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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530338/-bibliotherapy-as-a-clinical-tool-and-its-applications-in-diagnosis-treatment-and-teaching-medicine
#1
REVIEW
Iris Shoshani Helvitz
Bibliotherapy, the practice of healing through stories, is described throughout this article. Case reports show how stories can be used as both a diagnostic tool and a treatment option. Family physicians use bibliotherapy in an all-inclusive manner to heal, consolidate and deepen patient-doctor relationships, help heal the healers and teach medicine. Stories are clinical tools that connect the patients' world with that of their doctors. Stories are a simple tool that don't require great skill and can enhance any patient or physician's experience...
December 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528487/role-of-medicines-of-unknown-identity-in-adverse-drug-reaction-related-hospitalizations-in-developing-countries-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-teaching-hospital-in-the-lao-people-s-democratic-republic
#2
Céline Caillet, Chanvilay Sichanh, Gaëtan Assemat, Myriam Malet-Martino, Agnès Sommet, Haleh Bagheri, Noudy Sengxeu, Niphonh Mongkhonmath, Mayfong Mayxay, Lamphone Syhakhang, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre, Paul N Newton, Anne Roussin
INTRODUCTION: The health dangers of medicines of unknown identity (MUIs) [loose pharmaceutical units repackaged in individual bags without labelling of their identity] have been suspected in L/MICs. Using visual and analytical tools to identify MUIs, we investigated the frequency of, and factors associated with, adverse drug reaction (ADR)-related hospitalizations in a central hospital in Vientiane Capital, Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR). METHODS: All unplanned admissions, except for acute trauma and intentional overdose, were prospectively recorded during a 7-week period in 2013, leading to include 453 adults hospitalized for ≥24 h...
May 20, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527481/rethinking-anatomy-how-to-overcome-challenges-of-medical-education-s-evolution
#3
REVIEW
Bruno Guimarães, Luís Dourado, Stanislav Tsisar, José Miguel Diniz, Maria Dulce Madeira, Maria Amélia Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Due to scientific and technological development, Medical Education has been readjusting its focus and strategies. Medical curriculum has been adopting a vertical integration model, in which basic and clinical sciences coexist during medical instruction. This context favours the introduction of new complementary technology-based pedagogical approaches. Thus, even traditional core sciences of medical curriculum, like Anatomy, are refocusing their teaching/learning paradigm...
February 27, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527474/fifteen-years-of-experience-from-a-medical-school-clinical-skills-laboratory
#4
José Miguel Pêgo, João José Cerqueira, João Bessa, Vitor Hugo Pereira, Sara Gomes, José Mariz, Rita Sousa, Pedro Morgado, Nuno Sousa
INTRODUCTION: Medical Education has evolved being defined as a continuum of the medical training from the pre- to the post-graduate period and through a lifetime of medical practice that is mirrored in the competencies framework that several international institutions have established. This creates a challenge to educational institutions (pre- and post-graduate) that traditionally take separate pathways. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present report is a description of the efforts carried by the School of Medicine of the University of Minho to implement a strategy of teaching/learning methods that follows modern standards towards constructive alignment of the medical curriculum, from the pre- to the post-graduate...
February 27, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526918/effect-of-problem-and-scripting-based-learning-on-spine-surgical-trainees-learning-outcomes
#5
Lin Cong, Qi Yan, Chenjing Sun, Yue Zhu, Guanjun Tu
PURPOSE: To assess the impact of problem and scripting-based learning (PSBL) on spine surgical trainees' learning outcomes. METHODS: 30 spine surgery postgraduate-year-1 residents (PGY-1s) from the First Hospital of China Medical University were randomly divided into two groups. The first group studied spine surgical skills and developed individual judgment under a conventional didactic model, whereas the PSBL group used PBL and Scripted model. A feedback questionnaire and the satisfaction of residents were evaluated by the first assistant surgeon immediately following each procedure...
May 19, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523082/three-dimensional-printing-custom-made-implants-for-craniomaxillofacial-reconstructive-surgery
#6
REVIEW
Mariana Matias, Horácio Zenha, Horácio Costa
Craniomaxillofacial reconstructive surgery is a challenging field. First it aims to restore primary functions and second to preserve craniofacial anatomical features like symmetry and harmony. Three-dimensional (3D) printed biomodels have been widely adopted in medical fields by providing tactile feedback and a superior appreciation of visuospatial relationship between anatomical structures. Craniomaxillofacial reconstructive surgery was one of the first areas to implement 3D printing technology in their practice...
