keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

alcohol intake

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146495/polysaccharides-from-citrus-grandis-l-osbeck-suppress-inflammation-and-relieve-chronic-pharyngitis
#1
Liyan Chen, Yongfeng Lai, Lei Dong, Shasha Kang, Xiumei Chen
Chronic pharyngitis, a common inflammation of the pharyngeal mucosa, is often caused by bacteria, viruses, alcohol abuse, overuse of the voice and cigarettes. This study aimed to explore the effects of polysaccharides of Citrus grandis L. Osbeck (PCG) in relieving chronic pharyngitis and illustrate the underlying mechanisms. Polysaccharides were obtained from PCG by column chromatographic extraction. Six clinical symptom scores, such as the severity of itchy throat, hoarseness, pain, odynophagia, cough and otalgia were evaluated in chronic pharyngitis patients after the oral intake of PCG...
November 13, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145892/association-between-plasma-phospholipid-saturated-fatty-acids-and-metabolic-markers-of-lipid-hepatic-inflammation-and-glycaemic-pathways-in-eight-european-countries-a-cross-sectional-analysis-in-the-epic-interact-study
#2
Ju-Sheng Zheng, Stephen J Sharp, Fumiaki Imamura, Albert Koulman, Matthias B Schulze, Zheng Ye, Jules Griffin, Marcela Guevara, José María Huerta, Janine Kröger, Ivonne Sluijs, Antonio Agudo, Aurelio Barricarte, Heiner Boeing, Sandra Colorado-Yohar, Courtney Dow, Miren Dorronsoro, Pia T Dinesen, Guy Fagherazzi, Paul W Franks, Edith J M Feskens, Tilman Kühn, Verena Andrea Katzke, Timothy J Key, Kay-Tee Khaw, Maria Santucci de Magistris, Francesca Romana Mancini, Elena Molina-Portillo, Peter M Nilsson, Anja Olsen, Kim Overvad, Domenico Palli, Jose Ramón Quirós, Olov Rolandsson, Fulvio Ricceri, Annemieke M W Spijkerman, Nadia Slimani, Giovanna Tagliabue, Anne Tjonneland, Rosario Tumino, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Claudia Langenberg, Elio Riboli, Nita G Forouhi, Nicholas J Wareham
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence suggests that individual circulating saturated fatty acids (SFAs) are heterogeneous in their associations with cardio-metabolic diseases, but evidence about associations of SFAs with metabolic markers of different pathogenic pathways is limited. We aimed to examine the associations between plasma phospholipid SFAs and the metabolic markers of lipid, hepatic, glycaemic and inflammation pathways. METHODS: We measured nine individual plasma phospholipid SFAs and derived three SFA groups (odd-chain: C15:0 + C17:0, even-chain: C14:0 + C16:0 + C18:0, and very-long-chain: C20:0 + C22:0 + C23:0 + C24:0) in individuals from the subcohort of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-InterAct case-cohort study across eight European countries...
November 17, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144544/effects-of-nicotine-on-alcohol-drinking-in-female-mice-selectively-bred-for-high-or-low-alcohol-preference
#3
Marcus M Weera, Molly A Fields, Danielle N Tapp, Nicholas J Grahame, Julia A Chester
BACKGROUND: Studies show that repeated nicotine use associates with high alcohol consumption in humans, and that nicotine exposure sometimes increases alcohol consumption in animal models. However, the relative roles of genetic predisposition to high alcohol consumption, the alcohol drinking patterns, and the timing of nicotine exposure both with respect to alcohol drinking and developmental stage remain unclear. The studies here manipulated all these variables, using mice selectively bred for differences in free-choice alcohol consumption to elucidate the role of genetics and nicotine exposure in alcohol consumption behaviors...
