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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920732/the-ipad-as-a-research-tool-for-the-understanding-of-english-plurals-by-english-chinese-and-other-l1-speaking-3-and-4-year-olds
#1
Nan Xu Rattanasone, Benjamin Davies, Tamara Schembri, Fabia Andronos, Katherine Demuth
Learning about what young children with limited spoken language know about the grammar of their language is extremely challenging. Researchers have traditionally used looking behavior as a measure of language processing and to infer what overt choices children might make. However, these methods are expensive to setup, require specialized training, are time intensive for data analysis and can have considerable dropout rates. For these reasons, we have developed a forced choice task delivered on an iPad based on our eye-tracking studies with English monolinguals (Davies et al...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916255/mcq-construction-improves-quality-of-essay-assessment-among-undergraduate-dental-students
#2
Peter Yu Tsao Pan, Wendy Wang Chia Wei, Ling Loh Poey, Liang Shen, Victoria Yu Soo Hoon
A well-constructed essay is indicative of deep strategic understanding and is considered a valid assessment tool in many dental schools. It has been suggested that constructing MCQs could be an effective learning tool for students while at the same time contribute towards a pool of well-constructed MCQs that could stand up to scrutiny at high-stakes examinations. This study aimed to compare the quality of essays written by students trained and untrained in MCQ construction. The null hypothesis was that construction of MCQs did not result in higher grades achieved in "closed-book" time-limited assessment conditions...
December 2016: Singapore Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914356/can-podcasts-for-assessment-guidance-and-feedback-promote-self-efficacy-among-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-qualitative-study
#3
Linda C McSwiggan, Maureen Campbell
BACKGROUND: Improving assessment guidance and feedback for students has become an international priority within higher education. Podcasts have been proposed as a tool for enhancing teaching, learning and assessment. However, a stronger theory-based rationale for using podcasts, particularly as a means of facilitating assessment guidance and feedback, is required. OBJECTIVE: To explore students' experiences of using podcasts for assessment guidance and feedback...
November 27, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908493/diagnostic-accuracy-of-the-kampala-trauma-score-using-estimated-abbreviated-injury-scale-scores-and-physician-opinion
#4
Andrew Gardner, Paa Kobina Forson, George Oduro, Barclay Stewart, Nkechi Dike, Paul Glover, Ronald F Maio
BACKGROUND: The Kampala Trauma Score (KTS) has been proposed as a triage tool for use in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). This study aimed to examine the diagnostic accuracy of KTS in predicting emergency department outcomes using timely injury estimation with Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) score and physician opinion to calculate KTS scores. METHODS: This was a diagnostic accuracy study of KTS among injured patients presenting to Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital A&E, Ghana...
November 21, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903047/adding-random-case-analysis-to-direct-observation-arcado-updating-the-external-clinical-teaching-visit-to-improve-general-practice-registrar-assessments
#5
Gerard Ingham, Jennifer Fry, Bernadette Ward
BACKGROUND: In response to the advent of competency-based training and the increase in the number of general practice registrars, the Australian general practice education community is seeking valid, reliable, time-efficient and cost-efficient tools to assess registrars. Despite the central role of the external clinical teaching visit (ECTV) in formative assessment of general practice registrars, the ECTV has been an infrequent subject of research or evaluation. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to report on the development of a new approach to ECTV that adds random case analysis to direct observation of consultations - ARCADO ECTV...
December 2016: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897397/development-and-validation-of-a-septoplasty-training-model-using-3-dimensional-printing-technology
#6
Mahmoud A AlReefi, Lily H P Nguyen, Luc G Mongeau, Bassam Ul Haq, Siddharth Boyanapalli, Nauman Hafeez, Francois Cegarra-Escolano, Marc A Tewfik
BACKGROUND: Providing alternative training modalities may improve trainees' ability to perform septoplasty. Three-dimensional printing has been shown to be a powerful tool in surgical training. The objectives of this study were to explain the development of our 3-dimensional (3D) printed septoplasty training model, to assess its face and content validity, and to present evidence supporting its ability to distinguish between levels of surgical proficiency. METHODS: Imaging data of a patient with a nasal septal deviation was selected for printing...
