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Colonic surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679878/modeling-of-intracerebral-interictal-epileptic-discharges-evidence-for-network-interactions
#1
Stephan Meesters, Pauly Ossenblok, Albert Colon, Louis Wagner, Olaf Schijns, Paul Boon, Luc Florack, Andrea Fuster
OBJECTIVE: The interictal epileptic discharges (IEDs) occurring in stereotactic EEG (SEEG) recordings are in general abundant compared to ictal discharges, but difficult to interpret due to complex underlying network interactions. A framework is developed to model these network interactions. METHODS: To identify the synchronized neuronal activity underlying the IEDs, the variation in correlation over time of the SEEG signals is related to the occurrence of IEDs using the general linear model...
April 11, 2018: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677641/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-1-year-adjuvant-chemotherapy-with-oral-tegafur-uracil-versus-surgery-alone-in-stage-ii-colon-cancer-sacura-trial
#2
Chu Matsuda, Megumi Ishiguro, Satoshi Teramukai, Yoshiki Kajiwara, Shoichi Fujii, Yusuke Kinugasa, Yoshihiko Nakamoto, Masanori Kotake, Yoshiyuki Sakamoto, Kiyotaka Kurachi, Atsuyuki Maeda, Koji Komori, Naohiro Tomita, Yasuhiro Shimada, Keiichi Takahashi, Kenjiro Kotake, Masahiko Watanabe, Hidetaka Mochizuki, Yoko Nakagawa, Kenichi Sugihara
BACKGROUND: Efficacy of adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with stage II colon cancer is still controversial. The SACURA trial is a randomised-controlled study evaluating the superiority of 1-year adjuvant treatment with oral tegafur-uracil (UFT) to surgery alone for stage II colon cancer. METHODS: Patients were randomly assigned to the surgery-alone group or UFT group (UFT at 500-600 mg/day for 5 days, followed by 2-day rest, for 1 year). The primary end-point was disease-free survival (DFS)...
April 17, 2018: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674606/hirschsprung-s-disease-related-giant-sigmoid-volvulus-complicated-by-refractory-hypertension-in-an-elderly-man
#3
Shaohan Wu, Xiaofang Sun, Yawei Yu, Yiyu Shen
BACKGROUND Sigmoid volvulus (SV) is a life-threatening condition occasionally seen in adults. Adult Hirschsprung's disease (HD)-related SV is rarely complicated by difficult-to-control hypertension. In this report we present the case of an elderly man with a rare constellation of HD, SV, and refractory hypertension. CASE REPORT An 82-year-old man had long-term constipation, moderate abdominal pain, and progressive abdominal distension. A CT scan revealed the typical "coffee bean sign". Blood pressure was abnormal high...
April 20, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672814/-long-term-survival-of-patients-with-colon-and-rectum-carcinomas-is-there-a-difference-between-cancer-centers-and-non-certified-hospitals
#4
Vinzenz Völkel, Teresa Draeger, Michael Gerken, Alois Fürst, Monika Klinkhammer-Schalke
AIM OF THE STUDY: Hospitals specializing in the treatment of colorectal carcinoma with high quality standards can apply for certification as colorectal cancer centers. The aim of this study was to clarify if there is a substantial difference between certified and non-certified hospitals in terms of long-term survival of patients. METHODS: This is a population-based retrospective cohort study using the data of a clinical cancer registry (Tumorzentrum Regensburg) which covers a southern German region of approximately 1...
April 19, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672345/clinical-outcomes-of-single-port-surgery-for-colon-cancer-in-octogenarians
#5
Mitsuyoshi Tei, Masahisa Otsuka, Yozo Suzuki, Kentaro Kishi, Masahiro Tanemura, Hiroki Akamatsu
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of single-port surgery for colon cancer in octogenarians. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed on patients who underwent single-port surgery for colon cancer from 2010 to 2014 at a single institution. Patients were categorized into the following 3 groups according to age: ≤69 years (n=196), 70 to 79 years (n=143), and ≥80 years (n=86). Short-term and long-term outcomes were assessed among 3 groups...
