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alcohol related disorders and drug therapy and psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26828770/treatment-attendance-among-veterans-with-depression-substance-use-disorder-and-trauma
#1
Ruifeng Cui, Moira Haller, Jessica R Skidmore, Kelly Goldsteinholm, Sonya Norman, Susan R Tate
OBJECTIVE: Low attendance in psychotherapy, particularly among individuals with comorbid disorders, is a pervasive challenge. The present study examined predictors of treatment attendance in a sample of veterans with depression, substance use disorder, and trauma. METHODS: This is an analysis of data collected as part of a larger clinical trial involving outpatients at a Veterans Administration dual diagnosis clinic. Individuals were excluded if they had significant memory deficits, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or substantial travel constraints...
2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26141210/accelerated-resolution-therapy-an-innovative-mental-health-intervention-to-treat-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#2
REVIEW
Alan Finnegan, K Kip, D Hernandez, S McGhee, L Rosenzweig, C Hynes, M Thomas
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a disabling trauma and stress-related disorder that may occur after a person experiences a traumatic event, and evokes a combination of intrusion and avoidance symptoms, negative alterations in cognitions and mood, and alterations in arousal and reactivity. Accelerated resolution therapy (ART) is an emerging psychotherapy that provides fast and lasting resolution for mental health problems such as PTSD. ART has been shown to achieve a positive result in one to five sessions, typically over a 2-week period, and requires no homework, skills practice or repeated exposure to targeted events...
April 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25831947/-response-to-treatment-of-patients-abusing-the-dappou-drug-who-participated-in-a-group-relapse-prevention-program-a-comparison-with-patients-abusing-methamphetamine
#3
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Emi Hikitsuchi, Toshihiko Matsumoto, Kiyoshi Wada, Yuko Tanibuchi, Ayumi Takano, Fumi Imamura, Hiraku Kawachi, Asako Wakabayashi, Takashi Kato
In this study, we compared the efficacy of a group relapse prevention program using the cognitive behavioral therapy-based workbook, Serigaya Methamphetamine Relapse Prevention Program (SMARPP), between patients abusing the so-called "dappou drugs" (designer drug in Japan, and those abusing methamphetamine (MAP). Both groups participated in the SMARPP at the Center Hospital, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry. Results showed that, no significant differences were found in the rates of participation in the program or self-reported frequency of drug or alcohol use between the patients abusing "dappou drugs" or MAP...
December 2014: Nihon Arukōru Yakubutsu Igakkai Zasshi, Japanese Journal of Alcohol Studies & Drug Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25470303/psychosocial-interventions-to-reduce-alcohol-consumption-in-concurrent-problem-alcohol-and-illicit-drug-users
#4
REVIEW
Jan Klimas, Helen Tobin, Catherine-Anne Field, Clodagh S M O'Gorman, Liam G Glynn, Eamon Keenan, Jean Saunders, Gerard Bury, Colum Dunne, Walter Cullen
BACKGROUND: Problem alcohol use is common among illicit drug users and is associated with adverse health outcomes. It is also an important factor contributing to a poor prognosis among drug users with hepatitis C virus (HCV) as it impacts on progression to hepatic cirrhosis or opiate overdose in opioid users. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of psychosocial interventions for problem alcohol use in illicit drug users (principally problem drug users of opiates and stimulants)...
2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25462653/the-effects-of-brief-strategic-family-therapy-bsft-on-parent-substance-use-and-the-association-between-parent-and-adolescent-substance-use
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Viviana E Horigian, Daniel J Feaster, Ahnalee Brincks, Michael S Robbins, María Alejandra Perez, José Szapocznik
BACKGROUND: The effects of family therapy for adolescent substance use on parent substance use have not been explored. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of Brief Strategic Family Therapy® (BSFT®) on parent substance use, and the relationship between parent substance use and adolescent substance use. DESIGN: 480 adolescents and parents were randomized to BSFT or Treatment as Usual (TAU) across eight outpatient treatment programs. METHODS: Parent substance use was assessed at baseline and at 12months post-randomization...
March 2015: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25236185/a-pharmaceutical-industry-perspective-on-the-economics-of-treatments-for-alcohol-and-opioid-use-disorders
#6
REVIEW
David R Gastfriend
Individuals with alcohol and/or drug use disorders often fail to receive care, or evidence-based care, yet the literature shows health economic benefits. Comparative effectiveness research is emerging that examines approved approaches in terms of real, total healthcare cost/utilization. Comprehensive retrospective insurance claims analyses are few but tend to be nationally distributed and large. The emerging pattern is that, while treatment in general is cost effective, specific therapeutics can yield different health economic outcomes...
October 2014: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25211372/the-effect-of-a-yoga-intervention-on-alcohol-and-drug-abuse-risk-in-veteran-and-civilian-women-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Shivani Reddy, Alexandra M Dick, Megan R Gerber, Karen Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) often exhibit high-risk substance use behaviors. Complementary and alternative therapies are increasingly used for mental health disorders, although evidence is sparse. OBJECTIVES: Investigate the effect of a yoga intervention on alcohol and drug abuse behaviors in women with PTSD. Secondary outcomes include changes in PTSD symptom perception and management and initiation of evidence-based therapies...
