 and 2014...
January 5, 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291028/safety-and-efficacy-of-ferric-citrate-in-phosphate-reduction-and-iron-supplementation-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#19
Mei-Yi Wu, Ying-Chun Chen, Chun-Hung Lin, Yun-Chun Wu, Yu-Kang Tu, Der-Cherng Tarng
Ferric citrate has been reported to have the potential to reduce phosphate and increase iron availability in patients with chronic kidney disease. In the present study, we evaluated its safety and efficacy in phosphate reduction and iron supplementation in chronic kidney disease stage 3-5 requiring dialysis patients. We systematically searched for clinical trials published in PubMed, Medline, and Cochrane databases. Only randomized controlled trials on the effects of ferric citrate in chronic kidney disease stage 3-5 requiring dialysis patients were selected...
December 5, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282766/erythroferrone-and-iron-status-parameters-levels-in-pediatric-patients-with-iron-deficiency-anemia
#20
Fady M El Gendy, Mahmoud A El-Hawy, Amira Mf Shehata, Hanaa E Osheba
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the link between serum erythroferrone levels and iron status parameters in pediatric patients with iron deficiency anemia. METHODS: The study consisted of 66 children (36 with iron deficiency anemia and 30 healthy age- and gender-matched controls) who were investigated for serum levels of iron, total iron binding capacity (TIBC) using automated chemistry analyzer, serum ferritin using electrochemiluminescence immunoassay and ERFE by specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit...
December 28, 2017: European Journal of Haematology
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