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Immediate effect mobilization

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671022/-the-minimally-invasive-chevron-and-akin-osteotomy-mica
#1
REVIEW
Sebastian Altenberger, Stefanie Kriegelstein, Oliver Gottschalk, Florian Dreyer, Alexander Mehlhorn, Anke Röser, Markus Walther
OBJECTIVE: Percutaneous correction of a hallux valgus deformity with or without transfer metatarsalgia. INDICATIONS: Hallux valgus deformity up to 20° intermetatarsal angle, without instability of the first tarsometatarsal joint. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Symptomatic arthritis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint, as well as instability of the first tarsometatarsal joint. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Percutaneous performed osteotomy of the distal metatarsal 1 in combination with a medial closing wedge osteotomy of the proximal phalanx of the first toe...
April 18, 2018: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669688/immediate-effects-of-thoracic-spine-thrust-manipulation-on-neurodynamic-mobility
#2
Aaron J Hartstein, Arthur J Lievre, Jason K Grimes, Sheri A Hale
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the immediate effects of thoracic spine thrust manipulation (TSM) on the upper limb provocation test (ULPT) and seated slump test (SST) in individuals with identified neurodynamic mobility impairments. A secondary aim was to determine if correlation existed between the perception of effect and improvements in neurodynamic mobility following a thrust manipulation compared with mobilization. METHODS: A pretest-posttest experimental design randomized 48 adults into 2 groups: TSM or mobilization...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664955/efficacy-of-a-biomechanically-based-yoga-exercise-program-in-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Alexander B Kuntz, Jaclyn N Chopp-Hurley, Elora C Brenneman, Sarah Karampatos, Emily G Wiebenga, Jonathan D Adachi, Michael D Noseworthy, Monica R Maly
OBJECTIVE: Certain exercises could overload the osteoarthritic knee. We developed an exercise program from yoga postures with a minimal knee adduction moment for knee osteoarthritis. The purpose was to compare the effectiveness of this biomechanically-based yoga exercise (YE), with traditional exercise (TE), and a no-exercise attention-equivalent control (NE) for improving pain, self-reported physical function and mobility performance in women with knee osteoarthritis. DESIGN: Single-blind, three-arm randomized controlled trial...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663951/active-case-finding-and-treatment-adherence-in-risk-groups-in-the-tuberculosis-pre-elimination-era
#4
R K Gupta, M Lipman, A Story, A Hayward, G de Vries, R van Hest, C Erkens, M X Rangaka, I Abubakar
Vulnerable populations, including homeless persons, high-risk drug and alcohol users, prison inmates and other marginalised populations, contribute a disproportionate burden of tuberculosis (TB) cases in low-incidence settings. Drivers of this disease burden include an increased risk of both TB transmission in congregate settings, and progression from infection to active disease. Late diagnosis and poor treatment completion further propagate the epidemic and fuel the acquisition of drug resistance. These groups are therefore a major priority for TB control programmes in low-incidence settings...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649091/the-prognostic-significance-of-pedicle-enhancement-from-contrast-enhanced-mri-for-the-further-collapse-in-osteoporotic-vertebral-compression-fractures
#5
Sung Eun Hyun, Jin Young Ko, Eugene Lee, Ju Seok Ryu
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic significance of contrast-enhanced MRI for detecting pedicle enhancement and predicting future collapse in patients with acute benign osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Traditional morphological classification regarding compression versus burst fractures cannot accurately anticipate the prognosis of further collapse...
April 11, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643155/femoral-nerve-block-intervention-in-neck-of-femur-fracture-finof-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Martin Rowlands, Gerrie van de Walt, Jim Bradley, Alexa Mannings, Sarah Armstrong, Nigel Bedforth, Iain K Moppett, Opinder Sahota
OBJECTIVE: Fractured neck of femur is a severely painful condition with significant mortality and morbidity. We investigated whether early and continuous use of femoral nerve block can improve pain on movement and mobility after surgery in older participants with fragility neck of femur fracture. DESIGN: Prospective single-centre, randomised controlled pragmatic trial. SETTING: Secondary care, acute National Health Service Trust, UK. PARTICIPANTS: Participants admitted with a history and examination suggesting fractured neck of femur...
April 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607014/timing-and-technique-impact-the-effectiveness-of-road-based-mobile-acoustic-surveys-of-bats
#7
Laura E D'Acunto, Benjamin P Pauli, Mikko Moy, Kiara Johnson, Jasmine Abu-Omar, Patrick A Zollner
Mobile acoustic surveys are a common method of surveying bat communities. However, there is a paucity of empirical studies exploring different methods for conducting mobile road surveys of bats. During 2013, we conducted acoustic mobile surveys on three routes in north-central Indiana, U.S.A., using (1) a standard road survey, (2) a road survey where the vehicle stopped for 1 min at every half mile of the survey route (called a "start-stop method"), and (3) a road survey with an individual using a bicycle...