November 16, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144408/antioxidant-effect-of-barley-sprout-extract-via-enhancement-of-nuclear-factor-erythroid-2-related-factor-2-activity-and-glutathione-synthesis
#4
Yun-Hee Lee, Sou Hyun Kim, Seunghyun Lee, Kyung-Mi Kim, Jae-Chul Jung, Tae Gen Son, Sung Hwan Ki, Woo-Duck Seo, Jae-Hwan Kwak, Jin Tae Hong, Young-Suk Jung
We previously showed that barley sprout extract (BSE) prevents chronic alcohol intake-induced liver injury in mice. BSE notably inhibited glutathione (GSH) depletion and increased inflammatory responses, revealing its mechanism of preventing alcohol-induced liver injury. In the present study we investigated whether the antioxidant effect of BSE involves enhancing nuclear factor-erythroid 2 related factor 2 (Nrf2) activity and GSH synthesis to inhibit alcohol-induced oxidative liver injury. Mice fed alcohol for four weeks exhibited significantly increased oxidative stress, evidenced by increased malondialdehyde (MDA) level and 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) immunostaining in the liver, whereas treatment with BSE (100 mg/kg) prevented these effects...
November 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143243/seasonal-variation-and-diet-quality-among-spanish-people-aged-over-55%C3%A2-years
#5
R Aparicio-Ugarriza, C Rumi, R Luzardo-Socorro, J Mielgo-Ayuso, G Palacios, M M Bibiloni, A Julibert, E Argelich, J A Tur, M González-Gross
There is evidence supporting the importance of a healthy diet; however, there are few studies analyzing the seasonal variation of food intake. The present study was aimed to evaluate seasonal variation of food and energy intake in Spanish elderly also to investigate diet quality based on the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) score. From a cross-sectional study, 28 individuals (39% males) aged over 55 years volunteered for a longitudinal follow-up. Dietary assessment was evaluated through 24-h dietary recalls. Energy and nutrient intake were calculated using DIAL software...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140988/sex-difference-in-the-interaction-of-alcohol-intake-hepatitis-b-virus-and-hepatitis-c-virus-on-the-risk-of-cirrhosis
#6
Tommaso Stroffolini, Evangelista Sagnelli, Angelo Andriulli, Guido Colloredo, Caterina Furlan, Giovanni Battista Gaeta, Filomena Morisco, Mario Pirisi, Floriano Rosina, Caterina Sagnelli, Antonina Smedile, Piero Luigi Almasio
BACKGROUND: The joint effect of the interaction of alcohol intake, hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) on the risk of cirrhosis is still unexplored because a large sample size is required for this investigation. OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of interaction of HBV, HCV and alcohol abuse on the risk of cirrhosis. DESIGN: We analysed 12,262 consecutive patients with chronic liver disease of various aetiologies referring to 95 Italian liver units in 2001 or 2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139359/oral-lichen-planus-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study-of-33-patients
#7
Virendra N Sehgal, Nazim Hussain Syed, Ashok Aggarwal, Shruti Sehgal
Oral lichen planus (OLP), a well-known entity, is often neglected; however, its assessment is considered essential for evolving future strategies for treatment. Thirty-three patients with OLP from 200 consecutive patients with oral mucosal lesions were studied according to demography. Tobacco chewing, smoking, and alcohol intake were recorded. Examination of the oral cavity, using a head light and tongue depressor, was undertaken to define the morphology of the lesion(s). Colored photographs were an essential part of the process...
2017: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139043/early-onset-baldness-and-the-risk-of-aggressive-prostate-cancer-findings-from-a-case-control-study
#8
Nathan P Papa, Robert J MacInnis, Dallas R English, Damien Bolton, Ian D Davis, Nathan Lawrentschuk, Jeremy L Millar, Gianluca Severi, John L Hopper, Graham G Giles
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the associations between androgenetic alopecia at a young age and subsequent development of aggressive prostate cancer (PC). METHODS: Using a case-control design with self-administered questionnaire, we evaluated the association between aggressive PC and very early-onset balding at age 20, and early-onset balding at age 40 years in 1,941 men. Cases were men with high-grade and/or advanced stage cancer and controls were clinic based men who had undergone biopsy and were found to be histologically cancer negative...
November 14, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136221/facial-flushing-after-alcohol-intake-as-a-predictor-for-a-high-risk-of-synchronous-or-metachronous-cancer-of-the-upper-gastrointestinal-tract
#9
Hiroyuki Harada, Shogo Shinohara, Shinji Takebayashi, Masahiro Kikuchi, Keizo Fujiwara, Tetsuhiko Michida, Ryosuke Yamamoto, Kazuki Hayashi, Koji Saida, Yasushi Naito
Background: In Japan, there has been a lot of reports showing an association between facial flushing after light alcohol consumption and heterozygosity for inactive aldehyde dehydrogenase-2 (ALDH2). Persons with inactive ALDH2 may have a higher risk of alcohol-related oral, pharyngeal and esophageal cancers, compared with those with wild-type ALDH2. The purpose of this study was to examine whether flushers with oral or pharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma have an increased risk of synchronous or metachronous cancer of the upper gastrointestinal (UGI) tract...
