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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425261/central-line-associated-blood-stream-infections-characteristics-and-risk-factors-for-mortality-over-a-5-5-year-period
#1
Aynur Atilla, Zahide Doğanay, Hale Kefeli Çelik, Mehmet Derya Demirağ, Sırrı S Kiliç
BACKGROUND/AIM: Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) are associated with substantial morbidity and mortality and the infection rates vary in a wide range1397645907(high: 62.5%; low: 20%) in developing countries. We aimed to investigate the characteristics and the risk factors for mortality in patients with CLABSIs in intensive care units (ICUs) and provide the relevant data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The electronic medical records database and file records obtained through active surveillance by an infection control committee of a hospital were screened to identify patients with CLABSIs hospitalized from January 2008 through July 2013...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425226/a-review-of-pediatric-pulmonary-hypertension-with-new-guidelines
#2
Serdar Kula, Ayhan Pektaş
This study aims to review pediatric pulmonary hypertension (PH) by comparing the guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC)/European Respiratory Society (ERS), the American Heart Association (AHA)/American Thoracic Society (ATS), and the European Pediatric Pulmonary Vascular Disease Network (EPPVDN). All three sets of guidelines define PH as having a mean pulmonary artery pressure of ≥25 mmHg and accept the validity of the World Health Organization (WHO) classification system. Every child with a high index of suspicion for PH should undergo an initial work-up of chest X-rays, electrocardiography, and echocardiography...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424922/assistive-technology-for-ultrasound-guided-central-venous-catheter-placement
#3
REVIEW
Mohammad Ikhsan, Kok Kiong Tan, Andi Sudjana Putra
This study evaluated the existing technology used to improve the safety and ease of ultrasound-guided central venous catheterization. Electronic database searches were conducted in Scopus, IEEE, Google Patents, and relevant conference databases (SPIE, MICCAI, and IEEE conferences) for related articles on assistive technology for ultrasound-guided central venous catheterization. A total of 89 articles were examined and pointed to several fields that are currently the focus of improvements to ultrasound-guided procedures...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424135/bladder-fill-after-laparoscopic-inguinal-hernia-repair-reduces-time-to-discharge
#4
Blair A Wormer, Samuel W Ross, Amanda L Walters, Timothy S Kuwada
Laparoscopic inguinal herniorrhaphy (LIH) has a relatively high risk of urinary retention. Bladder dysfunction may delay discharge after LIH. We hypothesized that filling the bladder before Foley catheter removal decreases time to discharge (TTD) after LIH. A secondary aim was to determine incidence of postoperative urinary retention (POUR) after bladder fill (BF). We reviewed a consecutive series of total extraperitoneal and transabdominal preperitoneal LIH procedures performed by a single surgeon at our institution from 2010 to 2013...
April 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422851/relation-between-serum-myokines-and-phase-ii-cardiac-rehabilitation
#5
Der-Sheng Han, Ming-Yen Hsiao, Tyng-Guey Wang, Ssu-Yuan Chen, Wei-Shiung Yang
Patients with coronary heart disease or acute myocardial infarction after cardiac catheterization with stenting referred for phase II cardiac rehabilitation (CR) were grouped according to their preference. Cardio-pulmonary exercise testing (CPET) was used to determine oxygen uptake ((Equation is included in full-text article.)) at peak exercise and anaerobic threshold (AT). The control patients received counseling only while the experiment group received 36 sessions of CR in 3 to 6 months. Exercise physiology parameters and serum myokines (myostatin, insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were measured pre- and postrehabilitation...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422842/the-role-of-renoscintigraphy-and-surgery-in-the-management-of-page-kidney-a-case-report
#6
Yu-Li Chiu, Chin Hu, Sin-Di Lee, Po-Yin Chen, Cheng-Pin Wang
RATIONALE: Page kidney is an uncommon condition that hypertension occurs secondary to microvascular ischemia and alternation of small-vessel hemodynamics due to external compression of renal parenchyma and activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. There are no specific guidelines for the management of Page kidney in the literatures. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 17-year-old teenager who had Fontan procedure for tricuspid and pulmonary atresia in early childhood suffered from sudden onset of severe left flank pain during cardiac catheterization procedure...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420645/association-between-chronic-kidney-disease-and-rates-of-transfusion-and-progression-to-end-stage-renal-disease-in-patients-undergoing-transradial-versus-transfemoral-cardiac-catheterization-an-analysis-from-the-veterans-affairs-clinical-assessment-reporting
#7
Amit N Vora, Maggie Stanislawski, Gary K Grunwald, Mary E Plomondon, John S Rumsfeld, Thomas M Maddox, Mladen I Vidovich, Walter Woody, Brahmajee K Nallamothu, Hitinder S Gurm, Sunil V Rao
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at increased risk for bleeding, transfusion, and dialysis after cardiac catheterization. Whether rates of these complications are increased in this high-risk population undergoing transradial access compared with transfemoral access is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: From the Veterans Affairs (VA) Clinical Assessment Reporting and Tracking program, we identified 229 108 patients undergoing cardiac catheterization between 2007 and 2014, of which 48 155 (21...