March 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604317/therapeutic-time-window-of-anti-high-mobility-group-box-1-antibody-administration-in-mouse-model-of-spinal-cord-injury
#8
Masahide Nakajo, Naohiro Uezono, Hideyuki Nakashima, Hidenori Wake, Setsuro Komiya, Masahiro Nishibori, Kinichi Nakashima
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating neurologic disorder that often leads to permanent disability, and there is no effective treatment for it. High mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) is a damage-associated molecular protein that triggers sterile inflammation upon injuries. We have previously shown that two administrations of neutralizing monoclonal antibody (mAb) against HMGB1 (immediately after (0 hours) and 6 hours after) SCI dramatically improves functional recovery after SCI in mice. However, when considering clinical application, 0 hours after SCI is not practical...
March 28, 2018: Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576816/why-it-worked-participants-insights-into-an-mhealth-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-intervention-in-china
#9
Lora L Sabin, Lauren Mansfield, Mary Bachman DeSilva, Taryn Vian, Zhong Li, Xie Wubin, Allen L Gifford, Yiyao Barnoon, Christopher J Gill
Background: Few Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) adherence trials investigate the reasons for intervention success or failure among HIV-positive individuals. Objectives: To conduct qualitative research to explore the reasons for effectiveness of a 6-month mHealth (mobile health) trial that improved adherence among ART patients in China. The intervention utilized Wireless Pill Containers (WPCs) to provide, real-time SMS reminders, WPC-generated adherence reports, and report-informed counseling...
2018: Open AIDS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576502/the-healthy-donor-profile-of-immunoregulatory-soluble-mediators-is-altered-by-stem-cell-mobilization-and-apheresis
#10
Guro Kristin Melve, Elisabeth Ersvaer, Kristin Paulsen Rye, Aymen Bushra Ahmed, Einar K Kristoffersen, Tor Hervig, Håkon Reikvam, Kimberley Joanne Hatfield, Øystein Bruserud
BACKGROUND: Peripheral blood stem cells from healthy donors mobilized by granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and thereafter harvested by leukapheresis are commonly used for allogeneic stem cell transplantation. METHODS: Plasma levels of 38 soluble mediators (cytokines, soluble adhesion molecules, proteases, protease inhibitors) were analyzed in samples derived from healthy stem cell donors before G-CSF treatment and after 4 days, both immediately before and after leukapheresis...
March 22, 2018: Cytotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563079/a-participatory-system-for-preventing-pandemics-of-animal-origins-pilot-study-of-the-participatory-one-health-disease-detection-podd-system
#11
Terdsak Yano, Somphorn Phornwisetsirikun, Patipat Susumpow, Surasing Visrutaratna, Karoon Chanachai, Polawat Phetra, Warangkhana Chaisowwong, Pairat Trakarnsirinont, Phonpat Hemwan, Boontuan Kaewpinta, Charuk Singhapreecha, Khwanchai Kreausukon, Arisara Charoenpanyanet, Chongchit Sripun Robert, Lamar Robert, Pranee Rodtian, Suteerat Mahasing, Ekkachai Laiya, Sakulrat Pattamakaew, Taweesart Tankitiyanon, Chalutwan Sansamur, Lertrak Srikitjakarn
BACKGROUND: Aiming for early disease detection and prompt outbreak control, digital technology with a participatory One Health approach was used to create a novel disease surveillance system called Participatory One Health Disease Detection (PODD). PODD is a community-owned surveillance system that collects data from volunteer reporters; identifies disease outbreak automatically; and notifies the local governments (LGs), surrounding villages, and relevant authorities. This system provides a direct and immediate benefit to the communities by empowering them to protect themselves...
March 21, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559010/association-of-joint-replacement-surgery-with-incident-dementia-diagnosis-in-german-claims-data
#12
Stefan J Teipel, Thomas Fritze, Martin Ellenrieder, Britta Haenisch, Wolfram Mittelmeier, Gabriele Doblhammer
BACKGROUND: Cognitive decline is an important complication of joint replacement surgeries in senior people. METHODS: We determined incidence rates of dementia diagnosis following endoprosthetic joint replacement surgery (upper and lower extremities). The observation period covered up to 28 quarters using German claims data comprising 154,604 cases 65 years and older. Effects were controlled for cerebrovascular and vascular risk factors, age, sex, the presence of a diagnosis of delirium, and regular prescription of sedative or analgesic drugs (SAD)...
March 21, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555931/alarmin-hmgb1-induces-systemic-and-brain-inflammatory-exacerbation-in-post-stroke-infection-rat-model
#13
Il-Doo Kim, Hahnbie Lee, Seung-Woo Kim, Hye-Kyung Lee, Juli Choi, Pyung-Lim Han, Ja-Kyeong Lee
Post-stroke infection (PSI) is known to worsen functional outcomes of stroke patients and accounts to one-third of stroke-related deaths in hospital. In our previous reports, we demonstrated that massive release of high-mobility group box protein 1 (HMGB1), an endogenous danger signal molecule, is promoted by N-methyl-D-aspartic acid-induced acute damage in the postischemic brain, exacerbating neuronal damage by triggering delayed inflammatory processes. Moreover, augmentation of proinflammatory function of lipopolysaccharides (LPS) by HMGB1 via direct interaction has been reported...
