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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682387/surgical-management-of-encapsulating-peritoneal-sclerosis-a-case-report-in-kidney-transplant-patient
#1
R Shahbazov, M Talanian, J L Alejo, F Azari, A Agarwal, K L Brayman
Introduction: Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a clinical syndrome of progressive fibrotic change in response to prolonged, repetitive, and typically severe insult to the peritoneal mesothelium, often occurring in the setting of peritoneal dialysis (PD). Clear guidelines for successful management remain elusive. We describe the successful surgical management of EPS in a 28-year-old male s/p deceased donor kidney transplant for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) secondary to focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS)...
2018: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489656/the-impact-of-early-enteral-nutrition-on-pediatric-patients-undergoing-gastrointestinal-anastomosis-a-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#2
Qingjuan Shang, Qiankun Geng, Xuebing Zhang, Hongfang Xu, Chunbao Guo
This study was conducted to assess the clinical advantages of early enteral nutrition (EEN) in pediatric patients who underwent surgery with gastrointestinal (GI) anastomosis.EEN has been associated with clinical benefits in various aspect of surgical intervention, including GI function recovery and postoperative complications reduction. Evaluable data documenting clinical advantages with EEN for pediatric patients after surgery with GI anastomosis are limited.We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 575 pediatric patients undergoing surgical intervention with GI anastomosis...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473916/effects-of-diets-differing-in-composition-of-18-c-fatty-acids-on-adipose-tissue-thermogenic-gene-expression-in-mice-fed-high-fat-diets
#3
Sunhye Shin, Kolapo M Ajuwon
Dietary fatty acids play important roles in the regulation of fat accumulation or metabolic phenotype of adipocytes, either as brown or beige fat. However, a systematic comparison of effects of diets with different composition of 18-C fatty acids on browning/beiging phenotype has not been done. In this study, we compared the effects of different dietary fats, rich in specific 18-carbon fatty acids, on thermogenesis and lipid metabolism. Male C57BL/6 mice were fed a control diet containing 5.6% kcal fat from lard and 4...
February 23, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120518/small-bowel-obstruction-after-transoral-robotic-surgery
#4
Joseph McClellan, Virginie Achim, Daniel Clayburgh
BACKGROUND: Head and neck surgery is not often considered a risk factor for intestinal ileus and small bowel obstruction. However, many of these patients may have had prior abdominal surgery, a known risk factor for small bowel obstruction, and may be at risk for bowel obstruction after a surgical procedure of the head and neck. METHODS: We present a case describing a patient who, after undergoing transoral robotic surgery, experienced delayed postoperative ileus and eventual small bowel obstruction requiring exploratory laparotomy and bowel resection...
January 2018: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956144/does-diverting-ileostomy-improve-the-outcome-in-children-with-tuberculous-small-bowel-obstruction-requiring-surgical-intervention
#5
Rizwan Ahmad Khan, Shagufta Wahab, Imran Ghani
INTRODUCTION: Abdominal tuberculosis is fairly common in children. The most common clinical presentation is bowel obstruction. Depending upon the presentation, the intestinal obstruction can be either managed conservatively or by operative intervention. There are various options in patients who undergo operative treatment. This study was undertaken to analyze the results of operative intervention with and without ileostomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study carried out over a period of 10 years on 32 children who were operated for small bowel obstruction due to abdominal tuberculosis...
November 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929778/direct-percutaneous-endoscopic-jejunostomy-should-we-move-on-to-single-and-double-balloon-enteroscopy-techniques
#6
Klaus Mönkemüller, Carolina Olano, Steffen Rickes
Direct percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy (DPEJ) is a useful technique to access the jejunum in order to: a) provide enteral nutrition to individuals when the gastric route is absent or contraindicated; and b) to decompress the jejunum in patients with malignant small bowel obstruction. Traditionally, DPEJ is performed using a colonoscope or enteroscope, which is advanced as deep as possible into the jejunum. The insertion technique of the feeding tube is identical to the one used for a gastrostomy tube (Ponsky-Gauderer method)...
October 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914474/determination-of-net-energy-content-of-soybean-oil-fed-to-growing-pigs-using-indirect-calorimetry
#7
Enkai Li, Zhiqian Lv, Hu Liu, Ling Liu, Yakui Li, Zhongchao Li, Fenglai Wang, Defa Li, Shuai Zhang
The objectives of this experiment were: (i) to determine the net energy (NE) of soybean oil (SBO) fed to growing pigs using indirect calorimetry (IC); and (ii) to evaluate the effects of inclusion rate of SBO on heat production, oxidative status and nutrient digestibility in growing pigs. Eighteen growing barrows were allotted to three diets based on completely randomized design with six replicate pigs (period) per diet. Diets included a corn-soybean meal basal diet and two test diets containing 5% or 10% SBO at the expense of corn and soybean meal...
