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Derell Hardman, Daniel McFalls, Stylianos Fakas
Phosphatidic acid phosphatase (PAP) catalyzes the committed step of triacylglycerol (TAG) biosynthesis and thus regulates the amounts of TAG produced by the cell. TAG is the target of biotechnological processes developed for the production of food lipids or biofuels. These processes are using oleaginous microorganisms like the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica as the TAG producers. Thus manipulating key enzymatic activities like PAP in Y. lipolytica could drive lipid biosynthesis towards TAG production and increase TAG yields...
October 15, 2016: Yeast
Jennifer Popko, Cornelia Herrfurth, Kirstin Feussner, Till Ischebeck, Tim Iven, Richard Haslam, Mary Hamilton, Olga Sayanova, Jonathan Napier, Inna Khozin-Goldberg, Ivo Feussner
Oleaginous microalgae are considered as a promising resource for the production of biofuels. Especially diatoms arouse interest as biofuel producers since they are most productive in carbon fixation and very flexible to environmental changes in the nature. Naturally, triacylglycerol (TAG) accumulation in algae only occurs under stress conditions like nitrogen-limitation. We focused on Phaeodactylum strain Pt4 (UTEX 646), because of its ability to grow in medium with low salinity and therefore being suited when saline water is less available or for wastewater cultivation strategies...
2016: PloS One
Jia Liu, Ming Yuan, Jia-Nan Liu, Li-Jun Lu, Kai-Ming Peng, Xiang-Feng Huang
Four mixed volatile fatty acids (VFAs) were used as sole carbon source to culture oleaginous yeast Cryptococcus curvatus by sequencing batch culture strategy. The highest lipid content (42.7%) and concentration (1.77g/L) were achieved when the ratio of VFAs (acetic, propionic, and butyric acids) was 6:3:1. The oleaginous yeast favored to use VFAs for lipid biosynthesis rather than cell proliferation. With regard to the utilization ratio of VFAs, acetic acid reached over 99%, whereas propionic acid was barely 35%...
October 3, 2016: Bioresource Technology
Fatemeh Vafi, Roodabeh Bahramsoltani, Mohammad Abdollahi, Azadeh Manayi, Amir Hossein Abdolghaffari, Nasrin Samadi, Gholamreza Amin, Gholamreza Hassanzadeh, Hossein Jamalifar, Maryam Baeeri, Mohammad Heidari, Mahnaz Khanavi
OBJECTIVE: Burns are complicated traumatic injuries caused by several physical or chemical factors. Plants with a wide range of secondary metabolites, with valuable properties like antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities, can be a promising source of wound healing agents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Effects of hydromethanolic extracts of Lythrum salicaria and Hypericum scabrum, individually and in combination, were assessed in second-degree burn wounds in rats in comparison to a white oleaginous base (negative control) and silver sulfadiazine (positive control)...
September 29, 2016: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
Shuyan Zhang, Masakazu Ito, Jeffrey M Skerker, Adam P Arkin, Christopher V Rao
Natural lipids can be used to make biodiesel and many other value-added compounds. In this work, we explored a number of different metabolic engineering strategies for increasing lipid production in the oleaginous yeast Rhodosporidium toruloides IFO0880. These included increasing the expression of enzymes involved in different aspects of lipid biosynthesis-malic enzyme (ME), pyruvate carboxylase (PYC1), glycerol-3-P dehydrogenase (GPD), and stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD)-and deleting the gene PEX10, required for peroxisome biogenesis...
November 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Lin Li, Guoqiang Zhang, Qinhong Wang
BACKGROUND: Microalgae, which can absorb carbon dioxide and then transform it into lipid, are promising candidates to produce renewable energy, especially biodiesel. The paucity of genomic information, however, limits the development of genome-based genetic modification to improve lipid production in many microalgae. Here, we describe the de novo sequencing, transcriptome assembly, annotation and differential expression analysis for Chlorella sorokiniana cultivated in different conditions to reveal the change of genes expression associated with lipid accumulation and photosynthetic carbon fixation...
