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Electrical stimulation physical therapy MPFL

Alexandre Carneiro Bitar, Marco Kawamura Demange, Caio Oliveira D'Elia, Gilberto Luis Camanho
BACKGROUND: Over the long term, acute patellar dislocations can result in patellar instability, with high recurrence rates after nonoperative treatment. PURPOSE: To compare the results of operative (reconstruction of the medial patellofemoral ligament [MPFL]) versus nonoperative treatment of primary patellar dislocation. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial; Level of evidence, 1. METHODS: Thirty-nine patients (41 knees) (mean age, 24...
January 2012: American Journal of Sports Medicine
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