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Venkat Boddapati, Ridhi Sachdev, Michael C Fu, Christopher L Camp, Robert G Marx, Joshua S Dines
BACKGROUND: Orthopaedic surgeons receive a disproportionately small share of funding from the National Institutes of Health, but they receive the largest amount of funding from industry sources. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between payments from industry partners and research productivity among orthopaedic research authors, as well as to identify predictors of high research productivity. METHODS: United States-based physicians who published an article in 2016 in The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery or The American Journal of Sports Medicine were included in this study...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Ronald L Eisenberg, Long H Ngo, Benedikt H Heidinger, Alexander A Bankier
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To analyze the pattern and longitudinal evolution of honorary authorship in major radiology journals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this Institutional Review Board-approved study, an electronic survey was sent to first authors of original research articles published in the American Journal of Roentgenology, European Radiology, the Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, and Radiology during 2 years (July 2014 through June 2016). Questions addressed the perception of honorary authorship and contributing factors, as well as demographic information...
March 16, 2018: Academic Radiology
Mads Gilbert
BACKGROUND: The atrocities in Syria have been covered in the four general medical weekly journals in the USA and the UK. Medical journal articles addressing political determinants of public health have rightly described and criticised the international community's failure to enforce humanitarian law while urging global bodies of power to ensure protection of civilians and civilian infrastructure and medical services. Discussions of the political influences on health of people in the occupied Palestinian territory (West Bank and Gaza Strip) seem to be considered politically out-of-bounds by some medical journals...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Barbara A Danek, Aris Karatasakis, Judit Karacsonyi, Bavana V Rangan, Shuaib Abdullah, Paul Sorajja, Subhash Banerjee, Emmanouil S Brilakis
The role of women and foreign medical graduates in cardiology research published in the United States has received limited study. We examined the characteristics of the first and last authors of all original contributions and review articles published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology from October 1, 2015 to October 1, 2016. A total of 345 articles were identified, with 687 first and last authors originating from ≥50 different countries. Overall 17% of authors were women (20% of first and 14% of last authors)...
March 15, 2018: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
(no author information available yet)
The following highlights summarize research articles that are published in the current issue of The American Journal of Pathology.
March 13, 2018: American Journal of Pathology
Louise Corah, Liz Mossop, Kate Cobb, Rachel Dean
Consultations are complex interactions, are central to achieving optimal outcomes for all stakeholders, yet what constitutes a successful consultation has not been defined. The aim of this systematic review was to describe the scope of the literature available on specific health problem consultations and appraise their identified success measures. Searches of CAB Abstracts and MEDLINE were performed in May 2016 using species and consultation terms. Systematic sorting of the results allowed identification of consultation 'success factors' cited in peer-reviewed veterinary literature which were appraised using an appropriate critical appraisal tool (AXIS)...
March 15, 2018: Veterinary Record
Leon Li
The data presented in this article are related to the research article entitled "Testing and comparing the performance of dynamic variance and correlation models in value-at-risk estimation. North American Journal of Economics and Finance, 40, 116-135. doi:10.1016/j.najef.2017.02.006 (Li, 2017) [1]. Data on daily stock index return for the Canadian, UK, and US equity markets, as compiled by Morgan Stanley Capital International, are provided in this paper. The country indices comprise at least 80% of the stock market capitalization of each country...
February 2018: Data in Brief
Maria Helena Palucci Marziale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Lawrence R Lustig
: The American Otological Society (AOS) has been on the forefront of advancing the science of auditory and vestibular physiology, and art of ear medicine since its founding in 1868. For 150 years, through its publications, the AOS has provided a critical forum to debate these advances, highlighting treatment successes and failures, and served a place to celebrate its history. This historical review provides an overview of the publications of the AOS since its founding: the Transactions of the annual meeting from 1868 through 2006, Treatises on Otosclerosis (1928-1935), the History of the Society from the 100 and 125th anniversary, and the sponsored Society journals-American Journal of Otology (1879-1883, 1979-2000) and Otology & Neurotology (2001-present)...
April 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Ian M MacDonald, Pamela C Sieving
PURPOSE: To review the contributions to ophthalmic genetics through the American Journal of OphthalmologyDesign: Perspective. METHODS: A literature search to retrieve original articles, letters, editorials, and published lectures from 1966 to 2017, providing a 50 year review. Titles were excluded that gave no reference to genetics or presented findings related to a non-genetic ocular condition. RESULTS: From a search of the Scopus database, 719 articles were ascertained...
March 9, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Kazunori Yoh, Hiroki Nishikawa, Hirayuki Enomoto, Noriko Ishii, Yoshinori Iwata, Akio Ishii, Yukihisa Yuri, Yuho Miyamoto, Kunihiro Hasegawa, Chikage Nakano, Ryo Takata, Takashi Nishimura, Nobuhiro Aizawa, Yoshiyuki Sakai, Naoto Ikeda, Tomoyuki Takashima, Hiroko Iijima, Shuhei Nishiguchi
Introduction and purpose: Patients with pancreatic cancer (PC) have long been known to have high rates of depression. Depression in patients with PC can be linked to sleep disturbance. The American College of Sports Medicine notes that physical exercise is safe for most patients with cancer and physical inactivity should be avoided. However, clinical impacts of exercise interventions (EIs) on patients with PC have been poorly investigated. We aim to prospectively examine the effect of EIs on sleep disturbance in patients with PC using actigraphy, which is an objective measurement of motor activity and sleep...
