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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818559/-to-boldly-go-where-no-one-has-gone-before
#1
Keith W Kelley
Americans are suffering from a culture of taking pills. Six out of ten Americans utilize at least one prescription drug, and more than one in ten use five or more prescription medicines. Although this torrent of taking pills is already high, drug use in the USA has not yet crested. Prescription drugs have specific targets, but often they adversely affect other tissues and organs. In keeping with the mission of the recently named National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH), Brain, Behavior, and Immunity searches for the underlying cause and potential efficacy of both drug and non-drug interventions...
August 14, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818281/american-journal-of-preventive-medicine-2016-article-of-the-year
#2
EDITORIAL
Matthew L Boulton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815622/selling-innovations-like-soap-the-interactive-systems-framework-and-social-marketing
#3
Kathryn McAlindon
Despite the popularity and noted utility of Wandersman and colleagues' (American Journal of Community Psychology, 41, 2008, 171) Interactive Systems Framework, the literature currently provides a primary focus on delivery organizations' and supportive stakeholders' capacities and strategies to implement innovations, presenting a critical gap in understanding. Unfortunately, reflective of a larger void in community dissemination and implementation efforts, there is a more limited focus on the dissemination of innovations...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815612/network-analysis-in-community-psychology-looking-back-looking-forward
#4
REVIEW
Zachary P Neal, Jennifer Watling Neal
Network analysis holds promise for community psychology given the field's aim to understand the interplay between individuals and their social contexts. Indeed, because network analysis focuses explicitly on patterns of relationships between actors, its theories and methods are inherently extra-individual in nature and particularly well suited to characterizing social contexts. But, to what extent has community psychology taken advantage of this network analysis as a tool for capturing context? To answer these questions, this study provides a review of the use network analysis in articles published in American Journal of Community Psychology...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802724/juvenile-body-mass-estimation-a-methodological-evaluation
#5
Libby Cowgill
Two attempts have been made to develop body mass prediction formulae specifically for immature remains: Ruff (Ruff, C.C., 2007, Body size prediction from juvenile skeletal remains. American Journal Physical Anthropology 133, 698-716) and Robbins et al. (Robbins, G., Sciulli, P.W., Blatt, S.H., 2010. Estimating body mass in subadult human skeletons. American Journal Physical Anthropology 143, 146-150). While both were developed from the same reference population, they differ in their independent variable selection: Ruff (2008) used measures of metaphyseal and articular surface size to predict body mass in immature remains, whereas Robbins et al...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793171/reporting-of-socioeconomic-status-in-pediatric-language-research
#6
Ella Inglebret, Shana Bailey, Jeanne Amie Clothiaux, Amy Skinder-Meredith, Kayla Monson, Lesli Cleveland
Purpose: This study examined language-focused research articles published in 3 American Speech-Language-Hearing Association journals to: (a) determine the proportion that reported the socioeconomic status (SES) of pediatric participants and (b) identify the indicators used to represent SES in these articles. Method: Researchers reviewed articles published from 2000-2015 in Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, the American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, and the Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research (language section) that involved pediatric participants and focused on language development, as well as on assessment and intervention for language disorders...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789703/information-sources-for-obesity-prevention-policy-research-a-review-of-systematic-reviews
#7
Rosie Hanneke, Sabrina K Young
BACKGROUND: Systematic identification of evidence in health policy can be time-consuming and challenging. This study examines three questions pertaining to systematic reviews on obesity prevention policy, in order to identify the most efficient search methods: (1) What percentage of the primary studies selected for inclusion in the reviews originated in scholarly as opposed to gray literature? (2) How much of the primary scholarly literature in this topic area is indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE? (3) Which databases index the greatest number of primary studies not indexed in PubMed, and are these databases searched consistently across systematic reviews? METHODS: We identified systematic reviews on obesity prevention policy and explored their search methods and citations...
