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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520489/impact-of-the-2016-ecuador-earthquake-on-zika-virus-cases
#1
Diego Vasquez, Ana Palacio, Jose Nuñez, Wladimir Briones, John C Beier, Denisse C Pareja, Leonardo Tamariz
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of the April 2016 7.8-magnitude earthquake in Ecuador on the incidence of Zika virus (ZIKV) cases. METHODS: We used the national public health surveillance system for reportable transmissible conditions and included suspected and laboratory-confirmed ZIKV cases. We compared the number of cases before and after the earthquake in areas closer to and farther from the epicenter. RESULTS: From January to July 2016, 2234 patients suspected of having ZIKV infection were reported in both affected and control areas...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513411/-injuries-resulting-from-accidents-and-violence-in-the-netherlands-results-of-an-emergency-department-register
#2
E F van Beeck, M J M Panneman, S Polinder, B Blatter
- Injuries from accidents and violence are amongst the most important public health issues in the world, including in Europe and the Netherlands.- Using the Dutch Injury Surveillance System and the Dutch Burden of Injury Model, we describe the incidence and costs associated with injuries in the Netherlands that are registered via Emergency Departments (ED). We also map the main causes of injury by age category.- Annually, 700,000 patients attend the ED of a hospital with an injury; 1 in 6 attendees is admitted...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507507/pink1-parkin-dependent-mitochondrial-surveillance-from-pleiotropy-to-parkinson-s-disease
#3
REVIEW
Francois Mouton-Liger, Maxime Jacoupy, Jean-Christophe Corvol, Olga Corti
Parkinson's disease (PD) is one of the most frequent neurodegenerative disease caused by the preferential, progressive degeneration of the dopaminergic (DA) neurons of the substantia nigra (SN) pars compacta. PD is characterized by a multifaceted pathological process involving protein misfolding, mitochondrial dysfunction, neuroinflammation and metabolism deregulation. The molecular mechanisms governing the complex interplay between the different facets of this process are still unknown. PARK2/Parkin and PARK6/PINK1, two genes responsible for familial forms of PD, act as a ubiquitous core signaling pathway, coupling mitochondrial stress to mitochondrial surveillance, by regulating mitochondrial dynamics, the removal of damaged mitochondrial components by mitochondria-derived vesicles, mitophagy, and mitochondrial biogenesis...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493973/prevalence-of-coxiella-burnetii-in-cattle-at-south-korean-national-breeding-stock-farms
#4
Min-Goo Seo, In-Ohk Ouh, Seung-Hun Lee, Jong Wan Kim, Man Hee Rhee, Oh-Deog Kwon, Tae-Hwan Kim, Dongmi Kwak
This is the first study to evaluate the serologic and molecular prevalence of Coxiella burnetii in cattle at national breeding stock farms in South Korea. These government farms have well-organized biosecurity and management systems to prevent livestock diseases. Of the 736 cattle in this study, 77 tested positive for antibodies against C. burnetii antigens (10.5%, 95% CI: 8.3-12.7) and 11 were positive for a C. burnetti infection on PCR analysis (1.5%, 95% CI: 0.6-2.4). Since the 16S rRNA sequences of C. burnetii from all 11 PCR-positive samples were identical, three representative samples (C-CN-3 from the southern region, C-JJ-9 from Jeju Island, and C-CB-37 from the central region) are described in this paper...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493854/state-hcv-incidence-and-policies-related-to-hcv-preventive-and-treatment-services-for-persons-who-inject-drugs-united-states-2015-2016
#5
Cecily A Campbell, Lauren Canary, Nicole Smith, Eyasu Teshale, A Blythe Ryerson, John W Ward
Hepatitis C is associated with more deaths in the United States than 60 other infectious diseases reported to CDC combined. Despite curative hepatitis C virus (HCV) therapies and known preventive measures to interrupt transmission, new HCV infections have increased in recent years (1,2). Injection drug use is the primary risk factor for new HCV infections (2). One potential strategy to decrease the prevalence of HCV is to create and strengthen public health laws and policies aimed specifically at reducing transmission risks among persons who inject drugs...
