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Teaching tools

Ismail Memon
Cadaver dissection is considered a tool for studying the structural details of the human body. Lately, conflicting opinions regarding the utility of this modality in medical training have been published in medical literature. This review of literature was done to examine the status of anatomy teaching with cadaver dissection in traditional, modern, and postgraduate medical training across the world. Literature published in the English language on topics related to cadaver dissection in the past three decades was scrutinized using different search engines...
March 12, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
Aleksandar N Neskovic, Henry Skinner, Susanna Price, Gabriele Via, Stefan De Hert, Ivan Stankovic, Maurizio Galderisi, Erwan Donal, Denisa Muraru, Erik Sloth, Luna Gargani, Nuno Cardim, Alexandros Stefanidis, Matteo Cameli, Gilbert Habib, Bernard Cosyns, Patrizio Lancellotti, Thor Edvardsen, Bogdan A Popescu
There is a growing trend of using ultrasound examination of the heart as a first-line diagnostic tool for initial patient evaluation in acute settings. Focus cardiac ultrasound (FoCUS) is a standardized but restricted cardiac ultrasound examination that may be undertaken by a range of medical professionals with diverse backgrounds. The intention of this core curriculum and syllabus is to define a unifying framework for educational and training processes/programmes that should result in competence in FoCUS for various medical professionals dealing with diagnostics and treatment of cardiovascular emergencies...
February 26, 2018: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Çiğdem Çetin, Fatma Cebeci
Information technology and the Internet are rapidly becoming effective tools for teaching. Selfmanagement skills are important for adaptation and long-term survival in kidney recipients. Web-based training may help patients develop self-management skills through information access. This literature review aimed to determine the effects of Web-based educational intervention on self-management in kidney recipients. The Internet supports effective health education intervention strategies by providing a learning environment that is always available...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Nurten Terkes, Ferya Celik, Hicran Bektas
AIM: The use of technology is increasingly important in nursing education and practice. For this reason, it is necessary to determine the attitudes of nursing students towards technology. METHODS: This study was conducted with 508 nursing students. A personal information form that was prepared by the researchers and the Attitudes Toward Technology Scale were used as the data collection tools. RESULTS: The mean score that was obtained by the nursing students from the Attitudes Toward Technology Scale was 61...
March 11, 2018: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
Mariana Alves Weiss, Luiz Dal Sochio Junior, Fernando Bliacheriene, Caitriona Murphy, Vinod Chinappa, Maria Jose Carmona, Clarita B Margarido
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The general public increased search on the Internet for health information, including Anesthesiology, justifies the study. The objective of this study was to evaluate the information available to the lay person in Portuguese on the internet about labor analgesia for the Brazilian population. METHOD: Using the term "labor anesthesia", the first 20 sites found on Google in November 2014 were evaluated by two resident physicians and classified as medical and non-medical...
March 7, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Catherine A Pembroke, Joanne Alfieri, Alain Biron, Carolyn Freeman, Tarek Hijal
PURPOSE: Quality improvement (QI) is a pillar of good clinical governance and is at the center of modern health care. The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada mandated, in CanMeds 2015, that QI should be taught and the competencies assessed in all postgraduate residency programs. The objective is to report on the feasibility and impact of teaching QI to radiation oncology residents at a single institution. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A QI team consisting of a clinical fellow, 3 staff physicians, and an expert in QI methods was created within our Department of Radiation Oncology...
