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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101723/role-of-high-resolution-computerized-tomography-chest-in-identifying-tubercular-etiology-in-patients-diagnosed-as-eales-disease
#1
Ranju Kharel Sitaula, Vandana Iyer, Veena Noronha, Parthopratim Dutta Majumder, Jyotirmay Biswas
BACKGROUND: The high resolution computerized tomography of chest is an important diagnostic imaging tool to identify any pulmonary tubercular lesion. It's role in Eales' disease to identify any possible association with pulomonary tuberculosis has not been studied earlier. So, this study was conducted to assess the role of high resolution computerized tomography (HRCT) chest in identifying tuberculous etiology in Eales' disease. RESULTS: It was a retrospective study conducted at a tertiary care eye hospital in South India between January 2009 and October 2014 were included...
December 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101681/extended-liver-venous-deprivation-before-major-hepatectomy-induces-marked-and-very-rapid-increase-in-future-liver-remnant-function
#2
Boris Guiu, François Quenet, Laure Escal, Frédéric Bibeau, Lauranne Piron, Philippe Rouanet, Jean-Michel Fabre, Eric Jacquet, Alban Denys, Pierre-Olivier Kotzki, Daniel Verzilli, Emmanuel Deshayes
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of extended liver venous deprivation (eLVD), i.e. combination of right portal vein embolisation and right (accessory right) and middle hepatic vein embolisation before major hepatectomy for future remnant liver (FRL) functional increase. METHODS: eLVD was performed in non-cirrhotic patients referred for major hepatectomy in a context of small FRL (baseline FRL <25% of the total liver volume or FRL function <2...
January 18, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101162/correlation-between-high-perfusion-syndrome-and-stent-restenosis-after-stent-implantation
#3
Yingyi Li, Lingtao Tang, Dong Qi, Chunlei Wang, Suxia Zhang, Pengfei Hu, Yun Wang, Bogang Zhang, Kunxi Zhang
The present study was conducted to determine the correlation between high perfusion syndrome and stent restenosis after cerebral vascular stent implantation. A total of 146 patients diagnosed with cerebral vascular stenosis and stent implantation were selected. A total of 55 cases (37.67%) of cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome patients were diagnosed by xenon-enhanced computer tomography (Xe-CT) examination and clinical symptoms within 3 days after surgery and were chosen as the observation group. A total of 91 cases were selected as the control group...
December 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100943/comparison-of-the-clinical-outcome-and-complications-in-laparoscopic-hernia-repair-of-inguinal-hernia-with-mesh-fixation-using-fibrin-glue-vs-tacker
#4
Prasant Chandra, Deepak Phalgune, Shashank Shah
Although laparoscopic repair offers a quick and less morbid way of treating hernias, complications like hematoma, seroma, neuralgia, recurrence, mesh infection, hydrocele, etc. are known. The present study was undertaken to compare various clinical outcomes between mesh fixation using fibrin glue and mesh fixation with tacker in a 3-months follow-up. One hundred patients aged 18 to 60 years having inguinal hernia admitted in Poona Hospital and Research Centre, Pune, between October 2012 and November 2014 for laparoscopic hernia surgery and ready to participate in this study were included...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100857/-clinical-features-and-findings-in-patients-with-unruptured-intracranial-aneurysms-aged-%C3%A2-80-years
#5
Tetsuhiro Kamo, Naoki Akioka, Daina Kashiwazaki, Masaki Koh, Naoya Kuwayama, Satoshi Kuroda
OBJECTIVE: It is difficult to decide whether to treat unruptured intracranial aneurysm(UIA)in elderly patients aged ≥80 years because they have potentially shorter life expectancy and risks related to treatment. Here, we report the results of the treatment of patients aged ≥80 years. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed in patients who underwent surgical or endovascular treatment between April 2012 and December 2015 at our institution. RESULTS: Between April 2012 and December 2015 we treated 130 UIA patients who presented with 145 aneurysms and 12 patients who presented with 14 aneurysms, who were aged ≥80 years...
January 2017: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100523/endothelial-dysfunction-in-the-early-postoperative-period-after-major-colon-cancer-surgery
#6
S Ekeloef, M H H Larsen, A M V Schou-Pedersen, J Lykkesfeldt, J Rosenberg, I Gögenür
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that endothelial dysfunction in the early postoperative period promotes myocardial injury after non-cardiac surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of colon cancer surgery on endothelial function and the association with the l-arginine-nitric oxide pathway postoperatively. METHODS: Patients undergoing elective colon cancer surgery (n = 31) were included in this prospective observational cohort study. Endothelial function, as measured using the reactive hyperaemia index (RHI), was assessed non-invasively using digital pulse tonometry...