March 19, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531970/quantifying-the-costs-of-interruption-during-diagnostic-radiology-interpretation-using-mobile-eye-tracking-glasses
#14
Trafton Drew, Lauren H Williams, Booth Aldred, Marta E Heilbrun, Satoshi Minoshima
What are the costs and consequences of interruptions during diagnostic radiology? The cognitive psychology literature suggests that interruptions lead to an array of negative consequences that could hurt patient outcomes and lead to lower patient throughput. Meanwhile, observational studies have both noted a strikingly high rate of interruptions and rising number of interruptions faced by radiologists. There is some observational evidence that more interruptions could lead to worse patient outcomes: Balint et al...
July 2018: Journal of Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528796/effect-of-dry-needling-on-cubital-tunnel-syndrome-three-case-reports
#15
Sudarshan Anandkumar, Murugavel Manivasagam
This case series describes three patients who presented with right medial elbow pain managed unsuccessfully with conservative treatment that included medication, massage, exercise therapy, ultrasound therapy, neurodynamic mobilization, and taping. Diagnosis of cubital tunnel syndrome was based on palpatory findings, a positive elbow flexion test, and a positive Tinel's sign. Conventionally, the intervention for this entrapment has been surgical decompression, with successful outcomes. This is potentially a first-time description of the successful management of cubital tunnel syndrome with dry needling (DN) using a recently published DN grading system...
March 12, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510816/adjuvant-analgesics-for-spine-surgery
#16
Rikke Vibeke Nielsen
Increasing evidence indicate that pain is insufficiently treated following surgical procedures. It is essential that pain treatment is effective with a minimum of side effects in order to promote postoperative rehabilitation. Multimodal analgesia is most likely an important strategy in reducing postoperative pain. Combinations of different analgesics with different mechanisms of action may have an additive analgesic effect with fewer side effects compared to using a single drug. However, there is still a pronounced lack of documentation for the effect and side effects of these multimodal analgesic regimes...
March 2018: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505459/bariatric-outcomes-self-management-for-sustained-surgical-success-a-multicomponent-treatment-for-dysregulated-overeating-in-bariatric-surgery-patients
#17
Laura M Anderson, Thomas P Chacko
Binge eating disorder, food addiction, and dysregulated overeating are common among people with severe obesity and prevalent among bariatric surgery populations. These problematic eating habits share commonalities with other addictions. Effective, holistic self-management is needed to promote long-term weight loss and psychosocial adjustment among patients who are severely obese who undergo surgery, especially those with clinically remarkable levels of binge eating, food addiction, or dysregulated overeating...
January 2018: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505321/functional-measures-show-improvements-after-a-home-exercise-program-following-supervised-balance-training-in-older-adults-with-elevated-fall-risk
#18
Kristen Tisher, Kimberly Mann, Sarah VanDyke, Charity Johansson, Srikant Vallabhajosula
Supervised balance training shows immediate benefit for older adults at fall risk. The long-term effectiveness of such training can be enhanced by implementing a safe and simple home exercise program (HEP). We investigated the effects of a12-week unsupervised HEP following supervised clinic-based balance training on functional mobility, balance, fall risk, and gait. Six older adults with an elevated fall risk obtained an HEP and comprised the HEP group (HEPG) and five older adults who were not given an HEP comprised the no HEP group (NoHEPG)...
March 5, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504809/effect-of-mobile-technology-featuring-visual-scene-displays-and-just-in-time-programming-on-communication-turns-by-preadolescent-and-adolescent-beginning-communicators
#19
Christine Holyfield, Jessica Gosnell Caron, Kathryn Drager, Janice Light
PURPOSE: Visual scene displays (VSDs) and just-in-time programming supports are augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) technology features with theoretical benefits for beginning communicators of all ages. The goal of the current study was to evaluate the effects of a communication application (app) on mobile technology that supported the just-in-time programming of VSDs on the communication of preadolescents and adolescents who were beginning communicators. METHOD: A single-subject multiple-baseline across participant design was employed to evaluate the effect of the AAC app with VSDs programmed just-in-time by the researcher on the communication turns expressed by five preadolescents and adolescents (9-18 years old) who were beginning communicators...
March 5, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504507/community-perceptions-of-the-socio-economic-structural-context-influencing-hiv-and-tb-risk-prevention-and-treatment-in-a-high-prevalence-area-in-the-era-of-antiretroviral-therapy
#20
Nothando Ngwenya, Dumile Gumede, Maryam Shahmanesh, Nuala McGrath, Alison Grant, Janet Seeley
Following calls for targeted HIV prevention interventions in so-called "hotspots", we explored subjective perceptions of community members in places considered to be high HIV and tuberculosis (TB) transmission areas and those with low prevalence. Although more people now have access to antiretroviral therapy (ART), some areas are still experiencing high HIV transmission rates, presenting a barrier to the elimination of HIV. A rapid qualitative assessment approach was used to access a sample of 230 people who contributed narratives of their experiences and perceptions of transmission, treatment and prevention of HIV and TB in their communities...
March 2018: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
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