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Unsoundness of mind

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26923137/adjudicating-mentally-disordered-offenders-in-ghana-the-criminal-and-mental-health-legislations
#1
Samuel Adjorlolo, Heng Choon Oliver Chan, Jacob Mensah Agboli
The involvement of mentally disordered offenders (MDOs) in the criminal justice system (CJS) is currently a major public health concern. This has culminated in several empirical researches over the years, with a particular focus on addressing the problem. The present study examines the criminal and the mental health legislations available to offenders raising fitness to stand trial issues, as well as those pleading insanity at the time of the offense (insanity defense) in Ghana. The legislations are examined within a framework of reducing the overrepresentation of MDOs in the CJS...
March 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26664094/mental-illness-and-nullity-of-marriage-indian-perspective
#2
Siva Nambi, Siddharth Sarkar
Marriage is a social institution that formalizes and stabilizes the union between a man and wife. At times, either of the parties undergoing the contract of marriage may ask it be declared null and void. Psychiatrists and legal experts may be called in to provide opinion whether such a marriage should be annulled. Some laws in India do state unsoundness of mind as a valid reason for nullity of marriage. However, determining unsoundness of mind can be a difficult issue, especially when made in retrospect. This paper highlights some cases where nullity of marriage was contested in view of unsoundness of mind...
July 2015: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23858819/-development-of-forensic-psychiatry-in-serbia
#3
Srdjan Milovanović, Aleksandar Jovanović, Miroslava Jasović-Gasić, Nikola Ilanković, Dusan Dunjić, Aneta Lakić, Slavica Djukić-Dejanović, Milutin Nenadović, Dragisa Randjelović, Dimitrije Milovanović
The development of legislation in the field of mental health in our region is linked with the emergence and development of the oldest psychiatric hospitals in Serbia.The principle that the mentally ill who committed a criminal offense need to be placed in a psychiatric hospital instead of a prison was introduced at the same time as in the most developed European countries. The founders of the Serbian forensic psychiatry, Dr. Jovan Danić, Dr.Vojislav Subotić Jr. and Dr. Dusan Subotić, were all trained at the first Serbian Psychiatric Hospital ("Home for the Unsound of Mind") that was founded in 1861 in the part of Belgrade called Guberevac...
May 2013: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23439543/psychiatric-symptoms-associated-with-the-mental-health-defence-for-serious-violent-offences-in-queensland
#4
Jillian Spencer, Anthony Tie
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine which psychiatric symptoms were associated with a defence of unsoundness of mind for serious violent offences. METHOD: The study included psychiatric reports provided by forensic psychiatrists from the High Secure Inpatient Service for patients found to have a mental health defence by the Mental Health Court between June 2004 and June 2009. RESULTS: The defence of unsoundness of mind was invariably associated with psychotic symptoms...
April 2013: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23065493/consent-in-dentistry-ethical-and-deontological-issues
#5
Adelaide Conti, Paola Delbon, Laura Laffranchi, Corrado Paganelli
In Italy, consent for health treatment, aside from being an ethical and deontological obligation, constitutes an essential requirement for any medical treatment according to articles 13 and 32 of the National Constitution and also in accordance with the Council of Europe's 'Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine'. An essential requirement for the validity of consent is that clear, exhaustive and adequate information be provided to the patient himself: the practice of informed consent is a communicative relationship in which the patient can express doubts, perplexities and clarification requests to the dentist...
January 2013: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23057226/limited-to-no-responsibility-addiction-alcoholism-and-the-law-in-modern-germany
#6
Jonathan Lewy
In Germany, a perpetrator had to be of sound mind to be convicted of a crime throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The criminal code was clear, but reality was not. From the moment that physicians accepted alcoholism and drug addiction as diseases of mind and body, the question of what to do with alcoholic and addicted criminals troubled legal theorists. How were judges to maintain the balance of justice if, on the one hand, a potential perpetrator chose to be of unsound mind by drinking or using drugs, but on the other, he was sick, unable to control his actions? As this article demonstrates, the legal system was lenient towards inebriated perpetrators as a by-product of the insistence of German doctors that alcoholism and addiction were diseases...
June 2012: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22593178/rationality-religion-and-refusal-of-treatment-in-an-ambulance-revisited
#7
Kate McMahon-Parkes
In their recent article, Erbay et al considered whether a seriously injured patient should be able to refuse treatment if the refusal was based on a (mis)interpretation of religious doctrine. They argued that in such a case 'what is important…is whether the teaching or philosophy used as a reference point has been in fact correctly perceived' (p 653). If it has not been, they asserted that this eroded the patient's capacity to make an autonomous decision and that therefore, in such cases, it is the role of the healthcare professional (HCP) to 'assist patients to think more clearly and rationally' (p 653)...
September 2013: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21083968/banning-front-of-package-food-labels-first-amendment-constraints-on-public-health-policy
#8
COMMENT
Timothy D Lytton
In recent months, the FDA has begun a crackdown on misleading nutrition and health claims on the front of food packages by issuing warning letters to manufacturers and promising to develop stricter regulatory standards. Leading nutrition policy experts Marion Nestle and David Ludwig have called for an even tougher approach: a ban on all nutrition and health claims on the front of food packages. Nestle and Ludwig argue that most of these claims are scientifically unsound and misleading to consumers and that eliminating them would 'aid educational efforts to encourage the public to eat whole or minimally processed foods and to read the ingredients list on processed foods'...
