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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654701/correction-comparison-of-french-and-worldwide-bacillus-anthracis-strains-favors-a-recent-post-columbian-origin-of-the-predominant-north-american-clade
#1
Gilles Vergnaud, Guillaume Girault, Simon Thierry, Christine Pourcel, Nora Madani, Yann Blouin
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0146216.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648326/the-role-for-international-outreach-in-hand-surgery
#2
REVIEW
Karen Y Chung
Internationally, surgery is making its mark as a necessary priority in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs). In 2013, Paul Farmer, MD, and international leaders from 14 countries founded the Lancet Commission of Global Surgery to develop and assemble the best evidence on the state of surgery worldwide, to study the economics of surgical and anesthesia care delivery, and to develop strategies for improving access. Concurrently, there is growing interest in hand surgery. The Journal of Hand Surgery (European Volume) recently called for LMIC research with the goal of using their resources to improve the end product...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646640/this-month-in-ajp
#3
(no author information available yet)
The following highlights summarize research articles that are published in the current issue of The American Journal of Pathology.
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645222/dietary-fat-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-recent-controversies-and-advances
#4
Dong D Wang, Frank B Hu
Health effects of dietary fats have been extensively studied for decades. However, controversies exist on the effects of various types of fatty acids, especially saturated fatty acid (SFA), on cardiovascular disease (CVD). Current evidence supports that different types of dietary fatty acids have divergent effects on CVD risk, and the effects also depend strongly on the comparison or replacement macronutrient. A significant reduction in CVD risk can be achieved if SFAs are replaced by unsaturated fats, especially polyunsaturated fatty acids...
June 23, 2017: Annual Review of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644694/a-bibliometric-analysis-of-highly-cited-and-high-impact-occupational-therapy-publications-by-american-authors
#5
Sharon A Gutman, Ted Brown, Yuh-Shan Ho
A bibliometric analysis was completed of peer-reviewed literature from 1991-2015, written by American occupational therapists, to examine US high impact scholarship with "occupational therapy" and "occupational therapist(s)" used as keywords to search journal articles' publication title, abstract, author details, and keywords. Results included 1,889 journal articles from 1991-2015 published by American occupational therapists as first or corresponding author. Sixty-nine articles attained a TotalCitation2015 ≥ 50 and 151 attained a Citation2015 ≥ 5 indicating that they were the most highly cited literature produced in this period...
June 23, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639937/a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-of-intravenous-immunoglobulin-compared-with-standard-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-transverse-myelitis-in-adults-and-children-strive
#6
Michael Absoud, Peter Brex, Olga Ciccarelli, Onyinye Diribe, Gavin Giovannoni, Jennifer Hellier, Rosemary Howe, Rachel Holland, Joanna Kelly, Paul McCrone, Caroline Murphy, Jackie Palace, Andrew Pickles, Michael Pike, Neil Robertson, Anu Jacob, Ming Lim
BACKGROUND: Transverse myelitis (TM) is an immune-mediated disorder of the spinal cord that affects adults and children and that causes motor, sensory and autonomic dysfunction. There is a prolonged recovery phase, which may continue for many years. Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an uncommon relapsing inflammatory central nervous system condition in which TM can be the first presenting symptom. As TM and NMO affect many patients in the prime of their working life, the disorder can impose a significant demand on health resources...
May 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634619/implementation-of-li-rads-into-a-radiological-practice
#7
REVIEW
Stefan T Siedlikowski, Ania Z Kielar, Eleanor L Ormsby, Bijan Bijan, Christopher Kagay
Since its introduction in 2011, Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) has become an increasingly utilized method for radiologists to categorize lesions for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients at risk (American College of Radiology, www.acr.org/quality-safety/resources/lirads 2016). This overview article presents insight into methods of incorporating LI-RADS into an existing clinical practice, highlighting concrete ways to establish this system as a mainstay in any radiologist's evidence-based armamentarium...
June 20, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633460/guidelines-for-composing-and-assessing-a-paper-on-treatment-of-pain
#8
Nikolai Bogduk, David J Kennedy, Yakov Vorobeychik, Andrew Engel
Authors, readers, and editors share a common focus. Authors want to publish their work. Readers want to see high-quality, new information. Referees and editors serve to ensure that authors provide valid conclusions based on the quality of information that readers want. Common to each of these roles are instructions to authors. However, these are typically written in an uninspiring, legalistic style, as if they are a set of rules that authors must obey if they expect to get published. This renders the instructions boring and oppressive, if not forbidding...
June 17, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633288/quantifying-the-added-value-of-repeated-measures
#9
Andrew E Moran, Kiang Liu
Meaningful inference in epidemiology relies on accurate exposure measurement. In longitudinal observational studies, more exposure data in the form of repeated measures in the same individuals adds useful information. But exactly how much do repeated measures add, incremental to the information provided by baseline measures? In this issue of the American Journal of Epidemiology, Paige et al. quantified the value of adding repeated cholesterol and blood pressure measurements to baseline measurements in a meta-analysis of individual participant data of 38 longitudinal cohort studies...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631429/journal-of-the-american-geriatrics-society-evolving-strategies-and-processes
#10
EDITORIAL
William B Applegate, Joseph G Ouslander
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626791/hiv-risk-reduction-prevention-interventions-targeting-african-american-adolescent-women
#11
C Emily Hendrick, Caitlin Canfield
African American young women are overwhelmingly disproportionately burdened by HIV/AIDS in the United States today. The purpose of the current systematic review was to identify the characteristics of efficacious HIV risk-reduction prevention interventions targeting African American adolescent women in order to inform future intervention development and expansion. We searched PubMed, PsychInfo, and ProQuest databases for journal articles and dissertations published between 2000 and 2015 reporting the impacts of HIV risk-reduction prevention interventions in the U...
