Read by QxMD icon Read

lose fat

Hugo Martínez-Rojano, María Luisa Pizano-Zárate, Bernarda Sánchez-Jiménez, Reyna Sámano, Armando López-Portillo
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of obesity in Mexican children has increased during the last decade, as has the risk of early onset metabolic disorders and cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association ofAcantosis nigricans (AN)with dyslipidemia, high blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), and risk factors related to eating behavior in overweight and obese children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This transverse analytical study, conducted in two Mexico City primary schools, included 300 boys and girls...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Iris Pigeot, Ulla Walter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
Christian Schlein, Joerg Heeren
Excess and ectopic fat accumulation in obesity is a major risk factor for developing hyperlipidemia, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The activation of brown and/or beige adipocytes is a promising target for the treatment of metabolic disorders as the combustion of excess energy by these thermogenic adipocytes may help losing weight and improving plasma parameters including triglyceride, cholesterol and glucose levels. The regulation of heat production by thermogenic adipose tissues is based on a complex crosstalk between the autonomous nervous system, intracellular and secreted factors...
August 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
M E Peterson, C A Castellano, M Rishniw
BACKGROUND: The contribution of fat loss versus muscle wasting to the loss of body weight seen in hyperthyroid cats is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To investigate body weight, body condition score (BCS), and muscle condition score (MCS) in hyperthyroid cats. ANIMALS: Four hundred sixty-two cats with untreated hyperthyroidism, 117 of which were reevaluated after treatment. METHODS: Prospective cross-sectional and before-after studies...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Denise Bernhardt, Hans-Peter Müller, Albert C Ludolph, Luc Dupuis, Jan Kassubek
INTRODUCTION: There is some evidence that Parkinson's Disease (PD) patients have lower body weight and lower fat mass when compared to healthy subjects and that lower body weight and fat mass influence disease risk and progression. It remains unclear, however, if weight loss of fat mass loss occurs only in a subgroup of patients and whether fat distribution is altered during PD. The aim of this study was to prospectively investigate adipose tissue content and distribution in PD patients...
September 16, 2016: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
A Ross, A Brooks, K Touchton-Leonard, G Wallen
Yoga interventions improve obesity-related outcomes including body mass index (BMI), body weight, body fat, and waist circumference, yet it is unclear whether these improvements are due to increased physical activity, increased lean muscle mass, and/or changes in eating behaviors. The purpose of this study is to expand our understanding of the experience of losing weight through yoga. Methods. Semistructured interviews were qualitatively analyzed using a descriptive phenomenological approach. Results. Two distinct groups who had lost weight through yoga responded: those who were overweight and had repeatedly struggled in their attempts to lose weight (55%, n = 11) and those who were of normal weight and had lost weight unintentionally (45%, n = 9)...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Marjanne Senekal, Gabrielle L Lasker, Lindsay van Velden, Ria Laubscher, Norman J Temple
BACKGROUND: Female university students are at risk for weight gain and use of inappropriate weight-loss strategies. By gaining a greater understanding of the weight-loss strategies used by and weight management related characteristics of these students, effective weight management interventions for this vulnerable group can be developed. METHODS: Two hundred and fifty female students from South Africa universities, aged 18-25 years, participated in this cross-sectional study; 162 attempted weight loss during the year preceding the study (dieters) and 88 were non-dieters...
2016: BMC Public Health
Nathalie Jouvet, Jennifer L Estall
Aging affects every species and tissue but not in equal ways. Human pancreatic β-cells lose their ability to replicate, regenerate, and secrete insulin as one gets older. This natural process increases risk of developing diabetes as you age and is a concern for donor islets and stem cells obtained from older subjects destined for transplantation or emerging regenerative therapies. Using fluidic sorting and RNA sequencing on single cells, Xin et al describe a transcriptional signature of mouse β-cell aging between adulthood and a very old age...
September 2016: Endocrinology
Yaxi Chen, Li Tian, Shan Wan, Ying Xie, Xiang Chen, Xiao Ji, Qian Zhao, Chunyu Wang, Kun Zhang, Janet M Hock, Haoming Tian, Xijie Yu
MiR-17-92 cluster contributes to the regulation of mammalian development, aging and tumorigenesis. The functional roles of miR-17-92 in pancreatic beta-cells are largely unknown. In this study, we found that conditional deletion of miR-17-92 in mouse pancreatic beta-cells (miR-17-92βKO) significantly reduces glucose tolerance and the first phase of insulin secretion, despite normal ad libitum fed and fasting glucose levels. Proliferation is down-regulated in pancreatic beta-cells after deleting miR-17-92. MiR-17-92βKO mice show higher phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN) and lower phosphorylated AKT in islets...
December 5, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Adam J Santanasto, Bret H Goodpaster, Stephen B Kritchevsky, Iva Miljkovic, Suzanne Satterfield, Ann V Schwartz, Steven R Cummings, Robert M Boudreau, Tamara B Harris, Anne B Newman
BACKGROUND: Age-related losses of lean mass and shifts to central adiposity are related to functional decline and may predict mortality and/or explain part of the risk of weight loss. To determine how mortality risk is related to shifts in body composition, changes should be considered in the context of overall weight change. METHODS: Five-year changes in body composition were assessed with computed tomography (cm(2)) and dual x-ray absorptiometry (kg) in 869 men and 934 women initially aged 70-79 years...
August 27, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
T Y Chen, D Lines, C Dickson, C Go, R N Kirkwood, P Langendijk
Primiparous (P1) sows commonly lose excessive body reserves to meet energy requirements for maintenance and milk production during lactation, and consequently, post-weaning reproductive performance may be compromised. The present studies determined whether ad libitum feeding a glucogenic carbohydrate diet (CHO) during late lactation could stimulate insulin and glucose secretion (experiment 1) and improve subsequent litter size (experiment 2). For experiment 1, 15 P1 sows, and for experiment 2, 99 P1 sows (198...
