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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785689/complications-of-feeding-jejunostomy-tubes-in-patients-with-gastroesophageal-cancer
#1
Audrey H Choi, Michael P O'Leary, Shaila J Merchant, Virginia Sun, Joseph Chao, Dan J Raz, Jae Y Kim, Joseph Kim
BACKGROUND: Feeding jejunostomy tubes (FJT) in patients undergoing resection of gastroesophageal cancers facilitate perioperative nutrition. Data regarding FJT use and complications are limited. STUDY DESIGN: A single institution review was performed for patients who underwent perioperative FJT placement for gastrectomy or esophagogastrectomy from 2007 to 2015. FJT-related and unrelated complications were evaluated. RESULTS: FJTs were inserted for total/completion gastrectomy (n = 49/117, 41...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713763/in-hospital-costs-of-an-admission-for-adhesive-small-bowel-obstruction
#2
Pepijn Krielen, Barend A van den Beukel, Martijn W J Stommel, Harry van Goor, Chema Strik, Richard P G Ten Broek
BACKGROUND: Previous research on the costs of treatment for ASBO is outdated and often based on reimbursements, rather than true healthcare provider costs of the admission and related interventions. An accurate estimate of the true costs of treatment is necessary to understand the healthcare burden and to model cost-efficacy of adhesion strategies. The aim of this study was to provide an accurate cost estimate of the in-hospital costs for treatment of adhesive small bowel obstruction (ASBO) using micro-costing methods...
2016: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27467058/foley-catheters-as-temporary-gastrostomy-tubes-experience-of-a-nurse-led-service
#3
Adli Metussin, Rusanah Sia, Suriawati Bakar, Vui Heng Chong
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube is the modality of choice for long-term enteral nutrition. In the event that replacement tubes are not available, urinary catheters can be used to maintain patency of the gastrostomy tract. This study reports our experience in a nurse-led service using Foley catheters as temporary gastrostomy tubes and the associated complications. Patients who had used Foley catheter as gastrostomy tube over a 2-year period (Jan 2011 to December 2012) were studied. Twenty-one patients had used Foley catheters as a temporary gastrostomy tube, and 12 (57...
July 2016: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26851305/dietary-fatty-acid-composition-affects-food-intake-and-gut-brain-satiety-signaling-in-senegalese-sole-solea-senegalensis-kaup-1858-larvae-and-post-larvae
#4
Kruno Bonacic, Cindy Campoverde, Javier Gómez-Arbonés, Enric Gisbert, Alicia Estevez, Sofia Morais
Little is known how dietary lipids affect food intake during larval development of fish, especially with regard to fatty acid (FA) composition. In fact, very little work has been done on appetite regulation and food intake in fish larvae in general, due to biological and technical difficulties associated with this type of studies. A new method using fluorescent microspheres as markers was developed in this study to evaluate food intake and prey selectivity of Senegalese sole larvae and post-larvae. Food intake was quantified in fish fed Artemia metanauplii enriched with oils differing in FA profile: cod liver oil (CLO), linseed oil (LSO), soybean oil (SBO) or olive oil (OO)...
March 1, 2016: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26603727/pelvic-floor-dysfunction-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#5
A Bondurri, A Maffioli, P Danelli
Advances in tailored medical therapy and introduction of biologic agents for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) treatment have ensured long-term disease remission. Some patients, however, still report defecatory symptoms. Patients present with a wide spectrum of conditions - anal incontinence, obstructed defecation and pelvic pain among the most frequent - that have a great impact on their quality of life. Due to IBD diagnosis, little relevance is attributed to this type of symptoms and their epidemiologic distribution is unknown...
