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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779012/adaptive-frameworks-of-chronic-pain-daily-remakings-of-pain-and-care-at-a-somali-refugee-women-s-health-centre
#1
Kari Campeau
Pain is an intensely subjective experience and one that is difficult for healthcare professionals to treat. Chronic pain, often diffuse, cyclical and involving many systems of the body, is often not well treated in a medical system that relies on discrete symptoms, identifiable causes, external pathogens and physician specialisation. Pain has its own problems specific to Somali diaspora populations, where chronic pain is prevalent but often undertreated, and where Somali patients face barriers of access to medicine...
May 19, 2018: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778715/photopheresis-of-a-less-than-10-kg-child-with-acute-graft-versus-host-disease-accompanied-with-hyperbilirubinemia-a-case-report
#2
REVIEW
Ashraf Malek Mohammadi, Amir Hossein Norooznezhad, Jerard Seghatchian, Mohsen Nikbakht, Farhad Heshmati, Saeed Mohammadi, Kamran Alimoghaddam, Ardeshir Ghavamzadeh
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is a curative treatment for many hematologic malignancies with its most important side effect being graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Herein, we present a 3.5 year-old male with weight of 9.8 kg with acute GVHD (grade IV gastrointestinal and cutaneous) who did not respond to the first line therapies (corticosteroids). Thus, the patient was a candidate for extracorporeal photochemotherapy (ECP). Due to the hyperbilirubinemia, two sessions of ECP every week as well as one session of plasmapheresis 24 h before each ECP session were performed (Spectra™ Optia® apheresis system)...
May 9, 2018: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778427/genomics-driven-approach-for-identification-of-novel-therapeutic-targets-in-salmonella-enterica
#3
Priyanka Gawade, Payel Ghosh
Salmonella enterica is a causative agent of enteric and systemic salmonellosis that affects human and many other animal species. Due to the emergence of drug-resistant strains, available drugs against S. enterica infection are no more effective as before. Thus, there is an urgent need to develop new therapeutic strategies. The current study aims at prioritizing therapeutic targets by an in-silico genomics driven method. The method involves searching proteins of each Salmonella strain for essentiality, virulence and antibiotic-resistance and host-pathogen protein-protein interactions...
May 17, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778267/the-road-to-hepatitis-c-virus-cure-practical-considerations-from-a-health-system-s-perspective
#4
REVIEW
M Cabell Jonas, Bernadette Loftus, Michael A Horberg
Hepatitis C virus infection remains a significant global health problem. Many individuals are unaware of their infection or disease stage. Innovations in care that promote rapid and easy identification of at-risk populations for screening, comprehensive diagnostic screening, and triage to curative direct-acting antiviral medications will accelerate efforts to eradicate hepatitis C.
June 2018: Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777742/a-functional-glycoproteomics-approach-identifies-cd13-as-a-novel-e-selectin-ligand-in-breast-cancer
#5
M A Carrascal, M Silva, J A Ferreira, R Azevedo, D Ferreira, A M N Silva, D Ligeiro, L L Santos, R Sackstein, P A Videira
BACKGROUND: The glycan moieties sialyl-Lewis-X and/or -A (sLeX/A ) are the primary ligands for E-selectin, regulating subsequent tumor cell extravasation into distant organs. However, the nature of the glycoprotein scaffolds displaying these glycans in breast cancer remains unclear and constitutes the focus of the present investigation. METHODS: We isolated glycoproteins that bind E-selectin from the CF1_T breast cancer cell line, derived from a patient with ductal carcinoma...
May 16, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777455/combined-preoperative-albi-and-fib-4-is-associated-with-recurrence-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-after-curative-hepatectomy
#6
Rui Liao, De-Wei Li, Cheng-You Du, Ming Li
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Chronic inflammatory response is a risk factor for hepatocarcinogenesis and recurrence. This study aimed to develop a nomogram incorporating the combined albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) and fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) scores and the peritumoral inflammation score (PIS) to predict postoperative recurrence-free survival (RFS) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: The prognostic roles of preoperative ALBI and FIB-4 scores for HCC recurrence were investigated, and a nomogram was developed...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777447/integra-%C3%A2-dermal-regeneration-template-and-split-thickness-skin-grafting-a-therapy-approach-to-correct-aplasia-cutis-congenita-and-epidermolysis-bullosa-in-carmi-syndrome
#7
Julian Trah, Christina Has, Ingrid Hausser, Heinz Kutzner, Konrad Reinshagen, Ingo Königs
The association of junctional epidermolysis bullosa with pyloric atresia (JEB-PA) and aplasia cutis congenita (ACC) was described by El Shafie et al. (J Pediatr Surg 14(4):446-449, 1979) and Carmi et al. (Am J Med Genet 11:319-328, 1982). Most patients die in the first weeks of life, and no curative treatment options are available so far. We describe a patient with JEB-PA and ACC (OMIM # 226730) who was treated for extensive areas of ACC by Integra® -Dermal Regeneration Template and split-thickness skin grafting (STSG)...
