keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

government surveillance

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438218/malaria-elimination-in-lao-pdr-the-challenges-associated-with-population-mobility
#1
REVIEW
Sengchanh Kounnavong, Deyer Gopinath, Bouasy Hongvanthong, Chanthalone Khamkong, Odai Sichanthongthip
Although the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) is comparatively small landlocked country with patterns of both in- and out-migration, its human migration situation has been poorly studied. This is despite all of the country's 18 provinces sharing both official and unofficial border checkpoints with neighboring countries. Economic reforms in the last decade have seen a gradual increase in the promotion of foreign investment, and main towns and transportation networks have been expanding thus offering new opportunities for livelihoods and economic activities...
April 25, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434650/global-kidney-health-2017-and-beyond-a-roadmap-for-closing-gaps-in-care-research-and-policy
#2
REVIEW
Adeera Levin, Marcello Tonelli, Joseph Bonventre, Josef Coresh, Jo-Ann Donner, Agnes B Fogo, Caroline S Fox, Ron T Gansevoort, Hiddo J L Heerspink, Meg Jardine, Bertram Kasiske, Anna Köttgen, Matthias Kretzler, Andrew S Levey, Valerie A Luyckx, Ravindra Mehta, Orson Moe, Gregorio Obrador, Neesh Pannu, Chirag R Parikh, Vlado Perkovic, Carol Pollock, Peter Stenvinkel, Katherine R Tuttle, David C Wheeler, Kai-Uwe Eckardt
The global nephrology community recognises the need for a cohesive plan to address the problem of chronic kidney disease (CKD). In July, 2016, the International Society of Nephrology hosted a CKD summit of more than 85 people with diverse expertise and professional backgrounds from around the globe. The purpose was to identify and prioritise key activities for the next 5-10 years in the domains of clinical care, research, and advocacy and to create an action plan and performance framework based on ten themes: strengthen CKD surveillance; tackle major risk factors for CKD; reduce acute kidney injury-a special risk factor for CKD; enhance understanding of the genetic causes of CKD; establish better diagnostic methods in CKD; improve understanding of the natural course of CKD; assess and implement established treatment options in patients with CKD; improve management of symptoms and complications of CKD; develop novel therapeutic interventions to slow CKD progression and reduce CKD complications; and increase the quantity and quality of clinical trials in CKD...
April 20, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431845/infection-prevention-and-control-and-the-refugee-population-experiences-from-the-university-of-louisville-global-health-center
#3
Ruth M Carrico, Linda Goss, Timothy L Wiemken, Rahel S Bosson, Paula Peyrani, William A Mattingly, Allison Pauly, Rebecca A Ford, Stanley Kotey, Julio A Ramirez
BACKGROUND: During 2016, approximately 140,000 individuals entered the United States as part of the federal government refugee resettlement program and established themselves in communities in virtually every state. No national database regarding refugee health currently exists; therefore, little is known about existing infectious diseases, conditions, and cultural practices that impact successful acculturation. The objective of this report is to identify what is currently known about refugees and circumstances important to infection prevention and control with respect to their roles as new community members, employees, and consumers of health care...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425902/evidence-for-the-benefits-of-food-chain-interventions-on-e-coli-0157-h7-nm-prevalence-in-retail-ground-beef-and-human-disease-incidence-a-success-story
#4
Frank Pollari, Tanya Christidis, Katarina D M Pintar, Andrea Nesbitt, Jeff Farber, Marie-Claude Lavoie, Alex Gill, Penelope Kirsch, Roger P Johnson
OBJECTIVES: Human infection with Escherichia coli O157:H7/NM has historically been associated with consumption of undercooked ground beef. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the correlation of the decline in E. coli O157:H7/NM infections in Canada with the introduction of control efforts in ground beef by industry. METHODS: The human incidence of E. coli O157:H7/NM, prevalence in ground beef and interventions from 1996 to 2014 were analyzed. Pathogen prevalence data were obtained from federal government and industry surveillance and inspection/compliance programs...