June 2011: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20760919/lunacy-and-law-the-care-and-treatment-of-persons-of-unsound-mind-in-private-house-and-nursing-homes
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 1903: British Medical Journal (1857-1980)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20760724/lunacy-and-law-the-care-and-treatment-of-persons-of-unsound-mind-in-private-houses-and-nursing-homes
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 1903: British Medical Journal (1857-1980)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19556943/the-historical-development-of-psychiatry-in-serbia
#11
Srdan Milovanović, Miroslava Jasović-Gasić, Mihailo Pantović, Slavica Dukić-Dejanović, Aleksandar A Jovanović, Aleksandar Damjanović, Dragan Ravanić
The authors present the development of the concept of mental disease and treatment in Serbian medicine. Serbian medieval medicine did not acknowledge fortune telling, sorcery, the use of amulets and magical rituals and formulas. These progressive concepts were confirmed by the Church and the Serbian state in what is known as Dusan's Code. The Historical data on the establishment of the first psychiatric hospital in the Balkans "Home for the Unsound of Mind" at Guberevac, Belgrade, in 1861 and its founders is reviewed...
June 2009: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17731352/weight-watching-at-the-university-the-consequences-of-growth
#12
J A Gallant, J W Prothero
We began by pointing out that tools (for example) have size optima that are dictated by function. If we assume that the university has a function, it would seem reasonable to think about the size which will serve that function best. The principle of size optimization is fundamental, but its application to the university at once encounters a difficulty: What is the function of a university? It might take forever to secure general agreement on the answer to this question. The problem is that universities have a number of different functions, to which different individuals will attach different weights, and each function may well have a unique size optimum...
January 28, 1972: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17182221/psychiatric-commitment-over-50-years-of-case-law-from-the-european-court-of-human-rights
#13
REVIEW
G Niveau, J Materi
PURPOSE: To extensively review the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) case law concerning psychiatric commitment, and to estimate the role of this supranational jurisprudence in the practice of contemporary psychiatry. METHOD: Using keywords to search the ECHR computerised database "HUDOC", we reviewed all cases concerning psychiatric commitment registered between September 1953 and December 31, 2004. Four groups were identified: applications declared inadmissible; applications accepted but not judged by the Court; pending cases; and cases judged by the Court...
January 2007: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16777387/psychiatric-commitment-over-50-years-of-case-law-from-the-european-court-of-human-rights
#14
REVIEW
G Niveau, J Materi
PURPOSE: To extensively review the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) case law concerning psychiatric commitment, and to estimate the role of this supranational jurisprudence in the practice of contemporary psychiatry. METHOD: Using keywords to search the ECHR computerized database "HUDOC", we reviewed all cases concerning psychiatric commitment registered between September 1953 and December 31, 2004. Four groups were identified: applications declared inadmissible; applications accepted but not judged by the Court; pending cases; and cases judged by the Court...
October 2006: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15985659/on-sound-and-unsound-mind-the-role-of-suicide-in-tort-and-insurance-litigation
#15
Robert I Simon, James L Levenson, Daniel W Shuman
Suicide continues to be a recognized as a crime by common law in a few states. In those jurisdictions, the beneficiary of a claim must prove that the individual who attempted or committed suicide was of unsound mind, to avoid having the patient's act declared illegal, which would bar recovery of the claim. In malpractice and insurance cases, expert testimony is required regarding the mental state of the individual who attempted or committed suicide. Psychiatric testimony varies widely, depending on the legal definition of "unsound mind" and the highly subjective interpretation of legal definitions...
2005: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15027561/enucleation-in-psychosis-associated-with-aqueductal-stenosis
#16
Iginia Mancinelli, Maurizio Pompili, Francesco Scapati, Simone Lazanio, Giorgio D Kotzalidis, Roberto Tatarelli
Reports of self-enucleation are frequent in medical literature, but cases of enucleation towards another are rare. We report the case of a man, 20 years of age, who suffered from psychosis with hydrocephalus and aqueductal stenosis that required a forensic psychiatric investigation to ascertain whether he was of unsound mind when he assaulted and enucleated the right eye of an officer and led to the surgical enucleation of the victim's left eye. Based on his clinical interviews and hospitalization record, we conclude that at the time of the assault, he was suffering from a delusional disorder with religious and demonic content, visual and auditory hallucinations, illusion phenomena, delusional interpretations, imaginative elements, a feeling of terror, and command hallucinations that compelled him to perform the act of aggression...
March 2004: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/14940264/the-certification-of-those-of-unsound-mind
#17
J WALKER
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 30, 1952: Medical Press
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/14014625/legal-liability-to-volunteers-in-testing-new-drugs
#18
W F BOWKER
Scientists test new drugs by giving them to volunteers. In spite of every precaution, the drug may harm the volunteer. Under Canadian law, can he recover damages against any of the persons connected with the test? He cannot succeed against the scientist if the latter had made complete disclosure of the risks and had then obtained the volunteer's free consent. Where the subject of a test is a child or one of unsound mind, the guardian's consent probably does not protect the scientist from a possible claim by the subject...
April 6, 1963: Canadian Medical Association Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12582273/autonomy-reconfigured-incorporating-the-role-of-the-unconscious
#19
Richard W Homan
The principle of respect for autonomy has served as a pillar of American bioethics. Through its application in response to physician paternalism and as the basis for informed consent, it has attained preeminent status in the discipline. New challenges in health care warrant a re-examination of the origins of our autonomy. Developmental psychology, cognitive neuroscience, and behavioral neurology all emphasize the intimate relationship between our cognitive and emotional development, and through this, our conscious and unconscious minds...
2003: Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12530126/the-sound-of-unsound-minds-great-music-is-linked-to-troubled-composers-a-psychiatrist-pianist-says
#20
Marianne Szegedy-Maszak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2003: U.S. News & World Report
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