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Immediate effect mobilization

Fabio Mosca, Manuela Madeddu, Ahmad Abdel Sayed, Luisa Zaniboni, Nicolaia Iaffaldano, Silvia Cerolini
The aim of this study was to assess the combined effect of dimethylacetamide (DMA) and two non-permeating cryoprotective agents, trehalose and sucrose, on the quality of post-thaw chicken semen. Adult Lohmann roosters (n = 27) were used. Semen was processed according to the following treatments: Lake pre-freezing extender +6% DMA (LPF, control treatment), LPF + 0.1 M trehalose (LPF-T treatment), LPF + 0.1 M sucrose (LPF-S treatment) and LPF + 0.1 M trehalose + 0.1 M sucrose (LPF-TS treatment)...
October 4, 2016: Cryobiology
Danilovich Margaret
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To test the effects of Strong for Life (SFL) on the physical performance and self-rated health of older adults receiving Home and Community-Based Services (HCBS). DESIGN: Randomized, two-group trial with pre-post measures. SETTING: In-home exercise program. PARTICIPANTS: Clients aged 65-95 (n=42) and their Home Care Aide (HCA) (n=32) were randomly assigned to a usual care and SFL intervention or usual care control group...
2016: Aging Soc
Thomas Péron, Raphaëlle Plassat
OBJECTIVE: The "Centre médical & pédagogique (CM&P) de Rennes-Beaulieu" prepares adolescents for surgical treatment of their idiopathic scoliosis (IS). This surgery has respiratory short-term consequences to the forefront of immediate complications. Two years after the surgery, the ventilatory status is correlated to preoperative pulmonary function. The objective of the present work is to evaluate the effects of our preparation program. MATERIALS/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eight teenagers followed our at home preparation program, including aerobic training, inspiratory muscle training and chest mobilizations during 2 months...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Cameron J Powden, Kathleen K Hogan, Erik A Wikstrom, Matthew C Hoch
CONTEXT: Talocrural joint mobilizations are commonly used to address deficits associated with chronic ankle instability (CAI). OBJECTIVE: Examine the immediate effects of talocrural joint traction in those with CAI. DESIGN: Blinded, crossover. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty adults (14 females; age=23.80±4.02years; height=169.55±12.38cm; weight=78.34±16.32kg) with self-reported CAI participated...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
N Nante, G Messina, L Lispi, A Serafini, G Prisco, F Moirano
BACKGROUND: The study of patients' mobility is useful for health planning and identifying deficiencies in care supply. The Italian Health Service, with 21 different regional realities, can be considered as a macrocosmic test bench. Our study aims: (1) to describe the trend of patients' hospital mobility across the Italian Regions; (2) to offer an immediate visual approach for decision making; (3) to identify some factors involved in patient's mobility. STUDY DESIGN: Observational cross sectional study...
September 2016: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
Rachel E Patzer, Mohua Basu, Sumit Mohan, Kayla D Smith, Michael Wolf, Daniela Ladner, John J Friedewald, Mariana Chiles, Allison Russell, Laura McPherson, Jennifer Gander, Stephen Pastan
Kidney transplantation is the preferred treatment for patients with end-stage renal disease, as it substantially increases a patient's survival and is cost saving compared to a lifetime of dialysis. However, transplantation is not universally chosen by patients with renal failure, and limited knowledge about the survival benefit of transplantation vs. dialysis may play a role. We created a mobile application clinical decision aid called iChoose Kidney to improve access to individualized prognosis information comparing dialysis and transplantation outcomes...
May 2016: KI Rep
Gustavo Plaza-Manzano, Marta Vergara-Vila, Sandra Val-Otero, Cristina Rivera-Prieto, Daniel Pecos-Martin, Tomás Gallego-Izquierdo, Alejandro Ferragut-Garcías, Natalia Romero-Franco
BACKGROUND: Recurrent ankle sprains often involve residual symptoms for which subjects often perform proprioceptive or/and strengthening exercises. However, the effectiveness of mobilization to influence important nerve structures due to its anatomical distribution like tibial and peroneal nerves is unclear. OBJETIVES: To analyze the effects of proprioceptive/strengthening exercises versus the same exercises and manual therapy including mobilizations to influence joint and nerve structures in the management of recurrent ankle sprains...
