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Neurodevelopmental outcomes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785793/outcomes-associated-with-fetal-parvovirus-b19-infection-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Francesca Bascietto, Marco Liberati, Daniela Murgano, Danilo Buca, Antonia Iacovelli, Maria Elena Flacco, Lamberto Manzoli, Alessandra Familiari, Giovanni Scambia, Francesco D'Antonio
OBJECTIVE: To explore the outcome of fetuses affected by congenital Parvovirus B19 (PB19) Infection. METHODS: The outcomes observed were: miscarriage, perinatal death (PND), intra-uterine death (IUD), neonatal death (NND), spontaneous resolution of hydrops or fetal anemia, intra-uterine transfusion (IUT), resolution of hydrops or anemia after transfusion, fetal loss following transfusion, abnormal brain scan after birth, abnormal neurodevelopmental outcome. All the observed outcomes were reported in fetuses presenting and in those not presenting signs of hydrops on ultrasound...
May 22, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782159/reduced-zebrafish-transcriptome-atlas-toward-understanding-the-environmental-neurotoxicants
#2
Kun Zhang, Yanbin Zhao
Transcriptomic approaches monitoring gene responses at genome-scale are increasingly used in toxicological research and help to clarify the molecular mechanisms of adverse effects caused by environmental toxicants. However, their applications for chemical assessment are hampered due to high expenses required and more importantly the lack of in-depth data mining and mechanistic perspectives. Here, we described a Reduced Transcriptome Atlas (RTA) approach which integrates transcriptomic datasets and a comprehensive panel of genes generated to represent neurogenesis and the early neuronal development of zebrafish, to determine the potential neurodevelopmental toxicities of environmental chemicals...
May 21, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778739/antenatal-ultrasound-value-in-risk-calculation-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review-to-support-future-research
#3
REVIEW
Francesca Fulceri, Andrea Guzzetta, Argyro Athanasiadou, Laura Iaconianni, Maria Luisa Scattoni
There is a growing research interest on the antenatal features of children with neurodevelopmental disorders. Indeed, it has been proved that the neurodevelopment is, at least partly, affected by processes occurring in fetal life and that the early neurodevelopmental disorders identification is essential to optimize long-term outcomes. This systematic review aims to summarize findings on antenatal ultrasound data, which are or might be considered early risk indexes of postnatal social impairments. We conducted systematic searches in Pubmed and PsychINFO databases to identify studies including fetal ultrasound measurements and postnatal neurodevelopmental outcome assessment...
May 17, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777555/impact-of-nicu-oral-feeding-on-neuropsychomotor-outcomes-at-9-months-of-corrected-age-in-chinese-low-birth-weight-preterm-infants-a-retrospective-study
#4
Wenwen Ding, Lijin Zhao, Nan Sheng, Jiali Ma, Ying Zhang
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine the changes in neuropsychomotor development and investigate the effect of feeding progression in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) on neuropsychomotor outcomes in low-birth-weight preterm infants within 9 months of corrected age. BACKGROUND: Low-birth-weight (LBW) preterm infants (<37 weeks of gestation and birth weight < 2500 g) are at a high risk for neuropsychomotor development delay. Therefore, exploring NICU practices related to neuropsychomotor development is important...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773950/could-autism-be-associated-with-nutritional-status-in-the-palestinian-population-the-outcomes-of-the-palestinian-micronutrient-survey
#5
Mohammad Altamimi
Background: Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder. It is believed that the cause of autism is multifactorial, where genetic predispositions interact with environmental factors. In this context, micronutrients play a crucial role. Objective: To present evidence on current micronutrient status in Palestine and highlight its possible role in increasing problems of neurodevelopment disorders in general and autism in particular. Method: Analytical review of results...
2018: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773777/seeking-biomarkers-of-early-childhood-malnutrition-s-long-term-effects
#6
Pedro A Valdés-Sosa, Janina R Galler, Cyralene P Bryce, Arielle G Rabinowitz, María L Bringas-Vega, Nibaldo Hernández-Mesa, Alberto Taboada-Crispi
Protein-energy malnutrition affects one in nine people worldwide and is most prevalent among children aged less than five years in low-income countries. Early childhood malnutrition can have damaging neurodevelopmental effects, with significant increases in cognitive, neurological and mental health problems over the lifespan, outcomes which can also extend to the next generation. This article describes a research collaboration involving scientists from five centers in Barbados, China, Cuba and the USA. It builds on longer-term joint work between the Barbados Nutrition Study (which, over a 45-year span, has extensively documented nutritional, health, behavioral, social and economic outcomes of individuals who experienced protein-energy malnutrition in the first year of life and healthy controls from the same classrooms and neighborhoods) and the Cuban Neuroscience Center (which has developed low-cost brain imaging methods that can be readily used in low income settings to identify biomarkers for early detection and treatment of adverse consequences of childhood malnutrition)...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765884/visual-evoked-potential-in-children-with-developmental-disorders-correlation-with-neurodevelopmental-outcomes
#7
JaYoung Kim, In Young Sung, Eun Jae Ko, Minji Jung
Objective: To investigate the neurodevelopmental outcomes in children with developmental disorder according to visual evoked potential (VEP) results. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed children who visited our Department of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine with a chief complaint of developmental disability from January 2001 to July 2015. Of the 549 medical records reviewed, 322 children younger than 42 months who underwent both Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development second edition (BSID-II) and VEP studies were enrolled...
