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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728348/effect-of-antiretroviral-therapy-art-on-change-in-fertility-intentions-of-hiv-positive-women-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-prospective-follow-up-study
#1
Hussen Mekonnen
Objectives: The study aimed to assess change in fertility intentions 12 months after ART initiation among HIV positive women in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Methods: Institution based follow up study was conducted, among 360 HIV positive women in Addis Ababa; from June 2012 to October 2013. Logistic regression model was used to assess the influence socio-demographic, reproductive health and clinical characteristics on the change in fertility intention of women. Results: Overall, 41...
July 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726748/effect-of-air-pollution-on-menstrual-cycle-length-a-prognostic-factor-of-women-s-reproductive-health
#2
Anna Merklinger-Gruchala, Grazyna Jasienska, Maria Kapiszewska
Air pollution can influence women's reproductive health, specifically menstrual cycle characteristics, oocyte quality, and risk of miscarriage. The aim of the study was to assess whether air pollution can affect the length of the overall menstrual cycle and the length of its phases (follicular and luteal). Municipal ecological monitoring data was used to assess the air pollution exposure during the monitored menstrual cycle of each of 133 woman of reproductive age. Principal component analyses were used to group pollutants (PM10, SO₂, CO, and NOx) to represent a source-related mixture...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724184/treatment-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-with-myo-inositol-analyzing-the-cutting-edge-starting-from-a-peculiar-case
#3
L Costabile, V Unfer
OBJECTIVE: The robust data about myo-inositol (Myo-Ins) safety profile and effectiveness opened a new scenario for the treatment and prevention of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM). We report our experience about a case of GDM successfully treated with Myo-Ins. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An overweight 29-year-old Caucasian pregnant woman, nulliparous, affected by GDM, according to the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Guideline. After diagnosis, the patient underwent regular glycemia checks: mean fasting blood glucose value was 103...
June 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723674/nanoparticles-and-female-reproductive-system-how-do-nanoparticles-affect-oogenesis-and-embryonic-development
#4
REVIEW
Cong-Cong Hou, Jun-Quan Zhu
Along with the increasing application of nanoparticles (NPs) in many walks of life, environmental exposure to NPs has raised considerable health concerns. When NPs enter a pregnant woman's body through inhalation, venous injection, ingestion or skin permeation, maternal toxic stress reactions such as reactive oxygen species (ROS), inflammation, apoptosis and endocrine dyscrasia are induced in different organs, particularly in the reproductive organs. Recent studies have shown that NPs disturb the developing oocyte by invading the protective barrier of theca cells, granulosa cell layers and zona pellucida...
July 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722627/evaluation-of-malaria-screening-during-pregnancy-with-rapid-diagnostic-tests-performed-by-community-health-workers-in-burkina-faso
#5
Esmée Ruizendaal, Henk D F H Schallig, Susana Scott, Maminata Traore-Coulibaly, John Bradley, Palpouguini Lompo, Natama H Magloire, Ousmane Traore, Innocent Valea, Susan Dierickx, Koiné M Drabo, Franco Pagnoni, Umberto d' Alessandro, Halidou Tinto, Petra F Mens
One of the current strategies to prevent malaria in pregnancy is intermittent preventive treatment with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP). However, in order for pregnant women to receive an adequate number of SP doses, they should attend a health facility on a regular basis. In addition, SP resistance may decrease IPTp-SP efficacy. New or additional interventions for preventing malaria during pregnancy are therefore warranted. Because it is known that community health workers (CHWs) can diagnose and treat malaria in children, in this study screening and treatment of malaria in pregnancy by CHWs was evaluated as an addition to the regular IPTp-SP program...
July 10, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722175/how-the-community-shapes-unmet-need-for-modern-contraception-an-analysis-of-44-demographic-and-health-surveys
#6
Nicholas Metheny, Rob Stephenson
Unmet need for modern contraception is a major public health concern in resource-constrained countries. Recent research supports the application of social-ecological theories to explain how characteristics of a woman's community shape modern contraception use. However, this research focuses largely on individual countries and uses a limited number of community-level effects. We fitted three random-effects logistic regression models to examine associations between 13 community-level variables and the odds of reporting unmet need, unmet need for spacing, and unmet need for limiting for all parous, female respondents in 44 DHS surveys collected in 2010-2015 (n=528,101)...
July 19, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720232/meta-analysis-of-the-predictive-factors-of-postpartum-fatigue
#7
Hanan A Badr, Jaclene A Zauszniewski
PURPOSE: Nearly 64% of new mothers are affected by fatigue during the postpartum period, making it the most common problem that a woman faces as she adapts to motherhood. Postpartum fatigue can lead to serious negative effects on the mother's health and the newborn's development and interfere with mother-infant interaction. The aim of this meta-analysis was to identify predictive factors of postpartum fatigue and to document the magnitude of their effects using effect sizes. METHOD: We used two search engines, PubMed and Google Scholar, to identify studies that met three inclusion criteria: (a) the article was written in English, (b) the article studied the predictive factors of postpartum fatigue, and (c) the article included information about the validity and reliability of the instruments used in the research...