June 2017: Adolesc Res Rev
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626081/why-publish-in-the-american-journal-of-physiology-heart-and-circulatory-physiology
#12
Irving H Zucker, Merry L Lindsey, Mario Delmar, Leon J De Windt, Christine Des Rosiers, Debra I Diz, Robert L Hester, Steven P Jones, Nancy L Kanagy, Masafumi Kitakaze, Ronglih Liao, Gary D Lopaschuk, Kaushik P Patel, Fabio A Recchia, Junichi Sadoshima, Ajay M Shah, Zoltan I Ungvari, Ivor J Benjamin, Mordecai P Blaustein, Nisha Charkoudian, Igor R Efimov, David D Gutterman, David A Kass, Yulin Liao, Donal S O'Leary, Crystal May Ripplinger, Michael S Wolin
n/a.
June 16, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625599/disparities-in-anxiety-and-its-disorders
#13
EDITORIAL
Michael J Zvolensky, Lorra Garey, Jafar Bakhshaie
Much of the scientific work addressing the enigmas of anxiety and its disorders has been conducted among European Americans. This work has led to great progress into the nature of anxiety psychopathology, including etiologic, maintenance, and relapse processes. Moreover, evidenced-based treatments for anxiety and its disorders have arguably been among the best in the field of psychopathology for well over two decades. Yet, the progress thus far attained on the nature and treatment of anxiety disorders has not benefited all members of society equally...
May 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624899/neuropsychological-measures-in-the-arab-world-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Ahmed F Fasfous, Haya F Al-Joudi, Antonio E Puente, Miguel Pérez-García
Although Arabic is one of the most widely used languages in the world, little is known on the availability of standardized neuropsychological tests in Arabic. We review the literature published before 2016, using the keywords Arab*, cogniti*, and neuropsycholo*, as well as keywords for each Arab country. PubMed, PsycINFO, Education Source, Academic Search Complete, Education Resources Information Center, Shamaa, and Arabpsynet databases were searched, in addition to a selected number of Arabic medical and educational journals...
June 17, 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619296/understanding-north-american-yoga-therapists-attitudes-skills-and-use-of-evidence-based-practice-a-cross-national-survey
#15
Marlysa Sullivan, Matthew Leach, James Snow, Steffany Moonaz
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the adoption of evidence-based practice (EBP) by yoga therapists (YTs). OBJECTIVE: To determine the attitudes, skills, training, use, barriers and facilitators to the use of EBP amongst North American YTs DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive survey METHODS: Self-identified YTs practicing in North America were invited to participate in an online survey. YT attitudes, skills, training, utilisation, barriers to use, and facilitators of EBP use were measured using the 84-item Evidence-Based practice Attitude and utilization SurvEy (EBASE)...
June 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616040/stem-cell-transplantation-for-spinal-cord-injury-a-meta-analysis-of-treatment-effectiveness-and-safety
#16
Xiao Fan, Jin-Zhao Wang, Xiao-Min Lin, Li Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of stem cell transplantation for spinal cord injury (SCI). DATA SOURCES: PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Science and Technology Journal, Wanfang, and SinoMed databases were systematically searched by computer to select clinical randomized controlled trials using stem cell transplantation to treat SCI, published between each database initiation and July 2016...
May 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607453/specific-skeletal-muscle-sphingolipid-compounds-in-energy-expenditure-regulation-and-weight-gain-in-native-americans-of-southwestern-heritage
#17
S Heinitz, P Piaggi, K L Vinales, A Basolo, J Spranger, D Piomelli, J Krakoff, S R Jumpertz von
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: In animal models, a role in the regulation of energy expenditure (EE) has been ascribed to sphingolipids, active components of cell membranes participating in cellular signaling. In humans, it is unknown whether sphingolipids play a role in the modulation of EE and, consequently, influence weight gain. The present study investigated the putative association of EE and weight gain with sphingolipid levels in human skeletal muscle, a component of fat-free mass (the strongest determinant of EE) in adipose tissue and in plasma...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606149/malaria-research-in-malawi-from-1984-to-2016-a-literature-review-and-bibliometric-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Chikondi A Mwendera, Christiaan de Jager, Herbert Longwe, Charles Hongoro, Clifford M Mutero, Kamija S Phiri
BACKGROUND: Malaria research can play a vital role in addressing the malaria burden in Malawi. An organized approach in addressing malaria in Malawi started in 1984 by the establishment of the first National Malaria Control Programme and research was recognized to be significant. This study aimed to assess the type and amount of malaria research conducted in Malawi from 1984 to 2016 and its related source of funding. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted in the Medline/PubMed database for Malawian publications and approved malaria studies from two Ethical Committees were examined...
June 12, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603465/spinal-cord-as-an-adjunct-to-brain-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-defining-no-evidence-of-disease-activity-in-multiple-sclerosis
#19
Subhash Tummala, Tarun Singhal, Vinit V Oommen, Gloria Kim, Fariha Khalid, Brian C Healy, Rohit Bakshi
ACTIVITY AVAILABLE ONLINE: To access the article, post-test, and evaluation online, go to http://www.cmscscholar.org. TARGET AUDIENCE: The target audience for this activity is physicians, physician assistants, nursing professionals, and other health-care providers involved in the management of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). LEARNING OBJECTIVES: 1) Describe the concept of "no evidence of disease activity" in MS.2) Recognize the role of spinal cord imaging in routine monitoring of MS disease activity...
May 2017: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599800/proceedings-of-the-editorial-board-meeting-of-the-american-journal-of-cardiology-on-march-17-2017
#20
EDITORIAL
William Clifford Roberts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
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