June 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521838/does-the-use-of-the-informed-healthcare-choices-ihc-primary-school-resources-improve-the-ability-of-grade-5-children-in-uganda-to-assess-the-trustworthiness-of-claims-about-the-effects-of-treatments-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#7
Allen Nsangi, Daniel Semakula, Andrew D Oxman, Matthew Oxman, Sarah Rosenbaum, Astrid Austvoll-Dahlgren, Laetitia Nyirazinyoye, Margaret Kaseje, Iain Chalmers, Atle Fretheim, Nelson K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: The ability to appraise claims about the benefits and harms of treatments is crucial for informed health care decision-making. This research aims to enable children in East African primary schools (the clusters) to acquire and retain skills that can help them make informed health care choices by improving their ability to obtain, process and understand health information. The trial will evaluate (at the individual participant level) whether specially designed learning resources can teach children some of the key concepts relevant to appraising claims about the benefits and harms of health care interventions (treatments)...
May 18, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521380/-clinical-practical-examination-in-orthopaedic-teaching-who-is-the-ideal-examiner
#8
Peter Melcher, Andreas Roth, Mohamed Ghanem, Daisy Rotzoll
Background Medical curricula require an increasing amount of integrated clinical practical skills education. German medical faculties are increasingly implementing the OSCE (objective structured clinical examination) to test students' practical as well as communication skills. Teaching and assessment tools for practical skills include simulators and simulated patient scenarios, where peer-assisted teaching (PAT) is applied. Trained student tutors support this process. This study examines for the first time the use of PAT student tutors as examiners in an orthopaedic OSCE unit and the existence of possible differences in rating between faculty and PAT student tutors...
May 18, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516067/cognitomics-a-new-approach-for-the-evaluation-of-the-relationship-between-diseases-and-cognition-to-be-designed-based-on-normal-behavioral-tendencies-in-real-life-a-conceptual-framework
#9
EDITORIAL
Ata Pourabbasi, Bagher Larijani
The relationship between medical diseases and cognition has been a point of interest in the last decades. In recent years studies in this field have developed significantly applying various tools such as cognitive tests using psychometric assessments and brain imaging techniques. The main focus of cognitive function in this studies is the process through which this cognition is obtained. It seems a novel methodology is needed while assessing the impact of diseases such as diabetes on cognition based on heavenly religious teachings in which cognition is believed to be the main source of human bliss and not just some measurable quantitative components...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515505/application-of-the-layered-learning-practice-model-in-an-academic-medical-center
#10
Brittany M Loy, Sendra Yang, Jason M Moss, Debra W Kemp, Jamie N Brown
The layered learning practice model (LLPM) is a teaching strategy designed to train residents to precept students and other residents with the oversight of a seasoned clinical pharmacist. This model serves as a tool for residency programs to implement quality precepting opportunities and learning experiences as they look for new ways to integrate multiple learners into the practice setting. The levels of the LLPM include a senior preceptor, resident, and student. It is best implemented through utilization of 4 steps: orientation to the LLPM, preexperience planning, implementation, and postexperience evaluation...
April 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515250/challenges-of-toxicity-management-in-immuno-oncology
#11
Stephanie Andrews
Immunotherapies are conveying unprecedented efficacy in some tumor types, but with this success comes challenges in managing toxicities that are distinct from those of cytotoxic agents. Although most immune-related adverse events can be ameliorated by temporarily withholding the drug and administering steroids, grade 3 to 4 toxicities can be challenging and some adverse effects can be long-lasting. NCCN has developed an immunotherapy teaching and monitoring tool that can help in evaluating and managing these autoimmune-mediated inflammatory conditions, which can affect virtually all organ systems...
May 2017: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514873/unpacking-community-mobility-a-preliminary-study-into-the-embodied-experiences-of-stroke-survivors
#12
Christa S Nanninga, Louise Meijering, Klaas Postema, Marleen C Schönherr, Ant T Lettinga
PURPOSE: To enrich the discussion on mobility in stroke rehabilitation by translating theoretical repertoires of mobility from the context of geography to rehabilitation. METHOD: Qualitative research methodology was applied, and included in-depth interviews with stroke survivors. RESULTS: This study revealed: (a) social and material differences in clinical, private and public places; (b) ambivalences and shifting tensions in bodily, family and community life; (c) differences in access to resources to be used for mobility...
