keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Health advocacy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457204/prevention-and-management-of-childhood-obesity
#1
Aashima Dabas, Anju Seth
Childhood obesity has been recognized as a global pandemic. Preventive strategies have proven to be the most effective public health intervention in curbing this pandemic. A multi-component approach involving dietary modification and advocacy for a healthy lifestyle comprising of regular physical activity, minimizing screen time and behavioral interventions have been found beneficial in preventing obesity. A life-cycle approach has been recommended where preventive interventions go as far back as affecting maternal, fetal and early childhood nutrition and lifestyle...
February 19, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454461/fluoridation-advocacy-in-referenda-where-media-coverage-is-balanced-yet-biased
#2
John A Curiel, Anne E Sanders, Thu-Mai L Christian, Sophia Lafferty-Hess, Thomas M Carsey, Lewis N Lampiris, Gary D Slade
BACKGROUND: Despite supporting scientific evidence, community water fluoridation (CWF) often fails in public referenda. To understand why, the authors quantitatively analyzed text from news media coverage of CWF referenda. METHODS: The authors analyzed text from 234 articles covering 11 CWF referenda conducted in 3 US cities from 1956 through 2013. The authors used cluster analysis to identify each article's core rhetoric and classified it according to sentiment and tone...
February 14, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453557/a-framework-for-regional-primary-health-care-to-organise-actions-to-address-health-inequities
#3
Toby Freeman, Sara Javanparast, Fran Baum, Anna Ziersch, Tamara Mackean
OBJECTIVES: Regional primary health-care organisations plan, co-ordinate, and fund some primary health-care services in a designated region. This article presents a framework for examining the equity performance of regional primary health-care organisations, and applies it to Australian Medicare Locals (funded from 2011 to 2015). METHODS: The framework was developed based on theory, literature, and researcher deliberation. Data were drawn from Medicare Local documents, an online survey of 210 senior Medicare Local staff, and interviews with 50 survey respondents...
February 16, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452874/quality-of-prostate-cancer-screening-information-on-the-websites-of-nationally-recognized-cancer-centers-and-health-organizations
#4
Bogdan-Alexandru Manole, Daniel V Wakefield, Austin P Dove, Caleb R Dulaney, Samuel R Marcrom, David L Schwartz, Michael R Farmer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to survey the accessibility and quality of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening information from National Cancer Institute (NCI) cancer center and public health organization Web sites. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We surveyed the December 1, 2016, version of all 63 NCI-designated cancer center public Web sites and 5 major online clearinghouses from allied public/private organizations (cancer.gov, cancer.org, PCF.org, USPSTF...
December 24, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450201/supporting-patients-self-managing-respiratory-health-a-qualitative-study-on-the-impact-of-the-breathe-easy-voluntary-group-network
#5
Ferhana Hashem, Rowena Merritt
Self-management strategies are designed to improve lung and respiratory health through structured self-management plans with regular practitioner reviews. Strategies have not, however, focused upon how patient support groups and advocacy networks can help with the management of these conditions; therefore, it is unknown what impact they may have on patient self-management. A qualitative study was designed to help understand what impact the British Lung Foundation's Breathe Easy (BE) groups have on patients managing their lung and respiratory conditions...
January 2018: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446331/the-case-for-severe-mental-illness-as-a-disparities-category
#6
Matthew L Goldman, Brigitta Spaeth-Rublee, Harold Alan Pincus
Extensive evidence documents that people with severe mental illness have higher rates of morbidity and mortality compared with the general population and receive lower-quality and higher-cost health care. These trends, at least in part, stem from discrimination, exclusion, widespread stigma, and criminalization of individuals with mental illness. As such, severe mental illness should receive formal, national recognition as a disparities category. Such a designation would have multiple important implications in health policy, services and quality research, and advocacy...
February 15, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440834/prevention-and-control-of-rheumatic-heart-disease-overcoming-core-challenges-in-resource-poor-environments
#7
REVIEW
Scott Dougherty, Andrea Beaton, Bruno R Nascimento, Liesl J Z├╝hlke, Maziar Khorsandi, Nigel Wilson
Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) has long receded as a significant threat to public health in high-income countries. In low-resource settings, however, the specter of RHD remains unabated, as exemplified by recent data from the Global Burden of Diseases Study. There are many complex reasons for this ongoing global disparity, including inadequate data on disease burden, challenges in effective advocacy, ongoing poverty and inequality, and weak health systems, most of which predominantly affect developing nations...
