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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719996/efficacy-of-short-term-robot-assisted-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-hand-paralysis-after-stroke-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Jorge H Villafañe, Giovanni Taveggia, Silvia Galeri, Luciano Bissolotti, Chiara Mullè, Grace Imperio, Kristin Valdes, Alberto Borboni, Stefano Negrini
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the effectiveness of robot-assisted motion and activity in additional to physiotherapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) on stroke patients with hand paralysis. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted. Thirty-two patients, 34.4% female (mean ± SD age: 68.9 ± 11.6 years), with hand paralysis after stroke participated. The experimental group received 30 minutes of passive mobilization of the hand through the robotic device Gloreha (Brescia, Italy), and the control group received an additional 30 minutes of PT and OT for 3 consecutive weeks (3 d/wk) in addition to traditional rehabilitation...
February 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714323/goal-satisfaction-improves-with-individualized-powered-wheelchair-skills-training
#2
Megan K MacGillivray, Bonita J Sawatzky, William C Miller, Francois Routhier, R Lee Kirby
PURPOSE: To determine improvements in goal satisfaction following individualized mobility-related powered wheelchair skills training and whether changes in satisfaction are maintained 3 months post-training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen powered wheelchair users, from two centres, who were randomized to the training intervention from a larger multicentre study, were included in this secondary analysis. The intervention consisted of five 30-min individualized Wheelchair Skills Training Program sessions...
July 16, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713254/short-term-effects-of-thoracic-spine-manipulation-on-the-biomechanical-organisation-of-gait-initiation-a-randomized-pilot-study
#3
Sébastien Ditcharles, Eric Yiou, Arnaud Delafontaine, Alain Hamaoui
Speed performance during gait initiation is known to be dependent on the capacity of the central nervous system to generate efficient anticipatory postural adjustments (APA). According to the posturo-kinetic capacity (PKC) concept, any factor enhancing postural chain mobility and especially spine mobility, may facilitate the development of APA and thus speed performance. "Spinal Manipulative Therapy High-Velocity, Low-Amplitude" (SMT-HVLA) is a healing technique applied to the spine which is routinely used by healthcare practitioners to improve spine mobility...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711748/do-personality-traits-related-to-affect-regulation-predict-other-tobacco-product-use-among-young-adult-non-daily-smokers
#4
Kristin Brikmanis, Angela Petersen, Neal Doran
INTRODUCTION: Understanding factors that influence non-cigarette tobacco use is important given these products' prevalence and health risks. The goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that personality traits related to affect regulation would be associated with greater frequency of other tobacco product (OTP) use in a sample of young adult non-daily smokers. METHODS: Participants (n=518, 51% male) aged 18-24 were non-daily cigarette smokers recruited from the community for a longitudinal study of tobacco use...
July 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699306/strategies-for-building-a-successful-ultrasound-guided-fna-practice-in-department-of-pathology-experience-at-a-university-hospital
#5
Maoxin Wu, Kenneth R Shroyer
INTRODUCTION: Although pathology services focused on fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy of superficial palpable masses with on-site cytological evaluation are available in a wide range of clinical and academic settings, the addition of ultrasound (US) guidance into FNA practice by a cytopathologist group can be challenging. An US-FNA service provided by a cytopathologist in the department of Pathology is a relatively new practice in the field of medicine. This report summarizes our experience and strategies in achieving this objective and our successful preliminary results...
July 11, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684232/acute-effect-and-time-course-of-extension-and-internal-rotation-stretching-of-the-shoulder-on-infraspinatus-muscle-hardness
#6
Ken Kusano, Satoru Nishishita, Masatoshi Nakamura, Hiroki Tanaka, Jun Umehara, Noriaki Ichihashi
BACKGROUND: A decrease in flexibility of the infraspinatus muscle causes limitations in the range of shoulder motion. Static stretching (SS) is a useful method to improve muscle flexibility and joint mobility. Previous researchers investigated effective stretching methods for the infraspinatus. However, few researchers investigated the acute effect of SS on the infraspinatus muscle's flexibility. In addition, the minimum SS time required to increase the infraspinatus muscle's flexibility remains unclear...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661824/sexual-abuse-prevention-mobile-application-sap_mobapp-for-primary-school-children-in-korea
#7
Kyoung Ja Moon, Kyung Min Park, Yunsick Sung
This study aimed to develop and evaluate the effects of a sexual abuse prevention mobile application, SAP_MobAPP, for primary school children. Forty-five subjects were trained for 40 minutes once a week. The experimental group received education that utilized the SAP_MobAPP. Control group A received Web based sexual abuse prevention education, while control group B received textbook based sexual abuse prevention education. Effectiveness was verified through a survey on child sexual abuse recognition and avoidance skills administered before and after training...
