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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906123/one-health-research-and-training-and-government-support-for-one-health-in-south-asia
#1
REVIEW
Joanna S McKenzie, Rojan Dahal, Manish Kakkar, Nitish Debnath, Mahmudur Rahman, Sithar Dorjee, Khalid Naeem, Tikiri Wijayathilaka, Barun Kumar Sharma, Nasir Maidanwal, Asmatullah Halimi, Eunmi Kim, Pranab Chatterjee, Brecht Devleesschauwer
INTRODUCTION: Considerable advocacy, funding, training, and technical support have been provided to South Asian countries to strengthen One Health (OH) collaborative approaches for controlling diseases with global human pandemic potential since the early 2000s. It is essential that the OH approach continues to be strengthened given South Asia is a hot spot for emerging and endemic zoonotic diseases. The objectives of this article are to describe OH research and training and capacity building activities and the important developments in government support for OH in these countries to identify current achievements and gaps...
2016: Infection Ecology & Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900742/-precision-nursing-individual-based-knowledge-translation
#2
Li-Chi Chiang, Mei-Ling Yeh, Sui-Lung Su
U.S. President Obama announced a new era of precision medicine in the Precision Medicine Initiative (PMI). This initiative aims to accelerate the progress of personalized medicine in light of individual requirements for prevention and treatment in order to improve the state of individual and public health. The recent and dramatic development of large-scale biologic databases (such as the human genome sequence), powerful methods for characterizing patients (such as genomics, microbiome, diverse biomarkers, and even pharmacogenomics), and computational tools for analyzing big data are maximizing the potential benefits of precision medicine...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887613/enhancing-evidence-use-in-public-health-nutrition-policymaking-theoretical-insights-from-a-new-zealand-case-study
#3
P Field, R Gauld, M Lawrence
BACKGROUND: Enhancing the use of evidence in policymaking is critical to addressing the global burden of nutrition-related disease. Whilst the public health nutrition community has embraced evidence-informed policymaking, their approach of defining relevant evidence and evaluating policy has not brought about major shifts in policymaking. This article uses a public health nutrition case study to refine a novel theory-informed framework for enhancing the use of evidence in government public health nutrition policymaking...
November 25, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886134/priority-actions-and-progress-to-substantially-and-sustainably-reduce-the-mortality-morbidity-and-socioeconomic-burden-of-tropical-snakebite
#4
Robert A Harrison, José María Gutiérrez
The deliberations and conclusions of a Hinxton Retreat convened in September 2015, entitled "Mechanisms to reverse the public health neglect of snakebite victims" are reported. The participants recommended that the following priority actions be included in strategies to reduce the global impact of snake envenoming: (a) collection of accurate global snakebite incidence, mortality and morbidity data to underpin advocacy efforts and help design public health campaigns; (b) promotion of (i) public education prevention campaigns; (ii) transport systems to improve access to hospitals and (iii) establishment of regional antivenom-efficacy testing facilities to ensure antivenoms' effectiveness and safety;...
November 24, 2016: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885958/articulating-reproductive-justice-through-reparative-justice-case-studies-of-abortion-in-great-britain-and-south-africa
#5
Catriona Ida Macleod, Siân Beynon-Jones, Merran Toerien
Public health and rights-based approaches to abortion advocacy are well established. Feminists are, however, increasingly using a broader framework of 'reproductive justice', which considers the intersecting conditions that serve to enhance or hinder women's reproductive freedoms, including their capacities to decide about the outcome of their pregnancies. Nonetheless, reproductive justice approaches to abortion are, conceptually, relatively under-developed. We introduce a reparative justice approach as a method of further articulating the concept of reproductive justice...
November 25, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885108/increasing-our-advocacy-capacity-through-hiv-community-mobilization-perspectives-from-emerging-and-mid-career-professionals
#6
Irene Ovalle, Oralia Loza, David Peralta-Torres, Jacob Martinez, Kristen Hernandez, Holly Mata
In this commentary, six public health practitioners and researchers discuss how their participation in the El Paso HIV Community Mobilization effort has contributed to their professional development and increased their collective capacity to advocate for practice and policy improvements that contribute to health equity in general and within the context of HIV prevention. Like previous commentaries in this department that have highlighted the value of the Certified Health Education Specialist credential (http://www...
November 23, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881193/message-framing-in-the-context-of-the-national-menu-labelling-policy-a-comparison-of-public-health-and-private-industry-interests
#7
Rachel C Shelton, James Colgrove, Grace Lee, Michelle Truong, Gina M Wingood
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a content analysis of public comments to understand the key framing approaches used by private industry v. public health sector, with the goal of informing future public health messaging, framing and advocacy in the context of policy making. DESIGN: Comments to the proposed menu-labelling policy were extracted from Regulations.gov and analysed. A framing matrix was used to organize and code key devices and themes. Documents were analysed using content analysis with Dedoose software...