August 8, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783206/high-mortality-associated-with-tapeworm-parasitism-in-geladas-theropithecus-gelada-in-the-simien-mountains-national-park-ethiopia
#8
India Schneider-Crease, Randi H Griffin, Megan A Gomery, Thore J Bergman, Jacinta C Beehner
Despite increasing appreciation for parasitism as an important component of primate ecology and evolution, surprisingly few studies have demonstrated the costs of helminth parasitism in primates. Detecting parasite-related costs in primates is particularly difficult because it requires detailed, long-term data on individual host reproductive success, survival, and parasitism. The identification of the larval tapeworm Taenia serialis in geladas under intensive long-term study in the Ethiopian Highlands (Nguyen et al...
August 7, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780130/commentary-on-poems-for-the-american-journal-of-geriatric-psychiatry
#9
EDITORIAL
David L Coulter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777473/bibliometric-analysis-of-female-authorship-trends-and-collaboration-dynamics-over-jbmr%C3%A2-s-30-year-history
#10
Austin E Wininger, James P Fischer, Elive F Likine, Andrew S Gudeman, Alexander R Brinker, Jonathan Ryu, Kevin A Maupin, Shatoria Lunsford, Elizabeth C Whipple, Randall T Loder, Melissa A Kacena
In academia, authorship is considered a currency, and is important for career advancement. As the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research (JBMR®) is the highest-ranked journal in the field of bone, muscle, and mineral metabolism, and is the official publication of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, we sought to examine authorship changes over JBMR®'s 30-year history. Two bibliometric methods were used to collect the data. The "decade method" included all published manuscripts throughout one year in each decade over the past 30 years starting with the inaugural year, yielding 746 manuscripts for analysis...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767456/effects-of-anaesthesia-and-analgesia-on-long-term-outcome-after-total-knee-replacement-a-prospective-observational-multicentre-study
#11
Dario Bugada, Massimo Allegri, Marco Gemma, Andrea L Ambrosoli, Giuseppe Gazzerro, Fernando Chiumiento, Doriana Dongu, Fiorella Nobili, Andrea Fanelli, Paolo Ferrua, Massimo Berruto, Gianluca Cappelleri
BACKGROUND: Perioperative regional anaesthesia may protect from persistent postsurgical pain (PPSP) and improve outcome after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). OBJECTIVES: Aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of regional anaesthesia on PPSP and long-term functional outcome after TKA. DESIGN: A web-based prospective observational registry. SETTING: Five Italian Private and University Hospitals from 2012 to 2015. PATIENTS: Undergoing primary unilateral TKA, aged more than 18 years, informed consent, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status classes 1 to 3, no previous knee surgery...
August 1, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763183/-the-most-cited-themes-in-the-research-in-the-field-of-mental-health-analyses-of-six-international-nursing-and-medical-journals
#12
Laura Cunico, Susanna Fredo, Massimo Bernini
INTRODUCTION: The review aimed to identify and analyse the future development on the topic by analysing the main themes discussed in number of scientific journal focused on Mental Health both by nurses and physicians.. METHOD: 4 international journals focused on Mental health and psychiatry International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, American Journal of Psychiatry, Australian and New Zeland Journal of Psychiatry as well as two journal focused generically on health, Journal of Advanced Nursing and Lancet were scrutinized...
April 2017: Professioni Infermieristiche
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763097/obesity-and-adverse-breast-cancer-risk-and-outcome-mechanistic-insights-and-strategies-for-intervention
#13
REVIEW
Manuel Picon-Ruiz, Cynthia Morata-Tarifa, Janeiro J Valle-Goffin, Eitan R Friedman, Joyce M Slingerland
Answer questions and earn CME/CNE Recent decades have seen an unprecedented rise in obesity, and the health impact thereof is increasingly evident. In 2014, worldwide, more than 1.9 billion adults were overweight (body mass index [BMI], 25-29.9 kg/m(2) ), and of these, over 600 million were obese (BMI ≥30 kg/m(2) ). Although the association between obesity and the risk of diabetes and coronary artery disease is widely known, the impact of obesity on cancer incidence, morbidity, and mortality is not fully appreciated...