January 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438486/the-role-of-the-food-industry-in-health-lessons-from-tobacco
#8
Simon Capewell, Ffion Lloyd-Williams
Introduction: In this review, we highlight poor diet as the biggest risk factor for non-communicable diseases. We examine the denial tactics used by the food industry, how they reflect the tactics previously used by the tobacco industry, and how campaigners can use this knowledge to achieve future public health successes. Sources of data: Data sources are wide ranging, notably publications relating to public health, obesity and processed food, the effectiveness hierarchy and food industry denialism tactics...
February 9, 2018: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436354/surrogacy-pathway-to-parenthood
#9
Rachel A Joseph, Alexandria M Rafanello, Cassidy J Morris, Kerry F Fleming
Assistive reproductive technology has progressed significantly over the past few decades. In spite of the advances, people may still resort to a surrogate for bearing and birthing a baby. Surrogacy, though an altruistic act, has been commercialized in the past few years, leading to emergence of several ethico-legal concerns. Nurses care for the surrogates, the infants, and the intended parents through their journey with sensitivity, advocacy, compassion, and confidentiality. This article intends to explore the implications of surrogacy to individuals, families, nations, and health care...
January 1, 2018: Neonatal Network: NN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433505/why-nutrition-education-is-inadequate-in-the-medical-curriculum-a-qualitative-study-of-students-perspectives-on-barriers-and-strategies
#10
Victor Mogre, Fred C J Stevens, Paul A Aryee, Anthony Amalba, Albert J J A Scherpbier
BACKGROUND: The provision of nutrition care by doctors is important in promoting healthy dietary habits, and such interventions can lead to reductions in disease morbidity, mortality, and medical costs. However, medical students and doctors report inadequate nutrition education and preparedness during their training at school. Previous studies investigating the inadequacy of nutrition education have not sufficiently evaluated the perspectives of students. In this study, students' perspectives on doctors' role in nutrition care, perceived barriers, and strategies to improve nutrition educational experiences are explored...
February 12, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433498/what-does-an-enabling-environment-for-infant-and-young-child-nutrition-look-like-at-implementation-level-perspectives-from-a-multi-stakeholder-process-in-the-breede-valley-sub-district-western-cape-south-africa
#11
L M Du Plessis, M H McLachlan, S E Drimie
BACKGROUND: Breede Valley is a sub-district of the Cape Winelands district, Western Cape Province, South Africa. The administrative capital of the district is situated in the semi-rural town Worcester. Findings of a baseline survey in Worcester revealed poor infant feeding practices and childhood under- and overnutrition, with particular concern over high levels of stunting and low dietary diversity. Maternal overweight and obesity was high. These characteristics made the site suitable to study multi-sectoral arrangements for infant and young child nutrition (IYCN)...
February 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427688/asset-based-community-development-as-a-strategy-for-developing-local-global-health-curricula
#12
Sarah Webber, Sabrina M Butteris, Laura Houser, Karen Coller, Ryan J Coller
BACKGROUND: A significant and growing proportion of US children have immigrant parents, an issue of increasing importance to pediatricians. Training globally minded pediatric residents to address health inequities related to globalization is an important reason to expand educational strategies around local global health (LGH). METHODS: We developed a curriculum in the pediatric global health residency track at the University of Wisconsin in an effort to address gaps in LGH education and to increase resident knowledge about local health disparities for global community members...
February 7, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427482/how-to-improve-access-to-therapy-in-hepatitis-b-patients
#13
REVIEW
Miroslava Subic, Fabien Zoulim
Despite the availability of a preventive vaccine and active antiviral treatments that stop disease progression and reduce the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma, hepatitis B is still a major public health problem. Only an estimated 10% of the 257 million people living with HBV have been diagnosed and as few as 1% are being adequately treated. Barriers to diagnosis and treatment include: (i) limited awareness and lack of knowledge about HBV infection and HBV-related diseases; (ii) under-diagnosis with insufficient screening and referral to care; (iii) limited treatment due to drug availability, costs, reimbursement policies and the need for long-term or life-long therapy...
