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woman health

Lihsieh Marrero, Odaléa Maria Brüggemann
OBJECTIVE: To identify the types of institutional violence of childbirth reported by the woman, the birth companion and health professionals. METHOD: Integrative review that analyzed 33 articles in the LILACS, BDENF, INDEXPSI, regional SciELO, Scopus, Web Of Science and PubMed databases. RESULTS: Women were the main violence rapporteur, with predominance of the psychological type. Precarious infrastructure and the imposition of professional decisions were identified by the companion as violence...
May 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Marta K Walczak-Galezewska, Damian Skrypnik, Monika Szulinska, Katarzyna Skrypnik, Pawel Bogdanski
RATIONALE: Acute calculous cholecystitis is a prevalent disease whose diagnosis and management still face significant debate. Although the overall incidence of gallstone disease is 18.8% in European women aged 30 to 69 years, there is little data and experience in managing acute calculous cholecystitis in populations over 80 years old. The incidence of acute cholecystitis among the elderly is probably increasing. For the reason, we here highlight the advantages and disadvantage of various treatment and management opens based on a 96-year-old patient...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Thais Coutinho, Olabimpe Lamai, Kara Nerenberg
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the principal killers of women. In this review, we summarize data regarding CVD and mortality after hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP), and highlight clinical, research and policy needs to mitigate this risk. RECENT FINDINGS: Robust data indicate that women with HDP have substantially higher risk of future CVD, with a 3.7-fold increase in the risk of chronic hypertension, a 4.2-fold increase in the risk of heart failure, an 81% increase in the risk of stroke, and double the risk of atrial arrhythmias, coronary heart disease, and mortality when compared to women with normotensive pregnancies...
June 19, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
Mohammad Bagher Rokni, Arezoo Bozorgomid, Peyman Heydarian, Mojgan Aryaeipour
Fascioliasis is a foodborne zoonotic disease caused by the two parasite species Fasciola hepatica and F. gigantica . In spite of the presence of both species of Fasciola in the livestock, to our knowledge, to date, no cases of human F. gigantica infection have been reported in Iran officially. Here, we report such a case in a 25 yr old woman referred to The Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran in 2016. CT imaging and MRCP revealed an ill-defined lesion of segments of liver...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Guylaine Lefebvre, Catherine Allaire, John Jeffrey, George Vilos
OBJECTIVE: To identify the indications for hysterectomy, preoperative assessment, and available alternatives required prior to hysterectomy. Patient self-reported outcomes of hysterectomy have revealed high levels of patient satisfaction. These may be maximized by careful preoperative assessment and discussion of other treatment choices. In most cases hysterectomy is performed to relieve symptoms and improve quality of life. The patient's preference regarding treatment alternatives must be considered carefully...
July 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Monica Navaro, Luigi Vezzosi, Gabriella Santagati, Italo Francesco Angelillo
The study assessed knowledge, attitudes, and medication use of a random sample of pregnant women attending outpatient Gynecology and Obstetrics clinics at randomly selected public General and Teaching hospitals in Naples, Italy. A total of 503 women participated. Those more likely to know that a pregnant woman with chronic condition must discuss whether or not to take a medication with the physician were Italian, aged 31-40 years, employed, with no history of abortion, having had a medical problem within the previous year, with a better self-perceived health status, who knew how to use medications during pregnancy, and who needed information on medications...
2018: PloS One
Buffie Longmire-Avital, Chelsea McQueen
Four out of five Black women in the US, over the age of 20 years meet criteria for obesity. A critical determinant of pervasive health disparities, such as obesity, may be the Black woman's sociocultural experience. One part of this experience is the stress that results from daily encounters with microaggressions. Research has been limited on the association of race-related stress with maladaptive health behaviors among Black women and at what age this association is visible. The aim of this exploratory cross-sectional study was to investigate whether perceived race-related stress was associated with an obesity risk behavior, emotional eating...
June 19, 2018: Women & Health
Jennifer Hackel, Jacqueline Fawcett
The purpose of this paper is to discuss the influence of applying Orem's self-care framework practice methodology on the content and comprehensiveness of a case study about a woman who denied having self-care deficits. The discussion begins with presentation of the case as it might have been found in a classroom or health professions journal and contrasts this with application of Orem's self-care framework practice methodology to illustrate how much more comprehensive the content of the case study is and how well it highlights the role of the primary care nurse practitioner in complex geriatric care...
July 2018: Nursing Science Quarterly
S Kallel, R Kallel, S Ayadi, A Ghorbel
INTRODUCTION: We report the first case of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the thyroid gland coexisting with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and Hashimoto's thyroiditis and discuss various theories concerning the histogenesis of SCC of the thyroid gland and the optimal treatment strategy. CASE REPORT: A 54-year-old woman presented with an anterior neck mass measuring 4cm on clinical examination. Imaging showed a suspicious thyroid nodule invading the trachea. Total thyroidectomy with bilateral central lymph node resection was performed...
June 15, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
Leso Munala, Emily Welle, Emily Hohenshell, Nene Okunna
Sexual violence is one of the most common forms of violence against women in Kenya. Recognizing this, the Kenyan government introduced health care sector guidelines for survivors of sexual violence. This study explores the care of rape survivors from the perspective of health-care practitioners and identifies a number of recommendations for improving the quality of care. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 28 health practitioners from eight post-rape care facilities located in Nairobi, Kenya. Data were analyzed using the Colaizzi's 1978 analytical model...