January 2018: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888601/interaction-of-potassium-carbonate-and-soybean-oil-supplementation-on-performance-of-early-lactation-dairy-cows-fed-a-high-concentrate-diet
#8
A R Alfonso-Avila, E Baumann, É Charbonneau, P Y Chouinard, G F Tremblay, R Gervais
Potassium carbonate supplementation is known to improve milk fat synthesis and to modify milk mineral composition in dairy cows. The objective of the current experiment was to evaluate the effect of K2CO3 on production performance, biohydrogenation of fatty acids (FA), and mineral composition of milk in early-lactation dairy cows fed a high-concentrate diet with or without soybean oil (SBO), as a source of polyunsaturated FA. Twenty-eight ruminally fistulated Holstein cows were used in a randomized complete block design...
November 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693151/application-of-small-intestine-decompression-combined-with-oral-feeding-in-middle-and-late-period-of-malignant-small-bowel-obstruction
#9
Dechun Li, Hongtao Du, Guoqing Shao, Yongtuan Guo, Wan Lu, Ruihong Li
The application value of small intestine decompression combined with oral feeding in the middle and late period of malignant small bowel obstruction was examined. A total of 22 patients with advanced malignant small bowel obstruction were included in the present study. An ileus tube was inserted via the nose under fluoroscopy into the obstructed small intestine of each patient. At the same time, the insertion depth the of the catheter was adjusted. When the catheter was blocked, small bowel selective angiography was performed to determine the location and cause of the obstruction and the extent of the obstruction, and to determine the length of the small intestine in the site of obstruction, and to select the variety and tolerance of enteral nutrition...
July 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619737/acute-massive-gastric-dilatation-causing-ischaemic-necrosis-and-perforation-of-the-stomach
#10
Maitham A Moslim, Jay Mittal, Gavin A Falk, Jeffrey S Ustin, Gareth Morris-Stiff
Acute massive gastric dilatation (AMGD) is a rare distinctive condition but associates with high morbidity and mortality. Though usually seen in patients with eating disorders, many aetiologies of AMGD have been described. The distension has been reported to cause gastric necrosis with or without perforation, usually within 1-2 days of an inciting event of AMGD.We report the case of a 58-year-old male who presented with gastric perforation associated with AMGD 11 days after surgical relief of a proximal small bowel obstruction...
June 15, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546717/intussusception-a-rare-complication-after-feeding-jejunostomy-a-case-report
#11
Shreyas Dholaria, Kamal Kishor Lakhera, Sanjeev Patni
Feeding jejunostomy (FJ) is a commonly done surgical procedure for enteral nutrition. Intussusception is one of the rare complications of FJ. Clinical presentation may be similar to other causes of small bowel obstruction. Intussusception should be suspected if a patient with jejunostomy tube develops upper gastrointestinal obstructive symptoms, which are relieved by nasogastric tube drainage. CT or ultrasonography (USG) can help to confirm the diagnosis. It can be relieved spontaneously or sometimes requires laparotomy...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501409/effect-of-different-fat-supplements-on-performance-of-dairy-calves-during-cold-season
#12
E Ghasemi, M Azad-Shahraki, M Khorvash
The objective of this experiment was to evaluate the effects of starter supplementation with fat sources differing in their fatty acid (FA) profile on performance of dairy calves during cold season. Sixty Holstein calves (3 d of age; 39.7 ± 3.8 kg of body weight) were randomly assigned to 1 of 5 starter diets supplemented with (1) no fat or oil source (control), (2) 3% palm fat (PLF), (3) 3% soybean oil (SBO), (4) 3% tallow (TAL), and (5) a 3.2% mixture (MIX) of PLF, SBO, and fish oil. The fat supplements were substituted for corn in the basal starter diet...
July 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916022/a-wandering-tube
#13
Ina Dubin, Moshe Gelber, Ami Schattner
The predominant causes of acute mechanical small bowel obstruction in geriatric patients are adhesions and hernias, which is not much different than in other adult age groups. Unusual etiologies may be encountered, such as volvulus or gallstone ileus, but a displaced feeding gastrostomy tube is a distinctly rare cause of intestinal obstruction which needs to be considered by emergency physicians as it may be increasingly encountered.
December 5, 2016: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785689/complications-of-feeding-jejunostomy-tubes-in-patients-with-gastroesophageal-cancer
#14
Audrey H Choi, Michael P O'Leary, Shaila J Merchant, Virginia Sun, Joseph Chao, Dan J Raz, Jae Y Kim, Joseph Kim
BACKGROUND: Feeding jejunostomy tubes (FJT) in patients undergoing resection of gastroesophageal cancers facilitate perioperative nutrition. Data regarding FJT use and complications are limited. STUDY DESIGN: A single institution review was performed for patients who underwent perioperative FJT placement for gastrectomy or esophagogastrectomy from 2007 to 2015. FJT-related and unrelated complications were evaluated. RESULTS: FJTs were inserted for total/completion gastrectomy (n = 49/117, 41...
