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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919479/how-to-refer-to-people-with-disease-in-research-outputs-the-disconnection-between-academic-practise-and-that-preferred-by-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#1
David Baker, Ananthi Anandhakrishnan, Katie A Tuite-Dalton, Hazel Lockart-Jones, Rodden M Middleton, David V Ford, Christina Crowe, Gavin Giovannoni
BACKGROUND: Increasingly, Government and Charity funders require public engagement in research. Invariably these research outputs describe the condition of someone with the disease of interest. We therefore sought to identify the preferred descriptor of someone with a disease, such as multiple sclerosis (MS) and to determine what descriptors are currently used by academics. METHODS: Several surveys were undertaken: one from the Research Network of the MS Society (MSSRN), a major MS Charity within the United Kingdom, who are involved in reviewing grant applications, priority setting and research governance (n=146), and surveys from both the United Kingdom MS register (MSR; n=1713) and the North American Research Committee on Multiple Sclerosis (NARCOMS) registry (n=518)...
November 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911990/academic-nightmares-predatory-publishing
#2
Sonya E Van Nuland, Kem A Rogers
Academic researchers who seek to publish their work are confronted daily with a barrage of e-mails from aggressive marketing campaigns that solicit them to publish their research with a specialized, often newly launched, journal. Known as predatory journals, they often promise high editorial and publishing standards, yet their exploitive business models, poor quality control, and minimal overall transparency victimize those researchers with limited academic experience and pave the way for low-quality articles that threaten the foundation of evidence-based research...
December 2, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910751/recent-advances-in-pharmacotherapeutic-paradigm-of-mild-to-recalcitrant-atopic-dermatitis
#3
Zahid Hussain, Shariza Sahudin, Hnin Ei Thu, Ahmad Nazrun Shuid, Syed Nasir Abbas Bukhari, Endang Kumolosasi
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common, chronic skin inflammatory disorder characterized by perivascular infiltration of immunoglobulin E (IgE), T lymphocytes, and mast cells. The key factors responsible for the pathophysiology of this disease are immunological disorders and defects in epidermal barrier properties. Pruritus, intense itching, psychological stress, deprived physical and mental performance, and sleep disturbance are the hallmark features of this dermatological disorder. Preventive interventions such as educational programs, avoidance of allergens, and exclusive care toward the skin could play a partial role in suppressing the symptoms...
2016: Critical Reviews in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903106/reviewers-for-the-american-journal-of-psychiatry
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900212/the-world-s-contribution-to-the-field-of-urology-in-2015-a-bibliometric-study
#5
Ahmad Majzoub, Khalid Al Rumaihi, Abdulla Al Ansari
OBJECTIVE: To explore factors associated with a successful research atmosphere by investigating the distribution of articles published in the field of urology in 2015 amongst different world regions, as research is undoubtedly a valuable tool that can help shape the future of human health. METHODS: The Scopus® database was searched for publications made by Urology journals enlisted in the SCImago journal and country rank website. Details about each article type, language, and country of origin were collected...
December 2016: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898350/cronkhite-canada-syndrome-complicated-by-pulmonary-embolism-a-case-report
#6
Neha L Nemade, Urvi B Shukla, Gajanan D Wagholikar
INTRODUCTION: Cronkhite Canada Syndrome (CCS) is a rare syndrome, described in 1955 by Americans, Leonard Wolsey Cronkhite and Wilma Jeanne Canada in the New England Journal of Medicine [1]. About 450 cases have been reported. Complications, like malignant transformation, unprovoked thromboembolism is known. Since there is wide variability in medical presentation, no definitive diagnostic and treatment protocol s have been set. The mortality remains at 55%. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 50 year old male patient presenting with diarrhea, weight loss, abdominal pain, ectodermal features...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898136/pharmacological-approaches-for-the-management-of-persistent-pain-in-older-adults-what-nurses-need-to-know
#7
Fabio Guerriero, Ruth Bolier, Janet H Van Cleave, M Cary Reid
HOW TO OBTAIN CONTACT HOURS BY READING THIS ARTICLE INSTRUCTIONS 1.4 contact hours will be awarded by Villanova University College of Nursing upon successful completion of this activity. A contact hour is a unit of measurement that denotes 60 minutes of an organized learning activity. This is a learner-based activity. Villanova University College of Nursing does not require submission of your answers to the quiz. A contact hour certificate will be awarded once you register, pay the registration fee, and complete the evaluation form online at http://goo...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897267/increasing-bmi-is-associated-with-reduced-expression-of-p-glycoprotein-abcb1-gene-in-the-human-brain-with-a-stronger-association-in-african-americans-than-caucasians
#8
J Vendelbo, R H Olesen, J K Lauridsen, J Rungby, J E Kleinman, T M Hyde, A Larsen
The efflux pump, p-glycoprotein, controls bioavailability and excretion of pharmaceutical compounds. In the blood-brain barrier, p-glycoprotein regulates the delivery of pharmaceutical substances to the brain, influencing efficacy and side effects for some drugs notably antipsychotics. Common side effects to antipsychotics include obesity and metabolic disease. Polymorphisms in the ABCB1 gene coding for p-glycoprotein are associated with more severe side effects to neuro-pharmaceuticals as well as weight gain, indicating a potential link between p-glycoprotein function and metabolic regulation...