April 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764710/a-systematic-review-to-explore-the-feasibility-of-a-behavioural-sleep-intervention-for-insomnia-in-children-with-neurodevelopmental-disorders-a-transdiagnostic-approach
#8
REVIEW
Gabrielle Rigney, Nicole S Ali, Penny V Corkum, Cary A Brown, Evelyn Constantin, Roger Godbout, Ana Hanlon-Dearman, Osman Ipsiroglu, Graham J Reid, Sarah Shea, Isabel M Smith, Hendrik F M Van der Loos, Shelly K Weiss
Children with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD) are at high risk for sleep problems, especially insomnia. It is currently not known whether behavioural sleep interventions developed for typically developing (TD) children are effective for children with NDD, and if interventions need to be modified for each diagnostic group. The aim of this systematic review was to identify and evaluate commonalities, trends in outcomes, and the methodological quality of parent-delivered behavioural sleep interventions for children with NDD, specifically Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Cerebral Palsy, and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder...
March 31, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762896/vertical-transmission-of-herpes-simplex-virus-an-update
#9
REVIEW
Anil Kumar Bhatta, Uma Keyal, Yeqiang Liu, Emese Gellen
Herpes simplex virus (HSV)-1 and -2 infections are highly prevalent worldwide. HSV infection during pregnancy can result in neonatal herpes infection, which is characterized by lifelong infection with periods of latency and reactivation. HSV can be acquired by an infant during one of three periods: in utero (5 %), peripartum (85 %), or postnatal (10 %). Neonatal HSV is a rare but significant infection that may be associated with severe morbidity and mortality, especially if there is dissemination or central nervous system involvement...
May 15, 2018: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757847/organophosphate-insecticide-exposure-a-clinical-consideration-of-chlorpyrifos-regulation
#10
Alexa Colgrove Curtis, Barbara Sattler
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In March 2017, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) reversed course on a proposal to ban the agricultural use of the organophosphate (OP) insecticide chlorpyrifos (CPF). The purpose of this article is to examine the evidence leading to this controversial decision and provide clinically applicable health promotion guidance for nurse practitioners on CPF exposure and risk reduction measures. METHODS: Environmental Protection Agency documents on CPF regulation and corresponding research referenced within the EPA reports are reviewed...
May 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754868/attitudes-surrounding-the-management-of-neonates-with-severe-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#11
Gillian C Pet, Ryan M McAdams, Lilah Melzer, Assaf P Oron, Simon P Horslen, Adam Goldin, Patrick J Javid
OBJECTIVES: To assess providers' recommendations as to comfort care versus medical and surgical management in clinical scenarios of newborns with severe bowel loss and to assess how a variety of factors influence providers' decision making. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a survey of pediatric surgeons and neonatologists via the American Pediatric Surgical Association and American Academy of Pediatrics Section of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine. We examined how respondents' recommendations were affected by a variety of patient and provider factors...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751845/beneath-the-floor-re-analysis-of-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-in-untreated-hurler-syndrome
#12
Elsa G Shapiro, Chester B Whitley, Julie B Eisengart
BACKGROUND: Hurler syndrome (MPS IH), the severe, neurodegenerative form of type one mucopolysaccharidosis, is associated with rapid neurocognitive decline during toddlerhood and multi-system dysfunction. It is now standardly treated with hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), which halts accumulating disease pathology and prevents early death. While norm-based data on developmental functioning in untreated children have previously demonstrated neurocognitive decline, advances in methodology for understanding the cognitive functioning of children with neurodegenerative diseases have highlighted that the previous choice of scores to report results was not ideal...
May 11, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748956/neurobehavioral-evaluation-of-neonates-with-congenital-heart-disease-a-cohort-study
#13
Whitnee J Hogan, Sarah Winter, Nelangi M Pinto, Cindy Weng, Xiaoming Sheng, Elisabeth Conradt, Janine Wood, Michael D Puchalski, Lloyd Y Tani, Thomas A Miller
AIM: To describe neurobehavioral patterns in neonates with congenital heart disease (CHD). METHOD: A cohort study describing neurobehavioral performance of neonates with CHD requiring cardiac surgery. The neonates were evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively with the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Network Neurobehavioral Scale (NNNS) and scores were compared with published normative values. Clinical factors were obtained by chart review to assess their association with behavior...
