keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Escitalopram

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748862/association-of-dna-methylation-in-bdnf-with-escitalopram-treatment-response-in-depressed-chinese-han-patients
#1
Peipei Wang, Cuizhen Zhang, Qinyu Lv, Chenxi Bao, Hong Sun, Guo Ma, Yiru Fang, Zhenghui Yi, Weimin Cai
PURPOSE: The neurotrophin brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been found to be associated with both the pathophysiology of depression and antidepressants response. Gene expression differences were partly mediated by SNP, which might be identified as a predictor of antidepressant response. In the present study, we attempt to identify whether DNA methylation, another factor known to affect gene transcription, might also predict antidepressant response. METHODS: A total of 85 depressed Chinese Han patients were followed-up 8 weeks after initiating escitalopram treatment...
May 10, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747140/short-term-escitalopram-treatment-normalizes-aberrant-self-referential-processing-in-major-depressive-disorder
#2
Emma Komulainen, Roope Heikkilä, Lauri Nummenmaa, Tuukka T Raij, Catherine J Harmer, Erkki Isometsä, Jesper Ekelund
BACKGROUND: Increased self-focus and negative self-concept play an important role in depression. Antidepressants influence self-referential processing in healthy volunteers, but their function in self-processing of depressed patients remains unknown. METHODS: Thirty-two depressed patients were randomly allocated to receive either escitalopram 10 mg or placebo for one week. After one week, neural responses to positive and negative self-referential adjectives and neutral control stimuli were assessed with functional magnetic resonance imaging...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738811/hypobaric-hypoxia-exposure-in-rats-differentially-alters-antidepressant-efficacy-of-the-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-fluoxetine-paroxetine-escitalopram-and-sertraline
#3
Shami Kanekar, Chandni S Sheth, Hendrik J Ombach, Paul R Olson, Olena V Bogdanova, Matthew Petersen, Chloe E Renshaw, Young-Hoon Sung, Kristen E D'Anci, Perry F Renshaw
Treatment-resistant depression, a chronic condition that affects 30% of depressed patients on antidepressants, is highly linked to suicidal behavior. Chronic hypoxia exposure via living at altitude (hypobaric hypoxia) or with chronic hypoxic diseases is demographically linked to increased risk for depression and suicide. We previously demonstrated that housing rats at altitude for a week incrementally increases depression-like behavior in the forced swim test (FST) in females, but not males. In animal models, high altitude exposure reduces brain serotonin, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) can lose efficacy when brain serotonin levels are low...
May 5, 2018: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737292/analysis-of-curative-effect-of-fluoxetine-and-escitalopram-in-the-depression-treatment-based-on-clinical-observation
#4
Zhang Xiaoling, Han Yunping, Lian Yingdong
Depression is a common affective disorder or mood disorder, which seriously affects people's physical and mental health and the quality of life. This study compared efficacy of escitalopram and fluoxetine on depression patients, and analyzed the inflammatory factors, serum homocysteine (Hcy) levels and the effects of adverse reactions, so as to provide reference for the clinical. The results showed that the total effective rate of the observation group (90.7%) was higher than that of the control group (80%), but the difference was not statistically significant (p>0...
May 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722042/bicarbonate-refractory-qrs-prolongation-and-left-bundle-branch-block-following-escitalopram-and-lamotrigine-overdose-a-case-report-and-literature-review-of-toxic-left-bundle-branch-block
#5
A N Farkas, M Marcott, J H Yanta, A F Pizon
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Toxic prolongation of the QRS interval most often results from blockade of cardiac voltage-gated sodium channels and manifests on electrocardiogram with a right bundle-branch block-like morphology. Rarely, a left bundle-branch block (LBBB) morphology has been reported. CASE REPORT: We report a case of transient LBBB resultant from ingestion of lamotrigine and citalopram which was refractory to sodium bicarbonate therapy and eventually resolved spontaneously...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718600/relative-efficacy-and-acceptability-of-antidepressant-drugs-in-adults-with-major-depressive-disorder-commentary-on-a-network-meta-analysis
#6
Chittaranjan Andrade
A large number of antidepressant drugs are available across the world. All have been compared against placebo, and many have been compared with some but not all other antidepressants. There is therefore little information about a hierarchy of the efficacy and acceptability of these drugs. About 9 years ago, a network meta-analysis attempted to rank the efficacy and acceptability of 12 newer antidepressant drugs in adults with major depressive disorder. Very recently, this network meta-analysis was updated to include 21 antidepressant drugs, most of which were introduced during the 1980s and afterward...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715610/meta-analysis-second-generation-antidepressants-and-headache
#7
REVIEW
Shilpa Telang, Celeste Walton, Baris Olten, Michael H Bloch
BACKGROUND: To assess the risk of headache associated with commonly prescribed antidepressant medications and to examine the impact of medication class, pharmacodynamics and dosage on risk of headache. METHODS: We searched PubMed to identify all randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials examining the efficacy of second generation antidepressant medications in the treatment of adults with depression, anxiety or obsessive-compulsive disorders. We used a fixed-effect meta-analysis to examine the pooled risk ratio of headache reported as a side-effect in adults treated with second generation antidepressants compared to placebo...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694944/looking-for-bipolarity-in-antidepressant-discontinuation-manic-states-update-and-diagnostic-considerations-of-the-phenomenon
#8
Sandra Abou Kassm, Wadih Naja
BACKGROUND: Antidepressant withdrawal manic states are intriguing and under-recognized phenomena. The associated patho-physiological pathways are ill defined and the inclusion of the phenomena in the bipolar spectrum disorders is questionable. This study aims to update a review on antidepressant discontinuation manic states published in 2008 and to look for hints alluding to bipolar disorder in the affected published cases and in the literature. It also reviews the different hypotheses proposed to explain discontinuation mania...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688573/antidepressants-for-the-treatment-of-people-with-co-occurring-depression-and-alcohol-dependence
#9
REVIEW
Roberta Agabio, Emanuela Trogu, Pier Paolo Pani
BACKGROUND: Alcohol dependence is a major public health problem characterized by recidivism, and medical and psychosocial complications. The co-occurrence of major depression in people entering treatment for alcohol dependence is common, and represents a risk factor for morbidity and mortality, which negatively influences treatment outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and risks of antidepressants for the treatment of people with co-occurring depression and alcohol dependence...