August 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720152/using-couples-discordant-reports-to-estimate-female-covert-use-of-modern-contraception-in-sub-saharan-africa
#8
Natalie C Gasca, Stan Becker
Substantial numbers of married women use contraceptives without their partner's knowledge in sub-Saharan Africa, but studies of female covert use across time are rare. This study investigates the levels, trends and correlates of covert use in nine countries and determines which contraceptive methods are more frequently used covertly by women. Data from monogamous couples in Demographic and Health Surveys were used from nine sub-Saharan African countries that had experienced an increase of 10 percentage points in current modern contraceptive use between an earlier (1991-2004) and later (2007-2011) survey...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720130/psychosocial-and-behavioral-impact-of-breast-cancer-risk-assessed-by-testing-for-common-risk-variants-protocol-of-a-prospective-study
#9
Tatiane Yanes, Bettina Meiser, Mary-Anne Young, Rajneesh Kaur, Gillian Mitchell, Kristine Barlow-Stewart, Tony Roscioli, Jane Halliday, Paul James
BACKGROUND: The 'common variant, common disease' model predicts that a significant component of hereditary breast cancer unexplained by pathogenic variants in moderate or high-penetrance genes is due to the cumulative effect of common risk variants in DNA (polygenic risk). Assessing a woman's breast cancer risk by testing for common risk variants can provide useful information for women who would otherwise receive uninformative results by traditional monogenic testing. Despite increasing support for the utility of common risk variants in hereditary breast cancer, research findings have not yet been integrated into clinical practice...
July 18, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720025/perspectives-on-induced-abortion-among-palestinian-women-religion-culture-and-access-in-the-occupied-palestinian-territories
#10
Sarrah Shahawy, Megan B Diamond
Induced abortion is an important public health issue in the occupied Palestinian territories (OPT), where it is illegal in most cases. This study was designed to elicit the views of Palestinian women on induced abortion given the unique religious, ethical and social challenges in the OPT. Sixty Palestinian women were interviewed on their perceptions of the religious implications, social consequences and accessibility of induced abortions in the OPT at Al-Makassed Islamic Charitable Hospital in East Jerusalem...
July 19, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718492/-hiv-and-syphilis-coinfection-in-pregnancy-and-vertical-hiv-transmission-a-study-based-on-epidemiological-surveillance-data
#11
Lisiane M W Acosta, Tonantzin Ribeiro Gonçalves, Nêmora Tregnago Barcellos
Objective: To estimate the rate of HIV and syphilis coinfection among pregnant women living in Porto Alegre, Brazil, as well as the association of coinfection with vertical HIV transmission and socioeconomic variables. Method: This analytical retrospective cross-sectional study employed data from the regular epidemiological surveillance system for the period from 2010 to 2013. Data were obtained regarding pregnant women with HIV and exposed children, syphilis in pregnancy, and congenital syphilis...
December 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718251/comparison-of-dietary-practices-and-body-mass-index-among-educated-housewives-and-working-women-in-karachi
#12
Lubna Raza, Tahira Mohsin Ali, Abid Hasnain
BACKGROUND: Body Mass Index (BMI) is considered as a major determinant of health. The objective of study was to find out differences between dietary practices, as well as BMI in educated housewives and working woman. It is supposed that both study groups may have difference in work pressures with resultant diverse preferences for food. This can affect health status particularly in relation to obesity in women. Furthermore, we selected participants with 14 years' education expecting basic awareness of healthful diet...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717717/management-and-care-of-women-with-invasive-cervical-cancer-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-resource-stratified-clinical-practice-guideline
#13
Linus T Chuang, Sarah Temin, Rolando Camacho, Alfonso Dueñas-Gonzalez, Sarah Feldman, Murat Gultekin, Vandana Gupta, Susan Horton, Graciela Jacob, Elizabeth A Kidd, Kennedy Lishimpi, Carolyn Nakisige, Joo-Hyun Nam, Hextan Yuen Sheung Ngan, William Small, Gillian Thomas, Jonathan S Berek
PURPOSE: To provide evidence-based, resource-stratified global recommendations to clinicians and policymakers on the management and palliative care of women diagnosed with invasive cervical cancer. METHODS: ASCO convened a multidisciplinary, multinational panel of cancer control, medical and radiation oncology, health economic, obstetric and gynecologic, and palliative care experts to produce recommendations reflecting resource-tiered settings. A systematic review of literature from 1966 to 2015 failed to yield sufficiently strong quality evidence to support basic- and limited-resource setting recommendations; a formal consensus-based process was used to develop recommendations...
