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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040505/late-booking-amongst-african-women-in-a-london-borough-england-implications-for-health-promotion
#1
Martha J Chinouya, Cathrine Madziva
The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence guidance is that a pregnant woman should see a midwife within the first 13 weeks into her pregnancy, in what is known as the 'booking appointment' or the 'full assessment' where she discusses with the midwife her care plan, medical and family histories and social circumstances. Significant numbers of black African women present after 13 weeks into the pregnancy. This study explores why black African women access the booking appointment after 13 weeks of pregnancy in a London borough...
October 10, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035798/sexual-function-and-related-factors-in-iranian-woman-with-epilepsy
#2
Zahra Atarodi-Kashani, Nourossadat Kariman, Abbas Ebadi, Hamid Alavi Majd, Nahid Beladi-Moghadam
PURPOSE: Epileptic women are faced with many sexual challenges in their life due to medical and non-medical factors. The present study was conducted to assess sexual function in epileptic women and its related factors. METHOD: The present cross-sectional study was conducted on 196 epileptic married women of reproductive age who were members of the Iranian Epilepsy Association and were selected continuously over six months through convenience sampling. The data collection tools included the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and questions about the causes of sexual dysfunction...
October 5, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034324/a-review-of-epidemiologic-studies-of-the-health-of-gulf-war-women-veterans
#3
Steven S Coughlin, Maxine Krengel, Kimberly Sullivan, Penny F Pierce, Vahé Heboyan, Lt Col Candy Wilson
INTRODUCTION: In the 25 years since the 1990-1991 Gulf War (GW), studies have evaluated Gulf War Illness (GWI), sometimes referred to as medically unexplained multi symptom illness, and other medical and neurological conditions in women GW veterans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this article, we review epidemiologic studies of the health of women who served in the 1990-1991 GW based upon bibliographic searches in PubMed and CINAHL with relevant search terms through September 2015...
2017: Journal of Environment and Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033921/influence-of-oral-and-gut-microbiota-in-the-health-of-menopausal-women
#4
REVIEW
Angélica T Vieira, Paula M Castelo, Daniel A Ribeiro, Caroline M Ferreira
Sex differences in gut microbiota are acknowledged, and evidence suggests that gut microbiota may have a role in higher incidence and/or severity of autoimmune diseases in females. Additionally, it has been suggested that oral, vaginal, and gut microbiota composition can be regulated by estrogen levels. The association of vaginal microbiota with vulvovaginal atrophy at menopause is well described in the literature. However, the relevance of oral and gut microbiota modulation in the immune system during estrogen deficiency and its effect on inflammatory diseases is not well explored...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033614/fusion-of-lower-limbs-with-severe-urogenital-malformation-in-a-newborn-a-rare-congenital-clinical-syndrome-case-report
#5
Fatemah Al Hadhoud, Abeer H Kamal, Abdulmohsen Al Anjari, Michael Fe Diejomaoh
BACKGROUND: Fused lower limbs combined with severe urogenital malformation, also known as sirenomelia, is a rare congenital clinical syndrome. The etiology is unknown, and the outcome for the affected fetus is rather uncertain. CASE REPORT: Mrs RB, a Kuwaiti woman primigravida, married to a non-consanguineous husband, had uneventful antenatal care in a private health service, until she was admitted to the Maternity Hospital, Kuwait, at 31 weeks of gestation with a 3-hour history of ruptured membranes...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033422/a-case-of-hepatic-pseudolymphoma-with-an-occult-hepatitis-b-virus-infection
#6
Hideo Kunimoto, Daisuke Morihara, Shin-Ichiro Nakane, Takashi Tanaka, Keiji Yokoyama, Akira Anan, Yasuaki Takeyama, Makoto Irie, Satoshi Shakado, Tomoaki Noritomi, Morishige Takeshita, Kengo Yoshimitsu, Shotaro Sakisaka
A 49-year-old woman who was asymptomatic was found to have a small liver tumor on abdominal ultrasonography (US) at her annual health checkup. US revealed a hypoechoic, solid, mass measuring 17-mm in size in segment 6. The tumor markers associated with liver malignancy were negative. An infectious disease screen was negative for hepatitis B surface antigen, but positive for antibody to hepatitis B core antigen. Imaging studies using computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and CT angiography suggested a malignant liver tumor, such as hepatocellular carcinoma...
