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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331279/dynamics-of-spatiotemporal-distribution-of-schistosomiasis-in-hubei-province-china
#1
Yan-Yan Chen, Jian-Bing Liu, Yong Jiang, Guo Li, Xiao-Wei Shan, Juan Zhang, Shun-Xiang Cai, Xi-Bao Huang
Schistosomiasis caused by parasitic flatworms of blood flukes, remains a major public health concern in China. The significant progress in controlling schistosomiasis in China over the past decades has resulted in the remarkable reduction in the prevalence and intensity of Schistosoma japonicum infection to an extremely low level. Therefore, the elimination of schistosomiasis has been promoted by the Chinese national government. Hubei Province is the major endemic area, that is, along the middle and low reaches of the Yangtze River in the lake and marshland regions of southern China...
January 10, 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325516/brucellosis-remains-a-neglected-disease-in-the-developing-world-a-call-for-interdisciplinary-action
#2
K A Franc, R C Krecek, B N Häsler, A M Arenas-Gamboa
BACKGROUND: Brucellosis is an endemic zoonotic disease in most of the developing world that causes devastating losses to the livestock industry and small-scale livestock holders. Infected animals exhibit clinical signs that are of economic significance to stakeholders and include reduced fertility, abortion, poor weight gain, lost draught power, and a substantial decline in milk production. In humans, brucellosis typically manifests as a variety of non-specific clinical signs. Chronicity and recurring febrile conditions, as well as devastating complications in pregnant women are common sequelae...
January 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315305/serological-and-molecular-inquiry-of-chagas-disease-in-an-afro-descendant-settlement-in-mato-grosso-do-sul-state-brazil
#3
Mariana Furquim da Silva Martins, Mariane Barroso Pereira, Juliana de Jesus Guimarães Ferreira, Adriana de Oliveira França, Marlon Cézar Cominetti, Eduardo de Castro Ferreira, Maria Elizabeth Moraes Cavalheiros Dorval, Cláudio Lúcio Rossi, Sílvia de Barros Mazon, Eros Antonio de Almeida, Sandra Cecília Botelho Costa, Gláucia Elisete Barbosa Marcon
Furnas do Dionísio is a Brazilian Afro-descendant settlement in the city of Jaraguari, 21.4 miles from Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Approximately 96 families live in this quilombola (Maroon) settlement, also known in Brazil as a remnant community of descendants of African slaves. Recent studies found 20% of households were infested by triatomines, 18% of insects captured in the community were infected by Trypanosoma cruzi, and 22.7% of dogs presented T. cruzi antibodies. The low prevalence of Chagas disease observed in humans in Mato Grosso do Sul State is attributed to its arrival via colonist migration and subsequent transplacental transmission...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306693/the-iraqi-national-study-of-suicide-report-on-suicide-data-in-iraq-in-2015-and-2016
#4
Mohammed J Abbas, Nesif Alhemiary, Emad Abdul Razaq, Shakir Naosh, Louis Appleby
BACKGROUND: Very little is known regarding the epidemiology of suicides in Iraq, given the lack of a national surveillance system. Therefore, the government initiated this project "The Iraqi National Study of Suicide METHODS: The study covered 13 (out of 18) provinces in Iraq. A data collection form was designed by the researchers. The forms were completed by police stations in the 13 provinces. Data were extracted from the legal investigation (which include police investigation, family reports and postmortem reports) of cases of when there was no clear cause of death and where there was final verdict of suicide made by judge after examining these reports...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305043/the-parakeet-protectors-understanding-opposition-to-introduced-species-management
#5
Sarah L Crowley, Steve Hinchliffe, Robbie A McDonald
The surveillance and control of introduced and invasive species has become an increasingly important component of environmental management. However, initiatives targeting 'charismatic' wildlife can be controversial. Opposition to management, and the subsequent emergence of social conflict, present significant challenges for would-be managers. Understanding the substance and development of these disputes is therefore vital for improving the legitimacy and effectiveness of wildlife management. It also provides important insights into human-wildlife relations and the 'social dimensions' of wildlife management...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302515/chasing-viruses-feverishly
#6
Chandrakant Lahariya
