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AAP Policy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659373/association-of-academic-physiatrists-federal-funding-of-disability-and-rehabilitation-research-position-statement
#1
John Whyte
The Association of Academic Physiatrists (AAP) seeks to advocate for policies that are supportive of academic rehabilitation, with elected officials, agency leaders, and other policy makers. Accordingly, the AAP's Public Policy Committee identifies policy issues of importance to the organizational mission, conducts background research on those issues, and develops position statements that articulate the organization's position. These position statements require approval by the Board of Trustees and are used to support advocacy efforts by AAP members...
April 13, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476308/implementing-a-statewide-safe-to-sleep-hospital-initiative-lessons-learned
#2
Terri J Miller, Trina C Salm Ward, Marcie M McClellan, Lisa Dawson, Kate Ford, Lauren Polatty, Rebecca L Walcott, Phaedra S Corso
Sleep-related infant deaths continue to be a major, largely preventable cause of infant mortality, especially in Georgia. The Georgia Department of Public Health (DPH), as part of a multi-pronged safe infant sleep campaign, implemented a hospital initiative to (1) provide accurate safe infant sleep information to hospital personnel; (2) support hospitals in implementing and modeling safe sleep practices; and (3) provide guidance on addressing caregiver safe sleep concerns. A process evaluation was conducted to determine progress toward four goals set out by DPH: (1) all birthing hospitals have a safe infant sleep policy; (2) all safe infant sleep policies reference the AAP 2011 recommendations; (3) all safe infant sleep policies specify the type and/or content of patient safe sleep education; and (4) all hospitals require regular staff training on safe sleep recommendations...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409943/pediatricians-knowledge-and-practices-related-to-long-acting-reversible-contraceptives-for-adolescent-girls
#3
Risa L Fridy, Sofya Maslyanskaya, Sylvia Lim, Susan M Coupey
STUDY OBJECTIVE: A 2014 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) policy statement identified long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) as first-line choices for adolescents, but pediatricians' current knowledge and practices about intrauterine devices (IUDs) and subdermal contraceptive implants (Implants) is unknown. We aimed to characterize pediatricians' knowledge and practices about LARCs for adolescents. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Cross-sectional online survey emailed to a convenience sample of AAP member pediatricians in New York, Utah, Illinois, and Kansas in 2015 and 2016...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358481/pediatricians-and-public-health-optimizing-the-health-and-well-being-of-the-nation-s-children
#4
Alice A Kuo, Pauline A Thomas, Lance A Chilton, Laurene Mascola
Ensuring optimal health for children requires a population-based approach and collaboration between pediatrics and public health. The prevention of major threats to children's health (such as behavioral health issues) and the control and management of chronic diseases, obesity, injury, communicable diseases, and other problems cannot be managed solely in the pediatric office. The integration of clinical practice with public health actions is necessary for multiple levels of disease prevention that involve the child, family, and community...
February 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351636/effectiveness-of-respiratory-syncytial-virus-immunoprophylaxis-on-bronchiolitis-hospitalizations-among-high-risk-infants
#5
Pingsheng Wu, Gabriel J Escobar, Tebeb Gebretsadik, Kecia N Carroll, Sherian X Li, Eileen M Walsh, Edward F Mitchel, Chantel Sloan, William D Dupont, Chang Yu, Jeffrey R Horner, Tina V Hartert
We sought to determine the real-world effectiveness of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) immunoprophylaxis in a population-based cohort to inform policy. The study population included infants born 1996-2008 and enrolled in Kaiser Permanente Northern California. During the RSV season (November-March), RSV immunoprophylaxis administration and the following 30 days were defined as RSV immunoprophylaxis protected period(s), and all other days as unprotected period(s). Bronchiolitis hospitalizations were determined using the International Classification of Diseases Ninth Revision codes during RSV season...