November 29, 2016: Pharmacogenomics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893915/barriers-to-participation-in-an-online-nursing-journal-club-at-a-community-teaching-hospital
#9
Christopher Rodriguez, Carol Victor, Nathaniel Leonardi, Suela Sulo, Gina Littlejohn
: HOW TO OBTAIN CONTACT HOURS BY READING THIS ISSUE Instructions: 1.2 contact hours will be awarded by Villanova University College of Nursing upon successful completion of this activity. A contact hour is a unit of measurement that denotes 60 minutes of an organized learning activity. This is a learner-based activity. Villanova University College of Nursing does not require submission of your answers to the quiz. A contact hour certificate will be awarded after you register, pay the registration fee, and complete the evaluation form online at http://goo...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885153/karl-otto-landsteiner-1868-1943-physician-biochemist-immunologist
#10
Armond S Goldman, Frank C Schmalsteig
Karl Landsteiner applied the sciences of biochemistry, pathology, microbiology, and immunology in medical research to great success during the first half of the 20th century. Although he is principally known for elucidating the major blood group antigens A and B and their isoantibodies for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Landsteiner made many other important medical discoveries. In that respect, he ascertained that paralytic poliomyelitis was due to a virus, the pancreas was damaged in cystic fibrosis, simple chemicals called haptens were able to combine with antibodies, and the Rh antigen that was later found to be the principal cause of hemolytic anemia of the newborn was found in most humans...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884018/blood-transfusion-during-radical-chemo-radiotherapy-does-not-reduce-tumour-hypoxia-in-squamous-cell-cancer-of-the-head-and-neck
#11
Liam Welsh, Rafal Panek, Angela Riddell, Kee Wong, Martin O Leach, Mahvash Tavassoli, Durdana Rahman, Maria Schmidt, Tara Hurley, Lorna Grove, Thomas Richards, Dow-Mu Koh, Christopher Nutting, Kevin Harrington, Kate Newbold, Shreerang Bhide
BACKGROUND: Patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) undergoing radical chemo-radiation (CRT) frequently receive transfusion with packed red cells (PRCT) during radiotherapy on the basis that PRCT increases tumour oxygenation and overcomes hypoxia-induced radio-resistance. This is likely to be a significant oversimplification given the fact that tumour hypoxia is the result of several intrinsic and extrinsic factors, including many that are not directly related to serum haemoglobin (Hb)...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879607/-plasticsurgery
#12
Olivier A Branford, Parisa Kamali, Rod J Rohrich, David H Song, Patrick Mallucci, Daniel Z Liu, Dustin Lang, Kristi Sun, Miran Stubican, Samuel J Lin
BACKGROUND: Social media use is growing inexorably, and there is public appetite for evidence-based information. Little is known about engagement by plastic surgeons with social media. The aim of this study was to examine posting about plastic surgery on Twitter, to best inform how board-certified plastic surgeons could use the hashtag #PlasticSurgery as a tool to educate patients and the public. METHODS: A prospective analysis of 2880 "tweets" containing the words "plastic surgery" was performed...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876749/anti-fungal-activity-of-ctn-15-34-the-c-terminal-peptide-fragment-of-crotalicidin-a-rattlesnake-venom-gland-cathelicidin
#13
Carolina Sidrim P Cavalcante, Cláudio B Falcão, Raquel Os Fontenelle, David Andreu, Gandhi Rádis-Baptista
Crotalicidin (Ctn), a 34-residue cathelicidin from a South American rattlesnake, and its fragment (Ctn[15-34]) have shown anti-infective and cytotoxic activities against Gram-negative bacteria and certain tumor lines, respectively. The extent of such effects has been related to physicochemical characteristics such as helicity and hydrophobicity. We now report the anti-fungal activity of Ctn and its fragments (Ctn[1-14]) and (Ctn[15-34]). MIC determination and luminescent cell viability assays were used to evaluate the anti-infective activity of Ctn and its fragments (Ctn[1-14]) and (Ctn[15-34]) as anti-fungal agents against opportunistic yeast and dermatophytes...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875626/developing-a-research-agenda-for-reducing-the-stigma-of-addictions-part-ii-lessons-from-the-mental-health-stigma-literature
#14
REVIEW