May 18, 2018: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777317/using-smiles-strings-for-the-description-of-chemical-connectivity-in-the-crystallography-open-database
#8
Miguel Quirós, Saulius Gražulis, Saulė Girdzijauskaitė, Andrius Merkys, Antanas Vaitkus
Computer descriptions of chemical molecular connectivity are necessary for searching chemical databases and for predicting chemical properties from molecular structure. In this article, the ongoing work to describe the chemical connectivity of entries contained in the Crystallography Open Database (COD) in SMILES format is reported. This collection of SMILES is publicly available for chemical (substructure) search or for any other purpose on an open-access basis, as is the COD itself. The conventions that have been followed for the representation of compounds that do not fit into the valence bond theory are outlined for the most frequently found cases...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Cheminformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776372/curation-of-microarray-oligonucleotides-and-corresponding-ests-cdnas-used-for-gene-expression-analysis-in-zebra-finches
#9
Peter V Lovell, Nicole A Huizinga, Abel Getachew, Brianna Mees, Samantha R Friedrich, Morgan Wirthlin, Claudio V Mello
OBJECTIVES: Zebra finches are a major model organism for investigating mechanisms of vocal learning, a trait that enables spoken language in humans. The development of cDNA collections with expressed sequence tags (ESTs) and microarrays has allowed for extensive molecular characterizations of circuitry underlying vocal learning and production. However, poor database curation can lead to errors in transcriptome and bioinformatics analyses, limiting the impact of these resources. Here we used genomic alignments and synteny analysis for orthology verification to curate and reannotate ~ 35% of the oligonucleotides and corresponding ESTs/cDNAs that make-up Agilent microarrays for gene expression analysis in finches...
May 18, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776328/recent-progress-and-considerations-for-aav-gene-therapies-targeting-the-central-nervous-system
#10
REVIEW
Erik Allen Lykken, Charles Shyng, Reginald James Edwards, Alejandra Rozenberg, Steven James Gray
BACKGROUND: Neurodevelopmental disorders, as a class of diseases, have been particularly difficult to treat even when the underlying cause(s), such as genetic alterations, are understood. What treatments do exist are generally not curative and instead seek to improve quality of life for affected individuals. The advent of gene therapy via gene replacement offers the potential for transformative therapies to slow or even stop disease progression for current patients and perhaps minimize or prevent the appearance of symptoms in future patients...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775552/right-colon-resection-for-colon-cancer-does-surgical-approach-matter
#11
Ivy N Haskins, Tammy Ju, Matthew Skancke, Xiangyu Kuang, Richard L Amdur, Fred Brody, Vincent Obias, Samir Agarwal
BACKGROUND: Surgical resection with curative intent remains the standard of care for colon cancer. This study aims to compare the 30-day outcomes and oncologic results following open, laparoscopic, and robot-assisted right colon resection for colon cancer using the Targeted Colectomy American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients undergoing elective, right colon resection with primary anastomosis were identified within the targeted colectomy ACS-NSQIP database...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775405/the-mouse-heart-attack-research-tool-mhart-1-0-database
#12
Kristine Y DeLeon-Pennell, Rugmani Padmanabhan Iyer, Yonggang Ma, Andriy Yabluchanskiy, Rogelio Zamilpa, Ying Ann Chiao, Presley Cannon, Courtney Cates, Elizabeth R Flynn, Ganesh V Halade, Lisandra E de Castro Bras, Merry L Lindsey
The generation of Big Data has enabled systems-level dissections into the mechanisms of cardiovascular pathology. Integration of genetic, proteomic, and pathophysiological variables across platforms and laboratories fosters discoveries through multidisciplinary investigations and minimizes unnecessary redundancy in research efforts. The Mouse Heart Attack Research Tool (mHART) consolidates a large dataset of over 10 years of experiments from a single laboratory for cardiovascular investigators to generate novel hypotheses and identify new predictive markers of progressive left ventricular remodeling following myocardial infarction (MI) in mice...
May 18, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775157/blood-based-biomarkers-in-breast-cancer-from-proteins-to-circulating-tumor-cells-to-circulating-tumor-dna
#13
Michael J Duffy, Enda W McDermott, John Crown
Biomarkers are the key to personalized treatment in patients with breast cancer. While tissue biomarkers are most useful in determining prognosis and upfront predicting response to therapy, circulating protein biomarkers such as CA 15-3 and carcinoembryonic antigen are mainly used in monitoring response to endocrine or chemotherapy in patients with advanced disease. Although several centers measure biomarkers in asymptomatic patients following curative surgery for primary breast cancer, the clinical utility of this practice is unclear...
