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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457418/-outcomes-and-complications-of-tightrope-button-plate-for-repairing-acromioclavicular-dislocation
#1
Yong-Xiang Zuo, Zi-Ping Ma
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical outcome and complications of Tightrope button plate for repairing acromioclavicular dislocation of Rockwood type III to V. METHODS: From May 2014 to December 2016, 17 patients with acromioclavicular dislocation of type III-V were treated with Tightrope button plate including 10 males and 7 females with an average age 39.8 years old ranging from 20 to 68 years old. Four patients were treated with arthroscopy and 17 patients were treated with mini-invasive by X-ray assisted...
October 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455743/patience-moderates-the-class-cleavage-in-demand-for-redistribution
#2
Austin Horng-En Wang
Previous studies on class voting have yielded mixed results linking income and demand for redistribution. Why do some poor people oppose redistribution, while some rich people support it? This article argues that an individual's level of patience, an important personal characteristic that influences how people calculate immediate and distinct outcomes, may moderate the effect of class on redistributive preference. In a one-shot game, redistribution between the rich and the poor is zero sum. When people extend their time horizons, however, the poor see the possibility of upward mobility, while the rich emphasize future losses, such as unemployment and economic instability...
February 2018: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449768/grade-iv-inferior-glenohumeral-mobilization-does-not-immediately-alter-shoulder-and-scapular-muscle-activity-a-repeated-measures-study-in-asymptomatic-individuals
#3
Daniel Cury Ribeiro, Ashleigh Day, Clark R Dickerson
Objectives: To assess: (1) the presence of any carry-over effect between interventions; (2) the immediate effects of inferior shoulder mobilization on shoulder and scapular muscle activity; and (3) to compare muscle activity response between the control and mobilization conditions. Repeated measures, cross-over, pre-post intervention study with sample of convenience. Methods: Twenty-two asymptomatic individuals performed 10 repetitions of shoulder abduction before and after the control and mobilization, with a dosage of three sets of 30-s duration, with grade-IV...
December 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449767/novel-treatment-of-lateral-ankle-sprains-using-the-mulligan-concept-an-exploratory-case-series-analysis
#4
Robinetta Hudson, Russell T Baker, James May, Don Reordan, Alan Nasypany
Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of the Mulligan Concept (MC) Mobilization with movement (MWM) in the treatment of clinically diagnosed acute lateral ankle sprains in competitive athletes. Methods: A prospective case series of 5 adolescent patients, ages ranging from 14 to 18 years (mean = 15.8 ± 1.64), that suffered an acute lateral ankle sprain (LAS). Patients were treated with the MC lateral ankle MWM. Mobilization was directed at the distal fibula or, using a modified MWM, 2-3 inches proximal to the distal fibula...
December 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448133/exposure-to-the-rock-inhibitor-fasudil-promotes-gliogenesis-of-neural-stem-cells-in-vitro
#5
Zubair Ahmed Nizamudeen, Lisa Chakrabarti, Virginie Sottile
Fasudil is a clinically approved Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK) inhibitor that has been used widely to treat cerebral consequences of subarachnoid hemorrhage. It is known to have a positive effect on animal models of neurological disorders including Parkinson's disease and stroke. However, its cellular effect on progenitor populations and differentiation is not clearly understood. While recent studies suggest that fasudil promotes the mobilization of neural stem cells (NSCs) from the subventricular zone in vivo and promotes the differentiation of the C17...
February 6, 2018: Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437489/controller-adherence-following-hospital-discharge-in-high-risk-children-a-pilot-randomized-trial-of-text-message-reminders
#6
Chén C Kenyon, Siobhan M Gruschow, William O Quarshie, Heather Griffis, Michelle C Leach, Joseph J Zorc, Tyra C Bryant-Stephens, Victoria A Miller, Chris Feudtner
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of a mobile health, inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) adherence reminder intervention and to characterize adherence trajectories immediately following severe asthma exacerbation in high-risk urban children with persistent asthma. METHODS: Children aged 2-13 with persistent asthma were enrolled in this pilot randomized controlled trial during an asthma emergency department (ED) visit or hospitalization. Intervention arm participants received daily text message reminders for 30 days, and both arms received electronic sensors to measure ICS use...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436740/multitarget-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-for-freezing-of-gait-in-parkinson-s-disease
#7
Moria Dagan, Talia Herman, Rachel Harrison, Junhong Zhou, Nir Giladi, Giulio Ruffini, Brad Manor, Jeffrey M Hausdorff
BACKGROUND: Recent findings suggest that transcranial direct current stimulation of the primary motor cortex may ameliorate freezing of gait. However, the effects of multitarget simultaneous stimulation of motor and cognitive networks are mostly unknown. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of multitarget transcranial direct current stimulation of the primary motor cortex and left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex on freezing of gait and related outcomes. METHODS: Twenty patients with Parkinson's disease and freezing of gait received 20 minutes of transcranial direct current stimulation on 3 separate visits...