April 18, 2018: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671149/biological-scoring-system-for-early-prediction-of-acute-bowel-ischemia-after-cardiac-surgery-the-palm-score
#6
Elie Zogheib, Cyril Cosse, Charles Sabbagh, Simon Marx, Thierry Caus, Marc Henry, Joseph Nader, Mathurin Fumery, Michael Bernasinski, Patricia Besserve, Faouzi Trojette, Cedric Renard, Pierre Duhaut, Said Kamel, Jean-Marc Regimbeau, Hervé Dupont
BACKGROUND: Bowel ischemia is a life-threatening emergency defined as an inadequate vascular perfusion leading to bowel inflammation resulting from impaired colonic/small bowel blood supply. Main issue for physicians regarding bowel ischemia diagnosis lies in the absence of informative and specific clinical or biological signs leading to delayed management, resulting in a poorer prognosis, especially after cardiac surgery. The aim of the present series was to propose a simple scoring system based on biological data for the diagnosis of bowel ischemia...
April 18, 2018: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671066/hartmann-s-reversal-after-colonic-perforation-or-anastomosis-leakage-is-it-the-same-procedure-a-retrospective-study-of-150-patients
#7
Nathalie Chereau, Jeremie H Lefevre, Najim Chafai, Thevy Hor, Clotilde Debove, Emmanuel Tiret, Yann Parc
PURPOSE: The high morbidity rates reported might influence surgeons' decisions of whether to perform Hartmann's reversal (HR). Our aim was to report the results of HR after "primary" Hartmann's procedure (HP) or in redo surgery for failed anastomosis. METHODS: All patients operated between 2007 and 2015 were included. Data and postoperative course were obtained from a review of medical records and databases. RESULTS: One hundred fifty patients (age 60, range (20-91) years, 62% male) were included...
April 18, 2018: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670868/characteristics-of-patients-with-colonic-polyps-requiring-segmental-resection
#8
Robert A Mitchell, Chaoran Zhang, Cherry Galorport, Blair Walker, Jennifer Telford, Robert Enns
Background: It is unclear if the availability of new techniques for removal of large colonic polyps has affected the use of segmental colon resection. We sought to evaluate the characteristics of polyps undergoing surgical resection, including involvement of therapeutic gastroenterologists (TG). Methods: 484 patients had a colonic resection; 165 (34%) were identified from the pathology database with polyp, adenoma, or mass in the clinical history field; these charts were reviewed...
2018: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670801/nonoperative-management-of-multiple-penetrating-cardiac-and-colon-wounds-from-a-shotgun-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Paula M Jaramillo, Jaime A Montoya, David A Mejia, Salin Pereira Warr
Introduction: Surgery for cardiac trauma is considered fatal and for wounds of the colon by associated sepsis is normally considered; however, conservative management of many traumatic lesions of different injured organs has progressed over the years. Presentation of the Case: A 65-year-old male patient presented with multiple shotgun wounds on the left upper limb, thorax, and abdomen. On evaluation, he was hemodynamically stable with normal sinus rhythm and normal blood pressure, no dyspnea, or abdominal pain...
2018: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670141/a-four-microrna-classifier-as-a-novel-prognostic-marker-for-tumor-recurrence-in-stage-ii-colon-cancer
#10
Havjin Jacob, Luka Stanisavljevic, Kristian Eeg Storli, Kjersti E Hestetun, Olav Dahl, Mette P Myklebust
About 20 percent of TNM-stage II colon cancer patients who are treated by surgical resection develop recurrence, and adjuvant chemotherapy in this group is still debated among researchers and clinicians. Currently, adverse histopathological and clinical factors are used to select patients for adjuvant chemotherapy following surgery. However, additional biomarkers to classify patients at risk of recurrence are needed. We have conducted a study using fresh frozen tumor tissue from 54 TNM-stage II colon cancer patients and performed microRNA profiling using next-generation sequencing...
