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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451666/pilates-for-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Roberta Costa Espíndula, Gabriella Barbosa Nadas, Maria Inês da Rosa, Charlie Foster, Florentino Cardoso de Araújo, Antonio Jose Grande
INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer is the leading type of cancer causing death in women worldwide. The incidence of the disease is expected to grow worldwide due to the aging of the population and risk factors related to lifestyle behaviors. Considering the lifestyle of women with breast cancer before or after surgery, pilates exercise may be a complementary intervention additionally to standard treatment. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the efficacy of pilates compared to other exercises and to no exercise for women with breast cancer diagnosis...
November 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448220/trunk-postural-balance-and-low-back-pain-reliability-and-relationship-with-clinical-changes-following-a-lumbar-stabilization-exercise-program
#2
Ali Shahvarpour, Dany Gagnon, Richard Preuss, Sharon M Henry, Christian Larivière
Lumbar stabilization programs reduce pain and disability, but the mechanisms of action underlying this treatment are unknown. Trunk postural control during unstable sitting represents a surrogate measure of motor control mechanisms involved to maintain the dynamic stability of the spine. This exploratory study aimed to determine the reliability of trunk postural control measures over an 8-week interval, their sensitivity to low back pain status and treatment and their relationship with clinical outcomes. Trunk postural control measures were determined in patients with low back pain before and after an 8-week lumbar stabilization exercise program...
February 9, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447133/computerised-training-improves-cognitive-performance-in-chronic-pain-a-participant-blinded-randomised-active-controlled-trial-with-remote-supervision
#3
Katharine S Baker, Nellie Georgiou-Karistianis, Amit Lampit, Michael Valenzuela, Stephen J Gibson, Melita J Giummarra
Chronic pain is associated with reduced efficiency of cognitive performance, and few studies have investigated methods of remediation. We trialled a computerised cognitive training protocol to determine whether it could attenuate cognitive difficulties in a chronic pain sample. Thirty-nine adults with chronic pain (mean age = 43.3, 61.5% females) were randomised to an 8-week online course (3 sessions/week from home) of game-like cognitive training exercises, or an active control involving watching documentary videos...
January 11, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446252/what-is-the-effect-of-exercise-on-wound-healing-in-patients-with-venous-leg-ulcers-a-systematic-review
#4
Daisy Smith, Rebecca Lane, Rosemary McGinnes, Jane O'Brien, Renea Johnston, Lyndal Bugeja, Victoria Team, Carolina Weller
Standard best practice for the treatment of venous leg ulcers (VLUs) is compression bandaging of the lower leg to reduce hydrostatic pressure. There is considerable variation in reported healing rates when using this gold-standard approach; therefore, a systematic and robust evaluation of other interventions is required. Exercise interventions, in addition to standard compression therapy, could improve wound-healing time and prevent their recurrence. We have conducted a systematic review to examine the effects of exercise on wound characteristics, including time to heal, size and recurrence, pain, quality of life, adverse events, and economic outcomes...
February 15, 2018: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445295/the-effect-of-exercise-frequency-on-neuropathic-pain-and-pain-related-cellular-reactions-in-the-spinal-cord-and-midbrain-in-a-rat-sciatic-nerve-injury-model
#5
Megumi Sumizono, Harutoshi Sakakima, Shotaro Otsuka, Takuto Terashi, Kazuki Nakanishi, Koki Ueda, Seiya Takada, Kiyoshi Kikuchi
Background: Exercise regimens are established methods that can relieve neuropathic pain. However, the relationship between frequency and intensity of exercise and multiple cellular responses of exercise-induced alleviation of neuropathic pain is still unclear. We examined the influence of exercise frequency on neuropathic pain and the intracellular responses in a sciatic nerve chronic constriction injury (CCI) model. Materials and methods: Rats were assigned to four groups as follows: CCI and high-frequency exercise (HFE group), CCI and low-frequency exercise (LFE group), CCI and no exercise (No-Ex group), and naive animals (control group)...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444664/the-knitting-community-based-trial-for-older-women-with-osteoarthritis-of-the-hands-design-and-rationale-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Paulette Guitard, Lucie Brosseau, George A Wells, Nicole Paquet, Gail Paterson, Karine Toupin-April, Sabrina Cavallo, Sibel Z Aydin, Guillaume Léonard, Gino De Angelis
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of hand osteoarthritis (HOA) has been reported to be higher amongst women over 50 years old (66%) compared to men of the same age (34%). Although exercise therapy has been shown effective in reducing symptoms and disability associated with HOA, adherence to treatment programs remains low. The primary objective of this RCT is to examine the effectiveness of a 12-week knitting program for morning stiffness (primary outcome) and pain relief (secondary outcome) 2 h post-wakening in females (aged 50 to 85 years old) with mild to moderate hand osteoarthritis (HOA)...
