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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334280/comparison-of-guidelines-for-the-use-of-tnf-inhibitors-for-psoriasis-in-the-united-states-canada-europe-and-the-united-kingdom-a-critical-appraisal-and-comprehensive-review
#1
Vidhi V Shah, Erica B Lee, Shivani Reddy, Elaine J Lin, Jashin J Wu
PURPOSE: To compare and contrast evidence-based CPGs from leading dermatological organizations for the use of tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) in psoriasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Guidelines from the British National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), the British Association of Dermatologists (BAD), the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD), the National Psoriasis Foundation (NPF), and the Canadian Dermatology Association (CDA) were reviewed and compared...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331972/cohort-profile-the-comparative-outcomes-and-service-utilization-trends-coast-study-among-people-living-with-and-without-hiv-in-british-columbia-canada
#2
Oghenowede Eyawo, Mark W Hull, Kate Salters, Hasina Samji, Angela Cescon, Paul Sereda, Viviane D Lima, Bohdan Nosyk, David G T Whitehurst, Scott A Lear, Julio S G Montaner, Robert S Hogg
PURPOSE: The Comparative Outcomes And Service Utilization Trends (COAST) Study in British Columbia (BC), Canada, was designed to evaluate the determinants of health outcomes and health care services use among people living with HIV (PLHIV) as they age in the period following the introduction of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). The study also assesses how age-associated comorbidities and health care use among PLHIV may differ from those observed in the general population. PARTICIPANTS: COAST was established through a data linkage between two provincial data sources: The BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS Drug Treatment Program, which centrally manages cART dispensation across BC and contains prospectively collected data on demographic, immunological, virological, cART use and other clinical information for all known PLHIV in BC; and Population Data BC, a provincial data repository that holds individual event-level, longitudinal data for all 4...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331662/exposure-to-natural-environments-and-photographs-of-natural-environments-promotes-more-positive-body-image
#3
Viren Swami, David Barron, Adrian Furnham
Five studies were conducted to understand the impact of nature exposure on body image. In three studies using different designs and outcome measures, British university students were exposed to photographs of natural or built environments. Results indicated that exposure to images of natural, but not built, environments resulted in improved state body image. In Study 4, British community participants went on a walk in a natural or built environment, with results indicating that the walk in a natural environment resulted in significantly higher state body appreciation, whereas the walk in a built environment resulted in significantly lower scores...
January 11, 2018: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331283/the-influx-of-marine-debris-from-the-great-japan-tsunami-of-2011-to-north-american-shorelines
#4
Cathryn Clarke Murray, Nikolai Maximenko, Sherry Lippiatt
Marine debris is one of the leading threats to the ocean and the Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami on March 11, 2011 washed away an estimated 5million tons of debris in a single, tragic event. Here we used shoreline surveys, disaster debris reports and ocean drift models to investigate the temporal and spatial trends in the arrival of tsunami marine debris. The increase in debris influx to surveyed North American and Hawaiian shorelines was substantial and significant, representing a 10 time increase over the baseline in northern Washington State where a long term dataset was available...
January 10, 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330990/association-of-quality-of-sleep-with-cognitive-decline-among-the-patients-of-chronic-kidney-disease-undergoing-haemodialysis
#5
Usama Bin Zubair, Batool Butt
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to determine the association between the subjective quality of sleep and cognitive decline among the patients of chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing haemodialysis. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study 106 patients of chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing haemodialysis at a tertiary care hospital in Rawalpindi, Pakistan were included in the final analysis. Cognitive decline was measured by British Columbia Cognitive Complaints Inventory (BC-CCI)...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330662/yogurt-consumption-is-associated-with-higher-nutrient-intake-diet-quality-and-favourable-metabolic-profile-in-children-a-cross-sectional-analysis-using-data-from-years-1-4-of-the-national-diet-and-nutrition-survey-uk
#6
D A Hobbs, D I Givens, J A Lovegrove
PURPOSE: Yogurt consumption has been associated with higher nutrient intakes, better diet quality and improved metabolic profiles in adults. Few studies have investigated these associations in children. This study investigated the association of yogurt consumption with nutrient intakes, diet quality and metabolic profile in British children. METHODS: Data from  1687 children aged 4-10 and 11-18 years of the National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS) years 1-4 were analysed...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330600/the-impact-of-acoustic-neuroma-on-long-term-quality-of-life-outcomes-in-the-united-kingdom
#7
Wouter L Lodder, Bernard F A M van der Laan, Tristram H Lesser, Samuel C Leong
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the impact of acoustic neuroma on the quality-of-life (QOL) patients in the United Kingdom. STUDY DESIGN: Online questionnaire survey. PATIENTS: Members of the British Acoustic Neuroma Association received PANQOL questionnaires. RESULTS: Of the 880 BANA members contacted, 397 (45.1%) responded, although only 359 had complete datasets for analysis. Composite QOL scores were as follows: for microsurgery 58 (SD 35), for radiotherapy 56 (SD18), for combination of surgery and radiotherapy 49 (SD 14), and for the observation group 54 (SD 20)...
