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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923035/biomarkers-in-anal-cancer-from-biological-understanding-to-stratified-treatment
#1
Christopher M Jones, Vicky Goh, David Sebag-Montefiore, Duncan C Gilbert
Squamous cell carcinomas of the anus and anal canal represent a model of a cancer and perhaps the first where level 1 evidence supported primary chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in treating locoregional disease with curative intent. The majority of tumours are associated with infection with oncogenic subtypes of human papilloma virus and this plays a significant role in their sensitivity to treatment. However, not all tumours are cured with CRT and there remain opportunities to improve outcomes in terms of oncological control and also reducing late toxicities...
December 6, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922925/update-on-nonmalignant-lesions-of-the-inferior-turbinate
#2
Jared M Goldfarb, David Goldfarb, Marc R Rosen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The inferior turbinates are routinely examined by otolaryngologists on anterior rhinoscopy and nasal endoscopy. Most lesions of the inferior turbinate are benign but can often be confused with malignancy. This review highlights the broad differential of nonmalignant lesions of the inferior turbinates and their management. RECENT FINDINGS: A variety of infectious, inflammatory, neoplastic, and vascular lesions may affect the inferior turbinates...
December 5, 2016: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922065/detc-based-bacterial-cellulose-bio-curatives-for-topical-treatment-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis
#3
Fabiana S Celes, Eliane Trovatti, Ricardo Khouri, Johan Van Weyenbergh, Sidney J L Ribeiro, Valeria M Borges, Hernane S Barud, Camila I de Oliveira
The treatment of leishmaniasis still relies on drugs with potentially serious adverse effects. Herein, we tested a topical formulation of bacterial cellulose (BC) membranes containing Diethyldithiocarbamate (DETC), a superoxide dismutase 1 inhibitor. Leishmania-infected macrophages exposed to BC-DETC resulted in parasite killing, without pronounced toxic effects to host cells. This outcome was associated with lower SOD1 activity and higher production of superoxide and cytokine mediators. Topical application of BC-DETC significantly decreased lesion size, parasite load and the inflammatory response at the infection site, as well as the production of both IFN-γ and TNF...
December 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921224/hyperacute-peripheral-neuropathy-is-a-predictor-of-oxaliplatin-induced-persistent-peripheral-neuropathy
#4
Hiroyuki Tanishima, Toshiji Tominaga, Masamichi Kimura, Tsunehiro Maeda, Yasutsugu Shirai, Tetsuya Horiuchi
PURPOSE: Chronic peripheral neuropathy is a major adverse response to oxaliplatin-containing chemotherapy regimens, but there are no established risk factors pertaining to it. We investigated the efficacy of hyperacute peripheral neuropathy (HAPN) as a predictor of oxaliplatin-induced persistent peripheral neuropathy (PPN). METHODS: Forty-seven cases of stage III colorectal cancer who received adjuvant chemotherapy with oxaliplatin after curative surgery between January 2010 and August 2014 were retrospectively reviewed...
December 5, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921195/new-developments-in-the-pharmacodynamics-and-pharmacokinetics-of-combination-of-chinese-medicine-and-western-medicine
#5
REVIEW
Di Liu, Xiao-Chun Liang
It is very common to use Chinese medicine (CM) combined with Western medicine (WM) in clinical practice. The appropriate combination of CM with WM can reduce toxicity and enhance effects in order to make the best use of advantages and bypass the disadvantages. However, an inappropriate combination can not only affect the curative effect but even cause death. Therefore, strengthening the complementary advantages of the CM and WM to improve the therapeutic efficacy and reduce side effects has become an important research topic of clinical medicine and pharmacy...
December 5, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921192/actual-10-year-survivors-after-resection-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#6
Jian Zheng, Deborah Kuk, Mithat Gönen, Vinod P Balachandran, T Peter Kingham, Peter J Allen, Michael I D'Angelica, William R Jarnagin, Ronald P DeMatteo
BACKGROUND: Resection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) offers a chance of cure, but recurrence is common and survival is often limited. The clinical and pathological characteristics of long-term survivors have not been well studied. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 212 patients who underwent partial hepatectomy for HCC with curative intent from 1992 to 2006. Fifty patients who survived beyond 10 years were compared with 109 patients who died of recurrence within 10 years...
