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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919450/seasonal-expression-of-p450c17-and-5%C3%AE-reductase-2-in-the-scented-gland-of-male-muskrats-ondatra-zibethicus
#1
Wentao Han, Wenqian Xie, Yan Zhang, Fengwei Zhang, Haolin Zhang, Yingying Han, Zhengrong Yuan, Qiang Weng
Cytochrome P450 17A1 (P450c17) is the key enzyme required for the production of androgenic sex steroids by converting progestogens to androgens. 5α-reductases are enzymes that convert testosterone (T) to dihydrotestosterone (DHT), which has a greater affinity for androgen receptors (AR) and stronger action than T. Our previous studies revealed that the scented glands of male muskrats expressed AR during the breeding and nonbreeding seasons. To further seek evidence of the activities of androgens in scented glands, the expression patterns of P450c17 and 5α-reductase 2 were investigated in the scented glands of male muskrats during the breeding and nonbreeding seasons...
September 14, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917944/tetrabromoethylcyclohexane-affects-gonadal-differentiation-and-development-in-the-frog-pelophylax-nigromaculatus
#2
Peng-Yan Liu, Tan Meng, Yuan-Yuan Li, Man Cai, Xing-Hong Li, Juan Chen, Zhan-Fen Qin
Tetrabromoethylcyclohexane (TBECH), an additive brominated flame retardant, has been shown to have an androgenic activity in vitro. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effects of TBECH on gonadal differentiation and development in the frog Pelophylax nigromaculatus, an amphibian species sensitive to androgenic chemicals, and to assess the androgenic activity of TBECH in vivo. P. nigromaculatus tadpoles were exposed to TBECH (1, 10, 100nM) from Gosner stage 24 to complete metamorphosis, and to 5α-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) as a positive control...
September 9, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916285/profiling-of-bisphenol-s-towards-nuclear-receptors-activities-in-human-reporter-cell-lines
#3
Ondrej Zenata, Zdenek Dvorak, Radim Vrzal
Bisphenol S (BPS) is heat-stable structural analog of bisphenol A (BPA), a known endocrine disruptor. Due to the effort to replace BPA with BPS, it is essential to know if BPS is suitable non-toxic replacement without reported deleterious effects of BPA. Since most of the BPA effects are ascribed to its ability to activate nuclear receptors, we screened some prominent members of this family in order to confirm or refute some recent findings. We found that BPS insignificantly activated aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) in reporter gene assay and no induction of AhR target gene CYP1A1 was observed in human hepatocytes (HH)...
September 12, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912255/sex-hormones-and-the-development-of-sexual-size-dimorphism-dihydrotestosterone-inhibits-growth-in-a-female-larger-lizard-sceloporus-undulatus
#4
Nicholas B Pollock, Stephanie Feigin, Marko Drazenovic, Henry B John-Alder
Sexual differences in adult body size (sexual size dimorphism; SSD) and color (sexual dichromatism) are widespread, and both male- and female-biased dimorphisms are observed even among closely related species. A growing body of evidence indicates testosterone (T) can regulate growth, thus the development of SSD, and sexual dichromatism. However, the mechanism(s) underlying these effects are conjectural, including possible conversions of T to estradiol (E2) or 5 α-dihydrotestosterone (DHT). In the present study, we hypothesized that effects of T are physiological responses mediated by androgen receptors, and we tested two specific predictions: 1) that DHT would mimic effects of T by inhibiting growth and enhancing coloration, and 2) that removal of endogenous T via surgical castration would stimulate growth...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911172/androgens-mediate-sex-dependent-gonadotropin-expression-during-late-prenatal-development-in-the-mouse
#5
Michael J Kreisman, Christopher I Song, Kathleen Yip, Bryony V Natale, David R Natale, Kellie M Breen
Central organization of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis is initiated during fetal life. At this critical time, gonadal hormones mediate sex-specific development of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis, which then dictates reproductive physiology and behavior in adulthood. Although studies have investigated the effects of prenatal androgens on central factors influencing gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) release, the impact of fetal androgens on gonadotrope function has been overlooked. In the current study, we demonstrated that gonadotropin gene expression and protein production were robustly elevated in female mice compared with males during late fetal development and that this sex difference was dependent on fetal androgens...