April 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669684/impact-on-surgical-and-oncological-results-of-the-use-of-colonic-stents-as-a-bridge-to-surgery-for-potentially-curable-occlusive-colorectal-neoplasms
#11
Antònia Crespí-Mir, Juan Manuel Romero-Marcos, Anabel de la Llave-Serralvo, Carlos Dolz-Abadía, José Andrés Cifuentes-Ródenas
INTRODUCTION: The outcomes of patients treated with colonic stents as a bridge to surgery (BTS) have recently been questioned in terms of safety and long-term oncologic outcomes. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects on surgical and oncologic outcomes of colonic stents as a BTS for potentially resectable obstructive colorectal cancer. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients operated on for potentially resectable obstructive colorectal cancer with or without distant disease between September 2002 and October 2015, comparing the patients treated with a colonic stent as a BTS (Stent group) with those directly operated on (Surgery group)...
April 15, 2018: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669163/clinical-differences-between-elderly-onset-and-non-elderly-onset-ulcerative-colitis-a-nationwide-survey-data-in-japan
#12
Shunsuke Komoto, Masaaki Higashiyama, Chikako Watanabe, Yasuo Suzuki, Mamoru Watanabe, Toshifumi Hibi, Toru Takebayashi, Keiko Asakura, Yuji Nishiwaki, Soichiro Miura, Ryota Hokari
OBJECTIVE: Studies on the characteristics of elderly-onset ulcerative colitis (EOUC) and non-elderly-onset UC (NEOUC) have reported conflicting findings. The aim of this study was to compare disease characteristics of EOUC and NEOUC by analyzing the database of the Japanese nationwide inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) registry. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed the age of disease onset, sex, disease severity, and disease extent in patients with UC that were newly diagnosed and registered within one year between 2004 and 2009 (N = 28,179)...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669023/the-relevance-of-vitamin-and-iron-deficiency-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-in-patients-of-the-swiss-ibd-cohort
#13
Matiar Madanchi, Stefania Fagagnini, Nicolas Fournier, Luc Biedermann, Jonas Zeitz, Edouard Battegay, Lukas Zimmerli, Stephan R Vavricka, Gerhard Rogler, Michael Scharl
Background andAims: Vitamin and iron deficiencies are common in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) as a result of chronic intestinal inflammation, increase in demand, or dietary restrictions. Here, we assessed the frequency of complications in relation to deficiency of iron, folate acid, and vitamin B12 in patients enrolled in the nationwide Swiss Inflammatory Bowel Disease Cohort Study (SIBDCS). Methods: A total of 2666 patients were included in the study, 1558 with Crohn's disease (CD) and 1108 with ulcerative colitis (UC)...
April 13, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667123/peritoneal-carcinomatosis-arising-from-rectal-or-colonic-adenocarcinoma-treated-with-cytoreductive-surgery-crs-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-hipec-two-different-diseases
#14
M Tonello, G Ortega-Perez, O Alonso-Casado, P Torres-Mesa, G Guiñez, S Gonzalez-Moreno
PURPOSE: Peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) from colorectal cancer (CRC) has poor survival. Multi-modal treatment including systemic chemotherapy, cytoreductive surgery (CRS), and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) can be used in selected patients with curative intent. The majority published works consider PC of CRC origin as a homogenous disease. Aim of this study is to stress the different biological behaviors and survival of PC according to colonic or rectal origin. METHODS: Data of CRS and HIPEC procedures for PC of CRC origin performed at MD Anderson Cancer Center-Madrid (Spain) have been collected, dividing patients into two groups according to colonic or rectal PC...
