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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053873/exercise-for-the-prevention-of-low-back-pain-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-controlled-trials
#1
Rahman Shiri, David Coggon, Kobra Falah-Hassani
The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the effect of exercise in population-based interventions to prevent low back pain (LBP) and associated disability. Comprehensive literature searches were conducted in multiple databases including PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library from their inception through June 2017. Thirteen randomized controlled trials and three non-randomized controlled trials qualified for meta-analyses. Exercise alone reduced the risk of LBP by 33% (risk ratio = 0...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052519/circuit-training-enhances-function-in-patients-undergoing-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Wei-Hsiu Hsu, Wei-Bin Hsu, Wun-Jer Shen, Zin-Rong Lin, Shr-Hsin Chang, Robert Wen-Wei Hsu
BACKGROUND: The number of patients receiving total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has been rising every year due to the aging population and the obesity epidemic. Post-operative rehabilitation is important for the outcome of TKA. METHODS: A series of 34 patients who underwent primary unilateral TKA was retrospectively collected and divided into either exercise group (n = 16) and control group (n = 18). The exercise group underwent a 24-week course of circuit training beginning 3 months after total knee arthroplasty (TKA)...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052033/a-random-perturbation-therapy-in-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain-patients-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Adamantios Arampatzis, Arno Schroll, Maria Moreno Catalá, Gunnar Laube, Sabine Schüler, Karsten Dreinhofer
The purpose of the study was to assess the effectiveness of a specific rehabilitation therapy for chronic non-specific low-back pain patients, based on a random/irregular functional perturbation training induced by force disturbances to the spine. Forty patients (20 controls and 20 in the perturbation-based group) finished the whole experimental design. A random-perturbation exercise, which included variable and unpredictable disturbances, was implemented in the therapy of the perturbation-based group (13 weeks, two times per week and 1...
October 19, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050507/effectiveness-of-an-overall-progressive-resistance-strength-program-for-improving-the-functional-capacity-of-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Felipe Martinelli Lourenzi, Anamaria Jones, Daniele Freitas Pereira, João Henrique Costa Alves Dos Santos, Rita Nely Vilar Furtado, Jamil Natour
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of overall progressive resistance training in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. DESIGN: Randomized controlled clinical trial with blinded assessor and intention-to-treat analysis. SETTING: Outpatient clinics. SUBJECTS: Sixty patients with rheumatoid arthritis according to the American College of Rheumatology criteria, aged between 18 and 65 years old, under stable medication and not performing regular physical activity were randomized into two groups: intervention group (IG) and control group (CG)...
November 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048942/comparison-of-2-exercise-rehabilitation-programs-for-multidirectional-instability-of-the-glenohumeral-joint-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Sarah A Warby, Jon J Ford, Andrew J Hahne, Lyn Watson, Simon Balster, Ross Lenssen, Tania Pizzari
BACKGROUND: The recommended initial treatment for multidirectional instability (MDI) of the shoulder is a rehabilitation program, yet there is very low-quality evidence to support this approach. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose was to compare the Watson MDI program and Rockwood Instability program among patients with nontraumatic, nonstructural MDI. The hypothesis was that the Watson MDI program would produce clinically and statistically superior outcomes over the Rockwood Instability program...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045952/-progress-in-diagnosis-and-management-of-syncope-in-children
#6
W R Xu, Y Liao, H F Jin, Q Y Zhang, C S Tang, J B DU
Syncope is a common emergency of children and adolescents, which has serious influence on the quality of life. Neurally-mediated syncope, including postural tachycardia syndrome, vasovagal syncope, orthostatic hypotension and orthostatic hypertension, is the main cause of syncope in children and adolescents. The main manifestations of neurally-mediated syncope are diverse, such as dizziness, headache, chest tightness, chest pain, pale complexion, fatigue, pre-syncope and syncope. Although the clinical manifestations are similar, each subtype of syncope has its hemodynamic feature and optimal treatment option...
October 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044337/beneficial-effects-of-intradialytic-cardiopulmonary-rehabilitation
#7
Bruno Medeiros Guio, Carlos Perez Gomes, Fabio Brandão da Costa, Adriana Dos Santos de Oliveira, Marta Turano Duarte, Maurilo Leite
INTRODUCTION: Patients on hemodialysis (HD) present high mortality from cardiovascular complications and high morbidity, including decreasing functional capacity and quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To analyze clinical and laboratory responses of patients in HD to intradialytic cardiopulmonary rehabilitation on an outpatient basis. METHODS: We evaluated 14 patients in a prospective study for 8 months using cardiopulmonary rehabilitation protocol (CRehab) consisted of intradialytic aerobic exercise with a cycle ergometer...
