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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912936/effects-of-mind-body-exercises-on-the-physiological-and-psychosocial-well-being-of-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
JoJo Yan Yan Kwok, Kai Chow Choi, Helen Yue Lai Chan
OBJECTIVES: The effects of mind-body exercises on individuals with chronic illnesses have attracted increasing attention. However, little effort had been made to systematically review the effects of these mind-body exercises on individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). This review aimed to appraise the current evidence of the effects of mind-body exercises on the physiological and psychological outcomes for the PD population. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911127/immediate-and-lasting-effects-of-a-thoracic-spine-manipulation-in-a-patient-with-signs-of-cervical-radiculopathy-and-upper-extremity-hyperalgesia-a-case-report
#2
Beth K Deschenes, Jason Zafereo
Patients with cervical radiculopathy (CR) may present with accompanying symptoms of hyperalgesia, allodynia, heaviness in the arm, and non-segmental pain that do not appear to be related to a peripheral spinal nerve. These findings may suggest the presence of central or autonomic nervous system involvement, requiring a modified management approach. The purpose of this case report is to describe the treatment of a patient with signs of CR and upper extremity (UE) hyperalgesia who had a significant decrease in her UE pain and hypersensitivity after a single thoracic spine manipulation (TSM)...
December 2, 2016: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908492/fragility-fractures-of-the-ankle-in-the-elderly-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-versus-tibio-talo-calcaneal-nailing-short-term-results-of-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#3
D Georgiannos, V Lampridis, I Bisbinas
INTRODUCTION: The management of ankle fractures in the elderly remains unpredictable, secondary to their various co-morbidities. Although tibiotalocalcaneal (TTC) nailing has been an effective option for ankle arthrodesis due to ankle arthritis or Charcot arthropathy there are few reports regarding the use of TTC nail for the treatment of ankle fractures. PURPOSE: Aim of this study was to compare the results of ORIF versus TTC nailing for the treatment of unstable ankle fractures in the elderly...
November 17, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888776/bioavailable-phosphorus-p-reduction-is-less-than-mobile-p-immobilization-in-lake-sediment-for-eutrophication-control-by-inactivating-agents
#4
Changhui Wang, Rui He, Yu Wu, Miquel Lürling, Haiyuan Cai, He-Long Jiang, Xin Liu
Phosphorus (P) immobilization by inactivating agents in the sediment of eutrophic lakes to reduce immediately available P in lake water is often crucial for mitigating nuisance eutrophication symptoms, such as cyanobacterial blooms. Macrophytes and phytoplankton, however, can directly utilize P from the sediment for growth. Accordingly, a comprehensive analysis of the P bioavailability in lake sediment amended with two promising P-inactivation agents, namely Phoslock(®) and drinking water treatment residue (DWTR), was investigated in both short- and long-term studies (20 and 180 d)...
November 16, 2016: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885575/administration-of-huperzia-quadrifariata-extract-a-cholinesterase-inhibitory-alkaloid-mixture-has-neuroprotective-effects-in-a-rat-model-of-cerebral-hypoxia-ischemia
#5
F K Odorcyk, E F Sanches, F C Nicola, J Moraes, L F Pettenuzzo, J Kolling, C Siebert, A Longoni, E L Konrath, A Wyse, C A Netto
Neonatal hypoxia-ischemia (HI) is an etiologic component of several neurologic pathologies associated to cognitive impairment. The mechanisms involved in HI-induced tissue damage start immediately after HI and extend for days. Acetylcholine is an important neurotransmitter in the central nervous system and exerts a protector effect on tissue damage by modulating inflammation, and cholinesterase inhibitors have shown neuroprotective properties and their action are often attributed to inhibition of the immune response...
