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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931079/an-evidence-based-evaluation-of-transferrable-skills-and-job-satisfaction-for-science-phds
#1
Melanie Sinche, Rebekah L Layton, Patrick D Brandt, Anna B O'Connell, Joshua D Hall, Ashalla M Freeman, Jessica R Harrell, Jeanette Gowen Cook, Patrick J Brennwald
PhD recipients acquire discipline-specific knowledge and a range of relevant skills during their training in the life sciences, physical sciences, computational sciences, social sciences, and engineering. Empirically testing the applicability of these skills to various careers held by graduates will help assess the value of current training models. This report details results of an Internet survey of science PhDs (n = 8099) who provided ratings for fifteen transferrable skills. Indeed, analyses indicated that doctoral training develops these transferrable skills, crucial to success in a wide range of careers including research-intensive (RI) and non-research-intensive (NRI) careers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930965/bayesian-clinical-trial-designs-another-option-for-trauma-trials
#2
Jan O Jansen, Philip Pallmann, Graeme MacLennan, Marion K Campbell
Conducting clinical trials in trauma care is challenging. As new treatments become available, we are faced with the dilemma of how to confirm their effectiveness and strengthen the evidence base. Randomized controlled trials are the criterion standard, but target groups in trauma care are often small and specialized, making the classic approach to trial design difficult. Bayesian designs represent an innovative means of increasing trial efficiency and conducting trials with more realistic sample sizes. This article examines the design of such trials, using the UK-REBOA Trial as an example...
October 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930964/military-civilian-partnership-in-device-innovation-development-commercialization-and-application-of-resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-of-the-aorta
#3
Todd E Rasmussen, Jonathan L Eliason
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930862/an-innovative-ergometer-to-measure-neuromuscular-fatigue-immediately-after-cycling
#4
Douglas Doyle-Baker, John Temesi, Mary E Medysky, Robert J Holash, Guillaume Y Millet
PURPOSE: When assessing neuromuscular fatigue (NMF) from dynamic exercise using large muscle mass (e.g. cycling), most studies have delayed measurement for 1-3 min after task failure. This study aimed to determine the reliability of an innovative cycling ergometer permitting the start of fatigue measurement within 1 s after cycling. METHODS: Twelve subjects participated in two experimental sessions. Knee-extensor NMF was assessed by electrical nerve and transcranial magnetic stimulation with both a traditional chair set-up (PRE and POST-Chair, 2 min post-exercise) and the new cycling ergometer (PRE, every 3 min during incremental exercise and POST-Bike, at task failure)...
September 19, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930816/a-comparative-study-of-interprofessional-education-in-global-health-care-a-systematic-review
#5
Chulani Herath, Yangfeng Zhou, Yong Gan, Naomie Nakandawire, Yanghong Gong, Zuxun Lu
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) and its partners identify interprofessional (IP) collaboration in education and practice as an innovative strategy that plays an important role in mitigating the global health workforce crisis. Evidence on the practice of global health level in interprofessional education (IPE) is scarce and hampered due to the absence of aggregate information. Therefore, this systematic review was conducted to examine the incidences of IPE and summarize the main features about the IPE programs in undergraduate and postgraduate education in developed and developing countries...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930760/medical-education-and-health-care-delivery-a-call-to-better-align-goals-and-purposes
#6
David P Sklar, Paul A Hemmer, Steven J Durning
The transformation of the U.S. health care system is under way, driven by the needs of an aging population, rising health care spending, and the availability of health information. However, the speed and effectiveness of the transformation of health care delivery will depend, in large part, upon engagement of the health professions community and changes in clinicians' practice behaviors. Current efforts to influence practice behaviors emphasize changes in the health payment system with incentives to move from fee-for-service to alternative payment models...
September 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930707/re-evaluating-the-ethics-of-uterine-transplantation
#7
Danish Zaidi
In February 2016, the Cleveland Clinic initiated the first attempt at cadaveric uterine transplantation (UTx) in the United States. The transplantation was ultimately unsuccessful, but it opened doors for further research on both live and cadaveric UTx. While initial strides toward successful transplantation have been made, questions persist on the ethics of UTx: whether the uterus is a vital organ, whether we should prioritize live or cadaveric options, and how the procedure should be covered by health insurance...