August 29, 2016: Manual Therapy
Ali Genç, Murat Imre Usseli, M Necmettin Pamir
Rarely, spinal gunshot injuries result in migrating intraspinal bullets. Use of MRI is controversial and other radiographic imaging might mimic an extradural bullet, even though it is intradural and migratory. Here, we present a case of spinal missile injury resulting in an intraoperatively mobile intradural bullet. The challenges faced during diagnosis and surgical removal are described. We also show that intraoperative ultrasonography may be useful in clarifying whether the bullet is intradural. A 32-year-old male presented with weakness and paraesthesia in his right leg following an accidental gunshot injury to his spine...
2016: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
Jing Zhou, Zhu Huang, Ning Lin, Weihui Liu, Guan Yang, Dongye Wu, Heda Xiao, Hongyu Sun, Lijun Tang
Our previous study showed that abdominal paracentesis drainage (APD) benefits patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) by delaying or avoiding multiple organ failure. However, the role of APD treatment in SAP-associated lung injury (PALI) remains unclear. Therefore, we investigated the impact of APD on PALI in rats to explore the mechanisms underlying its potential treatment benefits. A drainage tube was inserted into the right lower quadrant of rats immediately after SAP induction via the retrograde infusion of 5% sodium taurocholate into the biliopancreatic duct...
August 29, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Rajni Aggarwal, Prashant Babaji, S Senthil Nathan, George Attokaran, S M Santosh Kumar, Sharanpriya Sathnoorkar
AIM: The present study aims to compare the peri-implant bone status around immediately loaded dental implants treated with aminobisphosphonate solution and untreated control implants in terms of clinical and radiographical parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 24 patients were randomly divided equally into two groups. This study was conducted in accordance to the Helsinki's declaration of 1975, revised in 2000, and with the approval of the institutional ethical committee...
July 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Mohamed Amine Karabila, Ismail Hmouri, Younes Mhamdi, Mohamed Azouz, Tarik Madani, Mohamed Kharmaz, Mohamed Ouadaghiri, Moulay Omar Lamrani, Ahmed Bardouni, Abdou Lahlou, Mustapha Mahfoud, Mohamed Saleh Berrada, Éric Montbarbon, Emmanuel Beaudouin
The fracture of the upper end of the humerus is the third most frequent fracture in the elderly and its distribution is bimodal, preferentially affecting osteoporotic elderly patients after low energy trauma or, more rarely, young subjects as a consequence of severe kinetic mechanism The treatment of complex fractures of the proximal humerus is the subject of much controversy. Telegraph nail is a highly effective therapeutic approach for displaced fractures of the upper end of the humerus. Surgical procedure is easy but with a learning curve; it allows to start rehabilitation protocol immediately after surgery...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Pietro Gentile, Barbara De Angelis, Annarita Agovino, Fabrizio Orlandi, Alessandra Migner, Camilla Di Pasquali, Valerio Cervelli
BACKGROUND: The platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and hyaluronic acid (HA) constitute a system of tissue growth that can regenerate damaged tissue. This study was performed to evaluate the effect of PRP and HA in treatment of complications of Achilles tendon reconstruction. METHODS: We selected ten patients affected by Achilles tendon injuries resulting from post-surgical complications subsequent to tenorrhaphy and have treated them with autologous PRP in combination with HA to evaluate the improvement of lesions with wound closure...
May 2016: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
Michael Costello, Emilio 'Louie' J Puentedura, Josh Cleland, Charles D Ciccone
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the immediate effects of soft tissue mobilization (STM) versus therapeutic ultrasound (US) in patients with neck and arm pain who demonstrate neural mechanical sensitivity. BACKGROUND: While experts have suggested that individuals with neck and arm pain associated with neural tissue mechanical sensitivity may benefit from STM, there has been little research to investigate this hypothesis...