April 17, 2018: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666722/postmenopausal-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis-of-the-colon-rare-location-and-novel-medical-therapy
#15
Benjamin M Snyder, Joseph W Beets, Bruce A Lessey, Samuel R W Horton, Gary A Abrams
We report an uncommon case of deep infiltrating endometriosis of the colon presenting as iron deficiency anemia nine years after hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. The endometrial implant was found at the hepatic flexure, an exceedingly rare location for endometriosis invasion with no cases distinctly reported in the literature. Additionally, the presentation of gastrointestinal endometriosis as iron deficiency anemia is not well documented in the literature. Instead of surgery, we prescribed a novel medical therapeutic approach using conjugated estrogen-bazedoxifene to antagonize the proliferative effects of estrogen on endometrial tissue...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666000/how-does-the-application-of-surgical-components-in-enhanced-recovery-programs-for-colorectal-surgery-change-over-time
#16
Julie Veziant, Daniel Leonard, Bruno Pereira, Karem Slim
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery programs (ERP) improve post-operative outcomes in proportion to how fully they are implemented. Maintaining an optimal level of application of all the ER components is thus essential. Our aim was to assess the sustainability of ER surgical components 2 years after their first implementation. METHOD: Patients undergoing elective colorectal resections were included in a prospective database. To retrospectively analyze compliance with ERP over a period of 24 months, the following components were considered: colonic preparation, surgical approach, nasogastric tube omission and absence of abdominal drainage...
April 14, 2018: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664889/transfer-status-a-significant-risk-factor-for-mortality-in-emergency-general-surgery-patients-requiring-colon-resection
#17
Michael P DeWane, Kimberly A Davis, Kevin M Schuster, Scott P Erwin, Adrian A Maung, Robert D Becher
BACKGROUND: Patients requiring emergency surgery have increased rates of morbidity and mortality. Transfer from outside institution delays effective control of ongoing infection and has been linked with worse outcomes. Previous research suggests transfer status negatively impacts survival but hasn't examined the effect of location and type of institution prior to transfer. This study aims to characterize the effect of type of transferring institution on postoperative outcomes after emergency colon surgery...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664799/clinical-significance-of-lymph-node-metastasis-in-the-mesentery-of-the-terminal-ileum-in-patients-with-right-sided-colon-tumors-at-different-locations
#18
Sung Il Kang, Duck-Woo Kim, Eun Shin, Myung Jo Kim, Il Tae Son, Heung-Kwon Oh, Sung-Bum Kang
BACKGROUND: There are limited reports on peri-ileal lymph node metastasis in patients with right-sided colon cancer, and little is known about their clinical significance. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the role of tumor location in the prevalence and clinical significance of peri-ileal lymph node metastasis in patients with right-sided colon cancer. DESIGN: This is a retrospective study from a prospective cohort database. SETTINGS: The study was conducted at a tertiary referral hospital...
April 16, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663399/multidimensional-analyses-of-the-learning-curve-for-single-incision-plus-one-port-laparoscopic-surgery-for-sigmoid-colon-and-upper-rectal-cancer
#19
Junmeng Li, Yanan Wang, Dong Liu, Haipeng Zhou, Tingyu Mou, Guoxin Li, Haijun Deng
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Single-incision plus one port surgery (SILS + 1) provides the advantages of being minimally invasive and easier to perform than pure single-incision laparoscopic surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate the learning curve (LC) for SILS + 1 for sigmoid colon and upper rectal cancer. METHOD: From November 2012 to May 2014, a series of 85 consecutive patients underwent selective SLIS + 1 for sigmoid colon and upper rectal cancer performed by a single surgeon at Nanfang Hospital...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663305/factors-associated-with-short-term-morbidity-in-patients-undergoing-colon-resection-for-crohn-s-disease
#20
H Hande Aydinli, Erman Aytac, Feza H Remzi, Mitchell Bernstein, Alexis L Grucela
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing colon resection for Crohn's disease are at risk of developing postoperative complications. The aim of this study is to identify factors associated with short-term (30-day) morbidity in patients undergoing colon resection for Crohn's disease from a national database. METHODS: Patients who underwent colon resection for Crohn's disease in 2015 were identified from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
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