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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213584/using-the-biology-card-sorting-task-to-measure-changes-in-conceptual-expertise-during-postsecondary-biology-education
#1
Sarah A Bissonnette, Elijah D Combs, Paul H Nagami, Victor Byers, Juliana Fernandez, Dinh Le, Jared Realin, Selina Woodham, Julia I Smith, Kimberly D Tanner
While there have been concerted efforts to reform undergraduate biology toward teaching students to organize their conceptual knowledge like experts, there are few tools that attempt to measure this. We previously developed the Biology Card Sorting Task (BCST), designed to probe how individuals organize their conceptual biological knowledge. Previous results showed the BCST could differentiate between different populations, namely non-biology majors (NBM) and biology faculty (BF). In this study, we administered the BCST to three additional populations, using a cross-sectional design: entering biology majors (EBM), advanced biology majors (ABM), and biology graduate students (BGS)...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209077/using-gp-trainees-as-role-players-as-a-teaching-training-tool-for-established-gp-trainers
#2
Kim Emerson, Penny Moore, Jill Edwards
This work aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of using GP trainees in place of professional actors, to role-play trainees with 'difficulties' or various challenging characteristics, as an educational tool for skills development of experienced GP trainers. The context was a residential experienced GP trainers' course and the role players were local ST3 GP trainees. Professional actors have been used for this purpose for many years in medical education at all levels, particularly in teaching communication and consultation skills in the Thames Valley area of the UK...
February 16, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208897/a-validation-of-an-examination-protocol-for-cerebral-visual-impairment-among-children-in-a-clinical-population-in-india
#3
Swetha Sara Philip, Sherab Tsherlinga, Maya Mary Thomas, Gordon N Dutton, Richard Bowman
INTRODUCTION: Cerebral Visual Impairment (CVI) is a leading cause of vision impairment in developed and developing countries due to and increased survival of preterm and low birth weight infants. There are few data concerning the validity of protocols available to diagnose CVI. AIM: This study aimed to document the face, content and construct validity of an assessment protocol namely, a 15-domain, Structured Clinical Question Inventory (SCQI), which is based on structured history taking and clinical examination, for the diagnosis of CVI in a clinical population of India...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208883/fostering-educational-research-among-medical-teachers-evaluation-of-a-faculty-development-program-in-india
#4
Tripti K Srivastava, Lalitbhushan S Waghmare, Alka Rawekar, Ved Prakash Mishra
INTRODUCTION: Medical education can be enormously benefitted from research. Since clinicians/medical teachers are directly involved in teaching learning processes, they should participate in Educational Research (ER) practices to generate evidence and insights about teaching learning. Faculty Development Program (FDP) has a positive influence amongst health professionals and therefore can prove to be of consequence in instilling a strong educational research culture. AIM: Present study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of a Faculty Development Fellowship Program in Medical Education to foster educational research culture amongst medical teachers...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208881/media-matter-the-effect-of-medium-of-presentation-on-student-s-recognition-of-histopathology
#5
Ajay Telang, Nynke De Jong, Jan Van Dalen
INTRODUCTION: Pathology teaching has undergone transformation with the introduction of virtual microscopy as a teaching and learning tool. AIM: To assess if dental students can identify histopathology irrespective of the media of presentation and if the media affect student's oral pathology case based learning scores. The perception of students towards "hybrid" approach in teaching and learning histopathology in oral pathology was also assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A controlled experiment was conduc-ted on year 4 and year 5 dental student groups using a perfor-mance test and a questionnaire survey...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207347/introduction-to-the-special-section-on-teaching-training-and-supervision-in-personality-and-psychological-assessment
#6
Justin D Smith
This special section contains empirical and conceptual articles pertaining to the broad topic of teaching, training, and supervision of assessment. Despite some evidence of a decline in recent decades, assessment remains a defining practice of professional psychologists in many subfields, including clinical, counseling, school, and neuropsychology, that consumes a consequential proportion of their time. To restore assessment to its rightful place of prominence, a clear agenda needs to be developed for advancing teaching and training methods, increasing instruction to state-of-the-art methods, and defining aims that could be elucidated through empirical inquiry...
March 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207002/detecting-natural-adaptation-of-the-streptococcus-thermophilus-crispr-cas-systems-in-research-and-classroom-settings
#7
Alexander P Hynes, Marie-Laurence Lemay, Luc Trudel, Hélène Deveau, Michel Frenette, Denise M Tremblay, Sylvain Moineau
CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats)-Cas systems have been adapted into a powerful genome-editing tool. The basis for the flexibility of the tool lies in the adaptive nature of CRISPR-Cas as a bacterial immune system. Here, we describe a protocol to experimentally demonstrate the adaptive nature of this bacterial immune system by challenging the model organism for the study of CRISPR adaptation, Streptococcus thermophilus, with phages in order to detect natural CRISPR immunization...