November 24, 2016: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882659/interventions-for-women-who-have-a-caesarean-birth-to-increase-uptake-and-duration-of-breastfeeding-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Sarah Beake, Debra Bick, Cath Narracott, Yan-Shing Chang
Rates of breastfeeding uptake are lower after a caesarean birth than vaginal birth, despite caesarean rates increasing globally over the past 30 years, and many high-income countries reporting overall caesarean rates of above 25%. A number of factors are likely to be associated with women's infant feeding decisions following a caesarean birth such as limited postoperative mobility, postoperative pain, and ongoing management of medical complications that may have triggered the need for a caesarean birth. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate evidence of interventions on the initiation and duration of any and exclusive breastfeeding among women who had a planned or unplanned caesarean birth...
November 24, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881152/fitness-and-mobility-training-in-patients-with-intensive-care-unit-acquired-muscle-weakness-fitonicu-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Jan Mehrholz, Simone Thomas, Jane H Burridge, André Schmidt, Bettina Scheffler, Ralph Schellin, Stefan Rückriem, Daniel Meißner, Katja Mehrholz, Wolfgang Sauter, Ulf Bodechtel, Bernhard Elsner
BACKGROUND: Critical illness myopathy (CIM) and polyneuropathy (CIP) are a common complication of critical illness. Both cause intensive-care-unit-acquired (ICU-acquired) muscle weakness (ICUAW) which increases morbidity and delays rehabilitation and recovery of activities of daily living such as walking ability. Focused physical rehabilitation of people with ICUAW is, therefore, of great importance at both an individual and a societal level. A recent systematic Cochrane review found no randomised controlled trials (RCT), and thus no supporting evidence, for physical rehabilitation interventions for people with defined CIP and CIM to improve activities of daily living...
November 24, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880826/social-monitoring-matters-for-deterring-social-deviance-in-stable-but-not-mobile-socio-ecological-contexts
#8
Jenny C Su, Chi-Yue Chiu, Wei-Fang Lin, Shigehiro Oishi
Previous research suggests that reputational concerns can incentivize cooperation and deter socially deviant behavior. The current research showed that social monitoring of information that has the potential to damage one's reputation has differential effects on deviant behavior in social-ecological environments that vary in level of mobility. Study 1 showed that residentially stable cities that employed more journalists-who can be regarded as social monitoring agents in a community-tended to have lower rates of violent crime than residentially stable cities that employed fewer journalists; by contrast, in residentially mobile cities, violent crime rates did not vary as a function of the number of journalists employed...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873175/mobilization-of-human-immature-hematopoietic-progenitors-through-combinatory-use-of-bortezomib-and-immunomodulatory-drugs
#9
Taro Tochigi, Takatoshi Aoki, Yoshikane Kikushige, Tomohiko Kamimura, Yoshikiyo Ito, Takahiro Shima, Takuji Yamauchi, Yasuo Mori, Goichi Yoshimoto, Kenjiro Kamezaki, Koji Kato, Katsuto Takenaka, Hiromi Iwasaki, Koichi Akashi, Toshihiro Miyamoto
Combination use of the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib and the immunomodulatory drugs lenalidomide or thalidomide has provided superior outcomes in multiple myeloma over their single use; however, these combinations can produce significant toxicities. Unexpectedly, we found a small but significant increase in the population of immature granulocytes and erythrocytes/megakaryocytes in peripheral blood in 16 of 22 patients (73%) treated with dexamethasone in combination with bortezomib and immunomodulatory drugs (triplet), but not in any of 25 patients treated with either bortezomib or immunomodulatory drugs with dexamethasone (doublet)...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871220/quiet-eye-training-aids-the-long-term-learning-of-throwing-and-catching-in-children-preliminary-evidence-for-a-predictive-control-strategy
#10
C A L Miles, G Wood, S J Vine, J N Vickers, M R Wilson
Quiet eye training (QET) may be a more effective method for teaching children to catch than traditional training (TT) methods, but it is unclear if the benefits accrued persist in the long term. Thirty children were randomly allocated into a QET or TT group and, while wearing a mobile eye tracker, underwent baseline testing, training and two retention tests over a period of eight weeks, using a validated throw and catch task. During training, movement-related information was provided to both groups, while the QET group received additional instruction to increase the duration of their targeting fixation (QE1) on the wall prior to the throw, and pursuit tracking (QE2) period on the ball prior to catching...