February 13, 2018: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428926/immediate-changes-after-manual-therapy-in-patients-with-persistent-nonspecific-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Gemma Victoria Espí-López, Maria-Arantzazu Ruescas-Nicolau, M Luz Sanchez-Sanchez, Anna Arnal-Gómez, Mercè Balasch-Bernat, Elena Marques-Sule
Context • Thoracic manipulation decreases pain and disability. However, when such manipulation is contraindicated, the use of other manual techniques based on the regional interdependence of the thoracic spine, upper ribs, and shoulders is an alternative approach. Objective • The study intended to investigate the immediate changes resulting from 3 manual therapy treatments on spinal mobility, flexibility, comfort, and pain perception in patients with persistent, nonspecific back pain as well as changes in their sense of physical well-being and their perception of change after treatment...
February 10, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426653/postoperative-symptom-distress-of-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-ambulatory-surgery-patients
#9
Jan Odom-Forren, Deborah B Reed, Carrell Rush
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to (1) identify symptoms that cause postoperative distress in ambulatory surgery patients; (2) identify symptom management techniques that effectively reduce distress of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) postoperative symptoms at home after ambulatory surgery; and (3) identify facilitators and barriers to self-management of postoperative symptoms. DESIGN: A qualitative descriptive study. METHODS: Two focus groups of ambulatory surgery patients who had experienced a laparoscopic cholecystectomy procedure and their caregivers were queried to elicit understanding of postoperative symptoms and symptom management techniques...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411487/technique-postoperative-complications-and-visual-outcomes-of-phacoemulsification-cataract-surgery-in-21-penguins-27-eyes-2011-2015
#10
Melanie L Church, Daniel R Priehs, Heidi Denis, Lara Croft, Stacy DiRocco, Michelle Davis
OBJECTIVE: To describe surgical technique, postoperative complications, and visual outcome in penguins after phacoemulsification lens extraction surgery. ANIMALS STUDIED: Twenty-one penguins (27 eyes) that had phacoemulsification from 2011 to 2015 at Animal Eye Associates. Species included are as follows: 14 southern Rockhopper (18 eyes, 66.6%), 4 Gentoo (4 eyes, 19%), 2 King (3 eyes, 9.5%), and 1 Chinstrap penguin (2 eyes, 4.8%). Eleven of the penguins were females, and 10 were males with average age at the time of surgery being 27...
February 6, 2018: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400025/strengthening-implant-provision-and-acceptance-in-south-africa-with-the-%C3%A2-any-woman-any-place-any-time%C3%A2-approach-an-essential-step-towards-reducing-unintended-pregnancies
#11
H Rees, D Pillay, S Mullick, M Chersich
Progress in reducing unintended pregnancies in South Africa is slow. The implant, introduced in 2014, expanded the range of available longacting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) and held much promise. Uptake, however, has declined precipitously, in spite of its ‘unmatched effectiveness’ and high levels of satisfaction for most users. We propose policy and provider interventions to raise implant use, underscored by a ‘LARC-first’ approach. Contraceptive counselling should focus on the particular benefits of LARCs and methods be presented in order of effectiveness...
November 1, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397357/using-technological-advances-to-improve-surgery-curriculum-experience-with-a-mobile-application
#12
Courtney A Green, Edward H Kim, Patricia S O'Sullivan, Hueylan Chern
OBJECTIVE: Our previous home-video basic surgical skills curriculum required substantial faculty time and resources, and was limited by delayed feedback and technical difficulties. Consequently, we integrated that curriculum with a mobile application platform. Our purpose is to describe this application and learner satisfaction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The mobile platform incorporates a patented pedagogical design based on Ericsson's deliberate practice and Bandura's social learning theory...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393453/synthetic-e-selectin-prevents-postoperative-vascular-restenosis-by-inhibiting-nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-in-rats
#13
Jiangang Liu, Zhongjie Liu, Xiaohui Hu, Yuan Zhang, Shiming Zhang
During the development of postoperative vascular restenosis, the aberrant proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) is a critical event resulting in intimal hyperplasia. Inflammatory responses involving the activation of nuclear factor (NF)‑κB are among the major molecular processes underlying restenosis. The present study aimed to investigate the roles of NF‑κB in VSMC proliferation and restenosis following vascular anastomosis, as well as to evaluate the potential of synthetic E‑selectin to downregulate NF‑κB and thus inhibit vascular hyperplasia...
