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exercise pain

Benjamin E Smith, Paul Hendrick, Marcus Bateman, Sinead Holden, Chris Littlewood, Toby O Smith, Pip Logan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Natalie J Collins, Christian J Barton, Marienke van Middelkoop, Michael J Callaghan, Michael Skovdal Rathleff, Bill T Vicenzino, Irene S Davis, Christopher M Powers, Erin M Macri, Harvi F Hart, Danilo de Oliveira Silva, Kay M Crossley
Patellofemoral pain affects a large proportion of the population, from adolescents to older adults, and carries a substantial personal and societal burden. An international group of scientists and clinicians meets biennially at the International Patellofemoral Research Retreat to share research findings related to patellofemoral pain conditions and develop consensus statements using best practice methods. This consensus statement, from the 5th International Patellofemoral Research Retreat held in Australia in July 2017, focuses on exercise therapy and physical interventions (eg, orthoses, taping and manual therapy) for patellofemoral pain...
June 20, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Andrew David Govus, Erik Petrus Andersson, Oliver Michael Shannon, Holly Provis, Mathilda Karlsson, Kerry McGawley
This study investigated whether commercially available compression garments (COMP) exerting a moderate level of pressure and/or neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) accelerate recovery following a cross-country sprint skiing competition compared with a control group (CON) consisting of active recovery only. Twenty-one senior (12 males, 9 females) and 11 junior (6 males, 5 females) Swedish national team skiers performed an outdoor sprint skiing competition involving four sprints lasting ∼3-4 min. Before the competition, skiers were matched by sex and skiing level (senior versus junior) and randomly assigned to COMP (n = 11), NMES (n = 11) or CON (n = 10)...
June 20, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
Robyn McHugh, Michael Allen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Pediatric Physical Therapy
Maritza Neto, Rosa Andias, Anabela G Silva
PURPOSE: To explore the views of adolescents with chronic idiopathic neck pain toward an intervention consisting of pain neuroscience education and exercise administered in the school setting. METHODS: Four focus group interviews were conducted with 21 adolescents with chronic idiopathic neck pain who participated in a 4-week intervention consisting of pain neuroscience education and exercise. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using content analysis...
July 2018: Pediatric Physical Therapy
Brooke M Smith, Jennifer L Villatte, Clarissa W Ong, Grayson M Butcher, Michael P Twohig, Michael E Levin, Steven C Hayes
Research has demonstrated that values and acceptance interventions can increase distress tolerance, but the individual contribution of each remains unclear. The current study examined the isolated effect of a values intervention on immersion time in a cold pressor. Participants randomized to Values ( n = 18) and Control ( n = 14) conditions completed two cold pressor tasks, separated by a 30-min values or control intervention. Immersion time increased 51.06 s for participants in the Values condition and decreased by 10...
June 1, 2018: Behavior Modification
Suzanne Broadbent, Sonja Coetzee, Rosalind Beavers
PURPOSE: This pilot pre-and post-intervention study investigated the effects of a short-term aquatic exercise programme on physiological outcomes, symptoms and exercise capacity in women with chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME). METHODS: Eleven women (54.8 ± 12.4 year) volunteered for the 5-week program; an initial 20-min aquatic exercise session then two self-paced 20-min sessions per week for 4 weeks. Pre- and post-intervention outcomes were physiological measures, 6 min Walk Test (6MWT), perceived exertion (RPE), hand grip strength, Sit-to-Stand, Sit-Reach test, Apley's shoulder test, FACIT questionnaire, and 24-h post-test tiredness and pain scores (0-10 visual analogue scale)...
June 19, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
William Brady, Katya de Souza
Chest pain is one of the most common, potentially serious presenting complaints for adult emergency department (ED) visits. The challenge of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) identification with appropriate disposition is quite significant. Many of these patients are low risk and can be managed non-urgently in the outpatient environment; other patients, however, are intermediate to high risk for ACS and should be managed more aggressively, likely with inpatient admission and cardiology consultation. The HEART score, a recently derived clinical decision rule aimed at the identification of risk in the undifferentiated chest pain patient, is potentially quite useful as an adjunct to physician medical decision-making...
