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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217695/harmonizing-methods-for-estimating-the-impact-of-contraceptive-use-on-unintended-pregnancy-abortion-and-maternal-health
#1
Ian Askew, Michelle Weinberger, Aisha Dasgupta, Jacqueline Darroch, Ellen Smith, John Stover, Melanie Yahner
Estimates of the potential impacts of contraceptive use on averting unintended pregnancies, total and unsafe abortions, maternal deaths, and newborn, infant, and child deaths provide evidence of the value of investments in family planning programs and thus are critically important for policy makers, donors, and advocates alike. Several research teams have independently developed mathematical models that estimate the number of adverse health outcomes averted due to contraceptive use. However, each modeling approach was designed for different purposes, and as such the methodological assumptions, data inputs, and mathematical algorithms initially used in each model differed; consequently, the models did not produce comparable estimates for the same outcome indicators...
December 7, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216969/legal-issues-for-transgender-people-a-review-of-persistent-threats
#2
Jamison Green
Background The legal status of transgender (trans) people is in constant flux. Over the past 70 years, gradually increasing transgender visibility, national and global advocacy, and, more recently, widespread Internet access, communication, and broadening support from allies, have all contributed to successful campaigns that have improved transgender lives and legitimised transgender. Still, traumatic interactions with the legal system or policing agencies remain plentiful. This is a very general overview of the most common legal issues confronting trans people...
October 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215904/practice-procedures-in-models-of-primary-care-collaboration-for-children-with-adhd
#3
Jessica A Moore, Kathryn Karch, Valeriia Sherina, Aubree Guiffre, Sandra Jee, Lynn C Garfunkel
INTRODUCTION: With nationwide movement toward an integrated medical home, evidence to support, compare, and specify effective models for collaboration between primary care and behavioral health professionals is essential. This study compared 2 models of primary care with behavioral health integration on American Academy of Pediatrics guideline adherence for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) assessment and treatment. METHOD: We conducted a retrospective chart review of a random sample of children aged 6-13 years, seen for ADHD services in 2 primary care offices, 1 fully integrated model and 1 co-located service only model, comparing ADHD assessment and treatment practices...
December 7, 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214596/preparing-for-the-future-of-rare-diseases
#4
Stephen C Groft, Manuel Posada de la Paz
Members of the rare disease community have devoted significant financial and personnel resources to address the numerous issues surrounding rare diseases. The past has been devoted to developing an emphasis on rare diseases including an emphasis on research studies or locating information on rare diseases and the requirements and limitations of conducting clinical trials with small patient populations. The expanded role of patient advocacy organizations and patient engagement in all aspects of clinical research continues to gain acceptance within the research community...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214582/a-global-approach-to-rare-diseases-research-and-orphan-products-development-the-international-rare-diseases-research-consortium-irdirc
#5
Christine M Cutillo, Christopher P Austin, Stephen C Groft
Rare diseases present unique challenges to researchers due to the global distribution of patients, complexity and low prevalence of each disease, and limited availability of data. They are also overwhelming and costly for patients, their families, communities, and society. As such, global integration of rare diseases research is necessary to accelerate the understanding, diagnosis, and treatment of rare disorders. The International Rare Diseases Research Consortium (IRDiRC) was born out of that need for a coordinated international community...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214573/post-approval-studies-for-rare-disease-treatments-and-orphan-drugs
#6
William C Maier, Ronald A Christensen, Patricia Anderson
Drug development involves a multi-stage process of drug discovery, animal studies and human clinical trials to assess the safety and efficacy of new medications. Rare disease drug development involves a much smaller number of affected patients, a predominance of pediatric patients and more complicated disease presentation. Post-approval studies are designed to address several limitations associated with the rare disease clinical trials.National and international regulatory agencies in the US and Europe have adopted similar approaches to requirements post-approval data for rare diseases and orphan drug indications...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214563/rare-diseases-joining-mainstream-research-and-treatment-based-on-reliable-epidemiological-data
#7
Stephen C Groft, Manuel Posada de la Paz
Despite growing acceptance of patient registries and natural history studies to provide useful information, the rare disease community suffers from the absence of reliable epidemiological data on the prevalence and incidence of most rare diseases in national and global populations. Likewise, the patients and health care providers lack adequate information on the pathophysiology of rare diseases and expected outcomes of these disorders. The rare diseases community includes all of the stakeholders involved in the research and development and dissemination of products and information for the diagnosis, prevention or treatment of rare diseases or conditions...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207544/how-does-health-related-advertising-with-a-regulatory-focus-and-goal-framing-affect-attitudes-toward-ads-and-healthy-behavior-intentions