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418744/taiwan-s-travel-and-border-health-measures-in-response-to-zika
#5
Li-Li Ho, Yu-Hui Tsai, Wang-Ping Lee, Szu-Tsai Liao, Li-Gin Wu, Yi-Chun Wu
Zika virus has recently emerged as a worldwide public health concern. Travel and border health measures stand as one of the main strategies and frontline defenses in responding to international epidemics. As of October 31, 2016, Taiwan has reported 13 imported cases, 5 of which were detected through routine entry screening and active monitoring at international airports. This article shares Taiwan's disease surveillance activities at designated points of entry and travel and border health measures in response to Zika...
March 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418742/taiwan-s-public-health-national-laboratory-system-success-in-influenza-diagnosis-and-surveillance
#6
Ji-Rong Yang, Hwa-Jen Teng, Ming-Tsan Liu, Shu-Ying Li
Taiwan's National Laboratory System is one of the action packages of the Global Health Security Agenda, which was launched by the World Health Organization (WHO) to promote health security as an international priority and to encourage progress toward full implementation of the WHO International Health Regulations (IHR) 2005. The mission of each national laboratory system is to conduct real-time biosurveillance and effective laboratory-based diagnostics, as measured by a nationwide laboratory system able to reliably conduct diagnoses on specimens transported properly to designated laboratories from at least 80% of the regions in the country...
March 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406459/homesound-real-time-audio-event-detection-based-on-high-performance-computing-for-behaviour-and-surveillance-remote-monitoring
#7
Rosa Ma Alsina-Pagès, Joan Navarro, Francesc Alías, Marcos Hervás
The consistent growth in human life expectancy during the recent years has driven governments and private organizations to increase the efforts in caring for the eldest segment of the population. These institutions have built hospitals and retirement homes that have been rapidly overfilled, making their associated maintenance and operating costs prohibitive. The latest advances in technology and communications envisage new ways to monitor those people with special needs at their own home, increasing their quality of life in a cost-affordable way...
April 13, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403016/green-collar-workers-an-emerging-workforce-in-the-environmental-sector
#8
Laura A McClure, William G LeBlanc, Cristina A Fernandez, Lora E Fleming, David J Lee, Kevin J Moore, Alberto J Caban-Martinez
OBJECTIVE: We describe the socio-demographic, occupational, and health characteristics of "green collar" workers, a vital and emerging workforce in energy-efficiency and sustainability. METHODS: We linked data from the 2004 to 2012 National Health Interview Surveys (NHIS) and US Occupational Information Network (O*NET). Descriptive and logistic regression analyses were conducted using green collar worker status as the outcome (n = 143,346). RESULTS: Green collar workers are more likely than non-green workers to be men, age 25 to 64 years, obese, and with less than or equal to high school (HS) education...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392731/implementation-of-the-external-quality-assessment-program-in-brazil
#9
REVIEW
Marcos Kneip Fleury, Maria Elizabeth Menezes, José Abol Correa
The External Quality Assessment (EQA) in Brazil is performed by the National Health Ministry for diseases that are under supervision of Public Health Department. In addition to the government program, the Brazilian Society of Clinical Analysis and the Brazilian Society of Medical Pathology are allowed to provide their programs under the Supervision of National Agency for Sanitary Surveillance (ANVISA) that regulates laboratories to perform EQA programs.
February 15, 2017: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388243/the-current-situation-and-development-of-medical-device-testing-institutes-in-china
#10
Xiaofang Yang, Ruihong Mu, Yubo Fan, Chunren Wang, Deyu Li
This article analyses the current situation and development of Chinese medical device testing institutes from the perspectives of the two most important functions - testing functions and medical device standardization functions. Areas Covered: The objective of the Chinese government regulations for medical device industry is to ensure the safety and effectiveness of medical devices for Chinese patients. To support the regulation system, the Chinese government has established medical device testing institutes at different levels for example, the national, provincial, and municipal levels...
