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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079869/racial-and-social-predictors-of-longitudinal-cervical-measures-the-cervical-ultrasound-study
#1
E W Harville, K S Miller, L R Knoepp
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the racial and socioeconomic disparities are present in adverse cervical parameters, and, if so, when such disparities develop. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study was conducted. 175 women with a prior preterm birth had up to four endovaginal ultrasounds between gestational weeks 16 and 24 (Cervical Ultrasound Trial of the MFMU). Each sociodemographic factor (race/ethnicity, marital status, insurance funding and education) was examined as a predictor of short cervix or U/funnel shape, using multiple logistic and linear regression...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079777/it-s-all-how-you-spin-it-interpretive-bias-in-research-findings-in-the-obstetrics-and-gynecology-literature
#2
Mark Turrentine
Scientific publications can be subject to varying degrees of interpretive bias, also known as spin. The rate of spin in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with nonsignificant primary outcomes in the general obstetrics and gynecology literature is unknown. A decade (January 2006 through December 2015) of the tables of contents of Obstetrics & Gynecology and the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology were screened, with 503 RCTs identified. Limiting assessment to only parallel-group RCTs with a nonsignificant primary outcome (P≥...
January 9, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079698/pediatric-hand-surgery-in-global-health-the-role-for-international-outreach
#3
Karen Y Chung, Amanda Hanemaayer, Dan Poenaru
PURPOSE: There is emerging interest in hand surgery and global health. This was emphasized at the 2015 presidential address at the American Society for Surgery of Hand. Children are prioritized because of their increased risk for trauma and higher potential for better outcomes. This study aims to identify how hand surgical volunteer programs can benefit the pediatric hand surgical landscape in global health. There has been no literature review to date. METHODS: This institutional review board-approved review systematically searched PubMed, Embase, Medline, African Journal Online, and the Journal of Hand Surgery...
February 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076272/correction-to-reported-practice-patterns-among-family-physicians-with-a-geriatrics-certificate-of-added-qualifications
#4
(no author information available yet)
In the above-mentioned article,(1) the electronic version differs from the print version due to data reporting errors. The electronic version on the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine website has been corrected. We apologize for the error, and we regret any confusion or inconvenience it may have caused.
November 2016: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076271/correction-to-family-physicians-with-a-certificate-of-added-qualifications-caqs-in-sports-medicine-spend-the-majority-of-their-time-practicing-sports-medicine
#5
(no author information available yet)
In the above-mentioned article,(1) the electronic version differs from the print version due to data errors in the figure. Consequently, the original title no longer accurately reflects the findings after correcting the data errors and has been changed to: "Family Physicians with a Certificate of Added Qualifications in Sports Medicine Spend an Increasing Amount of Time Practicing Sports Medicine." The electronic version on the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine website has been corrected. We apologize for the error, and we regret any confusion or inconvenience it may have caused...
November 2016: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076270/correction-to-the-performance-of-fertility-awareness-based-method-apps-marketed-to-avoid-pregnancy
#6
(no author information available yet)
In the above-mentioned article,(1) the electronic version differs from the print version due to typos in Table 2. The only data affected were the apps that did not predict the fertile window. The electronic version on the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine website has been corrected. We apologize for the error, and we regret any confusion or inconvenience it may have caused.
November 2016: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075376/the-new-high-resolution-crystal-structure-of-ns2b-ns3-protease-of-zika-virus
#7
Syed Lal Badshah, Abdul Naeem, Yahia Mabkhot
Zika virus (ZIKV) is the cause of a significant viral disease affecting humans, which has spread throughout many South American countries and has also become a threat to Southeastern Asia. This commentary discusses the article "Crystal structure of unlinked NS2B-NS3 protease from Zika virus" published recently in the journal Science by Zhang et al. of Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. They resolved a 1.58 Å resolution structure of the NS2B-NS3 protease of ZIKV and demonstrated how peptide and non-peptide inhibitors interact with this structure, along with the different conformational states that were observed...
January 10, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075287/nursing-in-the-trump-era
#8
Alison Moore
Do nurses in the US know what to expect from President Trump? The predominant mood at the moment is one of uncertainty, according to editor-in-chief of the American Journal of Nursing Shawn Kennedy. While presidential candidate Trump had a lot to say about health care, it is far from clear what President Trump will do. One reason for this is that he has been inconsistent in his views. He was pro-choice in 1999, for example, and antiabortion afterwards. Another reason is that the reality of politics may limit his power...