August 1, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757260/comparison-between-publicly-accessible-publications-registries-and-protocols-of-phase-iii-trials-indicated-persistence-of-selective-outcome-reporting
#14
Sheng Zhang, Fei Liang, Wenfeng Li
OBJECTIVES: The decision to make protocols of phase III randomized clinical trials (RCTs) publicly accessible by leading journals was a landmark event in clinical trial reporting. Here we compared primary outcomes defined in protocols with those in publications describing the trials, and in trial registration. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We identified phase III RCTs published between January 1, 2012 and June 30, 2015 in The New England Journal of Medicine, The Lancet, The Journal of the American Medical Association and The BMJ with available protocols...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756785/impact-of-health-technology-assessment-in-litigation-concerning-access-to-high-cost-drugs
#15
Alicia Aleman, Ana Perez Galan
OBJECTIVES: The impact of health technology assessment (HTA) in the judicialization of the right of health has not been deeply studied in Latin American countries. The purpose of this study is to review the process of judicialization of the access to high cost drugs in Uruguay and assess the impact HTAs have had on this process. METHODS: The methodology used for this study included a comprehensive literature search in electronic databases, local journals, internal documents developed in the Ministry of Health, as well as conducting interviews with key informants...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754528/corrigendum-to-isolated-systolic-hypertension-an-update-after-sprint-american-journal-of-medicine-volume-129-issue-12-december-2016-pages-1251-1258
#16
Chirag Bavishi, Sangita Goel, Franz H Messerli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751483/respiratory-syncytial-virus-a-systematic-scientometric-analysis-of-the-global-publication-output-and-the-gender-distribution-of-publishing-authors
#17
Dörthe Brüggmann, Corinna Köster, Doris Klingelhöfer, Jan Bauer, Daniela Ohlendorf, Matthias Bundschuh, David A Groneberg
OBJECTIVE: Worldwide, the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) represents the predominant viral agent causing bronchiolitis and pneumonia in children. To conduct research and tackle existing healthcare disparities, RSV-related research activities around the globe need to be described. Hence, we assessed the associated scientific output (represented by research articles) by geographical, chronological and socioeconomic criteria and analysed the authors publishing in the field by gender. Also, the 15 most cited articles and the most prolific journals were identified for RSV research...
July 26, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751040/corrigendum-to-serum-calcium-as-an-indicator-of-persistent-organ-failure-in-acute-pancreatitis-american-journal-of-emergency-medicine-2017-35-978-982
#18
Tao Peng, Xin Peng, Min Huang, Jing Cut, Yushun Zhang, Heshui Wu, Chunyou Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749483/surgical-site-infections-in-neonates-are-independently-associated-with-longer-hospitalizations
#19
E A Gilje, M J Hossain, C D Vinocur, L Berman
OBJECTIVE: There is limited data characterizing the risk and impact of surgical site infection (SSI) in neonates; this makes it difficult to identify factors that increase neonatal SSI risk and to determine how SSI affects outcomes in this special population. STUDY DESIGN: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Improvement Program Pediatric (NSQIP-P) collected data on children undergoing surgery at children's hospitals from 2012 to 2014. Neonates undergoing general surgical procedures were characterized with regard to demographic characteristics and comorbidities...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744879/procarbazine-lomustine-and-vincristine-for-recurrent-high-grade-glioma
#20
REVIEW
Saurabh Parasramka, Goutham Talari, Myrna Rosenfeld, Jing Guo, John L Villano
BACKGROUND: Recurrent high-grade glioma (HGG) carries an extremely poor prognosis. There is no current standard of care or guideline-based recommendations. Nitrosourea-based multidrug chemotherapy or PCV - procarbazine, lomustine (CCNU) and vincristine - is one of the treatment options at recurrence. There has been no meta-analysis which looks at the benefits and harms of PCV chemotherapy in adults with recurrent HGG. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of procarbazine, lomustine, and vincristine (PCV) chemotherapy with other interventions in adults with recurrent high-grade glioma...
July 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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