keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Amato

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930053/a-descriptive-study-of-the-prevalence-and-typology-of-alcohol-related-posts-in-an-online-social-network-for-smoking-cessation
#1
Amy M Cohn, Kang Zhao, Sarah Cha, Xi Wang, Michael S Amato, Jennifer L Pearson, George D Papandonatos, Amanda L Graham
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol use and problem drinking are associated with smoking relapse and poor smoking-cessation success. User-generated content in online social networks for smoking cessation provides an opportunity to understand the challenges and treatment needs of smokers. This study used machine-learning text classification to identify the prevalence, sentiment, and social network correlates of alcohol-related content in the social network of a large online smoking-cessation program, BecomeAnEX...
September 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899408/respiratory-support-in-patients-with-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-an-expert-opinion
#2
REVIEW
Davide Chiumello, Laurent Brochard, John J Marini, Arthur S Slutsky, Jordi Mancebo, V Marco Ranieri, B Taylor Thompson, Laurent Papazian, Marcus J Schultz, Marcelo Amato, Luciano Gattinoni, Alain Mercat, Antonio Pesenti, Daniel Talmor, Jean-Louis Vincent
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a common condition in intensive care unit patients and remains a major concern, with mortality rates of around 30-45% and considerable long-term morbidity. Respiratory support in these patients must be optimized to ensure adequate gas exchange while minimizing the risks of ventilator-induced lung injury. The aim of this expert opinion document is to review the available clinical evidence related to ventilator support and adjuvant therapies in order to provide evidence-based and experience-based clinical recommendations for the management of patients with ARDS...
September 12, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895371/performance-of-the-over-the-scope-clip-system-in-the-endoscopic-closure-of-iatrogenic-gastrointestinal-perforations-and-post-surgical-leaks-and-fistulas
#3
Giuseppe Iabichino, Leonardo H Eusebi, Maria A Palamara, Monica Arena, Rinaldo Pellicano, Pierluigi Consolo, Sharmila Fagoonee, Loretta Amato, Enrico Opocher, Matteo Barabino, Carmelo Luigiano
The increased invasiveness of endoscopic procedures and complex surgical interventions has resulted in an increased number of gastrointestinal iatrogenic defects, such as perforations, leak and fistulas. The conventional treatment for these gastrointestinal defects is surgery, with considerable risks especially in emergency situations and in patients with comorbidities. The Ovesco over-the- scope clip (OTSC) system (Ovesco Endoscopy AG, Tübingen, Germany) and more recently, the Padlock ClipTM (Aponos Medical, Kingston, NH, United States) have shown promising results in the treatment of gastrointestinal defects...
September 11, 2017: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894881/erratum-to-diet-versus-phylogeny-a-comparison-of-gut-microbiota-in-captive-colobine-monkey-species
#4
Vanessa L Hale, Chia L Tan, Kefeng Niu, Yeqin Yang, Rob Knight, Qikun Zhang, Duoying Cui, Katherine R Amato
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2017: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893203/overall-low-extended-spectrum-cephalosporin-resistance-but-high-azithromycin-resistance-in-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-in-24-european-countries-2015
#5
Michelle J Cole, Gianfranco Spiteri, Susanne Jacobsson, Neil Woodford, Francesco Tripodo, Andrew J Amato-Gauci, Magnus Unemo
BACKGROUND: Surveillance of Neisseria gonorrhoeae antimicrobial susceptibility in Europe is performed through the European Gonococcal Antimicrobial Surveillance Programme (Euro-GASP), which additionally provides data to inform the European gonorrhoea treatment guideline; currently recommending ceftriaxone 500 mg plus azithromycin 2 g as first-line therapy. We present antimicrobial susceptibility data from 24 European countries in 2015, linked to epidemiological data of patients, and compare the results to Euro-GASP data from previous years...