February 2018: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426314/overcoming-barriers-to-access-and-utilization-of-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-services-in-northern-nigeria-an-evaluation-of-facility-health-committees
#14
Olugbenga Oguntunde, Isa M Surajo, Dauda Sulaiman Dauda, Abdulsamad Salihu, Salma Anas-Kolo, Irit Sinai
BACKGROUND: Poor quality of health services and socio-cultural dynamics may severely limit utilization of health services. Facility health committees were established in several states in northern Nigeria to reduce these barriers. The committees were charged with mobilizing communities, improving quality of health services, and promoting utilization of maternal and child health services. This study assessed this intervention. METHODS: To obtain a comprehensive picture of facility health committees' influence on maternal and child health services, we selected 33 facilities in three states in northern Nigeria (Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano) where the intervention was active...
February 9, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424656/from-peers-to-lay-bystanders-findings-from-a-decade-of-naloxone-distribution-in-pittsburgh-pa
#15
Alex S Bennett, Alice Bell, Maya Doe-Simkins, Luther Elliott, Enrique Pouget, Corey Davis
Distribution of the opioid overdose reversal drug naloxone has been central to efforts to combat the ongoing opioid epidemic in the United States. This report presents data from Prevention Point Pittsburgh (PPP), a public health advocacy and direct service organization that has operated an overdose prevention program (OPP) with naloxone distribution since 2005. The program initially provided naloxone training and distribution only to people who use opioids (PWUO). In 2015, a change to state law enabled PPP to provide naloxone to anyone in a position to respond to an opioid-related overdose...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424117/acem-president-response-mandatory-misrepresentation
#16
Simon Judkins
With the challenges of modern media, political agendas and the power of special interest and pressure groups, specialist medical colleges increasingly have a significant role to play in health advocacy, and to stand up for human rights.
February 2018: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423364/promoting-evidence-informed-policymaking-for-maternal-and-child-health-in-nigeria-lessons-from-a-knowledge-translation-workshop
#17
Chigozie Jesse Uneke, Issiaka Sombie, Henry Chukwuemeka Uro-Chukwu, Yagana Gidado Mohammed, Ermel Johnson
Background: Knowledge translation (KT) is a process that ensures that research evidence gets translated into policy and practice. In Nigeria, reports indicate that research evidence rarely gets into policymaking process. A major factor responsible for this is lack of KT capacity enhancement mechanisms. The objective of this study was to improve KT competence of an implementation research team (IRT), policymakers and stakeholders in maternal and child health to enhance evidence-informed policymaking. Methods: This study employed a "before and after" design, modified as an intervention study...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422230/commercial-sexual-exploitation-of-children-health-care-use-and-case-characteristics
#18
Gail Hornor, Jennifer Sherfield
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe pediatric health care utilization, familial psychosocial factors, child sexual abuse case characteristics, and patient demographic characteristics of adolescents prior to or at the time of their most recent identification as a victim of commercialized sexual exploitation of children (CSEC). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for the above detailed information of all adolescents presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) or Child Advocacy Center (CAC) of a pediatric hospital with concerns of suspected CSEC...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421929/drug-evaluation-studies-in-neonates-how-to-overcome-the-current-limitations
#19
Karel Allegaert, Anne Smits, John van den Anker
Introduction Regulatory initiatives have stimulated drug research in infants, but the potential impact of drugs to improve health outcome in neonates remains underexplored. Areas covered In this review, we focus on current limitations in drug evaluation studies and how to overcome these. The low volume of studies has additional weaknesses such as single center studies, non-commercial sponsorship, overrepresentation of high postulated risk reductions, and underrepresentation of therapeutic exploratory studies...
February 8, 2018: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421459/-nothing-is-going-to-change-three-months-from-now-a-mixed-methods-characterization-of-food-bank-use-in-greater-vancouver
#20
Eleanor Holmes, Jennifer L Black, Amber Heckelman, Scott A Lear, Darlene Seto, Adeleke Fowokan, Hannah Wittman
North American food bank use has risen dramatically since the 1980s, and over 850,000 Canadians were estimated to have visited a food bank monthly in 2015. Food banks serve multiple roles in communities, ranging from 'emergency responses' to individualized and short-term experiences of hunger, to 'chronic' supports as part of long-term subsistence strategies. This study used a mixed-methods design to examine the spectrum of food bank user experiences in a large urban context, as part of a community-based project aiming to envision a redesign of the food bank to contribute to broader community food security outcomes...
January 31, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
keyword
keyword
74461
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"