November 9, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135945/nutritional-profile-and-dietary-patterns-of-lebanese-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-patients-a-case-control-study
#10
Nicole Fakhoury-Sayegh, Hassan Younes, Gessica N H A Heraoui, Raymond Sayegh
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is considered the most common liver disease in the world. Dietary habits have a significant impact on the biological and physical profile of patients and increase the risk of NAFLD. The overall pattern of diet intake is more associated with health outcomes than nutrients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the nutritional profile and the dietary patterns of Lebanese NAFLD patients and compare it with controls. During this study; 112 NAFLD Lebanese adult patients (55 men and 57 women); and 110 controls (44 men and 66 women) were recruited...
November 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135112/symptom-triggered-alcohol-vapor-inhalation-for-postoperative-alcohol-withdrawal-syndrome-in-patients-with-gastroesophageal-carcinoma
#11
Fengwei Kong, Miao Zhang, Heng Wang, Dong Liu, Ying Wu, Ning Chai, Wenbin Wu
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility and efficacy of alcohol vapor inhalation during fasting time for cancer patients with alcohol withdrawal symptoms (AWS) after surgery. METHODS: The data of 51 patients after esophagectomy or gastrectomy for gastroesophageal carcinoma in two hospitals from January 2011 to December 2016 was retrospectively analyzed. These patients were diagnosed with AWS with Clinic Institute Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome Scale (CIWA-Ar) score ≥ 9 in two hospitals during fasting time from January 2011 to December 2016, and they were accordingly divided into alcohol vapor group (n=25) and diazepam group (n=26)...
September 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135074/effects-of-alcohol-on-plasma-glucose-and-prevention-of-alcohol-induced-hypoglycemia-in-type-1-diabetes-a-systematic-review-with-grade
#12
REVIEW
R Tetzschner, K Nørgaard, A Ranjan
BACKGROUND: Since ethanol is thought to be a risk factor for severe hypoglycemia, patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) are recommended to limit ethanol intake. However, little is known on how ethanol affects plasma glucose and how ethanol-induced hypoglycemia can be prevented. In this study, we systematically reviewed the literature for ethanol effects on plasma glucose and for prevention strategies on ethanol-induced hypoglycemia. METHODS: Electronic searches on PubMed and Google were conducted in February 2017...
November 14, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134053/motivational-antecedents-of-well-being-and-health-related-behaviors-in-adolescents
#13
Isabel Balaguer, Joan L Duda, Isabel Castillo
Grounded in the Achievement Goal Theory framework of motivation and optimal functioning, there were two objectives of this study: (a) to test a model hypothesizing links between personal theories of school achievement, indices of the quality of academic engagement, wellbeing, and health-related behaviors, and (b) to explore whether the hypothesized model was invariant across gender groups. A multisection questionnaire pack tapping the targeted variables was administered to 967 teenagers (475 boys and 492 girls) aged between 11 to 16 years old...
October 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133954/exogenous-ghrelin-administration-increases-alcohol-self-administration-and-modulates-brain-functional-activity-in-heavy-drinking-alcohol-dependent-individuals
#14
M Farokhnia, E N Grodin, M R Lee, E N Oot, A N Blackburn, B L Stangl, M L Schwandt, L A Farinelli, R Momenan, V A Ramchandani, L Leggio
Preclinical evidence suggests that ghrelin, a peptide synthesized by endocrine cells of the stomach and a key component of the gut-brain axis, is involved in alcohol seeking as it modulates both central reward and stress pathways. However, whether and how ghrelin administration may impact alcohol intake in humans is not clear. For, we believe, the first time, this was investigated in the present randomized, crossover, double-blind, placebo-controlled, human laboratory study. Participants were non-treatment-seeking alcohol-dependent heavy-drinking individuals...