September 11, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891457/current-prevalence-of-chronic-hepatitis-b-and-c-virus-infection-in-the-general-population-blood-donors-and-pregnant-women-in-the-eu-eea-a-systematic-review
#6
S H I Hofstraat, A M Falla, E F Duffell, S J M Hahné, A J Amato-Gauci, I K Veldhuijzen, L Tavoschi
This systematic review aimed at estimating chronic hepatitis B (HBV) and C virus (HCV) prevalence in the European Union (EU) and Economic Area (EEA) countries in the general population, blood donors and pregnant women. We searched PubMed©, Embase© and Cochrane Library databases for reports on HBV and HCV prevalence in the general population and pregnant women in EU/EEA countries published between 2005 and 2015. Council of Europe data were used for HBV and HCV blood donor prevalence. HBV general population estimates were available for 13 countries, ranging from 0·1% to 4·4%...
September 11, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872902/maturational-trajectory-of-processing-speed-performance-in-pediatric-multiple-sclerosis
#7
Nadine Akbar, Alessio Signori, Maria Pia Amato, Maria Pia Sormani, Emilio Portaccio, Claudia Niccolai, Benedetta Goretti, Christine Till, Brenda Banwell
Processing speed is a frequently affected cognitive domain in pediatric multiple sclerosis (MS) and is commonly assessed using the Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT). The objective of this study was to determine maturational trajectories in SDMT performance and baseline factors affecting trajectories in a sample of 82 pediatric MS individuals. Performance on the SDMT increased with age in patients with pediatric MS followed by a subsequent decline. Furthermore, patients who were older at disease onset and had a higher IQ showed greater gains with age, suggesting that these factors may be protective with respect to cognitive maturation in pediatric MS...
September 5, 2017: Developmental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860745/targeting-integrins-with-rgd-conjugated-gold-nanoparticles-in-radiotherapy-decreases-the-invasive-activity-of-breast-cancer-cells
#8
Ping-Hsiu Wu, Yasuhito Onodera, Yuki Ichikawa, Erinn B Rankin, Amato J Giaccia, Yuko Watanabe, Wei Qian, Takayuki Hashimoto, Hiroki Shirato, Jin-Min Nam
Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have recently attracted attention as clinical agents for enhancing the effect of radiotherapy in various cancers. Although radiotherapy is a standard treatment for cancers, invasive recurrence and metastasis are significant clinical problems. Several studies have suggested that radiation promotes the invasion of cancer cells by activating molecular mechanisms involving integrin and fibronectin (FN). In this study, polyethylene-glycolylated AuNPs (P-AuNPs) were conjugated with Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) peptides (RGD/P-AuNPs) to target cancer cells expressing RGD-binding integrins such as α5- and αv-integrins...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856908/butyrate-modulating-effects-on-pro-inflammatory-pathways-in-human-intestinal-epithelial-cells
#9
A Elce, F Amato, F Zarrilli, A Calignano, R Troncone, G Castaldo, R B Canani
Butyrate acts as energy source for intestinal epithelial cells and as key mediator of several immune processes, modulating gene expression mainly through histone deacetylation inhibition. Thanks to these effects, butyrate has been proposed for the treatment of many intestinal diseases. Aim of this study was to investigate the effect of butyrate on the expression of a large series of target genes encoding proteins involved in pro-inflammatory pathways. We performed quantitative real-time-PCR analysis of the expression of 86 genes encoding proteins bearing to pro-inflammatory pathways, before and after butyrate exposure, in primary epithelial cells derived from human small intestine and colon...
August 31, 2017: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851984/nano-topography-enhances-communication-in-neural-cells-networks
#10
V Onesto, L Cancedda, M L Coluccio, M Nanni, M Pesce, N Malara, M Cesarelli, E Di Fabrizio, F Amato, F Gentile
Neural cells are the smallest building blocks of the central and peripheral nervous systems. Information in neural networks and cell-substrate interactions have been heretofore studied separately. Understanding whether surface nano-topography can direct nerve cells assembly into computational efficient networks may provide new tools and criteria for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. In this work, we used information theory approaches and functional multi calcium imaging (fMCI) techniques to examine how information flows in neural networks cultured on surfaces with controlled topography...
