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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673873/before-the-beginning-nutrition-and-lifestyle-in-the-preconception-period-and-its-importance-for-future-health
#1
REVIEW
Judith Stephenson, Nicola Heslehurst, Jennifer Hall, Danielle A J M Schoenaker, Jayne Hutchinson, Janet E Cade, Lucilla Poston, Geraldine Barrett, Sarah R Crozier, Mary Barker, Kalyanaraman Kumaran, Chittaranjan S Yajnik, Janis Baird, Gita D Mishra
A woman who is healthy at the time of conception is more likely to have a successful pregnancy and a healthy child. We reviewed published evidence and present new data from low-income, middle-income, and high-income countries on the timing and importance of preconception health for subsequent maternal and child health. We describe the extent to which pregnancy is planned, and whether planning is linked to preconception health behaviours. Observational studies show strong links between health before pregnancy and maternal and child health outcomes, with consequences that can extend across generations, but awareness of these links is not widespread...
April 16, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672431/case-of-primary-isolated-subconjunctival-igg4-related-disease
#2
Hyo Seok Lee, Won Choi, Ga Eon Kim, Kyung Chul Yoon
PURPOSE: To report a case of isolated subconjunctival ocular adnexal IgG4-related disease that met the diagnostic criteria according to the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare's 2011 guidelines. METHODS: We report a case of a 56-year-old woman with a left subconjunctival mass for 3 months. Excisional biopsy was performed. Postoperatively, the patient underwent systemic and radiologic evaluations for IgG4-related disease. RESULTS: The clinicopathologic study revealed storiform fibrosis and lymphoplasmacytic infiltration, with increased IgG4-positive plasma cells and an IgG4/IgG-positive plasma cell ratio of 40%...
April 18, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669645/the-wisdom-of-indigenous-healers
#3
Dorene Day Waubanewquay, Dane Kaohelani Silva, Amshatar Ololodi Monroe
The wisdom of indigenous peoples is manifest in ways of knowing, seeing, and thinking that are passed down orally from generation to generation. This article takes the reader on a journey through three distinct ways of knowing, specifically as they relate to healing and health. The authors are a Midewanniquay, or Water Woman, of the Ojibway-Anishinabe people of the upper Midwest in the United States and Canada; a lomilomi healer from Hawaii; and an initiated Priest in the Yoruba tradition of West Africa. The philosophies of all three cultures emphasize the importance of spirituality to health and well-being (or healing process), but each has unique ways in which it nurtures relationship with the Creator, the earth, and humankind through sacred rituals and healing practices...
April 1, 2018: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669175/antidepressants-for-preventing-postnatal-depression
#4
REVIEW
Emma Molyneaux, Laurence A Telesia, Carol Henshaw, Elizabeth Boath, Eleanor Bradley, Louise M Howard
BACKGROUND: Depression is common in the postnatal period and can lead to adverse effects on the infant and wider family, in addition to the morbidity for the mother. It is not clear whether antidepressants are effective for the prevention of postnatal depression and little is known about possible adverse effects for the mother and infant, particularly during breastfeeding. This is an update of a Cochrane Review last published in 2005. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of antidepressant medication for the prevention of postnatal depression, in comparison with any other treatment, placebo or standard care...
April 18, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667314/the-diary-of-a-nonagenarian-centenarian-woman-with-dementia-memory-loss-life-changes-and-community-care-in-japan
#5
Sayuri Suwa, Saori Otani, Mayuko Tsujimura, Kotoko Nogawa, Yoko Shiya
AIM: This study aimed to explore the experiences and thoughts of a nonagenarian-centenarian woman with dementia living alone, through detailed analysis of her unsolicited diary. DATA SOURCE: After receiving consent from Aki (a pseudonym), her family and caregivers, copies of her diaries, hand-written in Japanese, were provided for analysis. METHODS: The content of the diaries was broadly organized into themes and qualitative content analysis carried out for each theme along a sequential timeline...
April 2018: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665836/household-water-treatment-and-the-nutritional-status-of-primary-aged-children-in-india-findings-from-the-india-human-development-survey
#6
Wei Li, Echu Liu, Rhonda BeLue
BACKGROUND: Poor water quality, one of the leading causes of diarrhea, is an issue for most developing countries. Although the health burden of poor-quality water has been studied extensively, there is a paucity of research regarding the impact of household water treatment (HWT) on children's nutritional status using data from large-scale surveys. In this research, we study the effect of HWT on the nutritional status of primary-aged children in India using a secondary data set consisting of 20,315 children between the ages of 6 and 14 (10,523 males and 9,792 females) in 12,839 households from the second wave of the India Human Development Survey (IHDS-II)...