January 11, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073797/physical-and-cultural-determinants-of-postpartum-pelvic-floor-support-and-symptoms-following-vaginal-delivery-a-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Ingrid E Nygaard, Erin Clark, Lauren Clark, Marlene J Egger, Robert Hitchcock, Yvonne Hsu, Peggy Norton, Ana Sanchez-Birkhead, Janet Shaw, Xiaoming Sheng, Michael Varner
INTRODUCTION: Pelvic floor disorders (PFDs), including pelvic organ prolapse (POP), stress and urgency urinary incontinence, and faecal incontinence, are common and arise from loss of pelvic support. Although severe disease often does not occur until women become older, pregnancy and childbirth are major risk factors for PFDs, especially POP. We understand little about modifiable factors that impact pelvic floor function recovery after vaginal birth. This National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded Program Project, 'Bridging physical and cultural determinants of postpartum pelvic floor support and symptoms following vaginal delivery', uses mixed-methods research to study the influences of intra-abdominal pressure, physical activity, body habitus and muscle fitness on pelvic floor support and symptoms as well as the cultural context in which women experience those changes...
January 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064463/global-research-trends-in-lithium-toxicity-from-1913-to-2015-a-bibliometric-analysis
#10
Sa'ed H Zyoud, W Stephen Waring, Waleed M Sweileh, Samah W Al-Jabi
Lithium salts have been used to treat psychiatric disorders since the 1940s and are currently used in prophylaxis and treatment of depression and bipolar disorder. Therefore, we conducted this study to assess lithium toxicity-related publications using bibliometric approaches from a health point of view to assess global research trends in the lithium toxicity field to offer guidance to future research in this field. The data were retrieved from the online version of Scopus database on 6 August 2016. All records with the term "lithium" in the title were retrieved, and those related to lithium toxicity were evaluated...
January 8, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059930/acr-appropriateness-criteria-locally-advanced-high-risk-prostate-cancer
#11
Patrick W McLaughlin, Adam L Liss, Paul L Nguyen, Dean G Assimos, Anthony V D'Amico, Alexander R Gottschalk, Gary S Gustafson, Sameer R Keole, Stanley L Liauw, Shane Lloyd, Benjamin Movsas, Bradley R Prestidge, Timothy N Showalter, Al V Taira, Neha Vapiwala, Brian J Davis
PURPOSE: To present the most updated American College of Radiology consensus guidelines formed from an expert panel on treatment of locally advanced, high-risk prostate cancer METHODS:: The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed annually by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and revision include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer-reviewed journals and the application of well-established methodologies (RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation or GRADE) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures for specific clinical scenarios...
January 4, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055241/low-reporting-quality-of-the-meta-analyses-in-diagnostic-pathology
#12
Xulei Liu, Michael Kinzler, Jiangfan Yuan, Guozhong He, Lanjing Zhang
CONTEXT: -Little is known regarding the reporting quality of meta-analyses in diagnostic pathology. OBJECTIVE: -To compare reporting quality of meta-analyses in diagnostic pathology and medicine and to examine factors associated with reporting quality of diagnostic pathology meta-analyses. DESIGN: -Meta-analyses were identified in 12 major diagnostic pathology journals without specifying years and 4 major medicine journals in 2006 and 2011 using PubMed...
January 5, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054397/conventional-cytogenetics-for-myeloid-neoplasms-in-the-era-of-next-generation-sequencing
#13
Frank C Kuo, David P Steensma, Paola Dal Cin
In this issue of the American Journal of Hematology, Weinberg et al.(1) discuss how multiple diagnostic techniques should be integrated in the diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and the risk stratification of patients.Ever since the discovery of Philadelphia chromosome more than 50 years ago(2) , conventional cytogenetic assays, including karyotype and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), have played a critical role in classification, diagnosis and management of AML and other myeloid neoplasms. Most, if not all, of the recurrent chromosomal rearrangements commonly seen in AML are now well-described and the genes involved in these rearrangements have been identified...