August 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836763/a-high-flow-rate-impinger-for-the-study-of-concentration-viability-metabolic-activity-and-ice-nucleation-activity-of-airborne-bacteria
#11
Tina Šantl-Temkiv, Pierre Amato, Ulrich Gosewinkel, Runar Thyrhaug, Anaïs Charton, Benjamin Chicot, Kai Finster, Gunnar Bratbak, Jakob Löndahl
The study of airborne bacteria relies on a sampling strategy that preserves their integrity and in situ physiological state, e.g. viability, cultivability, metabolic activity, and ice-nucleation activity. As ambient air harbours low concentrations of bacteria, an effective bioaerosol sampler should have a high sampling efficiency and a high airflow. We characterize a high-flow-rate impinger with respect to particle collection and retention efficiencies in the range 0.5- 3.0 µm, and we investigated its ability to preserve the physiological state of selected bacterial species and seawater bacterial community in comparison with 4 commercial bioaerosol samplers...
August 24, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832621/a-prospective-examination-of-online-social-network-dynamics-and-smoking-cessation
#12
Amanda L Graham, Kang Zhao, George D Papandonatos, Bahar Erar, Xi Wang, Michael S Amato, Sarah Cha, Amy M Cohn, Jennifer L Pearson
INTRODUCTION: Use of online social networks for smoking cessation has been associated with abstinence. Little is known about the mechanisms through which the formation of social ties in an online network may influence smoking behavior. Using dynamic social network analysis, we investigated how temporal changes of an individual's number of social network ties are prospectively related to abstinence in an online social network for cessation. In a network where quitting is normative and is the focus of communications among members, we predicted that an increasing number of ties would be positively associated with abstinence...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832322/a-chemical-screen-in-zebrafish-embryonic-cells-establishes-that-akt-activation-is-required-for-neural-crest-development
#13
Christie Ciarlo, Charles K Kaufman, Beste Kinikoglu, Jonathan Michael, Song Yang, Christopher D Amato, Sasja Blokzijl-Franke, Jeroen den Hertog, Thorsten M Schlaeger, Yi Zhou, Eric Liao, Leonard I Zon
The neural crest is a dynamic progenitor cell population that arises at the border of neural and non-neural ectoderm. The inductive roles of FGF, Wnt, and BMP at the neural plate border are well established, but the signals required for subsequent neural crest development remain poorly characterized. Here, we conducted a screen in primary zebrafish embryo cultures for chemicals that disrupt neural crest development, as read out by crestin:EGFP expression. We found that the natural product caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) disrupts neural crest gene expression, migration, and melanocytic differentiation by reducing Sox10 activity...
August 23, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832067/comparison-of-overridden-medication-related-clinical-decision-support-in-the-intensive-care-unit-between-a-commercial-system-and-a-legacy-system
#14
Adrian Wong, Adam Wright, Diane L Seger, Mary G Amato, Julie M Fiskio, David Bates
BACKGROUND: Electronic health records (EHRs) with clinical decision support (CDS) have shown to be effective at improving patient safety. Despite this, alerts delivered as part of CDS are overridden frequently, which is of concern in the critical care population as this group may have an increased risk of harm. Our organization recently transitioned from an internally-developed EHR to a commercial system. Data comparing various EHR systems, especially after transitions between EHRs, are needed to identify areas for improvement...