May 2018: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775024/-sleep-quality-analysis-in-patients-with-unilateral-idiopathic-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#14
Y J Wang, M M Wang, Z Q Hou, Z M Fang, H B Wang
Objective: To analyze the characteristics of sleep quality and its correlation with the clinical features and hearing curative effects in patients with unilateral idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSHL). Method: Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) was applied to evaluate the sleep quality of unilateral ISSHL patients in our department. Patient group is divided into poor sleep quality subgroup (total PSQI score>7 points) and normal sleep subgroup (total PSQI score≤7 points). The differences of Patient group and two subgroups between hearing curative effect in the 30 days after treatment and sleep quality scores were compared and analyzed...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775018/-causes-and-management-of-frontal-sinusitis-after-transfrontal-craniotomy
#15
T C Liu, X F Yu, Z W Gu, W L Bai, Z H Wang, Z W Cao
Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the causes and the strategy of frontal sinusitis after transfrontal craniotomy by endoscopic frontal sinus surgery and traditional surgery with facial incision. Method: A total of thirty-four patients with frontal sinusitis after transfrontal craniotomy were admitted, with the symptom of purulence stuff, headache and upper eyelid discharging. The onset time was 2.6 years on average. The frontal sinus CT and MRI images showed frontal sinusitis. Twenty-seven patients were treated with endoscopic frontal sinus surgery, and seven patient was treated with combined endoscopic and traditional frontal sinus surgery...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775013/-effects-of-highly-selective-branches-neurotomy-of-vidian-nerve-with-low-temperature-plasma-on-vasoactive-intestinal-peptide-in-nasal-mucosal-cells-of-patients-with-allergic-rhinitis
#16
P He, X J Jin, H Zhao
Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of highly selective branches neurotomy of vidian nerve with low temperature plasma on the level of vasoactive intestinal peptide in nasal mucosa of patients with allergic rhinitis. Method: Fifty patients with allergic rhinitis were selected as the experimental group. At the same time, 50 normal adults in our hospital were selected as the control group. Highly selective branches neurotomy of vidian nerve with low temperature plasma was performed to observe the changes of vascular intestinal peptide levels in patients with nasal mucosa and the clinical efficacy...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775005/-determination-and-significance-of-serum-mpo-and-amylin-in-adult-patients-with-osahs-after-short-range-noninvasive-positive-pressure-ventilation
#17
X H Chen, P J Chen, Y Long, Q P Huang
Objective: The aim of this study to investigate the determination and significance of serum MPO and amylin in adult patients with OSAHS after short-range noninvasive positive pressure ventilation. Method: Eighty-seven OSAHS patients were divided into severe group (30 cases), moderate group (30 cases) and mild group (27 cases) according to the AHI range. Twenty-seven outpatient health persons were selected as the control group. Serum amylin and myeloperoxidase were measured by ELISA; Amyloid and myeloperoxidase were reassessed in 30 patients with severe OSAHS after 6 months of combined therapy, and the relationship between amylin, myeloperoxidase and PSG was analyzed...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775002/-clinical-significance-of-four-quadrant-localization-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-metastatic-carcinoma-of-the-neck-with-unknown-primary
#18
Y Y Gao, X H Chen
Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical significance of four quadrant localization in the diagnosis and treatment of unknown primary cervical metastases. Method: The clinical data with unknown primary cervical metastases, were analyzed retrospectively. All the patients have not been found the original site in the initial treatment. There are four quadrants in the neck, the neck line as the longitudinal axis, and edge of cricoid cartilage as the horizontal axis. When cervical metastasis occurred in the left and right upper quadrant, the primary tumor site and radiotherapy from the skull base to the root of the neck; when appear in left and right lower quadrant, the primary investigation site and radiotherapy from neck to thoracic mediastinum, left lower abdomen also includes following primary search...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775001/-expression-and-significance-of-serum-hepatocyte-growth-factor-and-myeloperoxidase-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome
#19
L B Liao, J M Zhai, G G Chen, Z E Ma, X B Yang, J G Zhang
Objective: The aim of this study is to explore the expression and significance of serum HGF and MPO in patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) in adults. Method: Ninety-six cases of OSAHS patients diagnosed by PSG were divided into 3 groups: Heavy, medium and light according to the range of AHI; 32 cases of outpatients were healthy persons as the control group. The serum HGF and MPO were determined by ELISA; HGF and MPO were measured after comprehensive treat with CPAP in patients with severe OSAHS, and the correlation between HGF, MPO and PSG were analyzed...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774943/-progress-in-prophylatic-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-for-advanced-gastric-carcinoma
#20
Xinhua Chen, Jun Luo, Hao Liu, Yuehong Chen, Yanfeng Hu, Tuanjie Li, Tian Lin, Yu Zhu, Mingli Zhao, Hao Chen, Guoxin Li, Jiang Yu
Advanced gastric cancer (AGC) has a high recurrence rate (especially peritoneal relapse) and a poor prognosis. Systematic chemotherapy or targeted therapy have not been able to significantly reduce the major cause of an unfavorable prognosis, namely the high peritoneal AGC recurrence rate post-surgery. Further studies concerning the application of hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) post curative surgery for AGC patients, namely the prophylactic HIPEC (P-HIPEC), have involved a prophylactic approach to prevent peritoneal relapse following curative gastrectomy in high-risk patients...
May 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
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