January 5, 2017: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052113/zoonoses-in-veterinary-students-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#14
Antonio Sánchez, Miranda Prats-van der Ham, Juan Tatay-Dualde, Ana Paterna, Christian de la Fe, Ángel Gómez-Martín, Juan C Corrales, Antonio Contreras
BACKGROUND: Veterinary students face diverse potential sources of zoonotic pathogens since the first years of their academic degree. Such sources include different animal species and pathologic materials which are used at university facilities as well as commercial clinics, farms and other external facilities. OBJECTIVES: The present study utilizes a systematic review of the literature to identify zoonoses described in veterinary students. DATA SOURCES: Web of Science and PubMed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052052/physical-characteristics-and-performance-of-japanese-top-level-american-football-players
#15
Daichi Yamashita, Masaki Asakura, Yoshihiko Ito, Shinzo Yamada, Yosuke Yamada
This study aimed to compare the physical characteristics and performance between top-level non-professional football players in Japan and National Football League (NFL) Combine invited players and between top- and middle-level players in Japan in order to determine the factors that enhance performance in international and national competitions. One hundred sixty-eight American football players (>20 years) in Japan participated in an anthropometric (height and weight) and physical (vertical jump, long jump, 40-yard dash, pro-agility shuttle, three-cone drill, and bench press repetition test) measurement program based on the NFL Combine program to compete in the selection of candidates for the Senior World Championship...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048504/th-c-204-00-medical-physics-workshop-an-update-on-the-journal-s-improvement-activities-and-guidance-on-writing-and-reviewing-papers
#16
Jeffrey Williamson
In this presentation, the Editors will outline our vision for the future of Medical Physics and review recent work-in-progress initiatives to implement this vision. Finally, we will close with guidance to authors on how to write a good Medical Physics paper. A major focus will be the transition to a new publisher in 2017 following a more than 40-year association with American Institute of Physics Publishing (AIPP). Vision for Medical Physics and status of current initiatives: Jeff Williamson, Editor-in-Chief The broad vision of Medical Physics is "to continue the Journal's tradition of publishing the very best science that propels our discipline forward and improves our contribution to patient care...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048316/th-c-204-03-writing-good-scientific-papers-and-responding-to-critiques
#17
M Goodsitt
In this presentation, the Editors will outline our vision for the future of Medical Physics and review recent work-in-progress initiatives to implement this vision. Finally, we will close with guidance to authors on how to write a good Medical Physics paper. A major focus will be the transition to a new publisher in 2017 following a more than 40-year association with American Institute of Physics Publishing (AIPP). Vision for Medical Physics and status of current initiatives: Jeff Williamson, Editor-in-Chief The broad vision of Medical Physics is "to continue the Journal's tradition of publishing the very best science that propels our discipline forward and improves our contribution to patient care...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046896/th-c-204-01-vision-for-medical-physics-and-status-of-current-initiatives
#18
J Williamson
In this presentation, the Editors will outline our vision for the future of Medical Physics and review recent work-in-progress initiatives to implement this vision. Finally, we will close with guidance to authors on how to write a good Medical Physics paper. A major focus will be the transition to a new publisher in 2017 following a more than 40-year association with American Institute of Physics Publishing (AIPP). Vision for Medical Physics and status of current initiatives: Jeff Williamson, Editor-in-Chief The broad vision of Medical Physics is "to continue the Journal's tradition of publishing the very best science that propels our discipline forward and improves our contribution to patient care...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046238/th-c-204-02-improving-manuscript-quality-via-structured-reviews-enhanced-scientific-category-taxonomy-and-outreach
#19
S Das
In this presentation, the Editors will outline our vision for the future of Medical Physics and review recent work-in-progress initiatives to implement this vision. Finally, we will close with guidance to authors on how to write a good Medical Physics paper. A major focus will be the transition to a new publisher in 2017 following a more than 40-year association with American Institute of Physics Publishing (AIPP). Vision for Medical Physics and status of current initiatives: Jeff Williamson, Editor-in-Chief The broad vision of Medical Physics is "to continue the Journal's tradition of publishing the very best science that propels our discipline forward and improves our contribution to patient care...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045591/clinical-practice-guideline-update
#20
Seth R Schwartz, Anthony E Magit, Richard M Rosenfeld, Bopanna B Ballachanda, Jesse M Hackell, Helene J Krouse, Claire M Lawlor, Kenneth Lin, Kourosh Parham, David R Stutz, Sandy Walsh, Erika A Woodson, Ken Yanagisawa, Eugene R Cunningham
Objective This update of the 2008 American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation cerumen impaction clinical practice guideline provides evidence-based recommendations on managing cerumen impaction. Cerumen impaction is defined as an accumulation of cerumen that causes symptoms, prevents assessment of the ear, or both. Changes from the prior guideline include a consumer added to the development group; new evidence (3 guidelines, 5 systematic reviews, and 6 randomized controlled trials); enhanced information on patient education and counseling; a new algorithm to clarify action statement relationships; expanded action statement profiles to explicitly state quality improvement opportunities, confidence in the evidence, intentional vagueness, and differences of opinion; an enhanced external review process to include public comment and journal peer review; and 3 new key action statements on managing cerumen impaction that focus on primary prevention, contraindicated intervention, and referral and coordination of care...
January 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
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