July 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042172/effect-of-upper-limb-rehabilitation-compared-to-no-upper-limb-rehabilitation-in-lung-transplant-recipients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
L M Fuller, D El-Ansary, B M Button, M Corbett, G Snell, S Marasco, A E Holland
OBJECTIVE: to investigate effects of a supervised UL exercise program (SULP) versus no supervised UL exercise program (NULP) after lung transplantation (LTX). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial SETTING: Physiotherapy gym PARTICIPANTS: Post LTX>18years, N=80 INTERVENTION: All participants underwent lower limb strength thrice weekly and endurance training. Participants randomised to supervised upper limb program (SULP) completed progressive UL strength training program using hand weights & adjustable pulley equipment...
October 14, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042092/quality-of-life-after-surgical-treatment-of-coarctation-in-long-term-follow-up-coafu-predictive-value-of-clinical-variables
#9
Pinar Bambul Heck, Jelena Pabst von Ohain, Harald Kaemmerer, Peter Ewert, Alfred Hager
BACKGROUND: We sought to analyze the quality of life and the predictive value of clinical variables from previous follow-up study in patients late after surgical treatment of aortic coarctation on the quality of life. METHODS: All patients, who have participated in the prospective cross-sectional COALA Study in 2000 with a structural clinical investigation including blood pressure measurement and symptom-limited exercise test were contacted for the health-related quality of life questionnaire SF-36 from January 2013 through December 2014...
October 9, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041947/the-fear-reduction-exercised-early-free-approach-to-low-back-pain-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Ben Darlow, James Stanley, Sarah Dean, J Haxby Abbott, Sue Garrett, Fiona Mathieson, Anthony Dowell
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a major health issue associated with considerable health loss and societal costs. General practitioners (GPs) play an important role in the management of LBP; however, GP care has not been shown to be the most cost-effective approach unless exercise and behavioural counselling are added to usual care. The Fear Reduction Exercised Early (FREE) approach to LBP has been developed to assist GPs to manage LBP by empowering exploration and management of psychosocial barriers to recovery and provision of evidence-based care and information...
October 17, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039835/-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-lower-extremity-atherosclerosis-during-standard-treatment-and-therapeutic-angiogenesis
#11
Yu V Chervyakov, O N Vlasenko
AIM: To compare the impact of standard conservative treatment (SCT) and its combination with therapeutic angiogenesis for 3 to 5 years on quality of life in patients with Stage II (according to the classification developed by A.V. Pokrovsky-Fontaine) lower extremity atherosclerosis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 92 patients (69 men and 23 women) (mean age 65.2±7.7 years) were examined and divided into 2 groups of 46 people each. Only SCT (statins at an individually adjusted dose, antiaggregants, and graded exercise walking 3 to 5 km daily were used in Group 1; while Group 2 received SCT in combination with double injection of a plasmid-based VEGF165 gene drug (1...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038868/the-global-spine-care-initiative-a-review-of-reviews-and-recommendations-for-the-non-invasive-management-of-acute-osteoporotic-vertebral-compression-fracture-pain-in-low-and-middle-income-communities
#12
REVIEW
Arthur Ameis, Kristi Randhawa, Hainan Yu, Pierre Côté, Scott Haldeman, Roger Chou, Eric L Hurwitz, Margareta Nordin, Jessica J Wong, Heather M Shearer, Anne Taylor-Vaisey
PURPOSE: The purpose of this review was to develop recommendations for non-invasive management of pain due to osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF) that could be applied in medically underserved areas and low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and best evidence synthesis of systematic reviews on the non-invasive management of OVCF. Eligible reviews were critically appraised using the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network criteria...
October 16, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037845/implementing-core-nice-guidelines-for-osteoarthritis-in-primary-care-with-a-model-consultation-mosaics-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
K S Dziedzic, E L Healey, M Porcheret, E K Afolabi, M Lewis, A Morden, C Jinks, G A McHugh, S Ryan, A Finney, C Main, J J Edwards, Z Paskins, A Pushpa-Rajah, E M Hay
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of a model osteoarthritis consultation, compared with usual care, on physical function and uptake of NICE osteoarthritis recommendations, in adults ≥45 years consulting with peripheral joint pain in UK general practice. METHOD: Two-arm cluster-randomised controlled trial with baseline health survey. Eight general practices in England. PARTICIPANTS: 525 adults ≥45 years consulting for peripheral joint pain, amongst 28,443 population survey recipients...
