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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457051/signet-ring-cell-carcinoma-ileal-crohn-disease-or-both-a-case-of-diagnostic-challenge
#1
Joana R Carvalho, Joana Tavares, Inês Goulart, Paula Moura Dos Santos, Emília Vitorino, Cristina Ferreira, Fátima Serejo, José Velosa
Signet ring cell carcinoma is a rare form of adenocarcinoma that predominantly affects the stomach. Signet ring cell carcinoma originated from the ileum is extremely rare and the prognosis is poor. We present a case of small bowel obstruction with features suggesting Crohn disease of the ileum. The symptoms were chronic diarrhea and abdominal pain with a family history of inflammatory bowel disease. The patient underwent surgery and histopathology revealed both aspects of signet ring cell carcinoma and Crohn disease of the ileum...
January 2018: GE Portuguese Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450803/a-rare-case-of-acute-presentation-of-trocar-site-hernia-from-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-partial-nephrectomy
#2
Zi Qin Ng, Richard Pemberton, Patrick Tan
Trocar site hernia is not a common acute complication encountered after robot-assisted surgery, especially in the urological cohort of patients. A few case reports of small bowel obstruction secondary to incarceration by trocar site hernia have been described in gynaecological surgery and prostatectomies. As the clinical presentation is non-specific, late diagnosis has significant implication on morbidity and mortality. Here, we present a rare case of a patient with recent robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for a renal cell carcinoma presented with features of impending bowel obstruction secondary to incarcerated small bowel in the trocar site...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445497/transgastric-decompression-using-a-newly-developed-nasojejunal-tube-in-a-postgastrostomy-patient-with-adhesive-small-bowel-obstruction
#3
Haruna Nakamura, Toh Yoon Ezekiel Wong
For postgastrostomy patients suffering from adhesive small bowel obstruction, transgastric decompression with a multiluminal nasojejunal tube is an effective and more comfortable alternative to conventional nasal tubing using an ileus tube.
February 2018: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442062/gallstone-ileus-in-a-ninety-two-years-old-colecistectomized-patient-after-endoscopic-biliary-sphincterotomy-a-case-report
#4
S Fedele, P Lobascio, G Carbotta, G Balducci, R Laforgia, M G Sederino, M Minafra, A Delvecchio, N Palasciano
INTRODUCTION: Gallstone ileus is an uncommon condition of mechanical bowel obstruction caused by the passage of a gallstone into the bowel. It occurs more frequently in female patients older than 65 years and often for a biliary-enteric fistula. The pathognomonic features of gallstone ileus - the Rigler's triad - are pneumobilia, ectopic gallstone and bowel obstruction. Less commonly, a gallstone may enter the intestinal lumen through the common bile duct, after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, and very rarely in colecistectomized patient...
November 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441340/small-bowel-obstruction-from-distant-metastasis-of-primary-breast-cancer-a-case-report
#5
Seung Jae Oh, Seon Young Park, Ji Young Kim, Hyunee Yim, Yongsik Jung, Sae Hwan Han
Gastrointestinal (GI) tract metastasis of primary breast cancer is very rare. We present a patient with small bowel obstruction from distant metastasis of primary breast cancer. Each characteristic features of concern of GI tract distant metastasis from many pervious studies has been reported differently. We should remember that GI tract metastasis may coexist when patients with breast cancer have intermittent or recurrent abdominal pain with or without obstructive symptoms.
February 2018: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441339/early-postoperative-small-bowel-obstruction-after-laparotomy-for-trauma-incidence-and-risk-factors
#6
Wu Seong Kang, Yun Chul Park, Young Goun Jo, Jung Chul Kim
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the incidence and risk factors of early postoperative small bowel obstruction (EPSBO) after laparotomy for trauma patients. Methods: From 2009 to 2016, consecutive patients who had undergone laparotomy for trauma were retrospectively evaluated. EPSBO was defined as the presence of signs and symptoms of obstruction between postoperative days 7 and 30, or obstruction occurring anytime within 30 days and lasting more 7 days...
February 2018: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434183/plasmacytoid-urothelial-carcinoma-of-ureter-with-retroperitoneal-metastasis-a-case-report
#7
Alexis Jibril, Andrew C Stevens
BACKGROUND Plasmacytoid is a rare histological variant of urothelial carcinoma (UC). Since the first reported case of plasmacytoid urothelial carcinoma (PUC), in 1991, only about 100 cases have since been reported, with most cases involving the bladder. Urothelial carcinomas of the upper urinary tract represent only 5% of urothelial cancers. To the best of our knowledge, there has only been 1 reported case of PUC of the ureter. PUC is a highly aggressive disease, with a poor prognosis. We present a rare biopsy-proven case of PUC of the ureter with retroperitoneal metastasis...