December 5, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921123/local-control-and-intermediate-term-cosmetic-outcome-following-imrt-for-nasal-tumors-an-update
#7
Yuki Mukai, Stefan Janssen, Christoph Glanzmann, David Holzmann, Gabriela Studer
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate local control and intermediate-term cosmetic outcome in patients with cancer of the nose treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). METHODS: From June 2008 to September 2015, 36 consecutive patients presenting with nasal cavity, ala of the nose, or nasal vestibule tumors were treated at the Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospital Zurich either postoperatively (n = 14; 3/14 with nasal ablation) or with definitive IMRT (n = 22)...
December 5, 2016: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921006/survival-and-control-prognosticators-of-recurrent-gynecological-malignancies-of-the-pelvis-and-para-aortic-region-treated-with-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy
#8
Shaakir Hasan, Anthony Ricco, Kaylette Jenkins, Rachelle Lanciano, Alexandra Hanlon, John Lamond, Jun Yang, Jing Feng, Michael Good, Joel Noumoff, Luther Brady
PURPOSE: To define prognostic factors associated with improved survival and local control (LC) for gynecologic cancer recurrences limited to the pelvis and para-aortic (PA) region using stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT). METHODS: Between 2/2008 and 7/2014, 30 women (35 targets) with pelvic or PA recurrence of endometrioid (n = 12), cervical (n = 11), ovarian (n = 3), uterine-serous (n = 2), or carcinosarcoma (n = 2) cancer were treated with SBRT...
2016: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920865/recurrent-radiation-induced-osteosarcoma-of-the-sternum-in-a-patient-with-remote-radiation-therapy-for-breast-cancer
#9
Joseph M Limback, Haley P Letter, Kurt F Scherer, Christopher W Wasyliw, Laura W Bancroft
BACKGROUND: Recurrent radiation-induced osteosarcoma of the sternum following remote radiation therapy for breast cancer and sternal reconstruction. CASE: A 51-year-old woman presents with recurrent, radiation-induced sternal osteosarcoma 11 years after receiving both radiation therapy for breast cancer and sternal reconstruction. The case details both her work-up and subsequent course, including reconstructive and curative efforts. DISCUSSION: An uncommon side effect of radiation therapy for breast cancer is development of osteosarcoma of the chest wall...
December 2016: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920139/making-the-most-of-cancer-surgery-with-neoadjuvant-immunotherapy
#10
Ignacio Melero, Pedro Berraondo, María E Rodríguez-Ruiz, José L Pérez-Gracia
Surgery remains our strongest treatment pillar against early stages of cancer. In a number of instances, the curative potential of surgery can be enhanced by treatments given before (neoadjuvant) or after (adjuvant) surgical procedures. Immunomodulation has emerged as a powerful tool to fight metastatic disease across cancer histologies and goes now to be tested at earlier surgically amenable stages. The work by Liu and colleagues in this issue provides solid preclinical evidence in support of neoadjuvant immunotherapy over adjuvant approaches...
December 2016: Cancer Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919972/clinical-burden-of-c-reactive-protein-albumin-ratio-before-curative-surgery-for-patients-with-gastric-cancer
#11
Yuji Toiyama, Tadanobu Shimura, Hiromi Yasuda, Hiroyuki Fujikawa, Yoshiki Okita, Minako Kobayashi, Masaki Ohi, Shigeyuki Yoshiyama, Jyunichiro Hiro, Toshimitsu Araki, Yasuhiro Inoue, Yasuhiko Mohri, Masato Kusunoki
To assess the relationship of C-reactive protein/albumin ratio (CAR) to outcomes and surgical site infection (SSI) in gastric cancer (GC) treated with curative intent, we retrospectively assessed 384 patients with GC for CAR, SSIs, disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS) and other factors. We found SSIs in 42 patients (10.9%). Pathological T-stage, TNM classification, body mass index, duration of surgery, blood loss and preoperative CAR were significantly associated with SSIs; in multivariate analyses, CAR [hazard ratio (HR)=2...