2017: Journal of Clinical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930612/genetic-addiction-risk-score-gars-%C3%A2-a-predictor-of-vulnerability-to-opioid-dependence
#8
Kenneth Blum, Amanda L C Chen, Panayotis K Thanos, Marcelo Febo, Zsolt Demetrovics, Kristina Dushaj, Abraham Kovoor, David Baron, David E Smith, Alphonso Kenison Roy Iii, Lyle Fried, Thomas J H Chen, Edwin Chapman, Edward Modestino, Bruce Steinberg, Rajendra D Badgaiyan
The interaction of neurotransmitters and genes that control the release of dopamine is the Brain Reward Cascade (BRC). Variations within the BRC, whether genetic or epigenetic, may predispose individuals to addictive behaviors and altered pain tolerance. This discussion authored by a group of concerned scientists and clinicians examines the Genetic Addiction Risk Score (GARS), the first test to accurately predict vulnerability to pain, addiction, and other compulsive behaviors, defined as Reward Deficiency Syndrome (RDS)...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Elite Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930547/use-of-non-ionizing-electromagnetic-fields-for-the-treatment-of-cancer
#9
Hugo Jimenez, Carl Blackman, Glenn Lesser, Waldemar Debinski, Michael Chan, Sambad Sharma, Kounosuke Watabe, Hui-Wen Lo, Alexandra Thomas, Dwayne Godwin, William Blackstock, Albert Mudry, James Posey, Rodney O'Connor, Ivan Brezovich, Keith Bonin, Daniel Kim-Shapiro, Alexandre Barbault, Boris Pasche
Cancer treatment and treatment options are quite limited in circumstances such as when the tumor is inoperable, in brain cancers when the drugs cannot penetrate the blood-brain-barrier, or when there is no tumor-specific target for generation of effective therapeutic antibodies. Despite the fact that electromagnetic fields (EMF) in medicine have been used for therapeutic or diagnostic purposes, the use of non-ionizing EMF for cancer treatment is a new emerging concept. Here we summarize the history of EMF from the 1890's to the novel and new innovative methods that target and treat cancer by non-ionizing radiation...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930256/vetiver-essential-oil-in-cosmetics-what-is-new
#10
Pauline Burger, Anne Landreau, Marie Watson, Laurent Janci, Viviane Cassisa, Marie Kempf, Stéphane Azoulay, Xavier Fernandez
Background: Vetiver is a key ingredient for the perfume industry nowadays. However, with the constant and rapid changes of personal tastes, this appeal could vanish and this sector could decline quite quickly. New dissemination paths need to be found to tap this valuable resource. Methods: In this way, its potential use in cosmetics either as an active ingredient per se (with cosmeceutical significance or presenting antimicrobial activity) has hence been explored in vitro. Results: In this contribution, we demonstrated that vetiver essential oil displays no particularly significant and innovative cosmetic potential value in formulations apart from its scent already largely exploited...
June 16, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930234/nonspecific-feelings-expected-and-experienced-during-or-immediately-after-electroacupuncture-a-pilot-study-in-a-teaching-situation
#11
David F Mayor, Lara S McClure, J Helgi Clayton McClure
BACKGROUND: Some feelings elicited by acupuncture-type interventions are "nonspecific", interpretable as resulting from the placebo effect, our own self-healing capacities-or, indeed, the flow of qi. Expectation is thought to contribute to these nonspecific effects. Here we describe the use of two innovative 20-item questionnaires (EXPre20 and EXPost20) in a teaching situation. METHODS: Respondents were acupuncture students or practitioners on electroacupuncture (EA) training courses (N = 68)...
April 8, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930198/joint-decisions-on-production-and-pricing-with-strategic-consumers-for-green-crowdfunding-products
#12
Yuting Chen, Rong Zhang, Bin Liu
Green crowdfunding is developing as a novel and popular transaction method, which can largely improve the efficiency of raising initial funds and selling innovative green products or services. In this paper, we explore the creator's joint decisions regarding green crowdfunding products of different quality levels that can sufficiently satisfy consumer preferences. Firstly, considering the characteristics of a green crowdfunding product, we present four pricing strategies when substitutes exist. Then we propose the optimal pricing strategies to maximize the total profit for the creator under different circumstances, facing strategic and myopic consumers...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930044/surgical-research-and-innovation-desperately-needs-support-a-reponse-to-toward-a-new-school-of-surgical-research
#13
Michel Carrier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929945/innovative-pcr-without-dna-extraction-for-african-sickle-cell-disease-diagnosis
#14
L Detemmerman, S Olivier, V Bours, F Boemer
OBJECTIVES: Hemoglobin (Hb) disorders consist of thalassemia and Hb structural variants, of which the major forms are associated with severe anemia and/or vascular occlusion. Current diagnostic techniques are highly accurate and mostly based on isoelectric focusing, high-performance liquid chromatography or mass spectrometry, which often require advanced laboratory equipment. In sub-Saharan Africa, the Hb disorders are mainly associated to the pathological variants hemoglobin S (HbS) and HbC...