January 12, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330475/recent-enhanced-high-summer-north-atlantic-jet-variability-emerges-from-three-century-context
#8
V Trouet, F Babst, M Meko
A recent increase in mid-latitude extreme weather events has been linked to Northern Hemisphere polar jet stream anomalies. To put recent trends in a historical perspective, long-term records of jet stream variability are needed. Here we combine two tree-ring records from the British Isles and the northeastern Mediterranean to reconstruct variability in the latitudinal position of the high-summer North Atlantic Jet (NAJ) back to 1725 CE. We find that northward NAJ anomalies have resulted in heatwaves and droughts in northwestern Europe and southward anomalies have promoted wildfires in southeastern Europe...
January 12, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330172/origins-of-tobacco-harm-reduction-in-the-uk-the-product-modification-programme-1972-1991
#9
Jesse Elias, Pamela M Ling
OBJECTIVE: To better understand the current embrace of long-term nicotine maintenance by British governmental agencies and tobacco harm reduction by several leading British public health organisations, describe the context and deliberations of the UK's first formal tobacco risk reduction programme: 'Product Modification'. METHODS: Analysis of previously secret tobacco industry documents, news archives and Parliamentary debate records. RESULTS: From 1972 to 1991, the British government sought to investigate safer smoking through the 'product modification programme'...
January 12, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328654/country-level-life-cycle-assessment-of-greenhouse-gas-emissions-from-liquefied-natural-gas-trade-for-electricity-generation
#10
Adebola S Kasumu, Vivian Li, James W Coleman, Jeanne Liendo, Sarah M Jordaan
In the determination of the net impact of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) on greenhouse gas emissions, Life Cycle Assessments (LCA) of electricity generation have yet to combine the effects of transport distances between exporting and importing countries, country-level infrastructure in importing countries, and the fuel sources displaced in importing countries. To address this, we conduct a LCA of electricity generated from LNG export from British Columbia, Canada with a three-step approach: (1) a review of viable electricity generation markets for LNG, (2) the development of results for greenhouse gas emissions that account for transport to importing nations as well as the infrastructure required for power generation and delivery, and (3) emissions displacement scenarios to test assumptions about what electricity is being displaced in the importing nation...
January 12, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328066/a-british-ophthalmological-surveillance-unit-study-on-metastatic-endogenous-endophthalmitis
#11
S Maling, C King, N Davies
PurposeEndogenous endophthalmitis (EE) is a rare but serious ocular infection caused by the seeding of bacteria into the eye from a source elsewhere in the body. Studies suggest that EE accounts for 2 to 8% of all endophthalmitis.MethodsA prospective observational study was conducted using the British Ophthalmological Surveillance Unit reporting system. Questionnaires were sent to reporting Ophthalmologists in the UK to assess incidence, underlying aetiology, eye findings, management, and final outcomes in endogenous endophthalmitis over a 12-month period within the British Isles...
January 12, 2018: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328019/amygdala-reactivity-in-ethnic-minorities-and-its-relationship-to-the-social-environment-an-fmri-study
#12
Robert McCutcheon, Michael A P Bloomfield, Tarik Dahoun, Marina Quinlan, Sylvia Terbeck, Mitul Mehta, Oliver Howes
BACKGROUND: Ethnic minority individuals have an increased risk of developing a psychotic disorder, particularly if they live in areas of ethnic segregation, or low own group ethnic density. The neurobiological mechanisms underlying this ethnic minority associated risk are unknown. We used functional MRI to investigate neural responses to faces of different ethnicity, in individuals of black ethnicity, and a control group of white British ethnicity individuals. METHODS: In total 20 individuals of black ethnicity, and 22 individuals of white British ethnicity underwent a 3T MRI scan while viewing faces of black and white ethnicity...
January 12, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326453/the-use-of-hall-technique-preformed-metal-crowns-by-specialist-paediatric-dentists-in-the-uk
#13
A Roberts, A McKay, S Albadri
Background Hall technique preformed metal crowns (HTPMCs) have been increasing in use recently, but little is currently known about their use by specialists.Aim To investigate the views and usage of HTPMCs by UK specialist paediatric dentists.Design This was a prospective questionnaire-based study, distributed online to all specialists on the British Society of Paediatric Dentistry email list between July and September 2014.Results Ninety-four questionnaires were completed. The majority of respondents, 65% (61) worked in teaching hospitals, followed by community dental services, 37% (35)...