2018: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
Carlos Culquichicón, Emanuel Ramos-Cedano, Luis Helguero-Santin, Roberto Niño-Garcia, Alfonso J Rodriguez-Morales
Carrion's disease is a major re-emerging and occupational health disease. This bibliometric study aimed to evaluate scientific production on this disease both globally and in Latin America. SCI-E, MEDLINE/GoPubMed, SCOPUS, ScIELO, and LILACS databases were searched for Carrion's disease-related articles. They were classified according to publication year, type, city and institution of origin, international cooperation, scientific journal, impact factor, publication language, author(s), and H-index. There were 170 articles in SCI-E...
March 1, 2018: Le Infezioni in Medicina
Christopher M Bonfield, Rachel Pellegrino, Jillian Berkman, Robert P Naftel, Chevis N Shannon, John C Wellons
OBJECTIVE Both the American Association of Neurological Surgeons/Congress of Neurological Surgeons Joint Section on Pediatric Neurological Surgery (AANS/CNS Pediatric Section) and the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery (ISPN) annual meetings provide a platform for pediatric neurosurgeons to present, discuss, and disseminate current academic research. An ultimate goal of these meetings is to publish presented results in peer-reviewed journals. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the publication rates of oral presentations from the 2009, 2010, and 2011 AANS/CNS Pediatric Section and ISPN annual meetings in peer-reviewed journals...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Kristian Pollock, Jane Seymour
This is the second in an occasional series of paired commentaries in Age and Ageing, the Journal of the British Geriatrics Society and the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society (JAGS). The aim is to address issues of current significance and to foster dialogue and increased understanding between academics and clinicians working in comparative international settings. Both commentaries address the urgent need to improve palliative care for older people, with a critique of some stereotypes surrounding palliative care and the 'good death'...
March 6, 2018: Age and Ageing
Edward E Cornwell
On March 19-20, 2017; Howard University hosted a Festschrift inspired by Dr. Leffall's writings (Fig. 1). The celebrants highlighted the broad spectrum of Dr. Leffall's contributions in mentorship, leadership in American Surgery, breast cancer, endocrine cancer, pancreatic cancer, and familial polyposis coli. Perhaps most inspirational was the awe inspiring consistency the presenters demonstrated in describing the personal characteristics Dr. Leffall brings to his academic discourse: his encyclopedic knowledge and recall, his charm, eloquence, humility, and his total dedication to the patient, his students, and trainees...
December 12, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
Thomas W Elwood
Each year, the Journal of Allied Health is successful in attracting approximately 20% of article submissions from other nations. This development is gratifying in many ways because it signifies the utility and importance of obtaining viewpoints from other lands in ways that enhance the understanding of American educators and clinicians about common issues and challenges involving the preparation of a highly competent health workforce. Also discussed are wider trends in research and publishing including "registered reports" and authorship criteria...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Hope T Jackson, Monica T Young, H Alejandro Rodriguez, Andrew S Wright
BACKGROUND: Facebook is a popular online social networking platform increasingly used for professional collaboration. Literature regarding use of Facebook for surgeon professional development and education is limited. The Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES) has established a Facebook group dedicated to discussion of surgery of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine-the "SAGES Foregut Surgery Masters Program." The aim of this study is to examine how this forum is used for professional development, education, and quality improvement...
March 1, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Mark L Wieland, Jason H Szostek, Majken T Wingo, Jason A Post, Karen F Mauck
Clinicians are challenged to identify new practice changing articles in the medical literature. To identify the practice-changing articles published in 2017 most relevant to outpatient general internal medicine, five internists reviewed the following sources: 1) titles and abstracts from internal medicine journals with the 7 highest impact factors, including New England Journal of Medicine, Lancet, Journal of the American Medical Association, British Medical Journal, Public Library of Science Medicine, Annals of Internal Medicine, and JAMA-Internal Medicine; 2) synopses and syntheses of individual studies, including collections in American College of Physicians Journal Club, Journal Watch, and Evidence-Based Medicine; 3) databases of synthesis, including Evidence Updates and the Cochrane Library...
February 26, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
Trace Heavener, Matt Vassar
In systematic reviews and meta-analyses, publication bias is particularly problematic, given that combining only statistically significant outcomes is likely to overestimate the true effect of an intervention since non-significant findings have been omitted. We examined practices for evaluating publication bias from gastroenterology literature. We performed a PubMed search to identify systematic reviews published in American Journal of Gastroenterology, Gut, and Gastroenterology from 2005 to 2015. Of the 304 found, 215 studies were eligible for inclusion based on relevant study characteristics...
February 27, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
Lars H Breimer, Torbjörn K Nilsson, Michael E Breimer
Declaration of conflicts of interest (COI, understood mainly as financial) in medical publications is long established. Most journals refer only to the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) but not to those of the WAME (World Association of Medical Editors). We surveyed 17 journals and found only one (BJOG), which explicitly mentioned "religious interest" as an example of a possible COI and one other journal included "personal belief" (Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India) as a COI...
February 7, 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
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