November 24, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879502/labor-nurses-views-of-their-influence-on-cesarean-birth
#8
Kathleen Rice Simpson, Audrey Lyndon
BACKGROUND: As part of an ongoing study about nurse staffing during labor and birth sponsored by the Association of Women's Health, Obstetric, and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN), the researchers considered outcomes that may be linked to aspects of labor nursing. The purpose of this study was to see if labor nurses felt they influenced whether a woman has a cesarean birth. These data were used to determine if cesarean birth should be included as an outcome measure in the multistate labor nurse staffing study...
November 22, 2016: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879297/addressing-the-mental-health-needs-of-latino-children-in-immigrant-families
#9
Tania Maria Caballero, Lisa Ross DeCamp, Rheanna E Platt, Harita Shah, Sara B Johnson, Erica M S Sibinga, Sarah Polk
Latino children in the United States, whether immigrants themselves or children in immigrant families, are at high risk for mental health disorders stemming from poverty, exposure to trauma, assimilation stressors, and discrimination. The timely identification and treatment of mental health disorders in Latino children are compromised by limited healthcare access and quality as well as the lack of routine mental health screening in pediatric primary care. Here we review Spanish-language validity and implementation studies of Bright Futures previsit mental health screening tools and models of care...
November 21, 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875834/medical-social-and-supportive-services-for-older-adults-with-hiv
#10
Lisa E Cox, Mark Brennan-Ing
Older people living with HIV are increasingly requiring formal supportive community-based services. Supportive services are essential to medical care and treatment for older people living with HIV/AIDS. This chapter considers Andersen's behavioral model of health services, and explores the predisposing, enabling, and need factors that affect service utilization among the older HIV population. The Andersen model provides a lens to understand the need for supportive services to go beyond primary medical care...
2017: Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872274/voices-through-cameras-using-photovoice-to-explore-food-justice-issues-with-minority-youth-in-east-harlem-new-york
#11
May May Leung, Alen Agaronov, Tara Entwistle, Lorene Harry, Julie Sharkey-Buckley, Nicholas Freudenberg
Engaging and empowering youth to promote health could be important in promoting sustainable positive behaviors. Photovoice is a community-based participatory research tool giving priority populations opportunities for active community engagement and advocacy through photography. Our project objective was to better understand youth perceptions related to food justice within their own community and identify solutions to promote positive change, using photovoice. Twelve minority youth from a low-income New York City neighborhood participated...
November 21, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866945/a-global-call-from-five-countries-to-collaborate-in-antibiotic-stewardship-united-we-succeed-divided-we-might-fail
#12
REVIEW
Debra A Goff, Ravina Kullar, Ellie J C Goldstein, Mark Gilchrist, Dilip Nathwani, Allen C Cheng, Kelly A Cairns, Kevin Escandón-Vargas, Maria Virginia Villegas, Adrian Brink, Dena van den Bergh, Marc Mendelson
In February, 2016, WHO released a report for the development of national action plans to address the threat of antibiotic resistance, the catastrophic consequences of inaction, and the need for antibiotic stewardship. Antibiotic stewardship combined with infection prevention comprises a collaborative, multidisciplinary approach to optimise use of antibiotics. Efforts to mitigate overuse will be unsustainable without learning and coordinating activities globally. In this Personal View, we provide examples of international collaborations to address optimal prescribing, focusing on five countries that have developed different approaches to antibiotic stewardship-the USA, South Africa, Colombia, Australia, and the UK...
November 17, 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866451/health-advocacy
#13
Maria Hubinette, Sarah Dobson, Ian Scott, Jonathan Sherbino
In the medical profession, activities related to ensuring access to care, navigating the system, mobilizing resources, addressing health inequities, influencing health policy and creating system change are known as health advocacy. Foundational concepts in health advocacy include social determinants of health and health inequities. The social determinants of health (i.e. the conditions in which people live and work) account for a significant proportion of an individual's and a population's health outcomes. Health inequities are disparities in health between populations, perpetuated by economic, social, and political forces...
November 21, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865132/a-network-approach-to-policy-framing-a-case-study-of-the-national-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-health-plan
#14
Jennifer Browne, Evelyne de Leeuw, Deborah Gleeson, Karen Adams, Petah Atkinson, Rick Hayes
Aboriginal health policy in Australia represents a unique policy subsystem comprising a diverse network of Aboriginal-specific and "mainstream" organisations, often with competing interests. This paper describes the network structure of organisations attempting to influence national Aboriginal health policy and examines how the different subgroups within the network approached the policy discourse. Public submissions made as part of a policy development process for the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Plan were analysed using a novel combination of network analysis and qualitative framing analysis...