December 2015: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26300883/dietary-mannan-oligosaccharides-counteracting-the-side-effects-of-soybean-meal-oil-inclusion-on-european-sea-bass-dicentrarchus-labrax-gut-health-and-skin-mucosa-mucus-production
#6
Silvia Torrecillas, Daniel Montero, Maria José Caballero, Karin A Pittman, Marco Custódio, Aurora Campo, John Sweetman, Marisol Izquierdo
The main objective of this study was to assess the effects of 4 g kg(-1) dietary mannan oligosaccharides (MOS) inclusion in soybean oil (SBO)- and fish oil (FO)-based diets on the gut health and skin mucosa mucus production of European sea bass juveniles after 8 weeks of feeding. Dietary MOS, regardless of the oil source, promoted growth. The intestinal somatic index was not affected, however dietary SBO reduced the intestinal fold length, while dietary MOS increased it. The dietary oil source fed produced changes on the posterior intestine fatty acid profiles irrespective of MOS dietary supplementation...
2015: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26220434/free-jejunal-flap-for-pharyngoesophageal-reconstruction-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-an-evaluation-of-donor-site-complications
#7
Shantanu N Razdan, Claudia R Albornoz, Evan Matros, Philip B Paty, Peter G Cordeiro
BACKGROUND: Free jejunal transfer for pharyngoesophageal reconstruction has often been criticized for its associated donor-site morbidity. Conversely, the same argument has been invoked to support use of fasciocutaneous flaps, given their low incidence of donor-site complications. The purpose of the current study was to document donor-site complication rate with free jejunal flaps for pharyngoesophageal reconstruction, in the hands of an experienced surgeon. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed for consecutive patients who underwent free jejunal transfer between 1992 and 2012 by the senior author (P...
November 2015: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26115305/feedlot-performance-and-carcass-traits-of-hairbreed-ewe-lambs-in-response-to-zilpaterol-hydrochloride-and-soybean-oil-supplementation
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
J L Dávila-Ramírez, U Macías-Cruz, N G Torrentera-Olivera, H González-Ríos, E A Peña-Ramos, S A Soto-Navarro, L Avendaño-Reyes
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of zilpaterol hydrochloride (ZH; 0 or 10 mg/lamb daily) and soybean oil (SBO; 0 or 6%) supplementation on feedlot performance, carcass traits, and wholesale cut yield of 32 Dorper × Pelibuey ewe lambs (30.55 ± 2. 57 kg of initial BW). Lambs were blocked by BW and randomly assigned to treatments under a randomized complete block design with a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement. After a 34-d feeding period, all ewes were slaughtered. No ZH × SBO interactions were detected (P ≥ 0...
June 2015: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25912868/inclusion-of-tallow-and-soybean-oil-to-calf-starters-fed-to-dairy-calves-from-birth-to-four-months-of-age-on-calf-performance-and-digestion
#9
T M Hill, H G Bateman, J M Aldrich, J D Quigley, R L Schlotterbeck
Energy demands for calves can increase during periods of heat and cold stress. One way to potentially increase energy intake is to increase the energy density of the feed with fat. Trial 1a compared a control starter with no added fat or oil (CON) to starters with 2% tallow (TAL) and 2% soybean oil (SBO). Starters were 20% crude protein (CP) and 45 to 47% starch. Male Holstein calves that were initially 3 to 5d of age were fed a 27% CP, 17% fat milk replacer at 0.66kg of dry matter daily and fully weaned by 42d of a 56-d trial...
July 2015: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25829884/resolution-of-refractory-superior-mesenteric-artery-syndrome-with-laparoscopic-duodenojejunostomy-pediatric-case-series-with-spectrum-of-clinical-imaging
#10
Jessica L Record, Brian G Morris, Vincent R Adolph
BACKGROUND: Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome is an uncommon condition resulting in partial small bowel obstruction because of external compression of the third portion of the duodenum between the SMA anteriorly and the aorta posteriorly. SMA syndrome often presents with postprandial nausea, bilious vomiting, and abdominal pain with associated weight loss. Onset of symptoms can be acute (occurring in the setting of rapid weight loss because of trauma/surgery) or can be vague and chronic over many years...