February 14, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436137/caudal-and-intravenous-dexamethasone-as-an-adjuvant-to-pediatric-caudal-block-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Change Zhu, Saiji Zhang, Zhiqing Gu, Yiru Tong, Rong Wei
BACKGROUND: Dexamethasone has become a popular additive for regional anesthesia. The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the effectiveness of this additive on the duration of postoperative analgesia, postoperative vomiting, and possible adverse events in pediatrics. METHODS: We searched databases, conference records, and registered trials for randomized controlled trials. The databases included the Cochrane Library, JBI Database of Systematic Reviews, PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, Science-Direct, and Embase...
March 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435607/marked-first-degree-atrioventricular-block-and-pseudo-pacemaker-syndrome-in-a-pediatric-patient
#8
Christopher W Follansbee, Lee Beerman, Gaurav Arora
We describe a 17-year-old female who presented with 3 weeks of abdominal pain, exercise intolerance, and an episode of altered mental status found to have marked first-degree atrioventricular block. Exercise stress test and cardiac catheterization demonstrated pseudo-pacemaker syndrome, and a permanent pacemaker was placed. Following placement, she has resolution of symptoms and markedly improved exercise tolerance.
February 12, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434866/logistic-regression-analysis-of-risk-factors-for-postoperative-recurrence-of-spinal-tumors-and-analysis-of-prognostic-factors
#9
Shanyong Zhang, Lili Yang, Chuangang Peng, Minfei Wu
The aim of the present study was to investigate the risk factors for postoperative recurrence of spinal tumors by logistic regression analysis and analysis of prognostic factors. In total, 77 male and 48 female patients with spinal tumor were selected in our hospital from January, 2010 to December, 2015 and divided into the benign (n=76) and malignant groups (n=49). All the patients underwent microsurgical resection of spinal tumors and were reviewed regularly 3 months after operation. The McCormick grading system was used to evaluate the postoperative spinal cord function...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433500/effects-of-local-treatment-with-and-without-sensorimotor-and-balance-exercise-in-individuals-with-neck-pain-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Munlika Sremakaew, Gwendolen Jull, Julia Treleaven, Marco Barbero, Deborah Falla, Sureeporn Uthaikhup
BACKGROUND: Impaired cervical joint position sense and balance are associated with neck pain. Specific therapeutic exercise and manual therapy are effective for improving neck pain and functional ability but their effects on joint position sense and balance impairments remain uncertain. Changes in the joint position sense and balance may need to be addressed specifically. The primary objective is to investigate the most effective interventions to improve impaired cervical joint position sense and balance in individuals with neck pain...
February 13, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430675/ultrasound-elastographic-measurement-of-sciatic-nerve-displacement-and-shear-strain-during-active-and-passive-knee-extension
#11
Richard Ellis, Maheswaran Rohan, James Fox, Juvena Hitt, Helene Langevin, Sharon Henry
There is current need for objective measures of sciatic nerve mobility in patients with sciatic-type pain. The objective of the study was to assess the feasibility and reliability of ultrasound elastography to quantify sciatic nerve displacement and shear strain at the sciatic nerve-hamstring muscle interface during active and passive knee extension-flexion exercises performed while sitting in healthy people. Ultrasound elastography showed excellent intrarater within-session reliability for assessing sciatic nerve displacement and sciatic nerve-hamstring muscle interface shear strain during active knee extension-flexion exercises...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430052/-i-didn-t-pay-her-to-teach-me-how-to-fix-my-back-a-focused-ethnographic-study-exploring-chiropractors-and-chiropractic-patients-experiences-and-beliefs-regarding-exercise-adherence
#12
Peter Stilwell, Katherine Harman
Aim: To inform future research and exercise prescription for patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP), this study explored chiropractors' and chiropractic patients' experiences and beliefs regarding the barriers and facilitators to prescribed exercise adherence. Methods: A focused ethnographic approach was used involving 16 semi-structured interviews, including pilot interviews (n = 4) followed by interviews with chiropractors (n = 6) and chiropractic patients with CLBP (n = 6)...
December 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428927/dancing-for-healthy-aging-functional-and-metabolic-perspectives
#13
Josianne Rodrigues-Krause, Mauricio Krause, Alvaro Reischak-Oliveira
Context • Dancing has been used as a form of exercise to improve functional and metabolic outcomes during aging. The field lacks randomized, clinical trials (RCTs) evaluating metabolic outcomes related to dance interventions, but dancing may be a form of exercise that could induce positive effects on the metabolic health of older adults. However, primary studies seem very heterogonous regarding the trial designs, characteristics of the interventions, the methods for outcomes assessments, statistical powers, and methodological quality...