December 2016: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919968/overexpression-of-pbk-topk-contributes-to-tumor-development-and-poor-outcome-of-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#12
Takuma Ohashi, Shuhei Komatsu, Daisuke Ichikawa, Mahito Miyamae, Wataru Okajima, Taisuke Imamura, Jun Kiuchi, Keiji Nishibeppu, Toshiyuki Kosuga, Hirotaka Konishi, Atsushi Shiozaki, Hitoshi Fujiwara, Kazuma Okamoto, Hitoshi Tsuda, Eigo Otsuji
BACKGROUND: PDZ-binding kinase/T-cell-originated protein kinase (PBK/TOPK) is a serine-threonine kinase and overexpressed in various types of cancer. PBK/TOPK is associated with tumor cell development and progression through suppression of p53 function. In this study, we tested whether PBK acts as a cancer-promoting factor by being overexpressed in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed PBK/TOPK expression in 15 ESCC cell lines, and 54 primary ESCC tumors that were curatively resected between 1994 and 2007...
December 2016: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919941/ectopic-myoglobin-expression-is-associated-with-a-favourable-outcome-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-patients
#13
Sebastian Meller, Anne VAN Ellen, Heidrun Gevensleben, Anne Bicker, Thomas Hankeln, Thomas A Gorr, Verena Sailer, Freya Dröge, Friederike Schröck, Friedrich Bootz, Andreas Schröck, Sven Perner, Dimo Dietrich, Glen Kristiansen
BACKGROUND/AIM: Ectopic myoglobin (MB) expression, mediated by alternative and hypoxia-inducible transcription, has recently been demonstrated in several epithelial tumours. This study aimed to examine the expression of MB in hormone-independent head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using imunohistochemistry, ectopic MB expression was analyzed on tissue microarrays (TMAs) of 524 patients with localized and locally advanced primary and recurrent HNSCC who had undergone surgical treatment with curative intent...
December 2016: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919848/surgical-outcomes-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-invading-hepatocaval-confluence
#14
Wei Li, Hong Wu, Jun Han
BACKGROUND: Combined liver and inferior vena cava (IVC) resection followed by IVC and/or hepatic vein reconstruction (HVR) is a curative operation for selected patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) invading the hepatocaval confluence. The present study aimed to elucidate the prognostic factors for patients with HCC invading the hepatocaval confluence. METHODS: Forty-two consecutive patients underwent hepatectomy, combined with IVC replacement and/or HVR for HCC between January 2009 and December 2014 were included in this study...
December 2016: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918884/acute-invasive-fungal-rhinosinusitis-presentation-of-19-cases-review-of-the-literature-and-a-new-classification-system
#15
Onur Ergun, Emel Tahir, Oguz Kuscu, Burce Ozgen, Taner Yilmaz
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between acute invasive fungal rhinosinusitis (AIFRS) and underlying diseases, micro-organisms, presenting symptoms, extent of disease, radiologic findings, and outcomes and propose a new classification system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data of 19 AIFRS cases were analyzed retrospectively. Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography were performed in all patients preoperatively. All patients underwent at least 1 surgical debridement...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918777/global-regional-and-national-cancer-incidence-mortality-years-of-life-lost-years-lived-with-disability-and-disability-adjusted-life-years-for-32-cancer-groups-1990-to-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study
#16
