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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101562/effects-of-wheelchair-propulsion-on-neuropathic-pain-and-resting-electroencephalography-after-spinal-cord-injury
#1
Gosuke Sato, Michihiro Osumi, Shu Morioka
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of wheelchair propulsion on neuropathic pain and to examine resting electroencephalography pre- and post-wheelchair propulsion after spinal cord injury. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Eleven individuals with spinal cord injury and pain and 10 healthy controls. METHODS: Single-session 15-min wheelchair propulsion and measurement of resting electroence-phalography. Effects of wheelchair propulsion were investigated using numerical rating scale (NRS) for neuropathic pain and short-form Profile of Mood States-Brief for mood...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100421/osteoarthritis-year-in-review-2016-biology
#2
REVIEW
E N Blaney Davidson, A P M van Caam, P M van der Kraan
This review highlights a selection of literature in the area of osteoarthritis biology published between the 2015 and 2016 Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI) World Congress. Highlights were selected from a pubmed search covering cartilage, bone, inflammation and pain. A personal selection was made based, amongst other things, on topics presented during the 2015 conference. This covers circadian rhythm, TGF-β signaling, autophagy, SIRT6, exercise, lubricin, TLR's, pain and NGF. Furthermore, in this review we have made an effort to connect these seemingly distant topics into one scheme of connections between them, revealing a theoretical big picture underneath...
December 17, 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096689/influence-of-exercise-on-visceral-pain-an-explorative-study-in-healthy-volunteers
#3
Laura Jgm van Weerdenburg, Christina Brock, Asbjørn Mohr Drewes, Harry van Goor, Marjan de Vries, Oliver Hg Wilder-Smith
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Contradictory results have been found about the effect of different exercise modalities on pain. The aim of this study was to investigate the early effects of aerobic and isometric exercise on different types of experimental pain, including visceral pain, compared to an active control condition. METHODS: Fifteen healthy subjects (6 women, mean [standard deviation] age 25 [6.5] years) completed 3 interventions consisting of 20 minutes of aerobic cycling, 12 minutes of isometric knee extension and a deep breathing procedure as active control...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096432/effects-of-activity-genetic-selection-and-their-interaction-on-muscle-metabolic-capacities-and-organ-masses-in-mice
#4
Scott A Kelly, Fernando R Gomes, Erik M Kolb, Jessica L Malisch, Theodore Garland
Chronic voluntary exercise elevates total daily energy expenditure (DEE) and food consumption, potentially resulting in organ compensation supporting nutrient extraction/utilization. Additionally, species with naturally higher DEE often have larger processing organs, which may represent genetic differences and/or phenotypic plasticity. We tested for possible adaptive changes in organ masses of 4 replicate lines of house mice selected (37 generations) for high running (HR lines) compared with 4 non-selected control (C) lines...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096255/sheppheartcabg-trial-comprehensive-early-rehabilitation-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-protocol-for-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#5
Ida Elisabeth Højskov, Philip Moons, Niels Viggo Hansen, Søren La Cour, Peter Skov Olsen, Christian Gluud, Per Winkel, Jane Lindschou, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Ingrid Egerod, Selina Kikkenborg Berg
INTRODUCTION: Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery often experience a range of symptoms. Studies indicate that non-pharmacological interventions such as exercise training and psychoeducation have a positive physiological and psychological effect in early outpatient rehabilitation. The SheppHeartCABG trial will investigate the effect of early comprehensive rehabilitation in early phase rehabilitation versus usual care. The aim of this paper is to present the protocol for the SheppHeartCABG trial...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096027/work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-primary-health-care-nurses
#6
Tânia Ribeiro, Florentino Serranheira, Helena Loureiro
BACKGROUND: Work related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs) constitute a serious occupational health problem among registered nurses (RN) all around the world. Its prevalence is mainly associated with nurses' high physical demands that still remain poorly studied in primary health care (PHC). PURPOSE: To describe nurses' self-reported symptoms of WRMSDs (mainly discomfort and pain) in PHC, featuring the main work tasks that may have risk factors for its development...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095747/effects-of-roller-massager-on-muscle-recovery-after-exercise-induced-muscle-damage
#7
Nuno Casanova, Joana F Reis, João R Vaz, Rita Machado, Bruno Mendes, Duane C Button, Pedro Pezarat-Correia, Sandro R Freitas