April 18, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420498/intraoperative-aortic-balloon-occlusion-in-patients-with-placenta-previa-and-or-placenta-accreta-a-retrospective-study
#8
Fangyuan Luo, Lan Xie, Ping Xie, Siwei Liu, Yue Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To introduce the primary experience of using aortic balloon catheters during cesarean section for placenta previa and/or placenta accreta. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2013 to May 2015, 43 patients who were preoperatively diagnosed with major placenta previa and/or placenta accreta and who underwent prophylactic aortic catheterization before caesarean section (CS) were included in the study. We analyzed the clinical data of the study population...
April 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419790/the-many-radial-access-learning-curves
#9
William B Hillegass
The radial approach to endovascular procedures has a series of learning curves: diagnostic heart catheterization, low-risk settings and "straightforward" percutaneous coronary intervention, high-risk settings, and complex coronary intervention, and peripheral vascular angiography and intervention. For diagnostic and low-risk interventional procedures, incremental improvements in technical success and safety are observed in the initial 200 procedures for most operators compared to highly experienced operators...
April 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418788/factors-associated-with-delayed-cooling-in-cardiac-arrest-patients
#10
David A Pearson, Katherine Mayer, Catherine M Wares, Michael S Runyon, Jonathan R Studnek, Shana L Ward, Kathi M Kraft, Alan C Heffner
Therapeutic hypothermia has been shown to improve neurologic outcome in medical cardiac arrest patients, yet little is known about factors that delay target temperature achievement. Our primary aim was to identify factors associated with not achieving our institutional "door-to-cool" (DTC) performance goal (emergency department [ED] arrival to temperature of 34°C) of ≤4 hours. Secondary aims included whether achievement of DTC goal was associated with timing of bolus neuromuscular blockade (NMB), survival, or functional outcome...
April 18, 2017: Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416390/fluoroscopy-guided-placement-of-pull-type-mushroom-retained-gastrostomy-tubes-in-102-patients
#11
G Kahriman, N Ozcan, H Donmez
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the technical and clinical results of fluoroscopy-guided placement of pull-type mushroom-retained gastrostomy tubes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 102 patients (61 men, 41 women) with a mean age of 59years±16.3 (SD) (range, 18-94years) who had fluoroscopy-guided placement of pull-type mushroom-retained gastrostomy tubes. All procedures were performed after inflating the stomach with air via an orally inserted 5-Fr catheter by retrograde catheterization of the esophagogastric junction...
April 14, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414761/identification-of-a-plasma-metabolomic-signature-of-thrombotic-myocardial-infarction-that-is-distinct-from-non-thrombotic-myocardial-infarction-and-stable-coronary-artery-disease
#12
Andrew P DeFilippis, Patrick J Trainor, Bradford G Hill, Alok R Amraotkar, Shesh N Rai, Glenn A Hirsch, Eric C Rouchka, Aruni Bhatnagar
AIMS: Current non-invasive diagnostics for acute myocardial infarction (MI) identify myocardial necrosis rather than the primary cause and therapeutic target-plaque disruption and resultant thrombosis. The aim of this study was to identify changes specific to plaque disruption and pathological thrombosis that are distinct from acute myocardial necrosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: We quantified 1,032 plasma metabolites by mass spectrometry in 11 thrombotic MI, 12 non-thrombotic MI, and 15 stable coronary artery disease (CAD) subjects at two acute phase (time of catheterization [T0], six hours [T6]) and one quiescent (>3 months follow-up) time points...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414673/purulent-pericarditis-due-to-an-infected-pacemaker-lead
#13
Teresa Backes
INTRODUCTION: Intravenous drug users have a substantially increased risk of infective endocarditis, especially in the setting of implanted cardiac devices. Purulent pericarditis is a rare occurrence that can occur iatrogenically or through direct or hematogenous spread. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 75 year old man with a past medical history significant for hepatitis C, IV drug abuse, and sick sinus syndrome status post pacemaker was brought in by EMS with a chief complaint of diaphoresis and chest pain...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414672/a-strong-and-fortuitous-case-of-dyspnea
#14
R Hammer, M Sciaudone
CASE: A 48 year-old man with no past medical history was sent to our emergency department (ED); from a primary care clinic for hypertensive urgency of 200/130. The man reported an intermittent non-productive cough of approximately one year's duration and worsening dyspnea on exertion and orthopnea over the last month with lower extremity swelling. Of note, he emigrated from Honduras twenty years ago. Blood pressure normalized with administration of Lasix in the ED. Physical exam revealed rales in lung bases bilaterally, jugular venous distension, lower extremity pitting edema with serpiginous patches of erythema and excoriation, and a cardiac gallop...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414671/three-s-a-crowd-an-extremely-rare-case-of-cor-triatriatum-dexter