March 2018: Practical Radiation Oncology
Robin A Scott, Kathleen S Oman, Kathleen Flarity, Jennifer L Comer
INTRODUCTION: Patient falls are a significant issue in hospitalized patients and financially costly to hospitals. The Joint Commission requires that patients be assessed for fall risk and interventions in place to mitigate the risk of falls. It is imperative to have a patient population/setting specific fall risk assessment tool to identify patients at risk for falling. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability and validity of the 2013 Memorial ED Fall Risk Assessment tool (MEDFRAT) specifically designed for the ED population...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
Gilles Defer, Florian Le Caignec, Sophie Fedrizzi, François Montastruc, Damien Chevanne, Jean-Jacques Parienti, Laure Peyro-Saint-Paul
BACKGROUND: The reporting of adverse drug reactions (ADR) by patients represents an interesting challenge in the field of pharmacovigilance, but the reporting system is not adequately implemented in France. In 2015, only 20 MS patients in France reported ADR due to first-line disease-modifying drugs (DMD), while more than 3000 patients were initiated on DMD. The aim of this study is to validate a proof-of-concept as to whether the use of a mobile application (App) increases ADR reporting among patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RR-MS) receiving DMD...
March 9, 2018: Trials
Mariko Sawa, Akira Yabuki, Moeko Kohyama, Noriaki Miyoshi, Osamu Yamato
BACKGROUND: Immunocytochemistry (ICC) is utilized as an advanced technique in veterinary cytology. In tumor diagnosis, cytokeratin and vimentin are markers used to distinguish the origin of tumor cells. Standard enzyme-based ICC has limitations in clinical use; and therefore, more convenient and reliable methods are needed. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to develop a rapid multiple immunofluorescent (RMIF) detection method for dual cytokeratin and vimentin staining on cytology slides in dogs...
March 9, 2018: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
J Torres Macho, F J García Sánchez, P Garmilla Ezquerra, L Beltrán Romero, J Canora Lebrato, J M Casas Rojo, P Arribas Arribas, S López Palmero, S Pintos Martínez, J M Cepeda Rodrigo, D Luordo, M Beltrán López, M Méndez Bailón, E Rodilla Sala, L Manzano Espinosa, A Zapatero Gaviria, G García de Casasola
This positioning document describes the most important aspects of clinical ultrasonography in the internal medicine setting, from its fundamental indications to the recommended training period. There is no question as to the considerable usefulness of this tool in the standard clinical practice of internists in numerous clinical scenarios and settings (emergencies, hospital ward, general and specific consultations and home care). Ultrasonography has a relevant impact on the practitioner's ability to resolve issues, increasing diagnostic reliability and safety and providing important information on the prognosis and progression...
March 5, 2018: Revista Clínica Española
Elisabeth van Gessel, Patricia Picchiottino, Robert Doureradjam, Mathieu Nendaz, Petra Mèche
AIMS: Demography of patients and complexity in the management of multimorbid conditions has made collaborative practice a necessity for the future, also in Switzerland. Since 2012, the University of Applied Sciences (UAS) and its Healthcare School as well as the University of Geneva (UG) with its Medical Faculty have joined forces to implement a training program in collaborative practice, using simulation as one of the main learning/teaching process. METHODS: The actual program consists of three sequential modules and totalizes 300 h of teaching and learning for approximately 1400-1500 students from six tracks (nutritionists, physiotherapists, midwives, nurses, technologists in medical radiology, physicians); in 2019 another hundred pharmacists will also be included...
March 8, 2018: Medical Teacher
Jennifer M Singleton, Leon D Sanchez, Barbara A Masser, Betzalel Reich
Admission handoff is a high-risk component of patient care. Previous studies have shown that a standardized physician electronic signout ("eSignout") may improve ED-to-inpatient handoff safety and efficiency in teaching hospitals. This model has not yet been studied in non-teaching hospitals. The objectives of the study were to determine the efficiency of an eSignout platform at a community affiliate hospital by comparing ED length of stay (LOS) for a 5-month period before and after implementation and to compare the quality assurance (QA) events among admitted patients for the same time period...
March 7, 2018: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Yera Hur, A Ra Cho, Mihye Kwon
PURPOSE: This study aimed to develop a systematic career-coaching program (SCCP) that can be used by medical teaching schools to address a growing need for career-coaching. The program objectives were to help students (1) develop a comprehensive self-understanding of their aptitudes, interests, and personality traits; (2) explore possible career choices and decide on a career path; and (3) develop the competencies needed to prepare for their future careers. METHODS: The SCCP was based on the ADDIE (analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation) model and decision-making questioning model...