February 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099297/sedentary-behavior-cadence-and-physical-activity-outcomes-after-knee-arthroplasty
#7
Sandra C Webber, Shaelyn M Strachan, Navjot S Pachu
PURPOSE: This study comprehensively examined sedentary behaviour and physical activity patterns in people with severe knee osteoarthritis awaiting total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and in individuals after TKA. METHODS: Pre-operative (n=32, mean ± SD = 69.9 ± 5.3 yr) and one-year post-operative participants with TKA (n=38, 67.9 ± 7.3 yr) wore ActiGraph GT3X+ activity monitors for 6.8 ± 0.6 days. Total sedentary time, time in long sedentary bouts (≥ 30 min) and physical activity outcomes (steps, time in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity [MVPA], cadence) were examined...
January 17, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099283/the-characteristics-of-excimer-laser-refractive-surgery-candidates
#8
Hassan Hashemi, Mehdi Khabazkhoob, Reza Pakzad, Abbasali Yekta, Marzieh Nojomi, Payam Nabovati
PURPOSE: To determine the demographic and refractive characteristics of excimer laser refractive surgery candidates in Iran. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study between 2010 and 2014. All information was collected from 28 centers randomly selected from 12 provinces. Then, for each season of the year, one week was chosen through simple random selection, and within each week, 3 days were again chosen randomly. All excimer laser surgical procedures performed during these 3 days were identified by training staff, and data were extracted from patient charts...
January 17, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098079/hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-for-peritoneal-surface-malignancies-a-single-institution-indian-experience
#9
S P Somashekhar, G Prasanna, Rajshekhar Jaka, Amit Rauthan, H S Murthy, Sunil Karanth
BACKGROUND: Cytoreductive surgery followed by hyper- thermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) has shown better oncological outcomes in peritoneal surface malignancies (PSM). We assessed the feasibility and perioperative outcomes of this procedure in Indian patients. METHODS: In this prospective observational study from February 2013 to April 2015, we included 56 patients (41 females, 73.2%) with PSM. They had a good performance status, were either treatment-naïve or previously treated by surgery and systemic chemotherapy...
September 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098059/laparoscopic-ileocecal-resection-in-acute-and-chronic-presentations-of-crohn-s-disease-a-single-center-experience
#10
G Cocorullo, R Tutino, N Falco, G Salamone, T Fontana, L Licari, G Gulotta
INTRODUCTION: The terminal ileum is the most involved tract in Crohn's disease. The obstruction in this location is the most frequent complication. Acute or chronic presentations can occur. Surgery finds a role in the management of chronic strictures and in acute clinical presentations with complications not improving with conservative therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We investigate the outcome of patients with obstruction of the ileo-cecal bowel tract laparoscopically managed...
September 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097936/experimental-study-on-tissue-phantoms-to-understand-the-effect-of-injury-and-suturing-on-human-skin-mechanical-properties
#11
Arnab Chanda, Vinu Unnikrishnan, Zachary Flynn, Kim Lackey
Skin injuries are the most common type of injuries occurring in day-to-day life. A skin injury usually manifests itself in the form of a wound or a cut. While a shallow wound may heal by itself within a short time, deep wounds require surgical interventions such as suturing for timely healing. To date, suturing practices are based on a surgeon's experience and may vary widely from one situation to another. Understanding the mechanics of wound closure and suturing of the skin is crucial to improve clinical suturing practices and also to plan automated robotic surgeries...
January 2017: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097852/laryngotracheal-edema-due-to-thermal-injury-a-complication-after-thyroidectomy-in-children
#12
Pinar Kendigelen, Ayse C Tutuncu, Gulruh Ashyralyyeva, Senol Emreb, Seval Urkmez, Tughan Utkua, Guner Kaya
Postoperative respiratory insufficiency is a serious complication of total thyroidectomies which can be multifactorial, especially in children. We report two siblings who had undergone thyroidectomy with subsequent respiratory distress. Electrothermal bipolar and harmonic scalpel were used during thyroid dissections. Both patients had early postoperative respiratory problems. The older one suffered from mild respiratory distress for 24 hours and then he spontaneously recovered. The younger one was extubated but then she had serious stridor accompanied with abdominal and intercostal retractions...
1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097179/the-comparison-of-two-types-of-relaxation-techniques-on-postoperative-state-anxiety-in-candidates-for-the-mastectomy-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#13
Zohreh Parsa Yekta, Fatemeh Sadeghian, Taraneh Taghavi Larijani, Abbas Mehran
BACKGROUND: Anxiety among patients after surgery can affect their physiological and psychological well-being. The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the effects of Benson's relaxation and rhythmic breathing techniques on postoperative anxiety in candidates for the mastectomy surgery. METHODS: This randomized controlled clinical trial study was conducted with ninety patients in 2013. The patients were hospitalized for the mastectomy surgery in three surgical wards in a teaching hospital, Tehran, Iran...