February 13, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429947/hospital-readmission-rates-and-risk-factors-for-readmission-following-cytoreductive-surgery-crs-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-hipec-for-peritoneal-surface-malignancies
#8
Yael Dreznik, Aviad Hoffman, Tamar Hamburger, Almog Ben-Yaacov, Yossi Dux, Harel Jacoby, Yaniv Berger, Aviram Nissan, Mordechai Gutman
BACKGROUND: Cytoreductive surgery and Hyperthermic intra-peritoneal chemotherapy (CRS/HIPEC) for peritoneal surface malignancies is associated with high morbidity. The increased numbers of patients undergoing CRS/HIPEC in recent years mandates risk analysis and quality assurance. However, only scarce data exist regarding causative parameters for readmission. The aim of this study was to assess readmission rates and risk factors associated with readmission. METHODS: A retrospective-cohort study including patients from two high-volume centers who underwent CRS/HIPEC surgery between the years 2007-2016 was performed...
February 8, 2018: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423157/acute-cholecystitis-in-a-parastomal-hernia-causing-a-small-bowel-obstruction
#9
Chetna Bakshi, Samantha Ruff, Frank Caliendo, Jennifer Agnew
A parastomal hernia is the abnormal protrusion of intra-abdominal tissue and organs through a defect in the abdominal wall around an ostomy. Commonly, they involve intra-abdominal fat, omentum or bowel. However, there are rare cases that involve other organs. We present the case of an 89-year-old gentleman with a gallbladder in his parastomal hernia. Due to his acute cholecystitis, the distended gallbladder compressed adjacent bowel loops in the parastomal hernia, resulting in a mechanical bowel obstruction...
December 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416952/advanced-imaging-techniques-in-skull-base-osteomyelitis-due-to-malignant-otitis-externa
#10
REVIEW
A M J L van Kroonenburgh, W L van der Meer, R J P Bothof, M van Tilburg, J van Tongeren, A A Postma
Purpose of Review: To give an up-to-date overview of the strengths and weaknesses of current imaging modalities in diagnosis and follow-up of skull base osteomyelitis (SBO). Recent Findings: CT and MRI are both used for anatomical imaging, and nuclear techniques aid in functional process imaging. Hybrid techniques PET-CT and PET-MRI are the newest modalities which combine imaging strengths. Summary: No single modality is able to address the scope of SBO...
2018: Current Radiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415192/chilaiditi-s-syndrome-causing-high-grade-small-bowel-obstruction-requiring-exploratory-laparotomy
#11
Daniel Fiumecaldo, Lauren Buck
Chilaiditi's sign is a radiological finding that occurs when the small or large intestine is positioned superior to the liver in the sub-diaphragmatic space. This is typically an asymptomatic radiological sign, but when symptoms occur, e.g., abdominal pain, nausea, emesis, it is termed Chilaiditi's syndrome. Currently, majority of the cases of Chilaiditi's syndrome, described in the literature, requiring operative intervention are due to large bowel obstruction or colonic volvulus. The following is a single case report of a patient presenting to Keesler Medical Center in Biloxi, Mississippi...
February 5, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394790/-a-case-of-jejunal-ectopic-pancreatic-cancer-with-small-bowel-obstruction
#12
Norikazu Yogi, Takashi Kaiho, Shinji Yanagisawa, Masaaki Kataoka, Masaki Nishimura, Soichi Kobayashi, Akira Okaniwa, Ryuichiro Suda, Takuya Yoichi, Nobumitsu Shiina, Mitsuhiko Yoshida, Naoko Mise, Shunichi Tsuchiya
Were port a caseof an 82-year-old man who presented with vomiting. Computed tomography(CT)revealed a jejunum tumor and small bowel obstruction. Enteroscopy revealed a protruded lesion and biopsy indicated adenocarcinoma. PET-CT revealed nothing without jejunal tumor. Therefore, with a preoperative diagnosis of primary small bowel cancer, we performed operation. Surgery indicated peritoneal disseminations and a jejunal tumor 40 cm distal from the ligament of Treitz, and we performed small bowel partial resection...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384908/anemia-intractable-vomiting-chronic-diarrhea-and-syndrome-of-inappropriate-antidiuretic-secretion-a-diagnostic-dilemma-disseminated-strongyloidosis-in-a-patient-with-newly-diagnosed-htlv-infection-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#13
REVIEW
Hassan Tariq, Muhammad Umar Kamal, Pavithra Reddy, Bharat Bajantri, Masooma Niazi, Ajsza Matela, Cosmina Zeana, Ariyo Ihimoyan, Anil Dev, Sridhar Chilimuri
RATIONALE: Strongyloidiasis hyperinfection and disseminated disease have high mortality rates due to several complications and early detection of Strongyloides infection is therefore prudent. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 37-year-old male patient came with chronic diarrhea, intractable vomiting and was found to have hyponatremia, and anemia on the initial laboratory tests. DIAGNOSES: Further work up revealed syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic secretion to be the cause of the hyponatremia in addition to gastrointestinal loses...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375945/superior-mesenteric-artery-syndrome-the-dark-side-of-weight-loss
#14
Sakshi Sahni, Malan Shiralkar, Safra Mohamed, Robert Carroll, Barbara Jung, Ron Gaba, Cemal Yazici
Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome is a rare cause of small bowel obstruction (SBO) resulting from compression of the duodenum by the SMA. Patients at risk of developing SMA syndrome include those who have experienced rapid weight loss from chronic illnesses, malignancy, bariatric surgery, eating disorders, burns, trauma, or substance abuse. We present the case of a 54-year-old cachectic female patient who presented with sudden onset nausea, vomiting, and severe epigastric pain. Imaging studies revealed distention of the stomach and proximal portion of the duodenum with abrupt narrowing of the third part of the duodenum consistent with SMA syndrome...