April 24, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688152/personality-traits-and-escitalopram-treatment-outcome-in-major-depression
#10
Anu Aluoja, Innar Tõru, Mait Raag, Triin Eller, Ülle Võhma, Eduard Maron
BACKGROUND: Selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRI) have proven to be effective in treatment of depression. Still, treatment efficacy varies significantly from patient to patient and about 40% of patients do not respond to initial treatment. Personality traits have been considered one source of variability in treatment outcome. AIM: Current study aimed at identifying specific personality traits that could be predictive of treatment response and/or the dynamics of symptom change in depressive patients...
April 24, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677603/the-comparative-evidence-basis-for-the-efficacy-of-second-generation-antidepressants-in-the-treatment-of-depression-in-the-us-a-bayesian-meta-analysis-of-food-and-drug-administration-reviews
#11
Rei Monden, Annelieke M Roest, Don van Ravenzwaaij, Eric-Jan Wagenmakers, Richard Morey, Klaas J Wardenaar, Peter de Jonge
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown similar efficacy of different antidepressants in the treatment of depression. METHOD: Data of phase-2 and -3 clinical-trials for 16 antidepressants (levomilnacipran, desvenlafaxine, duloxetine, venlafaxine, paroxetine, escitalopram, vortioxetine, mirtazapine, venlafaxine XR, sertraline, fluoxetine, citalopram, paroxetine CR, nefazodone, bupropion, vilazodone), approved by the FDA for the treatment of depression between 1987 and 2016, were extracted from the FDA reviews that were used to evaluate efficacy prior to marketing approval, which are less liable to reporting biases...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673132/the-effects-of-vortioxetine-on-cognitive-dysfunction-in-patients-with-inadequate-response-to-current-antidepressants-in-major-depressive-disorder-a-short-term-randomized-double-blind-exploratory-study-versus-escitalopram
#12
Eduard Vieta, Lasse B Sluth, Christina K Olsen
BACKGROUND: Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is a heterogeneous disease characterized by emotional, physical and cognitive symptoms. This study explored the effects of vortioxetine versus escitalopram on outcomes of cognition, functioning and mood symptoms in depressed patients with inadequate response to current antidepressant treatment. METHODS: In this parallel-group, active-comparator study, adult patients (18-65 years, N = 101) with MDD, with inadequate response to current antidepressant monotherapy, were randomized 1:1 to 8 weeks' double-blind treatment with flexible doses (10-20mg/day) of either vortioxetine or escitalopram...
February 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663484/association-between-psychotropic-medications-and-presence-of-sleep-bruxism-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Gilberto Melo, Kamile Leonardi Dutra, Rubens Rodrigues Filho, Adriana de Oliveira Lira Ortega, André Luís Porporatti, Bruce Dick, Carlos Flores-Mir, Graziela De Luca Canto
The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature for studies that investigated the association between use of psychotropic medications and presence of sleep bruxism (SB). Observational studies were selected in a two-phase process. Searches were performed on six electronic databases and a grey literature search was conducted on three databases. SB diagnosis was based on questionnaires or clinical examinations; no polysomnography exams were performed. Risk of bias was assessed using the Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal Checklist for Analytical Cross-Sectional Studies...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656013/escitalopram-alleviates-stress-induced-alzheimer-s-disease-like-tau-pathologies-and-cognitive-deficits-by-reducing-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-reactivity-and-insulin-gsk-3%C3%AE-signal-pathway-activity
#14
Chao Wu, Wei-Gang Gong, Yan-Juan Wang, Jun-Jun Sun, Hong Zhou, Zhi-Jun Zhang, Qing-Guo Ren
Chronic stress, a causal factor for depression, can also cause cognitive impairments and tau pathology. However, whether and how the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressant escitalopram ameliorates these effects are still unclear. In the present study, rats were subjected to chronic mild unpredictable stress for 8 weeks. Following the initial 4 weeks, the stressed animals were separated into susceptible (depressive) and unsusceptible (resistant) groups based on behavioral tests. Then, escitalopram (10 mg/kg i...