#15
A Elagizi, R Marvin, G O'Bryan, V Vyas, L Arcement
INTRODUCTION: Cor triatriatum is a congenital cardiac anomaly in which the left (sinister) or right (dexter) atrium is divided into two compartments by residual embryonic tissue, resulting in a tri-atrial heart. As cor triatriatum dextrum can present clinically in various ways and have multiple associated cardiac anomalies, this report attempts to contribute to what is known about this exceedingly rare disorder. CASE: A 40 year old Hispanic man with a medical history of gastritis presented with complaints of palpitations, dizziness and bilateral lower extremity edema...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414667/the-mysterious-case-of-dyspnea
#16
S Saad, N Turaga, J Grant, N Jain
INTRODUCTION: Dehiscence of a mitral valve annuloplasty ring is a rare occurrence that often manifests as mitral regurgitation and heart failure. We present a case of mitral ring dehiscence which was initially unrecognized by standard 2-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (2D TTE); and 2-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (2D TEE);. CASE: A 65-year-old woman was referred to Cardiology clinic for evaluation of dyspnea. Her history included tobacco abuse, atrial fibrillation status post pulmonary vein isolation, nonischemic cardiomyopathy, and prior mitral valve repair with annuloplasty ring for rheumatic valvular disease...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413306/urogenital-management-in-cloaca-an-alternative-approach
#17
Harshjeet Singh Bal, Sudipta Sen, Cenita Sam, Jacob Chacko, John Mathai, S R Regunandan
INTRODUCTION: In the management of cloaca, there is concern that dissection of the urogenital sinus in early childhood with the aim of total anatomical correction is hazardous. Avoiding such mobilization and providing mitrofanoff channel, when needed, till peripubertal period reduces complications and is technically easier. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-three cases of cloaca were managed in the period 2004-2016. Case records and radiology were reviewed retrospectively...
April 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413276/comparison-between-ketamine-and-hyoscine-for-the-management-of-postoperative-catheter-related-bladder-discomfort-a-randomized-controlled-double-blind-study
#18
Atef Kamel Salama
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Postoperative catheter-related bladder discomfort (CRBD) can be a distressing complication for patients in whom a urinary catheter was inserted intraoperatively and is accompanied with patients' dissatisfaction. This trial investigated the efficacy of hyoscine and ketamine on treatment of postoperative CRBD in patients undergoing various surgeries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a prospective randomized, double-blind study, which included 60 American Society of Anesthesiologists Class I-II male patients undergoing elective nonurological operations requiring intraoperative urinary catheterization under general anesthesia after ethical approval and written informed consent...
January 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413187/noninvasive-fractional-flow-reserve-derived-from-coronary-computed-tomography-angiography%C3%A3-is-this-just-another-new-diagnostic-test-or-the-long-awaited-game-changer
#19
Hiromasa Otake, Charles A Taylor, Hitoshi Matsuo, Nobuhiro Tanaka, Takashi Akasaka
Despite the clinical importance of ischemia evaluation, obtaining fractional flow reserve (FFR) value has, heretofore, only been available during invasive cardiac catheterization. Although there is a clear linkage between morphology and physiology, a significant gap still exists. FFR derived from coronary computed tomography angiography (FFRCT) is a novel method of quantifying the hemodynamic significance of coronary artery stenoses by translating morphological information into hemodynamic data. Improved diagnostic performance of FFRCThas been repeatedly demonstrated in comparison with coronary computed tomography angiography alone with an invasive FFR reference standard...
April 11, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412932/isolation-of-enterococci-their-antimicrobial-susceptibility-patterns-and-associated-factors-among-patients-attending-at-the-university-of-gondar-teaching-hospital
#20
Amelework Yilema, Feleke Moges, Sisay Tadele, Mengistu Endris, Afework Kassu, Wondwossen Abebe, Getnet Ayalew
BACKGROUND: Enterococci become clinically important especially in immune compromised patients and important causes of nosocomial infections. Data on the prevalence, antimicrobial susceptibility patterns and associated factors of enterococci are scarce in Ethiopia. METHODS: A hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted at the University of Gondar Teaching Hospital from February 28, 2014 to May 1, 2014. Pretested structured questionnaire was used to collect socio-demographic data and possible associated factors of enterococci infections...
April 17, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
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