March 2018: Korean Journal of Medical Education
Olugbenga Akinkugbe, Charles Stewart, Caoimhe McKenna
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the presenting features of bone and joint infections with a view to identify distinguishing trends that will be useful for pediatric emergency departments. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of patient records over a 12-year period in the pediatric emergency department of a large regional pediatric teaching center serving a diverse population. RESULTS: There were 88 cases of osteoarticular infections during the study period...
March 5, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
Susan C Lee, Megan E Atkinson, Charles G Minard, Alice O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Handovers in patient care are increasingly common occurrences in medicine and are highly susceptible to communication failures. Intraoperative anaesthesiology handovers are especially challenging because of concurrent management of the patient. Our goal was to develop and use an electronic handover checklist as an educational tool to teach anaesthesiology trainees a standardised method of handing over a case intraoperatively. We hypothesised that the use of the checklist would systematically enhance the transfer of accurate and complete information...
March 6, 2018: Clinical Teacher
Jill M Bowman Peterson, Briar Duffy, Alisa Duran, Sophia P Gladding
BACKGROUND: Current health care costs are unsustainable, with a large percentage of waste attributed to doctor practices. Medical educators are developing curricula to address value-based care (VBC) in education. There is, however, a paucity of curricula and assessments addressing levels higher than 'knows' at the base of Miller's pyramid of assessment. Our objective was to: (1) teach residents the principles of VBC using active learning strategies; and (2) develop and pilot a tool to assess residents' ability to apply principles of VBC at the higher level of 'knows how' on Miller's pyramid...
March 6, 2018: Clinical Teacher
Zhihua Zhang, Minwen Zhou, Kun Liu, Bijun Zhu, Haiyun Liu, Xiaodong Sun, Xun Xu
BACKGROUND: More and more concerns have been arisen about the ability of new medical graduates to meet the demands of today's practice environment. In this study, we wanted to develop a valid, reliable and standardized assessment tool for evaluating the basic microsurgical skills of residents in a microsurgery laboratory, to get them well prepared before entering the surgical realm of ophthalmology. METHODS: Twenty-three experts who have teaching experience reviewed the assessment scale...
March 5, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
Joshua Smith, W Graham Carlos, Cynthia S Johnson, Blaine Takesue, Debra Litzelman
OBJECTIVE: We tested a novel, web-based teaching electronic medical record to teach and assess residents' ability to enter appropriate admission orders for patients admitted to the intensive care unit. The primary objective was to determine if this tool could improve the learners' ability to enter an evidence-based, comprehensive initial care plan for critically ill patients. METHODS: The authors created three modules using de-identifed real patient data from selected patients that were admitted to the intensive care unit...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
A S Malalagama, S Tennakoon, D R R Abeyasinghe
PURPOSE: Youth suicide rates are rising worldwide, including Sri Lanka, where 46.5/100,000 among 15-19yrs was reported in 1986. Identifying high risk adolescents is vital. Dearth of trained professionals, demands an instrument utilizable by non-psychiatrists. Such was not available in Sinhalese. Adolescent Suicide Assessment Protocol (ASAP-20) and its' manual was translated and validated to Sri Lankan adolescents. METHOD: A validation study. Forward/back translations followed by cultural adaptation...
February 24, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Rodrigo Guimarães Dos Santos Almeida, Beatriz Maria Jorge, Valtuir Duarte Souza-Junior, Alessandra Mazzo, José Carlos Amado Martins, Elaine Cristina Negri, Isabel Amélia Costa Mendes
AIM: The aim of the study was to identify and reflect on evidence regarding the use of simulation in nursing education. BACKGROUND: The use of simulation as a teaching strategy in nursing is expanding. It is important to check the evidence deriving from research. METHOD: Departing from a guiding question, an international literature search was undertaken between January 2008 and March 2014 in Portuguese, English, and Spanish. RESULTS: Out of 160 articles, 68...
March 2, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
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