May 12, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488999/immunisation-information-systems-useful-tools-for-monitoring-vaccination-programmes-in-eu-eea-countries-2016
#6
Tarik Derrough, Kate Olsson, Vincenza Gianfredi, Francois Simondon, Harald Heijbel, Niklas Danielsson, Piotr Kramarz, Lucia Pastore-Celentano
Immunisation Information Systems (IIS) are computerised confidential population based-systems containing individual-level information on vaccines received in a given area. They benefit individuals directly by ensuring vaccination according to the schedule and they provide information to vaccine providers and public health authorities responsible for the delivery and monitoring of an immunisation programme. In 2016, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) conducted a survey on the level of implementation and functionalities of IIS in 30 European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA) countries...
April 27, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487043/epidemiology-of-road-traffic-injury-patients-presenting-to-a-tertiary-hospital-in-hyderabad-india
#7
Isaac W Howley, Shivam Gupta, Shailaja Tetali, Lakshmi K Josyula, Shirin Wadhwaniya, Gopalkrishna Gururaj, Mohan Rao, Adnan A Hyder
BACKGROUND: Road traffic injuries kill more people in India than in any other country in the world, and these numbers are rising with increasing population density and motorization. Official statistics regarding road traffic injuries are likely subject to underreporting. This study presents results of a surveillance program based at a public tertiary hospital in Hyderabad, India. METHODS: All consenting patients who presented to the casualty ward after a road traffic injury over a 9-month period were enrolled...
May 6, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485357/bacteriological-trends-and-antibiotic-susceptibility-patterns-of-clinical-isolates-at-government-cancer-hospital-marathwada
#8
S Nazneen, K Mukta, C Santosh, A Borde
INTRODUCTION: Preventing and starting early treatment of infections in patients whose immunity system is weak due to malignancies can reduce mortality. Since our hospital is a newly constructed one, this study aimed to determine microbial and antibiotic resistance patterns in clinical samples of patients with cancer at our center to start early treatment before the results of clinical tests are known. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study was carried out in the Department of Microbiology, Government Cancer Hospital during the period from January 2016 to December 2016...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484703/the-ilocos-norte-communities-against-rabies-exposure-elimination-project-in-the-philippines-epidemiological-and-economic-aspects
#9
Loida M Valenzuela, Sarah I Jayme, Anna Charinna B Amparo, Louise H Taylor, Maria Pinky Z Dela Cruz, Dianne A Licuan, Rosebelle Gamal-Bitao, Louis H Nel
As canine rabies control in Africa and Asia transitions from research-led proof-of-concept studies to government-led programs for elimination, experience and evidence of their impact and costs must be shared for the benefit of future programs. The Ilocos Norte Communities against Rabies Exposure project was implemented in April 2012 by the provincial veterinary and health offices and supported by many other partners. It delivered a comprehensive dog vaccination program and increased awareness of the need for postexposure prophylaxis (PEP), aiming to eliminate human and animal rabies cases from Ilocos Norte by 2015...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484138/status-of-food-with-function-claims-internet-survey-on-consumers-physicians-and-pharmacists-a-year-later
#10
Tsuyoshi Chiba, Yoko Sato, Etsuko Kobayashi, Keizo Umegaki
"Food with Function Claims" was established on April 1(st) 2015. In the present study, we conducted internet surveillance to examine recognition of "Food with Function Claims" among consumers (n=2,060), physicians (n=515), and pharmacists (n=515). The ratio of recognition of "Food with Function Claims" was 81% among consumers, 93% among physicians, and 98% among pharmacists. However, only 16% of consumers, 23% of physicians, and 44% of pharmacists correctly understood the characteristics of "Food with Function Claims"...