July 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655802/benefits-and-limitations-of-text-messages-to-stimulate-higher-learning-among-community-providers-participants-views-of-an-mhealth-intervention-to-support-continuing-medical-education-in-vietnam
#8
Lora L Sabin, Anna Larson Williams, Bao Ngoc Le, Augusta R Herman, Ha Viet Nguyen, Rebecca R Albanese, Wenjun Xiong, Hezekiah Oa Shobiye, Nafisa Halim, Lien Thi Ngoc Tran, Marion McNabb, Hai Hoang, Ariel Falconer, Tam Thi Thanh Nguyen, Christopher J Gill
BACKGROUND: A randomized controlled trial was conducted in 2015 to evaluate a mobile continuing medical education (mCME) intervention that provided daily text messages to community-based physicians' assistants (CBPAs) in Thai Nguyen Province, Vietnam. Although the intervention failed to improve medical knowledge over a 6-month period, a companion qualitative study provided insights on the views and experiences of intervention participants. METHODS: We conducted focus group discussions (FGDs) and in-depth interviews (IDIs) among participants randomized to receive text messages containing either simple medical facts or quiz questions...
June 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643659/-cervical-cancer-screening-in-rural-madagascar-feasibility-coverage-and-incidence
#9
A Dumont, N Bessières, A Benbassa, G Razafindrafara, F Rabearison, H-J Philippe
OBJECTIVES: To assess the implementation of a cervical cancer screening strategy in rural Madagascar. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A mobile unit, equipped with a cold-coagulator, visited every six months the main health care centers in the Atsinanana area between 2013 and 2015. Cervical cancer screening was based on visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA). The lesions suggestive of intraepithelial neoplasia and limited to the cervix were coagulated on the same day. Non-eligible patients for immediate treatment were referred for appropriate investigations...
April 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642284/excitation-of-gabaergic-neurons-in-the-bed-nucleus-of-the-stria-terminalis-triggers-immediate-transition-from-non-rapid-eye-movement-sleep-to-wakefulness-in-mice
#10
Shota Kodani, Shingo Soya, Takeshi Sakurai
Emotionally salient situations usually trigger arousal along with autonomic and neuroendocrine reactions. To examine whether the extended amygdala plays a role in sleep/wakefulness regulation, we examined the effects of optogenetic and pharmacogenetic excitation of GABAergic neurons in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (GABA(BNST) neurons). Acute optogenetic excitation of these cells during non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep resulted in immediate state transition to wakefulness, while stimulation during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep showed no effect on sleep/wakefulness states in male mice...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639040/mobile-gastrointestinal-and-endoscopic-surgery-in-rural-ecuador-20%C3%A2-years-experience-of-cinterandes
#11
H T Shalabi, M D Price, S T Shalabi, E B Rodas, A L Vicuña, B Guzhñay, R R Price, E Rodas
INTRODUCTION: Five billion people worldwide do not have timely access to surgical care. Cinterandes is one of the only mobile surgical units in low- and middle-income countries. This paper examines the methodology that Cinterandes uses to deliver mobile surgery. METHODS: Founding and core staff were interviewed, four missions were participated in, and internal documents and records were analysed between 1 May and 1 July 2014. RESULTS: Cinterandes performed 7641 operations over the last 20 years (60% gastrointestinal/laparoscopic), travelling 300,000 km to remote areas of Ecuador...
June 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636334/interpreting-the-collision-cross-sections-of-native-like-protein-ions-insights-from-cation-to-anion-proton-transfer-reactions
#12
Kenneth J Laszlo, Matthew F Bush
The effects of charge state on structures of native-like cations of serum albumin, streptavidin, avidin, and alcohol dehydrogenase were probed using cation-to-anion proton-transfer reactions (CAPTR), ion mobility, mass spectrometry, and complementary energy-dependent experiments. The CAPTR products all have collision cross-section (Ω) values that are within 5.5% of the original precursor cations. The first CAPTR event for each precursor yields products that have smaller Ω values and frequently exhibit the greatest magnitude of change in Ω resulting from a single CAPTR event...
July 7, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630545/legal-knowledge-as-a-tool-for-social-change-la-mesa-por-la-vida-y-la-salud-de-las-mujeres-as-an-expert-on-colombian-abortion-law
#13
Ana Cristina González Vélez, Isabel Cristina Jaramillo
In May 2006, Colombia's Constitutional Court liberalized abortion, introducing three circumstances under which the procedure would not be considered a crime: (1) rape or incest; (2) a risk to the woman's health or life; and (3) fetal malformations incompatible with life. Immediately following the court's ruling, known as Sentence C-355, members of La Mesa por la Vida y Salud de las Mujeres (hereinafter La Mesa) began to mobilize to ensure the decision's implementation, bearing in mind the limited impact that the legal framework endorsed by the court has had in other countries in the region...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613154/seal-or-varnish-a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-determine-the-relative-cost-and-effectiveness-of-pit-and-fissure-sealant-and-fluoride-varnish-in-preventing-dental-decay
#14
Ivor Gordon Chestnutt, Simon Hutchings, Rebecca Playle, Sarah Morgan-Trimmer, Deborah Fitzsimmons, Nadine Aawar, Lianna Angel, Sharron Derrick, Cheney Drew, Ceri Hoddell, Kerenza Hood, Ioan Humphreys, Nigel Kirby, Tin Man Mandy Lau, Catherine Lisles, Maria Zeta Morgan, Simon Murphy, Jacqueline Nuttall, Kateryna Onishchenko, Ceri Phillips, Timothy Pickles, Charlotte Scoble, Julia Townson, Beverley Withers, Barbara Lesley Chadwick
BACKGROUND: Fissure sealant (FS) and fluoride varnish (FV) have been shown to be effective in preventing dental caries when tested against a no-treatment control. However, the relative clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of these interventions is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of FS and FV in preventing dental caries in first permanent molars (FPMs) in 6- and 7-year-olds and to determine their acceptability...
