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AAP Policy

Niraj Sharma, Kitty O'Hare, Karen G O'Connor, Umbereen Nehal, Megumi J Okumura
OBJECTIVE: Youth with Special Health Care Needs (YSHCN) require assistance from their pediatricians to transition to adult care. There is little data on what transition resources pediatricians have. This paper studies if care coordination and/or comprehensive electronic health record (CEHR) implementation are associated with improved transition processes. METHODS: Using AAP Periodic Survey #79, we report whether practices generated written transition plans, assisted in finding adult providers, and discussed confidentiality issues...
April 18, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
Alejandro Torres, Ruth M Parker, Lee M Sanders, Michael S Wolf, Stacy Bailey, Deesha A Patel, Jessica J Jimenez, Kwang-Youn A Kim, Benard P Dreyer, Alan Mendelsohn, H Shonna Yin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A recent AAP policy statement recommends mL-exclusive dosing for pediatric liquid medications. Little is known about parent preferences regarding units, perceptions about moving to mL-only, and the role of health literacy and prior mL-dosing experience. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of data collected as part of a randomized controlled study in 3 urban pediatric clinics (SAFE-Rx for Kids study). English/Spanish-speaking parents (n=493) of children <8 years were randomized to 1 of 4 study arms and given labels/dosing tools which varied in label instruction format (text+pictogram, text-only) and units (mL-only, mL/tsp)...
April 8, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
Brian J Morris, Sean E Kennedy, Alex D Wodak, Adrian Mindel, David Golovsky, Leslie Schrieber, Eugenie R Lumbers, David J Handelsman, John B Ziegler
AIM: To determine whether recent evidence-based United States policies on male circumcision (MC) apply to comparable Anglophone countries, Australia and New Zealand. METHODS: Articles in 2005 through 2015 were retrieved from PubMed using the keyword "circumcision" together with 36 relevant subtopics. A further PubMed search was performed for articles published in 2016. Searches of the EMBASE and Cochrane databases did not yield additional citable articles. Articles were assessed for quality and those rated 2+ and above according to the Scottish Intercollegiate Grading System were studied further...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
Robert H Pantell
Beginning in the 1980s, children have increasingly served as witnesses in the criminal, civil, and family courts; currently, >100‚ÄČ000 children appear in court each year. This statement updates the 1992 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) policy statement "The Child as a Witness" and the subsequent 1999 "The Child in Court: A Subject Review." It also builds on existing AAP policy on adverse life events affecting children and resources developed to understand and address childhood trauma. The purpose of this policy statement is to provide background information on some of the legal issues involving children testifying in court, including the accuracy and psychological impact of child testimony; to provide suggestions for how pediatricians can support patients who will testify in court; and to make recommendations for policy improvements to minimize the adverse psychological consequences for child witnesses...
February 20, 2017: Pediatrics
Laura E Riley, Alison G Cahill, Richard Beigi, Renate Savich, George Saade
In February 2015, given high rates of use of medications by pregnant women and the relative lack of data on safety and efficacy of many drugs utilized in pregnancy, the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM), the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) convened a group of experts to review the "current" state of the clinical care and science regarding medication use during the perinatal period...
January 31, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
E Shapiro, Christopher S Cooper, S Greenfield
INTRODUCTION: In 2013, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Division of Workforce and Medical Education Policy assumed the task of organizing the updated AAP Workforce Survey, which was modeled after the Future of Pediatric Education II study. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to evaluate changes in practice patterns of all pediatric medical and surgical specialists over time, to facilitate advocacy work by the Academy at federal and state levels...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Itai Gross, Yael Siedner-Weintraub, Wiessam Abu Ahmad, Benjamin Bar-Oz, Smadar Eventov-Friedman
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recently narrowed the indications for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) prophylaxis, while in Israel the guidelines have not changed. OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence and severity of RSV infection among preterm infants born earlier than 340/7 weeks of gestation (PI), late preterm infants born at 340/7-366/7 weeks (LPTI), and term infants born after 370/7 weeks of gestation (TI) and to determine whether the results support a change in local policy...
2017: Neonatology
Janelle L B Macintosh, Leslie J Huggins, Lacey M Eden, Katreena Collette Merrill, Karlen E Beth Luthy
BACKGROUND: Approximately 500,000 infants are born prematurely each year in the United States. Immunization of infants in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) set a precedence for future immunizations. PURPOSES: The objectives of this study were to determine the current rates of immunization and identify variables associated with immunizations of NICU graduates who were aged 60 days or older at time of discharge. METHODS: This descriptive pilot study utilized retrospective paper medical record review in one tertiary children's hospital...
April 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
Krithika Rajagopalan, Marjam Hassan, Kimberly Boswell, Evelyn Sarnes, Kellie Meyer, Fred Grossman
OBJECTIVES: Cost containment policies, such as prior authorization (PA), have increasingly been used by formulary decision makers to manage drug spending of the atypical antipsychotic (AAP) drug class. However, these drug cost containment policies may result in cost shifting rather than cost savings. Given the interest in coordination of care, the objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of restricted access to AAPs on healthcare costs and health outcomes in individuals with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder...
