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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102107/occupational-dietary-and-other-risk-factors-for-myelodysplastic-syndromes-in-western-greece
#1
Christina Avgerinou, Ioanna Giannezi, Stela Theodoropoulou, Vasileios Lazaris, Georgia Kolliopoulou, Panagiotis Zikos, Yannis Alamanos, Michalis Leotsinidis, Argiris Symeonidis
PURPOSE: We have observed an increasing incidence of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) in the geographic area of Western Greece during the past two decades. The objective of this study was to investigate potential risk factors for the manifestation of MDS in this area of Greece. METHODS: A hospital-based case-control study was conducted in the public hospitals of the region. Participants were interviewed based on a questionnaire regarding demographics, occupational exposures, smoking, alcohol consumption, dietary, and domestic factors...
January 19, 2017: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101559/cannabis-use-in-persons-with-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-in-denmark
#2
Sven R Andresen, Fin Biering-Sørensen, Ellen Merete Hagen, Jørgen F Nielsen, Flemming W Bach, Nanna B Finnerup
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate recreational and medical cannabis use in individuals with traumatic spinal cord injury, including reasons and predictors for use, perceived benefits and negative consequences. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey in Denmark. METHODS: A 35-item questionnaire was sent to 1,101 patients with spinal cord injury who had been in contact with a rehabilitation centre between 1990 and 2012. RESULTS: A total of 537 participants completed the questionnaire...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100008/is-moderate-alcohol-use-in-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-good-or-bad-a-critical-review
#3
REVIEW
Veeral H Ajmera, Norah A Terrault, Stephen A Harrison
Moderate alcohol consumption in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is common, yet the effects on cardiovascular and liver health are unclear. Moderate alcohol use is associated with improved insulin sensitivity and decreased cardiovascular mortality in the general population but whether similar benefits are seen in persons with NAFLD is largely unstudied. There is significant overlap in the pathogenesis of alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and NAFLD although studies of ALD have focused on pathologic alcohol intake and few mechanistic studies of moderate alcohol use in NAFLD exist...
January 18, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097521/alcohol-consumption-and-dementia-risk-a-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#4
Wei Xu, Huifu Wang, Yu Wan, Chenchen Tan, Jieqiong Li, Lan Tan, Jin-Tai Yu
It is widely believed that light-to-moderate alcohol intake may protect against dementia while excessive drinking may instead increase the risk. Nonetheless, these findings need cautious interpretations due to varying methodologies and lack of standard definition, which hindered our transferring into preventative practice. The objective of this study is to investigate the potential dose-response association between alcohol consumption and risk of dementia. A systematic search was conducted in electronic databases to identify relevant studies...
January 17, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097068/hepatic-fibrosis-and-factors-associated-with-liver-stiffness-in-hiv-mono-infected-individuals
#5
Mihály Sulyok, Tamás Ferenci, Mihály Makara, Gábor Horváth, János Szlávik, Zsófia Rupnik, Luca Kormos, Zsuzsanna Gerlei, Zita Sulyok, István Vályi-Nagy
BACKGROUND: Liver disease has become an important cause of morbidity and mortality even in those HIV-infected individuals who are devoid of hepatitis virus co-infection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the degree of hepatic fibrosis and the role of associated factors using liver stiffness measurement in HIV mono-infected patients without significant alcohol intake. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of 101 HIV mono-infected patients recruited prospectively from March 1, 2014 to October 30, 2014 at the Center for HIV, St István and St László Hospital, Budapest, Hungary...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095808/associations-between-access-to-alcohol-outlets-and-alcohol-intake-and-depressive-symptoms-in-women-from-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-neighbourhoods-in-australia
#6
Karen E Lamb, Lukar E Thornton, Megan Teychenne, Catherine Milte, Ester Cerin, Kylie Ball
BACKGROUND: This study examined associations between alcohol outlet access and alcohol intake, depressive symptoms score and risk of depression among women residing in disadvantaged neighbourhoods in Victoria, Australia. METHODS: Data on depressive symptoms, alcohol intake and socio-demographic characteristics were obtained from a sample of 995 adult women from Victoria, Australia who were surveyed as part of the Resilience in Eating and Activity Despite Inequality (READI) study...
January 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094058/association-between-dietary-patterns-cadmium-intake-and-chronic-kidney-disease-among-adults
#7
Zumin Shi, Anne W Taylor, Malcolm Riley, Julie Byles, Jianghong Liu, Manny Noakes
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Almost one in ten Chinese adults has chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, the link between dietary patterns, dietary cadmium intake and CKD has not been studied in China. METHOD: Adults (n = 8429) in the China Health and Nutrition Survey who had at least one 3-day 24 h food record in combination with household food inventory in 1991, 1993, 1997, 2000, 2004, 2006, and 2009 and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) measured in 2009. Dietary pattern was identified using factor analysis...