April 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602935/immediate-and-short-term-effects-of-kinesio-taping-tightness-in-mechanical-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Olga Velasco-Roldán, Inmaculada Riquelme, Alejandro Ferragut-Garcías, Alberto Marcos Heredia-Rizo, Cleofás Rodríguez-Blanco, Ángel Oliva-Pascual-Vaca
BACKGROUND: There is controversy regarding the best technique for applying Kinesio Taping (KT), and the theory supporting that skin convolutions may explain its efficacy has recently been challenged. OBJECTIVE: To compare the immediate and short-term effectiveness of KT tightness on mechanosensitivity and spinal mobility in nonspecific low back pain (LBP), and to observe the influence of gender in the outcome measures. DESIGN: Double-blind, randomized, controlled trial...
June 8, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602137/immediate-and-short-term-effects-of-phototherapy-on-pain-muscle-activity-and-joint-mobility-in-women-with-temporomandibular-disorder-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#16
Carolina Marciela Herpich, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior, Cid Andre Fidelis de Paula Gomes, Igor Phillip Dos Santos Gloria, Ana Paula Amaral, Maitê de Freitas de Rocha Souza Amaral, Fabiano Politti, Daniela Aparecida Biasotto-Gonzalez
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the immediate and short-term effects of phototherapy on pain intensity, the pressure pain threshold (PPT), maximum vertical mandibular movement, and the electrical activity of the masseter and temporal muscles in women with temporomandibular disorder (TMD). METHODS: Sixty women were randomly allocated to four different groups and submitted to phototherapy with a combination of super-pulsed laser (905 nm), red (640 nm), and infrared (875 nm) light emitting diodes in the same equipment on the masseter (three points) and temporal (two points) muscles bilaterally in a single session...
June 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593083/dynamic-oscillatory-stretching-efficacy-on-hamstring-extensibility-and-stretch-tolerance-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Arie Michaeli, Jason Cameron Tee, Aimee Stewart
BACKGROUND: While static stretch (SS), proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) and oscillatory physiological mobilization techniques are documented to have positive effects on a range of motion (ROM), there are no reports on the effect of dynamic oscillatory stretching (DOS), a technique that combines these three techniques, on hamstring extensibility. PURPOSE: To determine whether DOS improves hamstring extensibility and stretch tolerance to a greater degree than SS in asymptomatic young participants...
June 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592935/surgery-on-burns-sequelae-in-developing-countries
#18
O El Ezzi, M Dolci, C Dufour, R Bossou, A de Buys Roessingh
The purpose of this study is to analyze the effectiveness of surgery and follow-up of children operated on for burn sequelae. For many years, we have organized two missions per year to Benin and Togo, one for surgery and one for follow-up. We analyzed the files of children born in Africa and victims of burns from the years 2002 to 2011. Children were referred through a non-governmental organization (NGO) and assessed in Africa by local paediatricians before and after surgery. Treatment consisted in operating on burn sequelae such as contractures, hypertrophic scars and hard cords...
March 31, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591543/influence-of-polyphenol-rich-diet-on-exercise-induced-immunomodulation-in-male-endurance-athletes
#19
Korbinian Lackermair, Johannes Scherr, Georg Waidhauser, Heiko Methe, Eva Hoster, David C Nieman, Alan Hanley, Sebastian Clauss, Martin Halle, Thomas Nickel
<u>Introduction:</u> Stress is associated with increased susceptibility to infection. We investigated if the mechanism involves immunomodulation of dendritic cells and whether this can be inhibited by a polyphenol-rich diet. <u>Methods:</u> Blood samples were taken from a total of 100 male endurance athletes at five time points around a marathon run: four weeks before, during one week before, and immediately, 24hours and 72hours after. Participants were randomized into two double blinded groups...
June 7, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582245/designing-a-mobile-health-app-for-patients-with-dysphagia-following-head-and-neck-cancer-a-qualitative-study
#20
Gabriela Constantinescu, Irene Loewen, Ben King, Chris Brodt, William Hodgetts, Jana Rieger
BACKGROUND: Adherence to swallowing rehabilitation exercises is important to develop and maintain functional improvement, yet more than half of head and neck cancer (HNC) patients report having difficulty adhering to prescribed regimens. Health apps with game elements have been used in other health domains to motivate and engage patients. Understanding the factors that impact adherence may allow for more effective gamified solutions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to (1) identify self-reported factors that influence adherence to conventional home therapy without a mobile device in HNC patients and (2) identify appealing biofeedback designs that could be used in a health app...
March 24, 2017: JMIR Rehabil Assist Technol
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