January 17, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209032/comparison-of-state-risk-appropriate-neonatal-care-policies-with-the-2012-aap-policy-statement
#6
Charlan D Kroelinger, Ekwutosi M Okoroh, David A Goodman, Sarah M Lasswell, Wanda D Barfield
OBJECTIVE: Compare state policies with standards outlined in the 2012 AAP Policy Statement on Levels of Neonatal Care. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic, web-based review of publicly available policies on levels of care in all states in 2014. Infant risk information, equipment capabilities, and specialty staffing were abstracted from published rules, statutes, and regulations. RESULT: Twenty-two states had a policy on regionalized perinatal care. State policies vary in consistency with the AAP Policy, with 60% of states including standards consistent with Level I criteria, 48% Level II, 14% Level III, and one state with Level IV...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113971/correction-to-2017-acc-aap-aha-health-policy-statement-on-opportunities-and-challenges-in-pediatric-drug-development-learning-from-sildenafil
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924062/national-trends-in-pediatricians-practices-and-attitudes-about-breastfeeding-1995-to-2014
#8
Lori Feldman-Winter, Kinga Szucs, Aubri Milano, Elizabeth Gottschlich, Blake Sisk, Richard J Schanler
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has affirmed breastfeeding as the preferred method of infant feeding; however, there has been little systematic examination of how pediatricians' recommendations, affiliated hospitals' policies, counseling practices, and attitudes toward breastfeeding have shifted over the past 2 decades. These trends were examined from 1995 to 2014. METHODS: Data are from the Periodic Survey (PS) of Fellows, a nationally representative survey of AAP members...
October 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691236/response-to-vogelstein-how-the-2012-aap-task-force-on-circumcision-went-wrong
#9
Robert S Van Howe
Vogelstein cautions medical organizations against jumping into the fray of controversial issues, yet proffers the 2012 American Academy of Pediatrics' Task Force policy position on infant male circumcision as 'an appropriate use of position-statements.' Only a scratch below the surface of this policy statement uncovers the Task Force's failure to consider Vogelstein's many caveats. The Task Force supported the cultural practice by putting undeserved emphasis on questionable scientific data, while ignoring or underplaying the importance of valid contrary scientific data...
January 2018: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671367/use-of-media-by-school-aged-children-and-adolescents-a-policy-statement-from-the-aap
#10
Lisa Hauk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669447/2017-acc-aap-aha-health-policy-statement-on-opportunities-and-challenges-in-pediatric-drug-development-learning-from-sildenafil
#11
Craig A Sable, D Dunbar Ivy, Robert H Beekman, Helene D Clayton-Jeter, Kathy J Jenkins, William T Mahle, William R Morrow, Mary Dianne Murphy, Robert M Nelson, Geoffrey L Rosenthal, Norman Stockbridge, David L Wessel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663437/2017-acc-aap-aha-health-policy-statement-on-opportunities-and-challenges-in-pediatric-drug-development-learning-from-sildenafil
#12
REVIEW
Craig A Sable, D Dunbar Ivy, Robert H Beekman, Helene D Clayton-Jeter, Kathy J Jenkins, William T Mahle, William R Morrow, Mary Dianne Murphy, Robert M Nelson, Geoffrey L Rosenthal, Norman Stockbridge, David L Wessel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428097/care-coordination-and-comprehensive-electronic-health-records-are-associated-with-increased-transition-planning-activities
#13
Niraj Sharma, Kitty O'Hare, Karen G O'Connor, Umbereen Nehal, Megumi J Okumura
OBJECTIVE: Youth with special health care needs (YSHCN) require assistance from their pediatricians to transition to adult care. There are few data on what transition resources pediatricians have. In this article we discuss whether care coordination and/or comprehensive electronic health record (CEHR) implementation are associated with improved transition processes. METHODS: Using the American Academy of Pediatrics Periodic Survey #79, we report whether practices generated written transition plans, assisted in finding adult providers, and discussed confidentiality issues...
January 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400304/parent-preferences-and-perceptions-of-milliliters-and-teaspoons-role-of-health-literacy-and-experience
#14
Alejandro Torres, Ruth M Parker, Lee M Sanders, Michael S Wolf, Stacy Cooper Bailey, Deesha A Patel, Jessica J Jimenez, Kwang-Youn A Kim, Benard P Dreyer, Alan L Mendelsohn, H Shonna Yin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A recent American Academy of Pediatrics policy statement recommends milliliter-exclusive dosing for pediatric liquid medications. Little is known about parent preferences regarding units, perceptions about moving to milliliters only, and the role of health literacy and prior milliliter-dosing experience. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of data collected as part of a randomized controlled study in 3 urban pediatric clinics (SAFE Rx for Kids study)...