September 1, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905453/sexual-steroids-in-serum-and-prostatic-tissue-of-human-non-cancerous-prostate-sterproser-trial
#6
Yann Neuzillet, Jean-Pierre Raynaud, Camélia Radulescu, Jean Fiet, Franck Giton, Jean-François Dreyfus, Tarek P Ghoneim, Thierry Lebret, Henry Botto
BACKGROUND: The specific involvement of the sex steroids in the growth of the prostatic tissue remains unclear. Sex steroid concentrations in plasma and in fresh surgical samples of benign central prostate were correlated to prostate volume. METHODS: Monocentric prospective study performed between September 2014 and January 2017. Age, obesity parameters, and both serum and intraprostatic concentrations of sex steroids were collected complying with the latest Endocrine Society guidelines and the steroids assessed by GC/MS...
September 14, 2017: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899417/serotonin-augmentation-therapy-by-escitalopram-has-minimal-effects-on-amyloid-%C3%AE-levels-in-early-stage-alzheimer-s-like-disease-in-mice
#7
Christian Ulrich von Linstow, Jonas Waider, Manuela Grebing, Athanasios Metaxas, Klaus Peter Lesch, Bente Finsen
BACKGROUND: Dysfunction of the serotonergic (5-HTergic) system has been implicated in the cognitive and behavioural symptoms of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Accumulation of toxic amyloid-β (Aβ) species is a hallmark of AD and an instigator of pathology. Serotonin (5-HT) augmentation therapy by treatment with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in patients with AD has had mixed success in improving cognitive function, whereas SSRI administration to mice with AD-like disease has been shown to reduce Aβ pathology...
September 12, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891417/androgens-upregulate-endometrial-epithelial-progesterone-receptor-expression-potential-implications-for-endometriosis
#8
Samir N Babayev, Chan Woo Park, Patrick W Keller, Bruce R Carr, Ruth A Word, Orhan Bukulmez
BACKGROUND: Androgenic compounds have been implicated in induction of endometrial atrophy yet the mechanisms of androgen effects on human endometrium have not been well studied. We hypothesized that androgens may promote their endometrial effects via modulation of progesterone receptor (PR) expression. METHODS: Proliferative phase endometrial samples were collected at the time of hysterectomy. We evaluated the effect of the potent androgen 5α-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) on endometrial PR expression by treating human endometrial explants, endometrial stromal cells, and Ishikawa cells with DHT...
October 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890368/cyp17a1-independent-production-of-the-neurosteroid-derived-5%C3%AE-pregnan-3%C3%AE-6%C3%AE-diol-20-one-in-androgen-responsive-prostate-cancer-cell-lines-under-serum-starvation-and-inhibition-by-abiraterone
#9
Antonio G Gomes de Mello Martins, Giuseppe Allegretta, Gerhard Unteregger, Jörg Haupenthal, Jens Eberhard, Michael Hoffmann, Jill A van der Zee, Kerstin Junker, Michael Stöckle, Rolf Müller, Rolf W Hartmann, Carsten-H Ohlmann
CYP17A1-independent intratumoral steroid hormone synthesis is regarded as one possible explanation for resistance to treatment with the CYP17-inhibitor Abiraterone (Abi). The aim of our study was therefore to investigate the steroid metabolism of prostate cancer cells under serum starvation and the effects of Abi treatment. We assessed steroid metabolism in a panel of prostate cancer cells under serum starvation by radioactivity detector-coupled HPLC and HPLC-ESI-ToF-mass spectrometry after treatment with pregnenolone, progesterone and allopregnanolone...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882473/age-related-changes-in-sexual-function-and-steroid-hormone-receptors-in-the-medial-preoptic-area-of-male-rats
#10
Victoria L Nutsch, Ryan G Will, Daniel J Tobiansky, Michael P Reilly, Andrea C Gore, Juan M Dominguez
Testosterone is the main circulating steroid hormone in males, and acts to facilitate sexual behavior via both reduction to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and aromatization to estradiol. The mPOA is a key site involved in mediating actions of androgens and estrogens in the control of masculine sexual behavior, but the respective roles of these hormones is not fully understood. As males age they show impairments in sexual function, and a decreased facilitation of behavior by steroid hormones compared to younger animals...