April 2017: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385500/successful-strategies-implemented-towards-the-elimination-of-canine-rabies-in-the-western-hemisphere
#11
REVIEW
Andres Velasco-Villa, Luis E Escobar, Anthony Sanchez, Mang Shi, Daniel G Streicker, Nadia F Gallardo-Romero, Fernando Vargas-Pino, Veronica Gutierrez-Cedillo, Inger Damon, Ginny Emerson
Almost all cases of human rabies result from dog bites, making the elimination of canine rabies a global priority. During recent decades, many countries in the Western Hemisphere have carried out large-scale dog vaccination campaigns, controlled their free-ranging dog populations and enforced legislation for responsible pet ownership. This article reviews progress in eliminating canine rabies from the Western Hemisphere. After briefly summarizing the history of control efforts and describing the approaches listed above, we note that programs in some countries have been hindered by societal attitudes and severe economic disparities, which underlines the need to discuss measures that will be required to complete the elimination of canine rabies throughout the region...
April 4, 2017: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383345/availability-of-foodborne-illness-reporting-mechanisms-for-the-public-on-local-health-department-web-sites
#12
Jenine K Harris, Roger Wong, Megan G Matthew, Raed Mansour
CONTEXT: Foodborne illness is a serious and preventable public health problem, with high health and economic tolls in the United States. Local governments play an important role in food safety, with local health departments (LHDs) responsible for licensing and inspecting restaurants. Foodborne illness complaints from the public result in identification of more serious and critical food safety violations than regularly scheduled inspections; however, few people report foodborne illness...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374090/cancer-survivorship-monitoring-systems-for-the-collection-of-patient-reported-outcomes-a-systematic-narrative-review-of-international-approaches
#13
REVIEW
N Corsini, J Fish, I Ramsey, G Sharplin, I Flight, R Damarell, B Wiggins, C Wilson, D Roder, M Eckert
PURPOSE: This systematic narrative review describes and compares the development and operational approaches of monitoring systems without a clinical care component that collect patient-reported outcome (PRO) data from cancer survivors. METHODS: Searches were conducted using Medline, PubMed, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Library, CINAHL, Scopus, Joanna Briggs Institute EBP Database and Google Scholar (Advanced). Sources of grey literature and websites of relevant organisations were also searched for relevant published and unpublished material...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370709/where-does-the-albumin-go-human-albumin-solution-usage-following-the-implementation-of-a-demand-management-programme
#14
M S Yazdani, A Retter, T Maggs, P Li, M G Robson, C Reid, P Holmes, T Garood, S E Robinson
OBJECTIVE: To outline the Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust (GSTFT) and Evelina London Children's Hospital (ELCH) demand management plan for human albumin solution (HAS) and usage. BACKGROUND: There is no UK-wide guidance governing the use of HAS. A severe shortage in 2015 prompted a Trust demand management programme. Indications were categorised according to locally agreed colour code and ASFA categories. METHODS: Following the implementation of the demand management programme, a 6-month audit of HAS usage was completed...
April 3, 2017: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367028/hepatitis-e-virus-a-leading-cause-of-waterborne-viral-hepatitis-in-northwest-districts-of-punjab-india
#15
Maninder Kaur, Shailpreet K Sidhu, Kanwardeep Singh, Pushpa Devi, Manpreet Kaur, Nachhatar Jit Singh
BACKGROUND: Acute viral hepatitis (AVH) caused by enterically transmitted hepatitis A virus (HAV) and hepatitis E virus (HEV) poses a major health problem in developing countries such as India. Despite improving sanitation, heath awareness, and socioeconomic conditions, these infections continue to occur both in sporadic as well as in epidemic forms in different parts of India. AIMS: The aim of this study is to determine the total as well as age-specific prevalence rates of HAV and HEV in the outbreaks of waterborne hepatitis in districts surrounding Amritsar region of Punjab...
