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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725627/effect-of-yoga-training-on-lipid-metabolism-in-industrial-workers-with-reference-to-body-constitution-prakriti
#1
Suchitra Doddoli, Sanjay Shete, Dattatraya Kulkarni, Ranjit Bhogal
INTRODUCTION: The progressive increase in dyslipidemia and physical inactivity are considered to be major risk factors for the onset of non communicable diseases. Awareness of body constitution plays a vital role to regularise optimum health. The present study was planned to evaluate the effect of yoga practices on lipid metabolism with reference to specific body constitution (Prakriti). METHODS: A self-as-control study was conducted on 36 male healthy volunteers between age group of 30-58 years...
July 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707864/oxidative-stress-antioxidants-and-lipid-profile-in-the-serum-and-saliva-of-individuals-with-coronary-heart-disease-is-there-a-link-with-periodontal-health
#2
Natheer H Al-Rawi, Alaa M Shahid
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stresses and dyslipidemia are an important risk factor in the development of coronary atherosclerotic complications like angina pectoris and myocardial infarction. The aim of this study was to find the relationship between the salivary lipid profile, lipid peroxidation and antioxidants and the periodontal health status of patients with acute coronary heart disease. METHODS: Forty s who had experienced a recent attack of angina pectoris or myocardial infarction and another 40 noncardiac patients matched for age, sex and residence (control) were recruited...
July 12, 2017: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694219/hepatic-abca1-deficiency-is-associated-with-delayed-apolipoprotein-b-secretory-trafficking-and-augmented-vldl-triglyceride-secretion
#3
Mingxia Liu, Soonkyu Chung, Gregory S Shelness, John S Parks
ATP binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) is a membrane transporter that facilitates nascent HDL formation. Tangier disease subjects with complete ABCA1 deficiency have <5% of normal levels of plasma HDL, elevated triglycerides (TGs), and defective vesicular trafficking in fibroblasts and macrophages. Hepatocyte-specific ABCA1 knockout mice (HSKO) have a similar lipid phenotype with 20% of normal plasma HDL levels and a two-fold elevation of plasma TGs due to hepatic overproduction of large, triglyceride-enriched VLDL...
July 7, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669959/-correlation-of-blood-concentration-of-tacrolimus-with-serum-cystatin-c-in-renal-transplant-recipients-and-effect-of-tacrolimus-on-glucose-and-lipid-metabolism
#4
Zhen-Bang Zhong, Li-Qian Mo, Yan Chen, Ping Zheng, Xi-Xiao Yang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between blood concentrations of tacrolimus (FK506) and cystatin C (Cys C) and the effect of FK506 on glycolipid metabolism in renal transplant recipients. METHODS: A total of 325 patients receiving renal transplantation between August, 2014 and September, 2015 in Nanfang Hospital were divided into 4 groups according to the postoperative time (1 month group, 1-3 months group, 4-6 months group, and 7-12 months group). FK506 blood trough concentration was measured at the time of postoperative follow-up, and creatinine (Scr) and Cys C levels were also detected...