September 8, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881775/uridine-diphosphate-glucuronosyltransferase-2b15-d85y-gene-polymorphism-is-associated-with-lower-prostate-cancer-risk-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Xiao Zhong, Jiayu Feng, Ya Xiao, Pingxian Wang, Qiming Fan, Ronghua Wu, Wengang Hu, Chibing Huang
UGT2B15 (uridine diphosphate-glucuronosyltransferase 2B15) catalyzes the conversion of lipophilic C19 steroid androgens such as dihydrotestosterone (DHT) into water-soluble metabolites that can be excreted. Studies of the association between the UGT2B15 gene D85Y polymorphism and prostate cancer have yielded contradictory results. We therefore systematically searched in the PubMed, EMBASE, Science Direct/Elsevier, CNKI, and Cochrane Library databases, and identified six relevant studies with which to perform a meta-analysis of the relation between UGT2B15 D85Y polymorphism and prostate cancer risk...
August 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881726/modulation-of-paracrine-signaling-by-cd9-positive-small-extracellular-vesicles-mediates-cellular-growth-of-androgen-deprived-prostate-cancer
#12
Carolina Soekmadji, James D Riches, Pamela J Russell, Jayde E Ruelcke, Stephen McPherson, Chenwei Wang, Chris M Hovens, Niall M Corcoran, Michelle M Hill, Colleen C Nelson
Proliferation and maintenance of both normal and prostate cancer (PCa) cells is highly regulated by steroid hormones, particularly androgens, and the extracellular environment. Herein, we identify the secretion of CD9 positive extracellular vesicles (EV) by LNCaP and DUCaP PCa cells in response to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and use nano-LC-MS/MS to identify the proteins present in these EV. Subsequent bioinformatic and pathway analyses of the mass spectrometry data identified pathologically relevant pathways that may be altered by EV contents...
August 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860512/regulation-of-androgen-receptor-signaling-by-ubiquitination-during-folliculogenesis-and-its-possible-dysregulation-in-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome
#13
Jung Jin Lim, Patricia D A Lima, Reza Salehi, Dong Ryul Lee, Benjamin K Tsang
Although chronic hyperandrogenism suppresses antral follicular development, a phenomenon often observed in polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), whether and how deregulation of androgen receptor (AR) signaling is involved, is not well understood. In the present study, we examined the role of ring finger protein 6 (RNF6) in AR ubiquitination and the possible dysregulation in the expression and actions of growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) and kit-ligand (Kitlg) in a chronic androgenized PCOS rat model. 5α-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) treatment in vivo inhibited antral follicle growth, a response mediated through increased RNF6 content, suppressed K63- but increased K48-linked AR ubiquitination as well as the mRNA expression and content of soluble KIT-L (sKitlg) and content of GDF9...
August 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851333/a-gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-antagonist-reduces-serum-adrenal-androgen-levels-in-prostate-cancer-patients
#14
Yoshiyuki Miyazawa, Yoshitaka Sekine, Takahiro Syuto, Masashi Nomura, Hidekazu Koike, Hiroshi Matsui, Yasuhiro Shibata, Kazuto Ito, Kazuhiro Suzuki
BACKGROUND: Adrenal androgens play an important role in the development of castration-resistant prostate cancer therapeutics. The effect of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonists on adrenal androgens has not been studied sufficiently. We measured testicular and adrenal androgen levels in patients treated with a GnRH antagonist. METHODS: This study included 47 patients with histologically proven prostate cancer. All of the patients were treated with the GnRH antagonist degarelix...