March 2017: Nature Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206896/survey-of-current-clinical-and-curriculum-practices-of-postgraduate-pediatric-dentistry-programs-in-nonintravenous-conscious-sedation-in-the-united-states
#8
Aline Morin, Romer Ocanto, Lesbia Drukteinis, Patrick C Hardigan
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to: (1) describe the sedation protocols of postgraduate pediatric dentistry programs (PPDPs) in the U.S.; (2) evaluate how consistent they were with current American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry sedation guidelines and Commission on Dental Accreditation (CODA) sedation curriculum requirements; (3) identify barriers to and tools for implementing these guidelines; and (4) determine the independent association between PPDPs' adherence to guidelines and the program setting...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202322/sexual-health-competencies-for-undergraduate-medical-education-in-north-america
#9
Carey Roth Bayer, Kristen L Eckstrand, Gail Knudson, Jean Koehler, Scott Leibowitz, Perry Tsai, Jamie L Feldman
INTRODUCTION: The number of hours spent teaching sexual health content and skills in medical education continues to decrease despite the increase in sexual health issues faced by patients across the lifespan. In 2012 and 2014, experts across sexuality disciplines convened for the Summits on Medical School Education and Sexual Health to strategize and recommend approaches to improve sexual health education in medical education systems and practice settings. One of the summit recommendations was to develop sexual health competencies that could be implemented in undergraduate medical education curricula...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199478/evaluation-of-o6-benzylguanine-potentiated-topical-carmustine-for-mycosis-fungoides-a-phase-1-2-clinical-trial
#10
Joselin D Tacastacas, Derek V Chan, Sean Carlson, Stanton L Gerson, Afshin Dowlati, Pingfu Fu, Kurt Lu, Sarah Groft, Julie Rosenjack, Kord Honda, Thomas McCormick, Kevin D Cooper
Importance: In a phase 1 trial, single-dose O6-benzylguanine with topical carmustine for patients with early stage (stage IA through stage IIA) cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, mycosis fungoides (MF) type, resulted in clinical responses proportional to inhibition of O6-alkylguanine DNA alkyltransferase activity, but a maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was not reached. Objective: To determine whether dose escalation of carmustine in combination with dual-dose O6-benzylguanine to prolong alkyltransferase inhibition could reach an MTD...
February 15, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198965/development-of-a-virtual-learning-environment-for-cardiorespiratory-arrest-training
#11
Anazilda Carvalho da Silva, Andrea Bernardes, Yolanda Dora Martinez Évora, Maria Célia Barcellos Dalri, Alexandre Ribeiro da Silva, Camila Santana Justo Cintra Sampaio
OBJECTIVE: To develop a Virtual Learning Environment (VLE) aiming at the training of nursing team workers and emergency vehicle drivers in Basic Life Support (BLS) to attend Cardiorespiratory arrest, and to evaluate the quality of its contents among specialists in the area of Emergency and Urgent care. METHOD: Applied research of technological development. The methodology used was based on the Instructional Design Model (ADDIE), which structures the teaching-learning planning in different stages (analysis, design, development, implementation and evaluation)...
November 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198947/nurse-s-training-centred-on-professional-practice-perception-of-students-and-professors
#12
Sílvia Franco da Rocha Tonhom, Magali Aparecida Alves de Moraes, Osni Lázaro Pinheiro
Objective: To analyse the perception of students and nurses regarding the insertion of students in the professional nursing practice. Method: Exploratory research with a qualitative approach based on the analysis of evaluation documents completed by students and professors of the nursing course. In this study, all the documents completed by the professors and students were used and analysed using thematic content analysis. Results: The identified nuclei of meaning led to the following themes: "Learning from the professional context" and "The teaching and learning process: strategies used"...
February 9, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196566/using-high-fidelity-simulation-scenarios-in-the-classroom-to-engage-learners
#13
Stephanie Turner, Leslie G Cole
It is well known that active teaching strategies improve student learning outcomes. By using simulation scenarios as a tool to teach systematic decision making in the classroom, faculty allow a large group of students to develop abstract thinking and gain experience in a setting that has traditionally delivered information in a linear format. This article will describe the process of using a high-fidelity simulation scenario as an unfolding case study to teach students how to manage and care for a patient.