February 10, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427725/knee-extensor-strength-gains-mediate-symptom-improvement-in-knee-osteoarthritis-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Michelle Hall, Rana S Hinman, Tim V Wrigley, Jessica Kasza, Boon-Whatt Lim, Kim L Bennell
OBJECTIVE: To determine if an increase in knee extensor strength mediates the effect of a 12-week knee extensor strength training program on pain and physical function improvement in people with knee osteoarthritis. DESIGN: Secondary analysis from a randomised controlled trial comparing the effects of a 12-week knee extensor strengthening exercise program to a control group with no intervention. METHODS: Data from participants with complete data (n=97) enrolled in a previous clinical trial were analysed...
February 7, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425326/test-retest-reliabilty-of-exercise-induced-hypoalgesia-after-aerobic-exercise
#15
Henrik Bjarke Vaegter, Daniel Bandholtz Dørge, Kristian Sonne Schmidt, Anders Haagen Jensen, Thomas Graven-Nielsen
Objective: Exercise increases pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) in exercising and nonexercising muscles, known as exercise-induced hypoalgesia (EIH). No studies have investigated the test-retest reliability of change in PPTs after aerobic exercise. Primary objectives were to compare the effect on PPTs after an incremental bicycling exercise compared with quiet rest and to investigate the relative and absolute test-retest reliability of the test stimulus (PPT) and the absolute and relative EIH response in exercising and nonexercising muscles...
February 7, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424164/-research-progress-on-the-etiology-and-treatment-of-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome
#16
REVIEW
Li-Hua Cui
Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is one of the most common diseases that cause pain in the knee joint. At present, there is no specific diagnostic measure. The diagnosis of patellofemoral pain syndrome may be considered when imaging is performed without cartilage, ligament and soft tissue injuries. The etiology includes abnormalities of the patellar motion caused by various anatomical abnormalities, such as abnormal patellar position, increased Q angle, and excessive valgus foot. Dysfunction of the lower extremity muscles such as the imbalance of the four biceps and the dysfunction of the gluteal muscles also play an important role in the development of patellofemoral pain syndrome...
July 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424155/-clinical-observation-on-the-effect-of-joint-mobilization-in-treating-elderly-patients-after-distal-radius-fractures-operation
#17
Xue-Feng Jia, Hong-Xin Cai, Ge-Sheng Lin, Ji-Shi Fang, Yong Wang, Zhi-Yong Wu, Xu-Hui Tu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of joint mobilization on postoperative wrist joint function, pain and grip strength for elderly patients with distal radius fracture. METHODS: From January 2015 to June 2016, a total of 67 elderly patients with distal radius fracture were randomly divided into routine exercise group and joint mobilization group. Among them, 37 patients in the routine exercise group underwent conventional distal radius fracture postoperative joint function exercise regimen, including 16 males and 21 females with a mean age of (67...
July 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424151/-treatment-of-humeral-shaft-fractures-in-children-with-closed-reduction-and-external-fixation
#18
Chao-Feng Zhao, Quan-Yang Gao, Tian-Jian Zhang, Lu-Li Han, Jun-Feng Zhao, Gang Chen, Yu Cui
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical effect of closed reduction and minimally invasive treatment of humeral shaft fractures in children. METHODS: From July 2011 to April 2015, 39 cases of pediatric humeral shaft fractures were treated by closed reduction and external fixation, including 27 males and 12 females with a mean age of 8.6 years old ranging from 3 to 14 years old. Time from injury to the treatment was 2 h to 7 days with an average of 2.7 days. There were 6 cases of upper fracture, 21 cases of middle fracture and 12 cases of lower fracture...
July 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422040/combined-diet-and-physical-activity-is-better-than-diet-or-physical-activity-alone-at-improving-health-outcomes-for-patients-in-new-zealand-s-primary-care-intervention
#19
Catherine Anne Elliot, Michael John Hamlin
BACKGROUND: A dearth of knowledge exists regarding how multiple health behavior changes made within an exercise prescription programme can improve health parameters. This study aimed to analyse the impact of changing diet and increasing exercise on health improvements among exercise prescription patients. METHODS: In 2016, a representative sample of all enroled New Zealand exercise prescription programme (Green Prescription) patients were surveyed (N = 1488, 29% male, 46% ≥ 60 yr)...
February 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421851/respiratory-characteristics-of-individuals-with-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Vikram Mohan, Aatit Paungmali, Patraporn Sitilerpisan, Ummi F Hashim, Munifa B Mazlan, Tuan N Nasuha
Non-specific low back pain (NS-LBP) is known to cause respiratory dysfunction. In this study, we investigated alterations in breathing, respiratory strength and endurance, core stability, diaphragm mobility, and chest expansion among patients with NS-LBP and healthy individuals. The specific aim of the study was to correlate between respiratory function and other variables among NS-LBP patients. Thirty four patients with NS-LBP were matched with 34 healthy participants before undergoing total faulty breathing scale, spirometer, respiratory pressure meter, chest expansion, ultrasound, and pressure biofeedback measurements...
February 8, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
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