October 2014: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24641808/substance-use-and-drinking-outcomes-in-personalized-cognitive-counseling-randomized-trial-for-episodic-substance-using-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Glenn-Milo Santos, Phillip O Coffin, Eric Vittinghoff, Erin DeMicco, Moupali Das, Tim Matheson, Jerris L Raiford, Monique Carry, Grant Colfax, Jeffrey H Herbst, James W Dilley
BACKGROUND: Non-dependent alcohol and substance use patterns are prevalent among men who have sex with men (MSM), yet few effective interventions to reduce their substance use are available for these men. We evaluated whether an adapted brief counseling intervention aimed at reducing HIV risk behavior was associated with secondary benefits of reducing substance use among episodic substance-using MSM (SUMSM). METHODS: 326 episodic SUMSM were randomized to brief Personalized Cognitive Counseling (PCC) intervention with rapid HIV testing or to rapid HIV testing only control...
May 1, 2014: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24118014/pharmacological-strategies-for-detoxification
#9
REVIEW
Alison M Diaper, Fergus D Law, Jan K Melichar
Detoxification refers to the safe discontinuation from a substance of dependence and is distinct from relapse prevention. Detoxification usually takes between a few days and a few weeks to complete, depending on the substance being misused, the severity of dependence and the support available to the user. Psychosocial therapies alongside pharmacological treatments are essential to improve outcome. The dependencies considered in this overview are detoxification from opioids (with methadone, buprenorphine, α2-adrenoceptor agonists and adjunct medications), alcohol (with benzodiazepines, anti-glutamatergics and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-ergic drugs), stimulants and cannabis (with no clear recommended pharmacological treatments), benzodiazepines (with dose tapering) and nicotine (with nicotine replacement therapy, antidepressants and partial agonists)...
February 2014: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23996457/efficacy-of-psychostimulant-drugs-for-amphetamine-abuse-or-dependence
#10
REVIEW
Clara Pérez-Mañá, Xavier Castells, Marta Torrens, Dolors Capellà, Magi Farre
BACKGROUND: Amphetamine dependence is a public health problem with medical, psychiatric, cognitive, legal and socioeconomic consequences. To date, no pharmacological treatment has been approved for this disorder, and psychotherapy remains the mainstay of treatment. In recent years, psychostimulants have been investigated as a possible replacement therapy. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of psychostimulant medications for amphetamine abuse or dependence...
2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23936207/reduced-heart-rate-variability-in-social-anxiety-disorder-associations-with-gender-and-symptom-severity
#11
Gail A Alvares, Daniel S Quintana, Andrew H Kemp, Anita Van Zwieten, Bernard W Balleine, Ian B Hickie, Adam J Guastella
BACKGROUND: Polyvagal theory emphasizes that autonomic nervous system functioning plays a key role in social behavior and emotion. The theory predicts that psychiatric disorders of social dysfunction are associated with reduced heart rate variability, an index of autonomic control, as well as social inhibition and avoidance. The purpose of this study was to examine whether heart rate variability was reduced in treatment-seeking patients diagnosed with social anxiety disorder, a disorder characterized by social fear and avoidance...
2013: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23810644/a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial-of-topiramate-for-the-treatment-of-comorbid-cocaine-and-alcohol-dependence
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Kyle M Kampman, Helen M Pettinati, Kevin G Lynch, Kelly Spratt, Michael R Wierzbicki, Charles P O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Topiramate increases GABAergic activity and antagonizes the AMPA/kainate subtype of glutamate receptors. Through these mechanisms of action, topiramate may reduce alcohol and cocaine reward and may reduce alcohol and cocaine craving. Topiramate has been shown to reduce drinking in persons with alcohol dependence, and reduce relapse in stimulant-dependent patients. The current trial was intended to test the ability of topiramate to promote cocaine and alcohol abstinence among patients addicted to both drugs...
November 1, 2013: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23758223/substance-use-and-brain-reward-mechanisms-in-older-adults
#13
Marsha Snyder, Lois Platt
Substance use among older adults is on the rise, with statistics indicating this to be a growing health problem. Brain changes in the reward center of the brain that naturally occur with aging are offered as one source of these statistics. Aging is generally associated with increased prevalence of chronic disease, disability, and death, and therefore a public health goal for older adults is to maintain health, independence, and function. Psychiatric-mental health nurses are uniquely positioned to assist older adults in achievement of these goals through health assessment and promotion...