February 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867043/acute-social-stress-induced-immunomodulation-in-pigs-high-and-low-responders-to-acth
#11
Elodie Bacou, Karine Haurogné, Grégoire Mignot, Marie Allard, Laurence De Beaurepaire, Jordan Marchand, Elena Terenina, Yvon Billon, Julien Jacques, Jean-Marie Bach, Pierre Mormède, Julie Hervé, Blandine Lieubeau
Pig husbandry is known as an intensive breeding system, piglets being submitted to multiple stressful events such as early weaning, successive mixing, crowding and shipping. These stressors are thought to impair immune defences and might contribute, at least partly, to the prophylactic use of antibiotics. Robustness was recently defined as the ability of an individual to express a high-production potential in a wide variety of environmental conditions. Increasing robustness thus appears as a valuable option to improve resilience to stressors and could be obtained by selecting piglets upon their adrenocortical activity...
November 17, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861656/enhancement-of-orthodontic-anchor-screw-stability-under-immediate-loading-by-ultraviolet-photofunctionalization-technology
#12
Maiko Takahashi, Mitsuru Motoyoshi, Mizuki Inaba, Yoshiyuki Hagiwara, Noriyoshi Shimizu
PURPOSE: Ultraviolet (UV)-mediated photofunctionalization technology is intended to enhance the osseointegration capability of titanium implants. There are concerns about orthodontic anchor screws loosening under immediate loading protocols in adolescent orthodontic treatment. The purpose of this in vivo study was to evaluate the effects of photofunctionalization on the intrabony stability of orthodontic titanium anchor screws and bone-anchor screw contact under immediate loading in growing rats...
November 2016: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861516/the-mcme-project-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-sms-based-continuing-medical-education-intervention-for-improving-medical-knowledge-among-vietnamese-community-based-physicians-assistants
#13
Christopher J Gill, Bao Le Ngoc, Nafisa Halim, Ha Nguyen Viet, Anna Larson Williams, Tan Nguyen Van, Marion McNabb, Lien Tran Thi Ngoc, Ariel Falconer, Hai An Phan Ha, Julia Rohr, Hai Hoang, James Michiel, Tam Nguyen Thi Thanh, Liat Bird, Hoang Pham Vu, Mahlet Yeshitla, Nhu Ha Van, Lora Sabin
BACKGROUND: Community health workers (CHWs) provide critical services to underserved populations in low and middle-income countries, but maintaining CHW's clinical knowledge through formal continuing medical education (CME) activities is challenging and rarely occurs. We tested whether a Short Message Service (SMS)-based mobile CME (mCME) intervention could improve medical knowledge among a cadre of Vietnamese CHWs (Community Based Physician's Assistants-CBPAs) who are the leading providers of primary medical care for rural underserved populations...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829501/immediate-effects-of-mobilization-with-movement-vs-sham-technique-on-range-of-motion-strength-and-function-in-patients-with-shoulder-impingement-syndrome-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
João Flávio Guimarães, Tania Fátima Salvini, Aristides Leite Siqueira, Ivana Leão Ribeiro, Paula Rezende Camargo, Francisco Alburquerque-Sendín
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the immediate effects of mobilization with movement (MWM) with sham technique on range of motion (ROM), muscle strength, and function in patients with shoulder impingement syndrome. METHODS: A randomized clinical study was performed. Participants (mean age ± standard deviation, 31 ± 8 years; 56% women) were divided into 2 groups: group 1 (n = 14), which received the MWM technique in the first 4 sessions and the sham technique in the last 4 sessions; and group 2 (n = 13), which was treated with the opposite order of treatment conditions described for group 1...