#8
Chia-Yen Lin, Wei-Ju Yeh
The health costs of colorectal cancer have increased over the years in Taiwan. The National Health Insurance Administration (NHI) and the Health Promotion Administration of the Ministry of Health and Welfare (MOHW) in Taiwan advocate that people have to change their unhealthy behaviors; however, the number of patients of colorectal cancer is increasing annually. This research discussed the effects of healthy diet advocacy advertisements (ads) on healthy diet behavior intentions as influenced by the interactions between regulatory focus theory (RFT) and message framing effects...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205496/critical-caring-theory-and-public-health-nursing-advocacy-for-comprehensive-sexual-health-education
#9
Elizabeth Dickson, Marie L Lobo
Public health nurses (PHNs) often work with adolescent populations at risk for unplanned pregnancies who do not have access to comprehensive sexual health education (CSHE). Evidence-based CSHE can have a significant protective effect on adolescent sexual behaviors. This article applies critical caring theory to public health nursing advocacy for CSHE. Critical caring theory defines the social justice work of PHNs as an expression of their caring as nurses. The lack of CSHE in schools for adolescents is a social justice issue, and PHNs can be important advocates...
December 4, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203597/perspectives-on-innovations-in-oral-health-care
#10
R Gary Rozier
A downward trend in dental caries in permanent teeth of children that began in the 1970s has leveled out at historic lows. Severe periodontal disease affects a small percentage of people, and tooth loss has plummeted so that complete tooth loss, once a common occurrence, now is almost non-existent in upper socioeconomic groups. But not all people have benefited equally from these positive trends. Dental problems continue to affect the disadvantaged in society at unacceptable rates, and their disease burden is likely to increase because of trends in social determinants of oral diseases...
November 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203324/-towards-a-social-determinants-oriented-approach-to-public-health-workshop-report
#11
Elena González Rojo, Carlos Álvarez-Dardet, Luis Andrés López Fernández
This article is the result of a workshop with public health experts held in Granada (Spain) in October 2015 in order to reflect upon the components of the framework that should be part of a public health approach based on the social determinants of health. Advocacy and training professionals in health advocacy were identified as key elements where this was needed. During the workshop, it was agreed that the gender perspective, the salutogenic approach, interdisciplinary work and particular attention to disadvantaged groups are crucial...
December 1, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202091/health-financing-policies-in-sub-saharan-africa-%C3%A2-government-ownership-or-donors-influence-a-scoping-review-of-policymaking-processes
#12
Lara Gautier, Valéry Ridde
Background: The rise on the international scene of advocacy for universal health coverage (UHC) was accompanied by the promotion of a variety of health financing policies. Major donors presented health insurance, user fee exemption, and results-based financing policies as relevant instruments for achieving UHC in Sub-Saharan Africa. The "donor-driven" push for policies aiming at UHC raises concerns about governments' effective buy-in of such policies. Because the latter has implications on the success of such policies, we searched for evidence of government ownership of the policymaking process...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200858/group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-insomnia-a-cross-sectional-case-controlled-study
#13
Hongjing Mao, Yutian Ji, You Xu, Guangzheng Tang, Zhenghe Yu, Lianlian Xu, Chanchan Shen, Wei Wang
Background: Group cognitive-behavioral therapy (GCBT) might meet the considerable treatment demand of insomnia, but its effectiveness needs to be addressed. Participants: This study recruited 27 insomnia patients treated with 16-weeks of zolpidem (zolpidem group), 26 patients treated with 4-weeks of zolpidem and also treated with 12-weeks of GCBT (GCBT group), and 31 healthy control volunteers. Methods: Before treatment and 16 weeks after intervention, participants were evaluated using the Patient Health Questionnaires (Patient Health Questionnaire-9 [PHQ-9] and Patient Health Questionnaire-15 [PHQ-15]), the Dysfunctional Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep-16 (DBAS-16), and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200324/breaking-down-the-administrative-barriers-condom-availability-in-the-school-setting
#14
Lauren Maziarz
School nurses are at the forefront of health resource decisions, education, and health advocacy in the school setting. When it comes to sex education and condom availability, navigating the politics and controversy surrounding student access and education is not an easy task. Moreover, recent research shows school administrators are not aware of sexual health issues in their district and are not typically supportive of condom availability, limiting evidence-based practice implementation in the school setting...