September 26, 2016: BMC Microbiology
Adriana Ferreira Souza, Dayana M Rodriguez, Daylin R Ribeaux, Marcos A C Luna, Thayse A Lima E Silva, Rosileide F Silva Andrade, Norma B Gusmão, Galba M Campos-Takaki
Almost all oleaginous microorganisms are available for biodiesel production, and for the mechanism of oil accumulation, which is what makes a microbial approach economically competitive. This study investigated the potential that the yeast Candida lipolytica UCP0988, in an anamorphous state, has to produce simultaneously a bioemulsifier and to accumulate lipids using inexpensive and alternative substrates. Cultivation was carried out using waste soybean oil and corn steep liquor in accordance with 2² experimental designs with 1% inoculums (10⁷ cells/mL)...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Tomas Cajka, Luis A Garay, Irnayuli R Sitepu, Kyria L Boundy-Mills, Oliver Fiehn
A multiplatform mass spectrometry-based approach was used for elucidating extracellular lipids with biosurfactant properties produced by the oleaginous yeast Rhodotorula babjevae UCDFST 04-877. This strain secreted 8.6 ± 0.1 g/L extracellular lipids when grown in a benchtop bioreactor fed with 100 g/L glucose in medium without addition of hydrophobic substrate, such as oleic acid. Untargeted reversed-phase liquid chromatography-quadrupole/time-of-flight mass spectrometry (QTOFMS) detected native glycolipid molecules with masses of 574-716 Da...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Natural Products
Qi Shen, Yue Chen, Danfeng Jin, Hui Lin, Qun Wang, Yu-Hua Zhao
In this work, Trichosporon fermentans CICC 1368, which has been shown to accumulate cellular lipids efficiently using industry-agricultural wastes, was subjected to preliminary genome analysis, yielding a genome size of 31.3 million bases and 12,702 predicted protein-coding genes. Our analysis also showed a high degree of gene duplications and unique genes compared with those observed in other oleaginous yeasts, with 3-4-fold more genes related to fatty acid elongation and degradation compared with those in Rhodosporidium toruloides NP11 and Yarrowia lipolytica CLIB122...
November 2016: Microbiological Research
Abu Yousuf, Maksudur Rahman Khan, M Amirul Islam, Zularisam Ab Wahid, Domenico Pirozzi
Microbial oils are considered as alternative to vegetable oils or animal fats as biodiesel feedstock. Microalgae and oleaginous yeast are the main candidates of microbial oil producers' community. However, biodiesel synthesis from these sources is associated with high cost and process complexity. The traditional transesterification method includes several steps such as biomass drying, cell disruption, oil extraction and solvent recovery. Therefore, direct transesterification or in situ transesterification, which combines all the steps in a single reactor, has been suggested to make the process cost effective...
September 22, 2016: Biotechnology Letters
Tamene Milkessa Jiru, Dawit Abate, Nicholas Kiggundu, Carolina Pohl, Marizeth Groenewald
Oleaginous microorganisms can produce high amounts of oil (>20 % of their biomass) under suitable cultivation conditions. In this research work 200 samples were collected from soil, plant surfaces (leaves, flowers and fruits), waste oils from traditional oil milling houses and dairy products (cheese, milk and yoghurt) in Ethiopia. Three hundred and forty yeast colonies were isolated from these samples. By applying Sudan III staining tests, 18 strains were selected as possible oleaginous yeasts. The 18 strains were identified and characterized for their lipid production as a feedstock for biodiesel production in the future...
December 2016: AMB Express
Christophe Magnan, James Yu, Ivan Chang, Ethan Jahn, Yuzo Kanomata, Jenny Wu, Michael Zeller, Melanie Oakes, Pierre Baldi, Suzanne Sandmeyer
Yarrowia lipolytica, an oleaginous yeast, is capable of accumulating significant cellular mass in lipid making it an important source of biosustainable hydrocarbon-based chemicals. In spite of a similar number of protein-coding genes to that in other Hemiascomycetes, the Y. lipolytica genome is almost double that of model yeasts. Despite its economic importance and several distinct strains in common use, an independent genome assembly exists for only one strain. We report here a de novo annotated assembly of the chromosomal genome of an industrially-relevant strain, W29/CLIB89, determined by hybrid next-generation sequencing...
2016: PloS One
Aleksandra M Mirończuk, Dorota A Rzechonek, Anna Biegalska, Magdalena Rakicka, Adam Dobrowolski
BACKGROUND: Increasing interest of non-conventional yeasts has been observed for many years due to their biochemical characteristics and potential applications. Well-studied, oleaginous yeast Y. lipolytica is an attractive host for converting a low-cost glycerol, into value-added products such as erythritol (sweetener) or citric acid. Glycerol is an important renewable feedstock and is the main co-product of biodiesel production, which is nowadays applied on a large commercial scale. To this end, we engineered the yeast Y...