November 18, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369899/incidence-and-long-term-implications-of-prepouch-ileitis-an-observational-study
#15
Jonathan P Segal, Simon D McLaughlin, Omar D Faiz, Susan K Clark, Ailsa L Hart
BACKGROUND: Restorative proctocolectomy is the procedure of choice in patients with ulcerative colitis refractory to medical therapy. Prepouch ileitis is characterized by mucosal inflammation immediately proximal to the pouch. Prepouch ileitis is uncommon, and long-term follow-up data are lacking. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to report the long-term outcomes of prepouch ileitis. DESIGN: We followed up a cohort of patients with prepouch ileitis that was originally described in 2009...
January 23, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368672/process-mapping-as-a-framework-for-performance-improvement-in-emergency-general-surgery
#16
Kristin DeGirolamo, Karan D'Souza, William Hall, Emilie Joos, Naisan Garraway, Chad Kim Sing, Patrick McLaughlin, Morad Hameed
BACKGROUND: Emergency general surgery conditions are often thought of as being too acute for the development of standardized approaches to quality improvement. However, process mapping, a concept that has been applied extensively in manufacturing quality improvement, is now being used in health care. The objective of this study was to create process maps for small bowel obstruction in an effort to identify potential areas for quality improvement. METHODS: We used the American College of Surgeons Emergency General Surgery Quality Improvement Program pilot database to identify patients who received nonoperative or operative management of small bowel obstruction between March 2015 and March 2016...
February 2018: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364015/comparison-of-defecatory-function-after-laparoscopic-total-colectomy-and-ileorectal-anastomosis-versus-a-traditional-open-approach
#17
Mas Khan, D Jayne, R Saunders
Introduction Total colectomy and ileorectal anastomosis can result in significant defecatory frequency and poor bowel function. The aim of this study was to assess whether a laparoscopic approach is associated with any improvement in this regard. Methods A single institution retrospective review was undertaken of patients undergoing elective total colectomy and ileorectal anastomosis between 2000 and 2011. Those undergoing emergency surgery and paediatric surgery were excluded. The primary outcome measure was satisfactory defecatory function after surgery...
January 24, 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362663/laparoscopy-in-small-bowel-obstruction-current-status-review
#18
Jacek Szeliga, Marek Jackowski
Introduction: Acute small bowel obstruction (SBO) is an urgent medical condition. Its diagnosis is based mainly on a clinical examination followed by confirmatory simple routine radiological examinations such as plain X-ray of the abdominal cavity or computed tomography (CT). However, a real surgical challenge is not a decision whether to perform a surgery, but a decision when and how to perform it. Aim: To determine the place of laparoscopy in contemporary management of acute SBO based on the current literature...
December 2017: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340926/gastrointestinal-histoplasmosis-ileal-stricture-successfully-treated-with-through-the-scope-balloon-dilation-in-a-patient-with-hyperimmunoglobulin-m-syndrome
#19
Fredy Nehme, Kyle Rowe, Mohamad El Hawari, Maha Assi, Imad Nassif
Gastrointestinal histoplasmosis is common in patients with disseminated disease affecting both immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients. However, it is often unrecognized due to a lack of specific signs and symptoms. It has only rarely been reported to cause small bowel obstruction, during which surgical treatment was nearly always necessary. Little is known about the usefulness of endoscopic therapy in gastrointestinal histoplasmosis associated strictures. We report the case of a 32-year-old man with a history of hyperimmunoglobulin M syndrome who presented with small bowel obstruction secondary to disseminated gastrointestinal histoplasmosis...
January 16, 2018: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340678/lifestyle-intervention-and-medical-management-with-vs-without-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-and-control-of-hemoglobin-a1c-ldl-cholesterol-and-systolic-blood-pressure-at-5-years-in-the-diabetes-surgery-study
#20
COMMENT
Sayeed Ikramuddin, Judith Korner, Wei-Jei Lee, Avis J Thomas, John E Connett, John P Bantle, Daniel B Leslie, Qi Wang, William B Inabnet, Robert W Jeffery, Keong Chong, Lee-Ming Chuang, Michael D Jensen, Adrian Vella, Leaque Ahmed, Kumar Belani, Charles J Billington
Importance: The Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is effective in achieving established diabetes treatment targets, but durability is unknown. Objective: To compare durability of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass added to intensive lifestyle and medical management in achieving diabetes control targets. Design, Setting, and Participants: Observational follow-up of a randomized clinical trial at 4 sites in the United States and Taiwan, involving 120 participants who had a hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level of 8...
January 16, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
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