April 17, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662254/cooperative-decision-making-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-peru
#7
Joseph Svec, Tanja Andic
Using the continuous Demographic and Health Surveys (2005-2012) for Peru, we employ multinomial logistic regression estimates to assess risk for intimate partner violence (IPV). Using empowerment and gender frameworks for IPV, we find that women making more household decisions jointly are less likely to experience physical violence. We also find that education is negatively associated with IPV, unless a woman's attainment exceeds her partner's. Although women earning more than their partners are more likely to experience violence, joint decision-makers have a lower risk of moderate physical violence even when their status exceeds that of a male partner...
March 2018: Population and Development Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661671/-behaviour-and-attitudes-towards-the-sexuality-of-the-pregnant-woman-during-the-last-trimester-phenomenological-study
#8
Isabel Panea Pizarro, Ana Teresa Domínguez Martin, Vanessa Barragán Prieto, Almudena Martos Sánchez, Fidel López Espuela
OBJECTIVE: To explore the life experiences on sexual relationships in the third trimester of pregnancy in primiparous women. DESIGN: Phenomenological qualitative study, SITE: Cáceres (Extremadura). PARTICIPANTS: Primiparous women in the third trimester of their pregnancy. METHODS: We use theoretical sampling, was conducted on pregnant primiparous. The study included 15 participants. The data was collected using in-depth interviews, that were voiced recorded and later transcribed...
April 13, 2018: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658333/mucinous-breast-carcinoma-with-tall-columnar-cells
#9
N Tsoukalas, M Kiakou, M Tolia, I D Kostakis, M Galanopoulos, G Nakos, D Tryfonopoulos, G Kyrgias, G Koumakis
Mucinous carcinoma of the breast represents 1%-4% of all breast cancers. The World Health Organization classification divides this type of tumour into three different subtypes: mucinous carcinoma, mucinous carcinoma with tall columnar cells (mucinous cystadenocarcinoma and columnar cell mucinous carcinoma) and signet ring cell carcinoma. A 74-year-old woman presented a tumour with inflammatory features in the upper outer quadrant of her left breast, 7 cm in diameter. The core biopsy showed infiltrating ductal carcinoma of no specific type...
April 16, 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657192/what-we-do-and-do-not-know-about-women-and-kidney-diseases-questions-unanswered-and-answers-unquestioned-reflection-on-world-kidney-day-and-international-woman-s-day
#10
EDITORIAL
Giorgina B Piccoli, Mona Alrukhaimi, Zhi-Hong Liu, Elena Zakharova, Adeera Levin
Chronic Kidney Disease affects approximately 10% of the world's adult population: it is within the top 20 causes of death worldwide, and its impact on patients and their families can be devastating. World Kidney Day and International Women's Day in 2018 coincide, thus offering an opportunity to reflect on the importance of women's health and specifically their kidney health, on the community, and the next generations, as well as to strive to be more curious about the unique aspects of kidney disease in women so that we may apply those learnings more broadly...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652283/mitral-valve-repair-in-infective-endocarditis-during-pregnancy
#11
Takahiro Tamura, Shuichi Yokota
Infective endocarditis (IE) during pregnancy and subsequent cardiac surgery are rare and associated with a high risk of mortality for the mother and fetus. It is difficult to determine the right time for cardiac intervention when IE is diagnosed early in pregnancy. A 33-year-old previously healthy woman in the 11th week of pregnancy was diagnosed with IE and underwent surgical intervention. The cardiopulmonary bypass settings and the anesthetic drugs were carefully chosen. Although she was in good health, while being discharged, the fetus did not survive...
April 2018: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651651/interactions-of-coffee-consumption-and-postmenopausal-hormone-use-in-relation-to-breast-cancer-risk-in-uk-biobank
#12
Lusine Yaghjyan, Shannan Rich, Liang Mao, Volker Mai, Kathleen M Egan
PURPOSE: We investigated the association of coffee consumption with postmenopausal breast cancer risk, overall and by the status of postmenopausal hormone therapy (PMH). METHODS: This study included 126,182 postmenopausal women (2,636 with breast cancer and 123,546 without) from UK Biobank. Cancer diagnoses were ascertained through the linkage to the UK National Health Service Central Registers. Information on breast cancer risk factors and coffee consumption was collected at baseline and updated during follow-up...
April 12, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651313/risk-factors-for-osteoporosis-in-postmenopausal-women-from-the-point-of-view-of-primary-care-gynecologist
#13
Damir Franic, Ivan Verdenik
Introduction: Osteoporosis is a highly prevalent public health problem with osteoporosis-related fractures that account for high morbidity and mortality. Therefore, prevention strategies and early detection of osteoporosis should be carried out in primary gynaecological care units, so as to substantially reduce the risk of fractures and allow the best treatment option for a particular woman. Methods: From 2002 to 2011, we recruited 2956 women. Of the total number of women, we additionally extrapolated 1274 women aged 60-75 years, assumingly, the group of women at higher risk of osteoporosis...