July 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
Gideon Koren, Asher Ornoy, Matitiyahu Berkovich
Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is characterized by severe gestational nausea and vomiting, leading to dehydration, electrolyte imbalance and nutritional deficits. HG adversely affects the health and wellbeing of the woman. However, the detrimental impact of HG on fetal brain development has not been addressed. We evaluate herein the emerging evidence suggesting that HG interferes with human brain development, and discuss putative mechanisms. Evidence emerges from prospective developmental studies in offspring exposed in utero to HG, from studies of pregnancy outcome after in utero exposure to famine, as well as evidence on specific nutritional deficiencies affecting fetal brain development...
June 15, 2018: Reproductive Toxicology
Molly M Quinn, Mitchell P Rosen, Isabel Elaine Allen, Heather G Huddleston, Marcelle I Cedars, Victor Y Fujimoto
STUDY QUESTION: Does the interval from delivery to initiation of a subsequent ART treatment cycle impact clinical pregnancy or live birth rates? SUMMARY ANSWER: An interval from delivery to treatment start of <6 months or ≥24 months is associated with decreased likelihood of clinical pregnancy and live birth. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Short interpregnancy intervals are associated with poor obstetric outcomes in the naturally conceiving population prompting birth spacing recommendations of 18-24 months from international organizations...
June 15, 2018: Human Reproduction
Shrikanth Muralidharan, Arunkumar Acharya, Tejaswi Sevekari, Sanaa Wadwan, Noopur Rajiv Joglekar, Shanthi Margabandhu
Aim and Objective: The women in sex work have no felt need for oral health and much of the stress has always been on sexually transmitted infections (STIs). There is a need for a baseline data for the oral lesions of these women to further assist in the policy formulations and training of personnel for the identification of the oral conditions which need treatment. The aim of the study was to evaluate the presence of oral lesions among female sex workers in the red light area of Pune, India...
May 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Ching-Lung Cheung, Annie W C Kung, Kathryn C B Tan
Menopause is an important transition of reproductive stage in a woman's life. It is associated with diabetes, but the role of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), a menopause-related hormone, in the risk of diabetes is largely unknown. We evaluated the relationship between serum FSH and diabetes in 1274 participants from the Hong Kong Osteoporosis Study aged≥55 at baseline. We also searched relevant databases for studies on serum FSH and incident diabetes and conducted a meta-analysis using fixed-effect modeling...
August 2018: Maturitas
Ghislaine Young
Catherine is an Advanced Nurse Practitioner and runs clinics in primary care where she is qualified to assess and manage patients autonomously. Today Joan, an elderly woman in her mid-80s, attends for a general health check-up. She is hypertensive and has a history of coronary artery disease. Joan is widowed and lives with her only son.
June 2018: Revue de L'infirmière
L Brackenridge, N Finer, R L Batterham, K Pedram, T Ding, J Stephenson, J Barry, P Hardiman
Obesity during pregnancy is associated with increased risks of thromboembolism, gestational diabetes, pre-eclampsia, miscarriage, congenital anomaly, macrosomia and stillbirth. The current practice, directed at reducing gestational weight gain, is largely ineffective. The present pilot study was designed to assess the acceptability of a 24-week intensive weight management programme (IWMP; full meal replacement followed by partial meal replacement and weight stabilization) to achieve weight loss for women with obesity requesting removal of their intra-uterine contraceptive device in order to conceive...
June 11, 2018: Clinical Obesity
Ning Liu, Simone N Vigod, M Michèle Farrugia, Marcelo L Urquia, Joel G Ray
BACKGROUND: A woman's risk of venous thromboembolism during pregnancy is estimated to be two-to-six times higher than her risk when she is not pregnant. Such risk estimates are largely based on pregnancies that result in delivery of a newborn baby; no estimates exist for the risk of venous thromboembolism after induced abortion, another common pregnancy outcome. To fill this knowledge gap, we aimed to assess the risk of venous thromboembolism in women whose first pregnancy ended with induced abortion...
June 8, 2018: Lancet Haematology
Gábor Lukács, Zoltán Tóth, Dávid Sipos, Melinda Csima, Janaki Hadjiev, Gábor Bajzik, Zsolt Cselik, Dávid Semjén, Imre Repa, Árpád Kovács
Background and purpose: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common malignant primary anomaly of central nervous system. The GBM infiltrates the nearly sturctures from the initial tumor and its metastatic attribution is well known. The aim of our single-centered retrospective study was to introduce the importance of postoperative medical imaging confirmation of total tumor resection for patient with GBM combined concomitant and adjuvant chemoradiotherapy on a 10 year long patient follow up...
March 30, 2018: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
Mohammed K Ali, Heba A Botros, Sayed A Mostafa
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the traction placed to a transcervical Foley catheter balloon inserted for induction of mid trimester missed abortion results in faster times to abortion. STUDY DESIGN: It was randomized clinical trial conducted at Assiut Woman's Health Hospital, Egypt, from September 2016 to August 2017 on women with missed abortion in the midtrimester. Participants were randomly assigned to transcervical Foley catheter balloon insertion with or without traction...
June 10, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Tzipi Buchman-Wildbaum, Borbála Paksi, Edit Sebestyén, Bernadette Kun, Katalin Felvinczi, Ágoston Schmelowszky, Mark D Griffiths, Zsolt Demetrovics, Róbert Urbán
Despite the improving mental health literacy of the public over recent years, people's attitudes towards people with the diagnosis of mental illness do not appeared to have changed. Long-term studies are scarce and mainly limited to Northwestern Europe. Given that no study has ever been carried out in Hungary, the present study examined attitudinal trends towards mentally ill people in the country, and evaluated its determinants using one item of the Social Distance Scale to assess social rejection towards others...
May 23, 2018: Psychiatry Research
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