September 20, 2017: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929901/the-dementia-friendly-emergency-department-an-innovation-to-reducing-incompatibilities-at-the-local-level
#15
Belinda Parke, Kathleen F Hunter
Emergency Departments (EDs) are an integral part of the Canadian healthcare system. Older people living with dementia challenge EDs. They have complex health profiles that pose multiple challenges for staff. The current one-size-fits-all approach that aids efficiency in a technologically dependent hospital setting may not always serve older people living with dementia, their caregivers, or staff well. The premise that older people living with dementia are a problem for Canadian EDs must be reconsidered. Understanding the complexity of the situation is aided by the dementia-friendly ED framework...
January 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929896/une-analyse-%C3%A3-thique-appropri%C3%A3-e-s-impose
#16
Don Flaming
Les leaders en santé gèrent de nombreux types de risques. Le risque éthique associé aux multiples projets et activités, réalisés régulièrement hors du secteur de la recherche, est probablement négligé (p. ex., évaluation de programmes, amélioration de la qualité et innovation en santé). La mise en application de l'éthique clinique, personnelle, professionnelle et organisationnelle peut contribuer à atténuer les risques, mais ensemble ou séparément, ces divers types d'éthique ne suffisent pas...
January 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929875/using-structured-incentives-to-increase-value-for-money-in-an-academic-health-sciences-centre
#17
Guy J Hébert, Connie Colasante, Renate G Ilse, Alan J Forster
As healthcare continues to consume more and more of provincial government spending, there is a continuing pressure to improve efficiency and cut overall costs. In this increasingly constrained healthcare system, value for money is a growing focus of discussions around accountability and system sustainability; healthcare leaders are required to find ways of measuring, enforcing, and reporting on that value. In 2014, our organization began implementing an innovative system of structured incentives, linking distribution of Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care academic physician funding to quality and performance goals...
July 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929867/innovation-productivity-and-pricing-capturing-value-from-precision-medicine-technology-in-canada
#18
J C Herbert Emery, Jennifer D Zwicker
For new technology and innovation such as precision medicine to become part of the solution for the fiscal sustainability of Canadian Medicare, decision-makers need to change how services are priced rather than trying to restrain emerging technologies like precision medicine for short-term cost savings. If provincial public payers shift their thinking to be public purchasers, value considerations would direct reform of the reimbursement system to have prices that adjust with technologically driven productivity gains...
July 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929858/partnering-to-develop-a-talent-pipeline-for-emerging-health-leaders-in-operations-research
#19
Alfred Ng, Carly Henshaw, Michael Carter
In initiating its first central office for Quality Improvement (QI), The Scarborough Hospital (TSH) sought to accelerate momentum towards achieving its "Quality and Sustainability" strategic priority by building internal capacity in the emerging QI specialty of operations research. The Scarborough Hospital reviewed existing models of talent management in conjunction with Lean and improvement philosophies. Through simple guiding principles and in collaboration with the University of Toronto's Centre for Healthcare Engineering, TSH developed a targeted approach to talent management for Operations Research (OR) in the Office of Innovation and Performance Improvement, reduced the time from staffing need to onboarding, accelerated the development of new staff in delivering QI and OR projects, and defined new structures and processes to retain and develop this group of new emerging health leaders...
May 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929857/the-mentorship-imperative-for-health-leadership
#20
Nadia Batara, Tony Woolgar
Mentorship plays an important role in supporting the career development of health leaders. An examination of mentorship programs in different organizational settings provides a frame of reference to discuss and explore personal and professional mentorship experiences. Specifically, between October 2015 and April 2016, the Emerging Health Leaders (EHL) National Health Leadership Conference (NHLC) working group collaborated on an environmental scan of mentorship programs and activities to understand innovations in mentorship...
May 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
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