December 1, 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198642/caring-for-undocumented-immigrants-with-kidney-disease
#15
Rajeev Raghavan
The care of dialysis-dependent undocumented immigrants exemplifies a problem at the crux of 2 US national agendas: immigration and health care reform. Undocumented immigrants represent 3% of the US population and 27% of the uninsured, and an estimated 6,500 individuals are dialysis dependent. With no uniform national policy, an estimated 30% to 50% of these individuals receive treatment only in life-threatening situations (emergent dialysis). Since 2005, about 400 undocumented immigrants have received a kidney transplant (>70% living)...
November 30, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198049/voces-de-la-frontera-voices-from-the-border-using-case-studies-of-pregnancy-birth-and-parenting-along-the-u-s-mexico-border-to-identify-shared-measures-of-success
#16
Katherine Selchau, Maricela Babuca, Kara Bower, Yara Castro, Araceli Flores, Jonah O Garcia, Maria Lourdes F Reyes, Yvonne Rojas, Laura Shattuck
Purpose This research analyzes the cases of five women living along the U.S.-Mexico border who overcame challenges during pregnancy or parenting with the support of a federally funded Healthy Start program, designed to eliminate disparities in perinatal health in disadvantaged communities with the poorest birth outcomes. Study objectives were to: (1) identify common factors that affect healthy maternal and child outcomes for Healthy Start participants; and (2) identify a shared definition of what success looks like for Healthy Start participants and opportunities for further study...
December 2, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197905/physician-advocacy-in-western-medicine-a-21st-century-challenge
#17
Philip Bagshaw, Pauline Barnett
Physician advocacy occurs when doctors speak up for the health and healthcare of patients and communities. Historically, this was strong in some Western countries with doctors finding that it enhanced their authority, prestige and power. But it weakened in the 20th century when the biomedical model of heath triumphed and medicine became a dominant profession. In the second part of the 20th century, this dominance was threatened by political, technological and socioeconomic forces. These weakened medicine's state support, brought it under managerial control and undermined the social contract on which trust between doctors and the community was based...
December 1, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194692/from-private-practice-to-academia-integrating-social-and-political-advocacy-into-every-mft-identity
#18
Jessica M Goodman, Amy A Morgan, Jennifer L Hodgson, Benjamin E Caldwell
While advocacy was essential to establishing the field of marriage and family therapy, at present a social and political advocacy skill set is lacking for the typical marriage and family therapist (MFT). This article reviews the importance of being active in social and political advocacy and highlights the attributes of MFTs' professional identity that uniquely position us for success in these areas. Other mental health fields' pedagogical approaches to training and education are explored, and recommendations are made for how MFTs can begin to increase their competency in advocacy...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186992/evaluation-of-the-southern-harm-reduction-coalition-for-hiv-prevention-advocacy-accomplishments
#19
Chandra R Story, Wei-Kang Kao, Joe Currin, Colton Brown, Vignetta Charles
BACKGROUND: HIV/AIDS rates are higher in the Southern United States compared to other regions of the country. Reasons for disparities include poverty, health care access, and racism. People who inject drugs (PWID) account for 8% of HIV/AIDS incidence rates. Harm reduction can connect PWID to needed resources. AIDS United Southern REACH grantees developed the Southern Harm Reduction Coalition (SHRC) as a means to decrease HIV/AIDS and viral hepatitis rates, criminalization of drug users and sex workers, and drug overdose...
November 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186137/evaluation-of-the-implementation-fidelity-of-the-seasonal-malaria-chemoprevention-intervention-in-kaya-health-district-burkina-faso
#20
Rachidatou Compaoré, Maurice Wambi Evariste Yameogo, Tieba Millogo, Halima Tougri, Seni Kouanda
BACKGROUND: Burkina Faso implemented the seasonal malaria chemoprevention (SMC) in 2014 in seven pilot health districts, following the new recommendation by the WHO in 2012 for the prevention of the disease in children under five years old, for areas of highly seasonal malaria transmission.The objective of this study was to assess the implementation fidelity of the seasonal malaria chemoprevention strategy in one of the districts, Kaya Health District. METHODOLOGY: We conducted a case study, with a quantitative and qualitative mixed methods...
2017: PloS One
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