2015: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25801114/outcomes-of-laparoscopic-feeding-jejunostomy-tube-placement-in-299-patients
#11
Monica T Young, Hung Troung, Alana Gebhart, Anderson Shih, Ninh T Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Jejunostomy catheters for jejunal feeding are an effective method to improve nutritional status in malnourish patients. However, this procedure is commonly being performed using an open approach, which can be associated with more postoperative pain and prolonged recovery. The objective of this study was to assess the outcomes of patients who underwent placement of feeding jejunostomy using a laparoscopic approach. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of patients who underwent laparoscopic jejunostomy tube placement between 1998 and 2014...
January 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25743337/a-dietary-dairy-yeast-prebiotic-and-flaxseed-oil-enhance-growth-hematological-and-immunological-parameters-in-channel-catfish-at-a-suboptimal-temperature-15%C3%A2-c
#12
M Thompson, R Lochmann, H Phillips, T D Sink
Channel catfish raised in the southern United States require two growing seasons to reach market size. Growing seasons are separated by a cool period of about 3 months when feed intake and growth are greatly reduced. A cool-weather feeding strategy to improve feed intake, growth or health of catfish might improve survival and reduce the time needed to achieve market size. We conducted a feeding trial with channel catfish at a suboptimal temperature (15°C) to determine the effects of supplementing diets with either a dairy/yeast prebiotic or flaxseed oil (high in 18:3n-3) compared with a control with soybean oil (high in 18:2n-6)...
July 2015: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25526605/secondary-plastic-closure-of-gastroschisis-is-associated-with-a-lower-incidence-of-mechanical-ventilation
#13
Anne Dariel, Wannisa Poocharoen, Nicole de Silva, Hazel Pleasants, Justin Ted Gerstle
INTRODUCTION: Nonsurgical closure after primary silo placement, secondary plastic closure (SPC), has been used as an alternative to secondary surgical closure (SSC) in gastroschisis. The benefits described were closure without formal surgical procedure, cosmetic aspect, and minimization of intra-abdominal pressures. This study compared requirements for mechanical ventilation and general anesthesia, nutritional care, and outcomes between SPC and SSC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included patients with primary staged-silo reduction with a 1-year minimum follow-up...
February 2015: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25396004/comparing-methods-of-ileostomy-closure-constructed-in-colorectal-surgery-in-turkey
#14
Bulent Dinc, Nurettin Ay, Huseyin Ciyiltepe
INTRODUCTION: Stoma construction is a life saver method for emergent and elective operations in colorectal surgery. However, they are associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. AIM: To compare the operative findings, early postoperative complications, and costs of stapled and hand-sewn closures in loop ileostomies that are constructed in emergent and elective colorectal surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The data of 68 patients requiring loop ileostomies during colorectal surgery were retrospectively evaluated...
2014: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25223569/conservative-treatment-of-adhesive-small-bowel-obstruction-in-children-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Lung-Huang Lin, Chee-Yew Lee, Min-Hsuan Hung, Der-Fang Chen
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of conservative treatment for adhesive small bowel obstruction (ASBO) in children. DESIGN: Systematic review of studies involved children with ASBO who received initial conservative/non-operative treatment. SETTING: The search was performed in April 2013 using PubMed (see online supplementary file 1), current contents, and the Cochrane database. PARTICIPANTS: Children with ASBO...
September 15, 2014: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25059825/tis7-deletion-reduces-survival-and-induces-intestinal-anastomotic-inflammation-and-obstruction-in-high-fat-diet-fed-mice-with-short-bowel-syndrome
#16
Amy M Garcia, Derek Wakeman, Jianyun Lu, Christopher Rowley, Taylor Geisman, Catherine Butler, Shashi Bala, Elzbieta A Swietlicki, Brad W Warner, Marc S Levin, Deborah C Rubin
Effective therapies are limited for patients with parenteral nutrition-dependent short bowel syndrome. We previously showed that intestinal expression of the transcriptional coregulator tetradecanoyl phorbol acetate-induced sequence 7 (tis7) is markedly increased during the adaptive response following massive small bowel resection and tis7 plays a role in normal gut lipid metabolism. Here, we further explore the functional implications of tis7 deletion in intestinal lipid metabolism and the adaptive response following small bowel resection...