October 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
Brian Camilleri, Julie M Bridson, Ajay Sharma, Ahmed Halawa
Obesity is associated with worse short-term outcomes after kidney transplantation but the effect on long-term outcomes is unknown. Although some studies have reported worse outcomes for obese recipients when compared to recipients with a BMI in the normal range, obese recipients who receive a transplant have better outcomes than those who remain wait-listed. Whether transplant candidates should be advised to lose weight before or after transplant has been debated and this is mainly due to the gap in the literature linking pre-transplant weight loss with better outcomes post-transplantation...
October 2016: Transplantation Reviews
Armand Valsesia, Wim Hm Saris, Arne Astrup, Jörg Hager, Mojgan Masoodi
BACKGROUND: An aim of weight loss is to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in obese subjects. However, the relation with long-term glycemic improvement remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the changes in lipid composition during weight loss and their association with long-term glycemic improvement. DESIGN: We investigated the plasma lipidome of 383 obese, nondiabetic patients within a randomized, controlled dietary intervention in 8 European countries at baseline, after an 8-wk low-caloric diet (LCD) (800-1000 kcal/d), and after 6 mo of weight maintenance...
September 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Katherine M Livingstone, Carlos Celis-Morales, Jose Lara, Clara Woolhead, Clare B O'Donovan, Hannah Forster, Cyril Fm Marsaux, Anna L Macready, Rosalind Fallaize, Santiago Navas-Carretero, Rodrigo San-Cristobal, Silvia Kolossa, Lydia Tsirigoti, Christina P Lambrinou, George Moschonis, Agnieszka Surwiłło, Christian A Drevon, Yannis Manios, Iwona Traczyk, Eileen R Gibney, Lorraine Brennan, Marianne C Walsh, Julie A Lovegrove, J Alfredo Martinez, Wim Hm Saris, Hannelore Daniel, Mike Gibney, John C Mathers
OBJECTIVE: To characterise clusters of individuals based on adherence to dietary recommendations and to determine whether changes in Healthy Eating Index (HEI) scores in response to a personalised nutrition (PN) intervention varied between clusters. DESIGN: Food4Me study participants were clustered according to whether their baseline dietary intakes met European dietary recommendations. Changes in HEI scores between baseline and month 6 were compared between clusters and stratified by whether individuals received generalised or PN advice...
August 8, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Wonseok Chung, Jimi Ryu, Seokhee Chung, Sungsoo Kim
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effect of Qingxue Dan (QXD) on obesity and metabolic biomarker related to obesity. METHODS: A randomized, double blinded, placebo-controlled trial with a paralleled study design was conducted. Twenty-six obese volunteers aged between 30 and 60 with obesity and more than 2 metabolic risk factors were recruited at the department of oriental rehabilitation medicine, Kyunghee university oriental medical hospital, Seoul, Korea. Subjects were randomly assigned to an intervention (QXD) group or a placebo group, and treated with 900 mg/d of QXD or placebo medicine for 8 weeks...
June 2016: Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chung i Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan
Scott E Crouter, Carlos Salas, Jean Wiecha
Physical activity (PA) promotes health in obese youth and is an important adjunct to medical weight management. Access to structured fitness programmes for obese, low-income youth is limited and potential benefits of such programmes are poorly understood. We describe an urban afterschool fitness programme for obese youth and participants' changes in fitness and body composition. A case series of 30 youth (age: 11.5 ± 2.5 years) with BMI ≥95th percentile and physician referral received a 24-wk programme scholarship...
July 19, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Jenifer Monks, Monika Dzieciatkowska, Elise S Bales, David J Orlicky, Richard M Wright, James L McManaman
Apocrine secretion is utilized by epithelial cells of exocrine glands. These cells bud off membrane-bound particles into the lumen of the gland, losing a portion of cytoplasm in the secretion product. The lactating mammary gland secretes milk lipid by this mechanism, and Xanthine Oxidoreductase (XOR) has long been thought to be functionally important. We generated mammary specific XOR knockout (MGKO) mice, expecting lactation to fail. Histology of the knockout glands showed very large lipid droplets enclosed in the mammary alveolar cells, but milk analysis showed that these large globules were secreted...
June 30, 2016: Journal of Physiology
P A Dyson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Simona Neri, Serena Guidotti, Nicoletta Libera Lilli, Luca Cattini, Erminia Mariani
Different sources of mesenchymal stromal cells can be considered for regenerative medicine applications. Here we analyzed human adipose-derived stromal cells from infrapatellar fat pad (IFPSC) of osteoarthritis patients, representing a very interesting candidate for cartilage regeneration. No data are available concerning IFPSC stability after in vitro expansion. Indeed, replicative potential and multipotency progressively decrease during culture passages while DNA damage and cell senescence increase, thus possibly affecting clinical applications...
June 23, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Étienne Myette-Côté, Claudie Archambault-Therrien, Martin Brochu, Isabelle J Dionne, Eléonor Riesco
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine if overweight postmenopausal women who do not experience fat mass loss after a 1-year aerobic exercise (AE) and resistance training (RT) program can still improve physical fitness. METHODS: Thirty-one overweight women (body mass index 28-40 kg/m or waist circumference ≥88 cm) participated in three weekly supervised AE and RT sessions for 1 year. All women were categorized according to their fat mass changes after the intervention: 14 women were considered as responders (fat mass loss ≥5% of initial fat mass) and 17 as nonresponders (fat mass loss <5% of initial fat mass)...
October 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"