January 7, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093531/lifestyle-factors-and-early-clinical-outcome-in-patients-with-acute-stroke-a-population-based-study
#8
Annette Ingeman, Grethe Andersen, Reimar W Thomsen, Heidi H Hundborg, Henrik H Rasmussen, Søren P Johnsen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We examined the associations of individual and combined lifestyle factors with early adverse stroke outcomes. METHODS: A total of 82 597 patients were identified from nationwide registries. Lifestyle factors at the time of stroke admission included body mass index (kg/m(2)), smoking habits, and alcohol intake, which were grouped (healthy, moderately healthy, moderately unhealthy, and unhealthy). The associations between lifestyle and outcomes were examined using multivariable regression...
January 16, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091532/development-of-the-neuroimmune-modulator-ibudilast-for-the-treatment-of-alcoholism-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-human-laboratory-trial
#9
Lara A Ray, Spencer Bujarski, Steve Shoptaw, Daniel Jo Roche, Keith Heinzerling, Karen Miotto
Current directions in medication development for alcohol use disorder (AUD) emphasize the need to identify novel molecular targets and efficiently screen new compounds aimed at those targets. Ibudilast (IBUD) is a neuroimmune modulator that inhibits phosphodiesterases -4 and -10 and macrophage migration inhibitory factor and was recently found to reduce alcohol intake in rats by approximately 50%. To advance medications development for AUD, the present study consists of a randomized, crossover, double-blind, placebo-controlled laboratory study of IBUD in non-treatment seeking individuals with current (ie, past month) mild-to-severe AUD...
January 16, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088743/socioeconomic-differences-in-adolescent-substance-abuse-treatment-participation-and-long-term-outcomes
#10
Camillia K Lui, Stacy A Sterling, Felicia W Chi, Yun Lu, Cynthia I Campbell
Socioeconomic status (SES) has been consistently linked to poorer access, utilization and outcomes of health care services, but this relationship has been understudied in adolescent substance abuse treatment research. This study examined SES differences in adolescent's treatment participation and long-term outcomes of abstinence and 12-step attendance over five years after treatment. Data are from 358 adolescents (ages 13-18) who were recruited at intake to substance abuse treatment between 2000 and 2002 at four Kaiser Permanente Northern California outpatient treatment programs...
January 6, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087205/elevated-fasting-glucose-and-albuminuria-may-be-a-marker-for-all-cause-mortality-in-indigenous-adults-in-north-queensland-a-follow-up-study-1998-2006
#11
Ming Li, Robyn McDermott
AIMS: To document risk factors of all-cause mortality in a cohort of indigenous Australians from 23 communities of North Queensland during 1998-2006. METHODS: Among 2787 indigenous adults, baseline weight, waist circumference, blood pressure, fasting glucose, lipids, gamma-glutamyl transferase, urine albumin creatinine ratio, smoking, alcohol intake and physical activity were measured in 1998-2000. Deaths were ascertained from State Registry of Deaths, hospitalization and clinical records till 2006...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086850/the-prevalence-trend-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-and-risk-factors-in-korean-adults-results-from-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2013
#12
Binh Thang Tran, Bo Yoon Jeong, Jin-Kyoung Oh
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities in the clinical markers of metabolic syndrome (MS) are associated with the development of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and some cancers. MS prevalence in Korea increased between the mid-1990s and mid-2000s; however, no data on the recent trends of MS prevalence are available. Thus, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of MS, the five components of MS, and the related risk factors in Korean adults by using recent data. METHODS: Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted between 2008 and 2013 were used...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078657/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-dietary-intake-physical-activity-and-body-mass-index-bmi-among-cancer-survivors-2005-and-2010-national-health-interview-surveys-nhis
#13
Doratha A Byrd, Tanya Agurs-Collins, David Berrigan, Richard Lee, Frances E Thompson
INTRODUCTION: This paper reports racial/ethnic differences in mean dietary and alcohol intake, physical activity, and body mass index (BMI) among cancer survivors and examines adherence to the American Cancer Society and the US Dietary Guidelines for Americans. METHODS: Data are from the cross-sectional 2005 and 2010 National Health Interview Surveys (NHIS). The total sample of cancer survivors (N = 3367) included non-Hispanic Whites (NHW; N = 2698), non-Hispanic Blacks (NHBs; N = 379), and Hispanics (N = 290)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077863/what-have-human-experimental-overfeeding-studies-taught-us-about-adipose-tissue-expansion-and-susceptibility-to-obesity-and-metabolic-complications
#14
REVIEW
D J Cuthbertson, T Steele, J P Wilding, J C G Halford, J A Harrold, M Hamer, F Karpe
Overfeeding experiments, in which we impose short-term positive energy balance, help unravel the cellular, physiological and behavioural adaptations to nutrient excess. These studies mimic longer-term mismatched energy expenditure and intake. There is considerable inter-individual heterogeneity in the magnitude of weight gain when exposed to similar relative caloric excess reflecting variable activation of compensatory adaptive mechanisms. Significantly, given similar relative weight gain, individuals may be protected from/predisposed to metabolic complications (insulin resistance, dyslipidaemia, hypertension), non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and cardiovascular disease...