February 1, 2017: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195961/bedside-ultrasound-to-facilitate-early-diagnosis-and-ease-of-follow-up-in-neurogenic-heterotopic-ossification-a-pilot-study-from-the-intensive-care-unit
#14
Konstantinos Stefanidis, Peter Brindley, Raymond Ramnarine, Michael Blaivas, Mohammad Daneshi, Paul S Sidhu, Abdoulrahman Alharthy, Dimitrios Karakitsos
OBJECTIVE: To explore the potential role of ultrasound (US) as a bedside tool in intensive care unit patients with presumed neurogenic heterotopic ossification (NHO). SETTING: Tertiary university teaching hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: Critical care patients with acquired brain injury. DESIGN: A multicenter prospective study of critical care patients with possible NHO. MAIN MEASURES: Following a screening clinical examination, the major joints were evaluated with US, serum laboratory work, and x-ray...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192101/transforming-gastroenterology-care-with-telemedicine
#15
REVIEW
Corey A Siegel
Healthcare is changing rapidly, so we must change with the times to develop more efficient, practical, cost-effective and, importantly, high-quality methods to care for patients. We teach medial students that optimal patient care requires face to face interactions, to collect information on patients' history, and the physical examination. However, management of many patients-especially those with chronic diseases-does not always require physical examination. Telemedicine offers an opportunity to take advantage of technology while leveraging the progressive push towards efficiency and value, but also requires the belief that excellent patient care is not always provided in person...
February 9, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188004/introducing-a-morbidity-and-mortality-conference-in-rwanda
#16
Egide Abahuje, Innocent Nzeyimana, Jennifer L Rickard
OBJECTIVES: To assess the structure, format, and educational features of a morbidity and mortality (M&M) conference in Rwanda. To determine factors associated with adverse events and to define opportunities for improvement. DESIGN: Retrospective, descriptive study of all cases presented at a surgical M&M conference over a 1-year period. Cases were reviewed for factors associated with adverse events and opportunities for improvement. Factors were characterized as delays in presentation, delays in diagnosis, delays in the operating room, errors in judgment, technical errors, advanced disease, and missing resources or malnutrition...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183437/cardiac-3d-printing-and-its-future-directions
#17
REVIEW
Marija Vukicevic, Bobak Mosadegh, James K Min, Stephen H Little
Three-dimensional (3D) printing is at the crossroads of printer and materials engineering, noninvasive diagnostic imaging, computer-aided design, and structural heart intervention. Cardiovascular applications of this technology development include the use of patient-specific 3D models for medical teaching, exploration of valve and vessel function, surgical and catheter-based procedural planning, and early work in designing and refining the latest innovations in percutaneous structural devices. In this review, we discuss the methods and materials being used for 3D printing today...
February 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178060/modified-beef-tongue-model-for-fourth-degree-laceration-repair-simulation
#18
Jana D Illston, Alicia C Ballard, David R Ellington, Holly E Richter
BACKGROUND: An existing model for fourth-degree laceration repair uses beef tongue with plastic or vinyl tubing. This modified model substitutes beef tripe for the anal mucosa and chicken leg muscles for the anal sphincter muscle analogs to create a realistic model. METHOD: Tripe is tunneled through the body of the trimmed beef tongue and sutured like an ostomy to simulate the anal canal. The tongue is incised toward the tripe "anal canal." Chicken leg muscles are tunneled from the incision out to the cut edges of the beef tongue to create anal sphincter muscle analogs...
February 6, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177333/high-definition-video-telescopic-rhinoplasty
#19
I Tasca, G Ceroni Compadretti, C Romano
Optical magnification has become an essential tool in rhinologic practice, especially following the popularisation of endoscopic procedures for nasal sinus surgery. We describe the use of VITOM(®) technology in rhinoplasty, which to our knowledge has not been reported in the international literature to date. This approach to rhinoplasty markedly improves visualisation of the surgical field, thereby improving the understanding of the procedures and enhancing the teaching environment. Since VITOM(®) technology works by combining the telescope with a standard endoscopic setting, video telescopic rhinoplasty may be easily and inexpensively performed in any ENT department provided with this instrumentation...
December 2016: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176941/bioglass-implant-coating-interactions-in-synthetic-physiological-fluids-with-varying-degrees-of-biomimicry
#20
A C Popa, G E Stan, M A Husanu, I Mercioniu, L F Santos, H R Fernandes, Jmf Ferreira
Synthetic physiological fluids are currently used as a first in vitro bioactivity assessment for bone grafts. Our understanding about the interactions taking place at the fluid-implant interface has evolved remarkably during the last decade, and does not comply with the traditional International Organization for Standardization/final draft International Standard 23317 protocol in purely inorganic simulated body fluid. The advances in our knowledge point to the need of a true paradigm shift toward testing physiological fluids with enhanced biomimicry and a better understanding of the materials' structure-dissolution behavior...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
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