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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209686/neuromuscular-taping-enhances-hand-function-in-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis-a-pilot-study
#1
S Parisi, C Celletti, M Scarati, M Priora, A Laganà, C L Peroni, F Camerota, G La Torre, D Blow, E Fusaro
Hand functioning is often impaired in patients with Systemic sclerosis. Neuromuscular Taping is a novel application of tape able to improve functioning. The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible role of this application in the hand functionality of patients with Systemic sclerosis. Women with a diagnosis of SSc has been recruited and evaluated using different scales before and immediately after NMT application and after one, three and six months. Fifty-three women has been evaluated and Cochin Hand Functional Disability scale, Hand Mobility in Sclerodermia, Modified Rodnan Skin Score and Dreiser Algo - Functional Index scores showed statistical significant differences during all the period; moreover a reduction of pain and Raynaud Phenomenon's and an improvement of finger flexion has been observed...
November 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208026/operationalizing-mhealth-to-improve-patient-care-a-qualitative-implementation-science-evaluation-of-the-weltel-texting-intervention-in-canada-and-kenya
#2
Kevin Louis Bardosh, Melanie Murray, Antony M Khaemba, Kirsten Smillie, Richard Lester
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth) applications have proliferated across the globe with much enthusiasm, although few have reached scale and shown public health impact. In this study, we explored how different contextual factors influenced the implementation, effectiveness and potential for scale-up of WelTel, an easy-to-use and evidence-based mHealth intervention. WelTel uses two-way SMS communication to improve patient adherence to medication and engagement in care, and has been developed and tested in Canada and Kenya...
December 6, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203035/-perspective-of-the-transition-from-reusable-instruments-to-single-use-ancillary-in-orthopedic-surgery
#3
J Steelandt, T Vaillant, C Duhamel, S Haghighat, J-M Féron, P Paubel, A-L Cordonnier
OBJECTIVES: Since 2009, single-use (SU) ancillaries for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA) have been marketed to replace reusable ancillaries. The concept is not innovative but their use in orthopedics is still uncommon. An assessment has been done for the use of SU ancillary in Assistance publique-hôpitaux de Paris with the consequences for the patient, the surgeon and the hospital. METHODS: A technical and a clinical review has been done with those devices in 2015...
December 1, 2017: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200634/the-immediate-effects-of-rib-cage-joint-mobilization-and-chest-wall-stretch-on-muscle-tone-and-stiffness-of-respiratory-muscles-and-chest-expansion-ability-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke
#4
Shin-Jun Park, Soon-Hee Kim, Kyung-Ok Min
[Purpose] The main purpose of this study was to identify the impact of rib cage joint mobilization and chest wall stretch on respiratory muscle tone and stiffness and chest expansion in stroke patients and to compare the effects of both interventions. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects were randomly assigned to a rib cage joint mobilization group (n=15) or a chest wall stretch group (n=15). Respiratory muscle tone and stiffness were measured using a myotonometer, and the chest expansion was gauged using a measuring tape...
November 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200431/post-illumination-cellular-effects-of-photodynamic-treatment
#5
Malak Charara, Artak Tovmasyan, Ines Batinic-Haberle, James Craik, Ludmil Benov
Increased interest in clinical application of photodynamic therapy (PDT) in various medical fields poses a demand for better understanding of processes triggered by photo-treatment. Most of the work on PDT performed so far has focused on the immediate effects of photo-treatment. It is generally accepted that cellular damage occurs during light exposure and within a short period thereafter. If cells are not killed during the PDT, they might recover, depending on the extent of the photo-induced damage. Little is known, however, about the relationship between the properties of photosensitizers (PSs) and the delayed consequences of PDT...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197263/effects-of-using-mobile-device-based-academic-electronic-medical-records-for-clinical-practicum-by-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-quasi-experimental-study
#6
Mona Choi, HyeongSuk Lee, Joon Ho Park
INTRODUCTION: The academic electronic medical record (AEMR) system is applied with the expectation that nursing students will be able to attain competence in healthcare decision-making and nursing informatics competencies. However, there is insufficient evidence regarding the advantage of applying mobile devices to clinical practicum. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the effect of an experiment that introduced a mobile AEMR application for undergraduate nursing students in their practicum...
November 21, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183307/the-immediate-effect-of-muscle-release-intervention-on-muscle-activity-and-shoulder-kinematics-in-patients-with-frozen-shoulder-a-cross-sectional-exploratory-study
#7
Yi-Fen Shih, Pei-Wen Liao, Chun-Shou Lee
BACKGROUND: Contractile tissue plays an important role in mobility deficits in frozen shoulder (FS). However, no study has assessed the effect of the muscle release technique on the muscle activation and kinematics in individuals with FS. The purposes of this study were to assess the differences in shoulder muscle activity and kinematics between the FS and asymptomatic groups; and to determine the immediate effects of muscle release intervention in the FS group. METHODS: Twenty patients with FS and 20 asymptomatic controls were recruited...