August 23, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829782/exploratory-structural-assessment-in-craniocervical-dystonia-global-and-differential-analyses
#15
Larissa Vilany, Thiago J R de Rezende, Luiza G Piovesana, Lidiane S Campos, Paula C de Azevedo, Fabio R Torres, Marcondes C França, Augusto C Amato-Filho, Iscia Lopes-Cendes, Fernando Cendes, Anelyssa D'Abreu
INTRODUCTION: Our goal was to investigate the cortical thickness and subcortical volume in subjects with craniocervical dystonia and its subgroups. METHODS: We studied 49 subjects, 17 with cervical dystonia, 18 with blepharospasm or oromandibular dystonia, and 79 healthy controls. We performed a whole group analysis, followed by a subgroup analysis. We used Freesurfer software to measure cortical thickness, subcortical volume and to perform a primary exploratory analysis in the craniocervical dystonia group, complemented by a region of interest analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821687/mri-substrates-of-sustained-attention-system-and-cognitive-impairment-in-pediatric-ms-patients
#16
Ermelinda De Meo, Lucia Moiola, Angelo Ghezzi, Pierangelo Veggiotti, Ruggero Capra, Maria Pia Amato, Elisabetta Pagani, Agnese Fiorino, Lorena Pippolo, Maria C Pera, Giancarlo Comi, Andrea Falini, Massimo Filippi, Maria A Rocca
OBJECTIVE: To explore the structural and functional integrity of the sustained attention system in patients with pediatric multiple sclerosis (MS) and its effect on cognitive impairment. METHODS: We enrolled 57 patients with pediatric MS and 14 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HCs). Patients with >3 abnormal tests at neuropsychological evaluation were classified as cognitively impaired (CI). Sustained attention system activity was studied with fMRI during the Conners Continuous Performance Test (CCPT)...
August 18, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811958/soluble-nkg2d-ligands-are-biomarkers-associated-with-the-clinical-outcome-to-immune-checkpoint-blockade-therapy-of-metastatic-melanoma-patients
#17
Cristina Maccalli, Diana Giannarelli, Carla Chiarucci, Ornella Cutaia, Gianluca Giacobini, Wouter Hendrickx, Giovanni Amato, Diego Annesi, Davide Bedognetti, Maresa Altomonte, Riccardo Danielli, Luana Calabrò, Anna Maria Di Giacomo, Francesco M Marincola, Giorgio Parmiani, Michele Maio
The introduction of immune checkpoint blockade into the clinical practice resulted in improvement of survival of a significant portion of melanoma patients. Consequently, predictive biomarkers of response are needed to optimize patient's stratification and the development of combination therapies. The aim of this study was to determine whether levels of soluble NKG2D ligands (MICA, MICB, ULBP1, 2 and 3; sNKG2DLs) in the serum of melanoma patients can serve as useful predictors of response to the treatment with immune checkpoint blockade...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810019/alveolar-recruitment-strategies-after-cardiac-surgery-reply
#18
LETTER
Marcelo B P Amato, Marcia S Volpe, Ludhmila A Hajjar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808547/patterns-of-seasonality-and-group-membership-characterize-the-gut-microbiota-in-a-longitudinal-study-of-wild-verreaux-s-sifakas-propithecus-verreauxi
#19
Andrea Springer, Claudia Fichtel, Gabriel A Al-Ghalith, Flávia Koch, Katherine R Amato, Jonathan B Clayton, Dan Knights, Peter M Kappeler
The intestinal microbiota plays a major role in host development, metabolism, and health. To date, few longitudinal studies have investigated the causes and consequences of microbiota variation in wildlife, although such studies provide a comparative context for interpreting the adaptive significance of findings from studies on humans or captive animals. Here, we investigate the impact of seasonality, diet, group membership, sex, age, and reproductive state on gut microbiota composition in a wild population of group-living, frugi-folivorous primates, Verreaux's sifakas (Propithecus verreauxi)...
August 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806991/the-impact-of-an-educational-program-on-recognition-treatment-and-report-of-child-abuse
#20
Pietro Ferrara, Antonio Gatto, Nunzia Pia Manganelli, Francesca Ianniello, Maria Elisa Amodeo, Maria Amato, Ida Giardino, Antonio Chiaretti
BACKGROUND: Pediatricians play a crucial role in the identification and management of child abuse and neglect (CAN) but they often don't have a formal specialized training. METHODS: We analysed retrospectively data about patients, 0 - 18 years of age, victims of CAN between 1 April 2005 and 30 April 2015. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of a multidisciplinary educational program, "CAN: prevention strategies, individuation and treatment", on the knowledge, case recognition, treatment and follow-up of physicians of Gemelli University Hospital in Rome, regarding physical, sexual abuse and neglect...
August 14, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
keyword
keyword
74416
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"