January 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096921/a-sequential-comparison-of-postoperative-voiding-function-between-two-different-transobturator-sling-procedures
#14
Don Kyoung Choi, Ha Bum Jung, Young Goo Lee, Ki Kyung Kim, Sung Tae Cho
INTRODUCTION: We evaluated sequential postoperative voiding function of two types of sling procedures (Monarc(®) and ALIGN(®)) in patients with stress urinary incontinence. METHODS: Ninety-one women diagnosed with urodynamic stress incontinence were randomly assigned to the study. All enrolled patients underwent Monarc or ALIGN procedure. They were postoperatively evaluated at one day, one week, one month, three months, 12 months, and 24 months. The voiding function was evaluated with uroflowmetry and post-void residual urine...
November 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096515/tonsillectomy-versus-watchful-waiting-for-recurrent-throat-infection-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Anna Morad, Nila A Sathe, David O Francis, Melissa L McPheeters, Sivakumar Chinnadurai
CONTEXT: The effectiveness of tonsillectomy or adenotonsillectomy ("tonsillectomy") for recurrent throat infection compared with watchful waiting is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To compare sleep, cognitive, behavioral, and health outcomes of tonsillectomy versus watchful waiting in children with recurrent throat infections. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library. STUDY SELECTION: Two investigators independently screened studies against predetermined criteria...
January 17, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096064/evaluation-of-financial-burdens-following-complications-after-major-surgery-in-france-potential-returns-after-perioperative-goal-directed-therapy
#16
Alain Landais, Morgane Morel, Jacques Goldstein, Jerôme Loriau, Annie Fresnel, Corinne Chevalier, Gilles Rejasse, Pascal Alfonsi, Claude Ecoffey
OBJECTIVE: Perioperative goal directed therapy (PGDT) has been demonstrated to improve postoperative outcomes and reduce the length of hospital stays. The objective of our analysis was to evaluate the cost of complications, derived from French hospital payments, and calculate the potential cost savings and length of hospital stay reductions. METHODS: The billing of 2,388 patients who underwent scheduled high-risk surgery (i.e. major abdominal, gynaecologic, urological, vascular, and orthopaedic interventions) over three years was retrospectively collected from three French hospitals (one public - teaching, one public, and one private hospital)...
January 13, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095701/malignant-bowel-obstruction-in-advanced-ovarian-cancer
#17
Emma Dean, Leila Khoja, Andrew Clamp, Gordon C Jayson, Dilly Goonetilleke, Alicia M Conway, Jurjees Hasan
AIM: Malignant bowel obstruction (MBO) in ovarian cancer is poorly understood. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study analyzed 129 patients with ovarian cancer and MBO. RESULTS: At presentation, 69 (53%) had platinum-resistant, 37 (29%) platinum-sensitive and 23 (18%) chemotherapy-naive disease. In patients receiving chemotherapy following the MBO episode, median overall survival (OS) was 107 days for chemotherapy-naive patients compared with 83 and 86 for platinum-sensitive or platinum-resistant patients (p = 0...
January 18, 2017: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095527/satisfaction-and-clinical-outcomes-among-patients-with-immediately-loaded-mandibular-overdentures-supported-by-one-or-two-dental-implants-results-of-a-5-year-prospective-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Mats Kronstrom, Ben Davis, Robert Loney, Jack Gerrow, Lars Hollender
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate patient satisfaction and clinical outcomes among subjects with mandibular overdentures supported by one or two immediately placed dental implants 5 years after loading. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six subjects (16 men and 20 women) received one or two dental implants in the anterior mandible, and all implants were loaded the day of surgery. Subjects were scheduled for follow-up 3-, 6-, and 12 months after implant placement and thereafter annually for 4 more years...
January 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094166/carotid-stenting-prior-to-coronary-bypass-surgery-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
K I Paraskevas, S Nduwayo, A N Saratzis, A R Naylor
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to determine 30-day outcomes in patients with concurrent carotid and cardiac disease who underwent carotid artery stenting (CAS) followed by coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: This was a systematic review with searches of PubMed/Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases. "Same-day" procedures involved CAS + CABG being performed on the same day, and "staged" interventions involved at least 1 day's delay between undergoing CAS and then CABG...
January 13, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092294/outcomes-of-a-combined-approach-of-percutaneous-coronary-revascularization-and-cardiac-valve-surgery
#20
Orlando Santana, Sandeep Singla, Christos G Mihos, Andrés M Pineda, Gregg W Stone, Paul A Kurlansky, Isaac George, Ajay J Kirtane, Craig R Smith, Nirat Beohar
A subset of patients requiring coronary revascularization and valve surgery may benefit from a combined approach of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and valve surgery, as opposed to the standard median sternotomy approach of combined coronary artery bypass and valve surgery. To evaluate its potential benefits and limitations, a literature search was performed using PubMed, EMBASE, Ovid, and the Cochrane library, through March 2016 to identify all studies involving a combined approach of PCI and valve surgery in patients with coronary artery and valvular disease...
January 13, 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
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