2017: Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi. Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474629/epidemiological-clinical-profile-of-influenza-a-h1n1-2009-virus-infections-during-2015-epidemic-in-rajasthan
#11
Bharti Malhotra, Ruchi Singh, Pratibha Sharma, Deepa Meena, Jyoti Gupta, Aditya Atreya, B R Meena
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009 virus emerged in 2009 and caused pandemic with high morbidity and mortality in India and worldwide. The number of H1N1-positive cases varied in different years in Rajasthan. The objective of the study was to present the epidemiological profile of pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009 virus cases in Rajasthan from January to March 2015. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive, record-based analysis of suspected and confirmed cases of pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009 virus infection in Rajasthan, India, from January to March 2015 was performed...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473308/sa%C3%A3%C2%BAde-na-copa-the-world-s-first-application-of-participatory-surveillance-for-a-mass-gathering-at-fifa-world-cup-2014-brazil
#12
Onicio Leal Neto, George Santiago Dimech, Marlo Libel, Wayner Vieira de Souza, Eduarda Cesse, Mark Smolinski, Wanderson Oliveira, Jones Albuquerque
BACKGROUND: The 2005 International Health Regulations (IHRs) established parameters for event assessments and notifications that may constitute public health emergencies of international concern. These requirements and parameters opened up space for the use of nonofficial mechanisms (such as websites, blogs, and social networks) and technological improvements of communication that can streamline the detection, monitoring, and response to health problems, and thus reduce damage caused by these problems...
May 4, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472440/a-global-cancer-surveillance-framework-within-noncommunicable-disease-surveillance-making-the-case-for-population-based-cancer-registries
#13
Marion Piñeros, Ariana Znaor, Les Mery, Freddie Bray
The growing burden of cancer among several major noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) requires national implementation of tailored public health surveillance. For many emerging economies where emphasis has traditionally been placed on the surveillance of communicable diseases, it is critical to understand the specificities of NCD surveillance and, within it, of cancer surveillance. We propose a general framework for cancer surveillance that permits monitoring the core components of cancer control. We examine communalities in approaches to the surveillance of other major NCDs as well as communicable diseases, illustrating key differences in the function, coverage, and reporting in each system...
January 1, 2017: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469988/polio-in-syria-problem-still-not-solved
#14
Ahmad Al-Moujahed, Fares Alahdab, Heba Abolaban, Leo Beletsky
The reappearance of polio in Syria in mid-2013, 18 years after it was eliminated from the country, manifests the public health catastrophe brought on by the civil war. Among the lessons learned, this outbreak emphasizes the importance of increasing the international financial and logistical support for vaccine and immunization efforts, especially in countries suffering from conflicts. The lack of access to polio accredited laboratory or outright lack of laboratories in settings of conflict should be recognized allowing international surveillance to be strengthened by supplementing the laboratory definition with the clinical definition...
April 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461912/sequelae-of-large-head-metal-on-metal-hip-arthroplasties-current-status-and-future-prospects
#15
REVIEW
Christiaan P van Lingen, Luigi M Zagra, Harmen B Ettema, Cees C Verheyen
Large-head metal-on-metal (MoM) bearings were re-popularised in the late 1990s with the introduction of modern hip resurfacing (HR), followed closely by large metal head total hip arthroplasty (THA). A worldwide increase in the use of MoM hip arthroplasty subsequently saw a sharp decline, due to serious complications.MoM was rapidly adopted in the early 2000s until medical device alerts were issued by government regulatory agencies and national and international organisations, leading to post-marketing surveillance and discontinuation of these implants...
October 2016: EFORT Open Rev
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446198/effect-of-anti-malarial-interventions-on-trends-of-malaria-cases-hospital-admissions-and-deaths-2005-2015-ghana
#16
Maru Aregawi, Keziah L Malm, Mohammed Wahjib, Osae Kofi, Naa-Korkor Allotey, Peprah Nana Yaw, Wilmot Abba-Baffoe, Sylvester Segbaya, Felicia Owusu-Antwi, Abderahmane T Kharchi, Ryan O Williams, Mark Saalfeld, Nibretie Workneh, Estifanos Biru Shargie, Abdisalan M Noor, Constance Bart-Plange
BACKGROUND: Since 2005, the Government of Ghana and its partners, in concerted efforts to control malaria, scaled up the use of artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) and insecticide-treated nets (ITNs). Beginning in 2011, a mass campaign of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) was implemented, targeting all the population. The impact of these interventions on malaria cases, admissions and deaths was assessed using data from district hospitals. METHODS: Records of malaria cases and deaths and availability of ACT in 88 hospitals, as well as at district level, ITN distribution, and indoor residual spraying were reviewed...