A number of viral diseases have emerged and re-emerged in India and globally, in the last few years. Effective prevention and control of these diseases require, in addition to a functioning disease surveillance system, interventions both before and after disease occurrence, and a combination of personal and population services. However, the current efforts to control emerging viral diseases in India has major therapeutic focus (and attention on diagnostic and curative services) and there is limited attention on preventive and promotive components...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279584/immunohistochemical-expression-of-nanog-in-urothelial-carcinoma-of-the-bladder
#7
M K A Md Akhir, H Hussin, A Veerakumarasivam, C S Choy, M A Abdullah, F Abd Ghani
Urothelial carcinoma is a common malignant neoplasm that has a poor prognosis and a high frequency of recurrence and metastasis. Constant disease surveillance with periodic and long term cystoscopy examination is necessary for management of the disease. However, the monitoring and therapy regimen is expensive, incurring a massive burden to patients and the government. Therefore, the development of specific biomarkers for urothelial carcinoma at an early stage and recurrence detection becomes a priority. Homeobox genes are a family of genes that are involved in tumourigenesis...
December 2017: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278933/evaluating-the-contribution-of-the-built-environment-on-obesity-among-new-york-state-students
#8
Adenantera Dwicaksono, Ian Brissette, Guthrie S Birkhead, Christine T Bozlak, Erika G Martin
OBJECTIVES: One third of school-aged children in New York State (NYS) are overweight or obese, with large geographic disparities across local regions. We used NYS student obesity surveillance data to assess whether these geographical variations are attributable to the built environment. METHOD: We combined NYS Student Weight Status Category Reporting System 2010-2012 data with other government publicly available data. Ordinary least squares regression models identified key determinants of school district-level student obesity rates for elementary and middle/high schools...
December 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278750/thymic-stromal-cells-roles-in-atrophy-and-age-associated-dysfunction-of-the-thymus
#9
REVIEW
Sergio Cepeda, Ann V Griffith
Atrophy of the thymus, the primary site of T lymphocyte generation, is a hallmark of the aging immune system. Age-associated thymic atrophy results in diminished output of new, naïve T cells, with immune sequelae that include diminished responses to novel pathogenic challenge and vaccines, as well as diminished tumor surveillance. Although a variety of stimuli are known to regulate transient thymic atrophy, mechanisms governing progressive age-associated atrophy have been difficult to resolve. This has been due in part to the fact that one of the primary targets of age-associated thymic atrophy is a relatively rare population, thymic stromal cells...
December 23, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261435/understanding-q-fever-risk-to-humans-in-minnesota-through-the-analysis-of-spatiotemporal-trends
#10
Julio Alvarez, Tory Whitten, Adam J Branscum, Teresa Garcia-Seco, Jeff B Bender, Joni Scheftel, Andres Perez
Q fever is a widely distributed, yet, neglected zoonotic disease, for which domestic ruminants are considered the main reservoirs in some countries. There are still many gaps in our knowledge of its epidemiology, and the source of sporadic cases is often not determined. In this study, we show how Q fever surveillance data in combination with information routinely collected by government agencies in Minnesota during 1997 to 2015 can be used to characterize patterns of occurrence of Q fever illnesses and detect variables potentially associated with increased human illness...
December 20, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258505/malaria-prevalence-in-mangaluru-city-area-in-the-southwestern-coastal-region-of-india
#11
Kiran K Dayanand, Kishore Punnath, Valleesha Chandrashekar, Rajeshwara N Achur, Srinivas B Kakkilaya, Susanta K Ghosh, Suchetha Kumari, D Channe Gowda
BACKGROUND: Malaria is highly prevalent in many parts of India and the Indian subcontinent. Mangaluru, a city in the southwest coastal region of Karnataka state in India, and surrounding areas are malaria endemic with 10-12 annual parasite index. Despite high endemicity, to-date, very little has been reported on the epidemiology and burden of malaria in this area. METHODS: A cross-sectional surveillance of malaria cases was performed among 900 febrile symptomatic native people (long-time residents) and immigrant labourers (temporary residents) living in Mangaluru city area...