July 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Duncan C McCaig, Lydia A Hawkins, Peter J Rogers
An acute bout of exercise, compared with no exercise, appears to have little influence on subsequent energy intake (EI), resulting in short-term negative energy balance. Whereas the labelling of food is evidenced to influence EI, little research has focused on how EI is affected by framing acute exercise in different ways. To explore this, 70 healthy, mostly lean, male and female participants in the current study completed a set amount of exercise (estimated energy expenditure (EE) 120 kcal), but were informed on three occasions before and after the exercise that they had expended either 50 kcal or 265 kcal...
August 20, 2016: Appetite
Shannon A McMahon, Caitlin E Kennedy, Peter J Winch, Miriam Kombe, Japhet Killewo, Charles Kilewo
Millions of children are living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa, and the primary mode of these childhood infections is mother-to-child transmission. While existing interventions can virtually eliminate such transmission, in low- and middle-income settings, only 63 % of pregnant women living with HIV accessed medicines necessary to prevent transmission. In Tanzania, HIV prevalence among pregnant women is 3.2 %. Understanding why HIV-positive women disengage from care during and after pregnancy can inform efforts to reduce the impact of HIV on mothers and young children...
August 17, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
Zachary Lister, Katey J Rayner, Erik J Suuronen
The healthy heart comprises many different cell types that work together to preserve optimal function. However, in a diseased heart the function of one or more cell types is compromised which can lead to many adverse events, one of which is myocardial infarction (MI). Immediately after MI, the cardiac environment is characterized by excessive cardiomyocyte death and inflammatory signals leading to the recruitment of macrophages to clear the debris. Proliferating fibroblasts then invade, and a collagenous scar is formed to prevent rupture...
2016: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
Eugenia H C Woo, Peter White, Christopher W K Lai
INTRODUCTION: Despite the increasingly widespread popularity of electronic devices, there are limited comprehensive studies on the effects of usage and exposure to multiple electronic devices over extended periods of time. Therefore, this study explored the cumulative musculoskeletal implications of exposure to various electronic devices among university students. METHODS: A self-reported questionnaire was administered in the university in Hong Kong and students provided information about the frequency and duration of electronic devices use, including computers, mobile phones and game consoles, and reported on any musculoskeletal pain or discomfort that may relate to electronic devices usage in the immediate 12 months prior to the survey date...
July 21, 2016: Manual Therapy
Taishi Yamauchi, Satoshi Hasegawa, Masatoshi Nakamura, Satoru Nishishita, Ko Yanase, Kosuke Fujita, Jun Umehara, Xiang Ji, Satoko Ibuki, Noriaki Ichihashi
BACKGROUND: The cross-body stretch and sleeper stretch are widely used for improving flexibility of the posterior shoulder. These stretching methods were modified by Wilk. However, few quantitative data are available on the new, modified stretching methods. A recent study reported the immediate effects of stretching and soft tissue mobilization on the shoulder range of motion (ROM) and muscle stiffness in subjects with posterior shoulder tightness. However, the long-term effect of stretching for muscle stiffness is unknown...
September 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Drew Scoles, Yusufu N Sulai, Robert F Cooper, Brian P Higgins, Ryan D Johnson, Joseph Carroll, Alfredo Dubra, Kimberly E Stepien
PURPOSE: To characterize outer retina structure in best vitelliform macular dystrophy (BVMD) and to determine the effect of macular lesions on overlying and adjacent photoreceptors. METHODS: Five individuals with BVMD were followed prospectively with spectral domain optical coherence tomography and confocal and nonconfocal split-detector adaptive optics scanning light ophthalmoscopy (AOSLO). The AOSLO cone photoreceptor mosaic images were obtained within and around retinal lesions...
October 3, 2016: Retina
Alexandra Hiscox, Tobias Homan, Collins K Mweresa, Nicolas Maire, Aurelio Di Pasquale, Daniel Masiga, Prisca A Oria, Jane Alaii, Cees Leeuwis, Wolfgang R Mukabana, Willem Takken, Thomas A Smith
BACKGROUND: Increasing levels of insecticide resistance as well as outdoor, residual transmission of malaria threaten the efficacy of existing vector control tools used against malaria mosquitoes. The development of odour-baited mosquito traps has led to the possibility of controlling malaria through mass trapping of malaria vectors. Through daily removal trapping against a background of continued bed net use it is anticipated that vector populations could be suppressed to a level where continued transmission of malaria will no longer be possible...
2016: Trials
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