January 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224100/early-infant-male-circumcision-systematic-review-risk-benefit-analysis-and-progress-in-policy
#15
Brian J Morris, Sean E Kennedy, Alex D Wodak, Adrian Mindel, David Golovsky, Leslie Schrieber, Eugenie R Lumbers, David J Handelsman, John B Ziegler
AIM: To determine whether recent evidence-based United States policies on male circumcision (MC) apply to comparable Anglophone countries, Australia and New Zealand. METHODS: Articles in 2005 through 2015 were retrieved from PubMed using the keyword "circumcision" together with 36 relevant subtopics. A further PubMed search was performed for articles published in 2016. Searches of the EMBASE and Cochrane databases did not yield additional citable articles. Articles were assessed for quality and those rated 2+ and above according to the Scottish Intercollegiate Grading System were studied further...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219966/the-child-witness-in-the-courtroom
#16
Robert H Pantell
Beginning in the 1980s, children have increasingly served as witnesses in the criminal, civil, and family courts; currently, >100‚ÄČ000 children appear in court each year. This statement updates the 1992 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) policy statement "The Child as a Witness" and the subsequent 1999 "The Child in Court: A Subject Review." It also builds on existing AAP policy on adverse life events affecting children and resources developed to understand and address childhood trauma. The purpose of this policy statement is to provide background information on some of the legal issues involving children testifying in court, including the accuracy and psychological impact of child testimony; to provide suggestions for how pediatricians can support patients who will testify in court; and to make recommendations for policy improvements to minimize the adverse psychological consequences for child witnesses...
March 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142152/improving-safe-and-effective-use-of-drugs-in-pregnancy-and-lactation-workshop-summary
#17
Laura E Riley, Alison G Cahill, Richard Beigi, Renate Savich, George Saade
In February 2015, given high rates of use of medications by pregnant women and the relative lack of data on safety and efficacy of many drugs utilized in pregnancy, the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM), the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) convened a group of experts to review the "current" state of the clinical care and science regarding medication use during the perinatal period...
July 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089294/the-american-academy-of-pediatrics-workforce-survey-for-the-section-on-urology-2015
#18
E Shapiro, Christopher S Cooper, S Greenfield
INTRODUCTION: In 2013, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Division of Workforce and Medical Education Policy assumed the task of organizing the updated AAP Workforce Survey, which was modeled after the Future of Pediatric Education II study. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to evaluate changes in practice patterns of all pediatric medical and surgical specialists over time, to facilitate advocacy work by the Academy at federal and state levels...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898422/national-evidence-in-israel-supporting-reevaluation-of-respiratory-syncytial-virus-prophylactic-guidelines
#19
Itai Gross, Yael Siedner-Weintraub, Wiessam Abu Ahmad, Benjamin Bar-Oz, Smadar Eventov-Friedman
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recently narrowed the indications for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) prophylaxis, while in Israel the guidelines have not changed. OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence and severity of RSV infection among preterm infants born earlier than 340/7 weeks of gestation (PI), late preterm infants born at 340/7-366/7 weeks (LPTI), and term infants born after 370/7 weeks of gestation (TI) and to determine whether the results support a change in local policy...
2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805923/immunization-status-of-nicu-graduates-at-a-tertiary-care-children-s-hospital
#20
Janelle L B Macintosh, Leslie J Huggins, Lacey M Eden, Katreena Collette Merrill, Karlen E Beth Luthy
BACKGROUND: Approximately 500,000 infants are born prematurely each year in the United States. Immunization of infants in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) set a precedence for future immunizations. PURPOSES: The objectives of this study were to determine the current rates of immunization and identify variables associated with immunizations of NICU graduates who were aged 60 days or older at time of discharge. METHODS: This descriptive pilot study utilized retrospective paper medical record review in one tertiary children's hospital...
April 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
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