April 2017: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364566/identifying-gaps-in-hiv-service-delivery-across-the-diagnosis-to-treatment-cascade-findings-from-health-facility-surveys-in-six-sub-saharan-countries
#16
Kathryn Church, Kazuyo Machiyama, Jim Todd, Brian Njamwea, Mary Mwangome, Vicky Hosegood, Janet Michel, Samuel Oti, Constance Nyamukapa, Amelia Crampin, Nyaguara Amek, Gertrude Nakigozi, Denna Michael, F Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Jessica Nakiyingi-Miiro, Basia Zaba, Alison Wringe
INTRODUCTION: Despite the rollout of antiretroviral therapy (ART), challenges remain in ensuring timely access to care and treatment for people living with HIV. As part of a multi-country study to investigate HIV mortality, we conducted health facility surveys within 10 health and demographic surveillance system sites across six countries in Eastern and Southern Africa to investigate clinic-level factors influencing (i) use of HIV testing services, (ii) use of HIV care and treatment and (iii) patient retention on ART...
January 12, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361056/eliminating-dog-mediated-rabies-in-sikkim-india-a-10-year-pathway-to-success-for-the-sarah-program
#17
Helen Byrnes, Andrea Britton, Thinlay Bhutia
A third of the world rabies burden is in India. The Sikkim Anti-Rabies and Animal Health (SARAH) program is the first state-wide rabies program in India and demonstrates a successful One Health model of dog-mediated rabies elimination. The SARAH program was created in 2006 as a collaboration between the Government of Sikkim and international non-government organizations-Vets Beyond Borders and Fondation Brigitte Bardot. Activities are directed to canine rabies vaccination, humane dog population control, community education, and treatment of sick and injured animals...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361012/surveillance-and-prayer-comparing-muslim-prison-chaplaincy-in-germany-s-federal-states
#18
Lisa Harms-Dalibon
Moving beyond approaches that emphasise the influence of national ideologies and transnational frameworks on the governance of religious diversity in Western Europe, recent scholarship has underlined the importance of analysing the impact of concrete institutional settings such as hospitals, schools and prisons on the public incorporation of religious minorities. Building on this approach, the present article analyses the emergence of Muslim prison chaplaincies in three German federal states by focussing on how framing strategies of state- and religious actors accommodate the national state-church framework and prison-related norms...
2017: Comparative Migration Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358846/risk-factors-associated-with-tuberculosis-tb-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-a-pair-matched-case-control-study-in-guangxi-china
#19
Zhezhe Cui, Mei Lin, Shaofa Nie, Rushu Lan
BACKGROUND: As one of the poorest provinces in China, Guangxi has a high HIV and TB prevalence, with the annual number of TB/HIV cases reported by health department among the highest in the country. However, studies on the burden of TB-HIV co-infection and risk factors for active TB among HIV-infected persons in Guangxi have rarely been reported. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk factors for active TB among people living with HIV/AIDS in Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region, China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348781/human-clostridium-difficile-infection-caused-by-a-livestock-associated-pcr-ribotype-237-strain-in-western-australia
#20
Alan M Mc Govern, Niki F Foster, Lynette A Pereira, Daniel R Knight, Briony Elliott, Barbara J Chang, Thomas V Riley
INTRODUCTION: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a significant gastrointestinal disease in the developed world and increasingly recognised as a zoonotic infection. In North America and Europe, the PCR ribotype (RT) 078 strain of C. difficile is commonly found in production animals and as a cause of disease in humans although proof of transmission from animals is lacking. This strain is absent in Australian livestock. We report a case of human CDI caused by a strain of C. difficile belonging to known Australian livestock-associated RT 237...
August 2016: JMM Case Reports
keyword
keyword
74539
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"