October 13, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037653/adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-the-tethered-spine-iii-is-fascial-spiral-the-key
#14
Lucy Whyte Ferguson
This article reports on an observational and treatment case series involving 22 adolescents and preadolescents treated over a 15 year period who had or appeared to be developing idiopathic scoliosis (IS). Common patterns of muscle and fascial asymmetry were observed and treated. Most of these individuals had spinal area pain and the trigger points (TrPs) apparently responsible for this pain were located in muscles at some distance from the spine, yet referred pain to locations throughout the thoracolumbar spine...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037640/effect-of-movement-control-and-stabilization-exercises-in-people-with-extension-related-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-pilot-study
#15
Sara Salamat, Saeed Talebian, Hosein Bagheri, Nader Maroufi, Mohammad Jafar Shaterzadeh, Gitta Kalbasi, Kieran O'Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Exercise is considered an effective treatment strategy for non-specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP).background In spite of the wide use of exercise protocols, it is not clear what type of exercise is more effective in decreasing pain, disability and normalizing muscle activation patterns in people with chronic low back pain. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of two exercise protocols (stabilization vs movement control) on pain and disability scores and the flexion relaxation ratio (FRR) of lumbar multifidus (LM) and iliocostalis lumbarum pars thoracic (ICLT) in people with extension related non-specific chronic low back pain...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037638/the-effects-of-clinical-pilates-exercises-on-patients-with-shoulder-pain-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#16
Esra Atılgan, Aydan Aytar, Aslıcan Çağlar, Ayça Aytar Tığlı, Gamze Arın, Gökmen Yapalı, Pınar Kısacık, Utku Berberoğlu, Hülya Özlem Şener, Edibe Ünal
AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of Clinical Pilates exercises on patients with shoulder pain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-three patients, experiencing shoulder pain continuously for at least four weeks were selected as study subjects. The patients were randomly divided into two groups, namely Clinical Pilates exercise (n = 17) group and conventional exercise (n = 16) group. The patients were treated for five days a week, the total treatment being carried out for 10 days...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037637/effect-of-yoga-on-the-menstrual-pain-physical-fitness-and-quality-of-life-of-young-women-with-primary-dysmenorrhea
#17
Ponlapat Yonglitthipagon, Somruthai Muansiangsai, Wilanee Wongkhumngern, Wanida Donpunha, Raoyrin Chanavirut, Wantana Siritaratiwat, Lukana Mato, Wichai Eungpinichpong, Taweesak Janyacharoen
The aim of the present study was to investigate effect of specially designed yoga program on the menstrual pain, physical fitness, and quality of life (QOL) of non-athlete women with primary dysmenorrhea (PD) aged 18-22 years. Thirty-four volunteers were randomly assigned into control and yoga groups. Menstrual pain, physical fitness, and QOL were evaluated at baseline and at the end of the 12-week study period. The yoga group was asked to practice yoga for 30 min per day, twice a week, for 12 weeks at home, while the control group did not receive any form of exercise over the study period...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037627/does-ultrasound-therapy-add-to-the-effects-of-exercise-and-mobilization-in-frozen-shoulder-a-pilot-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#18
Safoora Ebadi, Bijan Forogh, Ehsan Fallah, Arash Babaei Ghazani
OBJECTIVE: This study intended to determine the extent to which Ultrasound could add to the effects of exercise and manual therapy in the rehabilitation treatment of primary adhesive capsulitis. DESIGN: A pilot double blind randomized clinical trial was carried out on 50 patients suffering from primary adhesive capsulitis. Intervention included continuous 3 MHz, 1.5 w/cm(2) Ultrasound, applied for the first group and sham Ultrasound for the second group. In addition specific stretching and strengthening exercises as well as glenohumeral joint mobilization were delivered to both groups...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037487/-chronic-chest-pain-after-rib-fracture-it-can-cause-a-disability
#19
S Rabiou, Y Ouadnouni, M Lakranbi, A Traibi, F Antoini, M Smahi
INTRODUCTION: The rib fractures and instability of the chest wall are the main lesions of closed chest trauma. These lesions can be a source of chronic, often disabling with daily discomfort resulting limitation of some activities. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of this phenomenon in order to improve the quality of early care. METHODOLOGY: Through an observational retrospective cohort study on a number of 41 patients supported and monitored for traumatic rib fractures at the Military Hospital of Meknes during the period from October 2010 to March 2016...
October 13, 2017: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037252/experiences-of-midwives-on-pharmacological-and-non-pharmacological-labour-pain-management-in-ghana
#20
Lydia Aziato, Abigail A Kyei, Godsway Deku
BACKGROUND: Due to the debilitating effects of severe labour pains, labour pain management continues to be an important subject that requires much attention. Thus, this study sought to gain a detailed insight into the experiences of midwives on pharmacological and non-pharmacological labour pain management strategies in a resource limited clinical context. METHODS: A descriptive exploratory qualitative design was adopted for this study which allowed in-depth follow-up of the midwives' comments resulting in a full understanding of emerging findings...
October 16, 2017: Reproductive Health
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