February 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713763/in-hospital-costs-of-an-admission-for-adhesive-small-bowel-obstruction
#15
Pepijn Krielen, Barend A van den Beukel, Martijn W J Stommel, Harry van Goor, Chema Strik, Richard P G Ten Broek
BACKGROUND: Previous research on the costs of treatment for ASBO is outdated and often based on reimbursements, rather than true healthcare provider costs of the admission and related interventions. An accurate estimate of the true costs of treatment is necessary to understand the healthcare burden and to model cost-efficacy of adhesion strategies. The aim of this study was to provide an accurate cost estimate of the in-hospital costs for treatment of adhesive small bowel obstruction (ASBO) using micro-costing methods...
2016: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27467058/foley-catheters-as-temporary-gastrostomy-tubes-experience-of-a-nurse-led-service
#16
Adli Metussin, Rusanah Sia, Suriawati Bakar, Vui Heng Chong
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube is the modality of choice for long-term enteral nutrition. In the event that replacement tubes are not available, urinary catheters can be used to maintain patency of the gastrostomy tract. This study reports our experience in a nurse-led service using Foley catheters as temporary gastrostomy tubes and the associated complications. Patients who had used Foley catheter as gastrostomy tube over a 2-year period (Jan 2011 to December 2012) were studied. Twenty-one patients had used Foley catheters as a temporary gastrostomy tube, and 12 (57...
July 2016: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26851305/dietary-fatty-acid-composition-affects-food-intake-and-gut-brain-satiety-signaling-in-senegalese-sole-solea-senegalensis-kaup-1858-larvae-and-post-larvae
#17
Kruno Bonacic, Cindy Campoverde, Javier Gómez-Arbonés, Enric Gisbert, Alicia Estevez, Sofia Morais
Little is known how dietary lipids affect food intake during larval development of fish, especially with regard to fatty acid (FA) composition. In fact, very little work has been done on appetite regulation and food intake in fish larvae in general, due to biological and technical difficulties associated with this type of studies. A new method using fluorescent microspheres as markers was developed in this study to evaluate food intake and prey selectivity of Senegalese sole larvae and post-larvae. Food intake was quantified in fish fed Artemia metanauplii enriched with oils differing in FA profile: cod liver oil (CLO), linseed oil (LSO), soybean oil (SBO) or olive oil (OO)...
March 1, 2016: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26603727/pelvic-floor-dysfunction-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#18
REVIEW
A Bondurri, A Maffioli, P Danelli
Advances in tailored medical therapy and introduction of biologic agents for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) treatment have ensured long-term disease remission. Some patients, however, still report defecatory symptoms. Patients present with a wide spectrum of conditions - anal incontinence, obstructed defecation and pelvic pain among the most frequent - that have a great impact on their quality of life. Due to IBD diagnosis, little relevance is attributed to this type of symptoms and their epidemiologic distribution is unknown...
December 2015: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26300883/dietary-mannan-oligosaccharides-counteracting-the-side-effects-of-soybean-meal-oil-inclusion-on-european-sea-bass-dicentrarchus-labrax-gut-health-and-skin-mucosa-mucus-production
#19
Silvia Torrecillas, Daniel Montero, Maria José Caballero, Karin A Pittman, Marco Custódio, Aurora Campo, John Sweetman, Marisol Izquierdo
The main objective of this study was to assess the effects of 4 g kg(-1) dietary mannan oligosaccharides (MOS) inclusion in soybean oil (SBO)- and fish oil (FO)-based diets on the gut health and skin mucosa mucus production of European sea bass juveniles after 8 weeks of feeding. Dietary MOS, regardless of the oil source, promoted growth. The intestinal somatic index was not affected, however dietary SBO reduced the intestinal fold length, while dietary MOS increased it. The dietary oil source fed produced changes on the posterior intestine fatty acid profiles irrespective of MOS dietary supplementation...
2015: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26220434/free-jejunal-flap-for-pharyngoesophageal-reconstruction-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-an-evaluation-of-donor-site-complications
#20
Shantanu N Razdan, Claudia R Albornoz, Evan Matros, Philip B Paty, Peter G Cordeiro
BACKGROUND: Free jejunal transfer for pharyngoesophageal reconstruction has often been criticized for its associated donor-site morbidity. Conversely, the same argument has been invoked to support use of fasciocutaneous flaps, given their low incidence of donor-site complications. The purpose of the current study was to document donor-site complication rate with free jejunal flaps for pharyngoesophageal reconstruction, in the hands of an experienced surgeon. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed for consecutive patients who underwent free jejunal transfer between 1992 and 2012 by the senior author (P...
November 2015: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
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