November 28, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138435/effects-of-gsm-and-umts-mobile-telephony-signals-on-neuron-degeneration-and-blood-brain-barrier-permeation-in-the-rat-brain
#8
Florence Poulletier de Gannes, Hiroshi Masuda, Bernard Billaudel, Emmanuelle Poque-Haro, Annabelle Hurtier, Philippe Lévêque, Gilles Ruffié, Murielle Taxile, Bernard Veyret, Isabelle Lagroye
Blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeation and neuron degeneration were assessed in the rat brain following exposure to mobile communication radiofrequency (RF) signals (GSM-1800 and UMTS-1950). Two protocols were used: (i) single 2 h exposure, with rats sacrificed immediately, and 1 h, 1, 7, or 50 days later, and (ii) repeated exposures (2 h/day, 5 days/week, for 4 weeks) with the effects assessed immediately and 50 days after the end of exposure. The rats' heads were exposed at brain-averaged specific absorption rates (BASAR) of 0...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125394/knowledge-gained-and-retained-from-a-video-centered-community-based-intervention-for-ebola-prevention-congo
#9
Amira A Roess, Rosemarie Di Peppi, Eric A Kinzoni, Michaelle Molouania, Emily Kennedy, Saturnin R Ibata, Nkenda Badinga, Fredy S Mabola, Cynthia Moses
There are few effective communication interventions to respond to Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreaks, and their development is a continuing challenge. The largest outbreak of EVD was first recognized in 2014 and once again highlighted the need for health education communication campaigns. EVD emergence and transmission are associated with behaviors that increase exposure to infected individuals and infected wildlife. In 2008-2009, an educational video-centered intervention consisting of a film followed by a structured discussion was developed to improve EVD knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors (KABs) for prevention of EVD and care of infected people...
November 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115159/independent-and-synergistic-effects-of-self-and-public-stigmas-on-quality-of-life-of-hiv-infected-persons
#10
Linlin Lindayani, Kusman Ibrahim, Jung-Der Wang, Nai-Ying Ko
Stigma has a potential impact on the quality of life of HIV-infected individuals over time. There is little empirical evidence regarding the first appearance and dynamic changes among different types of stigma, self-stigma and public-stigma, and their impacts on quality of life over time in HIV-infected persons. The purpose of this study was to assess the dynamic changes in self-stigma and public-stigma along the time course and determined their independent and synergistic impacts on quality of life. A Cross-sectional study was conducted at Two HIV-designed hospitals and two branches of non-government an-AIDS organizations in Wes Java, Indonesia...
November 8, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107731/liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometric-assay-for-determination-of-unstable-arecoline-in-rat-plasma-and-its-application
#11
Hong Pan, Linyan Huang, Yi Li, Xumei Zhou, Yuanfu Lu, Fuguo Shi
Arecoline, a predominant alkaloid in areca nut, shows several pharmacological and toxicological effects. In present study, a sensitive and accurate liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed and fully validated for quantification of arecoline in rat plasma. Importantly, our group found that arecoline was highly unstable in rat plasma samples, which brought challenges to accurately quantify in vivo. The hydrolysis of ester moiety of arecoline by carboxylesterases was responsible for its instability, and arecoline was hydrolyzed to arecaidine...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103437/in-vivo-determination-of-critical-force-levels-using-an-intraoral-electromechanical-device-to-measure-nonpathologic-tooth-mobility
#12
Tim Wucher, Alfred Meyer Dippenaar, Martin Wucher
INTRODUCTION: An electromechanical device was used to experimentally characterize the movement of a single tooth within the periodontal ligament space. The force magnitude leading to the complete compression of the periodontal ligament is considered a critical force and is designated Fc. We investigated the effectiveness of the electromechanical device to repeatedly determine the critical force magnitude Fc. METHODS: The study comprised 12 tests conducted on 11 subjects...
November 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100753/evaluating-the-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-sending-pregnancy-and-abortion-history-surveys-through-sms-text-messaging-to-help-reach-sustainable-development-goal-3
#13
Aimee Leidich, Ruvani Jayaweera, Jennet Arcara, Shannon Clawson, Chad Chalker, Roger Rochat
INTRODUCTION: In Kenya, abortion is illegal under most circumstances, yet about 48 abortions per 1,000 women occurred in 2012. Given the stigma around abortion, little is known about the availability of safe abortion. Thus, we explored the feasibility and acceptability of using SMS mobile surveys to collect information about women's pregnancy and abortion histories in Kenya. METHODS: We sent a one-time mobile survey to 500 18-24year old women who had opted-in to a 16,000-person mobile survey panel...