June 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658801/hypolipidaemic-effects-of-gymnema-sylvestre-on-high-fat-diet-induced-dyslipidaemia-in-wistar-rats
#5
Dheeraj Kumar Singh, Narendra Kumar, Anjula Sachan, Preet Lakhani, Sachin Tutu, Rajendra Nath, Amod Kumar Sachan, Rakesh Kumar Dixit
INTRODUCTION: Hyperlipidaemia is a well known risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Lifestyle modification can be the initial step to reduce cholesterol levels. There are various drugs which are used to control dyslipidaemia. Treatment of lipid abnormalities is a lifelong battle. Moreover, the safety and effectiveness of long term lipid lowering treatment are questionable. Gymnema Sylvestre (GS) is a well known herb with various medicinal properties. AIM: To explore the hypolipidaemic activity of GS leaves extract...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658753/effect-of-menstrual-cycle-phases-on-plasma-lipid-and-lipoprotein-levels-in-regularly-menstruating-women
#6
Shilpi Vashishta, Sushila Gahlot, Rajni Goyal
INTRODUCTION: Physiological cyclic variability in levels of sex hormones during a menstrual cycle may possibly have an impact on lipids, lipoprotein levels and therefore on cardiovascular health status of females. AIM: To ascertain the effect of menstrual cycle phases on the levels of cardiovascular risk predictors i.e., plasma lipids and lipoproteins in healthy menstruating women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study, 111 healthy regularly menstruating females aged 15-45 years were examined at two points of a menstrual cycle i...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656095/controlling-lipids-aids-in-the-prevention-of-type-2-diabetes-hypertension-and-cardiovascular-diseases
#7
Shivananda B Nayak, Stephanie B Mohammed, Akash S Nayak
BACKGROUND: Abnormal lipid profiles are a characteristic feature of persons with chronic conditions in which the diabetic populations are recognized as the dominant group, regardless of gender and ethnicity worldwide. This study was conducted to identify and evaluate the abnormalities of serum lipid profiles in both nondiabetic and diabetic persons. METHODS: This study was a case-control investigation conducted between 2013 and 2015. The study enrolled 266 patients from the North Central and South West Regional Health Authorities of Trinidad...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627207/the-effect-of-defatted-cocoa-powder-on-cholesterol-induced-changes-of-serum-lipids-in-rats
#8
Mousa Numan Ahmad, Amira Mohammad Amr
INTRODUCTION: Cocoa has been known for many health benefits, but its lipid-lowering activity still remains unresolved. OBJECTIVES: To investigate effects of varying amounts of defatted cocoa on serum lipids in cholesterol-fed rats. METHODS: Forty-eight male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned into four cholesterol-free (control) and four cholesterol-supplemented (experimental) diets containing 0, 1, 2 or 3% defatted cocoa (DC) and given ad libitumto the rats for ten weeks...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615303/favouring-modulation-of-circulating-lipoproteins-and-lipid-loading-capacity-by-direct-antiviral-agents-grazoprevir-elbasvir-or-ledipasvir-sofosbuvir-treatment-against-chronic-hcv-infection
#9
Hung-Yu Sun, Pin-Nan Cheng, Chiung-Ying Tseng, Wei-Jen Tsai, Yen-Cheng Chiu, Kung-Chia Young
OBJECTIVE: Lipid homoeostasis is disturbed in patients with HCV infection. Direct-acting antiviral agent (DAA) treatment eradicates chronic HCV viraemia, but the dynamics of lipid components remain elusive. This study investigates the clinical manifestation and mechanistic relevance of plasma triglyceride (TG), cholesterol (Chol), lipoproteins and apolipoproteins (apos) after DAA treatment. DESIGN: Twenty-four patients with chronic genotype 1 (GT1) HCV treated with elbasvir/grazoprevir or ledipasvir/sofosbuvir for 12 weeks, and followed-up thereafter, were recruited...
June 14, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610615/quantitative-trait-loci-at-the-11q23-3-chromosomal-region-related-to-dyslipidemia-in-the-population-of-andhra-pradesh-india
#10
Rayabarapu Pranavchand, Battini Mohan Reddy
BACKGROUND: Given the characteristic atherogenic dyslipidemia of south Indian population and crucial role of APOA1, APOC3, APOA4 and APOA5 genes clustered in 11q23.3 chromosomal region in regulating lipoprotein metabolism and cholesterol homeostasis, a large number of recently identified variants are to be explored for their role in regulating the serum lipid parameters among south Indians. METHODS: Using fluidigm SNP genotyping platform, a prioritized set of 96 SNPs of the 11q23...