Christina Fitzmaurice, Christine Allen, Ryan M Barber, Lars Barregard, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Hermann Brenner, Daniel J Dicker, Odgerel Chimed-Orchir, Rakhi Dandona, Lalit Dandona, Tom Fleming, Mohammad H Forouzanfar, Jamie Hancock, Roderick J Hay, Rachel Hunter-Merrill, Chantal Huynh, H Dean Hosgood, Catherine O Johnson, Jost B Jonas, Jagdish Khubchandani, G Anil Kumar, Michael Kutz, Qing Lan, Heidi J Larson, Xiaofeng Liang, Stephen S Lim, Alan D Lopez, Michael F MacIntyre, Laurie Marczak, Neal Marquez, Ali H Mokdad, Christine Pinho, Farshad Pourmalek, Joshua A Salomon, Juan Ramon Sanabria, Logan Sandar, Benn Sartorius, Stephen M Schwartz, Katya A Shackelford, Kenji Shibuya, Jeff Stanaway, Caitlyn Steiner, Jiandong Sun, Ken Takahashi, Stein Emil Vollset, Theo Vos, Joseph A Wagner, Haidong Wang, Ronny Westerman, Hajo Zeeb, Leo Zoeckler, Foad Abd-Allah, Muktar Beshir Ahmed, Samer Alabed, Noore K Alam, Saleh Fahed Aldhahri, Girma Alem, Mulubirhan Assefa Alemayohu, Raghib Ali, Rajaa Al-Raddadi, Azmeraw Amare, Yaw Amoako, Al Artaman, Hamid Asayesh, Niguse Atnafu, Ashish Awasthi, Huda Ba Saleem, Aleksandra Barac, Neeraj Bedi, Isabela Bensenor, Adugnaw Berhane, Eduardo Bernabé, Balem Betsu, Agnes Binagwaho, Dube Boneya, Ismael Campos-Nonato, Carlos Castañeda-Orjuela, Ferrán Catalá-López, Peggy Chiang, Chioma Chibueze, Abdulaal Chitheer, Jee-Young Choi, Benjamin Cowie, Solomon Damtew, José das Neves, Suhojit Dey, Samath Dharmaratne, Preet Dhillon, Eric Ding, Tim Driscoll, Donatus Ekwueme, Aman Yesuf Endries, Maryam Farvid, Farshad Farzadfar, Joao Fernandes, Florian Fischer, Tsegaye Tewelde G/Hiwot, Alemseged Gebru, Sameer Gopalani, Alemayehu Hailu, Masako Horino, Nobuyuki Horita, Abdullatif Husseini, Inge Huybrechts, Manami Inoue, Farhad Islami, Mihajlo Jakovljevic, Spencer James, Mehdi Javanbakht, Sun Ha Jee, Amir Kasaeian, Muktar Sano Kedir, Yousef S Khader, Young-Ho Khang, Daniel Kim, James Leigh, Shai Linn, Raimundas Lunevicius, Hassan Magdy Abd El Razek, Reza Malekzadeh, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Wagner Marcenes, Desalegn Markos, Yohannes A Melaku, Kidanu G Meles, Walter Mendoza, Desalegn Tadese Mengiste, Tuomo J Meretoja, Ted R Miller, Karzan Abdulmuhsin Mohammad, Alireza Mohammadi, Shafiu Mohammed, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Gabriele Nagel, Devina Nand, Quyen Le Nguyen, Sandra Nolte, Felix A Ogbo, Kelechi E Oladimeji, Eyal Oren, Mahesh Pa, Eun-Kee Park, David M Pereira, Dietrich Plass, Mostafa Qorbani, Amir Radfar, Anwar Rafay, Mahfuzar Rahman, Saleem M Rana, Kjetil Søreide, Maheswar Satpathy, Monika Sawhney, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Masood Ali Shaikh, Jun She, Ivy Shiue, Hirbo Roba Shore, Mark G Shrime, Samuel So, Samir Soneji, Vasiliki Stathopoulou, Konstantinos Stroumpoulis, Muawiyyah Babale Sufiyan, Bryan L Sykes, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos, Fentaw Tadese, Bemnet Amare Tedla, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, J S Thakur, Bach Xuan Tran, Kingsley Nnanna Ukwaja, Benjamin S Chudi Uzochukwu, Vasiliy Victorovich Vlassov, Elisabete Weiderpass, Mamo Wubshet Terefe, Henock Gebremedhin Yebyo, Hassen Hamid Yimam, Naohiro Yonemoto, Mustafa Z Younis, Chuanhua Yu, Zoubida Zaidi, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Zerihun Menlkalew Zenebe, Christopher J L Murray, Mohsen Naghavi
Importance: Cancer is the second leading cause of death worldwide. Current estimates on the burden of cancer are needed for cancer control planning. Objective: To estimate mortality, incidence, years lived with disability (YLDs), years of life lost (YLLs), and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 32 cancers in 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2015. Evidence Review: Cancer mortality was estimated using vital registration system data, cancer registry incidence data (transformed to mortality estimates using separately estimated mortality to incidence [MI] ratios), and verbal autopsy data...