2016: Biotechnology for Biofuels
Jia-Wen Chen, Wan-Jun Liu, Dong-Xiong Hu, Xiang Wang, Srinivasan Balamurugan, Adili Alimujiang, Wei-Dong Yang, Jie-Sheng Liu, Hong-Ye Li
Oleaginous microalgae hold great promises for biofuel production. However, commercialization of microalgal biofuels remains impracticable due to lack of suitable industrial strain with high growth rate and lipid productivity. Engineering of metabolic pathways is a potential strategy for the improvement of microalgal strains for the production of lipids and also value-added products in microalgae. Malonyl CoA-acyl carrier protein transacylase (MCAT) has been reported to be involved in fatty acid biosynthesis...
August 30, 2016: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
F Aloui, B Maazoun, Y Gargouri, N Miled
Oil bleeding during storage oleaginous seeds based confectionery products is a major problem affecting acceptance by consumers. Halva is a popular sweet food prepared from a sesame paste and a sugar mixture. The objective of this work was to improve the oil retention in this product by incorporating commercial fibers and emulsifiers: soya lecithin and monoglycerides (MG1 or MG2) during manufacturing. Oil retention yield was optimized on small batches, by response surface methodology using a central composite design applied with two factors, emulsifier concentration (0...
March 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Marta Z Pacia, Jan Pukalski, Katarzyna Turnau, Malgorzata Baranska, Agnieszka Kaczor
Various species of yeasts are gaining attention as producers of nutraceuticals and biofuels and due to their capacity to biodegrade chemical waste. Rhodotorula mucilaginosa is one of the most oleaginous species of yeast, an efficient de novo carotenoid producer and was reported to be capable of decomposing of organic pesticides. In this work we studied the influence of a toxic pesticide, diazinone, on production of storage (lipids) and protective (carotenoids, hemoproteins) compounds by Rh. mucilaginosa alive cells with the help of Raman imaging...
December 2016: Chemosphere
Ayumi Tanimura, Masako Takashima, Takashi Sugita, Rikiya Endoh, Moriya Ohkuma, Shigenobu Kishino, Jun Ogawa, Jun Shima
Co-fermentation of glucose, xylose and L-arabinose from lignocellulosic biomass by an oleaginous yeast is anticipated as a method for biodiesel production. However, most yeasts ferment glucose first before consuming pentoses, due to glucose repression. This preferential utilization results in delayed fermentation time and lower productivity. Therefore, co-fermentation of lignocellulosic sugars could achieve cost-effective conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to microbial lipid. Comprehensive screening of oleaginous yeasts capable of simultaneously utilizing glucose, xylose, and L-arabinose was performed by measuring the concentration of sugars remaining in the medium and of lipids accumulated in the cells...
December 2016: AMB Express
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Xiaochao Xiong, Jieni Lian, Xiaochen Yu, Manuel Garcia-Perez, Shulin Chen
Oleaginous strains of Rhodococcus including R. jostii RHA1 have attracted considerable attention due to their ability to accumulate triacylglycerols (TAGs), robust growth properties and genetic tractability. In this study, a novel metabolic pathway was introduced into R. jostii by heterogenous expression of the well-characterized gene, lgk encoding levoglucosan kinase from Lipomyces starkeyi YZ-215. This enables the recombinant R. jostii RHA1 to produce TAGs from the anhydrous sugar, levoglucosan, which can be generated efficiently as the major molecule from the pyrolysis of cellulose...
November 2016: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
Alexandre Back, Tristan Rossignol, François Krier, Jean-Marc Nicaud, Pascal Dhulster
BACKGROUND: Because the model yeast Yarrowia lipolytica can synthesize and store lipids in quantities up to 20 % of its dry weight, it is a promising microorganism for oil production at an industrial scale. Typically, optimization of the lipid production process is performed in the laboratory and later scaled up for industrial production. However, the scale-up process can be complicated by genetic modifications that are optimized for one set of growing conditions can confer a less-than-optimal phenotype in a different environment...
2016: Microbial Cell Factories
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