August 29, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830494/in-vivo-evaluation-of-hot-water-extract-of-acorus-gramineus-root-against-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#15
Joo-Myung Moon, Hae-Mi Sung, Hyun-Jung Jung, Jae-Won Seo, Ji-Hyang Wee
BACKGROUND: Acorus gramineus has been reported to exhibit various pharmacological effects including inhibition of cholesterol synthesis, enhancement of lipid metabolism, prevention of dementia and inhibition of mast cell growth. According to the Chinese compendium of materia media, it has been reported that Acorus spp. is effective for sedation, dementia prevention as well as diuretic effect. In addition, it showed more than equivalent activity compared to furosoemide, a drug known to be effective in diuretic action in animal model study...
August 22, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827204/evaluation-of-different-crosslinking-agents-on-hybrid-biomimetic-collagen-hydroxyapatite-composites-for-regenerative-medicine
#16
Gopal Shankar Krishnakumar, Natalia Gostynska, Massimiliano Dapporto, Elisabetta Campodoni, Monica Montesi, Silvia Panseri, Anna Tampieri, Elizaveta Kon, Maurilio Marcacci, Simone Sprio, Monica Sandri
This study focuses on the development of novel bone-like scaffolds by bio-inspired, pH-driven, mineralization of type I collagen matrix with magnesium-doped hydroxyapatite nanophase (MgHA/Coll). To this aim, this study evaluates the altered modifications in the obtained composite due to different crosslinkers such as dehydrothermal treatment (DHT), 1,4-butanediol diglycidyl ether (BDDGE) and ribose in terms of morphological, physical-chemical and biological properties. The physical-chemical properties of the composites evaluated by XRD, FTIR, ICP and TGA demonstrated that the chemical mimesis of bone was effectively achieved using the in-lab biomineralization process...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815018/serum-complexed-and-free-prostate-specific-antigen-levels-are-lower-in-female-elite-athletes-in-comparison-to-control-women
#17
Emma Eklund, Eleftherios P Diamandis, Carla Muytjens, Sarah Wheeler, Anu Mathew, Martin Stengelin, Eli Glezer, Galina Nikolenko, Marshall D Brown, Yingye Zheng, Angelica Lindén Hirschberg
BACKGROUND: We hypothesize that prostate specific antigen (PSA), a protein that it is under regulation by androgens, may be differentially expressed in female elite athletes in comparison to control women. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 106 female athletes and 114 sedentary age-matched controls.  Serum from these women was analyzed for complexed prostate specific antigen (cPSA) and free prostate specific antigen (fPSA), by fifth generation assays with limits of detection of around 6 and 140 fg/mL, respectively...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813036/prostate-cancer-the-pathway-to-progression-dht-biosynthesis
#18
Louise Stone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811502/sex-steroid-hormones-regulate-leptin-transcript-accumulation-and-protein-secretion-in-3t3-l1-cells
#19
Mónica Z Jenks, Heather E Fairfield, Erik C Johnson, Ron F Morrison, Gloria K Muday
Leptin is an adipokine produced by fat cells that regulates food consumption and metabolic activity. Sexual dimorphism in leptin and fat stores have been observed in humans and rodents with females having more leptin and greater levels of subcutaneous fat than males. One potential mechanism leading to this dimorphism is steroid hormone regulated synthesis of transcripts encoding leptin. Identification of direct regulatory mechanisms is difficult in animals or primary adipocytes due to these intertwined dimorphisms...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808352/the-effect-of-androgen-excess-on-maternal-metabolism-placental-function-and-fetal-growth-in-obese-dams
#20
Romina Fornes, Manuel Maliqueo, Min Hu, Laila Hadi, Juan M Jimenez-Andrade, Kerstin Ebefors, Jenny Nyström, Fernand Labrie, Thomas Jansson, Anna Benrick, Elisabet Stener-Victorin
Pregnant women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are often overweight or obese. To study the effects of maternal androgen excess in obese dams on metabolism, placental function and fetal growth, female C57Bl6J mice were fed a control (CD) or a high fat/high sucrose (HF/HS) diet for 4-10 weeks, and then mated. On gestational day (GD) 15.5-17.5, dams were injected with dihydrotestosterone (CD-DHT, HF/HS-DHT) or a vehicle (CD-Veh, HF/HS-Veh). HF/HS dams had higher fat content, both before mating and on GD18...
August 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
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