July 2018: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651785/predicting-escitalopram-exposure-to-breastfeeding-infants-integrating-analytical-and-in-silico-techniques
#15
Sarah R Delaney, Paul R V Malik, Cristiana Stefan, Andrea N Edginton, David A Colantonio, Shinya Ito
BACKGROUND: Escitalopram is used for post-partum depression; however, there are limited pharmacokinetic data of escitalopram in milk and plasma of infants breastfed by women taking the drug. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to apply physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modelling to predict infant drug exposure (plasma area under the curve from time zero to infinity [AUC∞ ]) based on drug monitoring data of escitalopram in breast milk. METHODS: Using a newly developed liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method, we quantified escitalopram concentrations in milk samples of 18 breastfeeding women with escitalopram therapy at steady state, collected at three to five time points...
April 12, 2018: Clinical Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625341/medications-as-a-potential-source-of-exposure-to-parabens-in-the-u-s-population
#16
Laura E Dodge, Jee Woong Choi, Katherine E Kelley, Sonia Herńandez-D Iaz, Russ Hauser
INTRODUCTION: Use of paraben-containing medications has been shown to be associated with urinary paraben concentrations among couples undergoing fertility treatment, but it is unknown whether this association is also present among the general population. METHODS: A list of prescription medications of interest was developed based on their likelihood of containing parabens and the ability to identify users in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES); alendronate, escitalopram oxalate, fluoxetine, and olanzapine were chosen...
April 3, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620632/efficacy-of-escitalopram-oxalate-for-patients-with-post-stroke-depression
#17
Ji-Hua Xu, Peng Jiang
This retrospective study investigated the efficacy and safety of escitalopram oxalate (ESO) for the treatment of post-stroke depression (PSD).A total of 115 patients with PSD were included in this study. A total of 65 patients underwent ESO (Intervention group). A total of 50 patients received acupressure (Control group). The outcome measurements included Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A), and Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS). In addition, we also recorded the adverse events in this study...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615645/antidepressant-drug-specific-prediction-of-depression-treatment-outcomes-from-genetic-and-clinical-variables
#18
Raquel Iniesta, Karen Hodgson, Daniel Stahl, Karim Malki, Wolfgang Maier, Marcella Rietschel, Ole Mors, Joanna Hauser, Neven Henigsberg, Mojca Zvezdana Dernovsek, Daniel Souery, Richard Dobson, Katherine J Aitchison, Anne Farmer, Peter McGuffin, Cathryn M Lewis, Rudolf Uher
Individuals with depression differ substantially in their response to treatment with antidepressants. Specific predictors explain only a small proportion of these differences. To meaningfully predict who will respond to which antidepressant, it may be necessary to combine multiple biomarkers and clinical variables. Using statistical learning on common genetic variants and clinical information in a training sample of 280 individuals randomly allocated to 12-week treatment with antidepressants escitalopram or nortriptyline, we derived models to predict remission with each antidepressant drug...
April 3, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615391/differences-in-rates-of-switchbacks-after-switching-from-branded-to-authorized-generic-and-branded-to-generic-drug-products-cohort-study
#19
Rishi J Desai, Ameet Sarpatwari, Sara Dejene, Nazleen F Khan, Joyce Lii, James R Rogers, Sarah K Dutcher, Saeid Raofi, Justin Bohn, John Connolly, Michael A Fischer, Aaron S Kesselheim, Joshua J Gagne
OBJECTIVES: To compare rates of switchbacks to branded drug products for patients switched from branded to authorized generic drug products, which have the same active ingredients, appearance, and excipients as the branded product, with patients switched from branded to generic drug products, which have the same active ingredients as the branded product but may differ in appearance and excipients. DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING: Private (a large commercial health plan) and public (Medicaid) insurance programs in the US...
April 3, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611870/initial-severity-of-major-depression-and-efficacy-of-new-generation-antidepressants-individual-participant-data-meta-analysis
#20
T A Furukawa, K Maruo, H Noma, S Tanaka, H Imai, K Shinohara, K Ikeda, S Yamawaki, S Z Levine, Y Goldberg, S Leucht, A Cipriani
OBJECTIVE: The role of baseline severity as effect modifier in various psychiatric disorders is a topic of controversy and of clinical import. This study aims to examine whether baseline severity modifies the efficacy of various antidepressants for major depression through individual participant data (IPD) meta-analysis. METHOD: We identified all placebo-controlled, double-blind randomised trials of new generation antidepressants in the acute phase treatment of major depression conducted in Japan and requested their IPD through the public-private partnerships (PPPs) between the relevant academic societies and the pharmaceutical companies...
April 3, 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
keyword
keyword
7453
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"