October 16, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033021/-smoking-cessation-and-pregnancy
#7
M Underner, O Pourrat, J Perriot, G Peiffer, N Jaafari
Active and passive smoking during pregnancy induce several deleterious effects that may have a negative impact on pregnancy progress, fetus development and both mother and newborn health. Smoking cessation should be a rule for any woman as soon as the beginning of her pregnancy, or better in anticipation of a pregnancy when contraception is no more taken. Every caregiver must help every pregnant woman who smokes to quit smoking. Smoking cessation interventions in pregnant women must combine a psychological support (mainly with cognitive behavioral therapy) and nicotine replacement therapy, which can also be used during breast feeding...
October 9, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032069/woman-s-pre-conception-evaluation-genetic-and-fetal-risk-considerations-for-counselling-and-informed-choice
#8
REVIEW
R Douglas Wilson
OBJECTIVE: To inform reproductive and other health care providers about genetic and fetal risk information to consider during a woman/couples' pre-conception evaluation, including considerations for genetic risk assessment, genetic screening, or testing to allow for improved counselling and informed choice. OPTIONS: This genetic information can be used for patient education, planning, and possible pre-conception and/or prenatal testing. OUTCOMES: This information may allow improved risk assessment for pre-conception counselling for individual patients and their families...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031311/nurses-perceptions-of-providing-psychosexual-care-for-women-experiencing-gynaecological-cancer
#9
Natalie F Williams, Yvonne L Hauck, Anna M Bosco
PURPOSE: To gain insight into how Western Australian nurses conceptualise the provision of psychosexual care for women undergoing gynaecological cancer treatment and how this aligns with nurses globally. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive design was chosen to facilitate insight into nurses' perspectives of their reality. Seventeen nurses working at a tertiary women's hospital in Western Australia participated in one-on-one interviews and were asked to describe their perceptions and identify factors that facilitate or challenge psychosexual care provision...
October 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020025/worry-about-racial-discrimination-a-missing-piece-of-the-puzzle-of-black-white-disparities-in-preterm-birth
#10
Paula Braveman, Katherine Heck, Susan Egerter, Tyan Parker Dominguez, Christine Rinki, Kristen S Marchi, Michael Curtis
OBJECTIVES: The causes of the large and persistent Black-White disparity in preterm birth (PTB) are unknown. It is biologically plausible that chronic stress across a woman's life course could be a contributor. Prior research suggests that chronic worry about experiencing racial discrimination could affect PTB through neuroendocrine, vascular, or immune mechanisms involved in both responses to stress and the initiation of labor. This study aimed to examine the role of chronic worry about racial discrimination in Black-White disparities in PTB...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019521/-postpartum-depression-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#11
Juliana Mano Hartmann, Raul Andrés Mendoza-Sassi, Juraci Almeida Cesar
The aim was to identify the prevalence of postpartum depression and associated factors in women in a medium-sized city in Southern Brazil during 2013. Trained female interviewers applied a standardized questionnaire to all participants in the city's two maternity hospitals. The study analyzed demographic, socioeconomic, behavioral, social support, and disease characteristics. Screening for depression was done within the first 48 hours postpartum, using the Edinburgh Scale with a cutoff of ≥ 10. Multivariate analysis used Poisson regression with robust variance...
October 9, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019520/feelings-and-perceptions-of-women-recovering-from-anorexia-nervosa-regarding-their-eating-behavior
#12
Nathalia Petry, Francisco de Assis Guedes de Vasconcelos, Larissa da Cunha Feio Costa
According to the phenomenological approach, observing a phenomenon through the perspective of those who lived it may be necessary to acquire fully comprehension of it. Therefore, to fully understand the eating behavior during anorexia nervosa and during its recovery, this study investigated individual perceptions and feelings of three women recovering from anorexia nervosa. This study is characterized as a qualitative research with phenomenological approach. The data were collected through interviews and analyzed following steps proposed by phenomenology researchers...
October 9, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988744/management-of-endometriosis-toward-value-based-cost-effective-affordable-care
#13
REVIEW
Paolo Vercellini, Federica Facchin, Laura Buggio, Giussy Barbara, Nicola Berlanda, Maria Pina Frattaruolo, Edgardo Somigliana
Endometriosis management seems to be influenced by outcome-independent biomedical, pharmacological, and technological developments. The propensity towards doing more affects several aspects of care, sometimes translating into proposals that are not based on sound epidemiological principles and robust evidence. Different stakeholders share the interest for doing more testing and using novel and costly drugs or devices in patients with endometriosis. Although some women may benefit from such an approach, the majority do not, and some may be harmed...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987207/keeping-cool-when-things-heat-up-during-a-malignant-hyperthermia-crisis
#14
Amy Dagestad, Melanie Hermann
This article describes the experience of a health care team at a maternity center during their care for a woman exhibiting an atypical presentation of malignant hyperthermia and outlines the steps taken to rapidly identify the condition and begin treatment to save her life. Key components in ensuring a positive outcome in a malignant hyperthermia crisis include increased awareness and readiness to effectively treat and reverse the signs and symptoms of this condition.