October 2016: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717699/opportunistic-breast-cancer-education-and-screening-in-rural-honduras
#14
Linda S Kennedy, Suyapa A Bejarano, Tracy L Onega, Derek S Stenquist, Mary D Chamberlin
PURPOSE: In Honduras, the breast cancer burden is high, and access to women's health services is low. This project tested the connection of community-based breast cancer detection with clinical diagnosis and treatment in a tightly linked and quickly facilitated format. METHODS: The Norris Cotton Cancer Center at Dartmouth College partnered with the Honduran cancer hospital La Liga Contra el Cancer to expand a cervical cancer screening program, which included self-breast exam (SBE) education and clinical breast exams (CBEs), to assess patient attitudes about and uptake of breast cancer education and screening services...
August 2016: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716774/social-considerations-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-southern-israel
#15
Jonathan Taylor, Chase Neff
Chronic diseases pose unique social challenges beyond traditional health considerations that require specific attention. In this report, we examine the case of a middle-aged woman with ulcerative colitis, living in Southern Israel. Trust between the patient and physician is shown to positively influence a variety of therapeutic outcomes and should be considered a fundamental component of successful care. In context of the military conflict between Israel and Gaza, the needs of patients with chronic diseases cannot be forgotten...
July 17, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716072/effect-of-prenatal-exposure-to-maternal-cortisol-and-psychological-distress-on-infant-development-in-bengaluru-southern-india-a-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Anita Nath, Gudlavalleti Venkata Satyanarayana Murthy, Giridhara R Babu, Gian Carlo Di Renzo
BACKGROUND: The mental health status of a pregnant woman and its consequent impact on foetal well being is not given much importance compared to the risk imposed by obstetric complications and medical conditions. Maternal psychological distress is a major public health problem and needs timely detection and intervention to prevent any adverse pregnancy outcome. There is ample evidence from literature that justifies the association of prenatal maternal mental stress and elevated cortisol with delayed infant motor and cognitive development; evidence from India being rather limited...
July 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715625/-myelofibrosis-in-a-benzene-exposed-cleaning-worker
#17
Roser Bausà, Lydia Navarro, Imma Cortès-Franch
Long-term exposure to benzene has been associated with several blood malignancies, including aplastic anemia, myeloproliferative neoplasms, and different leukemias. We present a case of primary myelofibrosis in a 59-year-old woman who worked as a cleaner at a car dealership and automobile mechanic shop. For 25 years, she used gasoline as a degreaser and solvent to clean engine parts, floors and work desks on a daily basis. She was referred by her primary care provider to the Occupational Health Unit of Barcelona to assess whether her illness was work-related...
July 2017: Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715621/electroconvulsive-therapy-during-pregnancy
#18
Aubrey Thyen, Puneet Narang, Simrat Sarai, Gulay Tegin, Steven Lippmann
Women often experience worsening mood disorder symptoms during pregnancy. Women with mood disorders have an increased risk for suboptimal prenatal care, inadequate weight gain, and more substance abuse during pregnancy. It is often difficult to balance pharmacotherapy risks to a developing fetus versus not medicinally treating maternal mental health conditions. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a rapid and effective treatment option that can be an appropriate intervention in some women during pregnancy. This report presents an overview of ECT in pregnancy and the case of a 28-year-old pregnant woman with bipolar mania who responded well to ECT...
July 13, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715497/risk-of-gestational-hypertension-preeclampsia-in-women-with-preceding-endometriosis-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#19
Mei-Lien Pan, Li-Ru Chen, Hsiao-Mei Tsao, Kuo-Hu Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between preceding endometriosis and gestational hypertension-preeclampsia (GH-PE). METHODS: In this nationwide population-based longitudinal study, data from 1998-2012 Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database were used. We used ICD9-CM codes 617.X and 642.X respectively for the diagnoses of endometriosis and GH-PE, which were further confirmed by examining medical records of surgeries, blood pressure and urine protein to ensure the accuracy of the diagnoses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714334/-regional-inequalities-of-health-status-of-pregnant-women-in-hungary-long-term-series-analysis
#20
Ágota Moravcsik-Kornyicki, Zsigmond Kósa, Anikó Gyulai, Renáta Jávorné Erdei, Karolina Kósa
INTRODUCTION: Monitoring the health status of populations is essential for good health policy decisions. This is particularly true in maternal and child health where targeted and timely interventions may have long-term consequences. AIM: Our objective was to describe changes in the health status of pregnant women at the national and county level during the period of 1997-2012. METHOD: Data were extracted from the mandatory annual reports of district nurses responsible for primary maternal care...
July 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
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