July 2013: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23627783/studying-the-effects-of-classic-hallucinogens-in-the-treatment-of-alcoholism-rationale-methodology-and-current-research-with-psilocybin
#14
REVIEW
Michael P Bogenschutz
Recent developments in the study of classic hallucinogens, combined with a re-appraisal of the older literature, have led to a renewal of interest in possible therapeutic applications for these drugs, notably their application in the treatment of addictions. This article will first provide a brief review of the research literature providing direct and indirect support for the possible therapeutic effects of classic hallucinogens such as psilocybin and lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) in the treatment of addictions...
March 2013: Current Drug Abuse Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23421576/does-treatment-readiness-enhance-the-response-of-african-american-substance-users-to-motivational-enhancement-therapy
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ann Kathleen Burlew, LaTrice Montgomery, Andrzej S Kosinski, Alyssa A Forcehimes
The development of effective treatments for African Americans and other ethnic minorities is essential for reducing health disparities in substance use. Despite research suggesting that Motivational Enhancement Therapy (MET) may reduce substance use among African Americans, the findings have been inconsistent. This research examined the extent to which readiness-to-change (RTC) affects response to MET among African American substance users. The study was a secondary analysis of the 194 African American substance users participating in a multisite randomized clinical trial evaluating MET originally conducted within the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network...
September 2013: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23374328/the-effects-of-exogenous-progesterone-on-drug-craving-and-stress-arousal-in-cocaine-dependence-impact-of-gender-and-cue-type
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Helen C Fox, Mehmet Sofuoglu, Peter T Morgan, Keri L Tuit, Rajita Sinha
AIMS: Exogenous progesterone has been shown to attenuate the rewarding effects of cocaine. However, its effects on provoked drug craving, stress arousal and cognitive performance has not been systematically investigated in cocaine dependent men and women. Thus, we conducted a double-blind placebo-controlled study assessing the efficacy of progesterone in reducing provoked drug craving, stress system arousal and improving cognitive performance in cocaine dependent men and women. METHODS: Forty-two early abstinent treatment-seeking cocaine dependent individuals were randomly assigned to either daily doses of placebo (12M/9F) or micronized progesterone (12M/9F) (400 mg/day), for 7 days...
September 2013: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23229101/-levels-of-evidence-in-drug-therapy-for-alcohol-use-disorders-and-illicit-drug-use
#17
REVIEW
J Burucker, S Kropp
Substance-related disorders are clinically and socially very important. In Germany over a million people of varying ages are affected. Depending on the substance and stage of treatment, drugs and different treatment methods are used. Through a literature search we examined the current knowledge of what drugs and therapies are used to date, and what randomised trials have been carried out to prove the efficacy of drug therapy. The aim was to define for each drug or pharmacological therapy a specific level of evidence...
December 2012: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23152270/psychosocial-interventions-to-reduce-alcohol-consumption-in-concurrent-problem-alcohol-and-illicit-drug-users
#18
REVIEW
Jan Klimas, Catherine-Anne Field, Walter Cullen, Clodagh S M O'Gorman, Liam G Glynn, Eamon Keenan, Jean Saunders, Gerard Bury, Colum Dunne
BACKGROUND: Problem alcohol use is common among illicit drug users and is associated with adverse health outcomes. It is also an important factor in poor prognosis among drug users with hepatitis C virus (HCV) as it impacts on progression to hepatic cirrhosis or opiate overdose in opioid users. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of psychosocial interventions for problem alcohol use in illicit drug users (principally problem drug users of opiates and stimulants). SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Drugs and Alcohol Group trials register (November 2011), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library, Issue 11, November 2011), PUBMED (1966 to 2011); EMBASE (1974 to 2011); CINAHL (1982 to 2011); PsycINFO (1872 to 2011) and reference list of articles...
2012: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22983943/bipolar-disorder-and-alcohol-use-disorder-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Conor K Farren, Kevin P Hill, Roger D Weiss
Bipolar disorder and alcohol use disorder represent a significant comorbid population, which is significantly worse than either diagnosis alone in presentation, duration, co-morbidity, cost, suicide rate, and poor response to treatment. They share some common characteristics in relation to genetic background, neuroimaging findings, and some biochemical findings. They can be treated with separate care, or ideally some form of integrated care. There are a number of pharmacotherapy trials, and psychotherapy trials that can aid program development...
December 2012: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22731926/breakingtheice-a-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-an-internet-based-intervention-addressing-amphetamine-type-stimulant-use
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Robert J Tait, Rebecca McKetin, Frances Kay-Lambkin, Kylie Bennett, Ada Tam, Anthony Bennett, Jenny Geddes, Adam Garrick, Helen Christensen, Kathleen M Griffiths
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of amphetamine-type stimulant use is greater than that of opioids and cocaine combined. Currently, there are no approved pharmacotherapy treatments for amphetamine-type stimulant problems, but some face-to-face psychotherapies are of demonstrated effectiveness. However, most treatment services focus on alcohol or opioid disorders, have limited reach and may not appeal to users of amphetamine-type stimulants. Internet interventions have proven to be effective for some substance use problems but none has specifically targeted users of amphetamine-type stimulants...
2012: BMC Psychiatry
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