November 6, 2016: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803562/perspective-of-orthopedists-on-pain-management-in-osteoarthritis-a-qualitative-study
#15
Jose Austine, Shoba Nair, Kiyana Mirza
CONTEXT: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative disorder characterized by pain, stiffness, and loss of mobility of the joint. As the most prevalent form of arthritis and a leading cause of impairment, it is imperative to understand the treating doctor's perception of pain relief among these patients. OBJECTIVES: To assess orthopedists' perspectives on pain management in OA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this qualitative study, a guide-based interview was conducted on 15 orthopedists of a tertiary care hospital and audio-recorded simultaneously...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800077/cholera-public-health-surveillance-in-the-republic-of-cameroon-opportunities-and-challenges
#16
Moise Chi Ngwa, Song Liang, Leonard Mbam Mbam, Arabi Mouhaman, Andrew Teboh, Kaousseri Brekmo, Onana Mevoula, John Glenn Morris
INTRODUCTION: In Cameroon, cholera has periodically resurfaced since it was first reported in 1971. In 2003, Cameroon adapted the Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) strategy to strengthen surveillance in the country. This study was an in-depth description and assessment of the structure, core and support functions, and attributes of the current cholera surveillance system in Cameroon. It also discussed its strengths and challenges with hope that lessons learned could improve the system in Cameroon and in other countries in Africa implementing the IDSR strategy...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797571/the-dbt-coach-mobile-application-as-an-adjunct-to-treatment-for-suicidal-and-self-injuring-individuals-with-borderline-personality-disorder-a-preliminary-evaluation-and-challenges-to-client-utilization
#17
Shireen L Rizvi, Christopher D Hughes, Marget C Thomas
Acquisition and generalization of specific behavioral skills is a key component of dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) for individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD). We examined the feasibility, acceptability, usability, and immediate effects of the DBT Coach, a mobile phone application (app) designed specifically to augment skills generalization through interactive coaching in DBT skills. In this pilot study, we provided the DBT Coach installed on a mobile device as an adjunct to 6 months of standard DBT, among a sample of 16 individuals with BPD and a recent history of attempted suicide and/or nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI)...
November 2016: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793340/neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-may-attenuate-muscle-proteolysis-after-cardiovascular-surgery-a-preliminary-study
#18
Kotaro Iwatsu, Yuki Iida, Yuji Kono, Takenori Yamazaki, Akihiko Usui, Sumio Yamada
OBJECTIVE: To explore the efficacy of postoperative neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) on muscle protein degradation and muscle weakness in patients after cardiovascular surgery. METHODS: Sixty-one patients underwent NMES daily from postoperative days (PODs) 1 to 5 in addition to postoperative mobilization program (NMES group), and 41 patients underwent postoperative mobilization program only (non-NMES group). The primary outcome was the concentration of 3-methylhistidine (3-MH) in 24-hour urine corrected for urinary creatinine content (3-MH/Cre) from PODs 1 to 5...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790495/acute-right-heart-failure-in-a-patient-with-right-heart-thrombus-and-pulmonary-thromboembolism
#19
Mohammad Mostafa Ansari-Ramandi, Samaneh Ansari-Ramandi, Nasim Naderi
Right Heart Thrombus (RiHT) management is really controversial, and appropriate guidelines are not present for the management. In patients referring with RiHT and Pulmonary Embolism (PE), there are three ways of managing these patients. Out of the three, one is thrombectomy, which is with high risk taking in mind the comorbidities these patients have. The other is using thrombolytic which, in many cases is contraindicated or with high risk. The other less effective way is full anticoagulation. It is really controversial to choose between these ways of management and no clear approach is present...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767054/real-space-imaging-of-a-topologically-protected-edge-state-with-ultracold-atoms-in-an-amplitude-chirped-optical-lattice
#20
Martin Leder, Christopher Grossert, Lukas Sitta, Maximilian Genske, Achim Rosch, Martin Weitz
To describe a mobile defect in polyacetylene chains, Su, Schrieffer and Heeger formulated a model assuming two degenerate energy configurations that are characterized by two different topological phases. An immediate consequence was the emergence of a soliton-type edge state located at the boundary between two regions of different configurations. Besides giving first insights in the electrical properties of polyacetylene materials, interest in this effect also stems from its close connection to states with fractional charge from relativistic field theory...
October 21, 2016: Nature Communications
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