June 2018: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
M A M Mulders, G S I Sulkers, A J Videler, S D Strackee, M J C Smeulders
Background  Patients with palmar midcarpal instability have symptoms of pain, combined with clinical signs of abnormal mobility on stressing the joint, an unpredictable blockade feeling, and a noticeable clunk, in the absence of an underlying trauma. No data are available on the effect of conservative treatment for these patients. Purpose  The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect and the long-term functional outcomes of a wrist exercise program in patients with palmar midcarpal instability. Patients and Methods  All patients diagnosed with palmar midcarpal instability between 2005 and 2011 were included...
July 2018: Journal of Wrist Surgery
Nicholas A Levine, Brandon R Rigby
Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) describes a group of disorders that are due to a dynamic compression of blood vessels or nerves, between the clavicle and first rib or cervical vertebral nerve roots. Individuals with TOS typically experience upper limb pain, numbness, tingling, or weakness that is exacerbated by shoulder or neck movement. The causes of TOS vary, and can include abrupt movements, hypertrophy of the neck musculature, and anatomical variations in which the brachial plexus roots pass through this musculature, edema, pregnancy, repeated overhead motions, the blockage of an artery or vein, or abnormal posture...
June 19, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Simon Heinrich Bayerl, Florian Pöhlmann, Tobias Finger, Vincent Prinz, Peter Vajkoczy
In contrast to a one-level cervical corpectomy, a multilevel corpectomy without posterior fusion is accompanied by a high material failure rate. So far, the adequate surgical technique for patients, who receive a two-level corpectomy, remains to be elucidated. The aim of this study was to determine the long-term clinical outcome of patients with cervical myelopathy, who underwent a two-level corpectomy. Outcome parameters of 21 patients, who received a two-level cervical corpectomy, were retrospectively analyzed concerning reoperations and outcome scores (VAS, Neck Disability Index (NDI), Nurick scale, modified Japanese Orthopaedic Association score (mJOAS), Short Form 36-item Health Survey Questionnaire (SF-36))...
June 18, 2018: Neurosurgical Review
Stephan Uschok, Sebastian Herrmann, Stephan Pauly, Carsten Perka, Stefan Greiner
INTRODUCTION: Reverse shoulder arthroplasty shifts the rotational center of the shoulder joint caudally and medially to restore shoulder function in a rotator cuff deficient shoulder. Despite promising results in early- and mid-term follow-up, long-term loss in shoulder function has been described in the literature. A lack of exercise in elderly patients may be one reason for this loss in function. This study examines the functional benefits of physical therapy in the mid-term to long-term follow-up regarding the subjective and objective shoulder function...
June 19, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Helen Richmond, Clare Lait, Cynthia Srikesavan, Esther Williamson, Jane Moser, Meredith Newman, Lauren Betteley, Beth Fordham, Sophie Rees, Sarah E Lamb, Julie Bruce
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal shoulder problems are common after breast cancer treatment. There is some evidence to suggest that early postoperative exercise is safe and may improve shoulder function. We describe the development and delivery of a complex intervention for evaluation within a randomised controlled trial (RCT), designed to target prevention of musculoskeletal shoulder problems after breast cancer surgery (The Prevention of Shoulder Problems Trial; PROSPER). METHODS: A pragmatic, multicentre RCT to compare the clinical and cost-effectiveness of best practice usual care versus a physiotherapy-led exercise and behavioural support intervention in women at high risk of shoulder problems after breast cancer treatment...