September 15, 2014: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24774835/effects-of-dietary-microencapsulated-sodium-butyrate-on-growth-intestinal-mucosal-morphology-immune-response-and-adhesive-bacteria-in-juvenile-common-carp-cyprinus-carpio-pre-fed-with-or-without-oxidised-oil
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Wenshu Liu, Yanou Yang, Jianli Zhang, Delbert M Gatlin, Einar Ringø, Zhigang Zhou
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of different dietary sustained-release microencapsulated sodium butyrate (MSB) products (0 (non-supplement), 1·5 and 3·0 h) for a control or oxidised soyabean oil (SBO) diet on fish production, intestinal mucosal condition, immunity and intestinal bacteria in juvenile common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Dietary MSB increased weight gain and reduced the feed conversion ratio within the control and oxidised SBO groups. Gut mucosa was damaged in the oxidised SBO group fed without MSB, in contrast to a normal appearance found in fish fed the MSB1·5 and MSB3·0 diets in the oxidised SBO group...
July 14, 2014: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24671819/-role-of-the-small-intestinal-decompression-tube-and-gastrografin-in-the-treatment-of-early-postoperative-inflammatory-small-bowel-obstruction
#18
Wei Li, Zhixia Li, Dali An, Jing Liu, Xiaohu Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of the small intestinal decompression tube (SIDT) and Gastrografin in the treatment of early postoperative inflammatory small bowel obstruction (EPISBO). METHODS: Twelve patients presented EPISBO after abdominal surgery in our department from April 2011 to July 2012. Initially, nasogastric tube decompression and other conventional conservative treatment were administrated. After 14 days, obstruction symptom improvement was not obvious, then the SIDT was used...
March 2014: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24496845/effects-of-zilpaterol-hydrochloride-and-soybean-oil-supplementation-on-feedlot-performance-and-carcass-characteristics-of-hair-breed-ram-lambs-under-heat-stress-conditions
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
J L Dávila-Ramírez, U Macías-Cruz, N G Torrentera-Olivera, H González-Ríos, S A Soto-Navarro, R Rojo-Rubio, L Avendaño-Reyes
Forty Dorper × Pelibuey ram lambs initially weighing 31.7 ± 2.30 kg were stratified by BW and randomly assigned to treatments under a completely randomized design with a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments to evaluate effects of zilpaterol hydrochloride (ZH; 0 or 10 mg/lamb daily) and soybean oil (SBO; 0 or 6%) on feedlot performance, carcass characteristics, and wholesale cut yield of ram lambs under heat stress conditions. After a 34-d feeding period, all lambs were harvested. Climatic conditions were of moderate heat stress (average temperature 35...
March 2014: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24456355/superiority-of-traditional-cooking-process-for-bugak-korean-traditional-fried-dish-for-plasma-lipid-reduction
#20
Mijeong Kim, Sun Hee Hong, Lana Chung, Jeong-Eun Yang, Eunok Choe, Yeong Ok Song
In this study, the efficacy and mode of action of the Korean traditional fried dish bugak for reducing plasma lipids are investigated. Three different studies were performed as follows: lipid-lowering effects of bugak compared with (1) different preparation methods, (2) different batters, and (3) different frying oils. Traditionally, bugak is prepared with fermented glutinous rice batter (FGR) and pan-fried in unroasted sesame oil (USSO; this preparation of bugak is referred to as FGRUSSO). FGR is prepared by placing the glutinous rice and water in a crock for 7 days at room temperature...
January 2014: Journal of Medicinal Food
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