June 13, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603128/antihyperglycemic-and-antioxidant-effect-of-the-total-flavones-of-potentilla-kleiniana-wight-et-arn-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#11
Shenghua Li, Juan Tan, Junying Zeng, Xianjin Wu Xianjin Wu, Jian Zhang
To investigate the antihyperglycemic and antioxidant activity of the total flavones of Potentilla kleiniana Wight et Arn. (TFP) in streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic rats. STZ-induced diabetic rats were treated with TFP weekly for 4 weeks at three doses (100 mg/kg, 200 mg/kg and 400 mg/kg). Blood glucose levels (BGL), body weight, insulin, total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high density lipoprotein (HDL), very low density lipoprotein (VLDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL), malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), super oxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) levels of liver and pancreas were measured weekly for 4 weeks...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579479/anti-obesogenic-and-hypolipidemic-effects-of-a-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonist-derived-from-the-saliva-of-the-gila-monster
#12
Patricia Lucio Alves, Fernando Mauricio Francis Abdalla, Rafaela Fadoni Alponti, Paulo Flavio Silveira
INTRODUCTION: Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor (R) agonists are a class of incretin mimetic drugs that have been used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus and also considered strong candidates for the treatment of obesity. The original prototypical drug in this class is the exenatide, a synthetic peptide with the same structure as the native molecule, exendin-4, found in the saliva of the Gila monster (Heloderma suspectum suspectum lizard). OBJECTIVES: To identify and compare the anti-obesogenic, antidyslipidemic and antidiabetogenic effects of agonism in GLP-1R by exenatide on two distinct models of obesity: induced by hypothalamic injury (MSG) or high-calorie diet (DIO)...
June 1, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571746/experimental-theileria-lestoquardi-infection-in-sheep-biochemical-and-hematological-changes
#13
Saeed Yaghfoori, Mehrdad Mohri, Gholamreza Razmi
Malignant theileriosis (Theileria lestoquardi infection) is a hemoparasitic tick-borne disease that affects both wild and domestic small ruminants. The aim of this study was to evaluate biochemical and hematological characteristics of sheep after being experimentally infected by T. lestoquardi. T. lestoquardi infection was induced in seven Baluchi sheep of six-to-eight months old via experimentally-infected Hyalomma anatolicum adult ticks. Biochemical and hematological parameters were measured twice a week during the three weeks' post infection...
May 29, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558886/lipids-aggression-suicidality-and-impulsivity-in-drug-na%C3%A3-ve-drug-free-patients-of-schizophrenia
#14
Anjana Rao Kavoor, Sayantanava Mitra, Sudhir Kumar, Anil Kr Sisodia, Rakesh Jain
AIM: Present study aimed at determining lipid profiles in acutely symptomatic drug-naïve/drug-free patients of schizophrenia, comparing them with healthy controls and exploring relationships between various lipid fractions, aggression, suicidality and impulsivity in this population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional hospital-based study, comparing patients with schizophrenia (M=46, F=14; mean age 32.40±6.6 years; 48 drug-free for 10.50±9.2 weeks) with 60 age-sex matched healthy controls...
June 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539740/evaluation-of-antioxidant-hypolipidemic-and-antiatherogenic-property-of-lycopene-and-astaxanthin-in-atherosclerosis-induced-rats
#15
Rajesh Kumar, Kartik Janardan Salwe, Manimekalai Kumarappan
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in the world. Antioxidants play a major role in prophylaxis and prevention of progression and complications of atherosclerosis. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we are evaluating the antiatherosclerotic effect of two antioxidants such as astaxanthin and lycopene. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After acclimatization, 24 male SD rats, 8-10 weeks old, 150 ± 10 g, maintained as per CPCSEA guidelines were divided into four groups of six rats each...
April 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539716/prevention-mechanism-of-2-3-5-4-tetrahydroxy-stilbene-2-o-%C3%AE-d-glucoside-on-lipid-accumulation-in-steatosis-hepatic-l-02-cell
#16
Pei Lin, Jian-Mei Lu, Yan-Fang Wang, Wen Gu, Rong-Hua Zhao, Jie Yu
AIM: 2,3,5,4'-Tetrahydroxy-stilbene-2-O-β-d-glucoside (TSG), a natural stilbene, shows great activities in hepatic lipid regulation, especially for hepatic triglyceride lowering. However, information about its mechanisms on biosynthesis and degradation of triglyceride is still limited. This research pays close attention to clarify the mechanism of TSG on prevention of hepatic lipid accumulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: TSG was given to steatosis hepatocyte L-02 cell induced by fat emulsion incubation...