January 12, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326314/high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-and-mortality-too-much-of-a-good-thing
#14
Mark Hamer, Gary O'Donovan, Emmanuel Stamatakis
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the shape of the association between high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and mortality in a large general population sample. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Adult participants (n=37 059; age=57.7±11.9 years; 46.8% men) were recruited from general population household-based surveys (Health Survey for England and Scottish Health Survey). Individual participant data were linked with the British National Health Service Central Registry to record mortality...
January 11, 2018: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326278/an-update-on-the-management-of-gout
#15
(no author information available yet)
Gout is the most common form of inflammatory arthritis and its incidence in the UK has steadily increased from 1.5% in 1997 to 2.5% in 2012.1,2 It is characterised by deposition of monosodium urate crystals in joints and tissues and usually presents with intermittent painful attacks followed by long periods of remission.3 It has been suggested that the management of gout in the UK remains suboptimal.1 In 2004, we concluded that there was a woeful lack of evidence to guide treatment or prophylaxis for gout, particularly with regard to choice of drug or doses...
January 2018: Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323977/the-personal-tutor-as-a-role-model-for-students-humanising-nursing-care
#16
Sara White, Lucy Stainer, Karen Cooper, Sharon Waight
This article explores how nurse academics in one British university uphold and role model the humanising framework developed by Todres et al (2009) . It gives a brief overview of nurse education in the UK. Next it outlines the nature of the personal tutor role. It then offers an overview of the humanising framework, its background and embodiment in the undergraduate nursing curriculum. It explores how nurse academics role model humanisation and how this influences and impacts on students' ability to live and apply the humanising dimensions of nursing to enhance patients' lived experience of care...
January 11, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322502/systematic-review-of-benefits-or-harms-of-routine-anaesthetist-inserted-throat-packs-in-adults-practice-recommendations-for-inserting-and-counting-throat-packs-an-evidence-based-consensus-statement-by-the-difficult-airway-society-das-the-british-association
#17
REVIEW
V Athanassoglou, A Patel, B McGuire, A Higgs, M S Dover, P A Brennan, A Banerjee, B Bingham, J J Pandit
Throat packs are commonly inserted by anaesthetists after induction of anaesthesia for dental, maxillofacial, nasal or upper airway surgery. However, the evidence supporting this practice as routine is unclear, especially in the light of accidentally retained throat packs which constitute 'Never Events' as defined by NHS England. On behalf of three relevant national organisations, we therefore conducted a systematic review and literature search to assess the evidence base for benefit, and also the extent and severity of complications associated with throat pack use...
January 10, 2018: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322403/divorce-separation-and-housing-changes-a-multiprocess-analysis-of-longitudinal-data-from-england-and-wales
#18
Júlia Mikolai, Hill Kulu
This study investigates the effect of marital and nonmarital separation on individuals' residential and housing trajectories. Using rich data from the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) and applying multilevel competing-risks event history models, we analyze the risk of a move of single, married, cohabiting, and separated men and women to different housing types. We distinguish moves due to separation from moves of separated people and account for unobserved codeterminants of moving and separation risks...
January 10, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322024/hypocalcaemia-and-permanent-hypoparathyroidism-after-total-bilateral-thyroidectomy-in-the-baets-registry
#19
REVIEW
David R Chadwick
The UK Registry of Endocrine and Thyroid Surgeons (UKRETS) has been operated by the British Association of Endocrine and Thyroid Surgeons (BAETS) and Dendrite Clinical Systems Ltd. in a web-based electronic format since 2004. Data on over 90,000 endocrine procedures have been collected to date. Analysis of those cases undergoing bilateral thyroid resections in the interval July 2010 to June 2015 demonstrates that hypocalcaemia remains the commonest complication of thyroid surgery. After first-time total thyroidectomy, 23...
December 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320950/reclaim-the-menopause-a-pilot-study-of-an-evidence-based-menopause-course-for-symptom-management-and-resilience-building
#20
Eileen Bellot, Naomi Rouse, Myra S Hunter
Reclaim the Menopause is a community-based menopause course developed by Hands Inc. and supported by Hackney Learning Trust. The course provides evidence-based education, cognitive behaviour therapy and psychosocial support to promote menopause awareness, challenge stigma and increase self-management amongst menopausal women. Ethnicity was an important aspect of the work, as Hands Inc. was keen to reach women who might not otherwise access interventions. All course participants were Black British (as were two of the three facilitators)...
January 1, 2018: Post Reproductive Health
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