June 18, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Piotr Wranicz, Bente Brokstad Herlofson, Jan F Evensen, Ulf E Kongsgaard
Introduction Trismus, or limited mouth opening, is a well-known complication of head and neck cancer and its treatment. It may be caused by tumour infiltration into the masticatory muscles or by treatment like surgery and radiotherapy. A limited mouth opening may have a negative effect on nutrition, phonation, dental hygiene and treatment, and quality of life. The severity of this complication depends on the location of the tumour, the type of reconstruction, the total radiation dose, fractionation, and treatment techniques...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
H B Madsen, G Handberg, T Graven-Nielsen
Background/aims Exercise and experimental pain is known to cause an acute decrease of the pain sensitivity. Assessment of pain inhibitory mechanisms is often done by paradigms of exercise and experimental pain in both healthy subjects and pain patients. It is currently unknown whether pain and different types of exercise has similar effects on pain sensitivity. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of experimental pain and different types of exercise on deep tissue pain tolerance in healthy subjects...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
B Rittig-Rasmussen, H Kasch, A Fuglsang-Frederiksen, T S Jensen, P Svensson
Objective To test the effect of different neck training methods on motor evoked potentials (MEPs) from the trapezius muscle. We hypothesized that training of the trapezius muscle would significantly increase MEPs, indicating facilitation of the corticomotor pathways. Additional experiments investigated the influence of muscle strength, muscle fatigue, and correlations between MEP amplitudes and behavioral aspects of motor learning. Methods Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was used to elicit MEPs from the trapezius muscle and the abductor pollicis brevis (APB) muscle in 60 healthy subjects in three conditions: (1) specific trapezius training, (2) coordination training of the neck, and (3) no training...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Klaus Felix Stein, Adriana Miclescu
Background In recent years, multidisciplinary rehabilitation (MDR) became an alternative treatment option for chronic non-cancer pain. MDR is mostly available in specialized pain units, usually at rehabilitation centers where the level of knowledge and therapeutically options to treat pain conditions are considered to be high. There is strong evidence that MDR in specialized pain units is affecting pain and improves the quality of life in a sustainable manner. There are few studies about MDR outcome in primary health care, especially in those units situated in rural areas and with a different population than that encountered in specialized hospitals...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Stephen P Messier, Allison E Resnik, Daniel P Beavers, Shannon L Mihalko, Gary D Miller, Barbara J Nicklas, Paul DeVita, David J Hunter, Mary F Lyles, Felix Eckstein, Ali Guermazi, Richard F Loeser
OBJECTIVE: To determine the dose response to weight loss on clinical and mechanistic outcomes in overweight and obese adults with knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of the diet-only (D) and diet plus exercise (D+E) groups in the Intensive Diet and Exercise for Arthritis (IDEA) randomized controlled clinical trial. Participants were 240 overweight and obese older community-dwelling adults with pain and radiographic knee OA. Participants were divided into 4 groups according to weight loss achieved over an 18-month period; less than 5% (<5% group), between 5 and 10% (≥5% group), between 10 and 20% (≥ 10% group), and greater than 20% (≥20% group)...
June 18, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
Lucie Brosseau, Odette Thevenot, Olivia MacKiddie, Jade Taki, George A Wells, Paulette Guitard, Guillaume Léonard, Nicole Paquet, Sibel Z Aydin, Karine Toupin-April, Sabrina Cavallo, Rikke Helene Moe, Kamran Shaikh, Wendy Gifford, Laurianne Loew, Gino De Angelis, Shirin Mehdi Shallwani, Ala' S Aburub, Aline Mizusaki Imoto, Prinon Rahman, Inmaculada C Álvarez Gallardo, Milkana Borges Cosic, Nina Østerås, Sabrina Lue, Tokiko Hamasaki, Nathaly Gaudreault, Tanveer E Towheed, Sahil Koppikar, Ingvild Kjeken, Dharini Mahendira, Glen P Kenny, Gail Paterson, Marie Westby, Lucie Laferrière, Guy Longchamp
OBJECTIVE: To identify programmes involving therapeutic exercise that are effective for the management of hand osteoarthritis and to provide stakeholders with updated, moderate to high-quality recommendations supporting exercises for hand osteoarthritis. METHODS: A systematic search and adapted selection criteria included comparable trials with exercise programmes for managing hand osteoarthritis. Based on the evaluated evidence, a panel of experts reached consensus through a Delphi approach endorsing the recommendations...
June 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Laura B Meade, Lindsay M Bearne, Louise H Sweeney, Samah H Alageel, Emma L Godfrey
PURPOSE: Exercise (planned, structured, repetitive movement) improves pain and function in people with persistent musculoskeletal pain (PMSK), but adherence is often poor. This systematic review evaluates the evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effectiveness of interventions to improve exercise adherence in people with PMSK and describes the content, context, and theoretical underpinning of behaviour change interventions designed to increase adherence. METHODS: Nine electronic databases were searched from inception dates to August 2017...
June 17, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
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