December 3, 2016: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918764/effect-of-fluorouracil-leucovorin-and-oxaliplatin-with-or-without-onartuzumab-in-her2-negative-met-positive-gastroesophageal-adenocarcinoma-the-metgastric-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Manish A Shah, Yung-Jue Bang, Florian Lordick, Maria Alsina, Meng Chen, Stephen P Hack, Jean Marie Bruey, Dustin Smith, Ian McCaffery, David S Shames, See Phan, David Cunningham
Importance: Dysregulation of the mesenchymal-epithelial transition (MET) signaling pathway is associated with poor prognosis in gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma (GEC). We report results of METGastric, a phase 3 trial of the MET inhibitor onartuzumab plus standard first-line chemotherapy for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative, MET-positive, advanced GEC. Objective: To determine whether the addition of onartuzumab to first-line fluorouracil, leucovorin, and oxaliplatin (mFOLFOX6) improves efficacy compared with mFOLFOX6 plus placebo in HER2-negative, MET-positive GEC...
December 1, 2016: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917946/basigin-can-be-a-therapeutic-target-to-restore-the-retinal-vascular-barrier-function-in-the-mouse-model-of-diabetic-retinopathy
#18
Mitsuru Arima, Dan Cui, Tokuhiro Kimura, Koh-Hei Sonoda, Tatsuro Ishibashi, Satoshi Matsuda, Eiji Ikeda
Despite the advance in medical technology, diabetic retinopathy (DR) is still an intractable disease which leads to the damage of retinal cells and finally the visual loss. Impairment of retinal vascular barrier triggered by an admixture of multiple inflammatory cytokines is a core of pathophysiology of DR. Therefore, the molecules involved commonly in multiple cytokines-induced impairment of vascular barrier would be the targets of curative treatment of DR. Here, we demonstrate that basigin, a transmembrane molecule expressed in neural barrier-forming endothelial cells, is the molecule essential for vascular barrier impairment which is shared by various triggers including VEGF, TNFα and IL-1β...
December 5, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917732/olfactory-neuroblastoma-14-year-experience-at-an-australian-tertiary-centre-and-the-role-for-longer-term-surveillance
#19
C Schmidt, N Potter, S Porceddu, B Panizza
BACKGROUND: Olfactory neuroblastoma is a rare sinonasal malignancy, with poorly defined treatment protocols. Management at a tertiary centre was retrospectively evaluated to inform future treatment and follow up. METHODS: Cases treated with curative intent (2000-2014) were included. Data were collected, and overall and disease-free survival rates were calculated. RESULTS: Eleven cases were identified, with a median follow up of 87 months. One patient was Kadish stage A, one was stage B, eight were stage C and one was stage D...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917618/prognostic-impact-of-mutt-homolog-1-expression-on-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#20
Shingo Akiyama, Hiroshi Saeki, Yuichiro Nakashima, Makoto Iimori, Hiroyuki Kitao, Eiji Oki, Yoshinao Oda, Yusaku Nakabeppu, Yoshihiro Kakeji, Yoshihiko Maehara
MutT homolog-1 (MTH1) is a pyrophosphatase that acts on oxidized nucleotides and hydrolyzes 8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine triphosphate in deoxynucleoside triphosphate pool to prevent its incorporation into nuclear and mitochondrial DNA, result in reduce cytotoxicity in tumor cells. MTH1 is overexpressed in various cancers and is considered as a therapeutic target. Environmental factors such as cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption are critical risk factors for the development and progression of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), suggesting that oxidative stress contributes to the pathogenesis of ESCC...
December 5, 2016: Cancer Medicine
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