Patrick W Corrigan, Georg Schomerus, Valery Shuman, Dana Kraus, Debbie Perlick, Autumn Harnish, Magdalena Kulesza, Kathleen Kane-Willis, Sang Qin, David Smelson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although advocates and providers identify stigma as a major factor in confounding the recovery of people with SUDs, research on addiction stigma is lacking, especially when compared to the substantive literature examining the stigma of mental illness. METHODS: A comprehensive review of the stigma literature that yielded empirically supported concepts and methods from the mental health arena was contrasted with the much smaller and mostly descriptive findings from the addiction field...
November 22, 2016: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875454/2016-peer-reviewers
#15
(no author information available yet)
The American Journal of Nursing is a peer reviewed journal. Nurses and other practitioners serve as peer reviewers, sharing with us their expertise in health care, research, and all aspects of nursing practice. They are essential to ensure the quality of the manuscripts we publish. We are pleased to acknowledge and thank the following individuals who reviewed manuscripts in 2016.
December 2016: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867258/principle-of-care-and-giving-to-help-people-in-need
#16
René Bekkers, Mark Ottoni-Wilhelm
Theories of moral development posit that an internalized moral value that one should help those in need-the principle of care-evokes helping behaviour in situations where empathic concern does not. Examples of such situations are helping behaviours that involve cognitive deliberation and planning, that benefit others who are known only in the abstract, and who are out-group members. Charitable giving to help people in need is an important helping behaviour that has these characteristics. Therefore we hypothesized that the principle of care would be positively associated with charitable giving to help people in need, and that the principle of care would mediate the empathic concern-giving relationship...
May 2016: European Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866473/top-100-cited-articles-in-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-a-bibliometric-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Muhammad Shahzeb Khan, Waqas Ullah, Irbaz Bin Riaz, Nizar Bhulani, Warren J Manning, Srini Tridandapani, Faisal Khosa
BACKGROUND: With limited health care resources, bibliometric studies can help guide researchers and research funding agencies towards areas where reallocation or increase in research activity is warranted. Bibliometric analyses have been published in many specialties and sub-specialties but our literature search did not reveal a bibliometric analysis on Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (CMR). The main objective of the study was to identify the trends of the top 100 cited articles on CMR research...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865760/this-month-in-ajp
#18
(no author information available yet)
The following highlights summarize research articles that are published in the current issue of The American Journal of Pathology.
November 17, 2016: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860048/the-growing-problem-of-antimicrobial-resistance
#19
Palle Holmstrup, Bjarne Klausen
Antibiotic therapy over the years has saved millions of lives, but antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a current threat to human health. An interesting review on AMR has recently been presented in the Journal of American Medical Association (Marston et al., 2016). The review is authored by five staff members at National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland, and the purpose of the review was to identify factors associated with AMR, the current epidemiology of important resistant organisms, and possible solutions to the AMR problem...
November 17, 2016: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858205/statistical-inference-in-abstracts-of-major-medical-and-epidemiology-journals-1975-2014-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Andreas Stang, Markus Deckert, Charles Poole, Kenneth J Rothman
Since its introduction in the twentieth century, null hypothesis significance testing (NHST), a hybrid of significance testing (ST) advocated by Fisher and null hypothesis testing (NHT) developed by Neyman and Pearson, has become widely adopted but has also been a source of debate. The principal alternative to such testing is estimation with point estimates and confidence intervals (CI). Our aim was to estimate time trends in NHST, ST, NHT and CI reporting in abstracts of major medical and epidemiological journals...
November 17, 2016: European Journal of Epidemiology
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