December 19, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250078/mevalonate-metabolism-in-immuno-oncology
#12
REVIEW
Georg Gruenbacher, Martin Thurnher
Immuno-oncology not only refers to the multifaceted relationship between our immune system and a developing cancer but also includes therapeutic approaches that harness the body's immune system to fight cancer. The recognition that metabolic reprogramming governs immunity was a key finding with important implications for immuno-oncology. In this review, we want to explore how activation and differentiation-induced metabolic reprogramming affects the mevalonate pathway for cholesterol biosynthesis in immune and cancer cells...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248989/stratified-prevention-opportunities-and-limitations-report-on-the-1st-interdisciplinary-cardiovascular-workshop-in-augsburg
#13
Gregor Kirchhof, Josef Franz Lindner, Stephan Achenbach, Klaus Berger, Stefan Blankenberg, Heiner Fangerau, Henner Gimpel, Ulrich M Gassner, Jens Kersten, Dorothea Magnus, Herbert Rebscher, Heribert Schunkert, Stephan Rixen, Paulus Kirchhof
Sufficient exercise and sleep, a balanced diet, moderate alcohol consumption and a good approach to handle stress have been known as lifestyles that protect health and longevity since the Middle Age. This traditional prevention quintet, turned into a sextet by smoking cessation, has been the basis of the "preventive personality" that formed in the twentieth century. Recent analyses of big data sets including genomic and physiological measurements have unleashed novel opportunities to estimate individual health risks with unprecedented accuracy, allowing to target preventive interventions to persons at high risk and at the same time to spare those in whom preventive measures may not be needed or even be harmful...
December 16, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246657/consequences-of-restricted-sti-testing-for-young-heterosexuals-in-the-netherlands-on-test-costs-and-qaly-losses
#14
Anita W M Suijkerbuijk, Eelco A B Over, Fleur van Aar, Hannelore M Götz, Birgit H B van Benthem, Anna K Lugnér
BACKGROUND: Due to rising costs caused by increasing demand for sexually transmitted infection (STI) care, the Dutch government changed the funding of STI clinics. In 2015, a more restrictive testing policy was introduced with syphilis and HIV tests only on indication for younger, heterosexual clients. We evaluated intended savings and missed syphilis and/or HIV infections and explored efficiency of possible test policies. METHODS: Using surveillance data from 2011 to 2013 with extensive testing for all, we estimated effects of restrictive testing on test costs, number of infections missed, costs per Quality Adjusted Life Year (QALY) lost, and calculated the net monetary benefit from a government perspective...
December 8, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240724/large-outbreak-of-neisseria-meningitidis-serogroup-c-nigeria-december-2016-june-2017
#15
Chimeremma Nnadi, John Oladejo, Sebastian Yennan, Adesola Ogunleye, Chidinma Agbai, Lawal Bakare, Mohammed Abdulaziz, Amina Mohammed, Mary Stephens, Kyadindi Sumaili, Olivier Ronveaux, Helen Maguire, Debra Karch, Mahmood Dalhat, Martin Antonio, Andre Bita, Ifeanyi Okudo, Patrick Nguku, Ryan Novak, Omotayo Bolu, Faisal Shuaib, Chikwe Ihekweazu
On February 16, 2017, the Ministry of Health in Zamfara State, in northwestern Nigeria, notified the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) of an increased number of suspected cerebrospinal meningitis (meningitis) cases reported from four local government areas (LGAs). Meningitis cases were subsequently also reported from Katsina, Kebbi, Niger, and Sokoto states, all of which share borders with Zamfara State, and from Yobe State in northeastern Nigeria. On April 3, 2017, NCDC activated an Emergency Operations Center (EOC) to coordinate rapid development and implementation of a national meningitis emergency outbreak response plan...