November 29, 2016: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897320/speech-and-language-interventions-for-infants-aged-0-to-2-years-at-high-risk-for-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Olena Chorna, Ellyn Hamm, Caitlin Cummings, Ashley Fetters, Nathalie L Maitre
AIM: We evaluated the level of evidence of speech, language, and communication interventions for infants at high-risk for, or with a diagnosis of, cerebral palsy (CP) from 0 to 2 years old. METHOD: We performed a systematic review of relevant terms. Articles were evaluated based on the level of methodological quality and evidence according to A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR) and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) guidelines...
November 29, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894785/simulating-stable-carbon-and-chlorine-isotope-ratios-in-dissolved-chlorinated-groundwater-pollutants-with-biochlor-iso
#8
Patrick Höhener
BIOCHLOR is a well-known simple tool for evaluating the transport of dissolved chlorinated solvents in groundwater, ideal for rapid screening and teaching. This work extends the BIOCHLOR model for the calculation of stable isotope ratios of carbon and chlorine isotopes in chloroethenes. An exact solution for the three-dimensional reactive transport of a chain of degrading compounds including sorption is provided in a spreadsheet and applied for modeling the transport of individual isotopes (12)C, (13)C, (35)Cl, (37)Cl from a constant source...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893915/barriers-to-participation-in-an-online-nursing-journal-club-at-a-community-teaching-hospital
#9
Christopher Rodriguez, Carol Victor, Nathaniel Leonardi, Suela Sulo, Gina Littlejohn
: HOW TO OBTAIN CONTACT HOURS BY READING THIS ISSUE Instructions: 1.2 contact hours will be awarded by Villanova University College of Nursing upon successful completion of this activity. A contact hour is a unit of measurement that denotes 60 minutes of an organized learning activity. This is a learner-based activity. Villanova University College of Nursing does not require submission of your answers to the quiz. A contact hour certificate will be awarded after you register, pay the registration fee, and complete the evaluation form online at http://goo...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893582/basic-burns-management-e-learning-a-new-teaching-tool
#10
Francesco M Egro
Burns teaching is organized only in a few medical schools in the United Kingdom. An e-learning tutorial was developed with the objective of incorporating burns teaching within the medical school curriculum. A 33-webpage e-learning was created, covering topics such as local and general response to burns, assessment of burns, first aid, primary and secondary survey, and referral guidelines. Medical student satisfaction was then evaluated using a 12-question feedback survey rated based on a Likert scale from 1 (very poor) to 5 (very good)...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891356/attitudes-and-perceptions-of-medical-undergraduates-towards-mobile-learning-m-learning
#11
Rakesh Narayan Patil, Balaji D Almale, Mrunal Patil, Amit Gujrathi, Supriya Dhakne-Palwe, Anuradha R Patil, Shriram Gosavi
INTRODUCTION: Mobile technology is one of the latest extensions of technological innovations that can be integrated into medical education. With the aid of these devices, students learn faster outside the classroom by having quick access to the internet and easy retrieval of required health related learning resources to keep alongside of recent trend and development. In medicine practice one has to continuously update his/her medical knowledge and mobile learning will serve as a tool for self-directed learning...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890126/hto-a-complementary-ergonomics-approach
#12
Anette Karltun, Johan Karltun, Martina Berglund, Jörgen Eklund
The field of human factors and ergonomics constitutes a strong potential in systems analysis, design and improvement. However, it is difficult to communicate its potential value. This paper addresses how the human-technology-organization (HTO) concept can be defined and supports the understanding, communication and development of the systems' character and potential of human factors and ergonomics. Empirical examples from the authors' experiences of working with the HTO concept in R&D and teaching are illustrated, including its usefulness as: 1) a conceptual model; 2) an analysis framework; 3) a meta methodology; 4) a pedagogical tool; and 5) a design tool...
March 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889400/facilitators-and-barriers-to-implementing-church-based-adolescent-sexual-health-programs-in-baltimore-city
#13
Terrinieka W Powell, Fiona H Weeks, Samantha Illangasekare, Eric Rice, James Wilson, Debra Hickman, Robert W Blum
PURPOSE: Black churches are an important community resource and a potentially powerful actor in adolescent health promotion. However, limited research exists describing the factors that may influence the successful implementation of evidence-based adolescent sexual health programs in churches. In the present study, a multi-informant approach was used to identify facilitators and barriers to implementing adolescent sexual health programs in black churches. METHODS: Nine Black churches located in Baltimore, MD, were recruited to participate in this study...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888946/difficult-doctors-difficult-patients-building-empathy
#14
Patricia F Anderson, Elise Wescom, Ruth C Carlos
Effective doctor-patient communication facilitates the therapeutic relationship, promotes patient physical and mental health, and improves physician satisfaction. Methods of teaching effective communication use a range of techniques, typically combining didactic instruction with simulated communication encounters and reflective discussion. Rarely are patients and physicians exposed to these instructions as colearners. The evidence for the utility of graphic stories, comics, and cartoons to improve patient comprehension and self-regulation is small but encouraging...