April 26, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442014/-surgical-quality-surveillance-and-sustaining-improvement-of-lung-cancer-surgery-based-on-standard-operation-procedure-sop-experience-of-single-surgical-team
#17
Xing Wang, Shi Yan, Yaqi Wang, Nan Wu
BACKGROUND: Standard operation procedure (SOP) could standardize treatment procedure and reduce medical expenses, but SOP drawn by the government may not suit all medical institutions, so individual adjustment made by surgical team is necessary. METHODS: We recorded the information of patients undergoing lung resection, including postoperative hospital stay, medical expenses and ratio of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) rate to evaluate surgical quality sustaining improvement in terms of structure indicator, process indicator and outcome indicator, aiming at exploring the ideal postoperative hospital stay and the best indicators to evaluate surgical quality improvement...
April 20, 2017: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438218/malaria-elimination-in-lao-pdr-the-challenges-associated-with-population-mobility
#18
REVIEW
Sengchanh Kounnavong, Deyer Gopinath, Bouasy Hongvanthong, Chanthalone Khamkong, Odai Sichanthongthip
Although the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) is comparatively small landlocked country with patterns of both in- and out-migration, its human migration situation has been poorly studied. This is despite all of the country's 18 provinces sharing both official and unofficial border checkpoints with neighboring countries. Economic reforms in the last decade have seen a gradual increase in the promotion of foreign investment, and main towns and transportation networks have been expanding thus offering new opportunities for livelihoods and economic activities...
April 25, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434650/global-kidney-health-2017-and-beyond-a-roadmap-for-closing-gaps-in-care-research-and-policy
#19
REVIEW
Adeera Levin, Marcello Tonelli, Joseph Bonventre, Josef Coresh, Jo-Ann Donner, Agnes B Fogo, Caroline S Fox, Ron T Gansevoort, Hiddo J L Heerspink, Meg Jardine, Bertram Kasiske, Anna Köttgen, Matthias Kretzler, Andrew S Levey, Valerie A Luyckx, Ravindra Mehta, Orson Moe, Gregorio Obrador, Neesh Pannu, Chirag R Parikh, Vlado Perkovic, Carol Pollock, Peter Stenvinkel, Katherine R Tuttle, David C Wheeler, Kai-Uwe Eckardt
The global nephrology community recognises the need for a cohesive plan to address the problem of chronic kidney disease (CKD). In July, 2016, the International Society of Nephrology hosted a CKD summit of more than 85 people with diverse expertise and professional backgrounds from around the globe. The purpose was to identify and prioritise key activities for the next 5-10 years in the domains of clinical care, research, and advocacy and to create an action plan and performance framework based on ten themes: strengthen CKD surveillance; tackle major risk factors for CKD; reduce acute kidney injury-a special risk factor for CKD; enhance understanding of the genetic causes of CKD; establish better diagnostic methods in CKD; improve understanding of the natural course of CKD; assess and implement established treatment options in patients with CKD; improve management of symptoms and complications of CKD; develop novel therapeutic interventions to slow CKD progression and reduce CKD complications; and increase the quantity and quality of clinical trials in CKD...
April 20, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431845/infection-prevention-and-control-and-the-refugee-population-experiences-from-the-university-of-louisville-global-health-center
#20
Ruth M Carrico, Linda Goss, Timothy L Wiemken, Rahel S Bosson, Paula Peyrani, William A Mattingly, Allison Pauly, Rebecca A Ford, Stanley Kotey, Julio A Ramirez
BACKGROUND: During 2016, approximately 140,000 individuals entered the United States as part of the federal government refugee resettlement program and established themselves in communities in virtually every state. No national database regarding refugee health currently exists; therefore, little is known about existing infectious diseases, conditions, and cultural practices that impact successful acculturation. The objective of this report is to identify what is currently known about refugees and circumstances important to infection prevention and control with respect to their roles as new community members, employees, and consumers of health care...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
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