2016: American Journal of Managed Care
Michael T Brady
Newborn male circumcision is a minor surgical procedure that has generated significant controversy. Accumulating evidence supports significant health benefits, most notably reductions in urinary tract infections, acquisition of HIV and a number of other sexually transmitted infections, penile cancer, phimosis, paraphimosis, balanitis and lichen sclerosis. While circumcision, like any surgical procedure, has risks for complications, they occur in less than 1 in 500 infants circumcised and most are minor and require minimal intervention...
June 2016: Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics: a Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
Margaux Barnes, Krista Davis, Mackenzie Mancini, Jasmine Ruffin, Tina Simpson, Krista Casazza
BACKGROUND: A unique biological shift in sleep cycles occurs during adolescence causing later sleep and wake times. This shift is not matched by a concurrent modification in school start times, resulting in sleep curtailment for a large majority of adolescents. Chronic inadequate sleep is associated with poor academic performance including executive function impairments, mood, and behavioral issues, as well as adverse health outcomes such as an increased risk of obesity, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease...
July 2016: Journal of School Health
Mary C Sheehan, Juleen Lam, Ana Navas-Acien, Howard H Chang
BACKGROUND: Systematic review and meta-analysis (SRMA) are increasingly employed in environmental health (EH) epidemiology and, provided methods and reporting are sound, contribute to translating science evidence to policy. Ambient air pollution (AAP) is both among the leading environmental causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide, and of growing policy relevance due to health co-benefits associated with greenhouse gas emissions reductions. OBJECTIVES: We reviewed the published AAP SRMA literature (2009 to mid-2015), and evaluated the consistency of methods, reporting and evidence evaluation using a 22-point questionnaire developed from available best-practice consensus guidelines and emerging recommendations for EH...
July 2016: Environment International
Aimee Beaton, Catherine D Shubkin, Steven Chapman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Adolescent substance use is a major public health concern in the United States. Pediatricians are in a unique position via the medical home to address this issue. Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is a comprehensive approach that aims to prevent, identify, and reduce substance use. SBIRT has been heavily studied in adults, but research with adolescents is still ongoing. This review examines the SBIRT model and highlights recent applicable research...
April 2016: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Glenn Engelman, Chris Koutures, Aaron Provance
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric sports medicine is an evolving pediatric subspecialty. No workforce data currently exists describing the current state of pediatric sports medicine. The goal of this survey is to contribute information to the practicing pediatric sports medicine specialist, employers and other stakeholders regarding the current state of pediatric sports medicine. METHODS: The Workforce Survey was conducted by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Division of Workforce and Medical Education Policy (WMEP) and included a 44-item standard questionnaire online addressing training, clinical practice and demographic characteristics as well as the 24-item AAP Council on Sports Medicine and Fitness (COSMF) questionnaire...
2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Henry J Nuss, Laura L Hester, Mark A Perry, Collette Stewart-Briley, Valamar M Reagon, Pamela Collins
BACKGROUND: In 2010, the Louisiana Asthma Management and Prevention Program (LAMP) implemented the Asthma-Friendly Schools Initiative in high-risk Louisiana populations. The social ecological model (SEM) was used as a framework for an asthma program implemented in 70 state K-12 public schools over 2 years. METHODS: Activities included a needs assessment, identification of students with asthma, individualized asthma action plans (AAP), staff trainings, environmental quality improvement, and school system policy changes to address the asthma burden...
March 2016: Journal of School Health
G L Kuan, W Y Low
INTRODUCTION: The importance of Paediatric Palliative Care (PPC) is increasingly recognised worldwide, with the World Health Organzsation (WHO) and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) endorsing the development and wide availability of PPC. When these children are in the terminal phase of their illness, PPC should be tailored to the different needs and desires of the child and the family, with the goal of providing the best possible quality of life (QOL) for the days that remain. METHOD: Malaysia has yet to develop a national PPC policy...
October 2015: Medical Journal of Malaysia
Anne G Wheaton, Gabrielle A Ferro, Janet B Croft
Adolescents who do not get enough sleep are more likely to be overweight; not engage in daily physical activity; suffer from depressive symptoms; engage in unhealthy risk behaviors such as drinking, smoking tobacco, and using illicit drugs; and perform poorly in school. However, insufficient sleep is common among high school students, with less than one third of U.S. high school students sleeping at least 8 hours on school nights. In a policy statement published in 2014, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) urged middle and high schools to modify start times as a means to enable students to get adequate sleep and improve their health, safety, academic performance, and quality of life...
August 7, 2015: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Lisa Hauk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2015: American Family Physician
Avika Dixit, Lori Feldman-Winter, Kinga A Szucs
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) states that each residency program should have a clearly delineated, written policy for parental leave. Parental leave has important implications for trainees' ability to achieve their breastfeeding goals. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to measure the knowledge and awareness among members of the AAP Section on Medical Students, Residents, and Fellowship Trainees (SOMSRFT) regarding parental leave. METHODS: An online survey was emailed to SOMSRFT members in June 2013...
August 2015: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
Sarah Gutin Barsman, Donna A Dowling, Elizabeth G Damato, Pamela Czeck
BACKGROUND: Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) remains the third leading cause of infant death in the United States and the leading cause of death beyond 1 month of age. In 2011, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) released the newest SIDS risk-reduction recommendations, which address healthcare providers in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Little is known about neonatal nurses' SIDS prevention strategies since the release of these newest recommendations. PURPOSE: To assess neonatal nurses' beliefs, knowledge, and practices regarding SIDS prevention in both the NICU and step-down transitional care unit (TCU)...
June 2015: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
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