February 1, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387266/efficacy-of-a-mindfulness-based-mobile-application-a-randomized-waiting-list-controlled-trial
#14
Arnold A P van Emmerik, Fieke Berings, Jaap Lancee
Although several hundreds of apps are available that (cl)aim to promote mindfulness, only a few methodologically sound studies have evaluated the efficacy of these apps. This randomized waiting-list controlled trial therefore tested the hypothesis that one such app (the VGZ Mindfulness Coach) can achieve immediate and long-term improvements of mindfulness, quality of life, general psychiatric symptoms, and self-actualization. One hundred ninety-one experimental participants received the VGZ Mindfulness Coach, which offers 40 mindfulness exercises and background information about mindfulness without any form of therapeutic guidance...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378023/the-bidirectional-relationship-between-depressive-symptoms-and-homebound-status-among-older-adults
#15
Xiaoling Xiang, Ruopeng An, Hyunsung Oh
Objectives: This study aimed to examine the bidirectional relationship between depressive symptoms and homebound status among older adults. Method: The study sample included 7,603 community-dwelling older adults from the National Health and Aging Trends Study. A bivariate latent state-trait model of depressive symptoms and homebound status was estimated via structural equation modeling. Results: The model fit the data well (Root Mean Square Error of Approximation = ...
January 25, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373060/comparison-of-compressive-myofascial-release-and-the-graston-technique-for-improving-ankle-dorsiflexion-range-of-motion
#16
Justin Stanek, Taylor Sullivan, Samantha Davis
CONTEXT: Restricted dorsiflexion (DF) at the ankle joint can cause acute and chronic injuries at the ankle and knee. Myofascial release and instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM) techniques have been used to increase range of motion (ROM); however, evidence directly comparing their effectiveness is limited. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of a single session of compressive myofascial release (CMR) or IASTM using the Graston Technique (GT) on closed chain ankle-DF ROM...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366330/practical-implementation-of-failure-mode-and-effects-analysis-for-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-activation
#17
Faria Nasim, Joseph T Poterucha, Lisa M Daniels, John G Park, Troy G Seelhammer, John K Bohman, Tammy P Friedrich, Caitlin L Blau, Jennifer L Elmer, Gregory J Schears
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is used to treat severe hypoxemic respiratory failure and as a rescue therapy for patients with cardiopulmonary arrest within a narrow window of time. A failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) was conducted to analyze the clinical and operational processes leading to delays in initiating ECMO. FMEA determined these highest-risk failure modes that were contributing to process failure: (1) ECMO candidacy not determined in time, (2) no or incomplete evaluation for ECMO prior to consult or arrest, (3) ECMO team not immediately available, and (4) cannulation not completed in time...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364749/effect-of-mobilization-with-movement-on-lateral-knee-pain-due-to-proximal-tibiofibular-joint-hypomobility
#18
Sudarshan Anandkumar, Jack Miller, Robert J Werstine, Steve Young
This case report describes a 45-year-old female who presented with lateral knee pain over the right proximal tibiofibular joint (PTFJ) managed unsuccessfully with rest, medications, bracing, injection, and physiotherapy. Clinical diagnosis of PTFJ hypomobility was based on concordant symptom reproduction with palpatory tenderness, accessory motion testing, and restricted anterior glide of the fibula. Intervention consisted of Mulligan's mobilization with movement and taping over the right PTFJ with immediate improvements noticed in pain, range of motion, and function...
January 24, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364036/six-sessions-of-anterior-to-posterior-ankle-joint-mobilizations-improve-patient-reported-outcomes-in-chronic-ankle-instability-patients-a-critically-appraised-topic
#19
Erik A Wikstrom, Sajad Bagherian, Nicole B Cordero, Kyeongtak Song
Clinical Scenario: Chronic ankle instability (CAI) is a complex musculoskeletal condition that results in sensorimotor and mechanical alterations. Manual therapies, such as ankle joint mobilizations are known to improve clinician-oriented outcomes like dorsiflexion range of motion but their impact of patient-reported outcomes remains less clear. Focused Clinical Question: Do anterior-to-posterior ankle joint mobilizations improve patient reported outcomes in patients with CAI? Summary of Key Findings: Three studies (2 RCT, 1 Prospective cohort) quantified the effect of at least 2-weeks of anterior-to-posterior ankle joint mobilizations on improving patient reported outcomes immediately after the intervention and at a follow-up assessment...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362208/youth-codesign-of-a-mobile-phone-app-to-facilitate-self-monitoring-and-management-of-mood-symptoms-in-young-people-with-major-depression-suicidal-ideation-and-self-harm
#20
Sarah Elisabeth Hetrick, Jo Robinson, Eloise Burge, Ryan Blandon, Bianca Mobilio, Simon M Rice, Magenta B Simmons, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez, Simon Goodrich, Christopher G Davey
BACKGROUND: Effective treatment of depression in young people is critical, given its prevalence, impacts, and link to suicide. Clinical practice guidelines point to the need for regular monitoring of depression symptom severity and the emergence of suicidal ideation to track treatment progress and guide intervention delivery. Yet, this is seldom integrated in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to address the gap between guidelines about monitoring and real-world practice by codesigning an app with young people that allows for self-monitoring of mood and communication of this monitoring with a clinician...
January 23, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
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