December 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887620/anatomy-meets-dentistry-linking-anatomy-and-clinical-practice-in-the-preclinical-dental-curriculum
#15
Nicole Rafai, Martin Lemos, Lieven Nils Kennes, Ayichah Hawari, Susanne Gerhardt-Szép, Irmgard Classen-Linke
BACKGROUND: Establishing a strong link early on between preclinical coursework and the clinical context is necessary for students to be able to recognize the practical relevance of the curriculum during their preclinical anatomical courses and to transfer knowledge more easily. Our objective was to enhance the clinical relevance of a preclinical anatomy course for second-year medical students of dentistry by implementing an interdisciplinary skills training course on "Palpation of the Head and Neck Muscles" and to measure the learning outcomes...
November 25, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885036/visionary-medicine-speculative-fiction-racial-justice-and-octavia-butler-s-bloodchild
#16
John Carlo Pasco, Camille Anderson, Sayantani DasGupta
Medical students across the USA have increasingly made the medical institution a place for speculating racially just futures. From die-ins in Fall 2014 to silent protests in response to racially motivated police brutality, medical schools have responded to the public health crisis that is racial injustice in the USA. Reading science fiction may benefit healthcare practitioners who are already invested in imagining a more just, healthier futurity. Fiction that rewrites the future in ways that undermine contemporary power regimes has been termed 'visionary fiction'...
December 2016: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884788/the-virtual-dissecting-room-creating-highly-detailed-anatomy-models-for-educational-purposes
#17
Marijn Zilverschoon, Koen L Vincken, Ronald L A W Bleys
INTRODUCTION: Virtual 3D models are powerful tools for teaching anatomy. At the present day, there are a lot of different digital anatomy models, most of these commercial applications are based on a 3D model of a human body reconstructed from images with a 1 millimeter intervals. The use of even smaller intervals may result in more details and more realistic appearances of 3D anatomy models. The aim of this study was to create a realistic and highly detailed 3D model of the hand and wrist based on small interval cross-sectional images, suitable for undergraduate and postgraduate teaching purposes with the possibility to perform a virtual dissection in an educational application...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884677/mastery-based-virtual-reality-robotic-simulation-curriculum-the-first-step-toward-operative-robotic-proficiency
#18
Melissa E Hogg, Vernissia Tam, Mazen Zenati, Stephanie Novak, Jennifer Miller, Amer H Zureikat, Herbert J Zeh
OBJECTIVE: Hepatobiliary surgery is a highly complex, low-volume specialty with long learning curves necessary to achieve optimal outcomes. This creates significant challenges in both training and measuring surgical proficiency. We hypothesize that a virtual reality curriculum with mastery-based simulation is a valid tool to train fellows toward operative proficiency. This study evaluates the content and predictive validity of robotic simulation curriculum as a first step toward developing a comprehensive, proficiency-based pathway...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881721/using-noise-to-shape-motor-learning
#19
Elias B Thorp, Konrad P Kording, Ferdinando A Mussa-Ivaldi
Each of our movements is selected from any number of alternative movements. Some studies have shown evidence that the central nervous system (CNS) chooses to make the specific movements that are least affected by motor noise. Previous results that the CNS has the natural tendency to minimize the effects of noise make the direct prediction that if the relationship between movements and noise were to change, the specific movements people learn to make would also change in a predictable manner. Indeed, this has been shown for well-practiced movements such as reaching...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873506/development-of-a-robotic-colonoscopic-manipulation-system-using-haptic-feedback-algorithm
#20
Jaehong Woo, Jae Hyuk Choi, Jong Tae Seo, Tae Il Kim, Byung Ju Yi
PURPOSE: Colonoscopy is one of the most effective diagnostic and therapeutic tools for colorectal diseases. We aim to propose a master-slave robotic colonoscopy that is controllable in remote site using conventional colonoscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The master and slave robot were developed to use conventional flexible colonoscopy. The robotic colonoscopic procedure was performed using a colonoscope training model by one expert endoscopist and two unexperienced engineers...
January 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
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