December 15, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239552/the-use-of-geographic-information-system-as-a-tool-for-schistosomiasis-surveillance-in-the-province-of-davao-del-norte-the-philippines
#16
Vicente Y Belizario, John Paul Caesar R Delos Trinos, Berne Silawan, Chiqui M De Veyra, Agapito Hornido, Hansel Amoguis, Dominic Basalo, Cherry Dema-Ala, Irenn Mantilla, Rosele Layan
Schistosomiasis (SCH) in The Philippines is caused by Schistosoma japonicum and remains endemic in 28 provinces in 12 regions. Effective SCH control requires describing areas at risk where control efforts may be focused. This study aims at demonstrating the utility of geographical information system (GIS) as a tool for SCH surveillance in the province of Davao del Norte. Qualitative and quantitative data on SCH determinants, obtained from local government offices, partner agencies and institutions, were standardised, formatted and incorporated into a GIS map...
November 6, 2017: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238121/epidemic-preparedness-and-management-a-guide-on-lassa-fever-outbreak-preparedness-plan
#17
REVIEW
Akinola Ayoola Fatiregun, Elvis Efe Isere
Epidemic prone diseases threaten public health security. These include diseases such as cholera, meningitis, and hemorrhagic fevers, especially Lassa fever for which Nigeria reports considerable morbidity and mortality annually. Interestingly, where emergency epidemic preparedness plans are in place, timely detection of outbreaks is followed by a prompt and appropriate response. Furthermore, due to the nature of spread of Lassa fever in an outbreak setting, there is the need for health-care workers to be familiar with the emerging epidemic management framework that has worked in other settings for effective preparedness and response...
January 2017: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237586/using-social-media-data-to-understand-the-impact-of-promotional-information-on-laypeople-s-discussions-a-case-study-of-lynch-syndrome
#18
Jiang Bian, Yunpeng Zhao, Ramzi G Salloum, Yi Guo, Mo Wang, Mattia Prosperi, Hansi Zhang, Xinsong Du, Laura J Ramirez-Diaz, Zhe He, Yuan Sun
BACKGROUND: Social media is being used by various stakeholders among pharmaceutical companies, government agencies, health care organizations, professionals, and news media as a way of engaging audiences to raise disease awareness and ultimately to improve public health. Nevertheless, it is unclear what effects this health information has on laypeople. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to provide a detailed examination of how promotional health information related to Lynch syndrome impacts laypeople's discussions on a social media platform (Twitter) in terms of topic awareness and attitudes...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230614/translating-predictions-of-zoonotic-viruses-for-policymakers
#19
Seth D Judson, Matthew LeBreton, Trevon Fuller, Risa M Hoffman, Kevin Njabo, Timothy F Brewer, Elsa Dibongue, Joseph Diffo, Jean-Marc Feussom Kameni, Severin Loul, Godwin W Nchinda, Richard Njouom, Julius Nwobegahay, Jean Michel Takuo, Judith N Torimiro, Abel Wade, Thomas B Smith
Recent outbreaks of Ebola virus disease and Zika virus disease highlight the need for disseminating accurate predictions of emerging zoonotic viruses to national governments for disease surveillance and response. Although there are published maps for many emerging zoonotic viruses, it is unknown if there is agreement among different models or if they are concordant with national expert opinion. Therefore, we reviewed existing predictions for five high priority emerging zoonotic viruses with national experts in Cameroon to investigate these issues and determine how to make predictions more useful for national policymakers...
December 11, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226606/the-challenges-of-implementing-an-integrated-one-health-surveillance-system-in-australia
#20
I Johnson, A Hansen, P Bi
As 75 per cent of emerging infectious diseases are of animal origin, a One Health approach that integrates the health of humans, animals and the environment could provide an earlier opportunity for zoonotic disease detection and prevention. In Australia, human, animal and ecological health are managed by separate sectors with limited communication. This study aims to explore how professionals in these fields perceive a One Health approach to zoonotic disease surveillance, aiming to identify the challenges to the implementation of an integrated system in Australia...
December 10, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
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