April 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515160/replacement-of-refined-starches-and-added-sugars-with-egg-protein-and-unsaturated-fats-increases-insulin-sensitivity-and-lowers-triglycerides-in-overweight-or-obese-adults-with-elevated-triglycerides
#17
Kevin C Maki, Orsolya M Palacios, Emily Lindner, Kristin M Nieman, Marjorie Bell, Jennifer Sorce
Background: Hypertriglyceridemia is a common condition in the United States and is often associated with other metabolic disturbances, including insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, and a predominance of small dense LDL particles.Objective: The objective of this trial was to evaluate the effects of a combination of egg protein (Epro) and unsaturated fatty acids (UFAs) substituted for refined starches and added sugars on insulin sensitivity (primary outcome) and other cardiometabolic health markers in overweight or obese adults with elevated triglyceride (TG) concentrations...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504609/age-and-sex-differences-in-serum-adiponectin-and-its-association-with-lipoprotein-fractions
#18
Yoshiharu Tomono, Chika Hiraishi, Hiroshi Yoshida
Objective The correlation of adiponectin with cholesterol concentration of fractionated lipoproteins has not been well investigated. Methods This study included 174 subjects (79 men and 95 women) without diabetes. The medical record data were investigated retrospectively. The study subjects with adiponectin <8.3, > 8.3 but less 13.9, and ≥ 13.9 were classified into tertile groups: Groups A ( n = 59), B ( n = 58) and C ( n = 57), respectively. Results In women, age and HDL-C were higher in Group C than in Groups A and B, but BMI, TG, IDL-C and VLDL-C were lower in Group C than in Groups A and B...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500244/tamoxifen-reduces-hepatic-vldl-production-and-gh-secretion-in-women-a-possible-mechanism-for-steatosis-development
#19
Vita Birzniece, P Hugh R Barrett, Ken K Y Ho
CONTEXT: Growth hormone (GH) stimulates hepatic synthesis of very-low-density lipoproteins (VLDL), whereas hepatic steatosis develops as a result of GH deficiency. Steatosis is also a complication of tamoxifen treatment, the cause of which is not known. As tamoxifen inhibits the secretion and action of GH, we hypothesize that it induces steatosis by inhibiting hepatic VLDL export. AIM: To investigate whether tamoxifen reduces hepatic VLDL secretion. DESIGN: Eight healthy, normolipidemic women (age 64...
May 12, 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473603/increased-hepatic-mitochondrial-fa-oxidation-reduces-plasma-and-liver-tg-levels-and-is-associated-with-regulation-of-ucps-and-apoc-iii-in-rats
#20
Carine Lindquist, Bodil Bjørndal, Christine Renate Rossmann, Deusdedit Tusubira, Asbjørn Svardal, Gro Vatne Røsland, Karl Johan Tronstad, Seth Hallström, Rolf Kristian Berge
Hepatic mitochondrial function, APOC-III, and LPL are potential targets for triglyceride (TG)-lowering drugs. After 3 weeks of dietary treatment with the compound 2-(tridec-12-yn-1-ylthio)acetic acid (1-triple TTA), the hepatic mitochondrial FA oxidation increased more than 5-fold in male Wistar rats. Gene expression analysis in liver showed significant downregulation of APOC-III and upregulation of LPL and the VLDL receptor. This led to lower hepatic (53%) and plasma (73%) TG levels. Concomitantly, liver-specific biomarkers related to mitochondrial biogenesis and function (mitochondrial DNA, citrate synthase activity, and cytochrome c and TFAM gene expression) were elevated...
July 2017: Journal of Lipid Research
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