May 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512486/students-knowledge-comprehension-after-implementation-of-live-conventional-demonstration-video-teaching-and-video-assisted-instruction-methods-in-endodontic-practice
#13
Nahid Mohammadzadeh Akhlaghi, Zohreh Khalilak, Mehdi Vatanpour, Amirabbas Moshari, Saman Ghaffari, Mohammad Sadegh Namazikhah
INTRODUCTION: Video-assisted clinical instruction (VACID) has been found to be a beneficial teaching tool for various fields in dentistry. The aim of this interventional study was to compare the efficacy of live conventional demonstration (CD), video teaching, and VACID (video with explanation) methods in teaching of root canal treatment to undergraduate dental students. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Forty-two undergraduate senior dental students participated in this study...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511454/the-factor-structure-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-persian-version-of-the-revised-prenatal-coping-inventory-nu-pci
#14
Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Hajar Pasha, Sorayya Khafri, Shima Heidary
INTRODUCTION: Familiarity with coping strategies is essential for stress management during pregnancy. The Revised Prenatal Coping Inventory (Nu-PCI) was developed to assess coping strategies during pregnancy. AIM: This study aimed to assess the factor structure and psychometric properties of the Persian version of the Nu-PCI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After forward-backward translation, the Nu-PCI was administered to 210 pregnant women who were enrolled in two teaching referral clinics in the North of the Islamic Republic of Iran (Babol)...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509701/educational-gaps-in-molecular-diagnostics-genomics-and-personalized-medicine-in-dermatopathology-training-a-survey-of-us-dermatopathology-fellowship-program-directors
#15
Kristin Torre, Kristen Russomanno, Tammie Ferringer, Dirk Elston, Michael J Murphy
BACKGROUND: Molecular technologies offer clinicians the tools to provide high-quality, cost-effective patient care. We evaluated education focused on molecular diagnostics, genomics, and personalized medicine in dermatopathology fellowship. DESIGN: A 20-question online survey was emailed to all (n = 53) Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)-accredited dermatopathology training programs in the United States. RESULTS: Thirty-one of 53 program directors responded (response rate = 58%)...
May 2, 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509677/stool-cytomegalovirus-polymerase-chain-reaction-for-the-diagnosis-of-cytomegalovirus-related-gastrointestinal-disease
#16
Noparat Prachasitthisak, Pornthep Tanpowpong, Chatmanee Lertudomphonwanit, Suporn Treepongkaruna, Sophida Boonsathorn, Napat Angkathunyakul, Pattana Sornmayura, Wasun Chantratita
OBJECTIVES: The diagnosis of cytomegalovirus-related gastrointestinal disease (CMV-GI disease) still requires histopathology, but biopsy is considered invasive. Stool CMV PCR has been reported in adults as an alternative method to diagnose this condition; hence, the results between studies are discrepant. Moreover, no pediatric studies on stool CMV real-time PCR in CMV-GI disease have been carried out. Here, we evaluate the value of stool CMV real-time PCR in detecting CMV-GI disease among immunocompromised children...
May 15, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503220/medication-reconciliation-errors-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-saudi-arabia-admission-discrepancies-and-risk-factors
#17
Faizan Mazhar, Shahzad Akram, Yousif A Al-Osaimi, Nafis Haider
BACKGROUND: Medication reconciliation is a major component of safe patient care. One of the main problems in the implementation of a medication reconciliation process is the lack of human resources. With limited resources, it is better to target medication reconciliation resources to patients who will derive the most benefit from it. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to determine the frequency and types of medication reconciliation errors identified by pharmacists performing medication reconciliation at admission...
January 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502388/the-grapefruit-an-alternative-arthroscopic-tool-skill-platform
#18
David A Molho, Stephen M Sylvia, Daniel L Schwartz, Sara L Merwin, I Martin Levy
PURPOSE: To establish the construct validity of an arthroscopic training model that teaches arthroscopic tool skills including triangulation, grasping, precision biting, implant delivery and ambidexterity and uses a whole grapefruit for its training platform. METHODS: For the grapefruit training model (GTM), an arthroscope and arthroscopic instruments were introduced through portals cut in the grapefruit skin of a whole prepared grapefruit. After institutional review board approval, participants performed a set of tasks inside the grapefruit...
May 11, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493805/creating-three-dimensional-printed-models-of-acetabular-fractures-for-use-as-educational-tools
#19
Matthew S Manganaro, Yoav Morag, William J Weadock, Corrie M Yablon, Kara Gaetke-Udager, Erica B Stein
Acetabular fractures are frequently encountered in some clinical practices, and the precise classification of these fractures greatly influences treatments and outcomes. The authors identified the need for an educational aid when teaching acetabular fracture classifications, given the complex spatial anatomy and the nonintuitive classification system that is commonly used. Three-dimensional ( 3D three-dimensional ) printing is an evolving technique that has applications as an educational aid, providing the student with a tangible object to interact with and learn from...
May 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493112/the-teaching-of-management-of-the-pulp-in-primary-molars-across-europe
#20
J Monteiro, A Ní Chaollaí, M Duggal
AIM: To determine which methods of primary pulp therapy are currently being taught in European dental schools. METHODS: An online survey tool was employed to send questionnaires to paediatric dentistry departments of 202 European dental schools. Email addresses were obtained from the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry and questionnaires were sent to one member of each department in December 2014. The survey included questions on treatment choices and clinical scenarios where respondents indicated how they would advise students to proceed, given a particular case...
May 10, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
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