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077376/dietary-intake-and-peripheral-arterial-disease-incidence-in-middle-aged-adults-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-aric-study
#15
Rachel P Ogilvie, Pamela L Lutsey, Gerardo Heiss, Aaron R Folsom, Lyn M Steffen
BACKGROUND: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a costly source of morbidity and mortality among older persons in the United States. Dietary intake plays a role in the development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease; however, few studies have examined the relation of food intake or dietary patterns with PAD. OBJECTIVE: We examined the relation between habitual dietary intake at midlife and incident PAD over ∼20 y of follow-up. DESIGN: Among 14,082 participants enrolled in the ARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities) Study initially free of PAD, dietary intake was assessed at baseline in 1987-1989 by using a modified Harvard food-frequency questionnaire...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077307/impulsivity-and-test-meal-intake-among-women-with-bulimia-nervosa
#16
Robyn Sysko, Rachel Ojserkis, Janet Schebendach, Suzette M Evans, Tom Hildebrandt, B Timothy Walsh
Many patients with bulimia nervosa (BN) also meet criteria for a lifetime alcohol use disorder (AUD). In order to understand possible mechanisms contributing to the co-occurrence and perpetuation of these disorders, this study investigated the importance of impulsivity and test meal intake among patients with BN by comparing women with BN only (n = 18), BN and current/past AUDs (n = 13), and healthy controls (n = 12). All participants completed assessments of eating disorder symptoms, frequency of alcohol use, binge eating, and purging via questionnaires and semi-structured interviews over two sessions...
January 7, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076632/-emma-study-a-brazilian-community-based-cohort-study-of-stroke-mortality-and-morbidity
#17
Alessandra Carvalho Goulart
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Stroke has a high burden of disability and mortality. The aim here was to evaluate epidemiology, risk factors and prognosis for stroke in the EMMA Study (Study of Stroke Mortality and Morbidity). DESIGN AND SETTINGS: Prospective community-based cohort carried out in Hospital Universitário, University of São Paulo, 2006-2014. METHODS: Stroke data based on fatal and non-fatal events were assessed, including sociodemographic data, mortality and predictors, which were evaluated by means of logistic regression and survival analyses...
November 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075394/coffee-intake-is-associated-with-a-lower-liver-stiffness-in-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-hepatitis-c-and-hepatitis-b
#18
Alexander Hodge, Sarah Lim, Evan Goh, Ophelia Wong, Philip Marsh, Virginia Knight, William Sievert, Barbora de Courten
There is emerging evidence for the positive effects or benefits of coffee in patients with liver disease. We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study on patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection to determine the effects of coffee intake on a non-invasive marker of liver fibrosis: liver stiffness assessed by transient elastography (TE). We assessed coffee and tea intake and measured TE in 1018 patients with NAFLD, HCV, and HBV (155 with NAFLD, 378 with HCV and 485 with HBV)...
January 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074892/are-sleep-duration-midpoint-of-sleep-and-sleep-quality-associated-with-dietary-intake-among-bavarian-adults
#19
C Kleiser, N Wawro, M Stelmach-Mardas, H Boeing, K Gedrich, H Himmerich, J Linseisen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Only few epidemiologic studies examined sleep characteristics in relation to dietary behaviour. Our aim was to analyse associations of sleep duration, midpoint of sleep and sleep quality with dietary intake among the Bavarian population. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Within the cross-sectional Bavarian Food Consumption Survey II, 1050 subjects aged 13-81 years were recruited. Dietary intake was assessed with three 24-h dietary recalls by telephone (EPIC-Soft)...
January 11, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072926/relationship-between-marital-transitions-health-behaviors-and-health-indicators-of-postmenopausal-women-results-from-the-women-s-health-initiative
#20
Randa M Kutob, Nicole P Yuan, Betsy C Wertheim, David A Sbarra, Eric B Loucks, Rami Nassir, Gihan Bareh, Mimi M Kim, Linda G Snetselaar, Cynthia A Thomson
BACKGROUND: Historically, marital status has been associated with lower mortality and transitions into marriage were generally accompanied by improved health status. Conversely, divorce has been associated with increased mortality, possibly mediated by changes in health behaviors. METHODS: This study uses data from a prospective cohort of 79,094 postmenopausal women participating in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study (WHI-OS) to examine the relationship between marital transition and health indicators (blood pressure, waist circumference, body mass index [BMI]) as well as health behaviors (diet pattern, alcohol use, physical activity, and smoking) in a sample of relatively healthy and employed women...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
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