October 24, 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078973/glycyrrhizin-suppresses-the-expressions-of-hmgb1-and-ameliorates-inflammative-effect-after-acute-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-in-rat-model
#14
Chengcheng Ieong, Haogen Sun, Qiangping Wang, Junpeng Ma
High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), a nuclear protein that has endogenous cytokine-like activity, is involved in early brain injury after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) by mediating inflammatory response. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of glycyrrhizin as an inhibitor of HMGB1 in a rat SAH model. Experimental SAH was induced by using autologous blood injection to prechiasmatic cistern. 15 mg/kg glycyrrhizin was administered immediately after SAH induction, and then administered once at 6, 12 and 18 h...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065194/nicotine-induced-neuroprotection-against-cognitive-dysfunction-after-partial-hepatectomy-involves-activation-of-bdnf-trkb-signaling-pathway-and-inhibition-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway-in-aged-rats
#15
Penghui Wei, Qiang Zheng, Hui Liu, Tiantian Wan, Jinfeng Zhou, Dong Li, Haipeng Zhou, Jing Li, Fucheng Ji, Wenxi Tang, Jianjun Li
Introduction: The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effects and possible mechanisms of nicotine pre-treatment on postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) in aged rats. Methods: Nicotine (0.5 mg/kg) was given i.p. immediately after anesthesia induction. After the Morris water maze test was used to evaluate the rats' spatial learning and memory, serum and hippocampal tissues were harvested 1 and 3 days after intervention. Inflammatory cytokines in the serum were evaluated by Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA)...
July 27, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060950/fuzzy-logic-based-mobile-computing-system-for-hand-rehabilitation-after-neurological-injury
#16
Yu-Hsien Chiu, Tien-Wen Chen, Yenming J Chen, Ching-I Su, Kao-Shing Hwang, Wen-Hsien Ho
BACKGROUND: Effective neurological rehabilitation requires long term assessment and treatment. The rapid progress of virtual reality-based assistive technologies and tele-rehabilitation has increased the potential for self-rehabilitation of various neurological injuries under clinical supervision. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop a fuzzy inference mechanism for a smart mobile computing system designed to support in-home rehabilitation of patients with neurological injury in the hand by providing an objective means of self-assessment...
October 13, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055216/thoracic-manual-therapy-is-not-more-effective-than-placebo-thoracic-manual-therapy-in-patients-with-shoulder-dysfunctions-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Paolo Bizzarri, Luca Buzzatti, Erik Cattrysse, Aldo Scafoglieri
BACKGROUND: Manual treatments targeting different regions (shoulder, cervical spine, thoracic spine, ribs) have been studied to deal with patients complaining of shoulder pain. Thoracic manual treatments seem able to produce beneficial effects on this group of patients. However, it is not clear whether the patient improvement is a consequence of thoracic manual therapy or a placebo effect. OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of thoracic manual therapy and placebo thoracic manual treatment for patients with shoulder dysfunction...
October 14, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043110/neurodynamic-mobilization-and-foam-rolling-improved-delayed-onset-muscle-soreness-in-a-healthy-adult-population-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#18
Blanca Romero-Moraleda, Roy La Touche, Sergio Lerma-Lara, Raúl Ferrer-Peña, Víctor Paredes, Ana Belén Peinado, Daniel Muñoz-García
OBJECTIVES: Compare the immediate effects of a Neurodynamic Mobilization (NM) treatment or foam roller (FR) treatment after DOMS. DESIGN: Double blind randomised clinical trial. SETTING: The participants performed 100 drop jumps (5 sets of 20 repetitions, separated by 2 min rests) from a 0.5-m high box in a University biomechanics laboratory to induce muscle soreness. The participants were randomly assigned in a counter-balanced fashion to either a FR or NM treatment group...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040538/immobilization-or-mobilization-after-iui-an-rct
#19
J van Rijswijk, M R Caanen, V Mijatovic, C G Vergouw, P M van de Ven, C B Lambalk, R Schats
STUDY QUESTION: Does 15 min of immobilization after IUI improve pregnancy rates? SUMMARY ANSWER: Immobilization for 15 min after IUI does not improve pregnancy rates. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Prior RCTs report a beneficial effect of supine immobilization for 15 min following IUI compared to immediate mobilization, however, these studies can be criticized. Given the importance for the logistics in daily practice and the lack of biological plausibility we planned a replication study prior to potential implementation of this procedure...
November 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037630/hypoalgesic-effects-of-three-different-manual-therapy-techniques-on-cervical-spine-and-psychological-interaction-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Jose Luis Alonso-Perez, Almudena Lopez-Lopez, Roy La Touche, Sergio Lerma-Lara, Emilio Suarez, Javier Rojas, Mark D Bishop, Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Josué Fernández-Carnero
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the extent to which psychological factors interact with a particular manual therapy (MT) technique to induce hypoalgesia in healthy subjects. METHODS: Seventy-five healthy volunteers (36 female, 39 males), were recruited in this double-blind, controlled and parallel study. Subjects were randomly assigned to receive: High velocity low amplitude technique (HVLA), joint mobilization, or Cervical Lateral glide mobilization (CLGM)...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
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