March 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650401/opthalmological-sequelae-due-to-paintball-injuries-case-studies
#14
A C Peñaranda, A Montoya, A P Arciniegas, C López-de-Mesa
OBJECTIVE: Describe the ophthalmological sequelae of patients diagnosed with blunt eye injury by paintball. MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were a total 14 cases with a diagnosis of blunt trauma by paintball were treated at the ophthalmology emergency department of the Barraquer Clinic in Bogotá, Colombia. All patients underwent a complete ophthalmological examination with their respective controls according to their outcome. RESULTS: The frequency of eye trauma by paintball was 3...
April 9, 2018: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649980/patterns-of-caesarean-section-in-hiv-infected-and-non-infected-women-in-malawi-is-caesarean-section-used-for-pmtct
#15
Lyson Tenthani, Joep J van Oosterhout, Andreas D Haas, Malango Msukwa, Nozgechi Phiri, Frank Chimbwandira, Kali Tal, Karoline Aebi-Popp, Janne Estill, Olivia Keiser
BACKGROUND: Caesarean section (CS) is not recommended for PMTCT in Malawi HIV Guidelines, contrary to most high-income countries where CS is indicated if viral suppression is sub-optimal pre-delivery. We describe patterns of CS in HIV-infected and uninfected women in Malawi and explored if insight into the use of Elective CS (ECS) for PMTCT could be obtained. METHODS: We used routinely collected data from individual medical records from 17 large health facilities in the central and southern regions of Malawi, from January 2010 to December 2013...
April 12, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649195/pertussis-vaccination-uptake-in-pregnancy-lessons-to-be-learned-from-an-integrated-healthcare-approach
#16
Emma J Deverall, Benjamin Gilmore, Sam Illing, Roshini Peiris-John
AIM: To determine the proportion of pregnant women vaccinated with the pertussis booster in the third trimester of their pregnancy, and explore factors influencing coverage. METHODS: A clinical audit was undertaken at Rotorua hospital using electronic databases to determine pertussis immunisation among women who birthed from 25 March to 25 April, 2017 (n=111). Lead maternity carers (LMCs) were surveyed to assess knowledge of the vaccine and explore suggestions to increase vaccination coverage...
April 13, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649034/obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-pregnant-women-a-review-of-pregnancy-outcomes-and-an-approach-to-management
#17
Jennifer E Dominguez, Andrew D Krystal, Ashraf S Habib
Among obese pregnant women, 15%-20% have obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and this prevalence increases along with body mass index and in the presence of other comorbidities. Prepregnancy obesity and pregnancy-related weight gain are certainly risk factors for sleep-disordered breathing in pregnancy, but certain physiologic changes of pregnancy may also increase a woman's risk of developing or worsening OSA. While it has been shown that untreated OSA in postmenopausal women is associated with a range of cardiovascular, pulmonary, and metabolic comorbidities, a body of literature is emerging that suggests OSA may also have serious implications for the health of mothers and fetuses during and after pregnancy...
April 11, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642898/enablers-and-barriers-for-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-to-achieve-optimal-glycaemic-control-a-qualitative-study-using-the-theoretical-domains-framework
#18
Ruth Martis, Julie Brown, Judith McAra-Couper, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Glycaemic target recommendations vary widely between international professional organisations for women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Some studies have reported women's experiences of having GDM, but little is known how this relates to their glycaemic targets. The aim of this study was to identify enablers and barriers for women with GDM to achieve optimal glycaemic control. METHODS: Women with GDM were recruited from two large, geographically different, hospitals in New Zealand to participate in a semi-structured interview to explore their views and experiences focusing on enablers and barriers to achieving optimal glycaemic control...
April 11, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628723/prevalence-of-postmenopausal-symptoms-its-effect-on-quality-of-life-and-coping-in-rural-couple
#19
Radha Shukla, Jaishree Ganjiwale, Rakhee Patel
Aim: Menopause is a physiological process, with potential to lead to various pathological/psychological complications, leading to change in quality of life (QOL). Although literature suggests the effect of menopause on various aspects of life, there is scarcity of studies from rural setup in this regard. Thus, it is essential to assess extent of menopause-related changes, its awareness, and coping mechanisms in rural couple. This study aimed to find the prevalence of postmenopausal symptoms, its severity, and effect on QOL of rural women and the couples' coping mechanisms...
January 2018: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628283/weathering-the-storm-a-review-of-pre-pregnancy-stress-and-risk-of-spontaneous-abortion
#20
REVIEW
Tyralynn Frazier, Carol J Rowland Hogue, Elizabeth A Bonney, Kathryn M Yount, Brad D Pearce
The Weathering Effect is a theory that links stress exposure, over the life-course, with racial disparities in reproductive outcomes, through the effects of social adversity on a woman's body. The concept of maternal "weathering" captures cumulative somatic and psychological adversities that can exacerbate the effects of aging. Much of the evidence for weathering comes from observational studies linking self-report measures with reproductive outcomes. The purpose of this review is to explore biological mechanisms that underlie these observations...
March 1, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
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