Two experiments (n = 10) were conducted to determine the effects of roller massager (RM) on ankle plantar flexor muscle recovery after exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD). Experiment 1 examined both functional [i.e., ankle plantar flexion maximal isometric contraction and submaximal (30%) sustained force; ankle dorsiflexion maximal range of motion and resistance to stretch; and medial gastrocnemius pain pressure threshold] and morphological [cross-sectional area, thickness, fascicle length, and fascicle angle] variables, before and immediately, 1, 24, 48, and 72 h after an EIMD stimulus...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095581/long-term-adherence-and-effectiveness-of-a-multicomponent-intervention-for-community-dwelling-overweight-thai-older-adults-with-knee-osteoarthritis-1-year-follow-up
#8
Suparb Aree-Ue, Yuwadee Saraboon, Basia Belza
Being overweight is a major risk factor for developing knee osteoarthritis (OA). The purpose of the current study was to: (a) determine participant adherence to a quadriceps exercise and weight management program after completion of the intervention; and (b) examine whether a quadriceps exercise and weight management program can reduce knee pain and improve knee function and weight loss in 40 community-dwelling overweight Thai older adults with knee OA at 6- and 12-month follow up. Twenty-nine (76.3%) participants completed at least 75% of the program...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095214/stretching-exercises-for-shoulder-impingement-syndrome-effects-of-6-week-program-on-shoulder-tightness-pain-and-disability-status
#9
Elif Turgut, Irem Duzgun, Gul Baltaci
CONTEXT: Increasing soft tissue flexibility and joint mobility is one of the important aims of the shoulder impingement syndrome (SIS). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of stretching program on posterior capsule tightness, pectoralis minor tightness, pain severity and disability status in SIS. DESIGN: Single-group pre-test post-test design. SETTING: University outpatient clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Eighteen participants diagnosed with subacromial impingement syndrome (34...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095102/electromyographic-analysis-of-gluteus-maximus-and-hamstring-activity-during-the-supine-resisted-hip-extension-exercise-versus-supine-unilateral-bridge-to-neutral
#10
James W Youdas, James P Hartman, Brooke A Murphy, Ashley M Rundle, Jenna M Ugorowski, John H Hollman
Hip extension strengthening exercises which maximize gluteus maximus contributions and minimize hamstring influences may be beneficial for persons with hip pain. This study's aim was to compare muscle activation of the gluteus maximus and hamstrings from healthy subjects during a supine resisted hip extension exercise versus supine unilateral bridge to neutral. Surface electromyographic (EMG) signals were obtained from the right gluteus maximus and hamstrings in 13 healthy male and 13 healthy female subjects...
January 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095093/the-effect-of-foot-plantar-massage-on-balance-and-functional-reach-in-patients-with-type-ii-diabetes
#11
Eylem Tütün Yümin, Tülay Tarsuslu Şimşek, Meral Sertel, Handan Ankaralı, Murat Yumin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of manual foot plantar massage (classic and friction massage) on functional mobility level, balance, and functional reach in patients with type II diabetes mellitus (T2 DM). METHODS: A total of 38 subjects diagnosed with T2 DM were included in the study. A healthy control group could not be formed in this study. After the subjects' socio-demographic data were obtained, Timed Up & Go (TUG) Test, functional reach test (FRT), one-leg standing test with eyes open-closed, and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) to measure foot pain intensity were performed...
January 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092298/individualized-exercise-interventions-for-spinal-pain
#12
Deborah Falla, Paul W Hodges
Exercise is the most effective treatment for the management and prevention of spinal pain, yet on average it delivers small to moderate treatment effects, which are rarely long-lasting. This review examines the hypothesis that outcome of exercise interventions can be optimized when targeted towards the "right" patients and when tailored to address the neuromuscular impairments of each individual.
January 13, 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092256/-resection-of-intracardiac-myxoma-case-report
#13
Víctor Manuel Carmona-Delgado, Angélica María Deloya-Maldonado, María Lourdes Carranza-Bernal, Arturo Hinojosa-Pérez, Leobardo Farías-Mayene
Myxomas are the most common benign cardiac tumors, which are considered emergency surgery. The resection should not be delayed because 8-9% of affected patients may die due to intracardiac blood flow obstruction. We presente a clinical case of a 47 year old female, history of dyslipidemia. Disease starts with retrosternal oppression feeling, dyspnea on moderate exercise, dizziness, pain in joints hands. Arrhytmic heart sounds, diastolic mitral murmur II/IV, breth sounds present, no lymph. Laboratory: hemoglobin 11...