October 2017: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985725/factors-influencing-the-clinical-decision-making-of-midwives-a-qualitative-study
#15
Darie O A Daemers, Evelien B M van Limbeek, Hennie A A Wijnen, Marianne J Nieuwenhuijze, Raymond G de Vries
BACKGROUND: Although midwives make clinical decisions that have an impact on the health and well-being of mothers and babies, little is known about how they make those decisions. Wide variation in intrapartum decisions to refer women to obstetrician-led care suggests that midwives' decisions are based on more than the evidence based medicine (EBM) model - i.e. clinical evidence, midwife's expertise, and woman's values - alone. With this study we aimed to explore the factors that influence clinical decision-making of midwives who work independently...
October 6, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982365/echoes-of-old-hiv-paradigms-reassessing-the-problem-of-engaging-men-in-hiv-testing-and-treatment-through-women-s-perspectives
#16
Leila Katirayi, Addmore Chadambuka, Auxilia Muchedzi, Allan Ahimbisibwe, Reuben Musarandega, Godfrey Woelk, Thorkild Tylleskar, Karen Marie Moland
BACKGROUND: With the introduction of 2016 World Health Organization guidelines recommending universal antiretroviral therapy (ART), there has been increased recognition of the lack of men engaging in HIV testing and treatment. Studies in sub-Saharan Africa indicate there have been challenges engaging men in HIV testing and HIV-positive men into treatment. METHODS: This qualitative study explored women's perspective of their male partner's attitudes towards HIV and ART and how it shapes woman's experience with ART...
October 5, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981379/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-computer-delivered-brief-intervention-for-substance-use-and-risky-sex-during-pregnancy
#17
Golfo Tzilos Wernette, Melissa Plegue, Christopher W Kahler, Ananda Sen, Caron Zlotnick
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are an increasingly critical and costly health problem for American childbearing women. Pregnant women who misuse substances are more likely to engage in risky sexual behavior that leads to STIs. Substance use and risky sex during pregnancy are both associated with numerous negative consequences for the woman and the developing fetus. STUDY DESIGN: A two-group, randomized controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS: Recruitment of 50 pregnant women (30% Latina; 24...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979753/renal-artery-aneurysm-rupture-during-post-partum-period-a-case-report
#18
Hassan Ravari, Atiyeh Vatanchi, Leila Pourali, Malihe Afarideh, Salmeh Dadgar
Renal artery aneurysm has an incidence of lower than one in 1000 of the general population. The risk of aneurysm rupture increases during pregnancy due to hormonal and hemodynamic changes. Therefore, these patients often refer to physicians with abdominal pain that is followed by shock. We report the case of a 41-year-old multiparous woman who was referred with symptoms of epigastric pain and hemorrhagic shock, a week after her vaginal delivery. She was diagnosed with renal artery aneurysm in ultrasonography...
August 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978289/-we-have-heard-it-together-a-qualitative-analysis-of-couple-hiv-testing-and-counselling-recruitment-in-malawi-s-option-b-programme
#19
Nora E Rosenberg, Rebecca Gross, Tiwonge Mtande, Suzanne Maman, Carol E Golin, Friday Saidi, Olivia Manthalu, Irving Hoffman, Mina C Hosseinipour, William C Miller
Encouraging HIV-infected pregnant women to recruit male partners for couple HIV testing and counselling (CHTC) is promoted by the World Health Organization, but remains challenging. Formal strategies for recruiting the male partners of pregnant women have not been explored within an Option B+ programme. Our objective was to learn about experiences surrounding CHTC recruitment within a formal CHTC recruitment study. A randomised controlled trial comparing two CHTC recruitment strategies was conducted among HIV-infected pregnant women presenting to Bwaila Antenatal Unit in 2014...
September 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978288/delivering-culturally-sensitive-sexual-health-education-in-western-kenya-a-phenomenological-case-study
#20
Gary Lacey
While generic programmes have been created to raise sexual health awareness, these cannot always be applied to communities whose cultures and circumstances make them especially vulnerable to infection. Taking a phenomenological approach, this paper examines the circumstances of the Gusii people of Kisii, Kenya, and examines the specific challenges of providing sexual health education to the community as experienced by an ethnic Gusii woman, Joyce Ombasa. Joyce's story reveals that the Gusii living in and around rural villages have several cultural characteristics that make them susceptible to HIV/AIDS and that render community health education problematic, especially if offered by a female educator of the same ethnicity...
September 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
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