May 10, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748850/from-aggression-to-autism-new-perspectives-on-the-behavioral-sequelae-of-monoamine-oxidase-deficiency
#14
REVIEW
Marco Bortolato, Gabriele Floris, Jean C Shih
The two monoamine oxidase (MAO) enzymes, A and B, catalyze the metabolism of monoamine neurotransmitters, such as serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine. The phenotypic outcomes of MAO congenital deficiency have been studied in humans and animal models, to explore the role of these enzymes in behavioral regulation. The clinical condition caused by MAOA deficiency, Brunner syndrome, was first described as a disorder characterized by overt antisocial and aggressive conduct. Building on this discovery, subsequent studies were focused on the characterization of the role of MAOA in the neurobiology of antisocial conduct...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747893/perinatal-brain-injury-mechanisms-prevention-and-outcomes
#15
REVIEW
Christopher M Novak, Maide Ozen, Irina Burd
Perinatal brain injury may lead to long-term morbidity and neurodevelopmental impairment. Improvements in perinatal care have resulted in the survival of more infants with perinatal brain injury. The effects of hypoxia-ischemia, inflammation, and infection during critical periods of development can lead to a common pathway of perinatal brain injury marked by neuronal excitotoxicity, cellular apoptosis, and microglial activation. Various interventions can prevent or improve the outcomes of different types of perinatal brain injury...
June 2018: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746376/neruodevelopmental-outcomes-in-pre-school-children-living-with-hiv-1-subtypes-a-and-d-in-uganda
#16
Horacio Ruiseñor-Escudero, Alla Sikorskii, Itziar Familiar-Lopez, Deborah Persaud, Carrie Ziemniak, Noeline Nakasujja, Robert Opoka, Michael Boivin
BACKGROUND: HIV is a neuropathogenic virus that may result in detrimental neurodevelopmental (ND) outcomes early in life. This is the first study to evaluate the effect of HIV-1 subtype on neurodevelopment of Ugandan pre-school children. METHODS: Neurodevelopment of 87 HIV-1 infected and 221 HIV exposed uninfected (HEU) Ugandan children aged 1.8 to 4.9 years was assessed using four scales of the Mullen Scales of Early Learning (MSEL), two scales of the Color Object Association Test (COAT), and one score of the Early Childhood Vigilance Test (ECVT)...
May 9, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744787/ada-deficiency-evaluation-of-the-clinical-and-laboratory-features-and-the-outcome
#17
Deniz Cagdas, Pınar Gur Cetinkaya, Betül Karaatmaca, Saliha Esenboga, Cagman Tan, Togay Yılmaz, Ersin Gümüş, Safa Barış, Barış Kuşkonmaz, Tuba Turul Ozgur, Pawan Bali, Ines Santisteban, Diclehan Orhan, Aysel Yüce, Duygu Cetinkaya, Kaan Boztug, Michael Hershfield, Ozden Sanal, İlhan Tezcan
INTRODUCTION: Adenosine deaminase (ADA) deficiency is an autosomal recessive primary immunodeficiency. It results in the intracellular accumulation of toxic metabolites which have effects particularly on lymphocytes and the brain. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of 13 ADA-deficient patients. We planned to evaluate their clinical and laboratory findings before and after enzyme replacement therapy (ERT), allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (aHSCT), and hematopoietic stem cell gene therapy (HSCGT)...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744390/stage-1-registered-report-variation-in-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-in-children-with-sex-chromosome-trisomies-protocol-for-a-test-of-the-double-hit-hypothesis
#18
Dianne F Newbury, Nuala H Simpson, Paul A Thompson, Dorothy V M Bishop
Background : The presence of an extra sex chromosome is associated with an increased rate of neurodevelopmental difficulties involving language. Group averages, however, obscure a wide range of outcomes. Hypothesis: The 'double hit' hypothesis proposes that the adverse impact of the extra sex chromosome is amplified when genes that are expressed from the sex chromosomes interact with autosomal variants that usually have only mild effects. Neuroligin-4 genes are expressed from X and Y chromosomes; they play an important role in synaptic development and have been implicated in neurodevelopment...
2018: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740190/does-duration-of-caffeine-therapy-in-preterm-infants-born-%C3%A2-1250-g-at-birth-influence-neurodevelopmental-nd-outcomes-at-3-years-of-age
#19
A Lodha, Y Rabi, A Soraisham, J Dobry, Arijit Lodha, H Amin, E Al Awad, S Tang, A Sahai, V Bhandari
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of duration of caffeine use on long-term neurodevelopmental (ND) outcomes at 3 years corrected age (CA) in preterm infants with birthweights (BW) ≤ 1250 g. DESIGN/METHODS: All surviving infants with BW ≤ 1250 g admitted to the Foothills Medical Center neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) from January 2002 to December 2009 who received the first dose of caffeine in the first week of life and were followed up at three years CA were included in the study...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740187/do-preterm-infants-with-a-birth-weight-%C3%A2-1250-g-born-to-single-parent-families-have-poorer-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-at-age-3-than-those-born-to-two-parent-families
#20
Abhay Lodha, Jahan Lakhani, Krystyna Ediger, Selphee Tang, Arijit Lodha, Vardhil Gandhi, Dianne Creighton
OBJECTIVE: Investigate neurodevelopmental outcomes at 3 years corrected age in infants with a birth weight ≤1250 g born to single parents. STUDY DESIGN: Infants born between 1995 and 2010 with a birth weight ≤1250 g were considered eligible. Primary outcome was neurodevelopmental impairment; considered present if a child had any of the following: cerebral palsy, cognitive delay, visual impairment, or deafness/neurosensory hearing impairment. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
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