January 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089739/the-influence-of-seasonality-on-the-content-of-goyazensolide-and-on-anti-inflammatory-and-anti-hyperuricemic-effects-of-the-ethanolic-extract-of-lychnophora-passerina-brazilian-arnica
#14
Bruno César de Albuquerque Ugoline, Jacqueline de Souza, Fernanda Cristina Ferrari, Zilma Schimith Ferraz Filha, Grazielle Brandão Coelho, Dênia Antunes Saúde-Guimarães
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Lychnophora passerina (Mart ex DC) Gardn (Asteraceae), popularly known as Brazilian arnica, is used in Brazilian folk medicine to treat pain, rheumatism, bruises, inflammatory diseases and insect bites. AIM OF THE STUDY: Investigate the influence of the seasons on the anti-inflammatory and anti-hyperuricemic activities of ethanolic extract of L. passerina and the ratio of the goyazensolide content, main chemical constituent of the ethanolic extract, with these activities...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088887/-improvement-of-lumbal-motor-control-and-trunkmuscle-conditions-with-a-novel-low-back-pain-prevention-exercise-program
#15
Viktória Kovácsné Bobály, Brigitta Szilágyi, Alexandra Makai, Ákos Koller, Melinda Járomi
INTRODUCTION: Ballet dancers often suffer from low back pain. AIM: Low back pain can be reduced by strengthening the core muscles with the help of a special exercise program. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the study 62 ballet dancer women (average age: 14.89 ± 1.21 years) were included. Intervention group: n = 30 participant, average age: 14.86 ± 1.00 years, control group: n = 32 participant, average age: 14.91 ± 1.37 years. We examined the pain intensity that occurs during training with visual analog scale, the habitual posture with photogrammetry, the abdominal muscle strength with Kraus-Weber test, the static muscle strength of the trunk muscles with core test and the lumbar motor control with leg lowering test...
January 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087891/physical-activity-and-exercise-for-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#16
REVIEW
Louise J Geneen, R Andrew Moore, Clare Clarke, Denis Martin, Lesley A Colvin, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity. However, exercise may have specific benefits in reducing the severity of chronic pain, as well as more general benefits associated with improved overall physical and mental health, and physical functioning...
January 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087567/interventions-to-increase-adherence-to-therapeutic-exercise-in-older-adults-with-low-back-pain-and-or-hip-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Philippa J A Nicolson, Kim L Bennell, Fiona L Dobson, Ans Van Ginckel, Melanie A Holden, Rana S Hinman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether interventions aimed at increasing adherence to therapeutic exercise increase adherence greater than a contextually equivalent control among older adults with chronic low back pain and/or hip/knee osteoarthritis. DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Five databases (MEDLINE (PubMed), CINAHL, SportDISCUS (EBSCO), Embase (Ovid) and Cochrane Library) were searched until 1 August 2016. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Randomised controlled trials that isolated the effects of interventions aiming to improve adherence to therapeutic exercise among adults ≥45 years of age with chronic low back pain and/or hip/knee osteoarthritis were included...
January 13, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079916/adolescent-shin-pain
#18
Jeremy Korsh, Douglas Matijakovich, Charles Gatt
Shin pain is a common complaint in adolescent athletes. The term "shin splints" has historically been applied to these patients. Shin splints, more often than not, refers to a stress reaction of the tibia from overuse. Overuse injuries occur when repetitive microtrauma to the bone exceeds the biologic healing potential. Diagnosis is based on typical history and physical examination findings. Plain radiographs and advanced imaging are rarely necessary but can provide valuable prognostic information. Treatment consists of adequate rest and exercise modification...
January 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078503/efficacy-of-pulsed-nd-yag-laser-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Mohamed Salaheldien Mohamed Alayat, Tarek Helmy Ahmed Aly, Aly Elsayed Mohamed Elsayed, Ammar Suliman Mohamed Fadil
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of pulsed Nd:YAG laser plus glucosamine/chondroitin sulfate (GCS) in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) by examining changes in pain and knee function, as well as synovial thickness (ST) and femoral cartilage thickness (FCT). Sixty-seven male patients participated, with a mean (SD) age of 53.85 (4.39) years, weight of 84.01 (4.70) kg, height of 171.51 (3.96) cm, and BMI of 28.56 (1.22). Group 1 was treated with high-intensity laser therapy (HILT), GCS, and exercises (HILT + GCS + EX)...
January 11, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078435/the-effects-of-therapeutic-exercises-on-pain-muscle-strength-functional-capacity-balance-and-hemodynamic-parameters-in-knee-osteoarthritis-patients-a-randomized-controlled-study-of-supervised-versus-home-exercises
#20
Tuğba Kuru Çolak, Bahar Kavlak, Onur Aydoğdu, Emir Şahin, Gönül Acar, İlkşan Demirbüken, Zübeyir Sarı, İlker Çolak, Güven Bulut, M Gülden Polat
The aim of the study was to compare the effects of low-intensity exercise programs for lower extremities, either supervised or at home, on pain, muscle strength, balance and the hemodynamic parameters of knee osteoarthritis (OA) patients. This randomized study included 78 patients with knee OA in 2 groups of supervised and home-based exercise program. Exercises were applied to the first group in the clinic as a group exercise program and were demonstrated to the second group to be performed at home. Before and after the 6-week exercise program, assessment was made of pain, quadriceps and hamstring muscle strengths, 6-min walk test (6MWT), and non-invasive hemodynamic parameters...
January 11, 2017: Rheumatology International
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