November 14, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132523/pancreatitis-and-pancreatic-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Anne Walling, Robert Freelove
Most cases of acute pancreatitis are related to gallstones. More than 80% resolve within a few days. The diagnosis is based on upper abdominal pain, elevated lipase and/or amylase, and transabdominal ultrasound findings. Management requires early aggressive hydration, pain control, nutritional support, and monitoring for progression. Patients who develop hypovolemia, systemic inflammatory response, pancreatic necrosis, and organ failure have high mortality, risk of recurrence, and progression to chronic pancreatitis (CP)...
December 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130719/-prevalence-of-modifiable-behavioral-risk-factors-associated-to-non-communicable-diseases-in-latin-american-college-students-a-systematic-review
#16
Luis Gabriel Rangel Caballero, Edna Magaly Gamboa Delgado, Alba Liliana Murillo López
INTRODUCTION: Physical inactivity, smoking, harmful use of alcohol and an unhealthy diet are considered by the World Health Organization (WHO) as the four main behavioral risk factors that increase the risk of suffering non-communicable diseases. OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of the behavioral risk factors in college students according to the scientific database analyzed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review was carried out with 585 articles analyzed through electronic search in academic databases...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130704/-relationship-between-anthropometric-health-indexes-with-food-consumption-in-physically-active-elderly
#17
Pablo Antonio Valdés-Badilla, Andrés Godoy-Cumillaf, Jenny Ortega-Spuler, Daniela Díaz-Aravena, Nibaldo Castro-Garrido, Luis Sandoval-Muñoz, Tomás Herrera-Valenzuela, Antonio López-Fuenzalida, Rodrigo Vargas-Vitoria, Samuel Durán-Aguero
INTRODUCTION: Programs focused on active aging do not always have actions to guide the elderly about healthy eating. Therefore, the concordance between the feeding habits and the morphological characteristics of this population group is little known. OBJECTIVE: To correlate the anthropometric health indexes with the frequency of food consumption in physically active elderly (PAE). METHODS: The sample consisted of 307 physically active Chilean elders of both sexes (8...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130593/chylomicronemia-risk-factors-ranked-by-importance-for-the-individual-and-community-in-108-711-women-and-men
#18
Simon B Pedersen, Anette Varbo, Anne Langsted, Børge G Nordestgaard
BACKGROUND: Hypertriglyceridemia prevalence is increasing as more individuals become obese, and chylomicronemia risk factors for the individual and community have not been described previously. OBJECTIVE: To describe chylomicronemia risk factors in the general population for individuals and community. METHODS: 108,711 individuals from the Copenhagen General Population Study were grouped as unlikely chylomicronemia (nonfasting triglycerides <2mmol/L(177 mg/dL)), possible chylomicronemia (2-4...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129895/impact-of-alcohol-intake-and-drinking-patterns-on-mortality-from-all-causes-and-major-causes-of-death-in-a-japanese-population
#19
Eiko Saito, Manami Inoue, Norie Sawada, Hadrien Charvat, Taichi Shimazu, Taiki Yamaji, Motoki Iwasaki, Shizuka Sasazuki, Tetsuya Mizoue, Hiroyasu Iso, Shoichiro Tsugane
BACKGROUND: We examined the associations of alcohol consumption and liver holidays with all-cause mortality and with mortality due to cancer, heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, respiratory disease, and injury using a large-scale prospective study in Japan. METHODS: We followed 102,849 Japanese who were aged between 40 and 69 years at baseline for 18.2 years on average, during which 15,203 deaths were reported. Associations between alcohol intake and mortality risk were assessed using a Cox proportional hazards model, with analysis by the number of liver holidays (in which a person abstains from drinking for several days a week)...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129797/microglia-and-alcohol-meet-at-the-crossroads-microglia-as-critical-modulators-of-alcohol-neurotoxicity
#20
REVIEW
Joana F Henriques, Camila C Portugal, Teresa Canedo, João B Relvas, Teresa Summavielle, Renato Socodato
Alcohol use disorders affect millions of people worldwide causing huge social and economic burden on modern society. Excessive alcohol consumption or intoxication provokes severe damage to the body inducing immune suppression, liver damage and neurological disorder. In the central nervous system (CNS), alcohol exposure can lead to neuronal loss, cognitive decline, motor dysfunction, inflammation and impairment of neuroimmune responses. Glial cells, from which microglia represent roughly 10-15%, are primary modulators of the neuroimmune responses and inflammation in the CNS...
November 9, 2017: Toxicology Letters
keyword
keyword
74430
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"