November 9, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859597/quality-of-care-for-people-with-dementia-and-professional-caregivers-perspectives-regarding-palliative-care-in-japanese-community-care-settings
#15
Miharu Nakanishi, Kayo Hirooka, Yuko Morimoto, Atsushi Nishida
OBJECTIVE: Palliative care for dementia includes psychosocial interventions as first-line treatment for challenging behaviour. However, the national dementia plan in Japan contradicts recommendations for palliative care for dementia. This study aimed to examine the association between care quality for patients with dementia and professional caregivers' perspectives regarding palliative care for dementia in Japanese community care settings. METHODS: In total, 2116 professional caregivers from 329 agencies (217 in-home long-term care support providers; 29 small-scale, multiple home-care providers; and 83 group homes) in Tokyo prefecture, Japan, completed cross-sectional, paper-based questionnaires about 3603 people diagnosed with dementia, in May 2016...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854451/provider-lived-experience-and-stigma
#16
J Irene Harris, Jennie Leskela, Lisa Hoffman-Konn
Despite professional values about advocacy for people managing mental health challenges, research on mental health providers indicates that this group expresses as much or more stigma than laypeople. This article reports on a continuing education needs assessment of 101 mental health providers, including evaluation of (a) knowledge about recovery-oriented care, (b) work engagement, (c) provider lived experience with mental health challenges, and (d) stigma, measured as disidentification. In this group of providers, recovery knowledge, lived experience, and work engagement were associated with less stigma toward clients...
2016: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848747/results-from-qatar-s-2016-active-healthy-kids-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#17
Mohamed G Al-Kuwari, Izzeldin A Ibrahim, Eiman M Al Hammadi, John J Reilly
BACKGROUND: The first Qatar Active Healthy Kids (QAHK) Report Card was developed in 2015-2016. It is a synthesis of the available evidence on physical activity in children and youth in the state of Qatar-an assessment of the state of the nation. The report card is important for future physical activity advocacy, policy, and program development. METHODS: The QAHK Report Card was inspired by the Active Healthy Kids Scotland 2013 Report Card. The methodology used in Scotland's report card was adapted for Qatar...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847349/assessing-the-viability-of-social-media-for-disseminating-evidence-based-nutrition-practice-guideline-through-content-analysis-of-twitter-messages-and-health-professional-interviews-an-observational-study
#18
Rosa K Hand, Deric Kenne, Taylor M Wolfram, Jenica K Abram, Michael Fleming
BACKGROUND: Given the high penetration of social media use, social media has been proposed as a method for the dissemination of information to health professionals and patients. This study explored the potential for social media dissemination of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Evidence-Based Nutrition Practice Guideline (EBNPG) for Heart Failure (HF). OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to (1) describe the existing social media content on HF, including message content, source, and target audience, and (2) describe the attitude of physicians and registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs) who care for outpatient HF patients toward the use of social media as a method to obtain information for themselves and to share this information with patients...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846918/neurology-health-advocacy-curriculum-needs-assessment-curricular-content-and-underlying-components
#19
Ahmad Rida Abuzinadah, Lara Cooke
BACKGROUND: Lack of a health advocacy curriculum and clarity are obstacles for effectively teaching neurology health advocacy (NHA) to neurology residents. Our purpose is to assess the need and develop content for a NHA curriculum and to describe its underlying components. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with two steps. In step one, neurologists and neurology residents at University of Calgary were surveyed about their perception of teaching NHA and asked to rank 56 neurological diseases on a Likert scale based on how well they lend themselves to teaching health advocacy...
November 16, 2016: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843893/evaluating-the-efficacy-of-the-support-for-life-program-for-people-with-dementia-and-their-families-and-carers-to-enable-them-to-live-well-a-protocol-for-a-cluster-stepped-wedge-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Dianne Goeman, Tracy Comans, Joanne C Enticott, Emma Renehan, Elizabeth Beattie, Susan Kurrle, Susan Koch
INTRODUCTION: Assistance provided to support people living with dementia and carers is highly valued by them. However, current support systems in Australia are disjointed, inaccessible to all, poorly coordinated, and focus on dysfunction rather than ability. Support workers for people with dementia are in short supply, and there is little consistency in their roles. To address this large service gap and unmet need, we have developed an evidence-based optimized model of holistic support for people with dementia and their carers and families...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
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